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The Farmington times. [volume] (Farmington, Mo.) 1874-1902, August 23, 1900, SUPPLEMENT, Image 6

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... "u.j in inr mist mere., or in was clone in a recent interview of our
ppropri.uon. to which I hvr re- grrt leader, Mr. Ilryan Me M.:
ferred. but notably 1 hr multipll- "Where iMHl property I u,n ,
crs sou inr id- me invisible property escape the
treaee ofexleting nfhora i porssor of visible property are
At time when the people are pay- overtaxed in order to wake up Per tl.e
Ing extraordinary taxes i meet the evasion of those who ttoanra. in.i..hl
... who inc mi-, property llul rim whn nrmw.ri
tax la honestly collected upon all
"TBii of property, real aad peraonal.
it i not as fair a tax at an income
tax. Property may be lern -..r.n
unproductive. If a farmer pays taxea
on ins i.ml, the tax goe on. rini
though thr rrop may fall. If a money
I.. - i , ..... J - I money, mi
. .r V. "7 . Sir!1 T9 I rU, may fail, or there n.av I-
pinna, and other expenaea of our co
lonial dependencies, the recent re
publican congress moalered in more
than two full fngadea of new fa I
rel other holders, aad increased I lie
Mlarte of nearly a regiment of oth
er ofliriale now on th pay roll. That
ongree, only a few week dm.
approval of I'rraident MeKinley In
rreaaed the appropriation. Mill In
of Hpanlnh war expenaea, by HMM,'
4L4 ever the nniount appropriated
for the tast flarai year.
I hold in my hand an ofli. ial table,
rompnainir 5S printed pat- - h
Inir the detaila of (he sham. I .- s x loot
In of the national trraaury. Thin ex
hibit, among other things, show s ihat
the net Increase of new offices, spe
riflcally ereatnl y the last rrpuh
liean congress waa 2,2To. ml I J If
annual salaries amounting to HftV
nis.77. The exhibit also shows n net
Increase of $;.M 1.M7.M. sniionlly, to
nay the salaries of new nfll.crs out of
"lump" appropriatlona. Ii further
ahowa that tUMM.1l hn ban added
to the annual tax burdens to tn t
f he obligations iiiiHed by raising! he
salaries of 47 federal officials alrrs.ly
In timer.
In other worda, my fellow-ciilena,
the MeKinley administration has jut
appropriated irt to pay the
yearly expenaea of hen oflieea creat
ed and of aalarlea in. n aad.
Comment upon thla atupendoua
waate of public Money la unneeei-Mirv.
It would aeem that Ike lime had . MM
when the tcnptr must interpose to
protect our ravished ireaaury.
Mr. Chairman. I MM deaire to sub
rall s comparative latement of ex
ptaditnres. which iksa conclusively
establish the extra, iirnncc of the Mat
Kialey administration Thla exhibit
deals with expenditure nly.wbteh.af-
er all. la perhnpa (he bent tet,becau
all appropriatlona arc not expended
I aubmit a coniimrtnon of the luxl
three ycara of the ndinitilatraf ion of
l'residrnt (inelami with the first
three years of the mlminiatration of
rreaWent MeKinley Thi (latement
Includea every dollar .f governmental
expense with the exception of the ra
timaled expenaea im-rnucnt tiimn
the war with Spain ami with thr Fill
piuo. The total money actually expended
by the government f.,t Mir three tls. nl
years ending .lune M, l-'M, amounted
to $l.3IO,t.S.1.0 Hi. mtal MMM
turea for the Inat three flacal years
ending June 30. 1MB, were ll.aoi.;'..:.
ss.II. In other words, the first three
yesra of the administration of I'reai
dent MeKinley cot the tax payer
' " l" more ill money actually
expended than the last three yrara
of the adminlatruii..!. of l'residrnt
Cleveland. Thla m an ..liiect leaaon.
wkleh alinuld not fail l.i have an lin
prrasitc effect UfOU the people of the
country; for I rciterui. lb alnteinent
that thla atiieml..i:. i... reuse of ex-
pcndittires under tin. a.lniiniatrutioii
Is entirely exrlusii. .,f sr cxpen.li
turea. The plea nut) lie offered
that the incrriae Is due to the (Trow I h
of biialneas and the expansion of ter
ritory. Thia ilew is a mistaken one.
Iiecause these mltfl.M total do not
include a ainirle iiem ..f rtMitWI
default in Hie payment of the inter
est, while an income lax adjust, itself
to the condition of the tax payers
neinp inrirr when the itirome U liirjre.
ami small when the Income is small."
