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Thanksgiving. The following is the proclamation of Governor Johnston, fixing a day of thanksgiving : ' 1 " Another revalotion of the seasons has been al- i i i ...:.t. n nutwino lini Iiprii most compieieu. reace wu I vouchsafed to our country by the Supreme Dispen j ser of National blessings. A beneficent Provi dence has continued His guardian care over the nurmln nf tins Commonwealth. He has preserved .,,., ---i u under lhe inslllulion of free government, m TRRPER.SONTAN REPUBLICAN - the quiet and undisturbed enjoyment of ctvil and . . . . ... ir. t r religious liberty Tlituxlaj , Xovoaibcr 7, 1850. UCPSevere and unusual storms of snow prevailed in the southern and western counties of New York on Saturday night and Sunday morning, 28lh and il)th ult. The Rochester that snow fell to the depth ajrara county, and in parts of Ontario and Living- stun counties. Much damage was done to the fruit trees. At Lima and Livonia the snow Is rep resented to have covered the ground to the depth of seven or eight inches on Sunday. Death of a iflembcr of Congress. A Telegraphic despatch from New Orleans says: Hon. John M. IIahmanson, Representative in Congress from the third district of this State, died here on Friday last, after a lingering illness. fX? A Washington correspondent of the Balti n.ore Clipper writes 'The President has direct ed the Secretaries of War and the Navy to issue orders to the proper officers in command of the land and sea forces in New England, to be in leadiness, with the men and arms at their com mand, to aid the Marshal of the United Slates for the District of Massachusetts, to execute the Fu gitive Slave Law, should the Marshal call upon them for assistance on the premises. Orders to this effect have been transmitted fiom these De partments to the proper officers in Boston and its vicinity. This is the way to deal with the mob spirit which now holds Boston in durance vile." He has favored us with healh- ful seaons and abundant harvests, individual happiness rewards the enterprise of the chehs ; " The earth is full of the goodness of the Lord. While the inestimable bounties of Providence fur nish a suitable subject lor mutual graluiauon anu Judsbn Hutchinson, the leader of the Hutching son family of. singers, was takers. with insanity at Cleveland, fwfeek before last, Svhefo the family were giving foncerts. The Syracuse Star states that his insanity was caused by mesmerizing. The family, after a concert fell in company with Dr. Abner Hove, a mesmerizer, and Judson was put into a mesmeric sleep from which he awaked a maniac. He was taken to the Worcester Hos pital, on Tuesday last, and after a few days treat ment was able to be taken home with a fair pros pect of speedy recovery. iday morning, 28th and I eful acknowledgement, an enlightened sense Advertiser understands 5fduty anJ gratitude to that Being from whom i of eight inches in Ni- they flow, admonishes us to unite as one people, A millionaire recently died in the city of New Orleans whose name was John McDouough; his property is estimated to be worth ten millions nf Hnllnra. He had a sister residing in Baltimore, HJUJ ... V. ... -. , ' . , , 1 . rr . I. r fn.i.nni ! I19 nt sol vinnr . . r. .1 f Iv thniiBrtnrl nit in onering up me inuuie i ic o-"" j whom he ieu me meager sum ui 01 "- and praise to Him who watches over the desti- , appropriated the remainder to the cities nies of nations," " who searches the hearts of the , la", fnP the establish- children of men," "who hath preparea ms inrone ui ..:.. ......- - - - in the Heavens, and whose kingdom iuieui over ment 0t schools, and an asyium m eatu Tuiuv Them Our! The Washington corres pondent of the Richmond Republican, in noticing the removal of George Loyal as Navy Agent at Norfolk, and the appointment of Dr. Francis Mal lory in this place, makes the following disclosure which accounts very readily for the result of the election in that State last spring : "There are, 1 learn, at the Gosport Navy Yard, some 450 working men, every one of whom is a Democrat except 13, who are Whigs ! This state of things is not accidental, and will speedily be remedied. Our Democratic friends will not have :my right to complain, if this proportion in the pol itics of the Navy Yard, should be reversed. In doing so, we shall have the example of our appo nents to justify us." ICP American caster oil, formerly the best arti cle of tbe kind in market, and in demand, for even ioreign shipment, has now become almost unsale able, in consequence of the great adulteration by ihe mixture of lard oil. The consequence has