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She gtMhluu’cn |Cfl%cv. Established ir. dS-^O. R UJLiiWrfriMitoi' ami rroiiriclor. ' $2.00 PBB V.'.AU; $1.00 FOB Six MONTHS. TIIKI.EDOKRH.XS ARSURIIKD THE SOUTH. KBIT JOURNAL AND WEEKLY rlTlKKN’ Job Work of Every Description **mc. in Best Stvle ami at I " ' ’1 ' '_ My Country—May Slie Kver Ho Right t HutRIghtor Wrong—My Country ___'___— NEW SERIES. "TtliOO K11A YFnTmISS., THURSDAY. JULY 7, 18SI. VOL- 10 "NO. 48. .■Hi -i in §rookhavcu '■tdflcr. _Murlhlig Rales. . >. 1 1 I 8 6 tt Hp»ce Tl.ue Mon, Mont Mont Mont Mont i inch' i’oo s 6* "» 66 ' g’to 'it 66 to65 * Inches !«« no too it on 10 oo woo 8 “ 8 00 1 0“ It 00 18 00 t4 00 M Ml 4 “ 4 00 » 00 IS 00 to 00 JO 00 44 00 8 " 5 00 1100 18 00 tl 00 IS 00 MOO 0 “ | 6 00 18 00| tl 00 tfl 001 4t 00 SO 10 Marriage notices ami deaths, not ex ceeding six llnet, published Tree. A1 over six lines charged for at regular ad j vertlalng rates. NKW ORLEANS. • Z~i TFP-ffSTY . .-.A, , -fvV- X 1‘ ••"vK Guliott’s Ibagnolia Cotton Gins, \VJ'* x Ames Portable Engines, V Eclipse Traction Engines, dealeiN Bradford Corn Mills, kiJmof Carley's Saw Mills, VALVES SyracuseWaterWlieels and Injectors, Ejectors, Brass Goods, Steam Pumps, Shafting, Belting, Hose, Pulleys, Pipe, Packing. Pipe Fittings, Etc. Etc., Etc* EVERYTHING PERTAINING TO Etc. FLOTATION S1ACL A SPECIALITY. Send for Circulars aud Prices F. P. ©RAVEXJSY, 16 UNION STREET. N£‘.V ORLEANS. _ “ 6 l ? i y is h s FOR FRESH, FIRST-GLASS DRY GOODS, FANCY GOODS, ETC, SENT TO E. H. Adams & Bro., WILL RECEIVE THE Promptest and Most Careful Attention, As they <lo not deal in DAIHAUED «OOI>8, AICXIO* GOODS «»K JOB I.OX8 Their Patrons are Sure to get Good Value. 594 and 596 Magazine Street, New Orleans, mar31-3m No. T4 St. Charles St. A WGHBEEPnL. And scientific discovery You can get a pair of spectacles that will keep your eves in as good condition for ev er after as when tirsi you use them. These Medicated Glasses have been thoroughly examined and analyzed by Prof- Berger, the great Trench oculist, ami I)r. Carl Hol lander, the famous German oculist, and pronounced as fat superior to any glass as yet made, and recommended as the only glasses to be used to save the eye. American ocu lists claim that the Medical Glasses have no equal, and can in some cases restore the eye tojits original sight when used in time, Piid in no'casecan the eye become impair ed by the use of these glasses, if properly adapted, for the following reasons** 1. The cheiaiicids soften tUa Uj*Ut to tU<» eye. completely doii|* away with thaf.tire _that fs experienced in using glasses after one (wo hours’ use. i 2. The medicated properties contained in the glass make it as h urd a=* a d;antond. It will retain its polish and never become dull or dim, hence you will always see thfough it as bright and clear as at first. 1 The chemicals keep the glasses cold ns ice—result is your optic nerves are always coo, doing away with any feverish sensation to the eye 4. These glasses have no fequal for night reading or sewing. With them you can sit up all night, and the light has no effect on*the eye, with no tiresome sensation whatev er, which necessarily continues to improve the eye. We suit all eves and warrant our work, or money refunded. Persons living at a distance, desiring the Medicated Glasses, can oe fitted by sending address with postage stamp. The Medicated Glasses can only be had at 74 St. Charles Street, as we naye no agents, nor do we employ peddlers. BEWARE OF COUNTERFEITS. NONE GENUINE UNLESS STAMPED “MEDICATED.” HEEC. HOtTSAH, Crescent City Spectacle Co., efttOly 74 ST. CHARLES STREET. NEW ORLEANS. Sold in BroOfcliaven By L. L. SCirWAB, agent for Lincoln county.__ H.P. BUCKLEY, Watchmaker & Jeweler, 8 Camp Street, New Orleans, lias a large stock of Waltham St< ir.-windirg Watches, at Lowtst Priccs.dcc23-6m PUOTOCIKAB’UBBC PAKI.OKS AN I> E-'B.\K A BB’5' «,1 A B.B.BlItV 109 Canal street, New Orleans, La. .helargest and finest Photographic Establishment:in the United Stales. A cordial _ tation to visit it is extended. The work proceed m this establishment m farsup^ uor to any made in the South, and cjual m every, respect to that of the celebrated ga cr ies in New York, Paris or Berlin. An additional studio just erected on roof ol our buil ,diug, enables us to fill orders for copying and enlargements at short notice. 1 ortrmt painters can have the use of our mammoth silver camera to make sketches and draw lings. Enlargements made for the trade. Prices moderate, bend for my little book, •“How to Dress and when to come for Photogrape,’ free. WASHBURN Photographic Artist, 109 Canal st. N.O. HAGAN’S NEW ORLEANS. IHmciisc* of ilu- live iiimI liur. DR. C BEARD, OCULIST AND AURIST, 142 Canal Street, New Orleans, La. Office Hours from 10 a. m. to 3 p. m. 8>St>" A fine selection of Artificial Eyes. feb24-tf A. B. Griswold & Co., 119 Canal Street,N. 0. witcbmIkerTompm's SILVER WATCHES. $10 to 20, accord ing to Grade. Gold Watches 5-10 to 73,according to grade. DIAMONDS At such moderate prices that the purchas er can always get hack the bulk of his money for them. Silverware, Plated Ware, Bronzes, Clocks, Tablet titletv. Pocket Knives, Scissors and military'goods. Send for catalogue. febl7 louisgTmbleT" OF THE 554 & 550 Magazine St., New Orleans, Is offering Great Bargains in LA DIES, GENTLEMEN* CHILDRENS BOOTS AND SHOES, —ALSO— Hats, Caps & Trunks. Orders from the country will receive prompt attention. Send for prices. oct28 ly Wm. Reinerth, JOBBER IN Fur, Wool and Straw Hats, 30 Chartres St., New Orleans. figrCampeacliy Hats a Specialty.