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THE PLA NTERS' BAN 1 ER.
VOL. XIV.. FRANKLIN, ST. MARY'S PARISH. LOUISIANA, NOVEMBER 8, 1I49. io. 45. S - ---------- PUBLISHEi EVERY THURSDAY BY DANIEL DER.JETT. TERMS: Tlhreeeolars per annum, payable in advance; Jie Dollars, at the expiration of the year. Advertisements and notices in the Banner wil be published Three amomts, except when the law, custom, or the person advertising specifies the time. All advertising and job work payhble as soon as completed ; and teo per cent will be deducted from all bills that are paid to the publisher per. somally, when due. DRAINING OF FARMS. BAu.rro., December 3, 1,43. To Jsan Beta Elq. Pre idaet of h Net ~rt &ss Agrieunera Society : Sn : In reply to your letter of the 27th ulti. me, in whiebh you ask me to state to you the re. malt of my experience f the utility and expense of under.draining farm lands, I have to observe, that it is aglbject to which I have devoted some attention fthe few years during which I have had an is in agricultural pursuits, and my opinion of itauat utility is confirmed by every I mmoseive da obseervation. I have ap r-draining to twenty dif frest fields. to to f more than two thou. sand rods, and the average cost at half a dollar per rod. e pease, however, is determined by the pro y of materials, and the eoonomy with which the work is perfirmed. I am convinced the operative farmer, who nerforms his own labor. can effect similar un provements considerably less than I gave stated. In some instances, the state of imy lands to. qared an expenditure of at least 320 per acre in draining. In such caeas the production was coarse, unwholesome grasses, of little value, and tillage was quite out of the question. Twenty dollars per acre was the extent ot the value of the land; whereas, after being effectually drain ed sad cultivated, these lands have produced Indian corn, oats, wheat, and closer, in great luxuriance, paying an i.come of one hundred dollars the acre. Every practical farmer is aware of the inconve. misece and disadvantage attending the cultiva tion. Draining is the remedy for this. As the improvement here treateg of is of the moe enduring nature, it would be unltir to charge the expense attending it upon the pro duct of a single year. My belief is, that I have been fully remunerated by the increased products of three years in all.cases ; and further, in aeak ly every field I have, at the termination of tie stone drains, durable supplies of water for ani. aib, which, in my estimation, fully compensate twhoe whole expense incurred. Upon the whole, I know of no subject, con aected with agritulteral imnprovemen:s, -I mute importanes than draining; and if these facts I have detailed at your request, should lead a sin. gie ildisideal to ;experiment on this subject, I hall deem the hour occupi4n the detail, tally; cospensated. I am, sir, vtey respectfully, your obedient servant, Hwarv W. DELJVAN. T.' WAsaisoTa REP'BLIC.-We rejoice to hear ofthe prosperity ofbis able and iilex ible advocate ofthe presat M'hig Ad:ninistra. ioa. A correspo.dent oftbe Baltimore Patriot writes as follows: h may not be amise for me to give you an item or two in regard to the popularty and in crase of the new paper here, the Repub.i Yesteday, for example, the Southern mal brought sabseription money in advance, to the ammout of 180; the Western mail to the ammmt el g, and the Northern mail to the amount of 60. Subscriptions to the amount of m were received from Texas alone. The Republic is but about four months old, ed it has already received subseription moneys to an amount exceeding $80,000. Last week its issue wrs increased 100 cop. ic, and aeeady this week the demand exceeds trh supply. Another inease is to be made. Already is. eirculatiomeouerneds ,000 copies. hL base . that the Republic gives its hearty sMpo to GOea.TFayor, sad that its adepead. a ad easeeed diwe are his bfriends. EqSi i the raped growth of the paper any v. imt eatfGes. Tadr's wning popularity.' £amu cs#.