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Jeffersonian Republican. [volume] (Stroudsburg, Pa.) 1840-1853, July 24, 1840, Image 2

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Quakers. In IG77, in rompanv mhh Ooorge i
Fox and Robert Barclay, he again sfct ssil on a
ruliinons visit to Holland and Germany, where
he and his friends were reroivod'by many pi
us persons, as the ministers of Christ, parucu-
'arly, h-the Princess Elizabeth of JJohenna
fhe persecutions of dissenters continuing to
rae, notwithstanding their repeated appjica
tions to parliament lor sufferance and protec
ttnn. Win. Penn now turned his thoughts to
waids a settlement in the New World, as a
place, where himself and his friends might cn-
lov 'their relinious opinions, without molrsta
tion, and where an example might be set to the
-jtjfrinns of a just and righteous government.
"Thrre may bo room' said he, " though not
here,Jbr such a holy experiment." He there
fore, in 1 6S , solicited a patent from Charles 1 1 ,
for a province in North America, -which the
King readily granted, in consideration of his fa
there services, and of a debt still due to him
from the crown. Penn soon after published a
description of the province, proposing easy
:crms of settlement to such as might be dispo
sed to go thither.
lie also wrote to the Indian natives inform
ing tlicm of his desire to hold his possession
with their consent and good will, He then
drew np the l Fundamental Constitution of
Pennsylvania," and the following year he pub
lished" the Frame of Government a law of
which code held out a greater degree of reli
gions liberty than had at that time been allow
ed in the world. All persons living in this
province, who confess and acknowledge the
one Almighty and Eternal (rod to be the Crea
tor Ruler and Upholder of the world, and -hold
themselves obliged in conscience to live peace
ably and justly in civil society, shall in no wise
he molested or prejudiced for their religious
persuasion or practice, in matters of faith and
worship; nor shall they be compelled at any
lime, to frequent or man'ain any religious wor-
"&uin. iipate ur n:i:nsuv wiiiiisuuici. Ol'uilltorv
the nnblicatior ct these proposals, many res-!
j'sectable families removed to the new province
the chy of Philadeldhla was laid out on the
banks of the Delaware ; and in 16S2, the pro
prietor visited his newly acquired territory
.where he remained about two years, adjusting
its Voncem';, and establishing a friendly inter-
coarse with his neighbours: during which period ;
;no less than fifty vessels arrivdd with setilers J
from England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Hol-j
land and Germany. Soon after Penn returned
to Etrgiand, King Charles died : the respect
which James II bore to the late Admiral, wlio
had recommended his son to his favor, procured
to" him free access at court. He made use ot
iludrnmnTnin sli,it ih rlWcm nf liisl
persecuted bretheren, 1500 of whom remained
in prison, at the decease of the late King. At
the revolution in 1 GSS, I?enn's intimacy with
the abdicated monarch created suspicions, of
which he repeatedly cleared himself before au
thority, until he was accused by a profligate
wretch, whom the parliament afterwards de
clared to be a cheat and an imposter. Not ca
ring to expose himself to the oaths of such a
man, he withdrew from public notice until ?93.
In that yeaT, through the mediations of his
friends at court, he was once more acquitted of
all suspicion ol guilt. The most generally known
production of his temporary seclusion, bears the
title of " Truits of Solitude, in Reflections and j
Life." Kot long after his restoration to Socie
ty he lost his wife, to which he said all his other
troubles were as nothing In comparison. He
travelled however in the same year, in the
West of England, and in the next prosecuted
an application to parliament for the relief of
fiends in the case of oaths. In 1696, he mar
red a second wife, Hannah the daugter of
Thomas CallowliiH, cn emminent merchant of
Bristol, and 50on after buried his eldest son
'Sprircgeu, a remarkably pious and promising
youth.' In 3 698, he travelled in Ireland and re-1
sided the folIowing3-ear at Bristol. He then
-sailed again for Pennsylvania, with his second
wife and family, intending to make his province
the place of therir future rdsidence ; but advan
tage was taken of their absence to undermine
proprietary goven.ments, under the color of thp
jviiigs prerogative, and he thought it necessa
ry lOireturn to England again in 170L After
?1iTb Viarrival the measure was laid aside, and
Irc'mrbecame once more welcome at court, on
the accession of Queen nne. In 1710 find
ing tiie -air near the city to disagree with his
. eclining"hes1h, lie took a handsome seat in
'ifftCkingljanysliKs at wdiich he continued to re
side, during iii remainder of his life. In
1712 "he had throe disthfet fits of the apoplectic
"kind. The last of iheseso impaired his mem
ory and undetstanding as to render him ever af-
"Wr, unfit .foiiawon ; buttle continued to deliv
er at thom?eiU!g at Reading short and sound
sensible expression's. In 1717 hs scarce
'Jykncw his old aequainlancr, or could walk
'without leading. fie died July 30, 1718, The
twruings of Win. Peim'(ifrst published ijj two
volumes folio) "bespeak his character as a chris
tflh and a philanthropist. Of his ability as a
pojwcian anu u jcgisiaior , j,ne prospermaoj
PtnoyVffma is a htstin
f.i-en $i1fnVcii of whom
livooTlsfHSm, V
r.nd Lfiiia were tlie issue of lirJt-wjta
c jFt1iJ1Uunafi, Mttrgaiet, RicliHrdand 'Den-
ins 31 minors, tu ins "Uuvjiu.
