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PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY, BY TIOMAS P J50180SN, EDITOR AND PROPttrTOR. T z a . s:-Thispaper willbe famisbed teosb scribersat $3 per annem, is sedvses :4 if paid a-te expiration of six monts, or $5 at the expiration of the year. No subscription diseoentiued until all arrearages are paid, expect at the epties of the editor. Advertisements inserted at the usual price, viz Per sqetre of twelve lines, first time, $1 and at halfthat rate for every subsequent in sertion. Yearly Advertisers will be charged $10 for the fist square (twelve lines), and $5 for every addittonal square. Trnsient Advertisements, not particularly ape cified as to duration, will be inserted for three months, and charged accordingly. For annonneing candidate for office, $10 each payabl is advaone. Agecy of te Bananer. , fl V. B. Palmer, the American Newspaper Agent, is the only authorized agent for this paper in the cities of Boston, New York and Philadelphia, and is duly empowered to take ad vertisements and subscriptions at the rates as re quired by us. His receipts will be regarded as payments. His offices are-BosTon, Scollay's Building; Nzw YoRt, Tribune Buildings PmILADULPta, N. W.corner Thirdand Chest nut street'. 7 Ms. JOHN C. GORDY is an author ized Travelling Agent for the Banner, and all moneys paid him for subscription will be duly aceredited. CaIumates for Oce. For Congress. Mr. Editor - Please nounce the Hon. JOHN MOORE as a Candidte for re-election to Congress, subject to the decision of a Whig Convention. MANY VOTERS. For State Senators. Mr. Editor-Please announce that Judge W. T. PALFREY will be supported for the State Senate at the November election by MANY VOTERS. Mr. Editor-You will please annonce that I am a candidate for the State Senate at the next November election. H. C. WILSON. For Sheriff, 7 We are are authorised to announce the ..me of WM. F. HAIF LEIGH, uas a candidate fo relection, for the office of Sherif. * For Clerk, 7 We are authorised to announce Mr. J. VICTOR FOURMY, ua a candidate for rilee ioa for the office of Clerk of the :4th Judicial District Court Mr. Bs or-Pease announce in your paper that Judge J. A. DUMAKTRAIT, will be supported for the offce of Recorder, at the No vember election, by MANY VOTERS. For Assessor. f7- We are asthorised to sanounce W IL SON M'KERALL as a candidat for Parish Assessor at the November election. FRAWELiN, TWEWIAY, Jss 21. ]7- At the whig meeting held in the Court House on Saturday the bth inst., to appoint delegates to the Dis trict Convention at Donaldsonville, and the State Convention at Baton Rouge, the following delegates were appointed to the Congressional Convention: Alfred Weeks, Dr. Dungan, D. L. Rentrop, Wilson MoKerall, N. Ber. wick, A Fuselier, J. V. Fourmy, L. Grevemberg, W. T. Palfrey, Jr., Win. Pumphrey, O. Corny, Albert Heaton, W. F. Haifleigh, Thos. Wileeozon and C. M. Charpentier. On motion the delegates were in stracted to vote for the Hon. John Moore, as the candidate for Congress, as long as his name be before the Con. vention; but should it be withdrawn, they are then left to their own discre tion. On motion, Wilson McKerall, R. B. Brashear, Dr. Sanders, R. H. Day, E. B. Olivier, A. Carlin, A. L. Fields, A. W. Baker, J. A. Duomartrait, Addison Pumphrey, Joshua Carey, E. Allen, A. M. Stanley, A. Gates, Jos. Charpentier, David Kerr, J. B. Lea, Thomas Martin, and G. L Fuselier, were appointed to attend the State Convention at Baton Rouge on the 2d. Monday in August, to nominate candidates for Auditor, State Treasurer and superintendent of Public Education. No choice of eandidates was indicated by the meeting. Bewy gibbon, sq. aeted as Chair man and H. C. Wilson, Esq. as Secre tary. Qr We learn from the Thibodaux Minerva that the slave Anthony, who was tried and foeund ilty of an assault (with the intent to kill) on the overseer of Mr. P. L Cox's plantation, in the parish of Assumption, was exeouted on the 8th inst. Errcv or RatLaoAns.--t is stated Sreliable sthority, that throughout all the tates where internal improve. meats have penetrated, there has been a great advane is the price of lauds. In many instances they have doubled is~ eirr valua. khw Mons or Gta sa..a-The St. Lease oerrspondent of the- ikvaanah Georgima says that a.singukr medd of betiag is resorted to on Sairdy an the wasters waler, em which day ther is no cmrd playing allowed. The ga blers sit around a table eech hbving a lap of leaf sugar; a stake is pt ep by the playes, sad l apon whose lamp a y light wins the Upile."