- fsp r am s. , S eP, -..T .elar dI samd, SI panse; litharge I ease opt part, and mixl thes , (r.mk m.udm p, parts (pou" eand sa part 1 *s-I - kua* .a. easil d ab.Idbto shad a ,r ita pa ..t p..its t atsed e eed as m l sod a is as pa i re-Xh i the ' bmailse hils d iseassely S is, fat each R M ass e-ssd a airss, t e s el vhic axe rte is ai s feis e oots erpat ýenet atty. em oe bull is seaty . elseat witbim ameekr. The joneeags them st. bhd by a p dculiar bstrng elmet aided by tI e emperatet am elm tAny . se dhn sm srid t at ashelim vial. d f eerscrgl a rgte l eeet by ai ry pow. 0ahaO OaMs athes; di aes atI e**A -0 40 . II FATTs..xNG ANIlxALs.-At this season, says, the Mauine Farmer, the attention of the farmers) is often directed to the lattening of those ani mals which are intended for the butcher and it is important for him to know how he may turni such articles of food to the best account. Sev-l: eral articles, such as pumpkins and apples, willj, not keep long, and are to be used in their sea.I son, if atlL The least nutritious articles so"l far as it can be done conveniently should be fed, Iout first ; afterwards those that are more nutri-I tire. Fattening animals should be kept quiet,; and suffered to take no more exercise than is' necessary for their health. All exercise more than this calls for an expenditure of food whichi does not avail anything in the process of fatten.i ing. They should be fed regularly with suita. ble food and that properly prepared; and soi much should be given them as they are able to converi into fesh and fat without waste. "Lm the animal economy the accumulation of tfat and extra flesh is only a deposit of superfluous nutri meat, which not being required by the system at one time, is laid by for future emergencies; and it must be obvious that the larger.the quan tity of food which a fattening animal can be to consume daily with a good appetite, orb ithoroughly the greater will be the amount1 h and fat gained in proportion to the whole quantity of food consumed." Animals will not thrive with any amount ot tood where they are uneagy and discontented, even if they are so closely confined that they, cannot wear offtheir flesh by exercise; it is therefore important that they be led regularly and that there should be nothing to disturb themr, or excite fear or discontent. - Of the root crops for nutritive properties,' potatoes stand first ; then carrots. ruta-bagas. mangel.wurtzels, which are all nearly as raiua. ble as potatoes; while the English turnip is the least valuable and nutritious. Of grain' wheat, stands first; then peas, Indian corn, barley,. and last, oats. Much Indian corn is used in fattening animals- especially swine. For, these, there is a great gain in having it both ground and cooked. It is said that where swine are fed on muah or hasty.pudding, they are, much more quiet and consequently gain flesh, much faster than where the same ingredients, are fed to them uncooked. The following hints on the subject, from that, valuable agricultural journal, the Albany Cul. tivaLor, will be found of interest: S.Suh,.taees in ~which the nutriment is much concentrated, should be fed with care. 'There 'is danger, especiifly when the animal is first; put to teed. that more may be eaten at once than the digestive organs can manage. Meal, of Indian corn is highly nutritive, and when properly fed cuises animals to fatten fi~ter than' almost any other food. They bwill not, howev er, bear to be exclusivaly kept on this article for any length of time. Meal made from the heav iest varieties of corn, especially that grown in the no, ther and eastern Sates, is quite two strong food .fur cattle, sheep, or horses to be fitl.ted upon. Hence one of the advantages of having the cob ground with the corn, by which the nutriment is diffused through agreater bulk, lays lighter on the stomach, and is more thor. oughly digested. The etiect of pure corn meal on animals, we suppose to be similar to that sometimes produced on our own species by the use of fine wheaten flour- the subject becomes dyspeptic, and is forced to use bread which has the bran mixed with the flour. The mixture of the cob with the core, answers,the purpose of bran-the health of the animal ilpreserved'jand