tnml m Up hv ih mnrn liberal party, and es
pccially by those who we're oppoaed 10 foreign
interference and to the mouarcuicai iu.m ...
Anna was then in exile ii
Havana, having been expelled from power and
banished from his country by a revolution which
.,rra,l u, December. 1844 : but it was known
that ho had still a considerable party in his fa-
i no. . ft f
vor in Mexico. Ii was also equally well Known
thai no vigilance which could hw exerted by
our squadron would, in all probability, have pre
vented him from effecting' a landing somewhero
on the extensive gull ni ivjexico,. u ne uesircu
id return to his country. He had openfy pro
filed an entire change of policy ; had express
ed his reret that he had subverted ihe federal
constitution of 1824. and avowed thai he was
now in favor of its restoration. He had public
ly declared his hostility, in ihe strongest terms
to the establishment of a monarchy, and to Eu
ropean interference in the affairs of his country.
Information to this effect had been received,
from sources believed to be reliable, at ihe dale
of the recognition of the existence of lite war
by Congress, and was afterward fully confirm
ed by the receipt of the despatch of our consul
in the city of Mexico. wiih the accompanying
documents, which are herewith transmitted.
Besides, it was reasonable to suppose that he
must see the ruinous consequences to Mexico
of a war with the United Stales, and that it
woule be his interest to favor peace.
Ii was under these circumstances and upon
these considerations that it was deemed expe
dient not to obstruct his return to Mexico,
fhould he atlempt to do so. Our object was
the restoration of peace ; and with I hat view,
mi reason was perceived whv we should take
pan with Paredes, and aid him. by means of
our blockade, in preveniing ihe return of his
rival to Mexico. On the contrary, it was be
lieved that ihe intestine divisions which ordi
nary sagacity couldout anticipate as ihe fiuit
f Sania Anna's return' to Mexico, and his con
iot wnh Paredes, might strongly lend to pro
duce a disposiiion with both parlies to restore
and preserve peace wnh the United Stales.
Paredes was a oldier by profession, and a
monarchist in principle. He had but recently
before been successful in a military revolution,
bv which he had obtained power. He was the
.sworn enemy of the United Stales, with which
he had involved his country in the existing war.
Santa Anna had been expelled from power by
the army, was known to be in open hostility to
Paredes, and publicly pledged against foreign
intervention and ihe restoiaiion of monarchy in
Mexico. In views of these facts and circum
stances it was, that, when orders were issued
to the commander of our naval forces in the
Gulf, on the loth day of May last, only two
days after the existence of the war had been
recognised by Congress, to place the coasts of
Mexico under blockade, he was directed not to
obstruct the passage of Santa Anna to Mexico,
.should he attempt to return.
A revolution took place in Mexico in the
earl' part of August following, by which the
power of Paredes was overthrown, and he has
since been banished from the country, and he ij.
now in exile. Shortly afterwards Santa Anna
returned. It remains to be seen whether his
rf'inrn mav not vet nrove lo be favorable to a
- j j -- i------- -
pacific adjustment of the existing difriculiies. it
being manifestly his interest not to persevere m
ihe prosecution of a war commenced by Pa
redes, to accomplish a purpose so absurd as the
r!conquest of Texas to the Sabine. Had Pa
redes remained in power, it is morally certain
that any pacific adjustment would have been
Upon ihe commencement of hostilities by
Mexico against the United States, the indignant
f-pirit of "the nation was at once aroused. Con
gress promptly responded to the expectations
of the country, and, hy the act of ihe 1 3th of
May last, recognized the fact that war exisied,
ty tlie act of Mexico, between the United States
and that republic, and granted the means ne
ressary for its rigorous prosecution. Being in
volved in a war thus commenced by Mexico,
and for the justice of which on our part we may
confidently appeal to the whole world, L re
solved to nrosecute it with ihe utmost vigor.
the ports of Mexico on the Gulf
and on the Pacific have been placed under
blockade, and her territory invaded at several
important points. The reports from the De
partments of War and the Navy will inform
3ou more in detail of the measures adopted in
the emergency in which our country was placed,
and of the gratifying results which have been
The various columns of the army have per-
torrneu tneir duty under great uisauvaniages,
with the most distinguished skill and courage.
The victories of Palo Alto and Resaca de la
Palma, and of Monterey, won against greatly
superior numbers, and against the most decided
nd vantages in other respects on the part of the
nemy, were brilliant in their execution, and
rinitle our brave officers and soldiers to the
grateful thanks of their country. The nation
deplores the loss of the brave officers and men
who have gallantly fallen while vindicating and
defending their country's rights and honor.