been that large importations of caster oil from the East Indies have been recently made, and more is on the way. The. vote for accepting or rejecting the Bounda ry bill was taken at Galveston (Texas) on Mon day, the 21st instant, and resulted in an over whelming majority in faor of the bill. Some of the Texas papers are speculating up on the use which shall be made of the cw m7 lions which the Slate is to obtain from the Gener al Government. The Galveston Civilian thinks that after paying off the debt of Texas, three millions will remain. This sum is to be received in United Slates bonds, bearing five per cent, in terest, which will yield a revenue of $160,000 per annummore than sufficient to pay the whole ex penses of the State Government. This would en able Texas to do what no other State has done abolish all taxes. The Southern Shoe Trade. The value of shoes annually sent South from TvW York is estimated at $5,000,000. Boston i and Philadelphia send perhaps, as many more.- The trade was never more flourshing than during the present season. An Argument for a Protective Tariff. The Providence Journal publishes a list of seventy -one cotton and woolen mills, all with the exception of three, within thirty miles of that city, which have suspended operations and are now lying idle. Comment is needles3. nil ? Deeply impressed with the propriety of this du ty, in accordance with a venerated custom, and in compliance with the wishes of the great body of the people, 1, William F. John3lon, Governor of the said Commonwealth, do hereby appoint and designate Thursday, the lath day oj uecemoerncn , as a day of general thanksgiving throughout the Slate, and I hereby recommend and earnestly in vite all the good people of this Commonwealth, to a sincere and prayerful observance of the same. Another Giant. Halifax papers mention that Angus McCaskill, a youth of gigantic dimensions, is on his way thith er from Cape Breton, en route for the United States. He is described as in the 21st year of his age, measures already seven leet two incnes in neigm, can span a distance of eleven feet from hand to nana, ana is sun a growing m ucin uu It is said that his parents are persons of ordinary size, and that when he was twelve years of age he was considered to oe a dwan. SO3 A large sale of slaves took place at St. Lou ie n thft liith nit. The ReDublican savs : "Men from the ages of 18 to 46 years brought from $515 to 865 a piece, boys from 4 to years orougiu brought from 250 to $420 each, women from 18 to 46 years brought from $270 to $405 each, girls from 8 to 17 brought from $245 to $480." Fancy Ball at Louisville. The Louisville Courier has a long account of a grand fancy ball given on the 25th ult. by Mrs, Rob ert J. Ward, the lady who figured so conspicuously in the Lawrence divorce correspondence. The following description of the appearance of the late Mrs. Bigelow Lawrence will interest the ladies : Miss Sallie Ward, as usual, was the centre of ar attraction. She appeared during the evening in two splendid costumes, each of which was pecu liarly becoming Before supper she was Nour mahal of the light of the Harem. She wore a pink satin skirt, with silver lamms over it, and a bodice embroidered with silver and studded with dia monds; her oriental sleeves were of white, adorned with silver and gold, and her trousers of satin, span gled with glittering gold; her hair was braided with pearls and covered with a beautiful Greek cap, and her tiny pink slippers were gorgeously . . . . . ! r--i i 1? J - 1 . embroidered with silver, i ne spienuia jeweis pro fused over this magnificent costume threw back the light which fell upon them as if in sheer dis dain of their effulgence. Her second appearance was Nourmahal at the Feast of Roses. Her dress was white illusion dotted with silver, white silver ed viel, wreath of while roses, white silk boots with silver anklets; and she bore the charmed lute. In this latter character she was truly a beautiful exemplification of the poetical thought she repre sented. Always sweat, and fair, and lovely, and beatiful, she was, if possible, more so during that evening, and her different characters were sus tained incomparably excellent. The Biggest Gold Story. A young man from Newburyport writes, under date of San Francisco, September 14th, that a par ty of fifteeen men discoyerod a vein of gold 4 1-2 feet wide, 3 feet deep, and had followed it 7 feet, it be ing over two-thirds pure gold. " We have been calculating the value of as much of it as had been uncovered, and find it would be worth over ten millions of dollars !" Repeal. A respectable Ohio paper states