` Thqy al kwid bes insmng them selves upa this impetant OtOaL Tshe excitement elra waxes high, the .ly lers ever and sarued the morsels sadecided upon which to feast. T. be CUsaiered. There is abroad in the parish at this time a feeling of levity and indiffer ence in reference to Legislative offices, which unless checked by reflection and timely action upon the part of those who are largely interested in the matter, will greatly impair the dignity of the trust and fasten grievous bur dens upon the parish. It is admitted to be no healthy sign when a host of candidates are seen rising up, clamor ous for office, no matter what may be its requirements or their qualifications, and such an eruption on the body poli tic is felt as a serious evil by all good citizens. But even as it un questionably is, is the apa thy which is somea mitted to take its place. Whes,ý itber of candidates present thenielves-for the popular suffrage, a discriminating pub lic rarely fails to make the wisest .e lection which the circumstances admit; but when the educated and well in formed resolutely hold back, any selec tion from the crowd of pretenders, who early or late will rush in to fill the void, is certain to be bad. Unfortunately for the times, there is a large class in every community, who, as the prime dogma of their faith, cher ish the belief that the obtention of of lice is the baptism which will atone for the parsimony of nature in her gifts of brains, and at the same time wash away the defects of early opportuni ties; that, securing the prefix of " Hon orable" to their names will operate as "a lamp to their feet, and a light to their path" for all coming time; that the Legislative Hall is another Patmos, and every "Honorable" a veritable Jokhn glowing with inspiration and "the gift of tongues." It is a faith pler.te ous in martyrs, not, however, "martyrs of the broken heart," but of the tumid head. They erect no altars except to vanity, build no monuments but those ot stupidity, and when the term of their probation has drawn to a close are remembered not as the glory, but only the jest of the session. They have crowded our Legislative Assembly so long that it is a matter of wonder how the delusion can find new proselytes fresh material upon which to operate. That St. Mary may1 do nothing towards adding to the nuraber is " a consumma tion devoutly tobe wished," and to this and we will speak our mind freely. A Represv;ntative is an authentic re flection of the people from whom he springs; an outward sign of the inter nal affairs of the parish-its intelli gence, morals, politics; he is the hand on the dial of public affairs, indicating the point to which they have arrived in the great circle of progress. Whether they will or not, his constituents are lodged by the figure which he makes, even as they are bound, for the time being, by his votes. He is to deter mine the amount, and the objects of taxation; whether the State shall be come a borrower, and for how much, in brief-for the passage of all laws of a general or local character, within the restrictions of the Constitution, he becomes an agent with plenary pow. ers, subject to no restraint but his own instructed or misguided sense of what would be best for his constituents. We submit, that it is of some importance to this parish that her Representatives should be men of intelligence, energy and prudence. In every day affairs, in any of the industrial pursuits of life, when an in. dividual presents himself for employ ment, it is not considered "a fighting matter" to ask something concerning his qualifications for the purpose in question, before entering into an en. gagement. The rule is enforced by common prudence. Everything that sounds directly in dollars and cents quickens the spirit of inquiry, and the employer wants to be told something more than that the applicant is"a good fellow." The general reputation of "a good fellown" may insure an au dience to the happy person who revels in this extraordinary title, but will not of itself secure to him the post of an overseer upon any respectable planta tion. Other and more specifi qualifi-. cations would be requisite to get for him the job of " setting kettles," or the "taking off" of a single crop. It wouldt't begin to procure for him the directory of a "brickyard," nor the command of an expedition to the swamp to "get out pieuns," if perad venture merely U good fellows" could ever be found willing to descen'dffro their general superintendence of the afairs of the world, to any sucr leuda ble and praiseworthy pursuits. It is presumed, then, that no man who hbee brains enough to twit a gnat with infe riority, will venture to assert that the Iepresentative of a large agricultural and trading community is not called to' aMt in reference to mattert where in tellignce, judgment, energy and fore east me as much required a in any of thei etmployments, and that equal prn. deMne-seuld not obtain in making the seleeties. The interests to be affected by him, beesase more general, are not less impeorta sand the serutiny ad dressed to his qulfieostloes should, in every ease, be direct land esaohing.