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advertisements for the 44 Jeffersonian Republican"
Office. Sun Buildings, corner Third and Dock
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CScncrai Z A CHARY TAYLORs
FOR VICE PRESI-DENT,
Hon. MILLARD FILLMORE,
OF NEW YORK.
FOR fcANAL COMMISETONER,
OE UNION COTNTY.
Thomas M T. M'Kennan, of Washington,
John P. Sanderson, of Lebanon.
1 Joseph G. Glarkson,
2 John P. Weiherill,
3 James M. Davis,
4 Tims. W. Duffield,
5 Daniel 0. Winter,
0 Joshua Dungan,
7 John D. Steelej
8 John Landis,
9 Joseph K. Smticker.
10 Charles Snvder
11 William G.' Hurley.
12 Fram-is Tyler,
13 Henry Johnson,
14 William Colder, Sr.
15 (not filled)
16 Charles VV. Fisher,
17 Andrew fj. Curtin,
18 Tikis. R. Davidson,
19 Joseph Markle,
20 Daniel Agnew,
21 Andrew W Loomts,
22 Richard Irvin,
23 Thomas H. Sill,
24 Saml. A. Purviance
KF We have received the July No. of the 44 Il
lustrated Monthly Courier" a Magazine newspa
per edited by Andrew M'Makin arid Henry B.
Hirst. It is a work worthy of patronage. The
present number is embellished with numerous
engravings some of which exhibit a great deal
of artistic talent. The literary department con
tains a variety of able and entertaining articles.
Published by Andrew M'Makin & Co. No.
.141 Chestnut' Street, Philadelphia. Terms S3
per a-nnuTOy in advance'.
Free Soil Conveiitfotf.
The Free Soil Convention1 assembled at BuCfa:
lo, N. Y., on the 9th inst., ar.d was- attended by
some 4 or 0090 persons. All the Free States"
were fully represented, also Delegates were in at
tendance from the slave States of Delaware, Ma
ryland, Virginia, and Missouri. The Convention
organized temporarily by the appointment of Na
thaniel Sawyer, of Ohio, Chairman. Two Secre
taries were appointed one from Illinois, the other
from Connecticut. A platform of principles was
read to the Convention in the form of three resolu
tions : one declares it to be duty of the General'
Government to abolish slavery wherever it has
the constitutional power; another declared that
slavery in the-States is solely under the control of
State authority; and another declares that1 slavery
in Territories should be prevented by combined
action. All these were carried by acclamatibn.
A Committee was appointed to report perma
nent officers' for the Convention, who reported'thc
Hon Charles F. Adams, of Massachusetts, as
President, withlo" Vice Presidents, and a number
Messrs. Giddings, Butler, and others addressrsd"
the-Convention during the session.
The committee on nominations unanimously re
ported in favor of Martin Van Buren for the Pres
idency, the Convention confirmed the nomination
orr the first ballot by a vote of 244 in its favors
against 181 for John P. Hale; 41 scattering.
Martin Van Buren was then declared to be trie
nominee of the Convention for the office of Presi
dent, and Charles-Francis Adams was subsequent
.quently nominated by acclamation for the Vice
Tlie August Election.
Illinois. Tn this State the Whig gain has-been
considerable so-far as heard from. Two Sena
tors and four Representative have been gained,
and the probability is that we have swept this Lo
cofoco strong hold.
North Carolina. Ried the Locofoco candi
date for Governor has gained considerably, and
jt is thought will be elected. The complexion of
the Legislature is still in doubt.
Missouri. Returns from' the State are arriving;
slowly. Nothing can be determined, as yet, as to
ihe general result. As far as heard from, the
Whigs have gained five, and the Locofocos, two
jnembers of the Legislature.
Kentucky. This Stater of course, is Whig alt
over. Crittenden's majority for Governor is from
5 to 10,000 the vote being small. Legislature
Indiana.-Tho returns frojn Indiana indicate thai
this State will be gloriously receemed. The Whir
gains have beeriarge.
en. Tayloi and the Chickeii
Tliieves. The fedeht attack on Gen, Taylor on behalf of
certain Soldiers in 'Col. Curtis's Ohio Regiment
having be"dn "already noticed in b'ur colunins by a
Washington correspondent, we rnay as well see it
odt. The charge is that Gen. Taylor defamed and
swore at the said Ohio Regiment as a set of (ex
cuse the hard worrds) ' thieves and cowards, whd
only went out to rob and plunder1 the provoca
tion being (as the soldiers have it) tha one of
them 4 took a chicken from a deserted ranch.'
