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COSUaBSD tVUT TBOMDAY. - THBO. D. FISHER tit farming!! Whm, be f af tninatott PUBLISHED IN TUB IBTBBBBI ST. FRANCOIS COUNTT. OWE OOXXJJK A : MmIMi nun dm umn, Mi J VOLUME XXVII. FARMINGTON, ST. IFRANCOISRCO.. MO., THURSDAY, AUGUST 16, 1900. NUMBER 33. w e eaeeeetbees llvlag nwi ee iMNhm af Tiaras am wears . le Che aeial. af the MM) w asanas I iWw w all paella i im ar teeai mm dorr The Murderer of Express Messen ger Lane Arretted and Has Confessed. HE NEEDED THE HONEY TO GET MARRIED, Hul Unmi.H n 1-.-iud"l th lliiri- Taklng of lh I if. f I ... Tl Ar rril Mb. f- In hi "-, Ills AM-unrr-l Hlf, In Whom Had lotr!) th My. Columbus, On Aug 1.1. t'harlra U Jl. Fcrrrll. former inpl"vr f ilnm UMM .. taBa arretted rirrilay firtii(Hii in thi rit. nml he con fraari to thr kilhtiK of Mrnaenffei till". l-anc ;mtl the ruMT f the any afr of th .tlntm Fxprea to. nn the l'cnnavten .. eat Vitiml 1 rain which arrived in I In ctti at midnight Vridaj One Nhmmkii I (MkM of th MM which he lit I ''"Ifii MM reco- red. Bm lo Hat IfM Warrled rnrrel! MM M fli-vi hfl Nrfrstw, Thursday next, lo MWN OMH low , ilniiirhif-r tf r K online, an MjMMff M lh'- iVituki hnrti Imri it hit 1 1 MNfM il''han-el from the cm plot of t!tr Atlnm r.xprrsi t'n. otwttil three nvHilli- UO, mil had not since '' nlil-- to '--un- Hr rtmfrifd t li -at Mir motive of the rl In rv v.n o crriirr innrv. of whir lit fell in j; rr at nrr'l. 'tn account of III 4 ipprt'.u htn mnrrni 'lh money irotrro hr I. n. I rn i H4hm (oi- I lo IttMKl for li'in Nit Hag I Ml' it ib MINJ) the I" I' "I sat 'I 1 rn lii eariiin. Srrralcd t Ihe MM Ml Ml. Fiance l!r nt "ic i f In iflli urnl and in Ntf If i pi i utv tVr Mm si, Ft i . a Mil - fmi f Mfl H Ml a ilcndiI phv- iio- twing NMI fMrf it lirich. l'h ihr, hl fli ft nn m trn tiw fm-r. Whrn th- oftirrrt look l.iin into rtinti tl I nmiMMMI slMil.ittt dtMIMT, ImiI mtMM I. foiiiifl IihI Ik' MfJi no 'o-ljfrf drrritr h tin ith, lir iiijulf t fill in NMMiOi AtMi lii tat tn''ht hn !. t IbImci In hirf nf P. iltrt- fylri SMI Ml IVM I t o a i t'll In i hi pli- ,ia m,i t In (i viitr in' nrrvoMi ifUtfMt M.t'l onlftB rrr i I hfl t i M ( ImiI rtoMril to rirnl Mmmmma . rawlf ImmIiI in j ir MMMM MrdMitK rlMf. Thr ronfr-inii f Kr-rrfl MmMmmI a ('ii" i i anil MfMnl-riinlliiif: iriftr thai 'm'l iliuoxf I ittH vthm i I i of lwlirf. Ilr futift In hml lwmin li vMTnl- MNMMM Ml !' iualilhly M Wi.rr fi'ilnt inrii mi'! .i rftiltutio of ihr fn-'t that hr miirt haw nioiirt to ilrfrn iMfMlMJMMfMt aM npproarh hM MAffMJM Tli- raMMfl il MMhH ran-f M pMMMtfi nnd it MMMlMl th MHflMf of K prr t MMNMNIMPff I Mtf. 1 1- Soil no nt rofnplir-K n n no MM fiilaitt. Hr MM VI j!ir rll. In fart hr wcfr frirnrlii .tm hr r. linl upo I .;i i.r'a rOWMMMMI to lo-lp lion i- u t thr rritiir. lir kni t that rotitiilrt ah1" litonrv i,hiifi rarriril In thr MMMMMIVff on thr IVnn h aniii train o. . MrtMMM SI ImmM nml ( uluin lm mill that hr wt rrrtiun to M urr u hirer MUM if h- rohU'd thr n MM on that train. MMMM4 MM MmmmMi NMfllMJ prorhlrtl himarlf tt ith a BnHIl WMMMJ ix-ahoirr. .tv-rali lrr. hr wriii to I r nana KritU morn IntT MM Wftltml for Ntj N Vhii thr irnin arrltl hrrr Krrrrll rnt at MaM to thr MMfMM rar anil toh) ) ..i i . that In MM "' of monr. ami n.kr! MTini'ion to ritlr to Colunihtta wltl hi in li nr MfMMMMafi MM rr for a MMMMjl MMMMtlMJ thr Irrarhrrv of hi. WtUMMM i rirncl. Kor a Nhort IMM Hftrr Ihr train Irf I ilmita thrv vlia tin I plfHinntlj. MJM4 MM VMtMal frfaa Rlil. Ijiiip aat in ii - I. an at thr ni nf hr ibi with hin Imt k Hlitrhtlt twrnrtl Whrn Krrrrll hml ftnallt nrrtrtl him rlf for thr trimr, hr drrw bin rr toir and Htrprd up )rhind I..H,- unolmrrtrtl. and flrrd thrrr ; in rapid Mifrrriuilon In thr lni"irnifrr' Imrk. Itnr rollrd oft thr chair ti thr fliKtr on hi far .and Krrrrll oiilrk v find thr irtnnli'tiiK hotn at thr prontratr IkhI. Tm Makr HU Work MM lAtir hn uiiroriHTtoiif., Init Krirrll. frarinir that thr wound- ulreaH in flh-tt-d would iM rniotr drath. tofk li'' rrolrr and fliVtl two mort bullrts from It into th- hod?. m. .( ftntl Nnhbol Ifcr mt. Krrrrll thrn look th krjr to thr way ifr from thf porkrt of thr drad u i i h' i and oHm-d thr nafr ami laid EaMM rrvorr insidr whrrr h MMM rrarh II raaHv in MUM h- was drlrt'twl am' nrfMrd It to drfrml him arif. Aftrr h had takrn out all th aarka rontnintntr thr monry parkafrr. MMMJ I'fdrrn and vnx Mlla, ht plarrd ttMM in n Kinall aatrhrl and waltrd until thr rar arrlvfd at Plain City, whrrr hr Hipped off thr train. U r.H la A H'Hrt fr III Rlajlll. Ilr ualkrd alroiit 'or a frw mimitr to IWJMM mpiaurr, and Ibrn In quirrd for Ihr hoirl, which hr found after a abort tiinr, a hrlatrd ntlrri dlrrrtinir him to thr tlarr. Hr ar nirrd a room and rrtlrnl for thr nijfht without rrfriatrrinv. a fart of whrh thr lamllord took no aotlcr at thr tiinr. an hr was half aatrep. Afi-tn HI MMMMMMMi aWair. fnr In hi" room fVrrrll prordrl to ffo through IM) MMfaaMM ami take out all thr raah. Thr rrroatudrr hv tin! up in a iMin.H- Thr quratloo of how to frrt Hd of ihr drbrfa of his rdnndrf and hi rrtolvar thrn con f ron tad him. It war- an raay mattrr to diitpoar of thr lattrr. I.iftlnjr up thr mattrvMt of thr lird, hr plarrd thr ravolvrr In a awurr piaor In thr priaipi. II wn not no raay W diapoar of tttr btintllr of vprr aacka and MB- VClOftTB ti la ft I Mr I'BrkBsJf, Aftrr thl-iklnir thr matter over hr aawcloded be eon Id rrt rid of thr tmn dle beat by exiareaainc It to a ftetftiotta addrrate In aomr dtatant city, knowini .hat it woHfd remain there a year at leaat la fore it would be opened, if it era a not taterrepte!. Farrell aroae early tbr aeat morning and aa an tared down to the railroad Ktatfaa. and aat there Im a time readier a book. Than be atjarfciaed the naakatfv wbiab bt i4 mmi Cv-w port. N. V., laiught a tleket and took the train for olummm at H:10. I'rfor. riirrt M MMMM) lWB. Whrn hr arritrd in thr rity he wrnt at oure to hia toardiiir. houae on th north aide of the rity and rhAnffd hfa rlothr. Krrrrll aald hr waa vrry MMM dfnfnrlNMl hy thr talk atmut the murder and robber's, which hr lirard MMM rr hand, but hr kept up hil nei rr. Ouring the day he paid a MMaMMJ of bill- that hr owed out of thr monr whirh hr had tolen. and laoight aomr rlothro and other t In nira whirl, hr nreded. Saturday night lie went to aer Ifioa (oat low anil ar MMMal to rail again Sunday uftrr noon. MMMM Ml Mat Trail. It waa at Plain t ity . (aat Sat unlay, night, that I it lrlrrtira ifNrjll and Ibindofi obtatnrd thr rr thnt n to Krrrrll a apprrhrnaion Thr had liren at thr hotrl at da y light, whiln Kerrrll waa alrrplng in an upper paaaMi nd MMVl thr proprirtnr if any atrargera had rrgiatrrrd or had been aren altont the hotel. Thr proprietor aaid that h did not remrmbrr ha Ing arrn any atrangrr. Latof in thr afternoon thr deternvra nyt. nakefl thf proprietor if hr had area any atrnngrm alBnut. ami h then re mnnlwrrd man wlw- hud forgotten to NffltoMt had atntrd at the houae orer night, and had font awa MJ the rurl morning train In olMMMMi Kaaatt laRf't Hi".ltpf. Thr dlri tivra at MtTf MaitMMl the room, and ttrre rrwautrd by finding Kr rrell'a rrToltfer. MM1 1 h- had MU'fMla 1 it. ITie alao found rvrra1 Maf bills i ha had bet n iJHrloi3Ml by Krrrrll In h a hurry urd t x iiniifi.t whiir nakintr Mjl thr f ApftMl pack- Mgt. Thr hnltl kpr ( iblr to giee only an MMMffacI deafrlptloa of the trangr gtii". brraue. aa h' aaitl. he war too aleept at thr IMM to takr my particular notice of him. latrrrrptr Ikr I i" 1'arkaa- Alter Irarnin of thr f IpfOM pork agr thr drtectivea at oner trie phoned to i idtiruaua, and bad H mtcrrrptrfl Thr park nee waa -m m-l and thr t-tolen packn' roetaining MOMM or dra MM aiMtf IMMM ayfeiofc Krrrr.l drhired ttt gt t rid of wrn- fOMVi CMataMMMl Mr Waa aa Ka-Kmrlt. CMtf of lartMTtlnw Kallj and lie trt'iivrH O'Veill nnd DttMMM then art. to wnrU lo run down th inyaterlnii i alrnnger who. thr had Iwromr ron rMjMatwMI ane-eiiipl'ir of thr Adams 1 I " i t o. SiiBp i wm MMM rratrd ti I m ttt Krrrcil. atttl information eurrd in rrgard to Ml MOVCMata 4aHaj thr last threr da waa ronaldered auftii irnl to warm t hia arreat. ( natrnalrtl k a TrjlBp Italy. The irt Ileal flrat tarnt ttt hit ttontding place, nml wrre informrd that hr araj prfMMtblj at thr houir o hi rwrrtlimrt. on Mat raat aidr They at once wrnl ttt th ( atlt' rcaitlrnrr idiTf thrv found Krrrrll. It waa it try inf datt for thr f tretivca whrn they werr uahretl into the room wln-rr Kerrell aat romeralng with thr you iil: lady. Krrrrll apMarrd an noyrd at thf intrtiaion. .n..r trl nf