- Let thae be whigs of oearse: bti5e ppespeity is the aggregate re el t o individmul industry, energy aad, emterprise. The best manifestations of these are to be found is the cheoiethiat is made of the agents necessary to the diversified operations of Government, and of those agents paramount in im portance to the law-making power. In brief; then, we would conjure our fellow citizens to take the matter under serious consideration, and to select for Representatives none but steady, intel ligent and enterprising men; men who would reflect credibly upon the good sense of the parish and relieve it from the imposition of unjust and inconve nient laws. t Plain Dealer has his own opin ions, and who shall say that he has not a right to express them? The resolu tion to which he refers may be found among the proceedings of the whig meeting, in another column. (COMMUNI CATED,? MR. EDITOR--[ am told that at the meeting held on the 9th, in Franklin, to appoint delegates to the Donaldson ville Convention, the gentlemer. named as delegates were instructed to vote for Judge Moore as Congressioml Can didate " until he withdrew " or was se. licted. I think there will be no at tendance under such stringent instruc tion-nor will it be necessary; since the over~.ealous friend or friends of Judge Moore, who got up the padlock for the mouths of the delegates, might just as well have sent over a resolution of the meeting, in terms expressive of the fact, "that the whigs of St. Mary entered into the Convention to have entirely their own way in it, irrespec tive of the wishes of others-or, in oth er words, voted for Judge Moore "first, last, and all the time." Are the Judge's pretensions of that weighty and overpowering character which distances all rivalry ? Is there no room for a second choice? If so, we, the humble catspaws and most hum ble admirers of the luminary, may trust to its inherent brightness to secure the admiration of others-ergo. we need not attend the mere pro forma rotation, or record of the fact, unless for the pur pose of his further glorification-to swell the chorus of hozannas in his praise. Such instructions are not less disre spectful to the other candidates and members of the Convention from the other parishes, than derogatory to the members from St. Mary, anti instead of effecting much for the candidate, I fear will effect nothing. PLAIN DEALER. flJ- The London Leader predicts a European war, and soon. "England, even," says the Leader, "has not yet earned its peace." The Leader adds: "We speak now of specific interna. tional quarrels, which are at present in the hands of diplomatists, the explosion of which will be delayed as long as dis creet advice can prevail in the councils of the absolutist powers, but which every day becomes more difficult of treatment." RAILROAD ACCIDENT.-A telegraphic despatch to the New Orleans Picayune, dated July 8, states that at 2 o'clock that morning the freight train which left Wilmington for Philadelphia ran into Brandywine creek, at the draw of the bridge on the outskirts of the town. The accident was caused by the bridge tender going to sleep. He heard the whistle of the train coming out of Wilmington, and in his fright does not know what he did. He thinks, however, that he raised his lantern, which was the proper signal that all was right. Thus the officers of the train were deceived and thought all was right, and went ahead. The loco motive, tender and two large platform burthen cars were precipitated into the creek, presenting a mass of ruins. The engineer and fireman were drown. ed. The conductor and other persons on the train fortunately escaped. If it had been a passenger train the acci dent would have been equal tothe.Nor walk catastrophe. Gigantic Scheme.-The Natchez Cor. rier says that the connection bet*een New York and Liverpool-by railroad to theextreme North-eastern point of Nova Scotia, thence by steam to O.