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THIE PLANTERS' BANNER.
YeVO , 1y.. FRANKLIN, ST. MARY'S PARISH, LOI:ISIANA, MAY 31, 149. i.o. !*. PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY BY DANIEL DENNETT. TERMS: Thee Dollars per annum, payable in advance Fixe Dollars, at the expiration o the year. Advertisements and notices in the Banner will be published Three months, except when the law, custom, or the person advertising specities the time. Candidates for offeice will be required to pay in advance for their announcement. All advertising and job work payable as soon as completed ; and ten per cent will be deducted from all bills that are paid to the publisher per sonally, when due. Be kind. Be kind to thy father, for when thou wast young, Who loved thee so fondly as he ! He caught the first accents that fell from thy tongue, And joined in thy innocent glee. Be kind to thy lather for now be is old, His locks intermingled with gray; His footsteps are feeble, once tearless and bold ; Thy father is passing away. Be kind to thy mother, for lo ! on her brow, May traces of sorrow he seen ; 0! well m.ay'st thou cherish and comfort her now, For loving and kind hbr she been. Remember thy mother-w.r thee she will pray, As long as God giveth her breath; With accents of kindness, then, cheer her lone way, E'en to the dark valley of death. Be kind to thy brother-his heart will have dearth, If the smile of thy joy he withdrawn; The flowers of fee.ing will 1±de at their birth, If the dewv of affection be gone. Be kind to your hrothei-whoever you are ; The love of a brtlher shall bei An ornament purer and richer by far, Than pearls fronm the depth ot the sea. Be kind to thy sister-not malny may know, Thedepth of true sisterly lve ; The weallh of the ocean lies fathoms below The surface that spat k, s above. Thy kindness shall bring to thee many sweet; hours, And blessing thy pathway to crown ; Affect:on shall weave thee a gartand of tlfwers Mlore pleasant than wealth or renown. Ta ('rIT oF SAN FAxrctsco.-ln the Alta Californian (publisbed in San Francisco) of 1Pemwus Ist, an iniernsting account is given of, the ity of San Fraacisco: In June, 1847, it contained four hundred and; My.-nine souls. In the previous year thisti hosses were built, and laborers received fromu: two to three dollars per day. In July and .\u. gst edllowing, thirty-eight houses were er: ected.' aI March, i44~. the. population hal increas-ed tonight hundred and twelve (white-), lbaing an increase of one hundred per cent. i: eight! months. In April, 1848, the people were gold struck,; and the whole population rushed to the mines. licksess having broken out in the mines, they; wese nearly deserted in August and September, aad the people crowded to San Francisco, and business began to revive. In November, when the fruits of the miners' labor began to le reap ed, San Francisco began to lengthen her strides to prosperity and greatness. Other advantages are claimed for the town. it is said to possess the safest, largest and must accessible harbor on the whole coast. Tbel sitation of the town is picturesque, and only; four miles Irom the sea. They bay of San Francisco is navigable for medium sized ves-! sels, as are also the Sacramento and San Joa. qujp. The climate is healthy The popula. lion has ncreased since March last to about two thousand souls. IcaJ estate has ,isen in value from one hundred to one thousand per cent. The export of gukld dust since May last is sup-1 posed to exceed twomillions. The importation of o.o for the purchase of gold dust in 164d, amounted probably to one million of dollars. The imaports of merchandise for the same period were equal is value to sne million of dollars. The duties collected in 1848 asounted to $196. 74 f. 'The anumber of buildings erected in Syear 1849 were more than fifty. Passen. in auivilng by sea one thousand. 2 sro a mirr Dzucorvu ir Vouiwac Elrz -i 'e-- Luedone 8. contains an ac. count of wonemi ul discoveries in animal elec. tricity by Mr. Alred Smee, Surgeou to the Bank of England. The Sun says :-"by a test, rhic: he terms electro-vultaic, be has sat Itstd himqjfdthat,tbe terminations of the sen. *er serves are positive poles of a voltaic circuit, wil the muscular substance is the negative. The sensor nerves are the telegraphs which arry the seasation to the brain, and the motor -nes carry back the volition to the muscles. The brain.he inmers to consist of five distinct vokaic circles, which, upon theoretical grounds e, believes to be suient to account for all rdt pbheaop enar. Mr. S&ee has succeeded making artificial electric fish, and