. rr . . . j. .. ? . .. in ... . m,. . ... . msm-. .
ril j&m& s
The whole art of Government consists in the art of being honest.' Jefferson.
STRQODSBURG, MONROE COUNTY-, PA., THURSDAY, AUGUST 3, 1848.
"published by Theodore Schoeh.
ni.c -,(n dollars "per annum in advance Tto dollars
Em?rter hl verlUnd if not paid before tl.c end of
aula q"' jollar and a half. Those who receive their
:hc year. w" or slagc drivers employed by the proprie
VaPCS U clmrgcd 37 1-2 cents, per year, extra.
No papc discontinued until all arrearages are. paid, except
aVeiK?scmente no? exceeding one square (sixteen lines)
ffiwsSSl three ueeks for one dollar, and twentv-hve
TX fa r cSS-subscqucnt insertion. Thccharge for out and
ihrec insertions the same. A liberal discount made to yearly
(-aAinctters addressed to the Editor must be post-paid.
Hivinc a general assortment of large, elegant, plain and orna
1 menial Tvpe, wc are prepared, to execute every ,
Cards Circulars, Bill Heads! ffolcs,
JUSTICES, .LEGAL AND OTHER
Printed with neatness and despatch, on reasonablp terrric,
AT THE OFFICE OF THF '
Description of Liberia.
We take the following description of the Re
public of Liberia, us exiem, population, seitle-
iiieuts- products, &c. from a pamphlet just is-j
Mied iu Philadelphia. A very
est is now felt in the succe:s sf this Oolony,
and the visit of its President to our City has
still more excited public curiosity. It will be
een that the soil, naturally fertileproduces in
abundance a large variety of tropical plant
and fruits, and that products to a large amount
have been exported within two years. Educa
tion is not neglected, and the report of the re-1
liojous aspect of the Colony is very flattering : '
Extent. Liberia extends from Digby at
the mouth (f Poor River,' on the North-west,
in Cavally River, on the South-east, between 4
dog. 20 mill, and 6 deg. 40 min North latitude,
....A T Aon 90 min and 1 1 Vftt lonPltude.
nil" i . tj a- -
n. ...... Pko lutwith hf mast hnltVPftU
l),..l,y and the Cavally R.ver is about ihree P must nave oeen accueniai.j urawu u.iu u.e
Lundred nyles. The territory df L.bbiia extend?, current while loitering near the shore and ne?
irom twenty to thirty V.iles inland. The' right , cw.anly taking the fearful leap over the caia
of iHis.essiun and jurisdiction overall this line, ; ract-had by one of those seeming miracles,
(with the exception of Young SiMers,) has beeri ; escaped alive !
purchased bv the American and the Maryland j A letter from Niagara Falls to the New
Colonization Societies, and larther purchases i
liave since been made.
Population. The inhabitants of Liberia,
from the United States and their
children, number three thousand five hundred ; ,
, , t i i n n i J it I ... :
am Ueven hundred occupy the Maryland Colony
at Cape Palinas. To U.e.e may be added about ,
i,ve hundred natives, civilized and admitted to ,
izelp , general The nanves res ding on ,
and owned by the Colony, and dirtec ly , men-;
: nnn "'Jf8' "f ""T T ,
lo,000. The population of the allied tribe, to
the interior who are bound by treaty to a b; ;.
Mam from ihe slave trade and other barbarous ,
practices, is not accurately known, but may
be estimated at 150,000. .
Towns and Settlements. xMonrovia on
tthe south side of Cape Meurado, near the
3iorth-weistern boundary of Liberia, is the Cap
ital and chief place of trade. Population L"i.
n fPJ .1 ... .. .U.. ... . K
vvv. 1 ne omer pons, iich cinuuiug uhib m
-r. 1 ne more mianu towns ana tneir ai'iuniiu
t. -i 1 . 1 . 1. ; 1
etilements are Caldwell, New Georgia and
Pjiofuctions of. the Soil. Coffee, sugar
caoe, rice, cot tori, indigo, Indian corn, potatoes,
yams, caasada, bananas, arrow-root arid nutJ
maybe produced in any quantity; fruits are
various and abundant. These are all grown in
Exports. The chief exports are cam wood,
palm oil and iyory, to the amount of S 123.690
in two years., ending September, 1843, accor-
iltng to the official returns. These are hrUgh
fr im iIim inlftririr
... v .... . .....
as above, amounted to $157,830,
1 ' .
religious Aspect. Churches, 23 ; wiinnti
iticaftts 1500; of whom 500 are. natives audje--C3ptured
Education. Schools 16 ; scholars' 500 ;
f wjhotn 200 are native AfricaiiK. The Sun
uayhoolb embrace a ar larger nuipber.