Haralar. Thr drteitirra did not broach thr oibjrct of thf train rtdiltery. but in). I linn that hr was sMMMMMl of n Imrg tary. ami that the, tiahrtl hun to ac "oinpany them to the police Million, where thr chief of jtolict wanted tn mtrnirn him. Thinking that -tor hafta thr detrttitea MMM on Ihr wrung Bceut, Krrrrll nerved MmMnU niitl aaid with apiarrnt MMMMNIra! "I guraa thrrr MJMal Ml MMM mi takr." AflMltfrtl thr ( rtaar. He exftioetl himaelf to the young iMoJ and aernnipanird th- iltaetlMi lo thr tHj prlaon. On thr way t thr atatlon Ihr drtrrtivre tnltl Krrrrll tthat he waa wanted for ami "hat Ihey knrw. and hr reluctantly admit ted that hr had commit led thr crime. A Wrlttra twtafettatwa. At thr police atation a written con MMMM MM taken by the chief of po lice. Krrrrll trird to keep hia nrrve, but it waa evident that he had Item under a art ere at rain and that he could not atand the ordeal much longer. He diil not tell a MMMMMal atory Moat of the fnc- were broughi out bt iiieatlona which he MNHMM to nnawrr reluctantly. Keeral times he broke down, and when hr waa finally led to a cell he waa n a atate of col later. Mr then aeemed to realir for tbr firat time the awful nature of hit rrlmr. nnd thr fart that he will. In all prnhtthillt v. atone for It with hi own life. Beearea ikr Tkaaaatata iMallaea. A aoon aa It waa learned that Ker retl had giten the money tn hia mjmM heart. lnaectnr Barron wrnt to the houac and aecured it. The young lady was utterly pmatrnted hy the dla closures. ,Shr had not auaprrtrd Ker rell of wrongdoing for an inalant, and It waa a terrible ahoett to her and her pArrntR, who had regarded Kerrell Ml u model young man. Thr ynnng lady hart never doubted hi atory that thr inonry which hr placed in her keep ing had been earned and aaved by him it he stated. HI MEMORY 0P HBO HUMBERT MsBBkH of Kw t ork Hml H.M.rl.1 rvltw Ib AkSSSSsM ri-n-t. i-l-h tar Ihr tMfll. New Vork. Aug. It, Mrronrial aert kv for Kinc llumlx-rt of Italy wn; hrld yoitrrria.v In Carneirir ball, by lh I nilrd MalMK mx-MI of New Vork. Cbevaller BtswsiSHSl llranrht, tlte Ital ian ronaul a-rnrral. pnMl. With blm on thn akiT' platform wrrr th Ittira Carirnanj. Hml nrrrrtary of Ihr rmbanay at SVhtijrton; Hantn Krancibettl, of thr Italian parltamrnl; U. Boaaal. nf thr Italia, department of airrieulturr ami iimmrrrr: lr Kci to Koaai, of tbr ilrpartmant of mi Srratlon; Cbevolirr Kiifraay, pmtiilrnt of the I'nltrd Italian aorlrtlra, am arvrral hvcaJIv dintinfruiabni ttaliana. Krry mention of thr dead king's nam waa cheered, thr Italian "Na tional Anthem" naa aalutnl and -corrd, .tad before the eloac of lh meet inn. a diapalrh eaprtaalag the aympathy of the ItaHaiut in A me rim with the queen and royal family and platkeiay their loyally lo the m kinc, and to the xmv of ftntroy.waa drafted to be eatatad in Uueen MarvbrTtla. IM-'"a Mm tafMraaa. Knaoaba. Viim., Aug. 13.- Henry B. ileek, who waa injured try aa axplo aion of gtm bwtwnJay nlf lit, died rat- Biurs nm TALK Discusses Paramount Questions of tile Democratic Platform. LV1LS OF RtPl'BLICiS POLICItS iiiKiiii of thr lftlv ta t attrri MMMfl I Artialrca Terrll-rlra ! era of laaefhallaaa aatl allt-istri.m- I Mr Trar Heaahlb . In IMMM to tbr tender of lh nom ination for thr preaidency by thr noti fication com nut tnl of the democracy, at Indianapolta, WedneMlay, August b. William J. Hryanaajd: Mr Chairman and M'mlrra m th- Noll- 0- ttmn Committee I ahull, at an aalMJ day, and In a mor' formal aunno, a ccjrt the aaMliialloii which you lander. hu4 I ahc!l al that tlmr dlai ub the varlnur oMV tlcna covered by the dmocratlr4tViii'rtM. It may not ba out of place, howrvi r to reibmlt a fw obaervaflona at ibu time ipon the general rharacter of th content tefor u, and upon the question whkb i declared to b ol paramount imntirtane In thl ramr-algn W hen 1 aay that the contrat of It a ronteat bet ween democrary on thr one hand and plutfrcrary on the other. 1 do not mean ta at that all our opponent have delib erately choaen to give la organimrd wealth a prednmlnatlni Influrnr in thf affair of the aovrrnmrnt. hut 1 4a arrt that on the Imi-ortant lacue of th' day Ihe repub lican party I dominated by those influence which constantly tend lo elevate pecuniary ronalderatlon and ignore human rlfht. In IMP l.lnmin aald thnt th republican party believed in the man nnd the dollar, hut that tn raae nf conflict It believed In the man brf..r the dollar This la the Mega relation which should eslat between thr two Man. the handiwork of find, comr first . money, the handiwork of mar. Is or inferior Importance atan 1 the ma tsr. money the servant, but upon all Im portant question tn-drtv. republican legis lation tend tn make money Ihe master aid man the eervant The maslm nf Jefferson, "equal rUthta to all and special privilege to none," and the doctrine of Llnrnln that this should b a government "of the people, by the people and for the peopl, ar Wing disregarded and Ihr Instrumentatttlra of government are being ucd fo advance the Interest of 'htsr who nre tn a pnIUon to seur faenr from thr government. Tke llealr at 1 1 ' . - Th drmocralli. purty Is not maklu war upon the honest u ju.ltton of wealth. It li r no Ucaire ta dlscoursge Industry, n on om ard thrift on th contrary, It give to every Ittan thr grratast pulhle atlm ulus to honeat toll, when it promises him pfiteriton In Ihe niyment of th pro cred of hi konae. lroprty rlgbts ar nmet secure whrn human right ar re. pei ted J'rmociBcy strive for a clvlllau tion la which every m ruber of aoclety wili share according to hi merlta. No on ha a right to rgpect from ao clety more than a fair compensation for th service which he renders to eoclei) If he en MM mure. It is at the MMM of aomr aat MM. It 1 nn Injustice la him to prevent hi doing Injustice to another To Mm who would, either through class Irgi.lation or In thr absence of neceaaary l gU'aiion, trpas Hpan the right of an oihrr the .1. n. ,t; j- m aays1 "Thou shalt not " He pa hi Ira a K.aease. Against ub are array td a t omparatlvaly small, t ut HiUtttally and llnaiicsally pow erful, numterr a ho really pfnwt by repub lican polliire . MM with 1 J; i urr aa4M.-ted a largr iiumiwr who, becaufr of their at tachment id their i'o-; nanit , arr giving their support to riot-trltiea ant agonistic lo the former u.ohlugs of thru un party, llrpubllcan who osed to advocate initiri allsm. now try lo convince themselves that the gold Hiandard 1 good, republican who were formerly attached to tne grsrn back am now aking an racuse for giv ing national banks control uf the nation s paiarr money, republicans who uaed lo hoaai that (he republican party waa pay ing off th national debt, are now looking for reasons to support a perpetual arid In creasing debt, repuollcaus who formerly abhorred a trust, aaa tx-aulle lhems-lvs with the delusion that there are good trust and bad truts. while, m their minds, lbs line between the two I becoming more and more obscure , rrpuhllmn who. In rim- paat. congratulated the rmintry upon the amall ratHtiac of our standing army, are sow making light of thr nhjcctlons which are urged again. t a large Increase, tn the !rmanent mlhiarv -.MMihment ; repuhllt ana who gloried In our Independ ence when the nation waa less powerful, now I. -.a with favor upon u foreign al Hence , repuhlk-ana who three years ago MM mnrd "forcible anneiatlnn" aa Im mral and even criminal, are now sure that It I both immoral and criminal to onpo fori-tWa anneiatlnn Thnt partlean ahlp haa already blinded many to prcaent dangers I certain; how large a portion of ihe republican party can be drawn over to the new policies remains lo he seen For a time republican leaders were In clined to denv to opponents the right to rrttlHae Ihe Philippine ruicr of th ad ministration, but upon Investigation they found that bo!h Mnmln and Clay assert ed and exercised the right ta crltlcfae a pre.ident during Ihe progrr of the Mex ican war Instead nf meeting the MMf holdlv and submitting a dear and poIMv plan for dealing with Ihe Philippine nuratlon. the republican convention adopt'-! a platform the larger part of which wa. b voted to loatlng and self.cnnsTratulallon fn attempting In press - .,m qna tlons upon the country t the -v !olon of iboae which Involve thr r ntructure nf our government the republican lead ers give new evidence of their abandon ment nf tfee earlier Meal,, of the party and of their complete subserviency to pectin tarv consideration. Ne Kvaalaa. ftul : shall not ba permuted to avad tbe ttuaendoua and far-rrachlna laaue vhlcb they have deliberately hrougbt Into the arena of