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«.W.Mhi B. P. Holter. W. f. Bbckmai Stafford, Hunter & Blackmail EDITORS. EOBT. P. HUNT1R • • —AND— BUSINESS Proprietor MANAGER r. B. STEWART, - - PUBLISHER Agents. O. W.BOLTON, Pineville and North Red River. 1). C. TAUL, Spring Creek THOS. MclNTYRE,.... New Orleans ALEXANDRIA, LA.: Sat ur« l«iy,..Jiiljr 1I, IÇT4. WW Hereafter no Communication will be published in the C aucasian, unless accompanied with the name of the writer. Call for a ICass Meeting! —™""" • White Maa'i FartyOrgaa iratlom ! ! Colfax SATURDAY, Jaly m Montgomery, LA^ l July 7th, 1874. f Editors Caucasian : Gentlemen Feeling confident that y our paper has a gr e a ter cir culation among the white people of the Parish of Grant, owing to the true, and nndeflled doctrine it ad vocates, you will please give notice through your columns, that the peo ple of the Parish of Grant, in oppo Hition to negro rule and snprenA ojv wil£ convene at Colfax , on Saturday , the 25th inst, in Mass Meeting, for the purpose of organ izing the White 'Man's Party, for the Fall campaign. Very Respectfully, DUNN & McCAIN. The State Cosivsntian at AlmiiAia. The papers are taking up our .call and it is now certain that the Con vention will be held either at Alex andria or at Baton Bouge. Our town is more central than Baton Bouge, and besides being more convenient to a majority of the peo pie of the State, we can and do offer all the facilities and accom modations that "Baton IJouge can proffer. Let us have it here and fix your own time ! September as suggest ed by tbeOpelousas Courier, in too late. The 3d of August fixed upon by the Democrat and ourselves is now too soon. Suppose we say Saturday, September 1st. <- Thk Mails. —Iii response to-our question in onr last issue m to who wm to blame for the fui il are of otir mails« ColN. L. Me Gi nni«, tbe obliging Mid gentlemanly agent of tbe mail contractor and Superin tendent of tbe stage line, 'informs as that the fhult lies with the slow boats which •re now bringing tbe mails from New Or leans to the month at Red River. He osys that the Pargond is «he only boat that gets to the month on soheddle time regu larly— that the others ate frequently be hind time—that the stage always wait? one hear and that he oan wait no longer because their contract obligee them ' to reach hero at a certain time, and that be has to make np the one honr on the road by extra hard driving of his borte«. W© Nave no doubt that this is so and that Col. McGinnis does all he ean do-to give ns reg ular mails. He has just returned from a trip of personal inspection to the month and we are gratified to record that tbe mails are now running regularly. -We are, no chronic grambter and While we shall always censure neglect, we ara ever ready to praise the mail contractor for regularity and promptness. Keep it op gentlemen, and wo are yarns truly! Personali —W e had the pleas urelast week of s good deal of pleasant intercourse with Doctor Tresevant,-whé was here in the in tereat ofths B ik e u p sa t Timm, of which wide-awake and fearless Journal, he is ooe of the Proprietors. The Doctor is a pleasant com panion and a genial gentleman. His social qualities sod gsntiemaa ly bearing, as weH ss his being the representative of the Time», an ex ceedingly popular paper here, made him the object of no iHtle polite attention from the citizens of onr Town and country generally. We are plèaaed to lèarn that he got a respectable patronage here for his worthy paper, despite the hard imes, THAT RAILBOAS SCHTlfl We are again in the Iftidst für ore about tlieBail Boad tram New Orleans to Shres «port Thia time it is tie Louisiaiia Central Bail fttcjf Company, wi# want ua to give them a bonus. Mr. F. W. Kellogg, one of the incorporators, we believe, agent at least, for that company, reached here on Monday and called a meeting at the Town Hall on that night where be deliv ered a somewhat lengthy and rath er humorous address on Bail Boad matters in particular, and all other subjects generally. We have nö doubt that lie is a very nice old gentleman and it is principally on that account we regret that we conceive it to be our duty as. a pub lic journalist to oppose his scheme with all the vigor we possess. To get inmedias res. On Tuesday last he submitted in writing to the Police Jury« then in session the fol lowing proposition: * That thePplice Jury should sub mit to the people of this parish for specially held for that purpose, an agreement in writing that the) would donate to the Louisiana Cen tral Bail way Company Three Huß dred Thoummd Dollars in bonds— payable twenty years after date, and bearing seven per cent interest, on the following condition; vis: That when they have built the