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STHE PLANTERS' BANNER.
VAL, .l. FRANKLIN, ST. MARY'S PARISH, LOUISIANA, AUGUST 23, 1849. o. 31. U IS8HISt EVERY THURSDAY 8Y DAIIP L DbNIBTT. TERMS": fit. Dolars per annum, payable in advace,; Aim Dollar, at the epihsbon of the year. Adverlesments and notices in the Bander wil be published Tree monurs, except wxen the w, emstoal or the person advertising specifies -be tnie. Csaditees fo office will be requitred to pay -..dvase obr their aanouncment. Al advr.tisiug and job work payable as soon as completed ; and ten per cot will be deducted - o all bills that are pal&to the publisher per sosajy, when due. 8IY-LAWS FRANKLIN IOU. AUICIN Y 1.-Mnhvos: Sectiom 1. This Division shall meet every Wednesday evening ma 7 'dock frm the20th Sahsr to the 20th Maurch,and halfpst 7 ,e hemfia the 20th Mvtcb to the 20th S&p. Lsmohr. The Division shell come to order at the tuns apiuted. In the absence af the W., P. and W. A.the senior P. W. P. shall A.uciz. Ui.-Iqsririoir Faas. Becle. I. The iitiation fee of this Ditisiom skull beeas molows. yin: for all permo up to, med iahainlg the age ofit TearV, five Eothns t sho os My: to fy five years, on. dllar in ad. Mimsr sevgyear, to be pidon the aigh of le refire hkdiatiee. Bea. 2. Any brether awisu a withmkl~mr ued fu say sepag r DJvlsum ofihe Order, y be eitetsd 1.1 this Diviuomn aSer depusiting i06ad, and being bdeed ter,, s in ease of a as- er bheemimg a member, oe paying tea Welhesuimlitedtoe fee. ee. s. giery applcation for admissia irk' m this Divisima wh be aceummmie4 by the satwo dolars. afi ltaI t-he Caudhi he iLradus4 th ewe shll he returned to bsho t h Wfi e kS h it el b e plled ia put e annid Olt his imbishu lee ad daid abe eaad[Ir "ow hi..L(r tr idiatiem , sin Mrse bentr his elsctive geldi amma shall he hnritaed' to the Division, sad std candidate remai nife bad meyer buss Muied far. The regular dues of V~il Divuwe shall +!tea~ coesper we.k. 13s ar t I. N c. i V iI~r e.ýs a e nililed to t hemelus M ie be I hdto hufMenm a. tsmey oej year, ! shell hvew paid mhm years dues is ad. avore. flbleex . LM 3 w w bvt- sril beplitied asr r be$J .e ý and Sy.Laws fif t·r l '' r it Woe Caefteismem ofda hU9, beemtkieuet W ,st ierkty, the mum oil fmutlm~eEa~oell,hasbevwiem sack lesitime - Uirkyto tmr bessg k ee by hue e*al. member f this iviim o " i. leltuuamsi thie m deb, salal no he pditilegad w~dwe4m dy ne~sber belt. e frDl. 'Mm;" l' bi mbrr ket, ei the flash ES bfrs 4 b~r IS.' o thbel pthfte am hoc·':-4L~. lies im *'.eis, ttllitifrlt NNW itrset~retfei~r egibM lhsli ilie for uase wmis 'ir tiIir · 'b u Mtb .1gMrr to vamdee I t & o lr s h S s s br S C l tlka h~4l I t m hame b it~& 1RP.sw 40mueWU et hisefars, euuutilsdhby aeod'aEp a a vmaer himeespY *rwssdsd me th sise - may direct. r A~r.. r. - . '" -- Sem kinmmmmbs " : uiet sI he blmamil thtir Phiek -hslet f~ b.senks` ds pmaa ýium Ismieete eseqlemi by ANdeVj AIL ýr lt'-ýtttw~ttreee -nrrc __ - - be" oii ~udrr CI .ro~y-I-, ess on account, of pecular circumtaes con meeted with th cae or he distance of the sick brother from the Division tcan be plainly dem.I onstrated that their duty as Brothers ad Sors Temperance doe not rere them to do so) and if he be etitled to bee8b, to report the same! the Division, sad the faverable report of the1 Visiting Conmelate shall emide the sick brotb er to seckb mealts as are pl ided by the Con. stitution and By.wns. Aurics XI.-CoxrrarEs oi cowarp arsd On the night of his instalaion the W. P salll appoint a committee of thW brothers, whose, duty it shall be to receive complaints from any brother gainst any member ( the Division sall carefully examine the' sae andI p " and consistent with the welfare of the D:-. they shall beMsutled privately but if'the mittee and plier concerned nndn T a.e 7 complaints s tbe laid before t*e bhe Committee for such action is the Constitua tion in such case directs. Anner.l XIl.