The Louisville Journal responds on behalf of Gen.
Taylor as follows :
Gen. Taylor's Slanderers. The Louisville
Democrat had an article from an Ohio paper, charg
ing that Gen. Taylor in the town of Marin, at Mex
ico, denounced the advanced guard of Col. Curtis's
Ohio regiment as a God damned thieves and cow
ards." The certificates of some of the fellows
themselves are given as proofs of the truth of the
charge. The Union copies this whole affair.
It is perfectly certain that Gen Taylor's language
upon the occasion in question is infamously mis
represented, for all who know him can testify that
ihe words ascribed to him are not in keeping with
That Gen. Taylor was not pleased, and could
not have been pleased with the conduct of a por
tion of Col. Curtis's regiment is readily admitted.
On Friday last we had a full conversation with an
accomplished officer, who accompanied Col. C.'s
regiment between the 8th and 16th of March, 1847,
and from him we gather some extraordinary and
revolting facts. Our informant has no thought of
casting imputations upon the whole regiment, but,
from his statement there is no doubt that the acts
of a part of it were most atrocious, such as would
have disgraced even a horde of savages.
The march of the regiment, from the lawless
character of some of those composing it, was eve
rywhere marked by deeds of wanton violence and
cruelty. Along the whole extent of the march
ranches were burned, cattle were shot, hogs and
poultry were killed. and even pet pigs were slaugh
tered at the very feet of the women and children
that owned them. The shooting of cattle was of
tentimes done in utter wantonness, the marauders
either suffering them to lie just as they fell, or
. - ft -1
mereiy cuumg out ineir tongues anu leaving tneir
carcases to rot, thus showing that it was not the waTit
of food that incited them to outrage. Upon their
arrival at Caraceta, from which the Mexicans fled
at their approach, our informant, after an explora
tion in company with two or three other officers,
reported that a large number of trunks and band
boxes, containing female apparel, were concealed
in the chapparal, about a mile and a half off".
The instant the annunciation wa made, a gang of
fellows from Curfe's regiment dafted off for the
chapparal as if running for life. Shortly after
wards they tfere seir returning,- some of thenY
vith caps and' bonnets on their he'ads, and others"
wearing gownsr and: other articles of woman's
dress, and when our informant next passed the
chapparal, he found that a general bonfire had
been made of the silks, musiins, ribbons, slippers,
and all the little articles of the female toilet that
the chivalric male conquerors had notworn offup-
on thier own persons. These1 outrages were all re
ported to Gen. Taylor before his arrival at Marin,
and can be substantiated by Col. Fontlerby of the
2d dragoons. Col. Randolph of the Virginia Vol
unteers, Col. Belknap, Inspector General of the
H. S. Army, Patterson of the Mississippi regi
ment, and many others, if necessary.
At Marin itself, where the severe language of
Gen. Taylor is said to have been used, the con
duct of the advanced guard of Col. Curtis's regi
ment waif marked By simi'ar atrocities. The night
before the arrivahof the OhidTegiment there, Gen.
Taylor1 had slept iri the town; had seen thd'alcalde,
had been theeuest'of some cf the principal citi-
zens, had broken bread with them, and had prom-
seo" ihem protection. But the advanced guard of
CurtisVregimeht entered the town, and instantly the
work of pillage, robbery and devastation was begun.
At least four houses were set on fire by them.
