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IB PUBLISHED TBI- WElä ELY, Tuesdays, Thursdays, Saturdays. I.C. CHARROTTfi, T. Ii T. B. K. HATCH, , G. A. PIKE. : Editor. Il A T O N It O II U K I TUESDAY, 18, 180«. BP"* The cholera seems to have pretty well run its course in New OfleaDB, and we hoar of but very few new canes here. Doubtless, the few days of clear dry weather which we have beeu having, is the princi pal cause of so favorable a change in the sanitary condition of our city. Heaven grant, that we may soon be enabled to chronicle a total disap pearance of anything like cholera in our midst. So far as any other spe ciea of disease is concerned, there is lio place we believe in the wide world more exempt from the same than Baton Rouge. — • — - — G rosse T utu R ailhoao .—The Board of Selectmen of our city at a called meeting on Thursday last, provided by resolution for the pay ment of the matured interest coupons attached to the bonds issued to the Baton Rouge, Grosse Tfite and Ope loims Railroad Com puny. This payment, to be undo monthly (after due registration of the coupons), for the purpose of meeting the actual ex penses for labor and implements nec essary to put the road in runùing order by the first of January next. The Cirajw <ulliire. We read not long since, a treatise on the above subject, in which the writer contended that the almost annually recurring failures of the French and other European vintages were owing to the fact, fJiat the soil had become well nigh exhausted of those elements indispensable to a full and healthy germination of the grape and that it was only from a virgin soil like that of the United States that a successful culture of the grape could hereafter be depended on. The writer's views, corroborated by a Jong experience, seemed plausible enough and are still more strength ened by late accounts. It is re ported from France that the pro tracted cold and wet weather is in auspicious for the grape harvest, and will probably. affect the quality of the wine. In some vineyards a large proportion of the grapes have been Host. M. Aguado, the recent pur chaser of those famous vineyards, (the Chateau Margaux), is said to have lost three-fourths of the crop. Jn the neighborhood of Paris, grapes, which at this time last year were ripe on tho side "kissed by the sun," are bard and most unpromising. The disappointment of the growers, too, is all the greater, as the quantity of grapes was most abundant. The grape finds a genial home amid the vast ranges of soil and cli mate possessed by the United State*. Its culture is increasing rapidly in California, Ohio and Missouri, and is fouud to be one of the most suc cessful and profitable crops that can possibly be realised. The uplands ;of East Baton Rouge and the adja cent eastern parishes'are peculiarly »erviceable for this species of cultuie and we hope the day is tiot far dis tant when the grape shall become one of the most abundantly produced and valuable staples of the land when wine presses shall spring up and multiply on every hand and wiue »ata overflowing with their pure and unadulterated liquid shall supersede fcbe mauy millions of gallons of "vil laiawus compounds " denominated wine which are now foisted upon the people of this country as "genuine articles." ty President Johnson and his traveling companions have returned to Washington, thus ending their late tour. gfljr Ten thousand dollars worth of crockery was broken in Louisville the ©tlier day by the falling of the shelves of a store. Another Epistolary Document from Henry Ward Iteecber. Mr. Beecher has hastened out with a second letter written from Peeks kill, tho more important portions of which will be found below. This letter, it appears, was prompted by the dissatisfaction which his letter of August 30th, created among his tolerant and "unco-righteous" con stituency of Plymouth Church, and is launched into publicity by way of explaining still further his present political views and sentiments, tem pered, however, to suit the idiosyn cracies of his dissenting brethren, by the introduction of a hit or two at