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Jeffersonian Republican. [volume] (Stroudsburg, Pa.) 1840-1853, August 17, 1848, Image 1

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The wholc art of Government consists in the art oV being honest. Jefferson.
VOL 9.
No. 5.
published by Theodore Scfioch.
iiinr Der annum in advancc--Tuo dollars
TK R " 5 T. u .. i r v a rl v and if not oaid before the end o
and a quariB'. . . d half ThoM, who receive tieir
ihe yc"' V' "rricr or stage drivers employed by the propne
?f?c"Uhaed 37 1-2 cents, perar, oxtro. . ,
jor, -:- -.i,nfl until all arrcaraces arc naiu.exce m
tuners uiM.uii-- - - -
al.,t iffiSsemenls not exceeding one squarefsixteen lines)
. . .1 .. I f..- .Inllii- atii) tWPIllV-flVfi
will be insertea uireu ',' T:."" ,.-,,' n,i
S msertions the simc. A liberal discount made to yearly
a5lNetters addressed to the Editor mnslbe post-paid.
. . .,virvsnbseaucni insertion, inctnaisi.
irtrniK a general assortment of laige. elegi-iit, plain and orna
menial Type, we are prepared to execute every
description of
Cards, Circulars, Bill IleadsJ Nole.s
Blank Receipts
rrinted with neatness and despatch, on reasonable terras;
.Teffer.sowian Republican.
A Taylor Sous.
Friend Griener has made a capital hit in the foU
lowing Original Song, which we find in the Cin
cinnati Atlas :
Air" Tis my, delight."
Come kindle your watch-fires every true Whig,
No longer stand watching, the-weather ;
In heart and in hand united we'll stand,
Sink, swim, live, or die, altogether. .
Then rally Whigs, rally, from hill-top and valley,!
Your banners unfurl to the sky,
Old Zack's on the track will you stand at his back!
All you in his favor say, aye, (that's it.)
Never fly from the track ye friends of Old Zack;
A true Whig will never say die.
Shall we in the hour of danger fall back,
Surrender Old Zack never no,
"Who never turned back of his hand to a friend,
Nor back of his coat to a foe.
'Then give'em a little more grape, CaptainBragLSM!aPParenlly fm ils synonymous name Iilch,
His enemies proudly defy ; ! meaning " fresh water") in Centre-st. and envi-.
Old Zack's on the track will you stand at his ;back? rons,and then the Lispenard meadows neai the
All vou in his favor Fay, aye . (that's it.) j intersection of Laurens-st. by Spring street, fill-
Never fly from the track ye friends of Old Zack,
A true Whi" will never say-die.
Alas ! for poor Cass our noise and confusion
His sensitive soul does confound,
The sword he ran into the old hollow stump,
He soon will run into the ground.
The Court of France may have taught, him to.. , . r ... . , 4 T , ,
dance ' no'indanes lne waler Even where St. John s
rr . .u u;.,u ! Par'c on Hudsoh-st. is, there was a sandy beach,
Old Zack's on the track-wilHay Cass on his back! '
r.L. r.u.v. :. 1 i
n r . r j (,, 7 ,
Never fly from the track, ye friends of Old Zack;
rou in lavor 01 tuai, win sny, unai s u.j t
A true Whig will never say die.
When Old Zack is safe in the President's Chain
Then won't we enjoy the fun
He never will go in for burning the Barn,
But Lord how the rats they will run !
Tho' poor Matty Van is a badly used man
His chances are all in my eye,
Old Zack's on the Hack will you all stand at his
back 1
All you in his favor say eye ; that's it.
Never fly from the track, ye frledsof Old Zack,
A title Whig will never say die.
Then saddle the nags, the track is all ready,
No matter how many may come,
We'll bet that "Old Whitev" will distance the
field ;
For we JknriW'that his rider is "some11
So rally, Whigs-rally, from hill-top and valley,
No longer stand parleying by,
Old Zacs on the track, will you stand at his back?
All you in his favor say, aye, that's it.
Never fly from-the track ye friends of Old Zack. i
A true Whig will Tterer say die.
The Kinderhook fox and the Michigan hear
May wrangle and fight for the bone :
(When two such rogues fall out by the way.
Honest men will come" by their own.)