that the Democratic members of Congress elected from that State, will probably support the repeal of the Fugitive Slave law. is thought the will will be contested. T)nrin- the Jennv Lind excitement in ton the coachman who drove her from the steam boat to the Revere House, thus ridiculed the in sane admiration which his fellow citizens, were exhibiting. Mounting the steps of the hotel, he cried " Here's the hand that lifted Jenny Lind out of the coach. Gentlemen, you can any of you have the privilege of kissing it for five dollars Chil dren hall price.1' Singular Incident. We learn that considera ble excitement exists in Kensington N. H. incon sequence of the finding of Mr. Gilman Lamprey, of that place, apparently dead in his chair, sever al days since; but who, after keeping a week, ex hibits none of the signs of real death. Mr. L. up to the time he was thus found, had been as well as usual ; and no satisfactory cause of this singu lar state of things is yet found. We aro told that, at the end of the week, the countenance retains its full color, and that, aside from the unconscious ness which has prevailed from the first, there are no indications of death. A few years since a brother of this person, his wife and their son, all came to their death by suicide. Amcsbury (Mass.) Villager. 24th. (Lr" Snow to the depth of five inches lay upon the ground at Burlington, Vermont, last Sunday. ID3 The good people of Eaton, Ohio, were somewhat amused last week, with a man who drove through that town in a buggy having two elks attached to it. They measured space quite briskly. ' New Way of Disseminating the Oos pel. It is suggested lo missionaries by the Hong Kong Register to distribute tracts and small religious publications through China by the agency of bal loons. Upon the calculation made of the weight of the tracts, each balloon could carry two thous and, which might be allowed to fall, one by one and at short intervalls. Thus, the word of God would fall literally like a refreshing shower over the incredulous 41 Flowery Land." Tim Fiieilive Slave fcaw. We have already mentioned that an application was made Co Hon. Robert C Grier of Phi adel phia, Judge of the Supreme Court ol the United States, for a certificate or warrant to take a cer tain alleged fugitive back into slavery, and that the application was denied. The application was denied on the ground that the title to property in the fugitive was not clearly made out. The claim rt in evidence extracts from certain wills j for the purpose of showing that he came in to ihe prosession of the black man by inheritance. The Judge held that this evidence was insuffi cient, and that nothing short of the production of duly certified copies of the wills would be admis sible. But our present object is not so much to call attention to this case as to notice a correspon dence growing out of it. On lhe 22d ult., Charles Gibbons, Esq., who was of the counsel in the above mentioned case, addressed a letter to Judge Grier requesting his opinion upon certain parts of the Fugitive Slaye Law which had not been commented on by the Court during the trial. 1. What construction should be put upon the clause of the law which requires that in no trial or hearing shall the testi- mony ol the auegea iugmvo uo J 1 O VI,nllor l ift n PCTPCl lUPUIVe IS ClIU- DOS I , , . r..1 1 ,:,. tianrinrr 1 3 VV hftthfir the i ion in t 1 1 1 1 ;tiiii i mi iiuuiiii - I V V - - - - - - It Important from California. New Orleans, Nor. 2. Th'steamship Alabama arrived yesterday altemoon wiih two dayi later news from Cali fornia. San Francisco has been visited by another destructive fire, consuming 300 houses. The health of ihe lsihmua was good. All excitement relative 10 ihe attempted revolution in New Grenada, had pretty much died away. Rain continued to fall, though it had but lit ,i .flVoi n ihe roads, which were in such or- der as to enable all to pass over with but slight A. (XX, ..li,r The accounts from California are not oP& very encouraging natuie. San Franciicoha been visiied by another destructive fire, which consumed over 100 buildings, causing much distress among the occupants thereof. Prepa rations were to bo made at once, however, for removing the rubbish and erecting more sub stantial buildings. ' The financial crisis still excited much talk, but it was thought the worst was all over. From tho mines there is little new to add to that brought by the Pacific ; the accounts are some what" contradictory, but still of a very favorable nrn.i., NTo u? flmcoveries were beiiia made act secures to me uuegcu iuiw vllulu.x,, . - the habeas coipus, and abridges no right which he daily. The rainy season was about commen infnilv nnssed before the law was passed 1 L;no Tho nassenoers bv the Alabama have Lh inst. Judge Grier replied to this let- consideta5e 0d wilh ,hem. nn extra iudicial opinion on all the r. annA renueat at vu, b'""o ii r 11 ll luAKKK 1 5 . Ciuui vao h 1 noints enumerated, substantially as follows: l. , nn k. and sWeel Ve3. The alleged fugitive would not be entitled to tea- j ? ' - ' tify in his own behalf even if the act had not oe-, tern a a 90iO5 barred him therefrom. 