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THE PLANTERS' BANNER.
VOL. XIV. * FRANKLLN, ST. MARY'S PARISH, LOUISIANA, OCTOBER 18, 1849. No. 42. PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY BY DANIEL DEgNETT. TERMS: Three Dollar per annum, payable in advance ; SAtDollars, at the expiration of the year. isements and notices in the Banner wil be published Three onths, except when the law, custom, or the person advertising specifies the time. Candidates for office will be required to pay it advance fortheir announcement All advertising and job work payable as soon as completed ; and ten per cent will be deducted from al bills that are paid to the publisher per. sonally, when due. ILETTER FROM MR. OGDEIN. 3NI1 PLIHTERS Aid VOTERS OP ST. IuIl! READI! A.s.anrSra, Sept. 27,184. Editor Red River Repsrlices Dear Sir,-I desire o notiee ir your cdl. ns an attempt that has been madib tar moreie ingenuity than ingenuousness toedae.e sy pp. sition to regard to the Tariff queton ,I have been shown an article in the4TI. 0. Cecent, purporting to give "an extract.frp~ a letter re. ecsily written by O. N. Ogde;,the Whig can. didatelin the 4th Congressional Diesrictto the Editor of the Alexandria Democ'rat." The foan. dation of this paragraph was, I preseme, an ed. itorial of the Western pemocrat. Wishing tol correct the erroneous conclusions sought to bet drawn from this extract, which I .m informed, has been industriously circulated in the lower part of the District, I will first ask of you to publish the whole paragraph of my letter from which a few lines have been carefully extract. ed: "You have also asserted somewhat bitterly, that I am a 'dyed in the wool whig,' and that I espouse, promulgate and defend all the cardi. ani doctrines of the party to which I belong. I1 acknowledge freely my connection with the Whig party, but at the same time assert that I acknowledge no dictation ol party. My politi.i cal opinions have been very publicly and very frankly expressed within the last two or three years, and it is very well known that on many) questions I hold different opinions froma those hich you are in Mte habit of asribing to the, seig party. I am opposed to the establishment: of a National Bank, and have in public discus sdoes an expressed myself in your presence. I ac opposed, and have so publiely expressed my. etlf, in your rearing, to 4 tariff for protectio a dvocato only a tariff for revenue, ssticient forbe expenditures of the government, econo. miesly admineremd-with Incidental protee. lion, within the revenue limit; revenue being ther epct, and protection the Incident. I adopt -ly the sentiments at Mr. Polk's message e this'sitject, as well as his opposition to the s. tern farbitrary tinismne valuations, asimed in thftariWf act of 182uor do I believs at a diibint opinion on L, subject is held ay cosidetaai poitm eof the whip of this pi a' I also resPise, in thfuiiestamamet,a the right of inattructo." I will now proceed to repel by a referenm o detrhLe insinmtion which has beesw madoi so quarters, that the letter was written a view to the ensaing election, ad for the Pe pose of obtaining antd.Tarig vres i the uppt, or Demoeratic portion of the District. So far frea this bels.poible, the date of his "Id re4 l a k was Janu 1sf 1818, more thaU three years paud.e dy sevene methe Sthe existing ' wasr enacted st us a I nkdrng l tashe st pesedeantial avas th. t one of s cadidatl was mird.o Idly gifted with two liven, ede n ,to the coltair of the Nrmdh, andhe jear ,ill. &ebi tedlat i a ac. trot s ~; my erna wi?·-' ~ss§ib~ dii'7my ci~d~~ FF `ºýSY rF *' ý , 7* -'Imgi muM O N rvJmbudsgd I Whether the modifications they may have after wards have undergone, involved a difference as great as that between 54 40, and 49, I leaveto the curious to determine. But Mr. Polk's first annual message, although containing less than we had heard before about discriminating do. ties, as still favorable to incidental protection. II find therein this expression : "Care should be taken that all the great interests of the coun try, including manufactures, agriculture, comn. merce, navigation, and the mechanic arts, should derive equa advantage firdo the incidental pro-I tection which a just system of revenue duties may aSod." I find also this charge made by him against the act of 1842. "All the great interests of the country are not as nearly as may be practicable, esptallyproected