At the roar of Old Zack they'll take the back track,
Barnburners and Hunkers will fly ;
Then raise high your standard, boys of Ohio,
And never no never say die.
Old Zack's on the track will you stand at his back
All you in his favor say, "Aye."
How to Enlarge ycgelafoletf.
A vau increase food may be obtained by
-managing ju'djcioflry, systematically carrying
out for a lime ific principle of increase. Take,
for instance, a pea. Plant it in very rich ground,
allow it io bear the frret year, say half a dozen
bods only, remove, all others save the larei
mgie pea of ihee. Sow it the next year, and
tain of the produce three pds only ; the
largest the following year, aod "'eiatn one pod;
again select the largest, and iu- pext year the
ort will by ibis time have trebU'l ha size and
weight, Ever afterwards sow ihe k'rg'esi scad,
and by these means you will get ppv or any
thing Up of a bulk of which wo at pre" hacf
no conception.
Growth, of Pfcw; York Cily--Bitild-
From the New York Tribune. : ,
If we look back to the year 1813, ve find the
site of New-York Cito a thick forest bordered by
a sandy beach, or.a shore broken by marshy inlets.
Wp look upqn it now, an area of not less than
fiye square miles, compactly occupied by not less
tban 50,000 houses, .inhabited by not less than
400.000 persons. N,o parallel to tins' of the rapid
growth of a city is believed to be recorded. .Jn
our retrospective view, we find that, in the year
1614 there were contained in New-York (then
Niew Amsterdam) four Jioliscs ; that, in 1G56, the
number had, grown to 120t (with a population of
1,000) ; lf77, 368 ; in 17U, 1,14.1 ; and at the la
ter period of 1825, by estimale, about 25,000 (pop.
166,000). The population of New-York Gity at
different, certain periods which we give rather to
supply the want of more frequent building rec
ords, we find to have been as lollows :
In 1606 Pqp
r . .-
4,302!ln 1810 Pop
" 1730
" 178Q ''
44 1790 u
" 1800 "
4 t)V
u 1825
" 1830
" IS-
The Census of.i845 showed the population to
be 371;000. By these statistics, one may calcu
late from the previous data .the number of build
ings in a given year,. and follow up wuh some de
gree of uniformity the progress of building. The
growth of New-York is .seen to have beep very ir
regular in its progression, the two principal im
pulses it has received were, undqubtedly, the Peace
after the Revolution and the opening of the Erie,
Canal. As its progress has, been vp in respect to
numbers or figures, so has it been .up necessarily
in respect to the direction of its buildings.. Wall-
L st. was so called from a wall 'which extended a-
long its site, inclosing the northern border of the
town. Now oiciisall the way for 3 1-2. miles
northward, from one side of the isle to the other
It has traveled over the Collect (a name derjyed
ig lliem UP graded hills ; and has arrived at its
momentary stopping place near Thirty-fiflh-st. :
i We make no account of the scattering buildings '
ll . , 1 . T . -V T1 11 I T7.. 1
neynnai ana exienomg 10 une nunarea anu jemy-1
I fifth-si. (9 1-2 miles from Wall-st.) Yet has it j
j extended literally. Gieenwich-st. on the one hand, j
and Pearl on the othsr. mark- nparlv tliR fnrmpr'tifp it TlinQP wptp Havj nf thatched rnrifs. wnnd-
In 1815' Sl' John's Church was in the suburbs of j
me iown
Of n StimrriPr Sunrihv. fhp triinnt pars
of tlie denizens who had repaired thither might be !
. n- r , ;
found listenifig as mbcli to the cackling of the j
j geese thereabout, as to the more sober sounds of;
; the sermon. In 181!), the first house had appeared '
on Laight-st. At thiit time there were1 no streets ;
laid out north from there, in a line east to west,
except Broadway : which above Canal-st. was
confronted by not more than 200 or 300 buildings.