Northern New Fork seems to be;
catching the Harrison enthusiasm.
In the large buntj .of St Lawrence,
a cw&ntAQh of several thousand as
sembled at Canton coming into
town -with log cabins, tf&nners, and
music, In those coal jn aim tain re
gions rare has. been such a scene oi
popular excitement as this.
Terms, $2,00 in artvaivc: $2.2.. naif yearly ; ami $2,50 if not
paid befoio the end of tlie year.
Gen. WilStam EFeKvy KarrisoK,
JtoEssi Tyler,. , . i -i ,
JTcIiu A. Siitilze, of Lycoming, .
.JTosepfi Itiliter, of Cumberland, .
1 Levis Passmore, 12 John Dickson,
2 Cad wallader Evans, 13 John M'Keehan,
Charles Waters, 14 John Reed,
3 Jona. Gillingham, 15 Nathan Beach,
4 Amos Ellmaker, 16 Ner Middles warth,
John K. Zeilin, 17 George Walker.
A. Pv. M'lllvainc, 18 Bernard Connelly jr
5 Robert Stinson, 19 Gen. Joseph Markle
6 William S. Hendrie 20 Justice G. Fordyce,
7 J. Jenkins Ross. 21 Joseph Henderson,
8 Peter Filbert, 22 Harmer Denney,
9 William Adams, 23 Joseph Bufimgton,
10 John Harper, 24 James Montgomery,
11 Wni.M'Elwaine, 25 John Dick.
Col. Johnson said (in Congress)
"Who is General Harrison The son of one of
the signers of the Declaration of Indcpencence;
who spent the creatcrpart of his large fortune in
redeeming the pledge he then gave. -of his 'fortune,
life and sacred honor,' to secure the tiucrties oi ms
country. Of the career of General Harrison I
need not speak : the history of the West is his his-
. , . -1 .--1-.v
l" or ioitv years ne nas uecn laemmea wnn
its imprests, its neiils and its hones. Universal
ly beloved in the walks of peace, and distinguish
ed by his ability in the councils of his country, he
lias been yet more illustriously distinguished in
the field. During the late war, he was longer in
active service than any other general officer ; he
was, perhaps, oftener in action than any one of
them, and never sustained a defeat."
Asaotiies. Falsehood I2eKtcd.
In the "Monroe Democrat" of last week,
there is a long and laboured article in which
the writer endeavours to produce the impres
sion that " General Harrison is opposed to the
... t
Pr man s vote. J o prove this the whole
truth is withheld, and he is accused of having
while Governor of the Territory of Indiana,
sanctioned a law requiring a property qualifica
tion to entitle a citizen to vote at elections.
If this had been true, it might have been jus
tified on the ground of his having been a na
tive of Virginia, and of having carried with
him that fundamental principle of her consti
tution ; but when we examine this charge,
like every other, it turns out to be false, and
proves that so far from restricting the right of
sufii-ae, Gen. Harrison was for enlarging it.
The w which .g ciled tQ thalhe WM in
favour of a property qualification, turns out to
be a law explanatory of the ordinance of Con
gress of May 7th 1800, requiring a freehold
of fifty acres of land, &c, which extended
the construction of that ordinance so as to
give the right of suffrage to those to whom it
would have been denied. Congress settles the
constitution of our Territories, and neither :an
their Governors, or Assemblies, make laws
contravening its provisions. rThe Constitution
of the Territory expressly made a freehold of
50 acres, and two years residence, a necessa
ry qualification for an election. But this cry
is a mere " stop thief" cry, in order to divert
attention from the acts of their candidate Mar
tin Van Buren, who we boldly assert without
the fear of contradiction, was in favour of re
stricting the light of suffrage In proof of this
we give the following extract of a speech, de
livered by him in the Convention to amend the
' constitution of the State of New-York, held at
Albany in 1821.