2 That the alleged fugi- Bricks were selling modeiatcly at $20a.o tive is entitled to a iuu neanng, au way p" , " ' per m. Piiairie Salt. The Prairie du Chien Patriot says that they were informed by a gentleman, who fifteen years since had a trading establishment 200 miles up the Minnesota river, that rock salt was in common use among the Sioux Indians at that time, who said it was found in large quanti ties back in the interior of their country. It is not impossible that mines of this article, as excel lent as those of Cracow, are now hidden beneath the rolling prairies of Minnesota, west of the Mississippi. ti,nt ho rWs not 4lowe labor or service to the complainant. 3. That right of habeas corpus is not abridged by the law ; that the habeas cor- pus is a remedy lor any iuegm niiHnauwc.., u. fu. .u 0rt;rtmtP oranted to a slave-owner be- ins a legal warrant, the holder of it cannot be mo- Iested bv means 01 a nuueas tuijjua. uc .ui... AJnMoc iIir oDinion that a fugitive slave is not ;;no,i tn n trial bv iurv in the county or state where arrested, and that, consequently, me exisi- . ing law does not tane irom me iugme aj -ilege that he enjoyed before it was passed. It does not oecome us 10 ua iu iiucauwu learned in the law and so justly eminent for abilities, as J edge Gnerbut Coal had a downward tendency. CofTee quiet and prices heayy. 5 Lumber coniinues in good request-ai- steady and raiher improving prices. Tea was not plenty, and prices in conse quence very firm. Furniture was little inquired for. Provision market generally firm. Sales of Mess Pork at $22a26, and Prime at $1 6. But ter 25a40c. Lard I8a22c. Preserved meals were dull. Money maiket firm, Cold Dual $16 12a 16,25. liKliau Trascdy. we cannot help remaning wai hub Indian Trazedy. land be as he lays it down, we shall henceforward . nhlllMH.va u:iic9 Df have much less'reverence for that Jaw than we hos.ili.v ha. i,co hitherto lelfc. lOr IU wccinreica3 1 j w , , -e confident from a careful perusal of Judge Grier's long existed. The tomahawk and scalping-.knife letter, that if all applications for the reclamation of fugitive slaves were requirea 10 oe nmuu u mc Judge of the Courts, the late law would be much less obnoxious that it now is. If it is not presumptous, we will submit a few observations on the foregoing points : 1 It may be right enough to exclude alleged fu gitives from tesiifying in their own belhalf; but why not, upon the same ground of liability to bias through self-interest, likewise exclude pretended owners from the witness ? Judge Grier did, in the case before him ,and so, it is presumable, will all other Judges in cases which may come before them. But, in proceedings before magistrates un der the old law a different practice obtained, and in proceedings before Commissioners under the new law pretended owners are allowed to testify, just as complainants in criminal cases. Judge Grier himself gives some color of warrant for this fiioitive slaves with crim- (UUI " J w- ""O O . , 1 ...nr ihair ovlrnnitiiin no. ! Irwiir ntnnfnS fore trial. 2. Alleged fugitives are by no means cer- Slave bill, whereby slave owners have been f til " I . f . n Unnftnn In r nf liA , 1 1. n n . n ...till ttl.ir limn. tain ot a iuu neanng, uiuess iiicjr iwpuwmiiui-- renuereu so mucu muiw acwuic wmm buried. The Minnesota Chronicle speaks of an aitac k recemly made by sixty of the latier tribe, upon a party of seven of the for mer. Five of the Sioux were murdered and scalped. The value of Slaves has risen considerably in St. Louis Mtice ihe passage of the Fugitive Slave Law. The Inielligeiicer, of that city, notices alea of slaves where the prices were much larger than usual, and then adds : We should slate ihat none of the men nor the girl mentioned above were bought in by their old masters, as might possibly, be inferred from the, high prices they brought. In connec tion with this we would remark that we have observed a rapid and greai increase in the val ue of slave property during the last three or In the passage ol the fugitive fX Germans in Cincinnatti As indicating the extent of the