IGrand-st. was completed to the East River about
this time the countrv north from it being mostly
bare. In 1821, the canal in Carial st. was built, j
whence that street began to be' built on. This"'
canal was a subterranean duct for conveying a
way the water from the Collect and other low pla
ces. Bleecker-st. on the west, and Bbnd-st. on
the east, began to be built on about the year 1825. t lars and blinds is a wrinkle in building growing
At first the inclination to build was to the East very common. Buildings in which such fronts
River. In 1744, of the 1,141 houses then erected, ; are erriptnyed, should, without- ddubt, have extra
but 129 were on the west side from Brodway. ; firm partition walls to which the walls superiri
The inclination subsequently changed to the North cumbent upon the iron fronts or pillars should be'
River but now the pace is about even. extra firmly ' tied' ; and the gables of such build-
We have met with no records giving infoima-'
tion of the number of buildings elected in given
years, respectively, in time previous to 1825
i that year there were 2,500 houses built, which is
the largest number so far as we can learn, that
has ever been built in New-York in any given
year. This was following the opening of the E
rie Canal. The impetus-to building by the opening
of this Canal continued to tie great lor several'
Arriving more nearly down to' the present, we
find that the number of erections for the year 1847
was 1,840, a decline from the previous year of 64.
Of these erections, the proportion of 2 to I have'
been on the different avenues' and streets named
numerically. A sixth part of tho whole number
wre built befween Twentieth arid Thirtieth sts.
inclusive, exclusive of the intersecting avenues.
Among- the iriore prominent buildings being e
ricted, we mention the Free Aca'demy, comer of
Lexington-avenue and Twenty-third st. ; Rev. Dr.
Tyng's St. George's Episcopal Church, on the
Second-avenue, between Sixteenth and Seven
teenth sts.; a German Catholic Church, to be called
the St. Nicholas, oh Third-st. between First-avenue
and Avenue' A; a'n Irish" Catholic Church, cor
ne'r Avenue B and Eighth'-s"t. ; a large hotel in
Brodway corner of Chambers, by the Messrs. How
ard, former proprietors of Howard's Hotel ; and a
hctci corner of Ffank.fojt and, Chatham sts. by
Bichard French, proprietor of French's.. Hotel in
Cha.tham-st. and , proprietor formerly of the Ex
change Hotel in Fultbn-st.
The Free Academy will much ornament the
part of the town in, which it is built. Its chief
features are its numerous buttresses and, towers,
and its lofty height. ., The wall of the lower story,
in which is inclpsed, a play-ground, isi),uilt.of free
stone, and the. remainder of brick, to bs stuccoed.
Its ground, dimensions are 125 . feet by .80. The
Churches will all be. larger edifices. , ;Tbe .outside
material, of all will be freestone. French's hptel
will extend 72 fee,t .on Chatham-st. and., 136 on
Fj-ankfort, and be 7 stories high Harris's Con
gress Sugar Refinery, in Duane-st. on the site of
the one lately burnt dow.n. is a buildiugqfthe lar
gest dimensions, just completed., It-is 9S l-2"feet
front b
v80 deep, aqd in eluding-the basement, 10
3" high 12 .at, the gables. The,, vv-tlls (of
stories high 12 .at, the gabl
brick) graduate from 3 feet in thickneso at the
basement to 16 inches at the eaves.
A much larger number of old buildings than u
sual are being pulled down to clear the ground for
respectable and substantial new ones. This ap
pears to be a fact reflecting much commendation
upon landlords. Though there are some qf.these
gentlemen who suffer their houses to rot down in
the most beautiful avenues of the City, for the. sake
of better rents than could be got, proportionably,
on better edifices. The evidences are before us
that the body of. them are not without an.ambition
to see their premises, and in consequence their
town, indicating a march of improvement.
Of die buildings awaiting their destruction or coin
version into something else, one quite prominent
appears to he the Reservoir in East Thirteenth-st.
which served so well the Fire Department prior
to the introduction of the Croton water. While
the,. ol4 Manhattan Reservoir in Chambers-st. is
suspended in, midway, operations of being conver
ted .into a joor'er-house, as we are told. A diffi
culty between jlie Manhattan Bank and the New
yotk, Bible Society is existiig in relation tp this
Reservoir the; Manhattan Bank appearing-to have
sold it to. tiie ible Society , for a site for its pr,o
p9s.ed.nqw buiding,., .and the , Bible Society ,.ap-
pearlng.to have, sought to throw up the purchase
in consequence, of having .discovered a nuisance
innherear of.the said Jleservpir. . ,.-, .