“^SB dec23 ly____ SPRING OPENING eoDCHAun, 81 and 83 Canal Street, NMEW OUM143N, - - I.A. On Monday* March 23th, we opened' more than 00 styles in neii’saml YouIIi'k « lolliingr, comprising tlie latest novelties and most FASII IONA BLE G( )ODS, in medium and . light weights. The entire line is the liSirSCNt :i»d IlnntLomesf we have ever display t d, to which we invite inspection. Our stock of DIAG< >NAL WORSTEDS, TWEEDS, SERGES AND CASSIMEKES, cut in various styles, is large and varied. Our assortment of ■toy % stud Children i Iolhing is complete, and will be kept so through the season. Novelties in Furnishing Goods and Hats. LEON GODCHAUX, 81 and 83 Canal Street, New Orleans, La. X< B. and injdrnetioMs for wlf measurement, willingly sent on application.! marl7-ly _! Chafe & Powell, COTTON FACTORS AND COFOIIKKIAY IlIiRCIUHTM, No. 6 Pe rdido st. T. O. Box G02, NEW ORLEANS, LA. oct-19 .3. ABBOTT, WITH MAY & VAUHGHT, Wh-olesalo Grocers 44 Common St., New Orleans. To my Friends and Customers—I have this day associated myself with the well known grocery house of May A Vaught, where I will he pleased to serve them with goods at the lowest market prices. J. ABBOTT seplG ly I.nte of Flahs, Preston & Co. ~ T. W. WATTS, DEALER IN Choice Groceries, WINES AND LIQUORS, K3» RAMPAKT STREET, (Corner Calliope,) NEW ORLEANS LA. feb3tf Hansel! & Co., Manufacturers of Saddles, Harness, Bridles, Collars, and all Goods in the Saddlery line. 119 Common Street, New Orleans. dec23 ly LOUIS HALL LOUIS OOOK SPGtiT&IEfi’S EMPORIUM. No. 24 St. Charles Street, . T A .... •••• - DEAI.ZBS IN Suort-in? an«l FJahing Tackle of everv do«rni» turn, powder, shot, Shells and Fixed Amuni lion of ail kinds. | The Repairing Department is under the per sonal supervision ol Mi. Louis Cook. Guns re bored to snoot close. Mail orders particularly attended to. I*. O. Box 937. sepSO ly Agents for the Baker Guns. Mabgabkt Haugueby. jjenard Klotz Margaret Haughery and Co. MARGARET’S STEAM AND MECHANICAL B AKERY, Nos. 74. 76 & 78 NEW LEVEESTREET Jan-29 m New Obleaks, I.a. Prize Medal Paris imposition 878. AWARDED TO AI.PH, WALZ, FOR HIS MALAKOF BITTERS, 26 Conti Street, NEW ORLEANS. Sold in Brookhavcn at Smith’s Saloon. w . h s m i t h" Steam Boiler Manufacturer, 117 Front st., between Notre Dame and Girod, New Orleans. Flue, Cylinder and Low Pressure Boilers of all sizes. Steamboat, Steamship and plan tation repairs promptly attended to. Residence—459 Third street, between Franklin and Liberty._mar31-ly tJ.GhLEE, Practical Slater. Importer and Dealer in AMERICAN & ENGLISH Slates, Ridge Tiles, Fire Brick, Cement, Lime, Sand and Hearth Slabi. Office, 109 St. Charles Street;Depo36 317 M» fating d r3 et, New Orl» apr7-ly Kitermju. l*assinji Away. BY W. W. IIOSKINS. This earth is waxing old and, like an angel man, It has almost run its course fulfilled its des tined plan. No more the golden days of lucions youth for it. Around its fainting footsteps the gathering shadows flit. No more the glorious days of Hector and Aeneas. No more the dreamy days of Helen and Theseus, No more the laughing days of Sntyr and of Fawn, Tithonus and Aurora, fair Goddess of the Dawn, Of Odin and of Balder, of Imir aud of Tri ton, And of all the gladsome eras Tradition gives us light on, For earth has grown prosaic. Its heart is made of steel, Its breast is cold, hard iron—a thing that cannot feel— The air it breathes is steam, electricity its blood, While telephones anil phonographs com pose its daily food, It has passed the age of Chaos, it has passed the flush of Youth, When Chivalry was real, and Happiness n truth. It has reached the prime of manhood. We scarce find time to rest. But onward in the whirl of care our weary feet are pressed. It has reached the prime of manhood, and soon all will lie o’er, For when Life’s next, last stage has come, the earth will be no more. Oh, God, for just one moment, roll hack the tide of time. And let us see that ancient world that only lives in rhyme! It cannot he, my prayer is vain, and grant ed will be never, For that bright world that used to be lias gone from eartli forever. A Merry Heart. The rich may boast of gold and lands, Of goodly rents that fill their hands And overfill their purses; But lo! here’s one who does not care For sparkling gems most pure and rare While love its gifts disperses. If titled men look down on me, Scorning the threadbare coat they see With sleeve and shoulder parted, I’ll still sing on in merry measure, Greeting