Gen. Taylor arrived upon the spot, and, remem
bering what1 had been reported to him as' to the
outrages perpetrated during the whole maTch, ex
asperated by What' was then passing before his
very eyes, and deeply pained-and mortified at not
having been able to keep the- pledge given to the
men and womem who had hospitably .entertained
him, he undoubtedly rebuked the guilty miscreants'
in strong language. It is very possible that,- in
the heat of his burning indignation at such deeds
of atrocity and shame, he did not measure his
words with the utmost nicety ; but he is a just'
man, and never,-even in his anger,-did he utter a'
wholesale condemnation of the guilty and the in
nocent. It is not surprising that the thieves and house-
burners, who were thus rebuked by Gen. Taylor
and arrested by him in the midst of their career
of atrocity, feel a' deep resentment against that
stern and virtuous-old chieftain, but it is strange
indeed, that, with a consciousness of'their crimes,
they have the impudence, the audacity, to revive
the recollection of their'deeds-by publishing lying
certificates of the language which Gen Taylor is
alleged to have addressed to them. Almost any
language on the part of Gen. Taylor would have
been pardonable under the circumstances, but we
again say that'he never used the'words imputed to
him M the moral portion of the. people of Ohio
will witli their whole hearts thank Gen. Taylor
.for rebuking, and, as far as possible, arresting the
depredations of a set of villains, who were a dis
grace to the fame of their noble State. And as
for ?ou, gallant Kentuckians, vfll you not'7ally as
one man around the glorious old hero, whose elec
tion a few infamous scoundrels are attempting to
defeat, because he would not countenance the
commission of crimes -calculated to degrade nhe
name of Americans to a level with that of Van
'dals? In this connexidri it is worth while to add that
th'e Ohio Statesman has lately published a state
ment of one 41 Joseph Bennet, of the 2d Ohio Vol
unteers," aiming t'6 convict Gen. Taylor of unjust
severity toward the chicken-thieves; whereupon the
Ohio State Journal effectually retorts upon the
Statesman and its. volunteer witness, by publish- by an entirely opposite party with opposite princi
inga Bill of Indictment found by the Grand Jury
of Franklin County, against this same Joseph Ben
yiet, for stealing 44 one swine of the value of ten
dollars" (!) The Journal- says in concluding its
article : Express.
" We give the Statesman joy of hi3 charge pre
ferred by the Cochbcton chicheri-thief against Gen.
Taylor, and of His testimony addliced to support
it, by the Franklin hog-tHlef."
From the New York Tribtihe.
Mr. Wise in Hot Water.
Mr. Henry A. Wise went into Congress drbar
ing Jacksonian, having run out his predecessor,
Coke, on the charge that the latter did hot 4 go
the whole hog.' Mr. Wise Had not been long
in the House before he refused to dance to e
Palace music at all cutting up all manner ofoi
does and coming out one of the most obstreperous
Whigs in the whole Union. (We can't help sus
pecting that his own estijnatc of his merits and
capacities differed somewhat from that of the el
ders of the Loco-Foco Synagogue at Washington.)
Any how, he became one of the holiest Ami-Jack-sonmen
alive. No missile' was too hot or too
heavy to be hurled by him at the heads of the
leaders of the party he had deserted. Gen. Lew
is Cass, then Secretary of War, came in for a
share of hfcf blessings ; and in 1836 he made the
following statement bn oath before a Committee
of the House :
"I believo that Lewis Cass, Secretary of
War, was engaged in speculating in' the public
lands, while Secretary of War; thaihe made
exorbitant allowances to favorites ; paid one for
services nevpr performed; another, after he had
full knowledge thai the favorite had forged his
official signature; permitted commissions under
him lo be arne-daied? and has ordered a Treasu
ry warrant to be paid lo ihe assignee of a disbur
sing officer who had gambled ii away, after it
had been, protested by a deposit bank, and was
countermanded by ihe Secretary of the Treas
ury ; and to have been guilty of several other
acts of violation of duty."
In process of time the Whigs got into power,
and Mr. Wise, still one of the most vehement a
rnong them, wasn't chosen Speaker of the House':
So he kicked over the traces again, tamed Tyler
man, was rewarded with the Embassy to Brazil,
and there got into hot water 61 rather into a dif
ferent kettle of it from the several in which he had
hitherto disported. He came home a Loco-Foco
and, as there wasn't room for1 him in' Congress', he
was nominated a CaSs Elector of President ! In
thte capacity his old oath against Gen. Cass rises
up to comfort him, and he consumes two and a
half columns" of The Union' hr showing why his
affidavit of T836 should neither weigh against G6n.