-i way, being only 2,000 miles of ocean navigation, and thence by railroad to Dublin, and across the channel to Livw erpool-is not unlikely to be accom phshed. The New York Mirror states that some of the shrewdest capitalists of Wall street have taken hold of the matter in earnest at this end of the route, and are pushing the work vigor ously forward to oompldlsm, while two of the heaviest Londba houses have al ready contracted fbr the building of steamers to form the mait pert of this connection. The road across Ireland, it is said, will probably be fnished within the year. R.itustiuo.-The Washington Cono ty Post says a chap in a certain village; with whom he is a.quainted, having had sanded sugar sold to him, inserted in the weekly paper the following: Notioe.-I purchased of a grocer in thi illage a quantity of sugar from wbidl obotained one poused of sand. If therseal who chetbd me will send to-my address seven pounds of good sugaW, oripture measgeof restitution) Swill be setihied; if abt I shall ex pose him. On the following day nine seven pound packages of lstgr were left at his residence from as many diferent dealers, ease suppoain hiteelf the pesoe. inteaded. DECIDEDLY HOGGISH..-We know of no more appropriate season than the present for laying before our readers the subjoined dissertation on pigs, from the pen of N. P. Willis, and originally published in the Home Journal. Much of what he says is applicable to our own town, if we may judge from the complaints that have reached us with in the last few days. One gentleman declares his inability to prevent these marauders from forcibly entering his premises, and has come to the conclu sion to shoot all those hereafter found so trespassing. This, he says, is his only protection-the sole remedy left him-unless the proper authorities will take the matter in hand. Now for the promised extract : The corner of Highland Terrace which forms our neighborhood-(a clus ter of three rural villages, cut off by Moodna Creek and its toll bridge, from the city-reach influences of Newburg) -is charmingly primitive and rural. With no pine-apples for sale, no fre. quentation by the gentlemen and ladies who make twenty-four hour excursions from New York, no billiard-table and newspaper, it is an eddy of still life, left behind in unrippled simplicity by the current of progress. Delightfully unaffected and farmer-like as life here abouts is, however, we have a class of rowdies-rowdies with a twist to their tails-and they overrule the law as ef fectually as the rowdies of New York, and by the same sort of tacit admission in the mind of the public. The pig in terest is too strong to be meddled with. But the way in which the " higher law." is openly claimed for these rural rowdies in the very heart of our pretty village of Canterbury for instance, is very curious. Out of any one of those nice white houses along the street, will come the most dainty looking young ladies, fresh from tasty parlors, and mammas that take a magazine. The pretty white fence encloses a little garden, with flower-beds edged with box, rose-bushes and lilacs. Door-bell, or brass knocker, of course. Inside the gate, all is "genteel." Outside the gate however-in the street-on the sidewalk-right before the front door and under the parlor windows-stands the family pig-trough. The family pigs have the run of the village during the day, and at night and morning they come home for their own particular swill-eaten, in the evening, perhaps, while the piono is playing on the other side of the pretty white fence. In dry weather, when there is no bed of mud in the carriage-track in the centre of the street, the gentleman pig stretches himself across the sidewalk toasleep; and, on your way to the post-office. you may walk around a score or more, or take the middle of the street. You res pect pig. You see pig. You smell pig. But beautiful young ladies sit in the windows, just over the fence. The cottagers in the country around would be less particular, of course, if there were a way to be so. than the more genteel villagers-but the pig trough outside the gate is the unvary. ing feature. And these gentlemen outlaws know the country and take long walks. Leave a bar down, or let your visitors from curiosity (as happens to me every day) forget to shut your gate as they enter, and the pigs are all over. They rooted up, for me, yester day, a green slope, covered with laurels, upon the beauty of which I had'parti cularly set my heart, cherishing it for a foreground to a picture some artist will paint for me--and it took me and my man an hour to get the unpunish. able defacers out once more on the highway. They get in at night. Here