artificial mus. -ala s-seae"I T.e Lodon Correspondent of the N. Y. Cotmeweil Adv ertiser states, that a case o serin has'beer published in this moath's -mber of a quartse journal called the Zist, bi le h ins resulted i the rstoration to sight dra person who has been blind 26 years. The patiest was a poor womw 45 years of age, and st-urm ssmriter was the wile of one who is !t'am'i e uery highe4 in virtue, talent and rank in our country." The correspondent says Sb.t wheoem- amy he thought of the deails, . d masehqin er msuetijnable, asefart a d ela esesemsued." j [ From the National Intelligencer.] A NEW BARGAIN. The Free Soilers, so called, of the Western Reserve of Ohio, have a: a late convention held at Cleveland, made an assignment of all their !stock in trade in favor of the new tirm, which is to gn by the name of The Free Democracy. The convention is styled, in the report of its proceedings. the ''Convention of the Free Dem oeracy." and we are indebted te the Cleveland Herald for the following insight into the process' of conversion of the good.will of the A.postate IWhigs of that part of Ohio to the benefit of a Free Democracyrt : I "Yesterday [May 2] was the day fixed upon by those who have heretofore had the destinies I of the some time Free S. ii Party in their keep. ing for a review of the proigress of the great principles lying at the bottom of their organiza. tion, and for a re.examination of the planking of the Buffalo Platform. To this eventful day. with much anxiety, had the two wings of this party been for a long time looking. in thei morning the convention organized, and aplpoin. ted a committee on resolution-, at the head of which was the honorable Mr. Giddings. Upon the re.assembling of the convention in the atf ternoon the report of this committee was read, accepted and adopted. By design, as it after-j wards appeared from the statements of Mr. Gid.! dings, the terms Free Soilers' and 'Free De mo. eracy' had both been used in the course ofthese[ resolutions. The first. however, grated uponi the ear of Dr. Finney, and be moved to recon-1 sider the vote on the adoption of the resolutions,. for the purpose ol having them expurgated, and the term Free Democracy' substituted for that of 'Free Soilers' whenever the same occurred. The motion, by a pretty close vote. ftiled. ''he!' Doctor, however was not to e battfled thus: hel' immediately moved that the Secretary be instruce. ted t", report the resolutions for publication, with!' 'the substitutions made as above indicated, andsl' as the proceedings of the 'Free Democracy." This gave rise to some sparring between IhebI brethren of the 'Free' household. Gidd ngs was,' for harmony anti conciliation ; llucheock for thel latter clause ofthe motion; Atkins tor the whole;!t and Brigas desired the Doctor to remember thati' they could not consent to yield everything.i' The Doctor was tart, and very much disposed ton, push the Whig Free Soilers to the wall. The,t vote was at length taken, and the Doctors were ' triumphant. Fromn that moment thenceforth 'I the "Free Snil'party was no more. its existences' tbeing merged in the 'Free Democracy.'" 'This convention then solemnly resolved] amongst other things, as follows: "T'hat the Free Democrats of the Weserll 'Reserve will Br.ly adhere to the principles' -prehlaimed at Buffalo, August 10 1848, and at.' 'Columbus, December 29, 1148. *"That, discarding all alliance with any other t -'party, we will court an union with all ment' "upon those principles for the sake of freedom." t It mtust he a source of siarcete satisfaetioo to Tall true friends of the Constitution, that these 'persons, who ahandone*d the Whig party and its I pi inciples at (andl fr some time before) the late I Presidential Election, have at length thrown ofit. all disgflie. openly renounced the name of, Wino, "discarded" all alliance with any other' party than the *Democtacy.' and, with a dis titution of principle without precedent in the his.j tory of parties in our day, cast out their net to catch all men of any principles whatever who will join them upon theirs. "We will court an union," says their resolution, "with all men up on these principles." "The following resolution shows that the real object of the new Coalition is to unite with the Coalition of an opposite complexion in the com. mon purpose ofembarrassing, and finally over throwing. the present Whig Administration : "Resolced, That, as eternal vigilance is the "price of liberty, we will trust no man who is "not openly and arostedly, in act and word fbr "freedom, and that we cgnnot under thest cir. cumstances support any party, or President