President Johnson ; but even these hits he is forced, in turn, to temper, by according to the President hon esty and sincerity of purpose in the discharge of what he regards as the public good. If Beecher could only hold fast to the little faith that is within him and not veer around like some politicians, to undo by ingeni ous sophistry and sensational agita tion the good which he has seemed inclined to do of late, he has it in bis power to pluck from his own eyes and those of his devoted fol lowers, the film which has for so long a time bliuded them, and finally to redeem himself from that load of odium which is attached to his'name ou account of his former course of bitter bate and injustice toward the South : 1'jCKKHKII.t., Sopt. 8. My Dear Friend —I am obliged to you for your letter. I am sorry that my friends and my congregation are grieved by rny Cleveland letter This feeling, however, has no just grounds, whatever /may be the seem ing. I have not left,anil do not propose lo leave, or to be put out of the Repub lican party. I am in sympathy with its aims, its great principles and its army of noble men. But 1 took the liberty of criticising its policy in a simple respect, and to do what I could to secure what I believed, and still believe, to be a better one. I afn, and, from the first, have been fully of the opinion that the amendment of the constitution proposed by Con gress, equalizing representation in the Northern and Southern States, was intrinsically just and reasonable, and that it should be sought by a wholesome and persistent moral agi tation. But from the present condi tion of the public mind, and from the President's attitude, deemed such a change to be practically impossible in any near period by political action, and a plan of reconstruction based upon that seems to me far more like a plan of adjourning reconstruction for years at least, with all the liabili ties of mischief which are always to be expected in the fluctuations of politics in a free nation. It is not the North that chiefly needs the re storation of the Government to its normal sphere and regular action. Either the advantages of the Union are fallacious, or the continuous ex clusionof the South from it will breed disorder, make the future re union more difficult, and especially subject the freedmen to the very worst con ditions of society which can well ex ist. No army, no Government, and no earthly power can compel the South to treat four million men justly if the inhabitants, whether rightly or wrongly, regard these men as the cause or even the occasion of their unhappiness and disfranchisement, but no army or government or power will be required when Southern so ciety is restored, occupied and pros pering in the renewed Union.* Then the negro will be felt to bo necessary to Southern industry, and interest will join with conscience and kind ness in securing for him favorable treatment from his fellow-citizens. We that live at a distance may think the social reconstruction involved in the emancipation of four million slaves is as simple and easy as it is to dis course about it., but such a change is itself one of the most tremendous tests to which industry and society can be subjected, and to its favora ble issue is required every advantage possible, The longer the South is left in turmoil, the worse it will be for the negro. If there were no other reason, if the white population were not (Mr fellow-citizens ; if we had lost all kindness and regard for them, anil all pride for the Union as in part represented by Southern States, and confined our amendments exclusively to the negro, the case would be strong beyond my power of expression for an early resumption of t ederal rela tions with ajl the States. If this is to disregard the negro, then all so cial and natural laws have been stud ied in vain. Neither am I a Johnson man ia any received meaning of that term I accept that part of the policy which he favors, but with modification. I have never thought that it would be wise to bring back all the States in a body and at once, any more than it would be to keep them all out to gether. One by one, in due succes sion, under a practical judgment, rather than by wholesale theoretic rule, I would have them readmitted. 