, Tletisc8.ofthe iMand Colony at Cape
aluias.axe not given id this state.meit.
1 'he.4thjtistMwhilelr. xm5'f WIii'mHn
a friend "w um pllI1I1Illffl. frt the 'OW" f
"u a menu o um J,UIUHJT,
JJunEtaDLe, J,H.', pear theBOinnwhat ceiTt
pniifiK, discovered late.blaclc mwUh hlc;ly
trawling along ihe grouml. Mr, Whitman
iiro.l, wounded. ilie.Tepiile, wJiiuh, htsuipg, stjr
ed;ftiriouily.jowar(d him. when a shot from his
Irteud brought him lo,- but it wn ijpi tipni a
'Inrd tdf(iuMhvvchgR -had beeri, givi.lfim.
'tiat ha- succumbed to Jus, asatlanis.-Upon !
uieBKiiring nim, he was Jouiid .tobe mnMeot
and seven inches iriiiigth.
tliu V1.irrlrrrl Cr,r,nT aru MnrVinll fill thl IllilU )
. .... ... . deIi hlfu, lrip up lhe Gulf and Under
Jiiver, xiiuiua, reAiey uii uib 01. juuu c wu, - . r
' ' . J .. . 0: i... ! &c. &c. Of course the attention o
Dassa uovfi, ana ureenv e 011 ui oih;- in- , , , . .
... . . urs who hear he converat on is
. Falls of Niagara.
The Buffalo Commercial Advertiser of Thurs
day last says
Among the numerous " Guides to the Falls,"
both biped and quadruped a large black dog
of'the mastiff species, belonging to Mr. .Wood
ruff, the Postmaster, should not.be overlooked.
He intimately acquainted with almost every
nook and corner of this world .of waters, and-
oftP4i may be aeen fearlessly leaping among the
wildest crags and aboin the fearful precipices.
It is said, however, that upon the erection of
h new Suspension Bridge, the. dog being 'in
vited to a passage across, cautiously stepped; a
few paces upon it, and then, stopping laid down
and actually howled wih terror With some
hesitation he at length backed out, and no in
ducement could since prevail on him to make
a second attempt. We were much amused re
cently to notice the dog attach "himself to a
party of fouf , about starting for a jaunt across
the ferry i " Watch" started ahead, descended
the stairs, and when we arrived at the boat at
the foot he was quietly sitting in ihe stern,
wailing for us. Upon our arrival at the Cana
da side, with the air of an experienced guide,
he preceded us to the Table-rock, Barnett's
Museum, ihe Menagerie, and other points V
interest, and on our return, re-entered the boat,
crossed over, and, arriving at the inclined rail
way, having apparently satisfied himself .that it
would be much less .fatiguing to fide upv than
to mount the two hundred and odd steps ; grave
ly seated himself upright on the cars and rode
up with the rest of the passengers. Such
scenes ashese we are told are of almost daily
occurrence with this sagacious. creature.. He
often makes the voyage up ihe river on the
Maid of the Mist.
A few days since, while one of the Guides
-l it "l C
was conauciing a genueman mm me mnye 01
the Winds," behind the American Fallf) he
came upon a full grown hog, alive but qripljed
two of his legs being badly broken, and- his
bodv bearing evident marks of having ' suf-
' fered some." How he came there rib one could
and the fair presumption is that his pork
ftork Express relates ihe following piece of
pleasant and ingenious Yankeeism :
" A little bp stream from the Joridge is the
UIC iuui ui tills lunu me aicaiuci oiciiio aitu anv.