-Auarmno tom trnr . The W. P. shall, on the niglt of his install. Ltioo, appoint three members w a Committee, whose duty it shall be to audit he accounts ofi the T. and F. 8. as to receipt and espendi. I tures and report at the men me4ng. A Comn. mitte consisting of three memsb shall be elec-II ted by the Division on the ani the install., tion of officers, whose duty it slh be to audit all bills or accounts which may brought be. I fore the Division ad report at thet meein sfersrference. No bill shll be by ther .il without having frst passed this 'tee, -. les b a two third vote of the Di at a reg u.ar meeting. Arrrccs XIII - mSrn.ta Co All Committees appointed for purpei ases AsaUepert their doings in to the Divisis, signed by a majo rify, no pers a shall be apointe Chairamn of e(ay uniss be be present at the te of appoint. Anrroct XIV. All reludios shall be submitted writing and signed by the brother sae , when reired by the presiding . No u etio shta i enteraL tained while a is ac mnder deb , unless it be to deferi r.I ion, to amed or to a.jour. *ayicra ZV.-Rac-neasoD armton oI . s No amtioa for reconmidereio s 'of passed, en be entertalesd, esaase mande and monadl by members who voted r said eve.. n... Anmessi XVI.--a veo s arse r e Neo.io sheoill bQopen for aseesadeand all desulory or rwse shall he precluded. No member t) Imo tm twite upow the sameu by pemn of the W. P.; nor any mmLer be ianterrupted while speaki , i) the epianion o.e W. P., his p we ssigs to th subjeat ader debsre. As p th . sXVI-m,, an PdsdU Sesle.r 1.. Ay botsher reseiving fem the Divisism, who my be fuaed ' threon.by Sfigning assens or disabi be Seed, saupsnded er espelem, as t.he be .eraeese t a .my daedsoie. imn no case to be ie.s *alt~ t pm tdf Sto eyuieeo a t mnes*dtb W. P. wihe w OW6% or me.eahdmots *ms4deeduus ormembsra of this abe subject to a lne saiaoeseinq sun ladre t afml every 4ece. tny oawe ie or out fthi a B .hahehnges gaihsl balhe ,, he is 1 a1 purapenr sh ap ie* pssiiiuistby ehmusne: floe sbjet hinf ass ess than o as. ., Amy! bo wire.a or spay des ens.nt d. Dit Pa-e a . s ia the Misii w 8sp.#. J( aI m eay er~j ams [ek a mmip shipe.mrs i iy shtE me aSl imieLws, whinhakel41 sanda ' tttt lt 7te drr wa aItl ts es n . . r am 148 .sla Abu rleo rr e LiJii~~L~" tros. di DMiVeVoC qrbs beci bles. ,baqi iat hi s boc& i her ý "he a..., Y~k~Yblw t~ .pbhb ooJ os.:ýb, sw` . tI - *-- inea me ine ~~~. he beem . r.. aa*.... g. 4. " i.. z r· ' Sec. 2. The members shall assemble at the k Division Room, balf an hour previous to the ltime appointed for the funeral, and proceed to the house of the deceased, with badges shrouded Iin crape, without music, the oficers taking the r1lead, according to rank. ARTICLE XILX-BALrLOY!NO. In balloting for members, the ballot box shall be placed in full view of the W. P. and shall be examined by the W. P, and W. A. ARTICLE XX.-SUSPENDED MnuxRs.. Any suspended member, on being reinstated all pay the amount standing against him atl uthe time of suspension, together with the whole sum to which he would have been subject had he not been suspended. rtLE XI rsA T uasau.n. rerprior to his installation into of. I nad seyJl bond to the fillate in a urum to be- fied 1 by the Division at the last regular meetings in December, Marebh June and September, and to t be approved by the Division, for the faithful dis. charge of his duties as Treasurer, and that he Sshall faithfully account for and pay over all moon. flies that may come into his hands belonging to the Division, and at the end of his term ofoffice, deliver all books, money papers and dohuments in his hands pertaining to his ofice, to his sue. eensor. He shall make a monthly report to the Division of receipts and expenditures and bal. lauce in his hands, which report shall be receiv. ed by the Division, if correct. He shall also furnish a quarterly report. ARTICLr xxir-WInows' AND ORPHASm' FUND. Section 1. There sball be a fund distinct froe the geoeral fund, to be raised by olmuntary contribution and donations. Sec. 2. There shall be elected at the last p meeting in Dgyember of each year, three broth. era, who shan be styled the Trustees ofthe Wi. e dows' and Orphans' Fund, whose term of offce shall be for twelve months, Commsing on the h first meeting night in Janery of each year ecc. k. I shall be the duty ofthe