politic. When tbe preatdent, supported by a practically uoanlmoua vote of tbs house and senate, ootsrvU upon a war with Hpain for the purpose of aiding tba struggling patriot of Cuba, th country, without regard lo party, applauded- Although th democrat rerog nlred that the administration would nsoso aartly gain a poltticai advantage from th coaduct of a war which. In the very nature of tbe case, muat soon end In a complete victory, they vied with the re publican In the support which they cave to th president. When the war waa over and th republican leader began to suggest the propriety of a colonial poller, opposition at one manifested 1 1 self. When the preefdent finslly latd before th senate a treaty which recognised the in dependence of Cuba, but provided for the cession of th Philippine Islands to the t'atted Stata. the menace of Imperlallam became so apparent that many preferred to reject the treaty and risk the ma that might follow rather than fake the chance of correcting the errors of the trwaty by the Independent action of thl country Trial t& tb I'enplr 1 was among the number at those who believed It better tn ratify taw treat) and end the war, release the volunteers, re move the excuse tor war exreridtture, and then give to tke Filipino the indepen dence which might b forced from Hpain hy a new treaty. la view of the riittclam which my ac tion aroused in some quarters 1 take this occasion tn restate the reasons glvm at that lime, i thought It safer to trust the Arwtoan people in give Independent- to the Kltlptpos than to trust the accom plishment of that purpose to diplomacy with an unfriendly nation. Uncoln era hodtod an argument In the question, when he aakod: "Can aliens make trcatle easier than friends ran make laws?" I believe that w ar now In a better posi tion to wage a successful contest against imperial! lam than we wouiu nave had the treaty been rejected With the treaty ratified. Is pre- tented between a government Mr O and a government by force, and Imperial ists must hear the responsibility for all that happens until the question Is settled If the treacy had been rejected, the op ponent or imperialism wouio nave held reponiblr for complications which Boons tn rev have ertsted at to the r the MMMaTJ Mi there any difference a fn the MMM I or ta queoooo ana thr i nn now as to the MM t" rrsabei to Ihe rillploee. Two title of again being oatlnguUhed we wore at liberty to deal with th Flll ptisoe according to AmMMMJI prtnelnle. Th it aeon rvsnluilon, lntrodnod month before hostllltle-! broks out at Manila, promt-ted 1 ttde penitence ta the rtUidiBO on ihe same teema that It waa promised to he Cuban r supported thl rewolutton ajfed believe that It adoption prior o the bwg&Maex ou t of hosttmloo would ba v yrv -anted bloodshed, and that Its a leg at any subsequent time would have en Jed tvOStratle. If tba treaty had been iejectd. comdd srahte time would have aacsosaitly sioposd before a new treaty eonbS have oeon Mprttg upon aon rnnj. aaa auring thai OMo tba fjestlon would nav lag) vm the Miset W ItM Hm o ert any International might have arisen i mean on or aaovjbarireaty. beat mthfd ttf on- ffaaalatloa had keen adovtrd hy tba eenata and caxrtrd nut by tka prtaldrnt. rltlirr at tb time of the rall&cauon at th treaiy or at any UjM af terwarda, It would have taken (be auaaUon of tMpartatUm out of pclltii'B arul left the Antticin pro pte free to deal with their domeatlc prob lema. Hut the ritaolutlon waa defeated hy the vote of the republican vlca president and from that time to tale a republiran rcnraa baa reruaed to take any action whatever in the mat tar. Cowardly tit When hoetilltlrs broke out at Manila, republican peakf-ra and republican edit or at once aouahl to lay the blame Upon i hoar who had Ulaed the ratification of the treaty, and. during the progreaa f thr war, the Bum republican have ar cuasd th opponent of imperialism or i Ing encouragement to Ihe Filipinos Thl Is a cowardly evaator of responsible f It Is rlaht for the t'nited Hiatos to hold (hr I'hlhpptns Islands permtnentlyl and Imitate European empire In the gov I ernment of iidoules. the repHbllran pa't ought t ttfltr Its position and drfrml It. but It must expect the oubjeel races to protest against such a policy and to resl' ' to the egtcnt of their ability The Plllpinos dn not need any encouragement from Anwr leans now living Our whole history hss er o.ingement. not only to the j flllplnoo but to J1 who or Arnlen a vnl'-e In their own govarnment If toe republic ana are prepared tn censure all who have ! used language calculated to make the Ktllptno hate foreign domination, let them , condemn the apeeeh f Patrick Henry When h ultred that paaslonste appeal ' 'Hllve m llkeety or give at death." hoi evpreMeed a sentiment which still echoes In the hearts of men 1et them renanre , Jefferson, of all the staleemer nf hletorj . none have uaed words so offensive to those who wnuld hold their fellow In poll 1 1, al boudsa. Let them cenaure Wasnlngton, who declared that the colonist must choose between liberty and slavery. Or, If the siatutr or limitations ha- run oaalnat the ansa of Henry and JelTctaon and Wash i Ingixii. it them cetiaur Ur.coiii, whnae : dettysburg speech will be quoted In de fense of popular government wbea the i preoent advocates of force aad conquest are forgotten. Montr on.' ha said that a truth once iroken can never bo recalled It to true. 1 1 ges on snd nn. snd no on can ost a hml' to Its aver widening influence But if It were poMtblr in obliterate every word written or apohen tn defense of the prtn clplea set forth In the dlarattoa of In- l-nce. a war of conquest would still (eve lis legacy of perpetual hstred, for It waa lod Himself who plared In every liumar. heart the love of liberty He never madr a race of people ao low In the ecale iwiiaation or Intelligence that It would sir N ome a foreign master Lincoln aald that the wafety of this natlo wot not In Its fleets. Its armies or Its fort, hut in the spirit which pritea liberty and th. heritage of all men. In all lands, every where; and he warned his countrymen Mat they could not destroy thu eplrlt without planting the aeed of deapntlam at their oara door Those who wotild have this nation ea ter upon a career nf empire must consider not only th effect of Imperlallam on the n If pinna but they mast also calculate It effect upon our own nation We cannot repudiate the principle of self -govern ment In th Phtitrolnea without weaken Ing that principle here. rural, .I Na Imperialism. Even now we are re beginning to too the c of Tmiee-ulla.no Her- p.tialytlng Inrikieui tofore. thi nation haa been oromut to os prea Its sympathy with thoe who were ftghMng for civil liberty While our spher of activity ha been limited to the west ern hemisphere, our sympathies have not been hounded by th sea Wo have felt It due to oursetvee and Id tho world, as well as to tho who were struggling for the rlaht to govern themsetve. to pi.- lalm thr intsreat which our people have, from lbs dots of thlr own independence, felt la every conteat between human right and arbitrary power Three-quarters of a century ago when our nation waa amall. the atrunles of flreece aroused our people, and Webster snd Clav gave eloquent exnreaalon to the universal destrs for (Ireelan Independence In ISM. all parties manifested a lively Intereet in the aucceea of the Cuban, hut now when a war Is In oroarreea in Houth Afrl- a, which must result tn the extrntlon of the rnunsrchial Idea or In the triumph of a republic, th advocate of imperial). m In this country dare not aay a word la behalf of tho Boer ffympthy for th II er doe not arte from aay unfriend line toward England, th American pert pie are not unfriendly toward the people of any nutlon Thl aympathy I one to ih fact that, as stated In our platform, we believe In the principle of elf-government and reject, ao did our forefather, the i Li 1 ma of monarchy If this nation surrenders Its belief In th universal ap pltratlon uf the principle set forth in the deciarstlon of Independence. It will toe the prestige and Influence which It has enjoyed anvonoT the nations as an ex ponent of popular government Our npponente, cow set ou of the weak ne of their cause, week to mnfuer im perialism with expansion, and have even dared tn claim Jefferaon as a supporter nf their policy Jefferson spoke so freely and used language wtth aurh nreclalnn that no one can he Itmorant nf hia views. On one occasion he declared "If there be one principle more deeply rooted than anr other In the mind of everv American, It u that we ahould have