It is a subiect of pride and satisfaction that
our volunteer citizen-soldiers, who so promptly
lesponded lo their country s call, with an expe
rience of the discinline of a camii of onlv a few
1 ---- - j
neeks, have borne their part in the hard fought
battle ol Monterey with a constancy and cour
age equal to that of the veteran troops, and
worthy of ihe highest admiration. The priva
uons of Jong inarches through the enemy's
xountry, and -through a wilderness, have been
bor.no without a murmur. By rapid movements
he province of New Mexico, with Santa Fe,
i'h capitol, has been captured without bloodshed.
Th uavv has co-operated with the army, and
r-p.nde.red important services : if not so brilliant,
V is because the enemy had no force to meet
t.hm on. thtfir own element, janrj .becausejjjihe,
defences which nature has interposed in the
difficulties of the navigation on the Mexican
coast. Our squadron in the Pacific, with the
cn-opetaiion of a gallant officer of the army,
and a small force hastily collected in that dis
tant country, have acquired bloodless posses
sion of the Californias, and the American flag
has been raised at every irripbfianl point in that
I congratulate you on the success which has
thus attended our military and naval operations.
In less than seven months after Mexico com
menced hostilities, at a time selected by hrrself,
we have taken possession of man)' of her prin
cipal ports, driven back and pursued her inva
ding army, and acquired military possession of
the Mexican provinces of New-Mexico, New
Leon, Coahuila, Tamaulipas, and the Califor
nias, a territory larger in extent than that em
braced in the original thirteen States of the Un
ion, inhabited by a considerable population, and
much of it more than a thousand miles from the
points at which we had to collect our forces
and commence our movements. By the block
ade, the import and export trade of the enemy
has been cut oil'. Well may the American
people be proud of the energy and gallantry of
our regular and volunteer officers and soldiers.
The events of these few monts afford a gratify
ing proof thai our country can, under any emer
gency, confidently rely for the maintenance of
her honor, and ihe defence of her rights, on an
effective force, ready at all times voluntarily to
relinquish ihe comforts of home lor ihe perils
ami privations of the camp. And though such
a force may be for the time expensive, it is in
ihe end economical, as the ability to command
it removes ihe necessity oi employing a large
standing army in time of peace, and proves that
our people love their institutions, and are ever
ready to defend and protect them.
While the war was in a course of vigorous
arid successful prosecution, being still axious to
arrest its evils, and considering that, after the
brilliant victories of our arms on thu 8th and 9th
of M.iy last, the national honor could not be
compromiited by it, another overture was made
to Mexico, by my direction, on ihe 27th of July
last,, termjnale hostilities by a a peace just and
honorable 10 both countries. On the 31st of
August following, vhe Mexican Government de
clined to accept this friendly overture, but re
ferred it to the decision of a Mexican Congress,
lo be assembled in ihe early part of the present
mon'h I communicate to you, herewith, a co
py of the letter of the Secretary of Slate pro
posing to re-open negotiations, of the answer of
the Mexican Government, and of the reply
ihereio of ihe Secretary of State.
The war will continue to he prosecuted wilh
vigor, as the best means of securing peace. Ii
is hoped that the decision of the Mexican Con
gress, to which our last overture has been re
ferred, may result in a speedy and honorable
peace. With our experience, however, of the
unreasonable course of the Mexican authorities,
it is the part of wisdom not relax in the energy
of our military operations until the result is
made known. In this view, it is deemed im
portant to hold military possession of all the
provinces which have been taken, until a def
initive treaty of peace shall have been conclu
ded and ratified by the two countries.
The war has not been waged with a view lo
conqesi; but having been commenced by Mexi
co, it has been carried into the enemy's coun
try, and will be vigorously prosecuted there,
with a view to obtain an honorable peace, and
thereby secure ample indemnity for the expen
ses of the war, as well as lo our much injured
citizens, who hold large pecuniary demands
By the laws of nations a conquered territory
is subject to be governed by the conqueror dur
ing his military possession, and until there is
either a treaty of peace, or he shall voluntarily
withdraw from it. The old civil Government
heing necessarily superseded, it is the right and
duly of the conquerer to secure his conquest,
and to provide for the maintenance of civil or
der and ihe rights of the inhabitants. This
right has been exercised, and this duty per
formed, by our military and naval commanders,
by the establishment ol temporary Governments
in some of the conquered provinces in Mexico,
assimilating them a far as practicable to the
free institutions of our own country. In the
provinces of New-Mexico, and of the 'Callifor
nias, liitle if any farther resistance is apprehen
ded from the inhabitants to the temporary Gov
ernments which have ihus, from ihe necessiiy
of the case and according to the laws of war,
been established. It may be proper to provide
for ihe security of these important couques'.s by
making an adequate appropriation for the pur
pose of erecting fornfications and defraying the
expenses necessarily incident to the mainte
nance of our possession andauthority over them.