Trustees a of the Widows' and Orphans' Fund, at the end ofeach quarter, to draw an order on the Tsres urer,(whoe duty it shall be to keep a bek, containing a faithful record of all doeatioms sad by whom subscribed, said books to be at all b times subject to the supervision a(the members,) sad o recieve froem him al: mosies is his bends boIueging to said fed, over and above twaty. fredoile.s. When the feEd shall haneIn.eamed to suciest amount, the Trustese may invest the same in such a manner as to produce a rev. eaUe, should tihe Division so decides upo the application of said Trustees; said investmnt is to be made in tho name of this.Division, and the eidence of such investment to be handed to b Treasurer for safe heoigp n wh receipt for the same. "It shaUll ~be th dty of the Trusteas u afl,esaid, to dollect revena or interest accruing . o said investments pay the oms to the Treasurer who shall place it tothe credit of this Fuud. Sec. 4. The Trustees of this fund shall keep to a register of the neea ot the cbildren ofde. bossed brothers ofthis Dhidea, in good standing and etitled to bemets at the time o his de. Sec. 5, The witdow of a hrtber who attim etdis6 death was entitled ~ bMret fromn 1 Divfsr, hall be etitled to receive tem PC this fd such e as the Divis.osndsyder.o indl tho a emure of tth case mry eqire;l is snsor first be submhted to the Division ets sanctio, und provide. the Trustees upon i, Aind that said wdow is worthyt thio asisi ce fl the Division ; buti s to tbhatthe widow of a deceased brother m.i b-eat n from this Divids, oler als shall d e umrried gspin. th i: 6.'re o i en ilA w eof i brother !, wi- t enttledl to, bblets at the t f his s-all he setioed to reclevo from this fed . ey are fiteen years of agesohcseme per ar the Division ay from dtie thus std whew eoh orphans have so po. it tgmam l they bdit b ander the charge h dtels dof s liped, who shall watch over as hl pstel sewilitude and bwl sk dm on tioet their alemmstsnces to this Dividm. es 4. To pay the beneft due *wdo.veh ha tes provild by this A.d. , an M. r an h4.itawntm fhe Tryer he 4le a A. tf thTruuoes. TheltIl o( the iou ' O ~slijdiTii i shall report at the ww S each qi er, glvinga flla s- w a esrthe pat quarter. Au & Eacid oth afrsaid ?Tusses, bolero on eates the duties ofths edice, shall enter ln. with at leastoe good adsolvelsst ori. ea m m uas migr beial by the Divisono n me ald befe. their election, pr tbi &ith. r. ibis duty, and at the expiration, hii r torgoaone to had ever to his sueor ing Il n.l o teks, ejoma hmoie or her as m . l'ugaethofAid,saiudboed tobetak via the pvrsidlsg W. P. and his seceessor tip o h Asstazs XXIII. -e~so psikisisbjwl. sha s$ I.. hahis t Disim Asrn INV. d thfly By.Law it ubm b.v sIs Grs sa poposrl for t. ws abI M s Wsig tIs he Diwlal., usw hm FsImrirr the dimmuio. rwha sLb usuhssa p v.bs k ,i shill he adapled. Ptovl. it e i U. i. tj.wr o uhsllmge~a.sm"i basm~i a insh.vm a.1 uqusl.. my be qmmabodat a q ado~dtlw inMIsmhmw the UEmieh. .. iusI6~hI t *, - Oi 1b wtIi >lls' j A& 4 lfIm e showeth, that he is desirous of becoming a e member of your benevolent Order, if found wor. h.He has has read your Constitution and By. eILaws, and is willing to render obedience to the same. His age is . years; occupation - ll reiden, -- . i (Signed) A- B- R ecommended by E-- L- t For &te Plamters' Banner. SPaper he. 6. In commencing these papers we madr two divisions of our subject, which were, lIt. The pecuniary disadvantages arising to the planeers from the customs now prevailing in the em.. ployment e.physicimns; and ad, the moral wrong committed'by them in pursuing those eus. tome. We have successively treated all the subjects ad sub-divisions, which go to establish the truth of the first proposition. We have ex. posed the errors of the people in passing such indiscriminate judgment upon the profssion; showiag them that they do us manifest injustice in their want of confidence in as as physicians, and their want of proper respect and courtesy for as as men. We have esposed the alse economy of planters in relying too much upon their own judgmeats in the appreciatio of dis