alike both grief and pleasure, Nor never be down-hearted. If winds are high or winds are low, If wintry winds unceasing blow, I’ll whistle with such gladness That all ftvMi know an honest heart, Can never »ob .with sadness. If summer friends forget to smile, And with kind wonjs my woes beguile,; Or pass me with coldness, I’ll not complain, nor fret nor sigh Hut be more cheery then I’ll try; Success needs chiefly boldness. If trials great beyond control Encompass round, and wildly roll The stormy billows o’er me, I’ll never fear, but with good grace Keep on a smiling, happy face— The brighter side e’er see. If ’bout my form the tempest raves, And all my path the angry waves With muddy waters fill, Like one of old in sore dismay, I’ll cry to Him who need but say; “rv‘ase troubling: peace, be still.” A Y'OUNS BEBO. r In June, 18G0, the brig Polly Deems, Capt. Job Payson, sailed from Boston for a part of Turkey, laden with cotton and goods. She was a new, taut little vessel, with plenty of storage room, and had ac commodation for two passengers. The crew consisted of the Cap tain, mate, four sailors, a black cook and a cabin boy. Capt. Payson was a conscientious, just man, who treated his crew neither to jokes nor grog, but who lodged and fed them better than would five out of six of the masters sailing from New England ports. “Old Job,” the mate, who was from the best, used to say he was •‘a hard man but one you could tie to, in fair weather or foul.” His crew were picked men, and, with the exception of Dan the cabin boy, had been with him tor years. This was Dan’s first voyage, and he felt that Captain and crew eyed him witli suspicion. lie was on proba tion, and he felt that not a grain of favor would be allowed him. Dan was a farm boy, who knew nothing of the world beyond the village in which was his mother’s church. Shipboard, the sea, Eu rope, Turkey, here were bewildered! ideas to burst at once on his narrow experience, scarcely wider than that of the house-dog sleeping at the barn door. “Keep your eyes open and your hands ready to sec the work of the moment and to do it before the mo ment is over,” was his mother’s last advice. “For the rest, Daniel, ask the Lord’s help. You’ll find Him just as near you in Turkey as in your own home here.” Dan, in the hurry and excitement of srettina under way, and of his new duties, repeated the advice over and over to himself. It seemed to keep his rnothtr near him. Several days after, while lie was carrying tiie dinner dishes into the cabin, he over heard tiie mate say: “That boy is clipper enough for a raw hand, captain.” “Aye,” grunted Capt. Payson; “turns out better than I expected. I took him for his mother’s sake. Widow. Old friend of mine.” “Rather gentlemanly fellow this passenger?” ventured the mate, finding Captain Payson in an un usually talkative mood. “He is a gentleman, sir, one of the Farnells, of Springfield, Ill health. Doctor prescribed a long sea voyage. A gentleman and a scholar, Mr, Briggs!” Dan, while waiting on the table at dinner could not help noticing the passenger. “Some of these days,” thought the true-born Yan kee lad, “I too, shall be a gentle man and a scholar.” Dr. Farnell was a tall, lean man, carefully dressed, witli sandy hair and moustache, but with eye-brows and lashes almost white. His eyes, too, were large and pale. They met the eves of any other man fair ly. Once', when Dan happened to look at him, he turned quickly •way, and he glanced furtively and suspiciously at the boy, at times, during the rest of the meal. “Don’t like him,” thought Dan. “Looks sneaky and tricky, and not like a gentleman.” But Dan, of course, kept his opin ion to himself. Even Job, the cook, snubbed the “raw band,” and tol erated no remarks from him. Fortunately, the lad was not sea sick. He learned his new duties quickly, was alert, neat, and always good-natured. In the course of \ - -• r.: - ' , oue week Capt. Paysou had twice grumbled approval. Dan worked harder than ever, and between times, for recreation, when the passengers was on deck, he watched them. Dr. Parnell talked fluently and brilliantly, as even -Dan's uncul tured view could perceive. But his talk was leveled far above the heads of either the Captain or Mr. Briggs, who listened with half-com prehending admiration. But there were days when the doctor was absolutely silent, ate nothing, and paced the deck wrap ped in profound gloom, his light eyes darting suspicious glances from side to side. On one of these days, Dan, going down just at twilight to find some thing he had left in his bunk, saw a tall figure, which he could not rec ognize, with a candle groping about among the chests of tlie|sailors. “Who’s there?” he shouted. The man came quickly toward him. The ca^ig threw a j-ellow glare over liis’sffTYace and glaring eyes. It was the passenger. He caught Dan by the sleeve. “Here, boy—what do they call you?” “Dan.” “You are surprised to sec me here, Dan?” with a guilty laugh. “Took me for a ghost, eh?” “I beg your pardon, sir; I ought not to have