road from Alexandria to Lccompte and equipped it with rolling stock they are to have Two Hundred Thousand Dollars of that amount in bonds of the parish, and when they shall have completed the road through the parish, they are to have the other One Hundred Thou their decision, at an election to be sand Dollars. This is substantial ly their proposition. Ko request that we take stock to that amount No proposal that we should loan them that amount and take a mort gage, even a second mortgage, upon the road to secure ourselves, but they want a donation, a giß, a grat uitous grant to them of that amount. The Police Ju^ very wisely and sensibly laid the matter on the ta ble^ under advisement until their meeting in September next Now we-wish to consider this rather bold and somewhat brazen proposition and to lay it before our readers in its true lightj.so that if it ever is put before them for their vote, they may at least know what they are doing. In tho first place, Mr. Kel logg gives ns no guaranty that Mr. Eber B. Ward of Michigan, intends to invest one dollar in this enter prise, to use a slang expression— that he "means business." It is true he did talk about Mr. Ward and about Tom Scott, the Bail Boad King, but in business matters we want more than "talk," we want facts and figure» We do not be lieve that either Mr. Ward or Mr. Tom Scott are big enough fools to bring and invest in the State ot Louisiana, under its present State government, the millions of fash money that it will take to build a Bail Boad from Vermillionville to Shreveport We won't believe'that they are so demented until we see documentary evidence of the fact; something move is needed than the mere obtaining ot* a charter from the Kaugaroo Legislature of Lou iaiana. The very same Legislature which paused a Funding Bill pro posing to repudiate Twenty Seven Millions Dollars of as valid debts against the State as this debt would be against this Parish. That is too thin, you know 1 In the next place. The point which snggsstnitsélf st once to any one is; What gu a ran ty do you propose to give as that even if you dago to work sad complete the short road of s U t i oen miles from Alexandria to Leoompte, and we give yon the #200,000 in 7 per cent bonds, that you will ever build another foot of the road to-connect Shreveport and New Orleans T We propounded this query to Mr. Kellogg r and his answer was that the only guaranty he proposes to give is his interest in the com pletion of the road. But, said we. that sixteen miles of road, and ba*e got and sold oar T-20 bonds. piniwwiwiw. suppose that after you have built you conclude that it is not to your interest to complete tip rä|g, where then do We "yon mm ha ajsdrta to ppied; it ma; want to int "Ah* fi$ said— he road frfll| Alex pte." B we re that we might not dtar for so small a whistle. It is more than proba ble, that the Bayou Bapid# and Cotile, the Pinewqods^on both sides, of Bed Biver and the Bed »iver people might not want to pay such onerous taxes for the benefit of Bayuu Bœuf exclusively be could make no answer. It will not have escaped tha i ory of our ^pdacsbr that two ot three years ago,. while Mr. James B. Andrews was President, of the Police Jury, a somewhat similar proposition was made by a Mr, J M. Corse» representing the Baton Bouge and Vicksbnrg, or some oth Bailroad, with thia difl ere n c^^t h st he wanted only $100^00 and that was not to be given him untü the road was in complete £unuing order and the cars Carrying yaiwangergaDd freight from one end of the parish the other. This proposition was defeated in tbePoiiee Jury, beeadse there was a Mr. Edwards, here rep cgsenting what was to he the Ix>ui siana Central Bail Road Company, when they got their Charter, the big gun of which concern was to be Mr. Eher £ Ward of Michigan. This Company proposed to build the road tor "nothing if they could only get their Charter. "They didn't want and didn't expect a single cent from the people." They were going to build it with their own money, ând of course, we refused to give Corse #100,000 to do what these gentlemen proposed to do gratuitously. Now the only differ between this and the old con cern is that they have substituted the word "Bailway"-for 'T.iail Boad" in their title, that they have got tliteir Charter, that they have Mr. Kellogg for ah agent instead of our fat and over-sanguine friend Ed wards, and that they talk mighty aboht big Tom Scott. The enquiry is a ; pertinent one right here : Why is it„ that if yon were so anxiout» to build your road on your own account three years ago you must have these heavy do nations nowf Mr. Kellogg says, "Oh ! the people must show an in terest in the matter or we can't sell our own bonds." That's all stuff and