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_L --^4 - ------—— My iowtry-Mar Sh* Krer B« Rigktt MBifblfr Wraaf-Mr CMatr; ! _ ________ VO!,. 5. BltOOKHAVKN, MISS^THUUSDAY, AUGUST 3, 1870. _ NO. 4». ROBERT HIRAM HENRY, Editor and Proprietor. ^ Til iiikook h WAS CONSOLIDATED WITH rV h e LEDGER April 8th. 1870. Hales of Miitmrriplion. one copy one year, in advance, 5 2 50 • • •• o months, - - - 150 •i » 3 “ - . - *5 Fite eopieH rue year. ... 1000 JACKSON. __ Purchase Your Spring and Summer Clothlngfrom JOHN CLEARY, dealer in Fine Ready-made Clothing, AND Gents' Furnishing Goods, Trunks, Valises, Carjiet-bags, Umbrellas, and a general assortment of Fine Boots and Shoes; also, a fine assortment of Ladies’ and Children's Shoes. State Street, Jackson, Miss. Dec. 1«»-1 v ROBERT 8PROULE, Bools. Binder | AND | Blank Book Manufacturer j Jacksea, - - - MlnwhsUppL Specil anttention given to the manufac ture of all kinds of County Books, tmd Binding ol every description. Bindery on Capitol street, opposite the Clatiou ofllce. may lH-tl is via is it. i cm: is's RESTAURANT — Sleep ing Apartment s\ Bar and Billiard Saloon, SPK^ULEIt’N 40 K A E U. , (Opposite State Honse.) Jackson..Mississippi JOHN J. RO HUB AG'11 Elf, Feb. 17-1 v Proprietor. j EE. El. Sizer, Jnoknoiii - lliwftiftsippi. ■ | . Has Wagons. Buggies,Light Carriages, Xlottse Furniture, liar ness. Haridlery, Plows, Hv.eeps, (him hiii) Isfc» «y. Loathe. Belting. GO TO SEE HIM.j rmST-CI-AS» HOAKIMXd -AT THE NELSON HOUSE, Jackson, ------- •• llissliislpin. Die table is at all times supplied with the best rue market adonis. Terms reasonable. J"no. H. Green, MERCHANT TAILOR. WESSON, MISS., Hereby notifies the people of Lincoln and adjoining counties that lie is prepared to make all kinds ot gentlemen’s suits at short notice, and on tlie most reasonable terms. He will visit Brookhaven and all towns on the Jackson and New Orleans Railroad, Monticello and other towns in the interior, and take gentlemen’s measures, so that they can order when they wish clothes made. mar. 23-ly. Or. A. II. Thompson, Physician and Surgeon, BOGUECHITTO, MISS. Dec. 2-ly. Harry Gilmore, (of Aberdeen, Mfaa.,) —WITH— LIVE OAK OfSTILLE RY, CINCINNATI. Schmidlapp A Co., Props. Sept. 9-lyr. Xo the; Workiag ri«)«.-We can furnish you emp.oyment at which you can make very large pay, in your own locali ties, without being away from home over night. Agents wanted in every town and count v to take subscribers for the Centen nial ileewd, the largest publicatiou in the United States—16 pages, 64 columns; Ele gantly Illustrated; Terms only $1 per year. The Record is devoted to whatever is of in terest connected with the Centennial year. The great exhibition at Philadelphia is fully illustrated in detail. Everybody wants it. The whole people feel great in terest in their country’s Centennial Birth day, and want to know all about it. An elegant patriotic crayon drawing premium picture is presented free to each subscriber. It is entitled, “In remembrance of the One Hundreth Anniversary of the Inde pendence of the United States.” Size, 23by 30 inches. An v one can become a successful agent, for out show the paper and picture and hundreds of subscribers are easily ob tained everywhere. There is no business that will pay like this at present. We have many agents who are making as high as $20 per day and upwards. Now is the lime; don’t delay. Remember ‘ it costs nothing to give the business a trial. Bend for our circulars, terms, and sample copy of paper, which are sent free to all who apply; do it to-day. Complete outfit to those who decide to engage. Farmers and mechanics, and their sons and daughters make the verv best of agents. Address, THE CENTENNIAL. RECORD, ,ntte 99-les. Portland, Maine. Arrlere Penncs. Me wraps me round with hi* richer, He covers me up with his care, And his love is the love of a manhood Whose life is a living prayer. I have plighted my woman’s affections, I have giveu my all in all, Aud the flowers of a daily contentment Renew their Jives ere they fall. And yet like an instrument precious, That plaveth an olden tune, My heart in the midst of its blessings Goes back to a day in J line— To a day when beneath the branches I stood by a silent stream, And saw in tut bosom r.u image, As one seeth a face in a dream. I would not resign his devotion, No, not for a heart that lives, Xor change one jot of my condition For the change that condition gives; I should mourn not more for another, Xor more for another rejoice, Than now when I weep at his absence, Or welcome hia step and his voice. And yet, like an instrument precious, That playeth au olden tunc, My heart in the midst of its blessings Goes baek to a day in .1 unc— Ton day when beneath the branches I stood in the shadowy light, And beard the low words of a whisper As one heareth a voice in the night. BODKIN’S CENTENNIAL SPEECH They didn’t go to tho Centenuial birtli-day'Of-the-nation display at Phil adelphia on the immortal Fourth, nor to the local celebration which a bene ficent Congress recommended for the benefit of the can't'get-aways. Twelve o’clock. July 4th, 187d, found them—a half score of young fellows, with three or four old gray-boards' as merry as tile youngest—sitting on tbe grass near the meandering Bnttnhatchie, washing down their crackers nnd Bologna sausages _’at. 7...... .. ».! 