ease, and in the adminisratoa of rsemedies. We have shown the impolicy of not submitting the patient wholly to the physician's charge, when once he has been employed, and of being governed solely by his iasreion. Weohave also shown the disadrvangms of employing physicians by the year; and have convinced you, we hope, that, in omeealighbened day, there1 ezass, no longer, any necessity for it; that it might be regarded ma sot of harbarismwhich should now be abaadned . And lnadly, we have arnestly recommended, and which cn. at be repeated too oAie, that the best oorrect tie d the eisring ills we nomplain o, is a1 . aper ealighteamat of the public mind; that the eat bases of medical science, ysilogp, anab-my, chemistry and materia should be stwght in our public schools and colleges, ad through their pupils and almani, they will son reach the public ear, and be embused in the geeaal intelligease f the people. We had thought of making .see emarks ine refre to the oherase of hygieaic regula do.s, and ales asbe dager of paek medi sines; but we do not thmis discourses on the femer subject some very legism~ly fream ceymous wrfter, ns ey wouldemry wile very linenen ci convtieds, a.. peue ntid u n-t wobdd be d 1 toiego of aii ad ag - q Msek nme , e an't get one-e ar sseat to wee, net eve wih a geme's tlsadgesy who make use or them have so Itle l r d ti b elaims of eines, that 'tis net to be ep. ed they ever will heaken to her voeio a - by hercoussels. The seeed Euisiono our suebjecet lg detan he.m. "Iotaial thee cos la j poarastbi er, ; nos deiýso Ammeter, iof hara , h m a sallgds dbd euI pia sbe sligtly with , is at that e&a ga atsos te And we woald ask the pla gteal i e toassume t ib ie s ti t 'haa physician to Ml, ohs b elrt dheadl perlv the5 i mmits. such a s as. It . We, t b ah a phyica ett' ad ois s ; . it fitad hs itrn *wIb ma inteliecmual fle w le a Is aot by antur, adapted sas, i I. souther climate, sad he is pe blamed is d havlg the Africanwlmo by chhWim d Saind body is happily uited to )guqpqss r.. a And whilst we are iad ised to wMspaº me afora our pysical ee ad $,! Le s w cerailyowe it every man aýid which it. pbysical aad moral ems eIme Amonsp tshe £w wants et asreesshadsmos e coaspienou, and which dernaml err sympmshle '. motpomcptly, a proper Y eqsuqsis.~ rm~ i s e; aad he wb sma l r inWh hhesc ef camiy, must certaimly be devoid aS abs keawlte hmusdge. fli r imawas yfowapbysieisa, aqs" ra the white mesh.,s of ha v y adits thenow1 o rtImg9 std ding so (r * his Wham Wsw os 4Ef lets, who, witbst tbshsk he wand jimResentsa edltemsshs behd tbs aiiawor i13e t byal lIh; e tsp west . t ihanlmd reemivehts dsieeuujoses ofhi ,qsis ite kenwhAe is s mwatd u ass, t theb bad oft o fos u vuso moasn pikbou tthe ;I gmss~i .srqo hjmsb ko wgh~ pti -ott,# w - sacra f di' ase m ONpismis, 1 bs hues a sod.? Does beanot,e so , ptsmery, ' yappeml to sowhe ~dorghts se(mshis study, hamr by eindb., · msd Nshe S the or ad Ash huld ýsiyetise fbat des..st .04 tt~ei Mjýws -hpe ýs~tti ttir do w edj w rp Insai aS a situ every dsswIem, owner be content to be his own medical advi. ser; shall he be allowed to enter blindly into the great labyrinth of medicine and endeavor to to take from within the remedies, the relief to e all this suffering ? If this be consistency in human acts, if it be justice, if it be morality. ; then we are ready to exclaim to each of these virtues, thou art, indeed, no longer a jewel amongst mine ! In conclusion, Mr. Editor, in bidding our adieus respectfully to you and your readers, we beg leave to make a few remarks, a friendly comment upon your correspondent 'Springs,' We observed in the Banner of July 19th acorn. munication from -Springs,' in which he appear aed in quite an imposing character. He had read his previous pieces with interest, as they tny contained some very wholesome ad. to the planters, and believing too they were.. J 8w from the best motives, to ,nstruct the :planter in a plain and simple manner, in the ge. sneral hygienie measures tobe adopted inorder to avoid, as far as practicable, the 'many ills that flesh is heir to,' as alsor in a moral point