by it." Indeed, the general priaciple laid down by Mr. Polk, as not cotestedl by many of the strongest ad. vocates of the Tariff of1842, the difference be. tween the upholders and opponents of that act, being more spe mtwers of fat and questions of detail than uopm any thing else. I will make one or two citations from speeches delivered in Congress when the act of 1646 was on its pas. sage. Mr. Collamer, (present Postmaster1Gen. eral) ontendedthat the Act of 1842 "was a remeuse TaonI, discriminating .alo fr protec tion, the ffect of which was to furnish-the gov ermient all the revenue it needed while at the same time it advanced and secured the general Interests' ir. Winthrop o Massachusetts, (late Whig Spoker ofhe House) in the same debate, "Undonbtedly Mr. chairman, the fut great 'bje4 of all our .TaiffIoshu# be to provide rev eane for the support of thGovernment. There areno terms in which this priaciple can be as serted too abselste and too usquaai~d ed meet. say ready and codiol assent I agree to theI proposition in the form in which it has been sta-Ie ted by the Secretary ofthe Treasury in his an.I nual report that no more money should be col. lected from duties on imports than is necessarylI tor the wants ot. the Government economically administered." In the begimlugot his ablerspeech. Mr. Wi n throp, expressing his surprise that the Tarif of 184 shou. l have been attacked in so whole. sale a manner by the gentleman from Louisiana (Mr Harmanson,) skid : "I had thought that it there were any prhduct of our country that re quired and received the highest meae.re of pro. tsection.b was the stapleproduct of the lmora ie meombr's own Sta."' Making a very short digressio, I will add the esprein ao my own surprise at observing that when (21st Deo comber, 1847) Mr: Wentworth of Uliois, a Democrat, introduced the following'Resolution : "Re&soled, ''hat the general Government has the power to construct such Harborand improve such Rivers as are necessary and proper for te parsedse of owr Navy ano our Com arraQ s also for the defences of our country," Mr. lbtr manomu, Mr. La Sere and Mr. Morse, all voted Nay in a meager minority of 64 to 183 Bat returning to the subject of . y letter be. fore referred to, I protest against its being so construed as to convey -ay expression of opiS= in in regard to the Tarif 1t8646, which wae not is existence when it as written, or as go. ing further than to sppcovE the general views preseated by Mr. Plk, and which were is seo :cordan with those of at least vpre ay of the Whig party. As regsais the existing Tar. if; it is of course M .~ssil fr he to aiempt to disass in aIle amhedy emuck exstenud itilsos ofthe ly 7re i speedy m0 flsuos in many very ppat eiuticulau. SseB dSo d d r"o people o V a uibjees yroprtyP by ear ssueat Chiet is% s aeum1st Ioum h0I usue tn, and asid bn aon k they will be reupe bban earmneust j anmendatiou to Co at act seion. The decision of the aoditr t . y .tha at theoeaesit of !consider it to be our right and our duty to look at home and to our own interests.-Nor yet am I an advocate for the protection of one branch of industryto the prejudice or exclusion ofothers. I do not believe that our great interests are so variant and conflicting that the Goverment can. not by wise and liberal legislation foster all without injustice to any, for ,"tho' distinct as the billow, they are one as the sea." In the lan. guage of Mr. Polk's Inaugural address: "I consider it to be "the duty of the Govern ment, to extend as far as it may be practicable to do so by its revenue laws and all other means within its power fair and just protection to all the great interests of the whole Union." The people want not the "word of promise" only, but the pretormance also. Similar in purport was the language of Gen. eral Taylor's address from the steps of the Cap itol, and I doubt not that he will carry out .this beneficent policy as far as it may be within the sphere of the Executive to do so. I am, respectfully, your friend and ob't serv't O. N. OGDEN. OaEGo.