4t>n 1.1 rr 1 n/\mn "*«•** »•• *ev “—" o jug, which, from the scent that filled the circumambient air, contained some thing stronger than milk or water. The meal over, and no one having thought to bring n copy of the Decla ration along, Bodkins rose to Ilia feet, and began his Centennial oration. THE SPEECH. One hundred years ago! [A pause of twelve seconds, followed by loud ap plause ] One hundred years ago, this day! [applause.] Annihilate time and space, and let your minds go back to that solemn sceue—the most memom ble in the nunals of time. [Applause. | To properly appreciate the grandeur of the great event, imagine yourself on the spot, and conceive the surroundings. The glinting sunbeams roJinte with glory the massive dome of our nation's j capitol. “Hold oil there, Bodkins, the capitol wasn’t built at that time,” said Ben Brister. “It wasn’t till a quarter of a century after that Washington became a one-horse village." “You go to thunder,” said Bodkins, “how’s a fel ler to speak, if you break the thread of his discourse, just as he begins to un wind it?"— As I remarked, fellow-citizeus, the noonday sun pours down his golden beams, tilling with light and glory, em blematic of her resplendent future, the first day in the life of the nation. [ Ap plause. [ Far out on the water rides a magnificent steamer— “Bteam hadn’t been applied to navi gation at that day,” Said Dick Jones. “The thunder it hadn’t!” 6aid Bod kins.— As I re marked, far out on the water there rides a magnificent iron-clad— “Ships were not iron clad at that time,” remarked one of thegray-beards. “A lofty- turreted monitor, I intend-, ed to say,” said Bodkins. “Monitors were invented during our civil war,” remarked the gray-beards. “A sloop of war!” screamed Bodkins. “I guess a sloop of war is the next most ancient vessel to Noah’s Ark, and I reckon yon can’t go back of that.”— From the top-most peak of a huge doop floats the glorious flag of our sountry, (loud applause) bearing on its imple folds thirteen stripes and t.hir y-seven stars. (A voice, “Add one for Dolorada.”) Thirty-eight stars emblazoned on its imple folds, each emblematic of a sov jreigu State of our glorious Union. Applause by the red-haired youth in :he white slouched hat.] “There wfere but thirteen States then, Bodkins, so there could have been do more than thirteen stars,” remarked Dne who, from the wise look he put ou, was evidently a school-master. "Give my imagination a little room, gentlemen,” said Bodkins, entreat ingly. “Besides, the stars and stripes were not adopted as the flag of the Confedera tion till some years later,” persisted the scnool-master. “Question!” shouted a big chested, middle-aged man, who hod apparently imbibed more than liis share of the con tents of the jug. “Let’s all hands liquor,” suggested a ruddy-faced youth not out of his teens. This, like a motion to adjourn, being always in order, was acceded to new con. Refreshments beiug over, Bodkins proceeded with his address. • — See those venerable men assembled around the table on which lies spread out the great charter of our liberties —the, birth-register of almighty nation. Consider the grandeur—the sublimity of the stupendous event, to view which angels might well have been pardoued for hanging over the cerulean battle ments of heaven! [Great applause.] A nation about to be born—the magna charta of our liberties about to be sign ed! [Renewed applause, during which the big-chested fellow falls back on the grass.] Englishmen boast that their ancestors—the grim old barons—forced King John to sign magna charta un der the oak et Runnymsds: But onr ancestors, one hundred years ago, didn’t care a continental red whether their King signed their magna oharta or pot; they signed it for themselves and tneir posterity, with own good right hands. [Tremendous applause, and cries of "Bully for Bodkins.’’] Consider, I say, the grandeur of the event, as one by one those immortal men take up the diamond-pointed gold pen and sign the Declaration of inde pendence. “Diamond-pointed gold pens hadn t come into nse at that time,” said the schoolmaster, “nor Bteel pens either, for that matter.” “Is that so?” said Bodkins. “What the thunder’d they write with then?” “Qooso quilsl” answered the school master seutentionsly. As, ono by one they grasped the gray goose quill and affixed their names to the immortal document. Just one hundred years ago. this mighty uation sprang into being with an elastic bound I just as the goddess Minerva, in her i birth, leaped from the brain of Jupi tor, full grawu, and armed and equip ped ns tho law directs. [Vociferous ap plause, in which the red-haired youth knocks the hand’e and neck ofl of the brown jug. Sensation.) The deed is done! The big-mouthed cannon announces the fact to land and sea; the sweet-tongued church-bells ! riug the glad tidings to the listening air; | and the winged lightnings of heaven, ! swifter than Mercury, the mail-boy of the gods, bear the glorious news on the Iw.mltliner a-iriiQ rtf folruvrartlt rtVAr 111! Columbia's land, [A voice, “Hold