" Mr. Van Buren said ho had hinted at the
numerous objections Which he had to the prop-;
osition, which the other dry passed the con
vention in regard to the right of sufirage : ob
jections which he had intended to-make, hadjj
the committee reported in favor of that vote ;
and by which, when fully urged, he knew that
he would be able to convince every member of
the committee of the dangeraus and alarming
tendencies of that precipitate and unexpected
prostration of all qualifications. At this mo
ment he would only say that among the many
evils which wouid flow from the wholly unre
. .1 n 11 ' . I 1 I . .1.
PfifiL. J I would give the Lily of Hew-York
V.. '' . . .1 .. . " ( !.. 1..-
anew twenty live mousauu. vows, wiiusi uiiuttr
i ho liberal extension of the right on choice of
the delegates of this convention, she had but
about thirteen or' fourteen thousand. That the
ciar.aclcr of the increased numbers of voters
wouid be such as irould render their elections a
curse rather than a bkssiitg : and which would
drive from the polk all sober minoed people ;
and 'such he was happy to find was the united
opinion, or nearly so of the delegation from
ijiat city. The just equilibrium be
tween the rights of those who have no interest
in the government, could whjn once surren
dered, (never before regainepl except by the
sword.'' p. 3G7-8.
Uhcted suhTage, the toiiowing wouni ne uiejan one taliss oi lioeny ii :s me. mun gumunsn
To Assessors..- .
' The act of the 2d July, 1839;.uuder the 57th
'secjipn, directs as follows. . ' ?
It shall be the duty of the several Asses
sors within this Commonwealth in making the
enumeration now required by law, of the tax
able inhabitants residing within their respective
townships, to arrange the names of such taxa
bles in alphahclical order.
Section 58th; It snail be the duty of said
Assessors on or before the 1st day of August
in each year, to cause at least one copy of the
said alphabetical list of the taxable inhabitants,
to be posted up at the place, where any com
ing election is to be held, and at such other
places within such townships, as the Commis
sioners of said County may think necessary,
to afibrd to the inhabitants thereof, an opportu
nity t)f freely examining the same, and they
shall further keep copies of tlie said returns, in
their possession, subject at all times, to the
inspection of any person without charge, and
shall at any time 10 days before the election,
on the application of any person claiming to be
assessed within their proper townships, or
claiming a right to vote therein as being be
between the age of 21 or 22 years, and having
resided in the State one year, enter the name
of such person on said return. The said As
sessors on the ninth day preceding the second
Tuesday of October in each year, shall sign
and certify the return of taxable inhabitants
and qualified voters residing within their re
spective townships, and deliver the same to the
county Commissioners, to be by them, held and
handed over to the inspectors of elections, at
-the time required by law.
Mr. Editor : If you can find a place in
your paper for the effusions of a noble heart,
you will oblige a subscriber by r inserting the
following extract of a letter from the adjoining
County, of Luzerne :
We continue to have an accession in num-'
bers, and Gen. Harrison is gaining many valu
ed friends. There isnothing but his Election,
which will restore confidence and revive busi
ness at least so it appears to me. Vast exer
tions are making to defeat this hope and the ad
ministration will faulter at no expense to re
tain their power. It is a fearful trial, and
will test the ability of man for self-govern
ment, an experiment which has always failed
since the time of Adam, but which I trust will
not fail in the present instance. No doubt there
is a majority of the people in favour of a change
of our rulers, and in favor of . a change of meas
ures, but high bids will be made, to induce many
to barter Principle for Interest. Van Buren has
boasted that the 9-10ths csn be bougnt with
money, office &c : if his view is correct he
will retain his power and though to be regretted,
it will prove that Americans are unworthy of
freedom. But I hold him to be a false loon,
who has impudently judged of others, from that
base nature which he finds in himself. The
great mass of the. people I believe to behonest
and if they will but think and act for themselves,
all will be well and Yan 3uren will be found
in a lean minority. They have been yoked to
the car of party, as brute animals for the draught;
they have had blinders to their bridles, curbs in
their mouths, and a tight rein on the curb-bit
well fed indeed, they have been, if true to
their cursed harness. If it was not beyond a
doubt true, we should all declare it impossible
for free-men of America to be so degraded. Al
most every independant man is found to be an-
ti Van Buren it is the harness alone which
gives strength to the party. I will give the
right hand of fellowship to every independent
thinking man, even if he thinks that to be good
which I think to be evil, but the coward slave
who daro not think and act for himself, has at
once my opposition and scorn ; he is no longer
a man, the manly part ha3 been lop'd away,
the animal remains but the spirit of manhood
is gone ; Well has it been said that hour that
IUUUU liJUII iX SiaVU IU1VU3 nail Ilia huiui
and what slavery is so thouroughly deep and so
defrradinf as the slavery of the mind of the
God-like part m man 1 he body may he in
chains and yet the man in spite of bondage,
may be nobly froe, but the chained thought le
vels at once to the mere brute, and when such
1 it r ft . 1'i !t. 1.