. lhe Gu,f and ncar lhe Greal
hoe I nf bm
I of he moglj
, a 5n w
& Mmue b a recilal of
hi tactica in procuring passengers for theMaid,
J . boards al
seats herself in ,he beaU.
if , u Ju-a ;n
uiui panur ui me oaiaiai; iiwuac, uotivcu
all her 4 best.' Anon Mr F. appears with his
white gloves on, and in strolling leis'urely a
round lhe parlor happens to discover Mrs. F.,
with whom he shakes hands very cordially,
and enters into a conversation in a rather loud
ev, the burden of the discourse being, of
course, ' the splendid 1 14 tie steamer, and the
the r alls,'
f the stran-
drawn to the
same 'delightful trip which they resolve, doubt
less, to take next day. Is not this an in
genious refinement upon runnerism. A runner
111- -white gloves in the parlor of the Cataract,
and a lady to help! Who can compete with
the Yaukees in any thing they undertake V
Harden i 11 s Hides.
The following patented process of hardening
hides, extracted from Examiner Paga's ftepoft,
, will be found to be not a little interesting. The
hide is Hardened and rendered transparent as
T . 1. tZi . 1 1. (i nra ollhmlttori In lh
111 Hie 11T31 UIUIU IIICV uic ouuihiiivu w.v.
sweating operation or the liming, for removing
ille hair. They are then submitted to the ac
tlort1 pf powerful' astfingeiiis, uch' as sulphuric
acid, alum or salts of tartar dissolved in water
at a high temperature. During the operation of
clearing the hides of the oil, they are rubbed,
fricton is applied in any convenient way,
whereby the hide becomes thickend ; and af
ter this process is finished, they are rinsed in
'w.arro water and dried. After being dried, they
are subo); Jo lhe action of boiling linseed,
or any othjer diyjngojj, and retained in the hot
oil until a yellow Vjc.um appears upon lhe sur
face of the hidesj when they are withdrawn.
If it is. desired to jmpart color to the material,
a8 staining it in jnpiation pf. tornse shejl, it is j
done, i'6 n lQ PH bath, and when removed j
froip the Ka'h 11 j8 ubmiited to pressure in,
mnuldft ijr 'be formation of various articles, as;
,knif hais. &F-. Fr the article, erhen U
pliable, bHt'fr hefl aUod toxool it becomes
.. , ( B uc ii a Tisla.
Steady., Boys ! steady, '
. To meet you armed. band: .
We've followed Rough, and Ready.
Far from our native land.
What though with bristling lances
,0ur foes obscure the sun,
Along the barrel when it glances
Each eye can see but one.
Steady, Boys ! steady, .
.One, soul pervades our.band-r-The
pne thoughtour native land . ;
Brethern of Indiana! ;
. ,And of. Mississippi's-shore,
Bear aloft, the starry banner f
Where the connons. loudest roar. ' -
Steady, Boys steady,. .1 , .
L'What heart will not expand
When the voice of Rough and Ready
Gives out the ste n command.
"Attention !' and the throbbing .
Of each heait echoes the word;
While the eager hand, is robbing
The scabbard of its. sword. r '
Steady, Boys ! steady,
Their onset we will stand v .
By the sfde of Rough and Ready
For the honor of our land.
"Attention !" and the rolling
Of the drum repeats the sound, .
While each brave all fears controlling
Marks time upon the ground."
Steady, Boys ! steady. . , 1,.- !
: On .their backs the name we"ll brand
Of the Hero Jtough.and Ready, "
, Who .leads .our gallant band.
"Attention I'.'and, the clicking, J.
, Of.a thousand locks is rjeard? ,
Every, eye a ioe is picking, .p.
Every finger bides the word.
The.eAemy!s..at hand ; ' ,
Three cheers for; .Rough and Ready,
Nine for one Native Land.
The Character of Zachary Taylor.
j ,:,.BY WORTHINGTON G, jSNET.HE.N.