Cass nor embamss himself. We really think he
takes too much trouble. He might have said in'
fewer words that he swore in 1836 what the exi
gencies of the case seemed to require, and now,
tinder exalted circumstances,'he takes an opposite
view of the matter". He says he is 4 not only wil
ling but anxious' to vote for Geh. Cass, especial
ly since he finds associated with him that 44 pir-k
of Chivalry and pink of Poetry', Wm. O. Butler."
Mr. Wise announces that his adhesion' to Gen.
Cassris based on these among other considera
44 Politically, I' was vtfelb assured that General
Cass is in favor otfree trade ;
That he is opposed of a. protective tariff ;
Then Gen. Cass'has'changed essentially since
he'wrote home frornFrance remonstrating against
the ruinous policy of our letting in French fabrics'
at such low rates of duty.
"That he is opposed to breaking up the great
land' system of 1787, and to squandering the pro
ceeds of the sale of our rich inheritance of nation
al real estate for mere local and party purposes of
That he is opposed1 toJa' public debt,-and to cre
ating any necessity for it ;"
Isn't this really tod impudent, considering the
larger Debt he wowWhave rolled up if he had been
allowed his way about1 54 40f 1
44 That he had sustained the vetoes of President
Polk, in opposition to'the renewal of a grarid and
unconstitutional system of Internal Improvements,
partial in its applicationj and wasteful of the pub
Why, thou most unWise ! dost not know that
Cass voted jor every one of these Internal Improve
ment bills that Polk vetoed and John Went worth
says they two went together to the President to
persuade him not to veto them 1
"That he is pledged to exercise the constitu
tional power of the Veto against the odious mea
sure called the Wilmot Proviso, and against all
measures of that class, and that he has voted a-
gainst that-Proviso in his place in the Senate of
the United States."
Good for you; Wise ! O that wo could make
your allies up this way stand up to that rack !
But don't you remember that he was in' favor of
the Proviso at first, and sadlv berated John Davis
for depriving him of a chance to vote for it in '46?
When he voted againut if last' year, he declared
himself favorable to the principle, but 6aid it was
change has been going on in my mind' on'the sub-
ject. How can you trust sucn a wnimer i .
44 Lastly. The party which nominated him is
pledged to these principles., and guarantees his
support of them if elected; and this is proved, not
by party professions merely, but is realized al
ready by the acting, being of Mr. Polk's Adminis
tration, which I have approved out and out ; the
question being now, whether this present Adminis
tration shall be continued by the same parly with
Mr. Cass at its head, or be changed and destroyed
pies and measures."
That's fair and square. Those who want four
years more of Polkism will find Lewis Cass ex
actly their man.
The Presidency Various Views and
3. q: ADAMS t"OR TAYLOR HON. C. HUDSON.
Washington July 26, 181,8.
Sir: in answer tu the inquiry contained in your
favor of the 21st inst., I have the honor to say that
hearing from many of our friends that Hon. John
Quincy Adams was in favor of General Taylor for
the presidency; I took occasion to introduce the
Subject of the candidacy in a conversation with
him, by asking him whom the Whigs would run.
His answer was, General Taylor. I expressed
some dissatisfaction at such a nomination, arid he
replied that he preferred him to any other South
em man ; that he believed him to be the only man
who could break doicn this corrupt administration,
and close this niistrablc toar ; and xvottld do more
16 curb the spirit of conquest, and check the spread
of Slavery than any other man the Whigs could
elect. In another conversation with him on this
subject, he expressed the same general views, and
said that General Taylor as a soldier was bound
to obey the orders of the President, and could not
as an honorable man resign his commission in time
of war, when his country wanted his services.
These conversations were held with Adams some
time in January, as near as I can now recol
lect. Very respectfully, yout ob't servant,
John W. Proctor, Esq.
LETTER FROM HON. R. C. SCHENCK.