balderdash ! What do the cap italists care whether tbe people are interested or iiotf They only look at two things; is it sale? and does it i)ay T And again. Let us how count figures ou tliHse gentlemen. Seven per cent, on three hundred thousand dollars is $21,000 a year, to be paid semi-annually in greenbacks. In twenty years this would amount to $120,000. This added to the original $300.000, also to be paid in currency, would make the whole debt $720,000. This is supposing that the road was completed from New Orleans to Shreveport; Now let us see how we wou® stand if they only built to road to Lecompte and stopped there. They do not propose to give ns any other guaranty than their interest, that they wiH go any further. And they are to have the bonds when tbe sixteen miles is completed. $200,000 at 7 per cent is $14,000 per year. This for twenty yéars would make $280, 000 in interest. Add this tp the or iginal $200,000 and we wonld pay tor this sixteen miles bf road, $480, 000. The extreme limits of the par ish in a straight line would not be much, if any, over forty miles. Then forty into $720,000 gives a quotient of $18,000 per mile, that we wonld have paid in the first case, 1. e. supposing that they btrild the road through. Taking the second case and supposing that they onl; bnild it to Lecompte, sixteen miles, and dividing , $480,000 by sixteen we have s quotient of ($80,000) thir ty thousand dollars per mile I And this too as a donation. It we were to take stock and have our voice in the management of the road might possibly d<», bat we would be crazy to pay that n racfr then tor such a Bail Boad. We would be y Z . AV fools, more than idiots to give thm much money to somebody else. If it we are bound to have the road at thafcpriee, let us sell our own bonds «gd baiW and owif it ourselves. The las* idea we with to present Is the «Ktreme dangpr of fooling lb tl® bond qnâÉon without proper security and unquestionable fswrswBtees. The poment these bonds get Into the bands of this or any other company,they would rush offtoNewTork and sell them for fcfcat (lief could They want them made payable to "bearer 9 and they wonld then pass into the hands Of third Kofdei* iota valuable considemtfoh; and to — * —hath snfinsas , "SJT er or aota single mile of Bau Boad -, - . was ever buüt by the company to which they wer? laaoed. Weconld not plead as against an innocent third holder, for a valuable eonsid eration, before maturity, any of the equities of onr nontraet with the pony to whom we «Ivo them. Ws want a Bail Bond provided we can .getane on fair and equita bte terrae Wn sre willing that our Parish ahouidtake stoek in any res aonable amount, or that vfà shall loan onr credit to any reliable set of men, provided wé are secured by first mortgage on the track and roll ing stock In our parish, but we are violently opposed to making any donations to this or any other Com pany, to try an experiment, tho. rfe suit of which we ean only surmise. The increase in value of real estate would rather "retard thau promote white immigration in our parish which we need more than anything eise; because if they do not come and buy our lands when they are cheap, how are we to expect them to come and buy them at an in creased value V A Bail Boad lnigli increase the interest in the cultiva tion of sor lauds but that' would on ly bring more negroes here, and would increase our political troubles It might bring about a fictitious nse in the value of land, but it can bring no real increase of value un til our labor problem is solved and our political situation improved. The permanent value of our lands depends upon, the solution of these questions. It will certainly help us but precious little to voluntarily double a rate of taxation which is bankrupting us now to pay. In stead of helping Alexandria per manently, our opinion is that a through road from Shreveport to New Orleans would build up Shreve port and kill Alexandria as deSd as a hammer. We will discuss this question of the proposed benefit to be derived from this road at great er length in our next issue and give the reasons upon which we base an opinion so contrary to the general ly received, idea prevailing here. For the present we close by saying that we stlnd, square and flat-foot ed dead against this Bail Boad any way h npon the terms offered by them. ter, State Grange, >- - ■ i'Zm The Wave —^This picayune rad ical sheet published way over at Mandeville, in St. Tammany parish among the "rosin heels", plays fun ny and makes the Caucasian the subject of its Leet-tis wit, feeble Cal. M.ny and asinine braying. We are by the Wave like the Cal ifornian was by the chap from tbe East who had drawn upon him a small Smiths Wesson pistol. The Californias thus addressed him: "Look here, Stranger, if you was to shoot me with that thing and I should ever find it out I would give you h —1. " Bang away "tar heel"! But if we ever find out that you are shooting at us we'll go for yon. The Louisiana Democrat an nounces the appointment of a son of Gov." J. M. Wells, as a Cadet at West point, Trom this District We congratulate the Gov. and the young gentleman upon his good fortune. We will 'depend upon you, Mr Scott, to show them What. Bapides can do, and we doubt pot but that you will be *ay up in your classes. Success to you . 