1 still think a middle course between the President's and that of Congress would bo wiser than either. But with this my agreement with the President endö. I have long regretted his igno rance of Northern ideas and senti ments, and have been astonished and pained at his increasing indiscretions. Unconsciously the President is the chief obstacle to the readmission of the Southern States. It is enough that he is known to favor a measure to set the public mind against it. This is to be deplored. But it is largely owing to his increasing im Eirudent conduct. I believe him to te honest and sincere in the dis charge of what he regards as the public good, but slow and inapt in receiving help from other minds Proud and sensitive, firm to obsti nacy, resolute to fierceness, intelli gent in his own sphere, which is narrow, he takes the intensity of his own convictions for strength of evi dence. Such a man has a true sphere in periods of peril—when au dacious firmnesiynd rude vigor are needed. But in tho delicate tasks of adjustment, which follow civil war, such a nature lacks that tact, and delicacy, and moral intuition which constitute the true statesman. Mr. Johnson's haste to take the wrong side at the atrocious massacre of New Orleans was shocking. The perversion and mutilation of Sheri dan's dispatches, need no characteri zation. I do not attribute this act to him, yet it was of such a criminal and disgraceful nature that not to clear himself of it by the exposure and rebuke of tho offending party amounted to collusion with crime after the fact. What shall I say of the speeches made by the wide recent circuit of the Executive 1 Are these the ways id' n^iïiâtiônr'Y^' ^Mr'Johnson is to be our President for nearly three years, to come clothed with a power which belongs to few thrones Besides the honor which a people owe to him as tho Chief Magistrate, we must as Christian citizens credit him with his real excellencies ; his original horror of secession; his bold resistance to treachery ; his persist ent and self-denying heroism iu the long dark days of Tennessee. We must not forget that he has zealously resisted the centralization of power in the Federal Government ; that he has sought to dignify and secure a true States rights ; that he has maintained simplicity of manner and a true love of the common people. It is our fluty, likewise, to forestall and prevent as much as possible, by a kind and faithful criticism of his errors on the one hand, and by sym pathy and kindness on the other, those dangers to which he is liable, under the attacks which be is peculi arly unable to bear with calmness, and those dangers of evil counsellors, which more and more gravitate tow ard him. So long as it was possible, I have been silent upon Mr. John son's faults, and now speak so plainly only lest I seem to approve or cloak them. And now allow me to express some surprise at the turn which the public mind has taken on my letter. If I had never before spoken my sentiments, I can see how friends might now misapprehend my posi tion, but for a year past I have been advocating the very principles of the Cleveland letter, in »11 the chief Eastern cities, in Boston, Portland, Springfield, Albany, Utica, Roches ter, Buffalo, Philadelphia, Harris burg, Pittsburg and Brooklyn. At the Academy of Music last winter, these views were reported, discussed, agieed to or differed from, praised and blamed abundantly. But no one thought, or at least said, that I remember, that I had forsaken the Republican party, or had turned my back upon the freedmen. My re cent letter but condenses these view« which for twelvemonths I have been earnestly engaged in urging upon the attention of the community. I am not surprised that men dissent. But this sudden consternation, and this late discovery of the nature of my opinions, seem sufficiently sur prising. I could not ask a better service than the reprinting of that sermon of last October, wuich first brought upon