called to you. But it took me aback, sir.” “Naturally, you uced not be sur prised at seeing me iu any part of the vessel. I am studying its con struction, ns a scientific man. Capt. Payson has been good enough to give me admittance to all parts of the vessel. You needn’t shout in that disagreeable way again. It startles a nervous man;” and with a vague smile he blew out the can dle aud went upon deck, leaving Dan staring after him. “It’s not all right; or why should he, being a gentleman, make such a loud explanation to me, being a cabin boy,” said Dau at last shak ing his head. That night Capt. Payson was alone upon the quarter-deck when Dau presented himself before him and saluted. His vofee shook a little, for lie was terrrbly scared. “Old Job” wts a bigger man in his eyes than any king or potentate. “Well! what’s the matter with you?” growled the Captain. “The—the passenger, sir.” “What hayc you to do with the passenger?” “I beg your pardon, sir—but are you sure he isn’t a thief, or worse?” gasped Dan, forgetting in his terror the respectful speech he had planned, in which he meant to state the fact of Dr. Parnell's visit below deck. 7'lie Captain seized the rope’s end. “Take that for your impu dence!” he shouted, aiming a blow at Dan, who dodgqd it, and then billrtod.out the whoje story-. , “Sea«-<-J.inp ammi4 thetbunksjkDr. Parnell!” muttefctT the captain in astonishment, dropping his weapon. And then he walked thoughfully up and down. Suddenly he stopped before Dan. “It’s well you came to me and nobody else with the story,” he said. “It is of no account. Dr. Parnell is an eccentric man. If he wishes to examine the ship in any part, he is not to be ^watched or spied upon. So keep your eyes open to yourself and vour tongue too. If you go blabbing this about, I’ll flog you.” Dan crept off to his work feeling as if he had a sound drubbing. Tears of rage and mortilication stood in his eyes. “J/other’s rnfcs do very well on land; but they won’t work on ship board,” he muttered. “But there’s something that needs watching in that man, and I’ll watch him.” Nothing of moment happened, however, for t week. Then Dau observed that the passenger’s days of fasting and depression grew more frequent. There were whole nights when lit paced the deck un til morning. The crew joked together about him. One declared that he was a murderer; another that lie had es caped from a lunatic asylum; but the common opinion was that he had run away, from a termagant wife. “D'ye mind,’’ said Irish Jem, “how he eves every ship we hail, as though she might be aboard?” Dan alone never joined in the gossip below decks about the mys fnrr One clay a little incident occurred which [suddenly strengthened his suspicion. Just before nightfall, when pass ing the after hatchway, in the cov ering of which was a slide that could be opener! and closed at will, Dan inot-Dr. <• jjtmuull-eoming up, covered with dirt and dust. There was an unsteady glare in his eyes. He seized Dan by the shoulders. “Do you know where I’ve been?” lie asked boai'Sely. “In the lower bold, sir, among the boxes.” “What d’ye think is down there boy—for you and all of us? Death! Death! But tell nobody—nobody—” He dropped his hold and staggered on. Mad as a March hare!” muttered Dan. But half an hour later Dr. Far ncll was seated at the supper tabic, gay, self-possessed, keeping the cap tain in a roar with his good stories. About the middle ot the second watch that night, Dan turned out of his bunk. The boy was really too anxious to sleep. “Death is in the hold eh? Death is in the hold,” he repeated to him self. He did not dare to go to the cap tain or crew with his story. Yet he was sure some peril was at hand. He sat shivering for awhile, then pulled on his clothes. “If Death’s m the hold, I’ll find him,” he said. He groped his way to the after hatchway unquestioned, for the mate,” who had charge of the deck, was reclining listlessly against the rail further aft, where the hatchway was hid from a view by the cabin. The slide was open. His heart beat quick with excite* went, but noiseless as a cat, Dan crept down to the lower deck, and groped for the hatchway that open, od into the lower hold. He was so certain danger was afoot that lie was rot startled when he saw a faint, reddish light, and found the lower hatchway open. The hold was not so closely stow ed but one could move about in it quite freely, and on lowering him self carefully Dan saw that tne light came from a lantern, and that it cast a glare directly upon the face of the passenger, who was kneeling and working at something upon the floor. ‘'So that is the way death looks, hey?” thought Dan. “He couldn’t well look worse,” and he ej’cd the haggard, ghastly face. “What grating noise is that?” he asked himself; and in the same in stant he sprang forward with a cry of horror. , The passenger had an auger in his hands and saw lay beside him. He had bored a hole through the the side of the vessel, below the water line, and the water was al ready coming through. The boy clutched Farnell and shook him like a wild beast. “You are sinking the ship. 77elp! help!” The madman turned upon him quietly, and nodded. “Yes, we’ll all go down together. Don’t make that outcry. Nobody can hear you.” He had caught the boy’s wrist, and held him with the unnatural strength of the insane. Nobody could hear him. Dan re membered that, and became sud denly silent. 