on there, Bodkins!”] from New York to San Francisco, from Chicago to Now Orleans! “The telegraph hadn’t been invented then,” said one of the grav-boards. “And San Francisoo and New Orleans were Spanish towns,” said the school master. “And Chicago,” said Brister, “was where you are getting, Bodkins—in the woods.” “That's so,” said Bodkins. “Just bear with me, gentlemen, till I wind up the tangle thread of my oration ns gen tly as possible, and I’ll come ton close.” [“Hurrah, Bodkins!” “Go on, Bod kins!"] Augels—that's the idea I meant to convey; hang your new faugled tele graph, anyhow—angels whisper the glo rious news to waiting hearts through al! Columbia's laud, and the fierce-eyed eagle screams it as ou iron pinions borne he bursts through the black thunder cloud:— A natioujborn, a great nation, a mighty nation, a nation of near fifty millions of people, spreading trom the Atlantic to the Pacific, and strengtliing from the coral reefs of Florida to the rocks of Alaska—clad in mail of eternal ice. “You confound two historic periods, Mr. Bodkins,” remarked the school master, “the nation, or, as I should say the Union of to day and the Confedera tion of oue hundred years ago.” It was the nation of to-day. that was born one hundred years ago.— When I say George Washington was born on the 22nd of February, 1732, do I menu the diminutive infant with just vitality enough to kick and cry, and with nothing to distinguish it from a million other childreu of the Bame sex and age? N-e-v-e-r-!-! I mean the great and magnanimous Washington of history—the Washington whose gleam ing sword plucked from Briton's King the brightest gem in his crown. [Cheers. ] So when I speakjof the nation that was born, I mean the nation that fills so bright a pagein the world’s his tory. My exuberant fancy blends in one the nation of 1776 and the nation of 1876. What is there between them? Only a hundred years? And what's, a hundred years in the life of a great na tion? Orlv a little grain of sand in the huge hour glass of Time! Bodkins took his seat amid storms of j applause, and as the whisky in the bro ken jug needed speedy attention to pre ven evaporation and decomposition, the further consideration of the subject was postponed to July 4th, 1$76. —From the Columbus Democrat. Gov. Tilden’s Household. The members of Gov. Tilden’s house hold, at Albany, are his sisters, Mrs. Pelton, a sedate, matronly widow lady; her son, Col. Pelton, and his daughter, the latter, a little lady of twelve Bum mers, who has lived with the Governor sinoe she was two years old. So it may be seen that the bachelor Governor and prospective bachelor President is as pleasantly surrounded, socially, as most married gentlemen. He has his pets, and they all seem to encourage and re pay his kindness. la the event of his election, should that be the result of theoomiug canvass, Mrs. Pelton could not fail to prove as graceful and accom plished a hostess in Washington as she is universally acknowledged to be in Albany. She has resided with the Gov ernor since bis inauguration, and being as affable and entertaining as he is him-' self, she has contributed in no small measure, to the enjoyment of his guests. At.t, Southerners will read the follow ingextraot from the New York World 1 with feelings of pride and pleasure: “Antoinette Polk, a daughter of the < soldier-bishop, is the belle par excel- i lence of Roman society. She unites in herself as many attractions as if all i the fairies had been at her christening. ' The “bine blood” of one of the first I Southern families, wealth enough for i worldly needs, and the beauty of per- i feot features, and a grand classic style, i she has the world at her feet, and it is . rumored that tho prince Doris, is among i her suitors.” 1 The Boy, the Beetle, anil the Dog. r\ Sketch from Mark Twain's “Tom Sawyer.’’] The minister gave out his text and droned along monotonously through au argument which was so prosy that mauy a head by-and-by began to nod—and yet it was an argument that dealt in limitless fire and brimstone, and thin ned the predestined elect down to a company so small as to hardly be worth the saving. Tom oounted the pages of t.he sermon; after ehuroh he always knew how mauy pages there had been, but he seldom know anything else about the discourse. However, this time he was really interested for a little while. The minister made a grand and moving picture of the assembling to gether of the world’s hosts at the mil leniuiu, wheu the lion and the lumb should lie down together and a little child should lead them. But the pathos, the lesson, the moral of the great spec tacle were lost upon the boy— he only thought of the couspicuousuess of the principal character before the oulooking nations; his fuoe lit up with the thought, and he Raid to himself that he wished he oould he that child, if it was a tame lion. Now lie lapHed into suffering again at the dry argument was resumed. Pres ently he bethought himself of a treas tire he had, and got it out. It was r large black beetle, with formidable jaws—a “pinch bug” he called it. II was in a percussion cap-lxix. The first thing the beetle did was to take him by the finger. A natural fillip