me criticisms of the Tribune and Independent. I fore saw that iu the probable condition of parties and the country we would pot carry suffrage for the freedmen by immediate political action. When the »blest and most radical Congress of our history came together they re refused to give iufï'rage to the ne groes even in the District ôf Colum bia, and only in an indirect way, not 8B a political right, but as the hoped for result of political selfishness did they provide for it by an amendment of the constitution. What was prophecy with me Congress has made history. Relinquishing political instru ments for gaining the full enfran chisement of men, I instantly turned to moral means, and enunciating the broadest doctrine of manhood suf frage. I gave the widest latitude to that, advocating the right of black and white, of men and womeu to the vote. If any man has labored more openly, on a broader principle, and with more assiduity, 1 do not know him. More ability may have been shown, but no^ more directness of purpose, nor undeviating consist ency. 1 attribute the recent misun derstanding, in part, to the greater excitement which now exists; to the narrowing of the issues, and to the extreme exacerbation which Mr. Johnson's extraordinary and injudi cious speeches have produced. To this may be added my own indispo sition to join in criticism upon the President, and the fact that I urged a modified form of that policy which he, unfortunately for its success, holds. Upon Mr. Johnson's acces sion, I was supremely impressed with the couviction that tho whole problem of reconstruction would practically pivot on the harmony of Mr. Johnson and Congress. With that we could have secured every guarantee and every amendment of the constitution. Had a uuited Gov ernment said to the South, promptly backed up as it would have been by tho united North: "With slavery we must take out of the constitution whatever slavery put in, and put. in whatever slavery, for its own sup port, left out," there scarcely can bo doubt that long before -this the question would have been settled ; the basis of representation in the South conformed to that iu the North, and the principle the most funda mental and important of all might have been established in the consti tution ; namely, that manhood and full citiienftbip are identical. Such i ^t^hanTges required two things, I viz: Promptness and unity of coun sel. To secure these, I bent my whole strength. I urgyd the purga tion of the constitution. I reasoned against mutual distrust, and plead for unity of Governmental action. 1 did all that I knew how to do to confirm the President in his war be gotten zeal against slavery, to pre vent such suspicions and crimina tions as would tend to preserve in his mind his prejudices and bring on a relapse into his former hatred of Northern fanatics. 1 thought I un derstood his nature, aad the extreme dangers at such a critical time of irritating a proud, sensitive and pug nacious man of Southern sympathies, little in sympathy with Northeru feelings or ideas, and brought into the Tery leadership of those men and that train of principles which he had all his life hated and denounced. That he was sincere and tenacious would make the case all the more difficult. I thought I foresaw that a division between him and Congress would be the worst disaster that could befall us ; that the practical test of true statesmanship just then whh not to be found in theories or philosophies, however Bound, but in securing and confirming Mr. John son in his then dispositions. Upon the assembling of CongreBB, I went to Washington. I found Southern men lying prostrate before Mr. John son, and appealing to his tender heartedness, for he is a man of kind and tender heart, disarming his warm anger by utter submission. I found Northern men already uttering suspicions of his fidelity, and, con scious of power, threatening impeach ment. The men who seemed alive to his danger were unfortunately not those who had the management of affairs. Bad counsels prevailed. The North demanded and the South sued. We see the consequences. Long after