7/orror and fear on ly made thought more vivid. Death was just at hand. There was nobody to drive it back but himself, and he was in this mad man’s hold. He stared in the fierce glassy eyes with an agony of hesitation. Farnell laughed back at him. “I thought of burning, but this quietest. I want to go calmly into the great hereafter. We shall all go together in a few minutes,” glancing at the stream of water gushing out of the opening. “Oh, mother, mother!” cried the shivering boy. “We’ll all go together. Kings among the ancients went across the Styx attended by the slain on their burial. I will be followed by the Yankee captain and ins crew: A sudden flash lighted Dan’s eves. “Not by the captain,” he said. Ilis own voice startled him, it was so calm, and in a tone so very different from any iu which he had spoken before. “The captain and Mr. Briggs will escape!" he cried. “Why, what do you mean?” cried FarnelL “Escape! How can they escape?” “Because they are list in the hold. They will take to the boats.” 77an felt a chill run over him. He tried to speak, but his voice failed. He had but one chance, and he must try it. “I will go and bring the captain and Mr. Briggs down, if you like. Then they can’t get. away.” . “Ha, ha! Pretty good joke. Well, go and bring them and be quick!” loosening his hold and pushing Dan away. Dan walked slowly to the ladder, then he made one wild spring up. “To the hold! To the hold! A leaked!” he shrieked and fell to the deck. Within another hour the mad man was in irons, the leak had been stopped, and the water was pumped out of the hold. The danger was past, and all snug and taunt. Tiie crew made a hero of Dan. Even Capt. Payson spoke out his hearty praise. “The lad saw what was to be done, and did it. He had courage, and what is better, good sense. Who taught you to use your wits, my boy?” “J7y mother, sir," said Dan. Fashion Notes. Gowns trimmed iu one sided fash ion lead one to think that the wearer's figure may be like the gown. The prettiest ’kerchief to wear in the street with a black silk dress is of black and white checked silk. The children’s hats of coarse white straw trimmed with wreaths of wild flowers, are called Clyde. The Saxe glove has no opening at the wrist; the mosquetarie has, yet both mould the arm perfectly. “Tally-ho" is the name ot the short frocks which young girls are to wear iu the country this Sum mer. Real roses are worn on rough-and ready straw bonnets which arc oth erwise very simply trimmed. Pineapple cloth is made up into neckties with four bands of hem stitching and embroidery on the ends. Embroidery done over padding is used on undergarments. It is very heavy, and is spoiled by washing. A new sleeve pattern is tucked at the top instead of shirred, and caught up on the inside of the arm by a bow. Stripes of shaded silk and wool in Algerian effects make up one mate rial used for evening wraps this Summer. Some of the Summer mantles are worked all over in small interlinked ovals of short bugles and seed beads. Three yards is considered quite long enough for an American bridal train. Those of five yards are left to royal ladies. A little Cincinnati boy has been slowly wasting away with some un explained disease for several months. The German women of the neighborhood concluded that he was a victim of witchcraft, and sent a committee to inform the parents, who did not accept the explanation, but permitted an examination of the bed. There is a German supersti tion that witches cause feathers in a bed to weave themselves into a wreath, and that whoever sleeps on on it will become ill, dying when the ends of the wreath come to gether. Sure enough, the women found in the boy’s bed what they declared was a witch's wreath. It was sprinkled with salt and burned in accordance with a traditional method. Chang, a Chinese coxswain, steer ed Yale’s eight oar last year, and will be in the stern again this sea son. The stroke that blasts life’s hop< blasts also its smile. k iscellung. Bits of Common Law. Drunkenness is no excuse for crime. The law presumes that every per son intends to do that which iic does. A parol of personal property must be accompanied by posses sion. The attempt to commit a felony or misdemeanor is an indictable of fense. The mortgagee and not the nlort gagor must pay the fees for record ing the mortgage. A verbal release of debt, not fouuded on a valuable considera tion, will not bar an action. Any one who takes possession of a minor’s estates without authority of the law may be held responsible as a guardian. Ignorance of the law is no excuse for the commission of crime, but ignorance of facts may render a civil contract