of any party, who is not thus open and decided." ' The Italics of the above resolution are cop ied from the official account of the proceedings. From brazen proclamation offiactious motives for the re.haptism of tbese partisans calling them. selves "Free Suilers" in Ohio, it is plain that if ',I'rtoa desires the support of those men for his administration, he must become not only in his heart, hut "outwardly"and 'in act and word," la Abotlitiea.. President TAY.LO will, we have no duubk, this proposition to him to aban doa his colors and surrender the principles of the Constitution, (which he has sworn befre the whole People to preserve. protect, and de. feind.) meply in the same spirit as he dad to the stnmomo o(8rAra AnN on the field of Buena Vista. He will"beg leave to decline acceding to their request" toa surrender either his poet or his principles "at dirretion." C. oILa in YAzoo CITY.- We regret to learn, says the Vicksburg Seantiel, that this dread disease is still prevailing with great fa tality in the adjacent counties and parishes. At Yazoo City the cases have been very nu. .meroas and violent, and we learn that there were .ix or seven deaths a day for several days ot last week. This is equal to three times the number here, or to 450 a day at New Orleans. Mayor Phillips, at the bend above Yaszo City, has lost 23 negroes, 18 of the number field hands, out of a torce of about 150. , r C. F. lamer, on the Y.zoo, has lost seven or eight, and several other planters a proportionate num her. At Milliken's Bend, '2 miles above this city, and on several plantations in the vicinity, the disease has been qally fatal. CRoLraaa AT CINCIKATI.* Cicinnati, may 9. Our city is in a great state ofexciement in cosequ enca of the re.aposerante in our midst uftbat dreadful scurge, the cholera. In order to allay public apprehension, the Bnard Health bhae issued a bulletia, from which it appears that doring the last twenty.our hours,, there were 5 c ue, dLlera, 6 of which ter. palited tially. GENTLE WORDS- LOVIlG SMILES. The sun may warm the grass to light, The'dew the drooping flower, And eyes grow bright and wtch the light Of Autumn's opening hour But words that breathe of tenderness, And smiles we know are true, Are warmer than the summer time, And brighter than the dew. It is not much the world can give, With all its subtle art, And gold and gems are not the things To satisfy the heart: But 0, if those who cluster round The altar and the hearth, have gentle words and loving smiles, How beautiful is earth ! LINES BY ONE OF THE B'HOYS TO 1115 LADY LOVE It' we should at the altar stand And there our vows enjoin, Holding each other by the hand, I'd say it was "oDE FOIN !" Andmwhen the reverend sire should say "My son take thou this daughter ?" I'd answer him in learless tone, "1 shant do nothing shorter !" Will you my son support and nourish This flower I give to thee ?" I'd give my hbite kid Pioves a flourish, And answer "YES SIR-EE !" The Latest Imposition.--Most of the New York papers hare of late contained notices of the strange animal captured on the mountains olf California by Col. Fremont, and for which naturalists have been unable to find a name. I he nondescript, which is said to be made up uofpalcs resembling the boise, camel, buffalo, elephant and deer, has been on exhibition in N. yurk for several weeks past, and has been seen by thiousands-the ed.ior of the Courier says he will not paclend to guess how many thousands -at tweuty.live cents a head. It now appears that the *'Calitornia Nondescript" is nothing more nor less than a rery comtnnJu horse, with some disease of the skin, ahich changes his coat. To make it more attractive, the hair of the inane and iail has been pulled out, which gives it the .neck of the deer and tail of the ele. phant. The animual never saw the mountains ofl Califounia.-Er. IEsUFCL MIORTALItT.-lhe most fearful in. stance l" mortality caused by the cholera that1l has ever come to our knowledge, says the Nat.,I cbez Courier, occurred on the ulantation of Mr. James Miller, Waterproot, La., during the past I few dais. We have been credibiy informed I that thirty-niue out of'f rty negroes on the plan. tation have dted ! I ho disease entirely batfed medical skill-medicine would out act at all -a hearty negro would be taken slightly ill, vomiting would shortly ensue, +without any purging, and in t-wo or three hours the poor ne. gro would be cold and dead. There is some. thinlg certainly very singular about the terrific ianutality on this plant sion, which we hope may be elucidated by those skilled in the dis. ease. A VIRGIuIA BLUE LAw.