the process of digestion goes oa uninterrupted. ly. In fact, the advantages of grinding the cob and corn together fobr feeding cattle may be said ts be well established. For bogs, the benefit of the cob is not, we dink, soa identhose an imale appearing to be better pd to taking their nourishment in a concentrated form, than those which ruminare or, chew their cud. Yet food suffciently bulky to effec tie distention of the bowels is aecessary for bhogs. "Hlay or straw out into lengths so short as to be readily mixed with meal, answers a good purpose in rendering the meal easy of digestion, and is enabling the animal to extract all thei nntrimeat from it, S"he conelsion arrivedat from the result of at sries of experiments instituted by the High. hlad 8ociety of Sootdad, a few year.s ago was. that the supe.lrity da ceoked over uacooked food for cle is but trifling, and not saosient to balane the cost; but fur hogq, the extra cost of preparatio was repaid. "The appetite and keasth of the animals are preamted by giving a variety of food. This act hs led the preparloes for fattening stock. For fuiulmg ,ho, we have used with advan a gethe .ol. 1. Two parts po. Vte udns ; boil" together S eaidly masahdd Hoe-then add Pamtsuingi sad mixi.ng intimately .rtn, ieot of asd peaose and pmgp. wl re& or coosk the meal, and when cold t -he oh will bea stiul paunng.2 Two sa e.laltw of Ia- azC able apples, snere' it "er ar bd they can be i'" m..o- ':t hone part meal, (either .oas, ,.dly or oats and peas, allowing the and mix together while the po. apples are hot. Hogs are more fond of food when it is slight. for sated, (sot becoming pugenldy sour,), tha appear to fatten aiteNit is gives i this stale. We have sever seen hogs faster than whoe fed oMthese nmixtures, eoessioeally a little dairy lop, and we alinays faed the pork sold and of good WarasrHnw-The race r a am ind would did theriesse to adi each other. From ntat the mother biads the child's head h omment that some kind assistant wipes tit heeap rous the brew of the dying, we am s withouat metual help. All there. et-hat aed aid, have a right to ask it oftbeir Slw msrlat; as ne e who holds the powero g a i4lm wAbt sn a .g ik. [Correspondence ofthc Chlonotype.] i CITY OF T1E CREAT .ALT LAKE, July 13th, 1549. DEAR CHaos. .-It is three months to-day, since I left Boston for California, via. So. Paas I ofthe Rocky Mountains. I arrived here on the 1 11th inst, having made the trip from St. Josephit to this place. 1100 miles in 5ti days. Our trainit of 9 wagons drawn by mules attended by 25 , men got along with no more dflficulty than we it expected, having for a leader'Capt. Tooley of St Louis a man of the right sort and somewhat ex-: I pe;ieuced in Mexico. Like other companies-, we threw away some provisions on: the road.- c1 The quantity of such property left this season is enormous. Twenty thousand peop.e are on the road, many of whom will not get thronaghi 1this season, bet leve to winter in the mountants, I or here. We have had no sickness in our company t worth speaking of amnd my own health has been perfectly good and the trip to me a I'easant one. e 'noe scenery of the Rocky Miountains is grand and beautiful beyond description or imagination, - and theretore I shall not attempt to describe i it. Many of the high mountains are clad in i snow like royal ermine. We have been in i sight of their snowy summnits for three weeks,, and they are all around us here. The valley < ot the Great Salt Iake is between the Lake I and the mountains on the east. In passing into it you cross these mountains at a height of 70-; U0 feet above the sea and descend into the val eyi !where the view suddenly bursts upon you is in describably beautiful. In at the ditanlce of 25 miles lies the great Lake, on the South a high range oftmountaits, and on the right and left' towering snow c;ad peaks that stand guard' around an Eden. of quiet loveliness. Five miles from the foot of the Mountains lies the "'City of the Great Salt Lake," of nine; mouth's growth. The 24th of the present month will be the second aniversary of :he Mormon pioneers in this valley and will prob. ably be celebratqd with appropriate ceremonies as the day ofheir deliverance trom persecutionj in the States. A few months later another band arrived who built a fort where they all remained till last October when the main body jarriving they commeuced the city. It js laid out in blocks. containing 10 acres each, and each block is subd ided into 8 lots. 