My ft llo-ritirrns. tjnie forlilds an
exlcided dlaruasioii of the p-eai quea
lion of tniata Their erll effects are
ai i oerywlnrr apparent. The Is
sue of competition afralnat eon.ol.da
tlou is one fraiuht uilh treuicndi.ua
rfficla iikiii tin- happiness and proa
la tity of thr great la-dy of Hie pev-
.r. litis .a an era of rfiiisolidaiion
nun roncentratn n. the result :n pari
of a striking rrvnlinion In our Indus
trial rirlliinhi.n due lo the discoveries
of the powers of steam and elect rlcily.
anil tln lr npplinilion lo murium rj . lo
(fctlier with unwise legislation. The
ateady tend of events under re
publican legislation la in the
dim-tiofi of powerful MMfMt It I"
nut iiossibie, neither fa ii feabaMc, lo
)uit n limit upon the inveniiti genius
of our people Invention hnv made It
WAk to bring comfoit and even
liiMiiirs to Ihc home, of tin humblest,
and if Hie l ulled St it. .. i. U i.el'.eent
legisi.-.tion. should hart... Hie might
loico oi this civilization f,,r tl.e hen.
t'l of nil the people, tl.iv uoiihl ir
but few monopolistic eloodi main tb
sky ol our dometlie Inline. Tl.e spirt
of inieiition has hntcrnl . r tl.e trim
mm wnlcrs of huni.ii. 1..11 unlll th
iiansformaiion is ih-- marvel of th.
. ie. Intention has wrcni-nt miph;ilv
and cnormoualy inrreas.il i naliirthin
in ctcry arena of enterprise. There
nn lircn rnlarprd Mod net Ion on tb
farina In the mine, in the uinnufac
mnea whtnrver there is a lalair, and
tl.cre should also I- . Ii. .1.. nine o
the r-iilpul and eons -ouent mrrcase of
consumption; thus im-rrnsiug tl.e ew
ploy 11 cut of Inlsir. Itv the aid of I
bor-satinp maclnnery 600 hands in lb
iiiiiniifnrturr ol agricultural Implr
isiB can now no ii, ttorf formerl
rsquirtag ;'.;'iai men. in ha manu
1. ii-i me ot IhoI anil slnas one hand
now doea the wi rk (01 merit requiring
i.ve nu n; 111 inr m 11111t.1ct1.rr of car
pets i n. man 11 u mm 1., ,-, ,,;!,. h a re
ault tthich in other days r-ipiired ten
10 twenty men; in SSsnnlag a like In
crciiM- i pristliiction is seen; and In
if..- ancM Indinrics of tnttoa am
WaaVM grxHls. iron, neel, r itted lum
Is r. paa-r. flrnr nn.l gnsl mills. II I
rsTimaiMi that .'.17,'uv rrsoM wi
the 1.1.1 1 if mud inert perform the la
ej. luunrni rcpiirini; . .. I j.o 1 1 per
When the Dlnglev tarill law
under consideration 1 offered aa
amendment placing truat-matto
. relucts and all article en
tering Into the manufactura
of such goods upon the fraej
list. The amendment was rejected in
the hou.c of rtprescutatlres by a vote
of 14 to rtf strict party voe. All
of thr silver republk-ana. populists
and democrat uppor)d the amend
ineiit, und every republic, rresat
llenn newspapers that If the enhanced
price of paper is due to a Taper
Trnat the trust Itaelt being the out
growth of tariff protection, aa they
adi.tit, then It follows that th aboli
lion of the tariff will dissolve the
trust I concede the corrwetnesa of
their logV and the justness of their
demand, but why limit It to remedial
legislation in one article of commerce
only? If free trade in the articles en
tering into thr composition of paper
connected with Ihc mlnnm-iroUon of
sir tv . I . Iliilgfe. .1 pn I. ctio-ilst of
until 111.I t. potation, ai d the author of
a recent plllilication entitled. "htr
t otmlry ; What it ,, . wn ,,
man. .1 what il i. i.v..r,.,te . .
M, 4. Is. i. nnionir other thintrs, says:
"I'.nl vt l.ili in MM years protection ii
I-- 1. rax 01 n Turin was , ( i,. tiirnoal
iiiim,i iniiee anil nssi. inn. , l..iiring
up our inaiiiiii.cluriu;: industries, It
' ' ...i. .111111 iicpcnileuctes.
1 11 lax. which Is now under the control
of our army, ditrinf: the last calendar
year paid into her own treasury $l.
.14,OI.VI7, Hal of this tsal aum llt.OHj..
