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ft The whole art of Government consists in the srt of being honest. Jefferson. .i VOL 7. STROUDSBURGj MONROE COUNTY, PA., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1846. No. 28..;?- TERMS Two dollars per annum In advance Two dollars and a quarter, half yearly anu il not p:ua belore me enu ui the vear.Two dollars and a half. Those who receive their papers by a carrier or stage drivers employed by the proprie tors, will be charged 3. i-a cis. per year, extra. No papers discontinued until all arrearages are paid, except at the option of the Editors. . .. . JC7 Advertisements not exceeding one square (sixteen lines; nil be inserted three weeks for one dollar: twenty-five cents for every subsequent insertion : larger-ones in propoition. a hocral discount will be made to yearly advertisers 1T7AU letters addressed to the Editors must be post paid. JOI5 Harinc a ecneral assortment of large, elepant, plain and orha mental Type, we are prepared to execute every description of Cards, Circulars, Bill Heads, Notes, Blank Receipts, JUSTICES, LEGAL AND OTHER PAMPHLETS, &c. Trinted with neatness and despatch, on reasonable terms, AT THE OFFICE OF THE. Jcffcrsoniait Republican. What shall be the end of these tiling? When an other life is added To the hearing turbid mass : When another breath of boing Stains creation's tarnished glass, When the firs; cry, weak and piteous, Heralds long-enduring pain, And a soul from non-existenco Springs, that ne'er can die again ; When the mother's passionate welcome Sorrow-like bursts forth in tears, And the sire's self gratulation Prophesies of future years It is well we cannot see What the end shall be. "When across the infant features Trembles the faint dawn of mind; 'When the heart looks from the windows Of the eyes that wore so blind; When the incoherent murmurs Syllable each swallowed thought, To the fond ear of affection With a boundless promise fraught, Kindling great hopes for to-morrow From that dull uncertain ray, As by glimmering of the twilight Is foreshown the perfect day It is well we cannot see What the end shall be. When the boy upon the threshold Of his all comprising home, Parts aside the arm maternal That enlocks him ere he roam ; When the canvass of his vessel Flutters to the favoring gules, Years of solitary exile Had behind its sunny sails; "When his pulses beat with ardor, And his sinews stretch for toil, And a hundred bold emprises Lure him to that eastern soil It is tfell we cannot see What the end shall be. When the youth beside the maiden Looks into her credulous eyes; When the heart upon the surface Shines too happy to be wise; He by speeches less than gestures Hinteth what her hopes expound, Laying out the waste hereafter Like enchanted garden-ground; He may palter so do many ; She may suffer so must all ; Both may yet, world-disappointed, This lost hour of lore recall It is well we cannot see , What the end shall be. When the altar of religion Greets the expectant bridal pair; When the vow that lasts till dying Vibrates on the sacred air; When man's lavish protestations Doubt of after-change, defy, ( Comforting the frailer spirit Bound his servitor for ay; When beneath love's silver moonbeams Many rocks in shadow sleep Undiscovered till possession .Shows the dangers of the deep It is well we cannot see i What the end shalhbe. Whatsoever is beginning That is wrought by human skill, Every daring emanation Of the mind's ambitious will 4 Etery first impulse of passion Gusli of lo.ve..or.t.wj saw n n a . Every launch upon the waters, Wide horizoned by our fate; Every venture in the chances Of life's sad, oft-desperate,, game, Whatsoever be our motive, Whatsoever be our aim It is well we cannot see What the end shall be. IiCverrier An Apostrophe. The following dithyrambic fragment is quo ted frop the proof sheets of a work eniitled "Contempjations of Nature," now in the course of preparation for publication. The reader must stippoe himself to be taking a mental survey of the Stellar creatfon, while ascending, in imagination, toward the Milky-way just after starting from the planet Uranus. To feel all a j the force of several passages of this energetic ; and highly colored improvisation to the new world so marvelously discovered, ihe reader ; must remember that I jcverriei' prophesied pa.n- et is at least 220 times more voluminous than the Earth; its distance from the Sun 3,750 mil j lions of miles; the time of its sidereal revolution j no les than 217 years; that it has a luminous i ring, like Saturn, and satellites recently dis- covered ; and that in a 'conspiracy' headed, it i j is said, by Sir John Herschel and two other j English Aitronomers, John Bull has lately been j warmly engaged in trying "to despoil Leverrier, and the French, of all the honors attached to this most brilliant of human discoveries, in at tributing