followed, the beetle went floundering into the aisle, aud the hurt finger went into the hoy’s mouth. The beetle lay there working his helpless legs, unable t-c turn over. Tom eyed it, aud longed foi i...t ....,.e 1 • _u Other people, uninterested in the ser mou, found relief in the beetle, and they eyed it too. Presently a vagrant poodle dog came idling along, sad at heart, lazy with the summer's softness and the quiet, weary of captivity, sighing for a change. He spied the beetle, the drooping tail lifted and wagged. He surveyed the prize; walked around; smelt of it from a safe distance; walked around it again; grew bolder, and took a closer smell, then lifted his lip and made a gingerly snatch at it, but missed it, made another and another; began to enjoy the diversion; subsided to his stomach with the beetle between liis paws, anil continued his experiments; grew weary at last, and then indifferent and absent-minded. His head nodded, and little by little his jniu descended and touched the enemy, who seized it. There was a sharp yelp, i flirt of the po .'die’s head, and the beo tlo fell a oouplo of yards away and lit ra its back ouce more. The neighbor ing spectators shook with a gentle in ward jov, several faces went behind fans and handkerchiefs, and Tom was sntirely happy. The dog looked fool* ish, and probabiy felt so; but there was resentment in his heart, too; and a -raving for revenge. So he went to fhe beetle and begau a wary attack on it igain; jumping at it from every poiutof a circle, landing with his forepaws within an inch of the creature making sven closer snatches at it with his teeth, and jerking his head until his Mrs dropped again. Bnt he grew tired race more, after awhile; tried to amuse bimself with a fly, bnt found no relief: Followed an ant aronnd, with his nose slose to the floor, and quickly wearied of that; yawned, sighed, forgot the bee tle entirely, and sat down on it. Then there was a wild yelp of agony, and the poodle went sai'ing up the aisle; the yelps continued, and so did the dog; he jrossed the house in front of the altar; lie flew down the other aisle; he crossed before the door; he clamored up the homestretch; his anguish grew with his progress, till presently he was a woolly somet, moving in its orbit with the ?leam and speed of light. At last the Frantic sufferer sheered from its course ind sprang into its master’s lap; he Sung it out of the window, and the voice of distress quickly thinned away md died in the distance. * * * rora Sawyer went home quite cheerful, thinking to himself that there was some satisfaction alwut divine service when there was a bit of variety about it. He liad but one marring thought; hq was willing for the do* play with lii» pinch-bug, but be did not think it was ill right to carry it off. - - A Mighty Enterprise. The great feat accomplished by the United States in connecting the Atlan ;io and Pactflo Oceans, by a railroad icross the United States, is stimulating mterprise in Europe; and it is now pro josed—indeed, the plan is matured—to sonnect tbe Atlantio and Pacific Oceans ay a railroad through Central Asia. At i conference of the geographers, recent y held, Col. Bogdanowitz explained some of tbe details of the road, which, t is expected, will overcome one of the greatest obstacles to the extension of iivilization, namely, the separation of a arge part of Asia from Europe by vast leserts, in which no meaus of transit jut a railroad could be of any use. A •ailroad alone can develop the resources >f the many lands through which it would pass; and as the mineral wealth >f Siberia and the Ural Mountains is well known, the exploration and mining >f these regions would be encouraged, ind their resources developed. It is proposed that the road shall itart from Nijni Novgorod, in Russia, where is now the extreme eastern sta tion in the net-work of European rail nods; it will run along the Volga, the lama, to Ekaterinbourg, on the Asiatic tide of the Ural Mountains, then enter Lsia, prooeed in the direction of Trou nen and Omsk at the Irtish, cross the iver, prooeed by the way of Kainsk to Tomtit on the Tem, a branch of the Obi, |imI QfOM that river. Tomsk is the pdnoipd center of eomassroe of Westaffa Siberia; U»—e the mafl uW" run directly to IrkuUli, at Lake Baikal; thence the road is to pass to the frontier of Ch|a, and thence it is no longer au e reins rely Russian, .but an internation al i not irtnking. And tere, also, the only serious engi noerinf difficulties commence, at the mount in range of Kioghan, which, in its nof tern part, is crossed by the Araoog diver. This range is the great est ob< scle, and it will be necessary to pass b; the Mantohooria, and to lay the rood f tm Baikal to Vcrhneoudinsk, throngi the valley of the Bclenga. Then tie best route by which to reach Pekin,jhe capital of China, near the YcllowBea (a bay of the Northern Pa cific Oeiap) has been found to be that of Teliia and Dolournor. At the southert end the famons great wall will he crossil; it already lies in ruin in many pities. The whole distance from Nijni Novgorod to Pekin will be four thousand five hundred miles, of which two thousand eight hundred run through Russiau irritory. Wheu this plan is closely examined, according to known topographical data, I the appment difficulties dwindle down to nothing, when compared to those eu counterec iu the western section of our Pacific Uiilroad. The first section from Nijni Novgorod to Tomsk, runs on per fectly level land (the so-called steppes), similar t> our prairies. In the second section from Tomsk to Lake Baikal, the country is rolling, aud interpersed with riven aud streams; but the greatest hviglt is only three thousand five hun j dredfeet, aud the largest rivers ure but « . 