-Among the Acts passed at the Grand Assembly at Virginia, held at "Jamnes Cittie," in the year 1661. was the following : "'Woumen causing scandalous suits, to be ducked." "Whereas, oftentimes many babbling wo. men slander and scandalize their neighbors, for which their poore husbands are brought in. to chargeable and vexatious suites, and caste in great damages. "Be it therefore enacted by authority afore said, That in actions of slander occasioned by the wife, as aforesaid, alter judgment passed for the damages, the woman shall be punished by ducking : and if the slander be so enormous as to be adjudged at a greater damage than five hun. dred pmounds of tobacco, then the woman to suf. fer ducktng for every live hundred pounds of 1'o hacco, adjudged against the husband, if he re. I,>es to pay the tobacco." Itioi o.oUs. -I,. H. Howard, late postmaster at Sheboygan, Wisconsin, has started for Cali frnis, in a boat wagon of his own construction. The box of the wagon is a boat, set on steel springs, the whole of which is covered with oi: cloth, making a!very comfortable house. The establishment is so arranged that, upon reaching) a river, the running gears of the wagon can be unshipped in a few minutes, and taken aboard the boat while crossing the stream. This is decidedly the best overland outfit we have no ticed.-Ex. An elopement of a merchant's daughter with her father's mulatto clerk, is reported in New York ; before they were married she wai over bauled by her friends. Another case is that oft a young white girl, who eloped with an old, ug. ly, married negro; she cannot be found. A sailor, calling upon a Liverpool goldrsmith, Baked him what might be the value of an ingot of gold as bid as his armr. The shopkeeper beckoned him in a back room, and primed him with grog. He then asked to see the ingot. 'Oh," said Jack, "I havn't got it yet, but I'm, going to Calif rny. and would like to know the value of such a lump before I start." 'I'he jeweller started him out of the shop. O r A British naval oplcer, a prisoner o Commodore Mardonougb, said to a woman in Burlington, that the only way the Yankees gain ed victories, was by skulking behindlstumps and trees ; that they were afraid to Rcome out in open fight; to which the woman observed, "Were there stuups and trees o tAs lakes ?" 0 A pIgentlem observed to his wife, tha she was beautihfl, youthful, plentiful, and an arm. Sal. THE STATE OF .MAINE. [From h:w National Intelligencer.] V:lER Gooo.--The Portland Argus sivs; "We have the laige.t rivers, the best timber, the noblest ships, the longest coast, the hand soinest women, the ruddiest children, and the stanchest demoucat. in the Union." I'his is in .answer to the remark of a New York editor that ' "Maine produces nothing but pure gran.te.' 'If the Argus had said also that Maine has suome' fot the"stanchest" Whigs in thelUnion-whicb; as the truth--it would have added to her list oft1 olexcellences.-[Bostun Courier. The above paragraph recalls our attention to a subject on which we had already meditated a: few brief remarks. The people of South of Mason and Dixon's1 line, and many elsewhere, know very litle oti the present State of Maine, and still less of its; rapidity growing importance. Its position, in a'l commnercial point of view, at this hour, is most extraorlinary and commanding.- 1\ e beg the attention of the reader for a moment to a few ' statistics derived from the annual report on corn- . imerce and navigation just publisbhed, which will i surprise every one, esen those who are lamll. I 'iar with these subjects, and place in a striking light the remarkable relation which Maine bears!i to she commerce and navigation of the countly. I It will be seen that Maine is taking the lead in the gigantic strides of this nation to cummner cial supremacy. That she is in truth the c,orn.! mercial State of this Confederacy, and is at this moinein: furnishing those addituons to our iner- I canille navy which ate swelling it beyond all I tfhrmer example, and rapidly extending it to a point where it will know no rival, as it now fsars no competitor. It is owing to Mlzine, in a , most remarkable degree, as the lhcts we are:I about to state will show, that the increase of!1 our tonnage stands out in such bold reliet before ( the world, and that our ships lie at the door of , every nation and people, all ever the globe, ready I to tetch and carry every commodity ot commerce.', it is owing to Maine, in an especial manner, that our commercial career bids fair to eclipse that': of every nation that has ever existed, anti makes I us now amongst the cheapest and swiftest car. I riers on the