the same to an obscure collegiate of Cambridge " i. Hail to thee! watchful guardian of our solar limits hail to thee! How solemnly majestic are thy silent steps through these etherial fields of unbounded space; how slow thy gravitating course around the ruling orb of this planetary j such reuari of speed nol even the straight system; how limpid and serene the reflected!,; iMalhemalician3 discovered this not ma- light with which thou shinest at this extreme verge of the solar universe ! Roll on ! Roll on in thy silent promenade. J I i around the starry skies roll on ! ! Hail to thee ! glorious meter of the human mind's extent, unwearied strength, and power hail to thee ! By the prophetic announce ment of thy unthought-of existence, thy immor tal discorerer has made of thee, in these path- J less wildernesses of immensity, an everlasting token of Man's loftiest flight in the daring as cension of his soaring intellect. Does not, in deed, the revelation of thy mysterious presence in the stellar universe exceed, in grandeur and importance, the most brilliant achievements of Man's untiring genius ? Roll on ! Roll on in thy silent promenade around the starry skies roll on ! ! nr. Hail to thee ! Heaven's first-born world in our solar creation hail to thee ! How re splendent the whirling rings of golden light which gird thy equatorial regions; how verdant the tragrant meauows, teeming with Mowers gay, which wrap thy temperate zones ; how ;.;...-.. vuc it...u iiuh u.eauuenng .tiro j thy swarded glades and vales; how romantic; .i :i. .u t: i ... .i . i and inviting thy shady bovvers and sylvan re treats ; how charmingly silent thy calm and dewy nights; how inspiring the reflecting satel lites which light thy lordly sphere ! Roll on ! Roll on in thy silent promenade around the starry skies roll on ! ! IV. Hail to thee! stupendous orb: among the planetary beings thou art a mighty one hail to ihee! How expanded the fertile valleys that furrow thy earthly crust; how broad and deep thy, tempestuous oceans, thy purple lakes, thy inland seas how luxuriant their scattered isles; how sublime thy Winter gales and storms, thy roaring cataracts, ihy "irrupting" volcanoes; how grand, how majestic, the mountain chains stretched on thy gorgeous continents; the lofty peaks towering above thy floating clouds; ihe ever-flowing rivers winding around their bases; how immense thy impenetrable forests, thy ver dant plains, thy pathless deserts ; how varied, how curious, how innumerable, thy countless myriads of terraqueous hosts, of aquatic multi tudes, of a;rial populations ! Roll on ! Roll on in thy silent promenade around 'he starry skiesroll on I Carry on, through the eternal course of time, around the constellated heavens, the tidings of man's re- joicings at the wondrous announcement of thy unexpected existence roll on! roll on!! v. And thou, 0 Leverrier ! thou Columbus of the skies, hail to thee ! hail to thy happy gen ius! In foretelling, as thou hast done, the mar velous existence of this planetary being, thou hast immortalized thy name, honored thy coun try, thy age, and thy race; thou hast raised man to the loftiest altitude attainable by a finite being to the nearest step approaching the level of a demi-god ! And the homasepf mankind is therefore justly due to thy astounding genius hail to thee! hail to thy well-earned fame !! Glance with pity at thy envious neighbors, proud Albion's grasping sons, in their fruitless endeavors to despoil thee of thy transcendent discovery. Let them, in their insatiable ambi tion, frown at its Gallic origin. Posterity, rat ifying the judgment of thy nobler contempora ries, will spurn at these unjust attempts, and, crowning thy immortal name with everlasting glory, will, with one voice, proclaim thy undi vided right to the praise of future ages. Hail to thee ! hail to thee ! hail to thy well earned fame !! Gallo-America.vus. Facts in Natural History. BY PROFESSOR MAPES. I mention these facts only in the hope of showing that there is pleasure in studying the sciences, and when we come to natural history ; we shall find the study of that more amusing. The animal and vegetable worlds are well worthy of observation. Probably you all know what is meant by a cycloid. If we make a spot on the periphery of a wheel travelling on a plane, the figure which that spot describes is a cycloid. Now there is no figure in which a , body can be moved with so much velocity and ny years ago ; but nature's God taught it to the I eaolc before mathematics wero invented : and . ., , i- t ,i ii'hon hn nnolp nnnnrns nnnn Ills nrpv. lifi flft- , . WV,.. -WW v-0." J - , J , scribes the figure of a cycloid. A globe placed in water, or in air, in moving meets with resistance, and its velocity will be retarded. If you alter the globe to the form of an egg, there will be less resistance. And then there is a form called the solid of least re