m, 1 f I -11 ..I '.1
ine style 01 ouiiamg at tnepreseniaay, as con
trasting w4ith that of early Amsterdam days, Has a
claim on our.atteniiph, but we can only b.riefly no
,. , , ,;
en chimneys, and gable ends ; also porches, dor-
mer windows, and .steeple-ridgepoles. Now.-a-
days a new face is. worn, by architecture.,. It has
it mnv ho cntr?. horrnn Jo nnnn. nv;ninnr nn ronnpr-
tion, except to certain Jloman and Catholic orders.
m, r ', '
That a new era has da.wned.in respect to the matq
rial for bnildingthe walls of houses which threatens
an extensive encroachment on the tile making bu-
siness. is a truth to be learned simply by a walk
through the Fifteenth Ward and parts adjacent.
parts adjacent.
If we cannot ere many years boast an equality
with anv citv in the wor'.d for edificial elegance
and splendor, it will not be for want of munifi
cence and refinement of taste in our men who
build, from present appearances ; and our surety
in this is but little less in tlie enterprise, and ge-
nius of those who wield the trowel. The intro
duction of iron mite rial in building, as iron fronts
for the lower stories of stores consisting of pil-
ings, forming the corners of blocks, should be extra
solid The large building just erected on the cor-
ner of Maiden-lane and Little GreenS-st. extend
ing several stores, is an instance of much neglect
in these parlicu'ars, if what we have perceived of
essentials in such buildings has been perceived a
right. In the event of a fire eating out the inside
of this building we do not know what would se
cure the walls from tumbling. While stone is so
cheap, we feel a surprise at so often seeing the
door and window lintels of new-built houses bro
ken broken from every evidence of their too in
sufficient strength for sustaining the pressure im
posed upon them not previously cracked. Two,
if not more, fnight have been seen, before they
were covered over by cornices, in the walls" of
the new building corner of Grand and Ludlow sts.
A building (in part for stores, as was tho one just
named ) in Canal-st. south side, and a few steps
west from Brodway, exhibited lintels of this frail
order; being some four or five feet in length, not
exceeding, apparently, six inches in thickness,
through either two sides, resting on iron pillars,
by a short hold, and sustaining the weight of tho
wall, ot the building, they are now covered by a
massive cornice. The building is of comparitive
ly no cbnsequence,' but it illustrates the principle
or fact sought to be explained, to wit: the too,
much eotiomizing upon, door-lintels. The em
ployment of the flat arch' in,baildinr has, l?eett at-
tempted, but it depends, so much upojtt the abut
ment, that it cannot be introduced in New-York to
a great extent. Tlie large warehouse in Pearl-st.
near, State, is a' signal failure in building on this
principle. , k y. ;
Thus have we taken a general scarf over the ex
tension of New-York, from: its four units ot houses
to its-fifty thousands. Attire rate of increase it
has'gono on in for the last 40 years, namely : 100
percent, in 20 years, it must in the year 1900
count a population.of not short of 2,500,000. ; and
an aggregate number of buildings not short of
A Thrilling Adventure.
We heard the oilier day a story telated by
an old sailor, Captain Jacob , which made
a great impression ,011 us, and which- we wish
we could repeat with the unction and nautical
phraseology of the worthy narrator.
It, occurred during the last war. The cap
tain, who was a native of Plymouth, was run
ning .on the coast in a schooner loaded with'
Uoiir. He had nearly reached his destination,
when he was overhauled by. an enemy's frig
ate, who ordered htm peremlorily to heave a line
aboard. . . ,
ThTe was no resisting the command, for the
schooner was without arms and the tender full
of marines and sailors armed to the teeth wuh
pistols, muskets and cutlassos. The captain
had a light hut fair bteeze aloft, his sails drew,
TO t - '
and, he was driving. tsoar a rtief, the entrance b
which he was perfectly familiar with, and onca
maide which, he was sure of making Jiort, un
disturbed by the tender. .;
In this, view he ordered one of his, men for
ward wtih a line, and in a aisntorial voice, per
fectly audible on board the tender, sang out.
'Heave, your line aboard I then he added, in
a whimper, so as to be heard only by his men.