1 . I __: ni.1 J_it. rpu.. onlyherious difficulties, as we have said, lie a) the Chinese frontier, and they are inferior to those overcome in the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevada by the A »«ricru engineers. Russia has raised in fifteen years more than one billion dollars with which to construct fifteen thousand miles of railroad, and can easily find thwe or four hundred millions to con struct a line of such value to all the civilized world.—Scientific American. Cremation in Sooth Carolina. Mabion, S. O., July 17.—A strange I and solemn event has recently occurred ! iu this county, which carries the mind back to those ancient days when the remains of the dead were disposed of by cineration. The subjert of this re markable funeral ceremony was Mr. Huarv Berry, an aged and a highly resaeatable citizen of this oonnty, whose rare tact, industry, and economy, honestly exercised, enabled him to amass a very large property. Many years ago, in attempting remove the remains of a beloved relative from the spot they had lain for some time, he encountered a sight which created in his mind an uuoonqnorable aversion to being buried and to such an extent did this preju dice possess him in after life that he enjoined it upon his heirs, on pain of disinheriting them, to see that his body was burned after death. He was care ful to designate the spot where the cer emony should take place, and the light wood trees that should be used as fuel on the occasion. The old gentleman, after lingering for many months, died on Saturday, the 9th inst., and on the following Tuesday his strange desire respecting the disposition of his remains was car ried out to the letter. The funeral ser vice of the church of which he had once been a member was read, and au appropriate discourse delivered by the paster on the Monday evening previous. The next morning his remains, encased in notlxiug but a square box, which, by 1 * "I * A.* VvAAt, linn<laAmolw 111(3 Ultwvtvuei --•> lined inside and encased outside with black velvet, and ornamented with trimmings, were borne to the spot which he himself had selected for the purpose. Here three large lightwood logs, each nearly two feet in diameter, cut trom the very same trees he had indicated, were placed alongside on the grouud, and upon these logs the box was deposited. Lightwood pieces of sufficient length and thickness were then piled upon the logs and around the coffin until the latter was hidden from view. The lightwood was then piled in cioss layers until the pyre reached a heighth of seven or eight feet. A torch was then applied at dif ferent corners of the pile, and in few minutes the raging fire resembled the burning of a large building, the flames leaping many feet iu the air, and send ing hundreds of feet higher a vast col umn of pitch-black smoke that was seen for many miles aronud. It is said that the fire died out without entirely consuming the remains, and had to be replenished before the cremation was complete. It was the o d gentleman s expressed desire that his ashes should disappear amid the flames and smoke, or be mingled with the soil underneath the pyre, and so no precautions were taken to preserve them. The burning began at eight o’olock in the morning, and was finished in six hours. It was witnessed by upward of a hundred per sons. Mr. Berry resided at Berry’s i Cross Roads, a locality that took it name 1 from him. It is about fourteen miles : from this place. This was the injunction, “Ashes to ashes,” carried out nnder conditions that made it impossible to fulfil other precepts, “Earth to earth, and dust to 1 dust/__ _ 1 Dior children, ye ought not to cease < from hearing or declaring the word of i God, because you do not always live ac*> I cording to it, or keep it in mind. For | inasmuch as you love it and crave after i it, it will assuredly be given unto you ; < and you shall enjoy it forever with God, i according to the measure of your desire i after it. reffersoa Dari* and Mississippi Brpa diattea. We reprint from the New York JTren tbaloB»wiiig'pc«Twtn letter in relation to a matter not generally uu lerstood, even in the State of Missis sippi: Mkmpius, Tm., Sept 3, ’70. “My Dear Miss R: * * * I had no more to do with the repudiation hy Mississippi of the bonds issued than either of you had. I was sunt to oollego when a boy; from college went to West Point, from West Point into the army, and served on the Indian frontier until 1830, when I married and left the army. I took up my residence in a very retired place, distant from the country in which my father lived and where I had been so that I wag a stranger in Mississippi,! seldom leaving