sistance, which mathematicians studied for ma ny years to discover; and when they had dis covered it, they found they had the form of a fish's head ! Nature had "rigged out the fish" with such a figure. The feathers of birds, and each particular part of them are arranged at such angles as to ! leaves the grub state it becomes a queen bee, bo most efficient in assisting flight. The hu- J and they always suffer themselves to be gov man eye has a mirror, on which the objects arei erned by her. reflected, and a nerve by which these reflections are conveyeu io uie urain, anu uius wo are en- 1 . . t - I ! I .1 .. . abled to take an interest in the objects which i i pass oeiore tne eve. iow, when it is too con- (JSe fe. d f , correct h fault ; and if it be not convex enough, or if we ' wish to look at objects at different distances, we ue g,ass(JS of (,mjrelv anmher descriplion, Rn, M hir(ls BSmnnl p, snfirInplfls. rrtV: , . fa , dence has given them a method of sufficiency They have the power of contracting the eye, of making it more convex, so as to see the specks floating in the atmosphere, and catch them for food ; and also for flattening the eye to see a great distance, and observe whether any vulture or other enemy is threatening to destroy them. In addition to this they have a film or coating which can suddenly be thrown over the e)e to protect il; because at the velocity at which they fly, and with the delicate texture of iheir eye, the least speck of dust would act upon it as a penknife thrust into the human eye. This film is to protect the eye, and ihe same thing exists to some extent in that of the horse. The horse has a large eye very liable to take dust. This coating in the horse's eye, is called the haw, or third eyelid, and if you will watch closely, you may see it descend and return with elec tric velocity. It clears away the dust and pro tects the eye from injury. If the eye should catch cold, the haw hardens and projects, and ignorant persons cut it off, and thus destroy this safeguard. In this way are the principles of science ap plied to almost everything. You wish to pack the greatest amount of bulk in (he smallest space. The forms of eylenders.' leave large spaces between them. Mathematicians labor ed for a long time to find what figure could be used so.as to lose no space ; and at last found that it was the six-sided figure, and also that three planes ending in a point formed the strong est roof or floor. The honey bee discovered the same things a good whsle ago. Honey comb is made up of six-sided figures, and the roof is built with three plane surfaces coming to a point. If a flexible vessel be emptied of air, its sides will be almost crushed together by the pressure of the atmosphere. And if a lube partly filled with fluid be emptied of its air, the fluid will rise to the top. The bee understands this ; and when he comes to the cup of the tall honey suckle, and finds that he cannot reach the sweet matter at its bottom, he thrusts in his body, shuts up the flower, and then exhausts the air, and so possesses himself of the dust and honev of the flower. The feet of flies and liz- ards are constructed on a similar principle, and j they thus walk with ease on glass or a ceiling. Their feet are made so as to create a vacuum beneath them, and so they have the pressure of the atmosphere, of fifteen pounds to the square inch, to enable them to hold on' The cat has the same power to a less extent. Plants require the sunlight, and some flowers turn themselves towards the sun as it travels round from east to west. The sun-flower does this, and so does a field of clover. These facts, though we have not yet got at the reason of them, are still extremely interesting. The gastric juice is worthy of remark. It is a tasteless, colorless, inodorous, limpid ftuid, like water, and is adapted in different animals to different purposes. In the hyena, and other carniverous animals, it will not dissolve live flesh, but will dissolve dead flesh. These creatures then live upon other animals, and even bones are soluable in their gastric juice, while it will not dissolve vegetables at all. On the other hand, some animals live entirely on vegetables, and their gastric juice will not dissolve animal food. We cannot alter the nature of an animal by ' changing its food. It will slill belong to the family. In this particular bees are belter in structed. When they lose their queen bee which is an entirely different animal from the working bee if you present another to them within twenty-four hours they will not accept of her nor obey her They prefer taking an ordinary grub, before it becomes a flier, and feeding it with a particular kind of food, and treating il in a particular way; and when it The habits of ants are extremely curious.