voidable. » Guardians, if practicable, must lend out the money of their wards, on good security, and must collect the interest annually’. An unwritten will of personal property is valid when the property does not exceed $500, aud the be quest is made during the last sick ness of the deceased. A person may have his domicile in one county or State, and his citi zenship in another. Citizenship is not lost or changed by residence abroad, so long as the “intention to return” exists. If an administrator or executor gives a note, or makes any other contract in his representative ca pacity which the law docs author ize, he fails to bind the estate, but is individually liable upon the same. TheTathcr is the natural guardian and custodian of his children; but, in case of separation, their custody may be given to the mother, if the father is from any cause unfit for their control or unable to support them. An action for the recovery of specific property may' be brought without giving the bond specified in tue code wnen me simple ques tion of this is tried, and the pos session of the property is left un disturbed. It is a violation of the law for the occupiers of lands under a com mon fence to turn the stock within the general inclosure during the cropping season. The party so offending commits an indictable offence, and is civilly liable for all damages that ensue. There is no warrant}' of title at an administrator’s sale, but a per sonal represenatative is bound to make the purchaser as valid con veyance of such title as his descend ant had. He is liable, personally, for all damages arising from bis failure to follow the law. The voluntary concurrence of competed mi*ds is require make a valid contract. If decep tion be practiced by either of the parties in a material matter, or either be so intoxicated as to be unable to comprehend the nature and efTect of the transaction, this invalidates the contract. Stick to the Farm. In my mind, one of the most alarming evils of the times is the tendency of the people everywhere to leave the rural districts and flock to the cities—leave the quiet, and happy homes the country and the villages afford, or should afford, and congregate in dense masses—plunge into the life of strife and turmoil which such a situation imposes. This tendency is draining the farms of their young men; it is drawing them from the country to the towns and villages, from the workshops and firesides in these to the great centers of population— where thousands by thousands ride the waves for a time, and by thou sands go under the seething cur rent. The great majority of young men, it would seem, are seeking to be come professional men—lawyers, doctors, preachers; or if not some of these, middle-men of some sort —clerks, tradesmen, agents, etc., or that far too numerous class that cannot in any sense be_ ranked with the producers. As a conse quence the country is teeming with humbug institutions to qualify them for these positions, where un sophisticated young men arc‘’taken . i -i t* - ?»_i_i,~ 1U UI1U UUUU 'I |*'>1 ‘ V to sixty days, come out completely ground over—that is, fitted for swapping jack-knives, computing the interest, and making a living out of the profits, or qualified lor standing behind counters and deal ing out ribbons and small talk to nice young ladies. And so, all the large cities jYora Dan to Beersheha, are becoming tilled to overflowing with an ever swelling tide of nou-produccrs, hust ling, crowding elbowing each other, and going under! some oftbem to come up again in the country whence they started; others and the largest portion, in the alms-houses, benevolent asylums, and penitentia ries—broken in fortune and broken in constitution. And the cry is, still they come! An advertisement for a clerk, a book-keeper, or agent, in nny one of our large towns, will usually bring from one hundred to one thousand applicants for the place; while a farmer or & black smith may call for a hand to make his living by the sweat of his brow, and find no response. Of ihe famous Grenadier battal lion that accompanied Napoleon I. to Elba after his first abdication at Fontainbleau, the last survivor. Jacques Raymond, expired in Paris a few day8 ago, at the advanced age of ninety-six. 'Tis love that makes the world go round.” It also makes the young man go round—to the hous< of the girl about seven nights pel week. _ _ The fox whose tail was caught ir the trap was one of the first indi viduals who “severed his connec tion.” Men care comparatively little foi erudition in women, but much ibi physical health, good nature sue sound sense. New York sends carp to Ecquador The Dog. The dog is a digitigrade eurnivor ous animal. This will be news t< most persons, who had always sup posed that a dog was simply a dog It has been bruited about that the dog is the best friend to man among the brute creation. He pants after the thief. When once he gets hold of the thief a pants he makes breaches. A barking dog never bites; that is to say, when he begins to bite he 8tops