the canebmke in which I lived, when, in 1836, the lost of these notorious bonds were issued. "It was seven years thereafter befora I was brought into any political discus sion, and theu only in the country iD which I resided. Before that time — 1833 —the famous Union Bank bonds had been repudiated, and though the question still entered iftto party politics it had little more than an historical existence. “Upon the question as a politico moral one I opposed the doctrine of re-> pndiation, insisting that governments, like individuals when claims were made against them, had no right to make any other issue than one of fact. Is there a debt, or is there not? “Pur that publicly declared opinion the party of repndiators made war upon me in the beginning of my political life, using both stratagem and concentration of their forces to defeat my nomination for Congress in 1845. I was in full fel lfitrahm with the Democratic oartv of Mississippi, aud though most of the repudiators were iu it, they were still in a minority, and, sustained by the party, I was nominated. “About this time the new phase of repudiation presented itself in a bill to cancel bebts due to banks which had violated their charter. This was relied upon as a popular thing to control the Democratic party, and to check my political progress. Before the nomina* ting convention met I wrote a letter and printed oopies of it. “These were distributed among the members when they met. The letter severely condemned the project as againt good morals aud integrity, even if it could be sustained at law. Some of my best friends strougly advised against the circulation of that letter, pronouncing it an set of political sui cide, while eJiuitliiig that it stated what every honest man must feel. I am glad to say that their fears wefe not realized; the honest instincts of my fel low-citizenf sustained the right. “I may here add that I never at any time held any civil office in the State of Mississippi. “When the Federal Government sought to discredit Jthe Confederacy in Foreign markets, they sent-to Eng land to present me as a repudiator. No man knew better than he the falsity of liis representations, for he was an ao tive politician in Mississippi when re pudiation occurred, and it was years afterward before he knew of my exis tence. “To his misrepresentations, and to my defense, in your father’s paper, of he honor of Mississippi long after the ict termed ‘repudiation’ had been loue, is I suppose, to be attributed the surrent slander which has provoked our 'riend Mrs. M. “With tediousness of detail I have jiven yon the facts as they . bear upon nyself connected with the question, ind you can give Mrs. M. as much or is little as you please. * * * “As ever, truly your friend, “Jefferson Davis.” The Latest Wonder of Telegraphy. The readers of the Telegraph have Jeen made acquainted with the wonder lerful inventions of Prof. Bell, by which musical aud vocal sounds can be &nd have been sent over tho electrib wires, hot few, if any, arc aware of the wonderful results which are sure to fol low these improvements in telegraphy. A few nights ago Prof. Bell was in com munication with a telegraph operator iu New York, and commenced experi ments with one of his inventions per taining to the transmission of musical sounds. He made use of his phonetic organs and played the tune of “Ameri ca,” and asked the operator in New York what he heaid. “I hear the tune of ‘America,’” re plied New York. “Give us another.” Prof. Bell lhen played “Auld Lang 3yne.” “What do you hear now?” “I hear the tune of ‘Auld Lang 3vne,’ with the full chorus, distinctly,” replied New York. Thus the astounding discovery lias seen made that a man can play upon nusical instruments in New York, New Orleans, or London, or Paris, and be leard distinctly iu Boston! if this can je done, why cannot distinguished per 'ormers execute the most artistic and leautiful music in Paris aud an audi mce assemble in Mnsic Hall, Boston, ;o listen? Prof. Bell’s other improve nent, namely, the transmission of the iu man voice, has become so far perfect id that persons have conversed over a thousand miles of wire with peifect iase, although as yet the vocal sounds ire not loud enough to be heard by nore than one or two persons. But if ihe human voice can now be sent over ,lie wire, and so distinctly that wheb wo or three known parties are tele graphing the voices of each can be reo igmzed, we may soon have distinguish id men delivering speeches in Washing on, New York or London, and audi inoes assembled in MuBio Hall or Fan mil Hall to listen!