- TIT 1 t , . we all nave nearu oi ant nouses, sometimes twenty feet in diameter, filled with halls and rooms of great size and strength. These and beaver dams are constructed upon strictly me chanical principles. In some insects species of the males have wings while the females have none. This is the case with the glow worm, and the female has the property of emitting phosphorescent light, and were it not for this the gentleman glow worm would never find the way to his la dy's chamber. The ostrich, like the cherubim, is not provided with the means of sitting down. She cannot, therefore, hatch her eggs, but bu ries them in the hot sand, and leaves nature to hatch them for her. Some birds build no nests ; like the cucoo, which deposits her eggs in the nests of other birds bui she knows enough al ways to select the nests of birds thai have bills shaped like her own, for then she is assured her young will have the same kind of food as she herself would procure. Kn ickerbocker Magazine. Squahtown Debates. Is pumpkin pize pison, or am they hol.esum witals? Decided in the negative. Which is generally the easiest to file a newspaper or a saw ? Decided to be undeci dable, any how. Which is tho most profitablest to heal a corn or toe a boot ? Answer both. If a man should see his father hanging him self, and his mother a stickin' of herself with a fork, which would he save first? Decided in the affirmative unanimously: - Geography. Teacher. Glass in jography come forward. What is jography? First Pupil. Gerogriffy is a de4crip!jinwo4y ihe sun, moon,, and stars. T. You can lake your'seat, and-stay in af ter school's out. - T. Jonah Spriggins, what rs?jograpliy? 2nd P. A description of the United State ' and Mexico. ' T. How is the United Stares bounties! ? P. Bounded on the North by the North1 Pole, 'mi the East by Europe, Asia and Africa on the South it is not bounded at all, and on the West by all Creation. T. That's a good boy, you shall be elevated.1 What is ihe most remarkable productions? ' 3d P. Live Yankees, punkins and robacker. T. What is said of the inhabitants 1 Hh P. 'Tis said they're licking ihe Mexi cans. T. Where is Mexico ? P. Down by General Taylor. T. How is it bounded ? P. On the North bv the American arrnv. on the East by the yellow fever and Com. Conner, on the South by earthquakes and burning moun tains, on the West by Commodore Stockton. T. What is the chief productions 1 5th P. Revolutions and changes of Government. T. What is the Government 1 P. Lunar it' changes monthly.' T. What is the inhabitants renmkablef6r Will j. . iJVH.UlltUUUII T. You can dodge. 1 ."H if?-; Moral Courage in Every Bay XJfc. Have the courage m discharge a debt while you have the money in your pocket. Have the courage to do without that which you do not need, however much your eyes may covet it. Have the courage to speak your mind, when it is necessary you should do so, and to hold your tongue when it is prudent you should doo. Have the courage io peak to a friend in a "seedy" coat, even though you are in company with a rich one, and richly attired. Have the. courage to own that you are poor, and thus disarm poverty of its sharpest sting. Have the courage to make a will, and a just I one. Have the courage to tell a man why you will not lend him your money. Have the courage to "cut" ihe most agreea ble acquaintance you have, when you are con vinced that he lacks principle. " A friend should bear with a friend's infirmities," but not with his vices. Have the courage Jo show vour resnect for fa whatever euiso it annears: and vour - I I J contempt for dishonesty and duplicity, by whom soever exhibited. Have the courage to wear your old clothes until you can pay for new ones. Have the courage to obey your Maker, at the risk of being ridiculed by man. Have the courage to lake a good paper, and to pay for it annually in advance. A Yankee Trick. The Hanford Times reminds us of. ihe de vice of a gentleman in a neighboring town, last fall, to fill his cellar with first-rate potatoes, at a ery low price. It will be recollected thai potatoes generally weie not of the best quality, and the price high. The gentleman gave no tice that he had a particular desire to get a spe cimcn of the best sort of potatoes raised that season, and accordingly offered three dollars for the best peck of potatoes that should be emptied into his cellar he being the judge. The po tatoes came pouring in, peck after peck those farmers who had different sorts bringing, a perk of each, and of the very best of ihe lot. Tim gentleman soon found thai he had a cellar full offirsi rate potatoes, when he shut his doors, and paid three dollars to the farmer who hat. left the besi peck, according to his judgment. He had potatoes to sell in ihe spring. 11 Boots, Boots !" A Mrs. Boots, of thi State, has left her husband and strayed io parts unknown. Wo presume the pair are rights and lefts. We cannoi say, however, that Mr. Boois is right'" -but there is no mistake thji Mr. Boots is left. 4 '. -3 tr. .