nothing to do with conquest " And again he said ""on quest Is not In our principle: tt ta In consistent with our government " laht Kind of Kapawalaa. The forcible annexation of territory to be governed by arbitrary power differs as much from the acquisition of territory to be built up into state aa s monarchy dif fer I com a democracy The demo rath party doe not oppose expsnskm. when exparr-lon enlarges th are Of the repub lic and Incorporatea laad which can be setiied by American dtiasns. or adua tn our population people wha are willing to hef-ome rltlaena and are capable nf die- barging their duties a such The srqul slllon of the Louisiana territory. Florida. Texas and other tracts which have beer, ad from tin tn time, enlarged the republic, and the constitution followed th ting Into the new territory It Is now pro poaoi to arise upon dtatsnt territory al ready more tie natty populated than our own country, and to force upon the people a government, for which titer- is no war rant In our constitution or our laws Been the argument that thl earth belong to those who deolre to cultlvste It and have the physical power to acquire It cannot be Invoked to Justify th appropriation of the Philippine Islands by th t'nited 81st. If the Inlands were unfnhsblted Amnia cltlsens would not be willing to go there snd till the soil The white race will not live to rear the equator Cither nations have tried to rolonJs In the same latitude. The Netherlands have controlled Java tor yn years, and yet to-day titer srr less than lered 03.0BT people of European nirtn scat irreo among avuso.iwi native niter century and a half of Rngllsh domination IH I not, I man nnri.finwwi m nn per cent nf the people of India ar of Mkjb llsh hlrth. and It require n srmy of Tt.MB Hritish Boldlers to take care of the tax Mint-tor Hpain ha asserted title to the Philippine island for three centuries and yet, when our fleet entered Manila hoy, there were less than hM Hpanlarda re siding In the imiltpplnea A colonial policy means that we shall wend to the Philippines a few traders, a few taskmaatera and a few office holders md an army large enough to support iff tu thortiy or a smell traction of the pggfiM white they rule the native Iwereaee la Megalnr Arsay. It we have an imperial policy wo must have a large a tend tna army aa Its natural and neceaaary complement Th spirit which will Justify the forcible annexation of the Philippine laland will justify the selxure of other Islands and the domlna tlon of other people, and with waih of con quest we can expect a certain. If pot rapid, growth of our military aOMaWaasent That a large permaaent fncraooe ta our rear iita r arsav t Intended hy the repub llcan leader ts not a mere matter of con lecture, but a mailer or fart la Ml. a wute of December t. ISM. the pr..i.n.n a.ket tor authority m lnrr. th. aum) ina armr ta r.SSS. lr. im the armr aaa if imii Wlihln taro yran I" n ' 1 1 r "raplCjTarliC (aaoMaMMaStrT ib. Hi.nni.h iroaty ha4 haan abrnad ana no rounirr aa at war with the t'niteil Mmu. If . uch an army la AeflMuaSad when an Imperial patter it conleniFUird but noi openly avowed what may be aa period If the people afKouraa the rapuhtk an party by mdoratns It. policy at th. polls! A larae .tandtoc army la not only a pe cuniary burden to the people and. tt arcom anted by roaapolaery aartfloa. a coMiant aUlaa Irriiatloo. but It ! ever a menacr to a repubttean farm of coeeraaaaat. The army la the pereorilBcalion af force, aatl mllliuiiam wllVlnevlUblr cbauca the Kaala of lh people and turn the ituraaht. of oar nmm men from the arts of faasoa ta the science of war The govsrnSMiit which relies for Its defense upon Its citlaen- is more likely to be Just than ems which haa likely lo be lust than aa wmek has I a Hrga bady af arstfaaataml sol A small standing army and a well ed and wall dhx ipilned mt. mllllla m. ient In ordinary limes, and In an at call a Liraa boar or proiraaaliiuai dtrra A .mail standing . oulj.t'i'd nr. sufficient In ordinary emergency the natwm should to lira tului as In the past piao Itsdepenoencr upon the . olunteera who com from all orrtrpatloaa at tbatr rountry a call and return u pro ductive labor when their service, are no saagcr required a who fight whan Its. country naeds Safbtara and arorh whan the country ne,;da worker. atatwe or th Snitsdln. Th rspubUcan platform aaaMWSS that (ha Philippine lalands will ba rwtalaad, ua der American aovweatrnty. aad am have a rtoht to 4-rnar.d af tba rapuhitagg astut arg g giaohsaoaaah aw ma fgfafgfg aagfiig eg the nil at no la he to ho a eltlsew m a sublet tr Are wo ta bring into the bady aolhlr IMM or 1MMM Asiatics, so different from us In race and history that amalgamation la Impossible? Are they to share wtth us In making the laws and shaping th destiny of thJ nation No republican of prominence has been bold enough to advocate such a prop sol ilea. to ad v urate ouch a prooaalllaa. Knery reeoluUea. adopted by th ' tmKAdlately after the ratification treaty, capreaalr neaatlvea thta TM aft I MtkM of tbe Idea. The democratic platform dtacr'be the situation when It aays that the Fili pinos cannot be citlaen without endan gering our elrtltaatlon Who wtll nltaato it Ard what It th aJtaraaUvoT If the Ftuptno is not to ho a cltlawn. shall ws make him a subject T On that question the democratif platform paks with ctn phate lr declares that the Ptllptao caa rtot he a subject without endangering our form of government. A rspuhac can have no subjects A subject It possible only In a government resting upon force; no It unknown In a government deriving Its just powers from th consent of th governed Tho republican plotter M sayo thai "the largest measure of self-govern ment rnnalftent with their welfare and our duties shall be aecured to them aha Filipino) by law." Thl la a strange doc trlne for a government which owes Us very existence to tho men who offered their lives a a protest against govern -ment without consent aad taxation with out eeprwwrntatlon In what reaper t doee the position of th republican party differ from th poitmn taken try Ins Kngtlsh gcvernaaent tn 1?M? Did not th feVigltsh gaaomment promlee a good government tc the colonists I w net king ever ied a bad government to hia ate? Did not the English raenl promise that thr ooinelala ahould have the Urgent measure of self-government consistent with their welfare and Kngllsh duties ? DM not th ApenLsb gov ernment promise to giro to the Cukasie the lerweat meuaure of self govern m rt consistent with their welfare and Spanish dutlei The whole difference between a monarchy aad a republic may he gMgMhM tin In on aentenr In a monarchy the king gtves to the people what he believes to he a good government, tn a republic th people secure for th-msetvrs what they believe to be a good government The republican party has accented the Ku fipean Idea and planted Itself upon the ground taken by tieorge It!, and hy every ruler who distrust the capacity of the people for elt-g"vernment or denies thm a voice in their own affair. The Preslde-af. Will th Only Lav. Tba republican platform promises that some gaeasure ttt self government Is ta he given to the Filipino by law. but, even this pledge I not fulfilled Nearly It month elapeed after tbe ratification uf the treaty before the adjournment of congreee Ust June, and yet no law waa passed deal ing with the Philippine situation The will of the nreeldent aaa been the only law In the Philippine island wherever the American authority extend. Why does tbe republican party healtate lo leglaUte upon tn Philippine question? Because a law would dtscioee the radical departure from history and precedent coa temple led by tho who control the republican party The storm of prottat which greeted the I'orto Rlcan bill waa an lndiraiionf what may he expected when the American per. tior, upon this subject If th Porto Ricau. who welcome annexation, are to be de ..i.et tha ..roitaaa nf nsie er.n.t 1 1 I Ino w . kaa i. V tfca. Uf aJ Ik. VIIK.