and there one climbs a wall like a clumsy boy, dragging it after him as he goes over. The religious bearing of this " hard trial" is perhaps the only one that can be safely dwelt upon. One does not say his prayers near so easily, I find, after driving out pigs morning and evening, nor begin very immediately again, to " love his neigh. bor as himself." It is against the law-everybody knows--for pigs to be turned loose on a public highway. Any one of my, daily trespassers could be lawfully driven, by me, five miles to the near est " pound"-I could then lawfully take pains that the sheriff gave notice to the owner that his pig was there lawfully see that the poor animal was kept from starving for the several days before be might be taken away-law. fully go four or five miles to attend the justice's court, and appear as prosecu tor-lawfully pay my owl expenses for this two or three weeks of trouble, travel and vexation-and lawfully make an enemy for life of the owner of the trespassing swine, who would perhaps have a dollar of fine to pay, in conse. qnence of my prosecation of him. All this it costs to follow ap onm trespass by one pig. Pig enderance costs less. But the village of Newburgh only feur miles from as, has otlived this stage of progress. PIg.vagrancy has been put down in its beaQtifal streets owing, however, to the resolute public spirit of a single individual. Downing, to whom the country owes so much for its advances of refinement and embel lishment, undertook to suppress pig at Newburgh, where he resided. He was told it was Quixotic-that the time money and trouble it would cost might ruin him-that his grounds would be disfigured, his trees girdled, and his garden of precious plants torn in pieces by the unforiated people-that the poor had no place to keep their pigs, and there was much to be got by a smart pig on the publil highway. His self-interest, and pity for the pig propri etor, were both appealed to. He per severed, however, patiently and long --and succeede}. Now we want such a pig apostle at Canterburyr-some pide spried gen erous and kindly ma ho will make himself remotely beloved and remem bored by such a osesade of uwpopula rity against the rowdies at our gtes. We wait for him, as New York waits for her pig-apostle. Let us make ready to give their advents a welcome. g7 It is now said to be doubtfhl whether Mr. Buchanan will go out at Minister to England. [From the New York Tribune.] Washing Clothes with Steam. We lately visited the wash-room of the St. Nicholas Hotel for the purpose of witnessing the operation of cleansing dirty linen by steam; without rubbing it to rags or wearing out the hands of the washer-woman. The operation is simple, and the result perfect. The clothes are washed and dried ready for the ironer in less than thirty minutes. One man and three woman do all the washing for this hotel, amounting to from 3,000 to 5,000 pieces a day, and their labor is not half as severe as that of a woman who rubs the dirt out of two or three dozen pieces upon her hands or the wash-boards. To enable our female friends to un derstand how this great labor-saving is I effected, we will describe the machine and its operations so far as we have the ability. A strong wooden cylinder, four feet diameter, and four and a half feet long, is mounted on a frame, so as to be driven by a band on one end of the shaft. This shaft is hollow, with pipes so con nected with it that hot or cold water, or steam, can be introduced at the op tion of the person in charge. The cyl inder being half full of water, a door at one end is opened, and 300 to 500 pieces of clothing are thrown in, with a suit able quantity of soap, and an alkaline fluid which assists in dissolving the dirt and bleach the fabric, so that' clothes after being washed in this man ner increase in whiteness without hay. ing the texture injured. When the cylinder is changed it is put in motion by a small steam engine, and made to revolve slowly, frst one way a few revolutions and then the other, by which the clothes are thrown from side to side, in and out and rirough' the water. During this operatibn the steam is let in through a double-mouth pipe-somewhat in this shape-X-- which has one mouth in and one mouth out of water; the steam entering the water through the immersed end and escaping through the other, by which means it is made to pass through the clothes, completely cleansing them ihb fifteen or twenty minutes. The-steam is now cut off, and the hot water drawn through the waste pipe, and then cold water introduced, which rinses the ar ticles