'IJeave tt short.'. ,
The Yau.kee.sailof.iaught the hint, and hove'
according:totdireciioni8. The end of the line
fell splashing in the water. ,.
, High above the execrations of the Englislj
officer commanding the tender, rose the roar of
the indignant Yankee skipper. ,
'Is that the way tt) heave a. line, you lubber
ly, son of. a land-crab? Heave, the line ship7
shape you lubber, or I'll cut your liver out !
Heave it short" , , M ,
Ajjain the line fell short, and the English! of-
I licer and Yankee captairi vied with each oih,er
j j jjhovyerihg. imprecations and invectives on
theh'ead of the.blandering 'landlubber.' iVJeaji
while the breeze was freshening, and the
schooner drawing nearer to the reef.
. Again and again the order to heave was
given with the same undertone addition and
i tiailie ftSMli
t i .
The Englishman had began
n j.-viiicii a id', nuu iiii an iiiu x diiivcn.uu pidiii
threw himself flat on his deck, and made, his!
- . 3..V.
rae.n follow his example the report of af4rozeii
muskets was heard, and a shower of bullets
came whizzing through the rigging.
'Let them fire and be darned !' said the Yari
kee, I'll show thorn a clean pair of heels.'
And taking his nller between his heels, as,
j he lay upon the deck, he ran the schobner!
cleverlv inside ihe reef.
They were soon out of gunshot from ihe baf
fled tender. Up we lit. the stars and stripes,
with a hearty cheer frbm the mariners, and an
bid one-eved sea dog pulled oilt a file, and gave
them Yankee Doodle in a strain as melodious
as the triumphant notes of a porker that has
escaped the butcher's knife. Captain Jacob
saved his bacon and flour too.
Pny lite niccSiuic.
The rich' man who employs a mechanic does
riot always knovv how much inconvenience, loss's
of time arid expenses" he exposes him to, by
neglecting to pay ah undisputed bill, on pres
entation. Without going too deep into ihe sub
ject,' let us propose a very simple example, of
constant occurrence: A mechairic undertake..
a job for which his honest charge is fifty dot-
lars. It is done to the satisfaction of his evr
ployer. He expect his pay on the preser. tar
tmn of his bill. Why should he not receivnyit 1
He ha$ no bank credit ; he pays cash for his
labour. He has been employed for a v-oekbn
that job, with two or three journymen, 'resides
furnishing the raw materials, paying -sljnp rc'ui
and other expensive contingencies. Why should
he be asked to wait six iifonths or a year for
ins iiHJiiey. ine musi pay ins uuuuxon oattir
day, provide for his family during fljb vVeek, pay
for his work, and lay up fomethntg against rem
day. Is it reasoiiable---is it jusLiVai his ready
employer should ask him to wait' for his pay tj
lil his convenient time,-when ,ash is not scarce,
when three per cent a moh'tJi is not to be lttd
on the loan of money thai belongs to others, or
which ought to be appropriated lo the paymen1
of honest debts, instead of sleeping and fasu'ng
at interest on post notes---or contributing to ihe
artificial wants of his family orgratifyt ng a
recklefS spirit of sp filiation in visionary stocks?
U it righteous, h it just-, thai a man of supposed
wealth bhmild tin this, and leave the Honest
hard working mechanic tothn mercies ofsmal
creditors the importunities f journeymf.n and
the rapacity of uurion ex:tianet ?cer
t'aiiily not,
rror iii tlie' Trcatnicait of Horses.
When a horse shies, or shears, at some un
accustomed object, and which all young horso
will do, never speak sharply or worse th'aii
hat, strike him, ll you would avoid nis sianiu
the next time he sees the same or any similar
object. Almost aiiy horse may be brought 10 a
confirmed habit of shying by auch treatment.