--The Peoria Register contains a letter from Hon. William Bryant, Chief Justice of Oregon, to his brother in Peoria, under date of Oregon City, April IS. says : "I am far better pleased with this country than I expected td be. It is decidedly a good and very desirable country. It produces, as well as the States, all the smaller grains and vegetables which we are accustomed to in the Western States. The country is, beyond all doubt, as healthy as any country can be. This city contains from 1500 to 2000 inhabitants, and is a very flourishing place. It is situated 25 miles above where the Willamette empties into the Columbia River, and from there it is about 125 miles down the Columbia to the ocean. The Falls at this place furnish, I have no doubt, the best water power in the world, and arecapable of being applied to machinery, with less expense of capital than any place I ever saw. The whole country is covered with a very thick growth of timber, principally hir, edtr and piue, wherever there are streams of water. Up this valley, and at many other places, there are very rich and lbrtile prairies. A great many explorations will take place from here this summer, mod I have no doubt that gold will be found is abundance in this territory. It is ruining the country. A good houe joiner, car penter or niller-either for grist or aw mills mils- receive $10 per day in gldd paid hips eve. ry day. This is the most beautiful country that man ever enjoyed life in. The ESociety is as good as it is anywhere in the West, and you would like it just as well ; like all new countries Speople se free ani candid, and m SITCIDE STAISTIsrc.-A very curious etat-j meat and calculation has been published in Pa. ris by M. Pairet, a medidal profess, relative to the number of suicides committed in Fraosj for thirty years. From the records of the police, it appears that the total number of suicides at. tempted to be committed were 6782, and three fourths of the individuals were anmarried. We subjoin the figures furnished to him by the polee, showing the relative numbers of male and emale suicides : Crossed in love, 97 167 bemales; jealousy, 39rales, 52 febmes; mortfied pride, 27 tules, 27 females; oluemy and loss of reputatica, 97 males, 28 femles ; remorse, 37.,.ales, 12 females, disappointed ambition, IO atles, 12 females ; reverse frtune, 283 male, 39 Imles; gainniq. 141 males, 14 feaiet- other species of etsood t 208 males, s; domestic chagris,, 524 itesSa ; misery, 611 ae 9 females; 1 mars klfemes. Itwoull seem to I5lo wtba -a~ w lirose ao dd f " ` 'i 'Cs pr. ,pit s Wam sar N s o he r ip stood in the U *1 * ludimed tw demr km thaebussply. TaE QUAxnrrES AND THE GLAIS.-A Qua. ker lady with her daughter--the names and residence of whom we prefer not to mention went on board a North River boat, one end the saloon of which was mirrored. The eldest of these Quakeresses, dressed of course in the real plain style to the last plait ofthe cap and the last fold of the handkercheif took her seat on the sofa near the great mirror., In a moment on looking up she saw another lady dressed equally plain and being of a social turn, she commenced conversation in the following man. ner : "'Good morning ; how does thee' do ?' No reply. Then after giving her handker chief an extra smooth, she made a second trial. "I am happy to find another Quaker lady on board." / Still no answer. o raising her voice to a higher pitch, she inquired t "Is thee going all the way up T" But as the new found friend appeared to say nothing, she turns to her daughter and re. marks, "I think she must be deaf." Why," replied the daughter," don't thee see thee is talking to thyself ?"-Ex. How TO POxPose Is ButAss.-In the first place, make ,up your mind to 4eoo1 lish what. ever you undertake; decide opsn some partic ular employment; persevere ia it. All difficul ties are overcome by diligence ad assiduity Be not afraid to work with your own hands. and diligently too. "A cat in gloes oatches no mice-" "He who remains in the mill griads, not he who goes and comes." Atted to your business, and never trust itto another. "A pot that belongs to many Is stirred and worse boiled." Be frgal. That which will ot mak p will make a pot lid." "Save the peace, and the pounds will take care ofthemselves." .Be abstemious' "Who dainties love si early. The sleeping o ca ch poltry." "Ploug deep while s d sleep and you will have corn to selland keep" Teat every one with respect and civility. "Evesyhng 0 is awdw and anes hat by mannes." Good m em Never aticipate wealth from ry eter: soese than labor ; especially never place d poes becosg bib pmmsessor of am heitace. "He who wait for dead men's shoes .a have to go for alngtime barefoot." " e who runs after a shadowhas a wearisome race. Above all things, never despair. "God is where he w u.. - "fgRt v. 2te. thois wh. help themslves." ollow y.yiD y these precpts, and nothin can hinder yes frees prospering.