ocean. Maine, by so many sup.I posed to be buried one half of the year in snow,. and the other halt'in fog, does today occupy a I position more remarkable in a comiercial pointl I of view th.n that of any other State in this Un.'I ion. And such are her resources that this po. I .ition must be maintained, and become morel striking and conspicuous at each successive year I for a long period yet to come. She is destined to reach a commercial pre.emin,-ce .hitherto unexampled. And until in lapse of ages, some' great unforeseen revolution in commerce shall perhaps occur, she will maintain it. She leans her broad bosom against the Atlantic, and through a thousand channels sends down her clear granite waters to meet and embrace its eternal surges. Their commingled flow eddy, in a thousand inviting harbors, unsurpassed in' rugged beauty, in capacity and security. These constitute her unchangeable characteristics, anal point out her inevitable destiny. Her natural position and advantages are such as to make her defy competition. and to enable her to maintain against the world the appellation of great coin. mercial State. The report of the Register of tho Treasury, to I which we have alluded, shows that the amount of tonnage built in the year ending June 30, `1848, was 318,075 tons. An inspection of the tables leads to the conclusion that upwards of, a hundred thousand tons were river craft, such as steamers, sloops, flatboats, &c.; leaving not much over 300,000 tons added to the external, commerce of the country within the year. Of1, tbhis, Maine furnished 9tt,000 tons, or almostl one half. Massachusetts furnished forty thous and tons, and New York about as much, aliern deducting her contributions to the interior avi gation of that State. But a more striking fiact is, that the whole number of ships, barks and ,brigs built is 428, of which Maine surnished 248, while all the other States together furnished buti .)180. Now, it will be remembered that these! . three classes of vessels are alone engaged in our . foreign trade. Thus the important fact is disclo. sed that Maine contributes almost three.fifths of! the entire annual additions to our shipping c t, gaged in foreign commerce, and nearly one-half ,f all the additions to the whole external com-. nerce ofthe country. We need add nothingtol I his statement to show that we have not unduly Snagnified the commanding position of Maine in .ier relations to the navigationt interests of the ;country. The tabular statements of this document also show that the tonnage of the country now amounts to 3,154,041 tons. Of this New York owns 845,7J4 tons, (of which, however a con siderable portion is engaged in her interior nav. igation,) Massachusetts 622,579 tons, and Maine, which in 1830 owned less than 150,. 000 tons, owns now 452,321 tons. These three States owning about one half of all thei tonnage of the coqutry. They also show that one single county in. Maine, (Lincoln), composing not the whole oft one Congressional District, owes 190,000 tons, of shipping; which is, with the exception of, Boston, more than is owned by any Congres. sional District in the Union; New Bedord, Philadelphia and Baltimore not excepted. New Orleans has a greater show of tonnage, but a very large portion of it is river craft ; and New York herself not owning so much to each re. prescntative district, when divided among her four representatives, as this one county in the State of Mamne. Tuisoas o. CicwCIwarI.--Ih an affray at Cincinnati, on the 7th Michael Donnevan was+ killed by T'ravi D. Hayman, with a stone, John! Brasber was killed by a shot from Jesse Joues, I notorious, while attempting to arrest him; and a man named Martel decoyed John Owens to an out of the way place, and attempted to shoot him. Two or three other brutal outrages and) Ights arc also given. M31.RRIED rs. BURIED.-A clergyman, who had in the lottery of matrimony drawn a share that proved, to him worse than blank, was just experiencing a severe sco'ding frotm his Xan. Lippe. when he wa called upon to unitea pair in the blessed state of wedlock. The poor par. son, actuated by his own feelings and experi. ence rather than by a sense of his canonical duties, o,ened the book, and began : Man that is born of a woman hath but a short time to live. and is full of trouble," etc., repeating a part of the burial service. Theastonished trideganom exclaimed, "Sir, sir ! you mistakel I came here to be married, not buried." "Well," re plied the cl.ergyman. "if you insist upon it, I am obliged to marry you ; buI I believe, my friends. iou had better be buried .'" llIe .:.RevAssEs along the coast, says the Point Coupee Echo, presenlt a truly deplorable spec. tacle. West Baton Rouge inundated from the lower mouth of False lhRer down to the plan. tation jol Mr. Iulhler, a distance of some filteen 'to tacenlty miles. The crevasse at BruiA Lan. ding cover- a vast eitent ,of country ; dwelling hotuss and su;ar houses almost invisible, with the exceution of the roof and chitmune.' Those in the parish of Ascension have been stopped by the determined energy of the inhabitants, al. though not less formidable in their commence ment than those now in successful operation. T'Inl: NEW CotM'MI8ONEe OF PAT.s2S.