'Ihere are already :224 block being 16 in one direction and 14 iv the other. 'The streets are eight 'rods wide: Nearlt 1000 abode houses have been Built and the whole city nearly two miles isquare has the apfearance ofa garden. A pu blic building of stone, 50 feet square is going up ito serve fur a Council llouse, Church and other purposes. Any person wishing to live here. can take an u nupied lot, without price, butt can only sell th inpsovements. The city isl governed by a P 'ient and Council, permas neat, and a City arshail elected annually.-! Taxes are laid a rding to property. Tithes are voluntarily. (hools are kept all the year and are free to all A mile north tf the city is a warm sulphur spring, which :s anuch resorted to for its curs. tive 1propeities. Ai abundance of the purest iwater issupplied fron the streams coming down from the mountains. During the warmest tart of the season no raim falls, and the land requires "rmjgating, which is easily done. During the 1present year the harms have suffered from the f;drought, which wil be obviated next year. fl Where the land has been well watered the crops Iare very line, espe ally the wheat which is now inearly ready for tl sickle. The soil is well, ,.adapted to grazin and cattle and horses look Idat, and can graze tie year round. The weath er is delightluL a flesh breeze always blowing from the lake or the mountains, and the health iof the population is remarkable. From praeat •appearances, the valley will in five years coatl a: population of 20D,00. Yours in haste, J. B. H. P. S.-We dined at the Hotel to.day, and were honored by thb presence of Mr. Brigham I Young, the President, and other notables. To. I mmrrow evening there is to be a "Grand Vocal and Instrumeatal Concert. Admission 50 cents." AmranTr, Ga.-We have received from ou filends in this tiriving place, the report of committee upon its manufacturing advan which seem not to be inferior to those in any other place throughout the South, We would especially call the attention of capit~ carpenters, machinists, mill.wrigbts, bet makers, and men ofall the different ical branches, to some of the statements eoented by the icommittee. The first one of ese ad. vantages is the central position that Al.. oc cupies aad the direct communication ' the great empooriums of New York, St. Louts, New Orleans, Mobila, Savannah and Chartoan, and all the intermedia:e towns and citiesk not be. ing more than four days run to the farthest of them. A second advantage that Athi has as a site for manufactures, is that it is siow the in tersecting point ofthree railroads,'ad a fourth will soon be completed ; and if ony one-fourth ofthe capital was employed in asuelactures that the place would authorise, a fth (the Gain. esville road) would soon be built, jving the un. surpassed adva.age of five Iraimd all c tering at one point, for bringing iitbe raw ma. tedal and sending out the'manufa ~bred article toevery point of the compass and all the lead iag marketof the Southern Stated. Atlanta is £lreadr the markr the agricul tural products ofa !region of colatry eteadiang into the borders of some of the ar4oimig States, and her trade is erry year ineasuing. Here is a widb door already open for the sale of the fabrics of the factoris of your aty, and the grea. ter the variety of them, in the way etcouo, iron, wood, wool and leater, the greeter the induce ment to customers; for they wil always go, in the greatest numbers, to the point where t gratest variety can be had. The committee lso repreet the dity of t ants as being peeainee hsaltkhy, with caslle water, andscarcelta swamp marsh orl pond lor several miles around. They advocate the advantages of erecting steam mills as the. fuel for generating steam is abundant and cheap' for miles around, and can be easily' transported over the ditfrrent railroads, that concentrate at this place. We rejoice to see our Southern brethren awaking to the importamnce of stimula. ting manufacturing and mechanical enterprize, to come among them. There is no good reason why the North should be so much in advance of the South, in the great manufacturing interests. The field is open for larger operations in every' branch of the arts, and the interests of the South and West demand that their resources should be developed.