(H. aaaSaak reaisted our authority? If secret toff rji. es could compel a dlsreaard nf OUf plain duty toward friendly people, living near our shore, whst treatment will those aame Influence provide for unfriendly people T 'On miles away? If, In tats country where the people have the fight to vote, repub licaa leaders dare not take the aids of the pie agalnet tne great monnpoiteo wrucn wn lip wuniii i ov saai lew ettre. &3g nti hv b truateo to protect the Killplno from the corporations which ar waiting to xplott ihe island: Is th sunlight nf full cltlaenshlp to be enjoyed by Ihe people of the t'nited tUatoo, -nd th twilight of seml cltlaeaohlp en dured by the people of Porto Rleo. while the thick darkness of perpetual vaeaalage (overs the Philippine " The Porto Rico tsrlff Isw aasert the doctrine (hat th liberation of the constitution la confined tn ta It states. The demo rath- party dls putee this doctrine and denounce It as repugnant to both the letter and aplrtt of our organ! law. There la no place In our ays tern of government for (he dag gait of arbitrary and Irresponsible power. That th. leader of a great party should claim for any preaoi. m oi ongre the right to treat millions of people a mere "possea tons" and deal with them unrestrained the ci nsttititlon or the bill of right luive olreany departed from the anc nt lamlmarks, snd Indlcatea what no expected If this nation de llberatfly enter ufon a career of empire The territorial form of government Is tem porary nd preparatory, and the chief m i ll rity a citlaen of n territory b Is found In the fact that he enjoy the asm con stitutional guarantees and Is taajeet to the same general laws aa a cltkten of a stale Take away thl security and hi right will be violated and hi Interest sacrificed at thr demand of (hose arhrryiave political Influence Thl Is (he evil of (he colonial system r.n matter by what nation It la applied title to the Phlllpplaea. What ta our title lo the Philippine la land Do we hold them by treaty or by coriqueai f In, I we buy them or did w take them lrtd we purchase the peo ple If not. bow did ws eeeurw title to (hem Wore (hey thrown In with the land? Will the repub llcan aay that Inanimate earth haa value and when that carta ta molded by h Divine hand and atnmpcd with th like nee of the ( 're I or It become a fixture and paae-i with th anil? If governments derive their Just powers (mm the con sent of the grrverned. It la Impossible to eure title to raroole. either by force or by purchase. We could extinguish ft pa In title by treaty, but If we hold title w must hold it by aorne method consistent with our Ideas of government When we made allien of the Filipino and armed them to fight against Hpain we disputed Hpain a title If w boy 9faln's title w are not innocent purchaser But even if we had not disputed Spain' title, she could irnfr ten greater tide than she had. snd her title woo hosed on fore alone We cannot defend inch a title, hut. a Hoain gave ua a quit claim deed, we can honorably (urn the pronerty over to the party in possession, whether any American official gave the Filipino for mal aaauraure of lndpendnc- Is not material There can be no doubt that we at,-.-t.f .1 i n,l tillllaaul tia. aurvl)aai of hr Filipino, and that when we did ao w had full knowledge that they were fbyhttng for their own irtdapendenr. and I submit that history furnish no example of turpitude baser than ours If ore now sub stitute our yoke for th Hpanlsh yoke. Ut a consider briefly the raaaoas which have been given In support of an Imperialistic poller Home aay that ll la our duty to hold the fhtrlpplne island Put duty Is not an argument . It I a con riuelon To ascertain what our duty Is. In any emergency, we must apply wtl--tOed agd generally accepted principle It Is our duty to avedd stealing no matter whether the thing to he etoler. Is of gre-.t or ktttl value It la our duty to avoid kltlhM a human being, no matter where the human being Uvea or to what race or elate he belong, everyone recognise (he obligation imi-oaed upon Individual to ohworve both the human and moral law, hut. as some deny the application of those laws to nation, it mav not ha out of place to quote (he opinion of other. Jef ferson than whom there lx no higher .... , . .. .ij, - 2 eseMtaaaaaJajf mr aaMTW llvrl Franklin. whoM- iearnlnc. wladom and virtue are a part nt the arlualaaa leyaey liequeatheft to ua from the revolutionary days, eapreaaed the aame Idea In .van Mrnnajer liiniiae when be aaM "iuattoe la aa atrlrtly due batwaaa nattnbor natlona aa between neighbor iltlacri. A htahwaymaa la aa much a robber whan he plunder tn a sane aa whan alngiv; and the nation thnt masee an nnjuat war la only a treat sane " Pree t'renle. a Hlfat. Mci. inaj ure I" do In ciowda wtil lhy would noi dare lo do aa individuals, hut . 3 . ... .... l I character of an art ta not e by th number of thoa. who Join l In tl n defend a right, but force hs. never vet create,! a s ngni if H true, as declared m me resuimHme oi in Uryaptlon. that the Cubans "are and of right oua-ht to be free and lndaaend.nl (lanauaac taken from the declaration af Independence. It I. equally trua that Ihe Killpnwa "are and of right ought to"ne free and lndepend.ni ' The rlghi nf the i iban to freedom was not based uf.fi their l-nvi Imiit lo ihe I'nlted mate, nor upon the In am which ih, v rooke. nor vet unon the rote or raros to nhich they belonged r.t e.-licsllv nnanlnsoo. -me declared that the 1 1 laagalas siiaacUled at t'hlladvtphia ta in war anil a live and applicable tu the Cubtilc. ho will draw a line batwaaa tbe natural tight, of tba Cuban and the riltaiaoeT Who wiu aay in si toe tormer naa a ran to liberty and that the latter has no rtgnh which we are botrno 10 respect Asm. irtae Ptlltuiios "ar and of rtght ought 10 be free and mat 10 fore our out tbetr rtmsauO ascwrtatauas, IM mined, and .has leeaaawad. It la a tbene rtsrhta aa it lu r.anoct th rlghu of the or Use duty or gJigiano u raat elefats of the American colontata. never conflict. dalUa never claah u Im. our dutv to uaurn BoPUcau which swlassf to other? Can H a oar aim tnnae warn, itstwrwisx ' oar toratathara. love tfbert, dsaaarlaad the ,mrw ai.Mil. wnat rant nave we aaeerniiiewl upon them with- aMi are owr dot can be l table a. aat ba eVttor tbelr rknuia are one -mwch aa Sau ta r.snsrt waa the dart at amain aeawle af Cwba. aact the rta-hla ie a aotdler who. in the mMt o: battle, discovered that he hod slain hi brother It It written. "AM ye are bn i h ret." It us hope for the coming oi h day when human Ufe-- which, when onre dootroyed. cannoi be reatorrdwtlt be so eacred that It will never be taken when ne erv to punish t crime already commuted. to he cnmmi M ' world Ma committed, or to prevent a crime shout committed that wc have n.inird h fore ocdtgstaOOal which make it nces- ry for us tn permanent; m-iintnin governmn.t In Ihe Philippine l.lands. I reply, first, that th hlahest oMicailou of this notion Is to be true to Itself No ohii gatlon tn any partlculnr nation, or to all nations combined, can require Ihe ebandon roent of our theory of government and the substitution of doctrine against whli n our whole national llf. has been a peSotet 1 And second, thtt our oVllgutioriM en th FlMpMaxs. who Inhabit ihe It U tola, arn greater than snv obllgatbmN which g owe to foreigners who have a temporary reaiilence In the Philippine or deeirr ti. trad there Capaelty mi aelt-i.ovrrameai. U la argued by eosac that the I iiipmo. are Incapable ol Mgf jtllllllWIIial that therefore we owe it lo the world to take control of them Admiral lewe official report to the navy eepertgat at i c la red th Fllloino more cupahle of elf government than the Cuban, and aald thet he based his opln'on upon a an wi Sdg of both racen Rut I will not r. t th cae upon the relative advancement oi me riupinoa tienry nay. in defend me the -int." t tne iieopie of H.uth MatMMMt, said: ne of Ihrtfnea that man govern himaelf Their hi I ft Irwiiiai'ltL in . f. . America to sell "It la the doct Is too lattorant partisan aert ene to all ballon. If they caunot com mand universal aent to th pro-oalton. It I then remanded M particular nations, and our pride and our prevumntlnn too often make convert of ua I aad mat It la to arraign the Providence Himself, to oj haa created being In. a pa tng ihemselve. and to be t kings, gtelf -government in goenirarnt of man " 1 1 SIMM tlon of hat He govern -d on hv natural r ias waa light Then deKrre af proflcteue riencv tn the art of elt-govern-ut tt is a reflection upon the Crea- h., tor to aay that He denied fn any iopl the capacity of clf -gov ernment i inee admit that some people are no pa hit of elf-government, and that other are not. and that the capable people have right to setae upon and govern the inca(ah,e, and you make fort- brut force t--foundation of government and Invite the reign of the despot. 