of a chained maniac. What a revolution, what j
1 most happy change we should see in all our
affairs, if every one -.would resolve and deter
mine to be free, dereritnne to pause, to consider
and think for himself, to call no man master and
leastof all those who fill the offices, who are
paid good wages by the community, and who
should be made to fairly earn them, and who
should never be held to be any thing else or
more than the servants of the people, for whpse
good and for whoso use government and all its
offices is alone crpated. If men would go back to
original principles, if they would but Tor a mo
ment fairlyithiulr of them, liTmustlgusidpr'and
muse upon them, victory over all matrbinds and
enslaves, would aijOnce spring forihT.armed from
the Very birth in full, in complete steel. It was
from thus thinking that we became independent
in the days of our fathers, in the times that indeed
tried and proved mens souls, the days' of 1776,
and there is no way in which we can remain
independent, but by again thus thinking. As
we ponder 01 these things, the truth flashes
upon us, the " Rights of Man" is again before
us, " common sense again engages our atten
tion, and mighty truth nerves us in her cause.
A people thus thinking are invincible, they are
born anew, the children of Liberty, the dread
and the scourge of Tyrants. H. W. D.
Governors of IPoRsaSylyaoia previous
to the laCvolMtlSoaa.
October 24th 1682, William Penn (Proprie
tary) till June 1684.
Thomas Lloyd (President of the Council)
till October 1688.
John Blackwell, Governor, appointed by
Penn, till March 1691.
Thomas Lolyd, Governor, appointed by Penn
till April 1693.
Benjamin Fletcher, Governor; appointed by
William and Mary, till June 1693.
Wuhan Markbam, Lieutenant Governor,
Gov. Fletcher, till 1699.
William Penn, seeond time till November
Andrew Hamilton, Governor appointed by
Penn, till with James Logan as Secretary
of the Province and Clerk of the Council, till
December 1702.
Edward Shippen, President of the Council
till December 1703.
John Evans, Governor, appointed by Penn,
till March 1709.
Charles Gookin, Governor, appointed by
Penn, till May 1717.
Sir William Keith, Governor, appointed by
Penn, till June 1726.
Patrick Gordon, appointed by the Proprietary
amily till October 1736.
James Logan, President of the Council till
June 1738.
George Thomas, Governor, appointed by the
Proprietary family till June 1747. .
Anthony Palmer, President of the Council
till November 1748.
James Hamilton, Governor, by Thomas and
Richard.Penn he was the first native of Penn
sylvania, who was Governor till October 1754.
Robert Hunter Morris, ol JN. J. Covernor,
appointed by the Penns, till August 1756.
William Denny, do. do. do. till Novem
ber 1759.
James Hamilton, 2d time do. do. till
October 1763.
John Penn, Grandson of Wm. Penn, do.
till October 1771,
Richard Penn, do. do. do. till Au
gust 1773.
John Penn, 2d time, who continued untill he
was superseded in September 1776, by our
State Governmet.
From the Cincinnati Gazette.
A Good Tiling-.
Gen. Harrison was among the in
vited guests to the dinner given to
Gen. Van Eensselaer, in this city, on
the second inst. He could not be
present for reasons assigned. The
following is Ins letter, declining the
invitation. It is one of those good
things which frequently fall from the
pens of American statesmen, and
from none more often than General
Harrison's. Good taste will relish,
and correct judgments approve it.
North Bend, 1st July, 1840.