The character of Zachary Taylor approxi-,
mates very closely to that of George "Washing
ton. It is full of.all ihe attributes of human ex
cellence, j It abounds in moral strength, sym
metry and beauty,, j It. stands upon.ihe broad
base of honesty and is crowued witr) ,4he. lory
of truthfulness. ,Like: a ugeDorian-column
ihatears itself aloft, it is marked by simplici
ty, repose and firmness. ..It is a pile-of manly
glories. There is no ruin, about i or near, iv,
no fajling stone, no bramble at its foot, but, all is
fresh, new. and perfect.., The. study, pf auch a
stiucture will .amply repay the jabor. ., t ,
The bseuce from Zachary Taylor's charac
ter of ine vices that ordinarily disfigure ihe life
and actions of public men, enables the observer
to enjoy in an inteuse degree the contemplation
of ihe positive virtues which this wonderful
man possesses. If regarded from afar, he is
like to some lofty oak on a mountain peak
there are no forests no obstacles to hide it from
the sight of the beholder. If seen from a near
point of view, he is like to the statue of the
Father of the country from the chisel of Gree
nough an embodiment of a man without a
blemish. , ,
The corner-stone of Zachary Taylor's char
acter is honesty. Every other stone in the
structure is out of the quarry of of pure morals
rough, askless pf value. Honesty is the.
source, whence all lhe purposes of his life
spring; ihe channel along which ihey flow;
the sea to which ihey hurry their waters, A'
with the thoughts, words and deeds of Wash
ington, so wjih those of Taylor no man carr
mistaKe ineir origin, xuey are ib cumuduuus
of a pure mind, having no object in view but
the public good ; and about what constitutes
the public, good, honesty never cavils never
disputes, 'riever hesitates. This grand moral
principles in the heart of man is like charity.
It recognises as quickly What the public good
is, as the latter principle is quick to recognise
ur neighbor. Taylor's honesty has passed in
to a proverb among'those who know him. Ii
is-e shining light, illumining his character. It
is ihe sun of his moral and mental world. It
throws its rays upon all men and all things,
with whom and with which he has to do. De
void, in almost a superhuman degree, of ihe
stimulus of personal ambition, or if he posses-es-it,
successful like Washington in suppress
ing its influence upon his thoughts, words or
actions, Taylor presents, in his person and in
hisdeeds,a glorious example of the value which
a truly huflD'e ftn honest man is to the age in
whjph he lives ; for without honesty, there can
not be humility, and Taylor, as well as Wash
iijgton, has shown lhe truth of this philosophy.
Honesty, in all ages, has been justly regard
ed as ihe paren.t of alUbe human .virtue, and
if a man be seen to possess, In a large degree,
tliese, virtues, he is sure to tje set (JtfWU a3 a,n
honest man, ,and correctly too.'. Vices, can
never be the offspring of honesty, any more
than a limpid fountain can pour fourth muddy
waters. In honest Zachary Taylor U found
not one of the human virtues absent. They a
bound as the sands of the 'sea shore abound.
They bluster around his brow in rich profu
sion. .ln his intercourse' with men hei is just,
merciful, generous, kind, and forgiving. In
the discharge of his duties, he is firm, 'steady,
patient, persevering. Iu his personal bearing,
he is modest-, accessible, frank. So high is
his reputation1 for justice, that men have been
known to prefer Zachary. Taylor's voluntary 0
pinion upou a disputed -point to the decision
of a regularly constituted tribunal 'in ihe prem
ises. His tender-heartedness is as proverbial
as his love of .justice, and sheds a halo around
all his actions, even when duty demands (hat
its promptings shall bet silenced. He has a
kind word for all, and or him injuries are writ
ten in-water. -To wish well ajid to do well to
his fellow creatures are the prime purposes of
Zachary Taylor's heart, and his whole life has
been one example of generosity and benevo
lence. . -His courage is of the very highest or
der ; not merely pnysica(, but mental and mor
al. The courage to do evjl, to'do wrong, to
do injustice hehas not, but his courage is, to
do good, to .(Jo well, to do righj. It is the cour
age of honesty. Hence. h is never, alarmed,
never trembles, .never knows fear, never can be
seduced by promises of favor. It is a courage
that is no.-respecter of persons. It is a cour
age, that'tiever shrinks Irom resnonsibiljty, nev
er dreads its presence; - It is never rash, though
adequate to everyemergency andjduty, because
lo be right and to do right are- the controlling
determinations pf Ins, noble mind.