1 am not will lag to believe that an all-wle and an 11-loving (rod created the Filipinos, and then left them thousands of year helpless until the laland attracted the attention of Kuropean nation. Republhans ash "Phall we haul dnwa the flag that float over our dead in Ihe Philippines?" The mv question mlxhl hv been akd when ihe Amerli an flag floated over Chopultepec and waved to er ihe dead who fell there, hut the tourtat who vlalt the City of Mexico nnd there a national cemetery owned hv th. United I tat e and cared for by an American rttlaen Our Aaa still float over our dead but when the treaty with M was .Ig'ted American authority withdraw to Ihe Klo tlrande. and I venture th- opinion that 'luring the aJM M y-aaj ( eeople f MMM have mad I mor. pro thi tgreso. UlldeT the ftlniOlUM Of 1nIepeme tl Ml f - M V em men t that IheV WOuM li.1V In place by bavofx-te The Cnltii Htntea and Mexico, friendly republic, are earh stronaer and happier than they would have been had Ihe former been cursed snd i the latter crushed bv an imperialistic pnl- try, disguised as "benevolent iia.lmlU : tlon " Mespanalklllty of ike .aflfn. "Can we not govern coboil'i w -ii-' aaked The queBtlon la not what we can ' do, but what we ought to do This nation 1 can do whatever It desire to do. but It ' muat accept reaponslblllty for what it go I If the constitution atands tn th way, the people ran amend the constitution 1 f peat, the nation can do whatever it deaire. I to do. but tt cannot avoid the natural and , legitimate reeull of lie own conduct Tin . young man upon reaehlng hi. mnjority can no what hepleaee He un disregard i the tearhlng of his purer. i. h- can trnm- pie upon all that he has been tuught lo consider sacred, he can disobey the lawn . of the slate, th' laws of society and lh laws of God He can stamp failur. apon i his life and make his wry existence g urw j to hM fellow men. and he can bring til i father and mother tn sorrow to the grave. bet he cannot annul the sentence : "Th 1 wage of ir ileal k And ao with till nation It ta nf age, snd It can do what It please, it can spurn the tradition of tbe paat it t an repudiate tin prim ipi a oni which the nation rest, li can cmplm fort instead of reaaon. It can aubeiitute might for rlghi It can conquer weaker people, It con exploit their lands, tpfajisgii lit tM ll property and kill their people, hat it i anrmt repeal the moral law or escap. ihe punish ment decreed foi the violation of hum n right "Would we tread In Ihr path or tyranny Nor reckon the tyrant's rosf Who taketh another's llberi). Hi freedom I also lost. Would we win aa the trnng have eerr won. Make ready to pay the debt. For (he Qod who reigned over I Ut by Inn I (h God a no la reigning y e(. " Home argue that American rttjo In the Philippine Islands will result In the belter education of the Filipino ate not deceived- If we expect lo maintain a cotun lal policy we ehai: not llnd tl to our ad vabfsvgaa to educate the proptr. The edg rated Filipino are now In revolt Mgalnst ut. and the rrvoet Ignorant nn have miide the leaat rettance to our domination If we are to govern them without their ran ent ami give them no vob in deierrnlnlnt: the taxes which (hey mus( pay. we dar- Del educate them, teat they learn to read the declaration of Independence and th con stitution of lh rolled Htntr and mock a for our Im onslatenry. The principal argument, however, ad vanced by thoe who enter upon a driense nf Imperialism are First. That we must Improve thi present opportunity to become a world power snd enter into niernattonal pollih necond. That our ommrnial Ind reels In Ihe 1'hlitpplnr laland and In lh ortenl make it nerfaenry for us to hold the i lands permanently Third. That the spread of the christian religion will be fudiitnted by a colonial paltry Fourth, That there h no hoiminbi. tree! from the powltton which the nation ; has taken Tree Mai araTavaaaat la artdrnl to th nation's pride and thr second to tke na tion a imcketbook Th third la Intended for the church member and (he fourth lor the partisan Oraevth tf a Prlarlple. It Is a sufficient gnawer to the flrsl argu ment to aay that for more than a century thl nation haa been a world power I h g ten decades It ha been the most potent Influence In tbe world. Noi only ha tt haen a world power, but It ha done more tn affect ihe pdttlc of tbe human race than all the other nation of the world ni.mhlat.t- Because our declaration of in dpTrlence was prcmulgsted. other have been promulgated Beiause the gatTMrts of tfffi fought for ilberlv fit her have fought for It. because ,.ur cinialMutlon waa adopted, other const it uimmin have beem adopted The growlh of (he princi ple of eelf-goverfimeni. idwtited on Amer ican aotl. haa been the overohadowlng p'l'iirm laci oi me mneircnin century 'aaa- saaans 'ilia oriiitrii ' unIMi UITUP , h,nr, ,rh ,h,r nM,mph, it na maoe mi net t ton ever rni'.ywi Nothlna haa beam ii! cherh Ihe nna.nl march of thla Iftc.t I am not willing that thl. nation snail anal aatde the omnipotent weapon nt truth lo aelae aaaln the weannn of physical war fare I would noi en hance ihe alnry of thla republic for the elory of nit lli. cm ran mat nave risen .i.d lallen stn.-r llmr an rerautnent 'tnurnan of th- last re publican national convention preaantad tbr pecuniary argument In all Its bold neaa. chn he aald We mnke no hvpnrrltbol pretense, nf being Interested In Ike Pnllipplnce solely & ac-ount of oilier. While we regard (he welfare nf fkM. neawtle m m .....! the welfar of I haw. people no a nfirad truai. we regard tba welfare of the Amer ican people first We sec our dull lo our eetve aa wall aa tn others We bet leva In trade earaaansksa. Hy every leffltlmate aagfaga within the province of government and conalltutton. we mean to attmulate the expansion of our tmd- and open new maraata." Thla la thr commercial argument It ta baaed upon the theory that war can be rlahtly a aaail for pecuniar .idvan- te. and that It is pr'oll.-it.l.- b purcli trade by force and violence Cranklin de : nled both of these proposition When lirtt How. ins. in, ihe ana of par- I llamaal. which ; tm the revolution. iltl.m. Were asseaosary to prevent Arttwtiran tiade from pasatng into torcign ennnm I, rranalfn replied "To m It sht-cnis that net User the oft twining nor retaining of any trade, how valuable soever. I an onject for which ann may Juslly entll eaten other W" ti. that the true and sure saenns of eairnd tng and -eurina corunterce ar the gnmr neaa aad chaagw ot cwttaswooitls. and that the profits ttt no trade mtt ever be quel le the spna af oawuiilffng and taotdlna it hy fleets and armis. I f on atdyr ajg war tLgalnat na, therefore, ae hath unjust and on wise I oiaee tne nnuoeopay or prang im nte swrwra aocinne oi tnte- to ul a jsrice brim the ftf ol an sosavsr and iustlf y a war ai uunmt opon the ground that tt Will pay The dsnwterattc wirty 1 In favor of th' wgaawaw of traaws it would eitear! aat trade Ivy evwry legttiitiut and pegeefu. But war of conqueot It a unwise aa It to unrighteous. A harbor and coaling stall- 'i in the Philippine, would answer every trade and military necesilty aad such a concession could have been secured at any time without difficulty. It le not necessary to own people in or der to trade with them. We carry on trade to-day din every part of the world, and our commerce has expanded more rapidly than the commerce of any Kuro pctm empire We do not own Japan or China, bul we trade with their people W have not absorbed the republic of Cen trl and Pouth America, but w trade wllh them D ha not been nceary to have any political connection with Can ada or tne nations of Kuroite In order to trade wllh them Trade cannot he per manently profitable unices II I volun tary. When trade Is aecured by force, the coat of aeeurtng It and retaining It must be tuken out of the profits, and the proflta arc ifver largo enough to cover th ex pense Much a system would never be de fend 1 but for the fact that the cxpne li born- ! all Ihe people, while the prof its arc enjoyed by thr frw. KvIK af Imperialism. Imprttaiiaui would be prolttable to the army contractors, It would he profitable in the ehtpowners. who would rsrry llvr soldlera to the Philippine and tiring dead would hrlna ex(endlture without return Farmers and laboring men have, ao rt rule, small Income, and. under system whi h piLe the tax upon alt onaumptlon. pa v more than their fair har of the eg Hits of government. Thu. the very peo ple who receive least benefit from Im- 1 pirt.ilism v. ill Ik- Injured moat by thr- mu lt try burden which accompany It In addition to the i vlla which he and the ' iw-T nhare In common, the laboring man will he ihe first to suffer If oriental luhje ta ifk work In the I tilted Htstea, the flrat lo Buffer If American capital lesvea our nhor. t employ i rtental labor In the I'liltlPPliiea to auonlv the U air ol bin Igi JafHin. the flrat to auftvr from