-Scient!/ic American. I;.sar D WoRDs.-They come too often to our lips and we give them utterance, when wel had better been silent. Do we think bow" ma-. ny tender chords we rudely touch. (causing sor row in hearts that are true to us,) by our seltish disregard of the feelings of others ? I fear not,,l or we would be more careful. I had a sister near my own age. She was early called to a better world. During her last illness once I spoke very unkindly to her ; shed forgave me ; I repented but never forgave my. self. My unkind words haunted me long; and often has tie sad remembrance of them, check ed the daunting expression in alter, and I would turn away and weep. "Oh ! ye who meeting sigh to part, Whose words are tteasure to some heart, Deal gently ; ere the dark days come When earth is but for one a Rome." Notice. The undersigned have this day entered into a copartnership under the firm of W. 8. Cary & Co. R. E. CAFFERY, W. S. CARY. Centreville, Oct. 1st, 1849. WILLIAl F. A. FLEETWOOD. .'b. 1s Chartres St. NEW ORLEANS. October Ist, 1849-3m UNION HALL STO8E. We have received at our new store in Odd Fellows' Hall, a large supply of Goods, select, ed with care in the Northern Markets, compris. ing the following, with many other articles not enumerated : A large stock of FOBEIBN AND D0ME8C S UR 800008, a great variety of Dress Goods, (entlemeno's Clothing ; Hats and Capsq Boots, Shoes and Leather; Trunks; Books and Stationery China, Glass and Earthen Ware-Hardwa and Cutlery, Tin and Hollow ware; Dr land Medicines, Ppints and Otis; G Carpetings and India Matting.; Paper g" ings and Window Shades; Saddlery ames and Collars; Tobacco and Segars sees; Willow and Wooden Ware, P and Shot, Window Glass. We also keep is sore at r Warehouse, Steel, Bar, Hoop aed RON; cut and wrought Nails, Horse N Shoes; whale Sperm, Lard, Caving4 d and Neatfoot! OILS; Pitch and R anilla, Cotton and Tarred Rope, Pail Yarn; Soep and Can.; dies; Choice W.tes and Liquors; and alli kinds of heavy ;: PLANTATION GOODS. We aeve rectmng soon to receive a variety of Stoves st Parlor Grates, and Fenders; Rold w W P!oughs, Stone Coal, Hay, Cab iet Feur re, &c., &c. Orders attended to from a .ace, and great care taken in the Is. lection o ordered. J. W. 4; R. E. TALBOT. Franlo, Oct. 18, 1849.-4m. i rpnOt_ _ _ _ S New Goods. l MAS A. DOW respectfully leave to inform the citizens of tte of St. Marytbat be has just opened and! offers for sale at his New Sters Hir Ia Pattemrnvime, a very extensive and well assorted stock of USEFUL, FASHIONABLE AND FANCY GOODS adapted to the wants ol this onmmunity. Purchasers will find it to their interest to call and examine te stock, as the prices wll bem made satisfactory to THEM. Pauersonalle, Sept. 18, 1840. Instractiem eo the Guitar. MRS. WHITTEMORB would res-r pectfully announce to the itiseans of. Franklin and vicinity that she is forming a class for instruction on the Guitar, and that those who may desire their children to obtain a good knowledge of music, and acquire a good execution upon this favorite instrement, an ac. complishment rarely acquire o new have sn opportunity to have tbheil!bes, in these respects, gratified. A practice of thirteen yes that in str mrent alone, has'secured to perior prac. tical knowledge of it, and she feels confident that those who may join bar class will make a proficiency that will prove bhbhly satisfactory. Persoen desiring further information in regard to terms, dr., can gain it by calling at the boarding house of Ms. Peeot, in Franklin. FrankNo, Sept. 18, 1849. New GooSds Just received-A new stock of, Clothes, Do. mesti