- .The I'Wahi.ngtoni [hhig' thus remarks upon the ap pauitnent of 'l'humas Lwbank, ofNew York to Ihe Commnissioner of Patents, in the place ot :.dmn.ulld Burke, ramoved. .Mr. Ewbauk is a gentleman, whom the sci entific world will, with one accord, pronounce to be a most fit person for this important post. A better mrn could not have been found iu the cwin~,ry ; ndehed, we question a hether so thor. oughly qualified a scholar could have been se lected. We congratulate all those who have to do with this otlice upon their good thrtune. They will have ample cause to be thankful to an administration, that has so bolJly entrusted their peculiar business to a man so peculiarly titte l to dojustice to it. THE GOLD DOLLAR.-'IThe Philadelphia pa pers announce the appearanceol the Gold Dol lar which has just been issued ifrom the Mint in that city. They describe it as a very neat and beautiful coin, about the thickness of a live cent piece but considerably smaller in size. On one side is a head of the Goddess of Liberty sur rounded by stars, and on the obverse a wreath enclosing the inscription: "1 Dollar 1849." Outside the wreath are the words "United States of America." A NUTr; Fo T, AolUTIoNws.-lMr. Sol onRobinson.ofNew York, the agricultural writer who has been making a tour through the south, in a late letter to the .~usccgee Deuamcrat, gives the fMllowing undoubted fact as to the result of his extensive observation; "As I progress, I 'continue to be still stronger impressed with the Iheliefthat no lab ,ring population are so well off as the negroes of the entire south." It is stated in one of the papers that there are 1,500,000 persons in the .United States who abstain from spirituous liquors ; 5,000 temper ance societies, embracing more than 600,000 members. ,More than 2.000 distilleries have been stopped, more than 5,000 merchants have ceased from the traffic. It is estimated that 330,000 persons are now sober who, had it not been ITr the temperance societies, would have ieen sots; and that at least 20.000 familaes are now at ea.e and comtort who would otherwise have been in poverty and disgrace by drunken inmates. DIVISIO OF LABOM.-A certain preacher who was holding foeth to a somewhat wearied -congregation, liited up his eyes to the gallery, ,and beheld his son pelting the people below with chestnuts. Dominie was about to admin. ister, ez catlledra, a sharp and stringent repri mand for this flagrant act of impiety and dis. lrespect, but the youth anticipating him, bawled ,out at the top of his voice: " You mind the preaching, daddy and I'll keep them awake !', The scene that ensued may be safely left to the imagination. THE WATER AND THE STREETs.-Tbhe a ter in the inundated potti..ns of the city, gradu. ally extended its approaches towards the river, yesterday ; and we fear, from the increase vol. utne of water now passing through the crevasse, that many streets which were passable yester day, will be completely submerged before 12 o'clock to-day.-Delta May 24th. NAVAL TAI'ACTICs.A captain one of the old school, being at a ball, had been accepted by a partner, a lady of ranl,, who, in the most deli cate manner poubibie, hinted to him the propri. ety of putting on a pair of gloves. "Oh !" was the elegant reply. --never mind me, ma'am : I shall ash my hands w.-hrn Ie done dancing." --English paper S.le BUILDI.o IN MAla..-The trewbu. ryport Herald states than in the year ending June 30th 1848, there were buiL: in the State uofMaine, four hundred and twenty-eight ships. barks and brigs, in the aggregate amounting to nearly 90,000 tons, and yet she has no natural advantages over other sea-board States for this business. She draws the oak which is used from Virginia and the pine from Georgia. The Bath ship.builders have a thousand men now in Virginia getting out ;oak timber, and as many more in Georgia cutting pine. IlnuzAos.--Mr. Root Smith, aged 82, hai marrie.l Miss Sally Willis, aged 83. '"There swims no goose so gray, hut soon or late, Sheo Bds some gander for her mate."