-&chAge. FH mu- ae. Cuanm.R.-& wriws hem AdI to bher hiaom h We have now been kepihg weeks. I have ten boarder rd r the rent. We have dlear f all e! I oo fact lb a 4 s' useafet --Ias es of hlkr L the tdgenlde a tdms We har, a i to b pr. aRawr th imer Ik.. a pewter i n the soum 'til drir S rhes it jis at se. ini bling jeu thea thes, thes 'wees away wth as irato apswueenme*ebm wishing to se samme tsa ad aid it 10 1t up, took k dM ber owa. ndeail, wi. :.»yi ' hwaspp" "said a ge. reasismii qr her thri, pri edu, ,wlowas just bgi. mine has loa my forue," answered his 'bittedy, "by meless estrava. aid repining w rh I wan dl E L" hat a wedM Goe this apes ith mine a wis possesses over the fumre prosper. k her tfsily! Let the wife know her is. and try to use it wisely ad well. THOSE VESSELS AND THOSE 60ODS. Gooeeds by erh Nimrod, Aaure ra Borealis, &c. The undersigned will receive perach. Nimrod, which has jnst arrived in them Bayou direct from New York, A L.ARI:E AS.-ORTXENT OF PLANTATION AND FAMILY of every variety to suit the demand of my old customers. The balance of my goods will ar. rive in a lew days in the Aurora Borealis and the Frirends, the whole comlrising a very large and well assorted stock. O'd customers end friends are invited to call-prices will be mod rate and satisfactory. S. SMITH. Franklin, Sept. 18, 1849. NEW GOODS IN A NEW STORE. T IHE SUBSCRIBERS will receive, 1 in a few days, by schr. Friendrrs, AN EXTENSIVE and VARIED Yuserfment of G.eds, o every description which may be called for by our old customers and the public generally. Oar goods have been carefully selected in New York and Boston, and we shall be able to offer at as low prices. as any in the market. We have commenced moving into ear new store on Main street, where we will be happy at all tunes to see our old friends and customers. HARE & BIRDSALL. Franklin, Sept. 18, 1849. Ma. Lvrr would respectfully inform tdie citizens of St. Mary, that he has just received, per achr Lanier, a SPLENDID ASSORTMENT of CLOTHING, CARPETING, BLAN. KETS, FRINTS, LADIES' DRESS SGOODS, H1ATS, BOOTS 4 S&HOES made to order; andlso a superior articdeo. CUTLERY, and Gasmuas AsoarTmarr of Goono to sait the oess and Customers. Persons wishing to purchase will please eall and examine. Franklin, Sept. 18, 1849. r soonss ýe The Scar. Nimrod hrie aT sku 8ocx at CmtreviUe, ir varied. and ler g &aid;gra tre pevlos a*. sor-_ent. ne.eds on Bayou 8al6 and 'le.ae call and eazmigs the new will be as reasonable as those assi Franklin. Sept. 18,1849. tHOMAS A. DOW rerpectfully beg- leave to inform the citizes of the istkof 8t. MaryJbat be bajupt opened and apw b eb aor is at bin 1w t ttsu U l fa PaUssvaul., mr extesive asd welli assorterd stock of uSE# LM FASHISnADLE AND FANCY 0008 to lbb wants of this coatmmm y. wil ad it o ht ir Ilterist to call ad examine the ssek, ea te prices wail be .sasaisatory to THEMY wePltarseeuAie, Sept. 18, 18t4 New .e*4s. The 3oe ar 1 L ners b narried and - , 4CHNARLFB B.. BAYIB8 riM epeuing at his new aem.ns rich and d'i-iat booek of Goos la(dis ftm New it aid aes) a b eo.e been olss d is .diu ie aihb he would hnite tbb attea. tie f atimidi eracugtoqters and she trading coee avi7y *gederaly. fip utaek compriss of tdshe fllwag, . s French ad Ameri. canpi; - ielrDrm Camleason, S :ibenesee lastiies, IDe. Jdsrb EI aad [wla . ., .Capes, s. lk, V,. Wee&a goods of all inads. CLOTHING Of the mostemasivo ad kelegat styles ev. er before o rsd in Pattsrseville. , i BOOTS and SHOES OE every dsesription. Winter sad Smaer strained bieaaed Sperm. d. I 0o , do. ..apr Whale. Seddery, reekury, Tins ad Hardware, Oedagi, Groceries, ie GOLD WATCHES. S I-, S . e, 14..-@ Jest resived from New Orleans, fresh msupply of FASHIONABLE FAN' ssm3assE wna cEss, andp baed am teams tht will easble hbi todll them e the ast seskes terSws. The LAsaes will please call sand masmie the Goods and Prices Also, an as atment of Gbntlamen's PINE CLOTHING, all of which are of sorsaeon wsarr. Gentlesmen wisling . s Ckeku as mderae prices will plase al MAYER MAYER. Franklin, Oct. , 18e4e. Dry dns. A general tock, consistig in part f Blank. et, Kersey Lowells, Seetgs, Shirtings; is short every thing unually kept in our market, and will be sold as low as any other house by oct4 M. WALKER & CO.