The Courier and Enquirer of Thursday has the
Hon. Robert C. Schenk of Ohio,- a thorough and
sterling Whig, who has much influence in his own
State, having been questioned as to his opinions
concerning the nominations, and determination
respecting them publishes in the National Intelli-
rriiicn' nn nhlu lptfpr in Whirh hp rpvifw thfi
whole ground upon which the party stands, and
declares himself in the following explicit man
You ask me what course I intend to pursue in j
relation to the nominations' made by the Whig
Convention at Philadelphia 1 I mean to support
them. I will vote for the candidates, and do what
1 fairly can to promote their election. This 1 be
lieve to be my duty as a Whig and my duty as a
citizen, anxious to contribute whatever of help I
can to sustain and advance, under all circumstan
ces, the best interests of my country, and those
principles and measures upon the successful sup
port of which, I believe, depend the perpetuity and
prosperity of our free Government.
I will make no remark upon the very excellent
nomination of Vice-President- There is' not per
haps one Whig in Ohio that takes exception to
Mr. Schenck was not, previous to the assem
bling of the Convention, an advocate of the nomi
nation of Gen. Taylor, and to use hht own lan
guage, 44 did all he fairly and honorably could to
prevent his' nomination." Yet he says now :
I frankly admit since his nomination, and since
1 have set myself coolly and calmly to consider,
under the best lights" afforded to us, his charac
ter and position, my estimation of him has" greatly
increased. believe that he isa.slrong-minded,
single-hearted, t-tue man, as honest as he is brave ;
aad that, under himf we should have a safe, pure,
and.sound Whig Administration of the Govern
ment. He is a soldier, but regards 44 war," he
says, 44 at all times; and under all circumstances,
as a national calamity ;" and he distinctly protests
his opposition to the policy which would subjugate
other nations; and dismember other countries by
But what, above all, pleases and satisfies me,
is the fair and manly declaration he has made of
his determination, if elected, to leave to the Rep
resentatives of the people to provide for the wants
and carry out the wishes of the majority, uncon
trolled by Executive dictation, or arrested by the
capricious application of the veto. I have, in my
short experience here, seen so much of the exer
cise of this overshadowing power of the Execu
tive, that I have come to regard it as the worst
and most dangerous feature of the times ; and I
hail, therefore, with peculiar and proportional de
light, the promise and prospect of free legislation
(LT3 Nicholas P. Trist, late U. S. commission
er to Mexico transmitted to the House of Repre
sentatives, on the 8th inst., charges against the
President of the United States for protracting th
War witfi Mexico. 44 1 am told" says the corres
pondent of The Tribune, 44 the doeomentary evi
dence, hb adduces, in confirmation of his preferred
charge against the Executive, is of a very impor
The House referred the matter to the commit
tee on Foreign relations.
The celebrated Kit Carson has arrived in
Wawhington , a bearer of dmpatcbw from ih
not time vet to apply ttj This year be says 4 a: Pacific.
Frera the Pennsylvania Inquirer.
General Cass His military JSxpIoiis.
A desperate but futile effort is being made by
the Locofoco papers, to accord to General Cass
high military genius and distinguished services,
exhibited in the late war with England. We are
unblushingly told that he (Cass,) "was the master
spirit of the army," that we would not haye in
vaded Canada," but for him, and that 4,he was the
first man to land in arms, in the enemy's country."
It is further asserted by his friends that he fought
a severe battle, and acheived a brilliant victory
over the Engish and Indians at River Aus Can
ards, in Upper Canada. Thu locofoco papers
allege, that he briskly attacked the enemy, though
the latter were superior in numbers, and drove
them from the field. 4tHere was spilt the first
blood during the war. Col. Cass took possession,
of the advanced position, and advised Gen. Hulltu
march immediately to Maiden," but, to Cass's
great disappointment, Hull "ordered him to return,'
and he obeyed ; from which retrograde movement
dated all the misfortunes of that most disastrous
But the account is sb decidedly rich, that wr will
add the entire statement, as we find it in the loco
foco papers :
4,One of the most brilliant acts of the American
army during the war of 1812 with the British and
Indians, was the repulsion of their united forces at
Cdnard's Bridge, by the gallant Gen. Cass. Af
ter standing a heavy fire from our old English en
emy, he in triumph drove them from their ram
parts, and scattered their foices. Again the Brit
ish rajied and charged .on Gen. Cass, but wero
routed with a signal effect. A third time they re
turned and attacked the American army, and a
third time did the gallant army under Gen. Cass
repulse them with great havoc. Not content with
standing three heavy cannonades against their su
perior armed force, he drove them in triumph ninu
miles, at every step giving the British scoundrels
a 4fire in the rear-' Such is the military reputation
of the 'brave old volunteer.'1
Such is the fabulous account given by the
friends of Cass, of the sanguinary battle, fought
and won by Cass, over the enemy at Aux Can
ards. Remember, that Cass, alter repelling three
chaiges from the' enemy, gallantly drove the foe
In order to prove conclusively, drat no battle
whatever, was" fought by Cass at Ajx Canard's
Bridge, we shall quote the testimony of Cass, giv
en on the trial of General Hull.