in a few more turns of the cylin. der. They are now suffered to drain until the operator is ready to take them out, when they are'put into the drying machine, which runs like a mill-stone, and its operation may be understood by supposing that mill-stone to be a shallow tub, with wire net-work sides, against which the clothes being placed it is put in rapid motion, the air passing in a strong current into the top and bottom of the tub and out of the sides carries all the moisture with it into the outside case, from whence it runs away. The length of time requisite to dry the clothes, depends upon the rapidity of the revolving tub. If it should run 3000 revolutions a minute, five to seven minutes would be quite sufficient. When there is not sufficient steam to run the dryer with that speed, it re quires double that. In washing and drying there is nothing to injure the fabric. Ladies' caps and laces are put up in netting bags and are not rubbed by hand or machine to chafe or tear them in the least, but are cleansed most perfectly. It can readily be imagined what a long line of wash tubs would be re quired to wash 5,000 pieces a day, and what a big clothes-yard to dry them in; while here the wcrk is done by four persons, who only occupy part of a basement room, the other part being occupied by the mangle, and ironing, and folding tables. Adjoining are the airing frames, which are hung with clothes, and then shoved into a room. steam-pipe heated, when they are com pletely dried in a few minutes. Small Family Machines-Almost the first thought, after witnessing the ope ration of this machine, was, can wash. ing be done upon the same principle in small families? To our inquiries upon this point we have received the following satisfactory information. For common family use, hand ma chines are made to cost from $40 to $50, with which a woman can wash fifty pieces at a time and complete 500 in a day without laboring severely. For the purpose of washing, without driving the machinery by steam, a very small boiler will be sufficient. It is not necessary to have a head of water as that can be found in the cylinder, which can be turned by horses or any other convenient power. The plan of cleansing clothes by steam is not a new one, but it is contended by the inventor that his process is an smi provement upon all heretofore applied to that purpose. TAI Opelouss Road.-A letter from New Orleans, written Iby Mr. David Riker, of the firm of Hacker & Riker, of Charleston, is quoted in the Charles ton Meroury of the 8th. It states the firm have made a contract with the Board of Directors of the New Orleans, Opeeousas and Groat Western Railroad Company, to supply all the east iron work that railroad may require, as also all fhe cars, boel passenger and freight, of aH kinds, and that in consequence thereof they intend erecting a branch establishment of their lhsiness at Al giers, opposite lPew (rleat's. Mr. Riker pronounces tfis railroad to be one of the" best in' the West, the grades in two hundred miles not being five feet. It passes h'rouh one of the most productive ptb of L onibiana, and one which mihbt well be called the gardens of t'eWeet. The iron has already been lu.id on fifteen miles of the track, and ib a few weeks it is ex peoted that thb.',ve will be ready to receive the rails.d. the rate of seven miler per month. S[Picayue. IMeAUGUZTIOn.-The Crystal Palace, at New York, was inaugurated on the 14th ibstant, in the presence of an im mea.e assemblage, among whom were Presidtent Pierce and other high funo tionasi s. The ceremonies are regard das the most imposing ever witnessed thisrv After the opening speech which was-delivered by the President of the association, Gen. Pierce addressed the assembly. Clippiags from our Exchanges. The citizens of Tuscaloosa are seri ously agitating the propriety of con necting that city by railroad with the Mobile and Ohio road. A meeting was called to take place on the 4th to dis cuss the subject. It appears from the Pension bffice report that land warrants hath been is sued to the amount of nine m'illions nine hundred and thirty-five thousand three hundred and twenty acres. The St. John, N. B., papers sr4er that the attempt to enforce the Maine Li quor Law in that prohiii e has proved a failure. Some friends of the mea sure having instituted prosecutions at Richmond, their opponents, by way of retaliation, procured a quantity of gun powder, and blew the Temperance Hall to atoms. Some uneasiness has been produced at St. John in consequpince of the reported arming of the Yankee fishermen. The