barking. Conversely, a bit ing dog never barks, and for simi lar reasons. The hair of a dog will cure his bite. This is a cure-ious supersti tion among hair-brained young men who are fast going to the dogs. Dogs are dentists by profession. They insert teeth without charge. The sea dog loves his bark. Did you ever sec a dog that didn’t? The bark of a tree is unlike the the bark of a dog. Even a dog wood know this. Dogs are not always kind, though there are many kinds of dogs. Every, dog has his day, although dogday^ last but a few weeks in the year. There must be a Sirius error here. The dog’s star is the dogs’ planet, They plauet so that their days come while the star is in the sky. They do not fear it. It is not a Skye terrier. When a dog enters a pitched bat tle he sees the dogs tar. Brutus said, “I had rather be a dog and bay at the moon than such a Roman,” He had seen the dogs roamin’ around on the bay. They never get over the bay. See? A living dog is said to be better than a dead lion. There’s no lyin’ about this, but a dead dog is dog gone bad. Tray was a good dog, but tray’s worse than the duce when held against you. Dogs were the original Argona bULD. 1 UCV II UCHU gl\VU VI their search for the fleas. The bull dog is a stubborn fellow. He is not easily cowed. Puppies are born blind. They are not see dogs then. There are many' types of dog, in cluding the doguerreotype. But perhaps we had better paws here. How’l this do for the dog? Married People Would be Happier. If home trials were never told to the neighbors. If they kissed and made up after every quarrel. If household expenses were pro portioned to receipts. If they tried to be agreeable as in courtship days. If each would try to be a support and comfort to. the other. If each remembered the other was a human beinsk not an ai^cl. If women wt«rc as kina to their husbands as they were to their lov ers. If feul and provisions were laid in during the High tide of summer work. If both parties remembered they were married for worse as well as for better. If men were as thoughtful for their wives as they were for their little sweet hearts. If there were fewer silks and vel vet costumes for the street and more plain, tidy house-dresses. If there were fewer “please dar lings,” in public, and more common manners in private. If wives and husbands would take some pleasures as they go along and not degenerate into me ( toiling machines. Recreation I necessary to keep the heart in i s place, and to get along without it is a big mistake. If men would remember that wo men can’t always be smiling who have to cook the dinner, answer the door he'll half a dozen times, and get rid of a neighbor who lias drop ped in, tend to a sick baby, tie up the cut Unger of a two-year-old, gather up the playthings of a lbur year-old, tie up the head of a six year old on skates, and get an eight year-old ready for school, to say nothing of sweeping, cleaning, etc. A woman with all this to contend with may claim it as a privilege to look and feel a little tired some times and a word of sympathy _1.1 . ..» 1- _ 4___1. *■ from the man, who, during the hon eymoon, wouldn’t let her carry as much as a sunshade. Fertilizing Orchards. Prof. Beal, who lias been experi menting with an orchard situated on rolling land of black, loamy a a ture since 1873, reports the follow ing results: Around some trees small circles were kept cultivated; but these trees do no better than those which grow in sod. A circle of grass extending nearly out to the ends of the overshadowing lines is of little or no damage to the tree after it has grown fifteen or more years and lias become well estab lished. Trees of this age left in grass without manure, in our orchards, grow more slowly, produce less fruit of a smaller size and poorer quality than trees which have been well cultivated; the fruit is generally in oar cxperimentsjof a brighter color when grown on trees left in grass. When spread broadcast about a tree, barnyard manure produces a good effect about two years sooner than when the manure is placed close to the tree. Some trees were kept heavily mulched, to others ashes were applied at the rate of one wagon-load of leached, or two or three bushels of unleached per tree, others were given a wagon load of barnyard manure; these ap plications were made four years ago, and perhaps it is too soon to arrive at conclusions, but as yet the trees appear about the same, no difference being visible in favor of either of the above modes of manur ing. Where clear cultivation has been practiced without fertilizer or mulch, the fruit seemed to be just as abundant and of as good quality as in the three last cases enumerated. Thorongh tilling of the land has been one of the best experiments, and has apparently produced the best results. I have experimented in thinning apples while they arc •mall and find it very profitably. JP? Sinsidt, “Touch Mo Not.” One of your little correspondents gets the information that, as the high priest, after offering up a sac rifice, could not be touched, until he had gone into the holy of holies, so Christ, having offered himself a sacrifice, could not be touched un til he had gone into Heaven. But did not the women hold him by the feet and worship him? And did not our Lord invite Thomas to touch him, in order to confirm this doubting disciple's faith? Krdm macher, in his “Risen Redeemer,” says: .