1 .. X3T There will be a special meeting of tbe Alexandria Grange at their Hall^ou Monday, July 13tb, at. 10 o!çîock^ M. The Grange will be ad* dreised hy Wm. Akers, Deputy Mas Daniel Gebr sells fans cheap. Only five epuls. About tha BiDroad. W" ; We fed ml •ays' We waat to «Satt madMfar got to pat id tbe road f for a satisfactory answer to theee quae ^ioos before we go one siegle step far $£p. Of course, if we listen to' them, they are all going to build it right away, and they have all got that re "111 and the thing IP® do repre has he We snpslate «ebene, all dependeat a road with a good deal of ear m— "«y and haying it run by them and in their present ease they ask as lot Ei gh te e n Ttyusand Dollar* (a mile I they ask as to build it and tarn it over to them to reap the profita.. And when they propose to os to -give them Four Hun dred and Eighty Thousand Dollars when they have built only sixteen mile* , and do -not propose to give as any other guaranty than "their inter' est in completing the road," for the Sftmftat fftiug and donating to them I 10 "* hnDdn;di •£ thousands of dollars ÙTIieMItrTMrisaifo«m SAA-sab . .... ... V .. . scriptieae to weir noes, Vue seen ola don 't do at *H~-nor do they ever want borrow-any money from us npon mortgage, oh. no ! We most make a donatio* * them fer tim.bl. pri'OqP «f »«h» I!«. MM ... hUMt A.d .IMM M "r* Thirty Thousand Dollars a mile / thati we ate to pay them, Ibey simply ask i of ns to pay tor building the road that far, equipping it with rolling |tock, and besides turning it over to them to make whatever profit they could out of it, tlint we should give them about Ten Thousand Dollars a mile or One Hundred and Sixty Thousand Dollars to keep them a going on their own .ac count, and we to have no voieo in the management of the road. Tltey have recorded n mortgage here in favor of some " Loan and Indemni ty C ompany for Six Millions of-DolIars on-the rond, and no matter what con t ract they were to make with us, that mortgiige would always be ahead ot us mid that Loan aud Indemnity Co., could at any time sell them oat and cut us off from all equities ef ear con tracts with this Company now here. Besides, Six Millions of Dollnrs will not build the road from Shreveporf to Vermillionville, unless it costs only $24,000 per mile, for they fix the dis tance at 250 miles. If that is nil it costs, in the fifst case they nsk us to give them $18,000 per mile for the 40 miles from one-ftne of onr Parish to the other, only $6,000 per mile less .than the wlîble cost; and for the six teen miles should they stop when they got that finished, we will have paid them $30,000 jßst mile or $6,000 per mile more than it cost to build the road that sixteen miles. We would muke $96,000 by building that sixteen miles ourselves, and giving it to the Com pany! This $96.000 distributed so as to pay the $6,000 a mile we are short on the whole forty miles of parish line, would Just make ns pay for sixteen miles more, even, and add to this six teen miles, tbe sixteen we had already more than built and yre wonld have entirely built 32 miles oat .of forty, leaving them only 8 miles to build at their own expense. This is just bow tbe matter stands. The question is are yon willing to do this Î We are in favor of a Rail Road, bat wo want in the first place, somebody to bnild it with his own money. If we can't get that we are willing to take stock to a reasonable amount, say $100,000 cash and no interest. If they don't want as to take stock,, we are willing to loan them, say $100,000 or $200,000 and take a first mortgage on the road to secure its retort, but we are opposed to any donations to this or ary other company. We want a Rail Road, but we don't want it bad enough to bnild it and then give it away to somebody to run it. And fi nally, if we have to do that and must build it and give it away, let us give it to some ot onr poor starving and al ready over-taxed people at home, iy We learn from a private letter from NeW Orleans to a gentleman here, who had sent- down a draft on tbe '' Fbekd ma.n's National Saving's Bank and T rust C ompany , of New Orleans, that it bas "bnsted" and is now in tbe bands of commissioners, receivers,, or somebsdy else. We aie informed that there wras there on special deposit |51ä0,00 of tbe school funds of (his parish, and that Jobn DeLacy had about |4000 ot Iris individual money there. That's the *r*y"fo "save" the nteney for the "freedmen" who put their money there in "trnst " . • Tbe Science of ^Health says it is unhealthy for married persona to sleep together.