mackerel fishing at the Magdalen Islands so far id'eViared to nave been an utter failure. The New Hampshire Legislature has adjourned. aDring the session a very stringent law was passed for the pre vention of raitr6ad accidents and the management of trains. All the propo sitions concerning the sale of r, together with several bank ' lo0a, were postponed. It wab recently dedided in England,; ih a dase of the mate of the U. S. Maill steamer Hermann, that where an officer' of an American vessel is charged with' committing an offence on board that: vessel while she lies in a foreign port, the ship may be boarded by the police of the port, the officer arrested and cat ried on shore, and the vessel deprived: of his services for the voyage. Richard W. Walker, the whig nomi nee for Governor of the State of Ala bama, has written a letter withdraw ing his name from the canvass, bein physically unable to undertake the du ty. The Montgomery Journal substi:" tutes the name of Mr. Eaest, but the' Mobile Advertiser' contiiiues that of Mr. Walkei, and advises the Wbigs'to. vote for him, nevertheless. One thoesand lives have' lben des troyed by an earthquake iA Persia, at the city of Shiraz, on the I5th ult. Half a million of ounces of gold were shipped from Australia from the 1st of Januafy; 1853, to the 8th of April. At the recejt': mreeting of the stock holders of the Washington and New Orleans Telegrqph Company, held at Washington;, W. O. Thomas and R. Geddes, werh'eleoted Di.ectors of the companyffor the city of New Orleans. A lettirn just published of the ex ports of'British manufactures to Turkey, Russia and Australia in 1851, shows the'akgregate value of the yearly ex portt to both Austria and. Russia does not amount to more than 15 per cent.. of the value of the exports to the United States. Seba Smith publishes a paper called the "" Budget." One side is entitled the ' Lyvil," and edited by Mrs. E. Oakes Smith. The True National Democrat says "this is the first time the couple have been on the same sheet for the last two years." A law has gone into operation in Rhode Island prescribing 10 hours as a legal day's work. It also forbids the employment of children under 12 years of age in any manufacturing establish-. ment. At the sale of the collection of auto graphs, belonging to the Italian family of Tuseli, and sold. the 15th, in London, the signature of Washington to a docu-. ment accrediting the American Minis. ter to the first French Republic was. sold for £1. 6s. We do not know who, was the purchaser. Pmfilghapman died in Philadelphia on the st inst., at the venrrable age of 74 years. He was connesed with the Pennsylvania University u)ards of 40 years. . A shocking accident occurred in Richmond, Vt., on the Ist inst. The' neck of a Mr. Mason came in contact' with a circular saw. which instantly severed his head from his body. George Ankeobuer, of Cincinnati,. has constructed a model for monuments - of pine blocks, which isonine feet high' and two feet ten inches square, put to gether without either nails or glue. The editor of the Newburyport Union ' has been presented with an arm chair, 110 years old, and for a long time said to have been in the possession of the eccentric Lord Timothy Dexter. The New York Herald, of the 5th; inst., states that on Change in that city' much complaint was made among th.' merchants of the putting of Mr. Nes. bitt's name on the new envelopes. The Washington RepMblie annouaseer the arrival in Washington City on the 5th, of Judge Campbell, of the U. Si Supreme Court, and C. M Conrad, of Louisiana, late Secretary of War. Hon Albert Pillsbury has been nomd" nated for Governor by the Maine Demoe cratic State Convention. The Fourth of July was celebrated at Tarrytown, N. Y, by laying the cor ner stone of a monument to desiguat" the spot where Major Andre was cap. tured. The editors and publishers in Ohio" are to hold a State Convention in Co- lumbus on the 10th of next January. The Roman Catholic papers of Moen treal say that Gavazzi s now in Tls- cany, and that the Gavazzi of this country is an impostor. Dr. A. B. Crane was mortally wound ed in a rencounter at the Oriental Ho tel, San Francisco, on the morning of the 11th nlt. The deceased was from Alexandria, Louisiana, and a sa of Judge Crane, of Mississippi. SThe most scces.fal whali voyage, and the one which amonuptb to the most money, is that of the 'sip Moatrsa, Captain Fish, recently airir ed at New Bedford. She war absea thirty-two months and iftft, days and daring that time she-obtained a cargo which sold. oo het. retnr ip $136,023 19.