Near ihe close of your last session, for rea
sons communicated lo Congress, I deemed it
important, as a measure for securing a speedy
peace with Mexico, that a 6um of money shoud
be appropriated, and placed in the power of the
Executive, similar to that which had been made
upon two former occasions, during tha admin
istration of Presipent Jefferson.
On ihe 26th of February, 1803, an appropri
ation of two millions of dollars was made, and
placed at the disposal of the President, lis
object is well known. It was at that time in
(Concluded on fourth Page).
The Monroe County Bible Society will meet
in the Church, near the Rev. Mr. Heilig's, in
Hamilton, on Thursday the 17th instant, at 10
o'clock, a. at., to attend to business important to
ihe 3ible cause in Monroe county. John D.
Morris?, Esq- will address the meeting.
WM. P. VAIL, Sec.
.December 3, 1546.
JEFFEKSONIAN REPUBLICAN i
Thursday, December 17, IS4G.
Terms, $2,00 in advance: $2,25 half yearly; and $2.50 if nftt
p;ti(i belore tlie cna m the year.
PETER S. MICHLER,
Subject to the decision of the 4th of March Contention.
As Christmas and New Year is drawing
close to hand, and our county is filled with so
many young folks, who are looking for something
nice for a present at that time to strenghten their
friendship, we would advfse them to go to Mcl
ick's Fancy Store, where they will find the hand
somest assortment of pretty things ever exhibited
in this county. Parents who vvant the smiles and
good feelings of their children, would be paid ten
fold for the trifle they spend for a small present
I r .i xr i - i . r
iui uituu .1-i.u uas, wu siy. a gouu ussuiuiikiii. ui
Fancy Goods. Call and see; he charges nothing
for showing them.
Clocks and Watches cheap.
Whig State ConvezBfion.
A Slate Convention, lo be composed of Del
egates from the city of Philadelphia and the
several counties equal to their representation in
the General Assembly of this Commonwealth,
will be held at Harrisburg, on TUESDAY, the
9th day of MARCH next, at 10 o'clock in the
forenoon, for the purpose of selecting, candid
ales for Governor and Canal Commissioner to
be supported by ihe Whigs and the friends of
the Protective Policy at the next ensuing elec
tion, and to transact such oilier business as may
be deemed important to the success of the Whig
J. P. SANDERSON,
H. JONES BROOKE.
TFIEO. D. COCHRAN,
JAMES MARTIN, :
J. J. SLOCUM.
JOHN R. EDIE,
JOHN B. JOHNSON,
Wm. J. HOWARD,
Whig State Committee.
We publish entire, in to-day's paper, the
Message of the President, to Congress, deliv
ered on Tuesday last. In doina so, we neces
sarily exclude nearly every thing else from our
columns. Its length is so greatj that our read
ers will in all probability be glad enough when
they gel through with ihe "document" itself,
without wading through another column of com
ments by us. We shall therefore defer, all re
marks we may have to make upon the Message
until a more seasonable time. Our readers will
no doubt judge for themselves of its merits and
faults, as also of ihe merits ? (if he has any)
and faults of its author. Two thirds of ihe
Message is devoted entirely to the Mexican
War, and the remaining one third is also more'
or less tinctured wilh it.
Both branches of Congress assembled at
Washington, on ihe 7th inst. A quorum of
ihe Senate and House being present, they im
mediately organised; and on Tuesday listened
to the reading of the President's Message.
Notice was given by members of both Houses,
of their intention to bringin Bills but nothing
of an exciting character took place, with the
exception of a Resolution offered by Garret
Davis, of Kentucky, calling upon the President
for copies of the orders under which General
Kearney, and Com. Stockton, established civil
governments, and thereby virtually annexed to
the United States, the Mexican Provinces of
New Mexico and California. It was discussed
during part of three days; and remained undis
posed of on Thursday last, when the House
adjourned over until Monday of this week lo
allow ihe Speaker lime lo appoint the several
Standing Committees. The session promises
lo be one of great inicrest.
Dissolution of Partnership.