—[Ex We will take the risk any how. ty We are under obligations to G. C. Hamilton, for appreciated paper favors. m m* Thia is the qaeetioa that is sow agi» tating the mind« of the people of tbie Httle dty, and tbe aigameoto pro and eon, are at time« bitter and somewhat laughable. One would imagine that I he opponent« of tbe proposition sub mitted by Col, Kellogg, of tbe Louis iana Central Rail Way Company were opposed to Rail Road« oa general prié» xsziïss aaçMï» We have much to «ey in* thia issue ot the rather nnprecidented proposal ot Col. Kellogg, but we do nit be understood that we af# o( pony or any other company. N« we uawiHtaf «hat •enable and feaaable plan, that would give na tbiagnsatfy nee d ed work. Hew *■*'*««» fliiw safety to the «repetf* MMWrs, is a , fiffM pift reflect iion. The policy of giving direct sub sidiee to Bail Roads in thOlNéMMSr States, where it has been dons more frequently than In any Other eountry, is now denonnced as being wrong fn principle, and entailing a burdeu of taxation for wbioh the taxpayers ob* tain.no adequate compensatio». The. property holders gave the money to. boild the road and bad no voice what . . . ... ZT ■ ~7~ lever in the control of the corporation' and were forced to submit to the most exborhifant tariff in tlie i tion of their tariflb. The exhorCttânt demands of Rail Road monopolies that have been subsided- by tbe fierai State and municipal government« cre ated such dissatisfaetioa, on tbe part of the producer, tfiat gave rise to tbat powerful organization Called the Pa trons of Husbandry, the great object of which is to rednee the freight on their products. Political meetings of tho people of both parties for tbe last three years bave censored Congress for its lavish land grants^ and «obsidie« to Kail Road companies; so the «onnd and practical judgment of tbe people, after years of expetience in those Statesand cities where subsidies have been grant ed is opposed to the policy aad princi ple. There is no question that a Rail Road giving us direet communication with New Orleans and Shreveport, tbo terminas of the Texas Pacific, would 0 be of almost incalculable benefit to this city and parish. This great road will nt some future day be constructed, as the exactions of commerce will force it* through. How long before this is done, and whether any kind of aid that we could legitimately give, would hasten its completion, is a matter for consider ation. The fact is, that tbe Rail Road men who have been hammering at this ronte, for many years, bave failed to insprre any great ^amount of confi dence in our community, that they were in earnest iu tlieir intentions, and really iu tended to complete the Road instead of getting all they conld and then speculate on their Charter privile ges and subsidies. We bave frequent ly heard, in the discussion of this ques tion for the last several years, a large class of the best and most conservative thinking men in the parish—expresa a willingness to assist in the building, or extending aid to any company, by the parish in its corporate capacity— taking stock for which her bonds should be given, and interest payable annual ly. This following proposition seems to meet with greater favor than any that has been discussed. That tbe par ish would agree to take stock to the amount of Two or Three Hundred Thousand Dollars in any company that would build the road from New Or leans, through tbe parish, .and issue bonds with iuterest, payable annually for the stock, the bonds not to be de livered until the road was completed. Perhaps this would be the only aid that the people of thm parish would b» willing to extend to any company, and a great deal would be ssrid on both sides of the question before even this proposition was voted for.. The Fibstof the Season .—On Monday laat our friend Simon Weil, sent us from his plantation on Bay on Bapides, a fine large Water melon, the first of the season we had seen. We ate that splendid red meat melon with gusto and as the Caucasians stowed away tho slices, blessing's innumerable wero showered.npon onr kind friend for his générons remembrance of us. Many thanks, Simon I May tho caterpillars skip your cotton fields, your corn make a hundred bushels to the acre, the rain apare your fod der, the Sharbon miss yonr stock, and may you "five foTever and 'fitt er die?