What should be done, then ? Check huri to i
walk ; give htm time to see the object, and ho
will 4sooh take little or no notice of u. (( ;i
horse stumbles br trips, it is a common practice
to strike him for tliat. This will not mend Ins
habiis of tripping and stumbling, boj never add
to them, if he has spirit, that ol spndgiug for
ward with dangerous quickness whenever It
occurs, as he will expect the lash ti follow a.-i
a matter of course. The remebyj if it can. he
called one, is to keep an eye npuii the in'aM;
and wliere, from stones or uneveiioss, the fail
ling is apprehended, lighten the reins ami en
liven the horse, but never strike liitn after H
accident. As you would save the wind and
strength of your horse, drive nun slow up Hill;
and as you would save his limbs ami your own'
drive slowly down hill. Never wash oil ynttr
horse with cold water when He is hot, or let
htm drink freely in that state. If the water ti
quiet warm 11 will not hurt him. Do not per
mit the smith; when he shoes jrour horse; ilk
cm out any portion of the soft part, or wh'al U
called the frog of the foot this is apt to grad
ually draw in the quarters of the Hoof and cflp
pie the animal, and is recomiliendeil o'nly by
the smooth appearance which' it gives iij ih-.
hottom of the foot, which is more apt ! Latch
a round shine in the shoe ihati otherwise. D.
not feed vyith gram, especially corn, &hen a.
horse is warm, or very much fatigued ; jf you
do, you may founder and ruin hiiii. Do noi.
keep a horse too lat, or to hen, as fe'ither dis
qualifies him for hard labor. The more knsa
ness aiid good temper is extended to a hote.
the better will he behave in return. Bad tem
per and bad habits come gradually from bty&
jresertfiiiij; JBffcg9.
(The numerous prescriptions, how to pro
serve eggs,' seems to indicate that the matter ic
yet somewhat doubtful; for there u a pre at
diversity of opinion on it, when, in fact, th
preservation of eggs is subject lo the-- vhemica'f
laws like that of other matter subjecuto decon
ppsitiori, and these lawa are well es lablised anil
known. Worrnth,' moisture, and contact wnli
oxygen, are the conditions which favor decom
position more then any thing el-ie ; and there
fore, eggs, to be preserved or.ght to be kept
cool, dry, and paek'ed in close vessels ; biit at
the same time care is to be tak.en to prevent tho
drying up of the white, and the loss df itavbri
Salt, which has been recommended mULhi
is, therefore, objectionable ; for it will absorb
ihe white, and, when rooi.st, the eggs will taste
salty, on account of the shell and nismbranes
being very porous ; ami. u becomes necessary
to fill the pores with some cheep and handy
material, and for that, purpose a thin solution
of glue answers the b,esi. Afterwards they may
be packed" either in,, dry sawdust or ashes, and
kept in a close box,or jar in a cool cellar. Eggs
of parrots and. other birds were preserved in
this way, and v hen arrived at the jardtn do-
Planies,' near I.Jaris, hatched after the coatin
was removed -as readily as any others.
'You are "mistaken, sir," was the taply " 'rr.
not 1, it 9 my creditors who are embarrassed."
A wise man will never rust out. A long aa
he cap. r.iovc or breathe, he will be doitvg some
thing f'jr himself or his heigbor or for posterity.
Alrr.o it to tlie last hour of his hfe, Wahingwn
was at work. So were Franklin, and Adam,
arut Young, and Howard, and Newton. The
Tt Jor of their lives never decayed. No rust
rjarred their spirits. It is a foolish idea, to
suppose we must lie ddwn and die, because we
are old. Who is old 1 Not the man of ener
gy ; not the day-laborer in science, art, or be
nevolence ; but he, only, who suffers his ener
gies to waste away, and the, springs of life to
become.moiiontoss ; on whose hand the-hour
drag heavily, and to whom all things wear the
garb of gloom. There are scores of gray-headed
men we should prefer in any important en
terprise, to th'os'e young gentlemen who fear
and tremble at approaching shadows, m.d turn
pale at a lion in their path, a harsh word or a
'i Two-Sided Compliment, A rustic who
had ne"61" before tasted ice creatii, wa helped
by a ady at an evening party to a plae of 'un
successful frigid milk,' under us usual simple
designation of cream.
.'Your cream is very nueet,' aid he, 'But
ainH it a little touched with frost V
JTJp'About fifty negroes were pnixmed at a.
wedding in Princeton, Ky., by putiiug arsenic
instead of saleratus into the wedding cak. -Five
had died, and about twenty-five were sup
posed to be beyond recovery.
Vice Versa. A gentleman meeting one nf
hia friends who w&s insolent, expressed "great
concern for hU embarrassment. .
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