ofview, to encourage the substitution of water, under all circumstances, for alcohol, and thereby to rid mankind of the many crimes and vices, to which the latter gives rise. We moreover thought that these suggestions came with proper humilitude from the author; that -e offered the conceptions I of his mind to the people as an unpretending citisen, not as a sage from afar, holding supe rior light, and with powers to make those lights to be appreciated by all the blind around him. Attend a moment to his language;-" I have come to do you an essemtial service, sir : to improve your fortune and reputation, to give you healthy, strong and robust negroes, to pre n mt and cure all their ordinary diseases without 'a doctor," &.; and in concluding bit remarks, yon will find this expression, still your ne groes are liable to many diseases, and peculiar ly so to epidemics. To enquire how you may obviate this, and make him almost ispempriou tr disease shall be my object in my seat oem. muealatioe." Jehovah why did at Gem Tay lor, iascad of wishing us to iavoke our Father above to stay the pestilence which is spreading thmight our land, semd for his earthly agems 'Beigs' and request his iaterferee ! For srely the latgage just quos, is not from the pen of a sdiwry ma... He mt, at last be bhysi., a Ruh, a Caaipm,, aIMst, a Cham. el, a lj s e Bs l, a s Aberscnmhe, or Sir Astley Cooper in disguis I Noehat can't be, ther th geeti weald not m so bsIIh h I y Imh abe pinmtlF k i- n ."A Sate. he im.mls.,r . S our tri.., ,iMu himself on the his". , He will there learn that me. is the mother of al tnades ua was the origin of that of smedhabe. days of man, we were, so to speak, s eilden, ature was our physiela. th first dawn of cisilisation, smne it rise Zad ins t heast, ean's so. • ha, ohar. From a rorwag simple child of nature, has beco me s oi , when laws and regulations exst by which he is and to which he i avw ammeaMl. personal lities he has had to surretder t- e good of the whole commnuity ; ead his moral obligations have accumulated o se a extesnt, that his acts are not mow, e Grmerly, submitted to his own mind's pp , t that of atakld generafly. ae s epi of a proper agudic tin.a r . 4d Ja Ipe,Bthm esposedinr sepesecutoes la: 4ashg ols. As equal gehas talLes place it the phsIe t oditi of man. [is hbits ead his meda of ave been uch k to ha ve ep. heaptMeri hbis yicl chracter. tfeased f h i e `" e hilc d do f th e w o od, o 4t l the vlcipitides the most siale and best adanee nare le pabiljes ti his omae t oi;er eogans body and mdind t o eercise Sday, and in sweet rbed rpose by allnsf 'ug to salldevel devlsof nature and alesly in its Watrity. lMed da Sea.an isa sort of damilal state e ; his ingenuity has devised all an-u V luxury-is place of the hardy life of old, leads one of luxurious ease ; all the moecha. arts have added to his omMGrts; the calis. SdortmeM has beeon eastl varied and com. ; the exercise obody, instead odpsas. u ha beeome pailmfi and tedious ; mad, ia a worad, l tho lassatios, which eustom or tancy has establshed, have contribued largely to man's eamminacy. Heuoe his greater desoept. bily to bmorlb causes-she natural powers of his system have been weakened-less able tn withstand the external sources of isntalom,; (imal ad tvegetable decay, and atmaospheric changms lsinld amongst us ;)-his 'body elag k er a barometer to the seallest change n t .th _ysiol ceaditio.s, hy which be is e,. dsd. Hnce the necessity of a prpr er Sof thee cous, e cts ad s'.a* s coanstae the science eo melielne. ad mil this glorious orb of eidilation o es in the West, which is a termihos noa t eo te de. srd, kt ill continue to prodse sad to repro. duce her childn, the trndnr sud pr . rQhaps oar od od &isnd Ins pv nriie wndd coted that Fourierism is the Wter.eow for ocety's pests, awyers; If s, we wm aid re. lto t~hi as we do to B"jin a" chat such pU Phh hy mydo r th e WdIe of thdie muo ueer, b we very much fear that our Aes, sad yepars wil be ocepied is the sad reali. isy of the reverse comtpo of things. 8 pair c .at wheels, 6 tehes,5 feet high, 6 iestread will be so a bgain o ces dthe ist. S. s8ITH.