—Boston Traveler. Bwftfer Life, Present and Past. The terrible fate of Custer and hii gallant three hundred adda aaotbei tragic chapter to the great book of Bor der events, whose beginning dates from the earliest settlements of our country, whose end will be only when the Indium as a race shall have become extinct. Thu horrors of (he Modoc enmpaigt: are yet fresh in our memories. The historic Lava Beds, Indian cunning baffling the skill of onr soldiery for so t long a time, savage malignity and treachery culminating in the death of the brave Can by and others whose mission ' win honorably treaty and peace—ull these are still remembered with a shudder. Iheir parallels in device and atrocity are only fonnd in the deeds that com pose the history of the “Dark and Bloody Grouud,” or among those which murk the blooy tracks of the treacher ous Mingoes, descending from theii Great Lake fastnesses upon the unsus pecting tribes and settlements of th< Susquehanna and Allegheny. So with this heart rending story o Custer and his men, which has beei sprung upon the country so suddenly and which :s being read amid tears o sorrow and calls for vengeance, fron one end of the land to the other. Soim may find its parallel in the history o Leonidas and his three hundred; soim may seek for like sacrifices amid tin annals of the Scottish Chiefs or Foils! I Patriots. But it is only when we tun I to the thrilling chapters of our old Bor der history that we read and re-read, ir intpnspsifb-d from the 1III Kid v Htorv o' -Rose Bud and Big Horn Rivers. Cus ter and his three hundred, ambushed bj a wily foe and melt away in death be fore odds rendered doubly aud terribly formidable by bewildering shrieks and stealthy mode of fighting, recall with vivid effect the tragedy of Braddock's Field, whose details are graphically and fully narrated in that wonderful book, “Our Wcsteru Border Oue Hundred Years Ago.”* Or if other parallels be sought, they abouud in the same brilliant, stirring and faithfully volume; for Custer and Lava Beds, Modoc and Sioux, are but repetition, now fainter, now fiercer, of Dulzcli aud Bloody Run, Crawford and Battle Island. Banner and the Miami Towns. The new story, whether of victory or defeat, massacro or escape, cunning or adventure, treachery or dash, hardship or retreat, is but an epitome of tbe old filled with its quaint aud primative por traitures, haloed about by thrilling tra ditions. and sanctified to us by the facts that our fathers were a part of it and these our dwelling-places were scenes in the midst of it. *Our 'Western Border One Hundred Years Ago. A new and tare Historical volume of Border Life, Struggle aud Adventure, by Charles McKnight, Esq., eight hundred pages, Price 83,00. Pub lished by J. C. McCurdy & Co., Phil adelphia, Pa., Cincinnati, O., Chicago, 111., and St. Louis, Mo., and sold by Agent. For terms and illustrated Cir cular address the Publisher. About Hose. For some time past it has been one of the duties of ‘he police officers to go to the various houses on their respective beats aud ascertain the size, etc., of the bose used in sprinkting the yards and streets. Out on Grand Avenue one of our sturdy peelers had watohed a long time at the back yard of an aristocratic mansion to try and obtain the necessary information from the servant girl. But she didu’t appear, anil finally, in a fit of desperation, the officer walked round to the front door and raug. A moment later the lady of the house herself open ed the door. This rather staggered the officer, and without a word of prelimi nary explanation he touched his hat and led off with “Oood morning, madam; I called to inquire what kiud of hose you use?” “Sir?” said the astonished lady, grow ing about a gaiter heel taller. “Yea’m. Very disagreeable to trouble you, but we have to make these inqui ries, mum. Duty, yon know.” “Duty, indeed, sir. You miscreant »* “Beg pardon, madam. Perhaps yoi don’t use any hose. I’m very sorry, bu I don’t know.” “Not use any hose. Oh, you villion!’ “Well, perhaps it’s rubber hose, mad am?” “Rubber hose!” she screamed. “Yoi abominable wretch! What do yoc mean?” “I mean what kind of hose-” “Well, of all the impudence!” “I ask a thousand pardons, madam. I aee yon don’t know-” “I don’t know-” “But here comes the kitchen maid. She can tell me what I want to know." “Susan, if you say one word to that miserable brute I’ll discharge you. She can tell you, can she? I should like to see her.” And so the officer had to retreat final ly without accomplishing his purpose. The lady told her husband, the husband flew in a rage to the sergeant, the ser geant explained the matter, and they both agreed that it was a great outrage that ought to be kept very quiet.—St. Louis Times. Dr. D. M. Wadinotoji, the popular host of the West House, Durant, in re sponse to our article of last week, call ing on tome one to give a recipe to take the bitter from milk, when oows had eaten of bitter weed, writes us thst he uses soda with suooess. He gives each oow one tablespoonful, night and morn ing in bran or meal, and the milk soon become* nice and sweet.—Koteinsko Star. j One square, first Insertloa. each ! subsequent insertion 76 cents. | oje square one jnal.W*; Wrtsquuren .one year, 326. 2. i onc-fourthcolumu one year w.