Goods, Hats, Boots, Shoes, Travelling Trunks, Leather and other Coach Trimmings 100 Ells Creole Cotonade, low priced. Anisette in Boxes, Assorted Cordials, Empty Bottles and Corks, Hard Ware, Fire Ware &c. T. REVIMS. Franklin ·Sept. ,-- J. Goods by Schrs Nimrod, Auro ra Borealis, &c. The undersigned will receive per ach. Nimrod, which has jnst arrived ;n the m Bayou direct from New York, A LARGE ASSORTIMENT OF PLANTATION AND FAMILY of every varieti to suit the demand of my old customers. The balance of my goods will ar rive in a few days in the Aurora Borealis and the Friends, the whoe comptsing a very large and well assorted stock. O:d customers and friends are invited to call-prices will be mod rate and satisfauctory. S. SMITH. Franklin, Sept. 18, 1849. "NEW GOODS! NEW G000ODS T HE SUBSCRIBERS will receive, in a few days, by scbr. Friends, AN EXTENSIVE and VARIED Jssortatent of Goods, of everydescription which may be called for by ,our old nstotners and the public generally. Our goods have been carefuily selected in New York and Boston, and we shall be able to offer them at as low 'prices as any in the market. We hare commenced mroving into our new store on Main street, where we will be happy at all times to see our old friends and customers. HARE & BIRDSALL. Franklin, Sept. 18, 1849. Ma. LEVY would reipectfully inform the citizens of St. Mary, that he has just received, per schr Lanfier, a SPLENDID ASSORTMENT of CLOTHING, CARPETING, BLAN. KETS, I RINTS, LADIES' DRESS GOODS, HATS, BOOTS 4' SHOES made to order ; and also a superior article o. CUTLERY, and a Gi.Z3AL AsSORTMENT Ol Goons to suit tie Season and Customers. Persons wisalng to purchase will please call and examine. Franklin. Sept. 18, 1849. The Schr. Nimrod briogs an Axu i ocx of GOODS, for the aew SMITH at Centreville, The is varied. and lar ger and more eo!W o than the previous as. sorhment. T friends on Bayou Sai6 and elsewhere a~healfl sad essaine the new e,-ppi/. will be as reasonable as those ofa ba Franklin. reville, Sept. 18, 1849. NEW GOODS. The undersigned beg leave to direct the at. tention of their friends and the public to the Stock d GSeeds received by them per schr, Aurora Borealis, comprising a general assortment of plants rion and Ladies and Gentlemen's FANCY and DRESS 'GOODS; also a large assortment of BOOTS oad SHOES of every description. Also, Saddlery, Harness, Groceries, &c. W. S. CARY de CO. Centreville, Oct. Ist, 1849. LATEST ARRIVAL YTT!! Call at BLOCH & GODCHAUX'S, and examine their fine stock of CLOTHING, HATS, CAPS, BLANK ETS, CLOAKS, FANCY ARTICLES PERFUMERY just received and for sale at low prices. Their stock of Dry Goods, Boots, Shoes, Clothing, Fancy Goods, including a General Assortment of Fall and Winter Goods, offer great inducements to purchasers. Franklin, Oct. 11th, 1849. New Goods. The Schooner Lanfier has arrived and CHARLES B. BAYLIES Is now opening at his new store as rich and desirable a Stock of Goons (direct from New York and Boston) as has ever been offered in this mtarket, to which he would invite the attea. tion of his numerous customers and the trading community generally. Ilis stock comprises of lithe following, : London, French and Ameri. can prints, Ginghams, Rich Dress Cameleons, Figured Mohair and Vionnese Loustres, De Lames, Swiss and Jaconet Edgings and lanmert 'iags,, Fmbroided Lace, Capes, Black Silk, Vel. vet and Woolen goods of all kinds. CLOTHING Of the moat extensive and elegant styles ev t er before offered in Pattersonville. BOOTS and SHOES Of every description. . OILS, * Winter ead Summer strained bleached Sperm. do. do. super Whale. Saddlery, Crockery, Tin and Hardware. Cordage, Groceries, &c. GOLD WATCHES. Pattersonville, Sept r 1849.--2m. AYEEI'S NEW 0G0.1. supply of BHIONABLE FANY - GOODS, sma.crsT wrra curs, and purchased ea terms that will enable him to sell them on the msoat soderate teras. The Laass will pleae cll Sand examine the Goods and Prices. SAlso, an assortment of Gentlemen's FINE CLOTHING, all of which are of so saos r sal.rr. Geetlemen wishing fne Clothing at moderte prices will please call. MAYER MAYER. Franklin'. Oct. ". 1t V .