German population of Cincinnatti, it is stated that 40,000 letters are received annually at the Post Office in that city, from Germany, on which the Postage collected amounts to $41,000. Fugitive Slaves in Canada.. The fugitive slaves are pouring into Canada. The Amherst burg (Canada) Courier remarks : "We have been favored for the last four or five days by an influx fthp oolnro.t nnnnlntion from the Slates, whose - r--- - . ' signed a fugitive Slave L.aw : advent, though honorable to the province as aj othing is more contemptible, than a fanaticism land of liberty, could be very beneficially dispen- whose contracted little soul will admit nothing be- The Next U. S. Senators. The late election having resulted in favor of our opponents, they have already commenced discus sing the merits of their several aspirants to the Senatorship. The friends of Judge Black are ma king a strong and vigorous effort, while the friends ofM'Candless, Woodward, Ingersoll, and others are no less vigilant. Even James X. M'Lanahan has his friends for the station. What is to be done with Simon Cameron we have not yet been told. However Simon has his friends, waim and true, and he will doudtless show fight before the battle is over. The lines of faction are already drawn up and an interesting time may be antici pated. The Pennsylvania Abolition State Convention, held at West Chester last week must have been a rich affair. Some of the speakers proclaimed the American revolution "a failure;" and that 'Wash ington was a failure;' that 'General Taylor was a monster of Iniquity,' and has gone down to his Father, the Evil one ; that 'Wasington was as in famous as Milliard Fillmore,' both of them having ed with by the peareable inhabitants of this fron tier. On this side sable clouds of immigrants are disembarked fiom every boat that stops, and be tween 100 and 200 have already arrived at this port. A like rapid influx coniinues at all points along the frontier." A Paper for tlae Family. The Home Journal, published weekly in the city of New York, at two dollars a-year. On the first of January next commences a New Series of this ropious, .comprehensive, and elegantly-printed Famii.v Newspaper, which is now acknowledged to be the indispensable drawing room gazette of ihe country. The Home Journal is the Chronicle of all that vitercsts all classes of society, and of the intelligence which most enlivens an American Home. Its editors (Geo. P. Morris and N. P. Willis,) devote their entire time, skill, and expe rience, to the task of giving, each week, ever thing worth knowing. It will contain careful por triatH of distinguished public characters, and for eign correspondence, the fashionable gossip of Pari. In addition to ihe above, in tho course of the coming volume, one entire new feature, will particularly interest the ladies, viz: a scries of re turned love luLlcrs. Also, new correspondence in Jxlidbn and Paris. As a New Year's present from a gentleman to a lady, the Home Journal is one of which the remembrance is renewed every week, and is unsurpassed as a gift-in good taste. yond the 'one idea' of its idolatry. Powerful Dru. The Academy of Science, in Paris, has ap pointed a commission to ascertain the remedial powers of a drug, which, under the name of Oedran, has been introduced for the cure of hy drophobia, and of disases produced by action upon the nervous system. It is said to have the property of contracting the poison of the rattlesnake and all venomous reptiles. Hj3 We have been informed by a gentleman just from Toronto, Canada, that P. M. Desh ong, a mathematician of considerable celebrity, died, on board the steamer " City of Toronto," between Kingston and Toronto, on the evening of ihe 19h ult. His untimely death was caused by Appoplexy. Mr. D. was a native of Lancaster county, Pa., and enjoyed a high mathematical reputation. His other qualifica tions were exceedingly good, and as a poet, he has written many fugitive verses of rare merit and ability. The same gentleman informs us, ihat the body of Deshong was placed in ihe re ceiving vault of the 'York Cemetry wheie it will await the disposal ol ui3 mends. Good Grit. Hon. Daniel VTebster, expecting some distin guished visitors at his house in Marahfield sent to Mr. J. B. Smith, a colored gentleman of Boston, who makes a business of assisting entertainers on such occasions, and desired to engage Mr Smith's professional services. Mr. Smith, having a very decided opinion of his own respection the Fugitive Slave law and some other acts that Mr. Webster has lately had a hand in, sent word to Mr. W. that he would not go to his house for $100 