*; •»'» ! lialf coluutu one year 9100, One column one yeni $1*C. /~j» Local Notices twenty cent* a line. The space occupied by a aqiiare is on', inch. Marriage notices and death*, not ex ceeding sis lines, jiubttabed free. At; over si* llees charged for at regular ml verliaias rates. Mlieep Husbandry. Id England, where tlio owner of tlic land apportion# it mt to his renters, who in torn snblet to tiller* of thoboil who cultivate crops with hired labor, everything is of necessity so reduced *o system that the exact cost of a product is known before it is thrown upon the market. And constant inquiry is made, after the most minute investigation based upon experiments aH to the profit or loss resulting from growing any ani mal or cultivating any crops. The Royal Agricultural Society of England, in its recently issued half yearly Journal, published a paper upon the relative profits to the farmer from breeding horses, cattle and sheep. This paper is a compilation froui flCveuty five reports received from as many sec tions of the United Kingdom, Snd giv ing in detail the experience of the best and most successful farmers fn England The conclusion of the Society is, that with rare exceptions breeding thorough • bred saddle and carrriage horses is more expensive and less profitable than ■ breeding roadsters. Breediug any kind i of a horse less profitable than breeding cattle. “An ox with a bruised knee or ■ swonen joint is none toe less vaiuaoio i to the butcher; but a colt with a broken , knee or swollen hock is considerably re [ duced in value.” But the bulk of . the collected evidence was in favor of . breeding sheep as profltab'e stock, i If this be true in a country where i lands rent annuity, for from twenty to fifty dollars per acre, liow can it be oth erwise than remunerative in the South where the choicest sheep walks can bo bought and paid for at less than half of the above annuities? Surely some day we will see sheep husbandry practiced successfully where nature lias doue lur more than her share of the Work. The paper to the Royal Society of England says: “The return from sheep is quicker than from cattle. They are more easi ly managed and require less labor and attention than cattle or horses. They also produce two sources of inoorne in the year, one from a sale of a portion of the stock, and the other from the dis posal of the wool. On' dry farm?, al most wholly arable, growing heavy root crops, they are the best stock to keep. The beet slieep to maintain de pends on the nature of the soil, and tho climate of any district—just as the case of cattle.” Raising and ricking Geese. We clip the following on the sbovo subject from an agricultural exchange: Iu a late number of your valuable paper a young farmer Wanis the advioc and experience of aome person who has had experience in raising and picking geese. I am now nearly sixy yearn old, and have raised and picked geese ever since I was large eUough to hold a goose in my lap. I will give you the results of my experience. In the first place I try to keep the flock as near eqnnl as possible (as many ganders as geese,) so they will mate equally in the spring. Geeae are not like other fowls; every gander has his own mate, al though some ganders will have two geese, and one goose will have two ganders. Geese are very easily raised, requiring but little attention. After the goslings are a week old, feed them on corn meal dough, with a little salt in it, until they can eat young grass. Care should be taken to give them shel ter from hard rains, as they are easily drowned previous to the time they be gin to feather. They want nothing but water in the summer. Feed grain in winter, and they are all right. In the pieking process, I pick atxmt every seven weeks, if the feathers are ripe, which oan be told by catching one and plucking a few feathers from it; if the quill of the feather is clear, they are ripe; if the quill is full of blood, they are not ripe. Pick nearly clear in warm weather, bnt in winter not so close. Care should be taken to give them warm shelter in winter after pick - ing. Pick all the small featliets and leave the large ones except four or five nnder each wing, which must be pluok ed or the wings will droop. The yield of feathers will be aliout one-quarter of a pound to the goose each pioking, when full feathered. Social Intercourse. What drives the farmer's children to cities? Simply the lack of social inter course in thi country. If yon would keep your boys and girls at homo, make agricultural society attractive. Pill the farm house with book® and periodicals. Establish central reading rooms, or neighborhood clubs. Enoourage the social meetings of the young. Have concerts, lectnres. improvement associ ations. Establish a bright, active, so cial fife, that shall give some Signifi cance to labor. Above all, bnild as much as possible in villages. It is bet ter to go a mile to one’s daily labor than to" place one’s self a mile away from a neighbor: The isolation of American farm life i« the great curse of that life, and it falls upon the young people—the fcirls, especially—with pe culiar hardship, driving them, too often, away from comfortable li sines into tho the perilous life of a crowded city. The subject of the discourse of our young friend, E. H. Dial, upon tho oc casion of tho exhibition of the Gradn ating olass of Oxford, of which he waa a worthy member, was: “Tho Relation existing between the Thalassioola of the Radiolaria, and tho Rhamphorhynchua of the Pterosauria.’’ We have always thought that the relation whieh has ex isted between these parties ought to be 1 letter explained than it is has been, and it is gratifying to ns to know that there will be no difficulty in understanding if hpreaf ter'— Jfa-.