“It may seem remarkable that our Lord, on this occasion, per mits the women to do that which, with his ‘Touch me not? he had forbidden to Mary Magdalene.” But he is the “Searcher of hearts,” and weighs the mind and disposi tion in his own balances. The feel ings with which the women in the place cited from the Gospel before us, fell before him, were different from those by which Mary Magda lene was moved when she addressed him. Theirs were feelings of the most reverential worship dem onstrated before the face of the glorified God-man; while Mary’s feelings were those of pas sionate joy at the human re-ap pearance of her Saviour and pro tector. Mary needed, therefore, an elevation to higher spiritual views of the future relation of the redeemed to their glorified Mediator; whilst these needed, above every thing, aj confirmation that they really saw in him the same Lord and Master bodily before them whom they had carried to the se pulchre three days previously. Again, your little correspondent is instructed that our Lord made his home in Heaven these forty days between his resurrection and ascension. This is based ou the fact that there is no mention made in the Scriptures of his staying here. The fact that there is no mention made of it, I think is quite sufficient to prove we need not know where he made his home. There is certainly no proof that he went to Heaven in the interim. I have been moved to write these few lines because of the great re sponsibility resting upon those of eta who instruct the young, not to gE beyond the very letter of the Scfiptures in our instructions.— Mrs, Randolph, in Christian Ob servor. A Beautiful Incident. On board the ill-fated steamer Seawanhaka was one of the Fisk singers. Before leaving the burn ing Steamer and committing him self to the merciless waves, he care fully fastened upou himself and wife, life preservers. Some one cruelly dragged away that of the wife, leaving her without hope ex cept as she could cling^to her hus band. This eho did. placi&i; her haud firmly on his shoulders and resting there until her strength be coming exhausted, she said, “I can hold on no longer.” “Try a little longer,” was 'the response of the wearied and agonized husband. “Let us sing ‘Rock of Ages.’ ” And as the sweet strains floated over those troubled waters, reaching the ears of the sinking and dying, lit tle did they know, those sweet singers of Israel, whom they com forted. But lo! as they sang, one after another of the exhausted ones were seen raising their heads above the overwhelming waves, joining with a last effort in this sweet, and dying, pleading prayer: Rock of Ages cleft for me, I.ct me hide myself in Thee, With the song seemed to come strength; another and yet another was encouraged to renewed effort. Soon in the distance a boat was seen approaching. Could they hold out a little little longer? Singing stiii, they tried, and soon with su perhuman strength laid hold of the life-boat, upon which they were borne in safety to land. This is no fiction; it was related by the sing er himself, who said he “believed Toplady’s sweet ‘Rock of Ages’ saved many another besides him self and wife.” No man who has reached the age of three-score years and ten would upou reflection, be willing to rub out from his experience in life the sorrows which have softened his cnaracter, me mistakes which nave taught him wisdom, or the wrong doings which he has ever regretted and which by their influences have been formed in the texture of his moral character. What is the world? A dream within a dream; as we grow older each step is an au inward awaken ing. The youth awakes as he thinks, _ . from childhood; the full-grown man despises the pursuits of youth as visionary; the old man looks on manhood as a feverish dream. Is death the last sleep? No, it is the last final awakening. A moment’s work on clay tells more than an hour’s labor on brick. So work should be done ou the children's hearts before they harden. -——»♦ m -- The flower of civilization is the finished roan; the man of sense, of accomplishments, of social power— the gentleman. Beautiful is the evening of love with its remembrances and its rain bow side turned toward heaveu as well as earth. Every man must work at some thing. The moment he stops work ing for himself the devil employs him. Our ancestors may be a great honor to us; but it is much better if we are an honor to them. Faith and hope themselves shall die, while deathless charity re mains. If the end of one mercy were not the beginning of another, wo were undone. Astronomer Proctor says the world will last fifty million years yet. The purest treasure mortal times afford is a spotless reputation.