. With humility always goes simplicity of
manners. Taylor is not an exception to this
rule. His simplicity of manners is the admi
ration of all, and it is further evidence of the
presence of the great virtues, without which
it cannot exist'io any extent in any individual
An' humble man regarda'his fellow-man as his
equal and is accessible, to all alike. This is
Taylors rule; of. action. There is a charms
bout' his whole personal deportment, that inva
riably. -pxcites respect and love in those who
are brought into contact with hjnv This char,m
which is the legitimate operation of so many
virtues centred )i one man, is the secret of the
confidence which his presence and his charac
acier. have infused so .largely into' the public
mind.; L hasr.heen said thai a -man may be
known by his dress.. . In, this particular, Taylor-is
true o his character,, which is, never to
run , into extremes. , .While he pa,ys every respect-
to the.- conventionalisms of society, he
never .exhibits any ofVihat frivolity of mind that
loses sight of the kenial in contemplating the.
husk. , . , -' -.
f.The possession of .honesty and of all the vir
tues pf which honesty, is the parent, is invaria-
bly accompanied by the existence in lhe .same
individual ol greal intellectual capacity. 1 hese
plants cannot, flourish in barren soil. Strong
intellect is necessary to their growth and de
velopment. Nor will they grow a'nd develope
themselves unless the intellect be cultivated,
and cultivated diligently. These truths are veri
fied in the person ef Zachary, Taylor. His in
tellect is of the highest order. He has culti
vated it with great assiduity, and 11 has proved,
to be a fruitful field to the possessor. Every
seed sown in it has brought forth a vigorous
plant that has grown rapfdly and yielded rich
fruits. The powers of his mind ar(e equal in
every, respect to his moral attributes. They
stand side by side in their glory.
Signalized by a wonderful, grasp' of intellect
and exiraordihary powers of intellect and ex
traordinary powers of generalization', he never
fails to aVrive ai a Correct judgrrient! of men and'
things because of the extent of data which ire
cap command, almost intuitively, upon a given
subject. Herein his honesty1 of purpose avr.ils
him mightily. There is no miserable and pet
ty personal ambition present to obscn'r.e his
conception but, in the pire light of ie pub
lic goodj he sees every ih'ing take ija proper
position, and the result becomes known to him
with mathematical certainty. Oified with the
power of writing the English language more
purely, perhaps, ihan any ot noT man living, he
has at his hand's ihe means yf announcing the
deliberations of his migh'y mind in words that
burn with 'the1 authority nf truthfulness. By
nature a'rid by educaihvlt Zachary Taylor is a
law-lb'ving and law-?'h.iding man. His honesty
makes'" him so and. Ieeps hurt so. His career
has been with men, and with things, and they
have left their im.press upon a naturally right
mind, which m its turn has re-acted opon these
objects of active lifes and mastered them and
made ihm subservient to the master's use.
Herein is the philosophy of Taylor's loriqut.
character. It has been formed by his mighty
mind put of materials provided in abundance
'oy the God of his nature. In one whole com
bined, it stands lhe proudesi monument of hu
man excellence that now fills the national eye.
Fortunate for the country, that its possoss-or,
unconscious pf his merit and his glory, is about
to be lifted by the popular voice to. the, chair
once pevupied by the onjy man iQwhPSP' char
acter he approaches more nearly ahan any oth
er individual living !
Washington. July 8'h, 1848.
. - -
Presence of miisd iu Children.