I despaired of seeing the Presi dent and Congress harmonious, 1 felt it to be the duty of all good men to leave no influences untried to lessen the danger and to diminish the evils which are sure ft come should the President, rebounding from the Re publicans, be caught by* those men who were in sympathy and counsel with the South throughout th« war. shall not attempt to apportion blame where both sides erred. It is enough to say that unity secured at the seat of Government would have been a noble achievement of leader ship. Deeming the speedy admis sion of the Southern States as neces sary to their own health ; as indi rectly the best policy for the freed men ; as peculiarly needful to the safety of our Government, which, for the sake of accomplishing a good end, which incautious men are in ^ danger of perverting, I favored and do still fa ver the election to Con-1 gress of Republican» who will seek the early admission of thé reensant States. TBI BUTE OF BESPEC'T. At a. moating of tho Uerman Benevolent Society of Baton Bouge, held at their hall, on L»fay«tte*»treet, on Wejn««day and Tliurnday laut, the 12th and 18th inat., the following Beaoltttion, reported by CbarlM Betz, Edward Biedoll ancKJeorge Fletxor Committee, were adopted : WiiKRKAs. It hau boon tho will of onr Almighty Fathor to call our Brother*, J oiin B omohinosb and PsAifgoik Oit-Lio iiau , «'rom thin world to the higher ono; Jitiolved, That In tlie low« of our Broth er«. J ohn B okicuinokr and FsiNgoia G il - i.ioriAM, two active, uwsful and worthy member» of oar Society, we hnvo oauao for deep and unutterable aorrow, and for the tendering of our unfeigned aympathiea to the bertaved fa mi H oh and friend« who have been called to inoura those aad dit penaatioDM. 3D I 33 3D: In thia city, on Friday evening, tho 14th inot.. at the residence of Mr«. Greenwaldt, RAYMOND CÜÜSTEY, aged 8T year«. Ib thi» city, on Friday night, tho 14th ln«t., RONEINER l'FEIFFER—wife of Mchole» Michael—aged 47 year«,4 montha and 10 day«. In thi» city, on Saturday morning, th« lfith Inat., nt tho family reaidonce. CHARLES OLIVER TrBBITS, aged 34 year*. JYcw JidvertlHcmentn. STATE OD 1 LOUISIANA, I I 'Aumit or East Bator Komi*. / To Jotrjih Jfrphler, Clerk of the IHUrict Court of HiiiU I'arUh, Orietiny : A SPECIAL TKKM of the Dlatrlct Ooört In »ni for the aho»«-nam«d Parish of lîMt Union It uge, for the trill of Civil anil Criminal Caaea, la In-ruby ordered to t u hu^uo and bold at Court Ilounw thereof iva the t'lral IWonday of November next, to continu», If liualn«»« «hail reqlre, until the F ikrt M onday or DKOKMiir.it following. Vou will eau>e Juri«* to he drawn according to law, lo attend «aid term,and will alao give due and legal notice of thi* order. JiAToa Rui;ua, Auguat ilOlh, 11*60. [HignedJ lt. T. POSEY, Judge fifth Judicial District. A true oopy: t. At,LAIN, Septemb er 18th, 186 (1. Deputy Clerk. -A-_ JACKSON, TMIItD STREET, Near th« Corner of Laurel, BATON BOUGE, LA . Ouncral Dealer In WESTERN PRODUCE l'Imitation A Fninily Supplie«. DEALERS SUPPLIK» ON LIBERAL TERMS, Highest Prices Paid for Cottbn. *epl6 NEW MUSIC. SOlVUM—Leave ft I ah me! The land U our own Just Twenty To day, comic nong, Ifie The Year Its I I.« Heading, HOo Sing Ma the Song You ua«d to Hing, 80c The Soldier'« Grave. 36c The Willow to Her Obild, X&r Iriafrnmeiitnl. sterbe d'Amour. Maitirka Keritfmeiital, 85c TJlie Lily of the Valley, Maeurk* Elegante, GQc TU« -'City of Cairo," HohotHarh«, 60« Southern Tournament, Maaurka, SOe Woodland Kehn«, 40c !■ va i g-ilne Walla. 60« Coii uiolaim Galop 40o AI»o, a complet» naiortrneot of Mualcal Mer chnndla«, of «very deacription. Juat received « •epl8 HKKOMAX'B Bi".>K * MU810 DEPOT. Gin Stand and Wood for Kale. SKCOND«WAND (Jin Bland for Rile—Carver'« rrin'c#; itlffo, 1000 cord« of Woad, standing within thre» nul «s of a good lauding for lUatn boata Apply io neptl8 N. ». BBRMINGUAM Dr. Cannon's Cholera Mixture. A FEW BOTTI.ES of thia celebrated mediclue can he had at Fl HAL'S BOOK AND VARIETY STORE. BOptlS' ]0t. ARROW TIE. THR Painted Haoda and Arrow Tl'i.ar* a com plet» «ubatltute for Rop* In Haling Cotton, ttiey are much cheat er than Hope and can he had In quantitiee to ault purchaser« at aeptlS A. JACKSON BALING AND ROPE. Pf.ANTKKH In wantofagood article of India Bagging aod ttope, tac Und the aame at »eptlK A. JACKSON'S REMOVAL. TI1K UNDKRHIONKD bega leave to announce to bla frlerida and c .