per day, and there was not a colored man in Boston mean enough to enter the service for one day of the enemy of the human race. Mr. Webster tried to get other colored men, but failed. So says the Boston Free Soiler. fore the Judges nor even then, unless the Judges chance to take the same liberal view of duty on this point which Judge Griertakes. The law enacts that the proceedings shall be " summary;" that all the depositions required may be taken in the absence of the person claimed as a fugitive, and even in a state remote from him, except an affidavit of iden tification. If, therefore, an alleged fugitive gels a full hearing in any case, he is indebted for it, not to this law, but to the kindly intei position of the Judne in overruling the oppression which the law authorizes. 3 If the habeas corpus amounts 10 no more than Judge Grier states, it has been glorified by the Anglo-Saxon race, the world over, vastly beyond its virtues. To ascertain that the process by which a man is held in custody is in legal form, is merely to vindicate the officer for thus holding him but to afford no reliei to a sunerer. ii naoeas erty, we may trace probably the cause of the greater increase during the past few weeks. India Rubber Dresses. A good deal of excitement and not a little amusement were elicted one day last weekrby one Parker, who when part of the way acr the Jersey City Ferry from N York, remarked to the passengers, that he " believed he would not ride any farther with that boat," and imme diately jumped overboard. He sustained him self eastly upon the surface of the water,, until he passed around Casile Garden, a distance of more lhan a mile, and against the tide. It was ascertained that he was enveloped in an India JJjpGen. Pillow, of Mexican war notoriety, has been elected President of the Duck River Slackwater Navigation Company." A capital appointmeei. Jenny Lind's Liberality. It is now scarcely seven weeks since Jenny Lind arrived in this country. During that time, says the Journal of Commerce, ahe has 1 - 1 .-f 1 mmf given concerts which have produced, say si u, 000, and contributed to various benevolent ob jects, S18'255, viz : to New York Societies, $10,000 ; to Boston do., $7,255 ; to the Chica go Swedish Church, $1000. The House of the Fugitive Slave is his Cas tle. The Boston Journal states that, on an in quiry of the Marshal, Judge Sprague has inti mate that the process for the arrest of a fugi tive slaves is in the nature of civil process that in serving it, an officer will not be justified in breaking open the outer door of any dwelling house that every dwelling house is the castle of its occupants. This protection however is confined to the dwelling house, or a house where a person uleeps, and not to his .place of busi ness. It is also confined to the outer door. If this is left open, or if the Marshal is admitted within it, he may break open any inner door. Going it Strong The resolutions passed at the recant Abolition Convention, at Oswego, New York, provide for a day of fasting and prayer on the last Saturday of this month, for the speedy repeal of the fugitive slave law, and declare Congress and the President for pass ing it, and the churches for not denouncing it, 'enemies of God and Man.' A drove of upwards of twenty Buffaloes pas sed through Indianapolis a few days since on their wev east. r Rubher over dress and came out with bis under Uim DUl lO UIIOIU liu tenet hi a uuuviKi. - corpus is not a means for delivering a man from j clothes as dry as when he went overboard. unjust arrest under forms of law, then it must . jt j3 sai that after this feat, auch was the de be ranked among venarable humbugs which na- j man for dresses of this material, that every t'yjns have ignorantly reverenced. We are aware , es,abijsh,ricnt in this line was drained of then mat a wiae aiversuy oi prauuee piciam uuu beas corpus, according to the peculiar tempera ment of different Judges. We have heard Judges decide exactly in accordance wilh Judge Grier's o pinion,and we have heard Judges, not a whit infe rior to Judge Grier in ability and learning, affirm such decisions to be monstrous. It is the ordinary and approved practice under habeas corpus, Judge Gripr to the contrary notwithstanding, to go behind the warrantor certificate, and teview the evidence h ir 0r ,his land is to belong to the upon which the process was granted. JNo doubt . , , nol ,jab,e ,he debl9 JudgeGrierhasdoue this himself. nsorces of cases I 0 ecl fa. , M If he has not done it when requested, ho is not a nt t Ul ,uo ""ou""" j . . person to be invested with a judgeship In cases j Thurs.on, Delegate