Notice is hereby given, lhat the partnership
heretofore existing beiween Stephen Phares and
George W. Staples, known as ihe firm of Piia
rks & Staples, was on the 30th day of No
vember last, dissolved by mutual consent. All
persons indebted to said firm are requested to
make immediate payment to Theodore Schoch,
who is duly auihorized to setile the said ac
counts; and all persons having demands against
said firm will present them to the same, duly
authenticaled for settlement.
GEORGE W. STAPLES.
Stroudsburg, December 15, 1846.
Whereas, my wife RACHEL, has left my
bed and board, 1 hereby forbid all persons trust
ing her on my account, as I am determined to
pay no debts of her contracting after this date.
JOHN H. GROOT.
September 19, 1S46
Butter, Eggs, &c. taken in exchange for any
goods in my line of business.
JOHN H. MELICK.
Stroudsburg, Feb. 12, 1846.
POSITIVELY LAST ROTICE.
All person- indebted lo the late firm of Geo.
H. Miller & Co., eilher by note or book ac
count, will please call on the undersigned and
make payment on or before ihe first day of Jan
uary, 1847, or their accounts will be placed in
other hands for collection, without respect to
GEO. H. MILLER.
December 3, 1846.
and New "Fork
LINE OF COACHES,
Via Delaware Water Gap, Columbia,
Stanhope & Morristown
THROUGH IN TWELVE HOURS.
Fare from Stroudsburg to New York S3 50.
On and after Monday, November 2d 1846,
there will a Stage leave the principal hotels,
in Siroudsburg, at 4 o'clock a. m., every Mon
day, Wednesday, and Friday, by four-horse
coaches to Morristown, thence by rail-road to
New-York, arriving in New-York 20 minutes
before five o'clock p. m. the same afternoon.
Returning will leave New-York erery Tues
day, Thursday, and Saturday at 9 o'clock a.m.
bv raiUroad to Morristown, thence bv stage 10
Stroudsburg, arriving in Siroudsburg the same
evening between 8 and 9 o'clock' p. m.
Persons in New-York can receive any infor
mation desired by applying to the subscriber, or
his agent, at 73 Counland-sireei. Merchants
wishing io send orders to New-York for small
bills of goods, can do so, by enclosing ihe or
ders directed io the agent of the line and giv.
ing it to the driver, and have it by return of
stage. A share oi public patronage is respect-
I fully solicited.
JOHN L. WARD, Proprietor.
November 19, 1846.
Grocery, Confectionary and
The subscriber offers for sale a fresh lot of
Groceries at the old stand, first door east of
Simon Frey's Hat shop, such as new
No. 2 Mackerel,
Spices of all kinds,
Smoking and Chewing
Clothes Pins; Pipes,
Pails and Brooms,
New Orleans Molasses,
.ES. such as Candies,
CONFECTION A R
Sugar Sand, Liquorice, etc.
FRUIT Foreign and Domestic.
ALSO Nuis of various kinds, all of which
will be sold low for ready pay.
for G. M. Wilson.
i The Baking Business will he carried on as
heretofore, by . L. VANDERBECK.
-Siroudsburg, Oct. 8, 1846.
The undersigned siill continues the business
of SHOEMAKING, in all its branches and
upon the most reasonable terms. Thank
ful for past favors, he hopes by dealing justly
io merit a continuance of public patronage.
Look out for the old stand in Elizabeth street.
Country produce taken in exchange for work.
Siroudsburg, Dec. 17, 1846.
Violins and Flutes.
At from $1,50 lo $3,50, for sale by
JOHN H. MELICK.
Siroudsburg, Jan 1, 1846.
CALL AND SEE.
GEORGE H. MILLER,
Has just received at his Store, in the Bor
ough of Stroudsburg, opposite the public house
of Jacob Knecht, a general assortment of
Fall and Winter Croods,
Consisting in part of Black, Blue Black, and
Blue Cloths; Plain and Fancy Cassimeres; Sat-
ineils, Cashmeres, Mouseline de Laine Robes,
and Piece Goods; Merinos, Alpaccas, Faramat-
ta cloths; Shawls and Handkerchiefs of vari
ous kinds, together with a great variety of
and all kinds of articles generally kept in a
Country store. ALSO a. first rate stock of
Groceries, Hardware, Crockery
ISools, Shoes, and Caps, &c. &c.
all of w hich will bo sold cheap for Cash or
1 September 10, lBiti,
Great Bargains iu Hals and Caps,
At the old established
MU JUP ISA'S & ASP
No 196 Market St., 2d door btlow Sixth,
We extencV a general invitation to ihe citizens
of Monroe, and ittf vicinity, as well as to all
others, io our Store. We have on hand a large
and comple'e assortment of Hats and Caps of
every style and variety, which we are selling
full one-fourth lower than ihe usual price,
Extra superior Beaver Hats, from 32.50 to $r 50
JJrush " " 3.00 t 3-f 0
Silk ,f " 1.25 10 'J,00
Moleskin" 2,50 only,
usual price $ I.