A'moro interesting cdse of true pcrseuoe of
mind was seldom; if ever, recorded than the
following, which Occurred some time a'go. iu
one of ijie interior, towns of Maine. A gentle
man who lived in, a beautiful: villa,, a IiiiIh re
tired1 from one of.the charming villiges which
every where adorn New-England, had gone,
w.nh several members of his family, on Sahiiath
morning, loaitend worship In the village church,
leaving only three small children at hiiiue.--Thcoldest
of themvaa ason of thirteen years,
the second eleven, and the third a daughter of
nine. 1 These childreh were considered every
waytrusty by their parentswho ejiiertalnd iiu
fears' for the safety jof home during their ab
sence at the church. The lime of the litilu
ones was occupied with mural and interesting
books, as was .common with them when thus
left at home, till toward doon they thought they
discovered symptoms of. wood buttling, and tin
ascending to the head of the stairs, ouud ihe
whoje upper part of the house enveloped m
.smoke and flame. On going out they saw thu
fire bursting out of the roof in every pari, threat-
ing destruction not only of the house but to eve
ry thing in it.
There was now ho time for deliberation.--What.was:to
be doiie.was to. be done instantly;
quick as thought each child, was at, work as. if
their several parts had been assigned them ny
the wisdom of age, after mature deliHeraraitsu
The elder boy mounted a horse and rode lyith.
all possible speed, to the village to obtain as
sistance there. At .the sanie, tune, and wnh.a.
discretion far in advance of their years, ihe.
younger lad and his sister set about clearing:
the house of such articles as their strength wa.
able io;reinove. In the first place they secured'
their father's papers. Next they contrived to
remove an elegant, eight day brass clock c"
much value. To accomplish ihis, ihey placadl
twp,feathef beds iu from of it on the floor, and!
throwing it over on ?ts face, drew it out un our?
of.the beds, and thus removed it beyound! i-he
flames. After this they got out the jetb. a.ii
bed clothes, and next secured the c-omtiw of
their mother's wardrobe. Her china autS i&ver
waje were then put into baskets and pJotfetS
beyond the. reach of harm.
. Thus they kep steadily bill calmly atiisrorlw
removing articles, giving each article-; p.jnriy
according to its value, till ihey -were- sehevsd
from, jheir anxiety and toils by the arrival of
the family and neighbors from vh& meeting,
one ot two miles distant!. Nearly a)3 rhat wa
done on this occasion was accomplished by ibe
cool demeanor and Unflinching; perseverance
of these, two children, as, when the people ar
rived, the fire had, extended o every room in
the house, and rendered access almost impos
sible. Several limes they risked their liv?s to
save articles which they thought would be high
ly esteemed by their moth er.
Wfe yesterday saw, says the N. Y. Mrrror,
seet milk converted into butter in four' min
utes, probably a 3ush of iced-water would have
brought the butter in less lime. This wonder
ful effect was produced by one of the most
oimple chur'.ihig machines thai we have ever
seen. It consists of a square box, having a.
hollow perpendicular shaft with two hollow
arms or tbes at the lower end. The shaft,
rests on a pivot and is turned by small crank
and -cog wheel, the motion causes he air to rush
down, the lube into the milk and produces a,
co.njmotion like boiling water. The butter be
EPm 10 come immediately, and after it was nvide
'.he-milk Was as sweet as hew. By this pro
cess gdod churn. butter may be made For break
fast by any family after the milkman ha come
in the morning, and the luxury of pure fresh
butler enjoyed the year round. While the
cakes are baking or the muffins toasting, the
head of the family may be amusing himself by
churning tho butter to eat with them.
Something Rich We find ihe following
adertisement in a Mississippi paper ;
' With Mr. Ginn ihe crowd came in
Some took whiskey some took gin."
Uriah Ginn takes this occasion to inform hits
creditors and friends, the public at large, atuK
ihe community in particular, thai it is hts: in
tention to change his place of residence ky
leaving Rankin county in ihf course of ii
two or three weeks, as may bes suit his cn
venience. He is induced to be thus particular,,
beidg like ten thousand of his neibhbors not
exactly prepared to shell put the corn, and wipe
out ail old scores ; at ihe same tune he. will use
every effort losetile all his debts wherein he has.
goi value received ; but he wishes 11 u be em
phatically understood by those who hold paper
with his name saddled on it as an endorr,
that he bluffs the whole arrangement. Those
who hold' claims against, him upon thai fooui'g
can turn ihe screws and grind, QJt.,.and j,Qh'T
get-the money before Giiuudpea.iheyrc.aiiing
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