from that territory in Con where the preliminary investigation is not reduced j gress, remarks, for the information and encour to writing, it is the approved practice for the Judge i agement of those who wish to emigrate, that issuing habeas corpus to hear testimony in full. i lne prospects of Oregon were never brighter In thefamous McCloud case, in the state of New h , nreaenl. Labor commands from five to stock during the week. Inducements to Settle Oregon. The Oregon Land Bill, which became a Ia7 at ihe session just closed, grants 320 acres of land to every married, and 160 acres to every single man ho may reside in or emigrate to t ihat inrritorv within next five vears. In all , - - - j k v-tr ihe ppiflp.nce of both sides was heard even after a bill of indictment had been found but to that case is hardly given the weight of precedent by the courts. Still, in that case the just rule was nol stretched as much in favor of the prisoner as Judge Grier now labors to contract it to prejudice of the alleged fugitive. Now let us inquire why the person arrested as a fugitive slave should not be allowed, in the place where found, a trial by jury, if he demands it. In order to justify the with holding of this right, Judge Grier places the slave in the catagory of criminals, and says that as a man whose extradition is demanded on a charge of fel ony has no right to trial by jury where arrested, but only where the offence is charged to have been committed, so the alleged fugitive slave is entitled In trint hv inrv nnlv in the nlace from whence it is charged that he escaped. If this be so, the law of the United States is worse than the law of Barba ry was a hundred years ago. But if Judge Grier knows his right hand from his left, he knows that the slave is neither in the eye of morality nor in the eye ol law a criminal. v nai : is ii a leiouy for a man to be blackl or to be of African descent on his mother's side ? or to owe labor and ser vice" without being a party to the contract on which he is adjudged to be thus a debtor 1 This is "the doctrine ofdevils." No! the action against the alleged fugitive is a civil action an action in debt for " service and labor" owed and conse quently the defendant ought to have all the privil eges secured to him that are guarantied to any other debtor. It is an abominable principle of the law of slavery that men and women are held to be debtors under a contract to which they were nei ther parlies nor privies it is the foulest feature of the Fugitive Slave Law that it forces men and wo men who have committed no crime into the cata gory of felons ! Honesdale Democrat. Awful Catastrophe. At Grafenrigg?sBend a few weeks since, an old man fell out with his wife from some harsh remark which she made, and immediately he picked an axe, and and before the old lady could get out of the way, he ran out in the yard and chopped some wood. than at present. Labor commands from five to fifteeen dollars a day, according lo the naime of the work, !nd in various branches of theiine chanic ari, workmen receive as high as twenty-live dollars a day. X Fugitive Escaped. The Chicago Democrat aay : On Tuesday a fugitive was " put through by daylight" for Canada, under the following circumstance, which are too good to be lost. A slave escaped a few days since from one of the back court; ties of Missouri and came to this State. His pursurers hearing tha he was in Quincey, 111. nassed over lo that city, lakins with them an- I - m - w other slave who was to identify the runaway, and whom thy hired from his owner at so much per diem, giving a guaran'ee that they would ro'urn him "iu good order and condition" as when received. At Quincey ihey were in formed the runaway had taken the underground track for Chicago ; and forthwith they proceed ed to this city, bringing their man who wai i,p identify the fugitive along with them. Here, however they received the unkindest cut of all. In ihe first place, ihey learned that the man ihey were after was not here and never had been ; in the next place, ihe colored people got their heads together, gave the negro they brought with them for identification purposes a hint as to how " things was working," and on Tuesday evening they shipped him off by fail to Canada, where by this time be is safely set down beyond the reach of his pursuers ; ihey. poor feilows, decamped for the South the samp evening, their departure being hastened by a threat of " tar and feathers " from the excited colored population, who are up in arms, and nightly, as well as daily, on the watch for white gentlemen with sallow complexions and broad brim hats. - '