Good Hats as lovv as SI, 25 and upwards. Al
so, a complete stock of Caps, cloih, fur dimmed,
glazed, silk oil cloih, velvet aifd fancy Cup ;
fine O'ter, Shetland Fur Seal, Musk Ra. H-iir
Seal Caps, &c. &c, at lower prtcrs than ihy
can possibly be had elsewhere. 1 rom our ex
tensive stiles, we can sell for a smaller jirofii
than others can. Call and be smisfied, ii h iu
Mei chant's, Storekeepers. 1-lattpr and oihers,
who buy to' sell again, supplied on re;isnalil
terms. Be. sure and call at N. 196 Market
Street, second door below Sixth Sirent,
GARDEN & BROWN.
Philadelphia. Aug. 27, 1846.
FOR TMI COUNTX.
The business will to be procure subscribers
for, und sell, when published, a large, new,
splendid township Map of the S'l&TE OF
PENNSYLVANIA. The qualifications re
quired are a small capital of SI 00, sobriety, in
tegrity, industry, energy, and active business tal
ents. Information of the terms of the agency
(which are liberal) will be given on application,
POSTAGE! PAID, to
8 1-2 South 7th Htreei, Philadelphia,
September 17, 1846.
Slecisca & Feimcr,
tTJsHbrcIlas, Parasols, & Sun 3;ados
No. 126 Market street, south side, belau) Fourth,
Invite ifie attention of Merchants, Manufactu
rers, &c. &c, lo their very Extensive,
Elegant, New Stock, prepared wilh
great care, and offered - "
At tht Lowest possible Prices for Cash.
The principle on which this concern is es
tablished is to consult the mutual interest of
their customers and themselves, by manufactu
ring a good article, selling it at the Lowest
Price for Cash, and realizing their own remit
neration, in the amount of sales and quick re
turns. Possessing inexhaustible facilities for manu
facture, they are prepared to supply orders io
any extern and respectfully solicit the patron
age of merchants, manufacturers and dealers.
Phila., Dec. 11, 1845.-- ly.
CHEAPEST IN THE WOESLD!
Steam Eefined Sugar Candies,
12 1-2 Cents per pound, Wholesale.
J. J. RICHARDSdN, No. 43 Market street,
Philadelphia, takes pleasure iu informing tht:
public, that he still continues to sell hi very
Superior Steaj Refined Candv ai the low
price of $12,50 per 100 pounds, and the quali
ty is equal io any in the United States.
He also offers all kinds of goods in the Con-
fectionary and Fruit line at corresponding low
prices, as quick sales and small profits are the
order of the day.
Call or send your orders, and you cannot fail
io be saiisfied. Don't forget the number, 43
MARKET STREET, PHILADELPHIA,
J. J. RICHARDSON.
August 27, 1846.
Good news for the Aged.
Spectacle Glasses fitted to all ages and sights
in Gold, Silver, German Silver and Steel .
Frames, with convex, concave, periscopic, blue, !
grey and green Glasses, to which he would in
vite particular attention. No charge for showing .
them. For sale cheap, at ihe Variety Store of
JOHN H. MELICK. ',
Stroudsburg, January 1, 1846. j
IMPORTANT 7 ' I
COUNTRY HOUSEKEEPERS. I
You may be sure of obtaining, at-."
all times, pure and highly flavored
By the single pound or larger quantity, al the;
Pckia Tea Company's Warehouse,
No. 30 South Second Street, ' .
Between Market and Chesnut, .
Heretofore it has been very difficult, indeed,,,
almost impossible, always to obtain good Grer i
and Black Teas. But now you have only to.
visit the Pekin Tea Company's Store, to o!
lain as delicious and fragrant Tea as you could
wish for. AH tastes can here bo suited, with
the advantage of getting a pure article at a low
Q. B. ZIEBER,'.
Agent for the Pekin Tea Company.
Philadelphia, July 2, 1845.
A good assortment of Watches, for aa)e,:. al?
reduced prices, by JOHN IL MELICK V
Stroudaburg, Jan. I, 1846.
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