the violrn e which Ihe military plrll arouai s. and the flrsl to uffer when the method j of lmpertalim are applied to our own gov ernment ll la not atrnnge, therefoie. that Ihe talor ; orgatiiXrttloiia have beett quick to note the t0poca of ihe danger and prompt to prwltpt Ngiln.l both mlllt trl.m and im pertallsm The pei unlary argument, though mre i i ffective with certtifi ctasftea, la not lite ly j to be uaed so often or prersented with so . mui h emphasis as the religious argument If what has been termed the "gunpowder , gospel' were urged against the Filipino only, tt would be a sufficient answer taaay that a majority of the Filipino- sre now maanher of one brsm-h of ihe christian ' ' but the principle involved la on idler application una rnsiietigen rlo The religious argumriit gfteg in pjyitva neaa from a passive belief that I'rovlUence tellverrd the Klllplro Into our hands, for j their gorMl and our glory, to the exultation j of the miniMer who said thnt we ought to 'ihrar.h th- natives 4SHtitnoftj until they urideratuiid who we are." and that "every in.it. t aent every cannon shot and every flag nnv.d means rlghteousmsa." tiaiiiaa i.ip. Ue ranm.t approve of this doctrine In one place unlesa we are willing to apply n everywhere If there Is poieon In Ihe ! blotd of the hand It will tiitirnatily reach i the brart It I erftially true thai forcible j ( 'hrisiianit y, tf planted uml r the Am ricat ' dag tn ttx lar-away nrleeat. mil sooner or later be transplanted upon Amertcnn soli. ! If (rue Christianity consist in carrying; out In our dally llvea the leaching of hrlt who will aay that wr are command- I ad to etvUIgg with dynamite and proaelyie I with th gword? He who would declare thr IMln will must prove his authority either hi l .l Writ or by evldrnce of a sperl il d(.H nsatlon The cotnmai.d. Oe ye into all thi world and preach th f loapel j to v v rvature," has no tlsdlng gun al- I t.u hrneni W h n Jeu visited a village of I Km marl.t nntl tfn p tple refused to tractive Him pome of the disciples suggested that I fire ahould tte called down from Heaven ' to aveng (he Insult . but the Master n buketi them, snd said . "Y anow not whst j manner of spirit ye are of; for the Hon of atnn I not mm to destroy men . li. - -but to eave theai Suppose lie had said "We will thrash lhm until they under stanil who w are." how different would ; have been the history of Christianity Compare, it you will inc swaggering, bul bing, lirtital ibhctrlne of imperialism with 1 la QoMeg Uule nnd the omaiandment. "Tbou shall love thy neighbor as thy self " IdOrsw, not force, was the weapon of the Ntiaurrne; aariikice for others, not the sn ploltatloa of them was HI method of reaching the human heart A mllonary reeetalfi iu m- that the stars and atrlpe MM wid his life because his assailant i ' -.go tied our flag a a flag that had n IiI.hmI upon It Let It be hnnwn that our tm-4ionarlr are seeking souls Instead of I taoverelgnty ; let It he known that i- j o ). ing the advance guard of conquering urnili they are going forth to help and to unlin. having their loins girt about with truth ami thrlr feet shod with (h prepara tion nf the tlo. pel of Peace, wearing the I breastplate of right etmsiieaa and carrying the aword of theHplrlt. let It be known (hat 1 they ar (he cKlsen of a nation whb h reanecis Ihe rlaht of ibe t iiiaen of other ; mitbms as car-fully as It protect a the rights of ti. own HI lien, ami (he welromr given to our mlealmtr1es will be more cordial (hnn the welcome extendi d to the mlsslon rUs of any nthcr r.aticn Th. .-irgument. m.td h, t-umc. (hat tt wa unfortunate fur the nation that tt j hud nr.vthlng in do with the Philippine i Inland, bul that Ihe naval victory at Ma- I nlfa goad the permanent iulsltlnn of ! tlon- (elands necesaary, I slso unabund. Wt on rt vlftorv al Hani Is gu but that i dbl not compel us to hold Cuba Theahcd MM of American bliod In Ihe I'hillpplnr ( Islaiit doea not make it Imperative that i c ahould Vet In posrnn forever , Amrr-h-an hbod wa shed a( Han Juan hill and K fancy, and yet the president hs prom mad tht Cuban Independence The fact (hat ihe American flag floats over Manila doe not compel us to rgerclae perpetual i overrgnt over the lalands, (hat flag wave over Havana to-day. but Ihe pre i i ' tin lirnmiacd to haul it down -h.-i the flag- of the t'ubtn republic 1 ready to rise in i place Better a thousand times that our flag In 'he orient give way to a flg representing the idea of self-govern rnrnl than that (hr flag of this republic .hould become ihe flag of an empire Aa Honorable halation. Then I an eaay, honeat. honorable solu tion of ihe Itilllpplnc '.uestion. It I set i forth In the democratic platform and It Is i a.ibmtttfd wllh coruidenct tn ihe Amrl can people Thl nlan ! unreservedly In d rw If elected, laball convene congress In egtraordlnary eaton aa oon aa I am inaugurated, and recommend an Imme diate diil.ir.inon of the nation's purpnee. flrat. to ratablUh a stable form or gov ernment in the Philippine Islands juat tt we are now establishing a .table form of government In the laland of Cuba, aev ond. to give Independence to the Filipinos. Just as wa have promised to give inde pendenc to th Cubans, third, to protect the Filipino from outslds Interference while they n-urk out their dealtny, jul aa w have protected the republic of Central ami South America, and are b the Monroe doctrine, pledged to gfwfhol Cuba- An Kuropean pruteetorata often reeulu in the exploitation af the ward by th guardian An American protertorat gtvc lo thr nation protected the advan tatfw of our strength without making It the victim of our greed For three quar tr of a century the Mmroe doctrine ho (seen a onieia to !ieighhoririT republics iiim yet n na. impoa-n iu De. uniarv bur iien uron u Alter tne rtiipino bad aid cd u In the war against Spain, we could mo nonorauiy turn mem over ia their former masters, w could not leave thnm to he the victim of th ambition d atgti or th Kuropean naflon. and since we do not deslrv lo make (hem t part of us, or ta hold them as subjects we pro poee :he only ..if r native namely, ta gv them Independence and guard (F.rm against molvetaiion from without. when our oooonoata ar tgnahai to de fend their position b) argument thrv fall ' back unon thai assertion thai It t destiny. a not inii mat we mum sunmit to it. no matter how much It violate moral pre cepts and our principle of government. TMa la a complacent philosophy, tt ob literate, the distinction between right and wrong and make individuals and nattoua the belplcsa victims of rtrcumstanre iVMtlny la th subterfug-c of tn in vertebrate, who. lacking lh courage to oppuc error, -- aome pUuall.i. S lor suppurtlnc It. Washlngtun said that (he dealtny of tin republican form of gv- rnrnent was deeply. If not dually, ataked on the experiment lntrutetl to (he Atner Icaii pextple How different Waehingion s ! flnillnn of destiny from the re publican .M-m The reputMirans aay mat this nation ht In th hand of destiny; Waah- tajgtaei believed that not only th deatiny ui our own iwoso, ran lac ki Uny oi the rrpub.it an form of government it through out the work! was Intrusted to AiMrlfMi H Md Washington p ngin The aiomllriV Of tmVml aaaaanaemlU. . In Km hmtarts. nf Ita own prop lr. upon the uo.'.e of the expertatrm here real the hope of asrtMW Hy. No axrior force can diturb thi republic, ami no ftireigu Induenoe shuvld ,j. ; it.lll.-d to change Us (t.urae. VYh.il che luture ha la store for tht naUon ne one has authority to declare, but eaob m divldus.1 ho ht own Idea of the nation's m.a.ton and he owvag It ta ht country as we I. a to himaelf lo Qontrtfctttr ft bat he may to the JuloJlmcnt of tnU mlwkva Mr. i'haii-maa. and smJemen of the Committee; I can never folly discharge ths deht of gratUuis w hich 1 to my eoun for the honors wi Ihey have o , get.eruusir toestovrtd nmm mt Vvl sir, 1 wheuytt U he Bay m W WW tM hLgh for which the etmvt-n'ion has lumffl me. or to ypend the remniiidrr of my daya In private Ufa, it shall Ihj my constant am biiion and my controlling purpose to io in realising the high Meals of thoee whose wisdom and rourage and aacrlflceB la tight this republic Into exlateao. 