The whole statement of the pretended battle, is
a base and infamos fabrication ''wholly cut out
of the solid." History and tf uth are falsified by
the Locofoco pap'ers, in order" to 44puff" the mili-
tortf mofitfi r t K iS r?oti niTMi xV o A CZ tn r ni 1 Pice
Val J llll- i 1 id Ul tllU UIOUHUIJHUU A lllA IX L. WUOd
On the trial of Hull, for the surrender of our
army at detroit, Coh Cass was examined as a wit
ness, on the part of the TJnited States, and gave,
under oath, the following statement respecting the
sangunary conflict, and brilliant victory, obtained
over the enemy at Canard's Bridge. Hear him :
"Gen. Cass, in continuing his evidence, stated
that he had examined, (but not minutely.) the foil
at Maiden bttinre Gen. Hull crossed the D&--troit
River. and as of opinion i hat iho work,
xvtiro not defensible, which opinion he declaredU
to Gen. Hull in couvertauon wiih thai ofScer
ral's'6', that he knew Gen. Hull lo have baeii..
at Maiden ofiener than once .Witness declared
that tfn the morning on which the army crov
sed the Deiroii, ii was his wih, and, ha.bei
liees, ihe wish of most of the officers, lo pro-"
ceed direnly and lake a position near irm Rlfrr
er Aux Canards ; ihat the reason assigned for
hailing at Detroit were to give an oppjnuuiiy
for the Canadian militia to desert, and to. have
some heavy cannon. .He further stated 'hat a
day or two after crossing the rtver, Coh MttAr
thur was sent with a considerable ppruon of
his regiment, about 60 miles up ihe River
French, now Thames, to secure a qqanmy of
flour and public property ; that during. his ab
sence, Gen. Cass requested permission from
Gen. Hull to reconnoitre the ground 'between
Sandwich and Maiden that ho was granted
about 280 men under Col. Miller, and.:procee
ded for that purpose ; that the detachment
took possession of the bridge Aux Canards,
and that the BritUhpiquit guard fled on their
approach ; that witness and Col. Miller con
sidered this bridge as presenting ihe only point
of approach to Maiden, and in consequence sent
two messages to Gen. Hull, (the latter one a.
joint note,) stating that it was the opinion of ihe
officers that the bridge ought to be maintain-edf.
that, in answer to the verbal message, s per-,
eniptory order was sent to return ; to th
written one, a note was returned, that on ac
count of the distance from the camp and ha
necessity of procuring cannon, as well as on
account of rhe uneasiness concerning Col. Mc
Auihor, in his opinion, the bridge ought not to
be kept ; and finally referring to. them the
discretion of KEEPING it that after a part
of the Alh regiment (regular. j.joined them from
the camp, a consultation, of officers wan held,
when it was determined to abandon the kridge.
under an impression by an almost unanimous
opinion, that Geu. Hull should have taleii tlm
responsibilnv, and NOJkTHEY. The d
latchmeut R'ETURNEVtO CAMP, as did
also Col. McArihur." See Hulls TM by
Forbes, pp 18-20.
The testimony given by Casax utterly refutes
the mendacious statements, published by ihd
Locofoco papers, in reference :o the conflict at
the bridge. Instead of encountering a larg
force of Engligh and Indian, as impudently
and falsely asserted by a portion of ihe Locofo
co papers, the enemy conuiated of a "British
piquit guard," amounting to ten or twelve men
who fled at the approach nf our 280 aqldiers,
commanded by Cass and Miller. "No blood
wit shed-nobody killedDobady hurt," Caan
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