«tomera, that he ha« removed hi« Family aod Plantation Supply Store to Matta'a old atand, on Main at eet, adjoining the Advocate offlce, where he will be pleaaed to (111 order« for anyihlug in hi« line at «ueb rate« that will give entire «atlafactlon «epti» JULIU8 C BOGKt. Fresh Arrivals-Sept. 14th, 1866. FLOUK ! FLOCK ! !—Families in wantof a good article of New Flour, cau find the nam« at «eptlâ A. JACKSON'S FORK ! PORK! I—25 barrel/4 heavy Meaj Pork, for Bale low for cauh at »eptlö A. JACKSON'S CHEKHK! CITkE.SK!!—Ju«t received per St'r Forsyth, a choice lot of Weatero Cheese. *«PU5 A. JACKHOVS SOAP AND CANDLES !— Familie« supplied with St. Louis (ierniau fcoap and Star Candles, low 'or caah at «eptl5 A. JACKSON'S BRANDY! BRANDT! !-Ihaveafew bottle« of French JSrandy, for medical use, at A. JACKSON'S aeptlô WHISKY I WHISKY I!—I havein storoa lot of Weatern Whlnky. The trade supplied below New Orkan« price« at septlô A. JACKSON'S COTTON ! COTTON ! .'—The hlgbeat caah price« paid for cotton at «eptlö A. JACKSON'S T AGER BEER! LAGER BEEK!!— I am pre X j pared to supply famli iea with a choice article of Lager, at Two Dollar« per dozen bottles. *ept8 JULIUS 0. BOGEL. ; SUNDRIES.! SUNDRIES ! WMgï •20 barrel« Plast'« )>«t de. 6 .. Iowa Onttfm. ! s«. If. .. Wo-liwoe Potato«. (1 tub* Clinic« flutter. 1000 pounda Choice H. 0. 0. Haina. 2000 .. Clear Hide« and flhoutderai, . 200 bag« White and Yellow Oora. * »0 .. Freali Rran. 100 .. Choice (lata. 12 barrel« heavy Men Pork. 16 keg« l.ard. ß barrel« lleflned Coal Oil. 10 boxe« 8t» r Candle«. 40 ,. A«aort"d Soap». 800 pftuadii Wafhtng Soda, fl ifr| l »n l V n 1Iorae Collar«; 1000 yard« O^tt^Ragglng. 10 oolla Haling Rope. 1000 pound* "Arrow 1 ' Iren Tief. ^00 .. Baling, Twtae, Ae, #e. Juat received and for ule at rnrrnnt rat«« by MP«» JOSHUA DEAL. Jit the JYews Mfepot, AT Till I»OBT OJFrFIOE, •—MAT BE IUD- The Latest Weekly Newspapers, PERIODICALS, MONTHLY MA OA ZI IVEN, HOVELS, SCHOOL BOOK«, STATIONERY, •eptS <tc., <ftj. DEMOREST'S LADY'S MAGAZINE —roR— KKPTKIKBKH, t « « « . FRANK LESLIE'S LADY'S MAGAZINE —roa— HKPTKHBRU, 1*0». HARPER'S MAGAZINE MRPTK MBKft, IN AO. EVERY SATURDAY, A MiaA-xi.fi or EiiatJla LrTKUTtma, KROM BRITISH PAPHK8 AND PERIODICALS. JVHT »actif ID AT BEAL'8 BOOK AND VARIETY STORE, augÇR Comer Thirl and Convention St«. DEMOREST'S LADY'S MAGAZINE —TO*— SKPTKMBKH, IMOO. THE OATHOL'IC WORLD —roa— HRPTKHBKR, IS 0 0. FRANK LESLIE'S LAL>Y'8 MAGAZINE —»01— MK PT1CMBKK, 1*0A, —At HEROMAN'S BOOK & MUSIC DEPOT, ^ang28 Corner Chttrch and Cinrida St«. PETERSON'S LADY'S BOOK —FOB— OCTUBKtt, 1*00, —At— eepll HKKOMAN'S BOOK A MÜSIO DKPOT. THE ECLECTIC MAGAZINE — VOR— NKPTKHHKtt, 1*00, —At- y «epl HKROMAN'H ROOK A MU8T0 DEPOT. THE OI.D GUARD, — »OK— ' ! SEPTEMBER, 1*00, -At— «»ptl HKKOMAN'S BOOK A MUSIC DEPOT. GODEY'H JLADY'S BOOK, 70S S E 1' T E 1TI B E 11 18««, —At— BEAL'8 BOOK AND VARIETY STORE. QODEY'8 LADY'S BOOK, — voit— I ■ . SEPTEMBER, 186 0, Just received at HERO MAN'S BOOK & MUSIC DEPOT . CRESCENT MONTHLY, —Kia— KKITEMBEH, 1*0«, —At— HEROMAN'S BOOK & MUSIC STORE, septS Corner Church and Florida Sts. "OUR HOUSE." FKOM and after thi# date, Mr. Joot.mi Hohl« has an interest in thia establishment. The business will be carried on under the name and style of ALLEN A HOSLE. U ato k P. oca I, July 10th, 1860. JYeiv Hooka. SOUTHERN GEXKBALS—Their LlvesandCam paign«, by William Parker Snow. WOMEN Of THE HOUT1I—dixtlngulsh«* In literature Just receitrrd at «epll HEKOMAN'S BOOK t MUSIC WPOT. French Candie» , A'c. A LABOE aiiortmeot of tine French Caodi»« ' Chocolate, Ac., from Maillant'« Jnst re ceived from Äe» York, per «tramer Mi*«I»ai|>pi. ■■ Kor «ale. wholesale or retail, by WM. HENDERSON, sep4 Corner Boulevard and Third St«. L1JKE! LIME! ! (YK BARRELS LIME, in «tors and for sale bw i O to*;» JOSHUA BBAL.