1 can conceive of a national deatiny sur paslng th glorlea of th present and tho past a dittlay which meets tbe r hlllllt o! to-dav ami mrgaurii up to the taosstbltltles the future Kehoid a repub lic, resting securely upon the foundation atone quarried by revolutionary patriot from th mountain of eternal truth n. re public applying In practice and proclaim ing to th world the elf evident proposi tion, that all men are ctrated equal . that they are endowed with in alienable righto; that go-, i rumen ts are instituted anwng men to secure these right, that govern ment derive their Just powers from the consent or thegovrriird liehold a rr public lu which civil snd reliwi -u liberty stimu late all lo earnest endeavor and in whkb the low restrain every hand uplifted for a neighbor s Injury - a r public m e-hlch every citlaen Is a sovereign, but In which no una care to wear a crown DeboW a 'epuhllc standing trod while miplres all around are bowed beneath the weight of their own arm-tment a republic whoa na I loved while other flags are only feareU Behold a republic Increasing In tlon ami hastening the ming of a unl cvrvul brotherhood a republic which shake throne arfl dissolve aristocracies by lie silent example ana glvea light and tnsptratlon to those wh - t' In dsrkneee. lb-hold a repuhllt graduaUl bat -urely teecomlng the Bupremt moral factor In th world progre and the accepted arbiter of the world s disputes - a republic whose history. Uks the path of the Just, "is aa th Bhlnlng light that shlneth mora and Into the perfect day GIVES FULL ASSENT. Adlal K. steeaaoa Sneak w the la- ladlaaagalla. In his ffwerh of acceptance Hon Adlal I; Htrvrnaon said. In (tart: 1 am proioundlv grnieful for (he honor conferred upon me b my aelecllon fly the national th. m-KTatlc . .intention as Ita can didate for the hlgholTiii "f vice president of thr i'nlted Hlalt For the compll mrnlnry manner in which such action naa been ofli- tally made known to me I express to yov. air Cbahmau.-vndtoyourb-nored aasiuiatei uf th cummlltrr, my slnrer thanks iHctdy Impressed with a sense of Oi re Novemlarr, It will I my earnest mdenvor to discharge with fidelity the duties of the gymftaihy far aialer Rahllea. Clearly and uneiiulvocallv the democratic convention has expressed Its sympathy with the burgher of the Houth AfreVn re public in their herulc attempt to main tain free government In this lh conven tion net only voiced the sentiments of American democrat, bul of llherty-lnvlng asen everywhere War Tase mad Ksgvadllares. The lavish appropriations, by the present republican i .ingress, should cnallengs ths attention of all thnugh(ful men llubsldy bill and all unnecessary tase ar con demn nl ly our platform Th acrumula tlon of surplus revem Is too often the pretext for waateful appropriations of the public money. The millions nf surplus now at umulntlng in the treasury should re main In the pockela of the people To thta end the democratic party demand's a re du tlon of war taxe to the actual needs of the government, and a return to the nolle) of strict economy In all govern mental rxpendlturen. Umi ta I wrh wtnaopollea. In apt words the lMngtey tariff law I coudemn-d. ll la tersely chsrsi lerlxed eg legislation skillfully ds vised In the Intereet nf i tie, and lo impo.e upon th many burdens which Ihey irtould not bear Ad hering ba the time-honored doctrine of (he democratic party. w- oppose all tariff legis lation, the neceeaarv uneiurnce of which Is at the expvnse of Ihr i on.umer. to secufw unjust advantage to the f.vored few Kx-p- nrti. ha demonstrated that unjust tar iff law. havr deprived the government of nreded revenue, aecured tn favored bene fit tan- roloeaai fortune, and largely In creased to the people the coat of Ihe iiecee iie of life The baleful but logical reault of the tariff law condemned by our plat form I seen In th- sudden gmw(h of giant moiiopolte. combinations In restrain! nf lawful trade and "trusts" more threaten lug (han foreign foe to th existence of popular guverrinwnt l.ahwr. ivm.Ioo. aad Hlmelllm. ur platform favors the creation of a department of labor, who chief officer shall take rank with other constitutional sdvler of the preidnt This ts In the Intere.t of justice and will prove an im portant step looking to the proper r-eog-nltloi an'l c ncouragment of the producer nf wealth )n explicit term It favor liberal penHon to our aoldler and atlor nd tf those dependent upon Ihem With equal Justlrr It relleralea the demand of n former (lemoATittlf platform for bimetal lism; the restoration of silver to Its prop er fumilon in our monetary system For (he protection of th home laborer It de mands the enforcement of (he Chinee ex clusion ac( Fa. era hlcaragraea (anal. And In the Interest of an enlarged cotav rosrrr !t farrs (he imreedlate e.natroe tton of the Nlcaraguan canal This, how ever, wllh tht provision that It ahall re main furever under (he eniualve owner ship anil control of (he I'nKed State. The pending Hay auncefot treaty la condemned a a urrader of American right, nut to b tolerated by the Ameri can people. Thr I'aramoaat Isaac. A uueatlon 1 yet to he discussed, to which all of thcac are of econdry Im portance. It I solemnly declared by our pint form t o be Ihr paramount laaue. Quealions uf domestic policy, however Im portant, may he but uueatlnns of the hour that of Imperialism I for lime. In the presence of this stupendous Issue, other seem but ss the dust in the balance in no sense paltering with words. It Is the supreme question of republic or empire. The words of thr eminent republican sen ator. Mr Hoar, t halleng attention- "1 believe thai pcraeveranre In this policy will be (he abandonment nf the principle upon which our government Is founned; (hat it will change our government Into an empire, that our methods of legtala thm. of diplomacy, of administration muat hereafter be thos which belong to em pires, and not those which belong to re publh " W'e believe that liberty, as well as th onstnuti.m follows trie nr. Itrrno- ralfl. In common with many republicans, i th form Kb an law as a violation (he Parte Klcan law a a violation nf th constitution, snd n tiagranf breach of good fetitn towaro a arpenoent people Jeflersoalan Bxpaaalaa. The democratic party ha ever been the advocate of wise territorial egpanalon The pollry of aggressive rxnanelon- of subjugation of. distant lalands puraued by the pn itenl admlnlatrallon, finds no prece dent in the peaceable ccaslon of the teouiat aaa country hy Napoleon, that nt Florida hy Spain, tior thai vet later, of the vnat western area by Mexico Tnr territory ac quired under drmocra.h administrations waa. with favnrnhl climatic rnnnttlnns, the fit abode for men of our own race. At the lime of annexation it passed under the rule of the Anglo-Button, who carried witn him our langnrge and our taws It waa territory contiguous to our own. and ac quired wllh the declared Intention when conditions and population wnuld juatlfy nf carving It Into stales The result: Mil lions or American homes our national w-alth imreaaed beyond the dream nf avarice, and the I'nMed States chief among the nations nf the earth Can It be that the new trolley of forcible annexation of distant Islands rinds precedent In Ihe his toric -vents 1 have mentioned The aharfer I found In the bare atatmenl of facta. Monro Doctrine Kadarlttg. The Monroe doctrine Is wholesome and enduring. It Is tbe faith of Americans of every cn cl .md party- I of Ihe very warp and woof of our political being. It waa pmmulgaie.I ul the critical moment when the "holy alliance ' was attempting to stlA th reiiubllran apirlt and reeaiabliab th daapotiam "t Spain MM her icvolted col onies In Houth America and Mexico Tea eadenr of the doctrine as than imfwr stood by ths world was, while we fo'tfS the establtohment of despotic governments upon the American continent, ve recosrntsa thc correanonding obligation to rrein from at.y attempt to force our political system upon any part of th old world. t i Hi nam. As a ncenry corollary to iraperia Ham wtll come the iamwiw standi ng army. The dread hand of militarism wilt be fall In the new world as It Is In the old Ttyn sirring army of power wtt: be stibstlteiai for .he peeoeable agencies whb h (. which tor mori our r i - rnan a orniury nvr aaa n i tcntecl aad hal.i.i We stand ton years from the hour when the polltlrnl fircea wee. gathering whl were lo result In the election of the first .toroerallc itreaiclent The anniversary of the masterful day In our blatory wag ai cly rhnaew foe the aaaembllng In eon. venunn of the representatives of the his toric party Pose twtmter was JltfTet in and whose platform ts the drclarmttovt of indeuendance tn ths (treat straws now upon ua wa tnvaae the cocnerstloc of all who revera the memory of ortr father, and to whom I hi .leclarntlan ta not un meaning parchment but the enduring chart of our llberckta Usm the nuprer.ia bow in lb renrrraiit-aM lo the a that republko rer ere manl tat perpvtu.it- aaka.