Gentlemen : A recent domestic
affliction in the death of one of my sons,
and the present illness of Mrs. Har
rison, will prevent me from enjoying
the great pleasure of being present
at the dinner to be given on 1 hurs
day next, to my beloved friend and
old associate in arms, General Solo
mon Van Rensselaer. It is now
forty-seven years since I first met
this distinguished soldier in the army
of Gen. Wayne he in the capacity
of Cornet of Dragoons, and I as an
Ensign of Infantry. Associated in
all the toils and difficulties incident
to a war, the theatre of which was
an unbroken wilderness; of ages
nearly correspondent; and of dispo
sitions and tastes which induced us
fr oolr lliA cnmA nmnlnumrmfc Tin
samft amusements, arid the same fcl-
1, neeQeinYi ..ml h nil in nnmmnn
IJ I 1 Is l7V;UOV,'tJUlVli UiVI (Villi ill V. V'UUIU14
danger, could not be. ephemeral. It was
such indeed as though we bad owned
the same paternity, andhadbeen nur
tured at the same bosom. And I
may say with Castalio of his brother.
" When had I a friend that was not Polidor's,
" Or Polidoro a foe that was not mine 1"
I will not attempt, gentlemen, to
give you even a summary of the ser
vices of ; Gen, Van -Rensselaer, I
will not tell you oj the deep debt of
ffri?t.it.iiTlB- Whirh is ,l:tfr TO, f?W.
western men of his gallant botiri-';
in the battle 6rho Rfepicis of t'
Miami,' and the Wood which I saw
pouring from bis manly bosom upon
the soil of Ohiqroi; Jiis"iilUmo re glo
rious achievements upon the hdgrts
of Queenstown, ennobled, lifce (hose
of Abraham,, by the blood of the con
tending heroes. All this you krow.
It is to be found in the records of
3rour country, and fiirnishejsfsome of
the brightest Jiages of its . hitory.
Aye, what is Jie -now'?' ; What and
who is the hero of two wars, the con
queror of the heroic Brock, of him
by whose management or gallantry, sc
deep a wound had been inflicted upon
the military character of our country ?
A 3'ear ago I would have answered
-ou, fellow citizens, that he was liv
ing.in humble retirement, in the bo
som of a large and happy family,
supported by the emoluments of an
humble office, the gift of a President
who had himself jeoparded his lffer
and shed his hlood in achieving the
independence of his country, and
knew how to appreciate a Hero's ser
vices and reward a soldier's toils.
Such, gentlemen, was the situation
of my friend, the defender of Ohio
cabins from the furious savage, the
bearer in his "body of the marks of
seven distinct wounds, when the
spoilers came.
When the disbanded lesions of
Augustus were suffered to eject the
happy husbandman of the fairest
portion of Italy,, we have reason to
believe, we know indeed, that some
were spared. The ruthless warrior
was not suffered to usurp tne seat
and violate the groves which had re
sounded to the songs of the greatest
of poets. We may conclude also;
that the scarred veterans of former
wars were exempted from the other
wise general proscription. Indeed,
we must suppose that the sympathy
naturally felt between men of the
same profession, would have induced
the usurpers to spare the warworn
followers of the great Pompey, al
though the3r had been the soldiers of
liberty, and the sworn enemies of
their own faction. But, gentlemen,
let me ask you now to point to an ex
ception in the proscription which has
raged m our country for the last
twelve years ? Who has been spared
that professed any thing which could
tempt the cupidity of the spoilers?
My friend is the last victim. The
reason of this honorable distinction I
could not tell. It is somewhat differ
ent from that which induced the
giant Polyphemus to intend the like
honor to the king of Ithaca. But
you may perhaps be anxious to know
the reason which has been assigned
for this outrage upon the feelings of
the American people.. "Why, it was
precisely that which has been given
in all ap-es and in all countries for all
the violent and unjust acts of tyrants:
" The public good." In this case,
"the advantage of the democracy." In
the midst of such abominations, how
appropriate is the exclamation of one
of the distinguished victims of the
savage Robespierre, "Oh! democra
cy, how many crimes are committed j
m thy name !
It may be proper, gentlemen, that
I should add that Gen. Van Rensselaer
has accounted for every cent of pub I
lie monev that ever came into h
hands, and that he dares the stride
investigation into his conduct as r.r
officer. What cause of deep relY
tion, gentlemen, does the case cf n
friend, contrasted with that of t'.i
knoull to 1)e pnblio (leiaiukr.
tO "C IWlriOt HUcl Hi? li'iewl
I -
licau government
I conclude, gentlemen, by ?
you a sentiment: "Ma' Solomon
Rensselaer be the last victim in
country of party violence; and n.
the services which are to be the fut?
pasports to office, be not those rend
edto a party, but to the whole peo
Your humble servant,
. To Samuel" WDaVies; etc.

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