M!.3S has l-rn chargv-d up l.y the
reprcaentatites of thla goi. inmrnl for
the coat of adminiatrnllon there. (If
courae this exhibit aa to Cult In
elude only the money which found
it way into the trraaury of that is
land. 1 do not know hw inm-h, if
any. was stolen in Irrtnalt. II appear .,
nowrter. thai our offlrlal there hat.'
humlllalcd Ihc re,.,i,r before the
world by the arkiiotviedged theft of
' "I1 thla date, whi , ,
Isren made good lo the Cubans by an
appropriation from 0111 own treasure
I hate not included the income nn.
expciiditiirea of cither Porto Kiro or
the Philippine islands. In the com
punsnn auiunllted. aa Itetween the
cot or thir. dniinislralioii uiul that
of lr f leveland. I Imtc. nk herclof..
talrd. not included expenditure on
account of our colonic. 1 hate limit
ed the comiuiriaon lo three tears, be
cause this administration has not yet
concluded u four-year period, but" at
the pteisjni rate of MMMHttuT the
four year term of Presidrnt McKin
ley will cost the ieope considerably
more than one hundred millions of
Hollars In exceaa of the cost of the
last administration of Prrsidcu'
Clevland. The extravagance of the
republican national administration i
fnrtber demonstrated by the per cap
ita expenditure, which was only atla
1W6, but in exceta of XI. is jn 1900.
How long the people will continue to
tolerate the exaction of the repub
lican treasury spoliator remains to
be area. Our people are long suffer
ing;. I true, but the time I not far
distant when a revolution In public
arntlmrat will retire to private life
all representatives, whatever mat- he
sue party name, who have wantonly
squandered the public m..nrr. and
thu proven faithless to their truM.
The demand for an income tax Is
not only Juat and righteous, but in
entire accord with the policy of tbla
Republic until the recent decision cf
the supreme court declaring It on
constitutionality. That decision re
versed the decision and precedents
of that august tribunal for a century,
and the country shares the apprehen
sion of Mr. Justice Brown,
republican judge, in his dissenting
opinion, wneii ne expressed the fear
that the decision ought in aome hour
of danger rise up to paralyse the arm
of the (Tovernmeat. The Income tat
fcaa heretofore been a powerful
agent ia sustaining the treasury
when threatened with depletion and
exhaustion. The tax upon Incomes
constituted a Urge part of the na
tional revenue during the civil atrlfe
and did much to keep our Rag la the
k during- thai unhappy period. The
recant war with Spain has empha
aixed the baneful effects of th deci
Mon of the supreme court. That war
called to mind the stern fact that
- tww (vnranirin r.aa the power
inut I, apparent to nert
"Tt 1111.-
icrw 11 mat prole. Una it; ,e f,ni ,,f
1111111 is const! ntly Isecoming of r
imiairtance if us." (onlluuirg. hi
says: ".Now. hntv is H, anil what is il
Hint ii. nlilcs in oieriilive lo-dnv U
produce so much more in n less nmn
her of hours limn he could Ihirtv 01
lorty years r (,-n? It is nmplv litvention
tin- intcnimi.s einl alied in 'he ini
protcti inachiiies. Us.ls, pr-icesscs and
iippiiituces that our inventors are con
naiitly fWiahlag to our rnaniif.ictur
era." Acain, he drrlares li st "this re
miirkiilde Inrrasc (iiuuitfnclureil
priMliicli) has beep largely. If nut
i.inlnlt dur to our intriitlons. rtiraa
mw4 nrd fosiind bt our ivptent sts-
'' onliiiuing further he says;"
The rot of jwwMllluB bus la.,. In
that wny (by lalair saving marhinert I
. inn lis. .-sly deer, nsc.l One man with
bx aid of niachiiiery can oft tin es do
the work uliiih it required len men lo
do wiil.ont inn.-hincrt. That has great
ly reduced the prices of such articles."
I could multiply quotations, bttt I
have in.dr a sufficient ncmhee to es
liiblish Ihat lalnr-aiting mnchln"rt
enormously iiiigumrnU produclion
while at the sxme time it should
chcoprn the output, increase the con
sumption, open up new fields for la
l3r anil give uddeil rmpltymcut lo In
bor. Dal for unwise Irgislxtior these
hnpiy results would be a certain n
the course of the seasons or the revo
lution i.f ihc Mith niwn its axis.
Monopolies nn- essculld to ihc or
ganization of (rusts; because Ihet can
not clt In (l.e presence of coiupeli
lion. It fi llotve. thcefore. logically
Ihat (rus(s arc the rich fruitage of
luuiiiqailirs. One of (he great orltrrv
on poliiicrl e-onomv aiuiiiimie-l ih
pres nl condition of our country in the
terse rl.ilcmrnt that. v h re c oup.
1.11011 ts not, monorrily I. Annthr
tv n 1 r tl rmlncnt nl ilily iltelnrrd wil
(he iirphasis if iiriauawerxhlr logic
rnai wnere con, lilu.it ion Is BoaMbl
comiietltion is imiHirsiblc. '
Mr. Chairman, it beitar-rbtiaii lb
cuuiu mil exisi u there was
lair corn pet ttlou. the people m Hit a
certain the ran which pnvrnt com
lieiiuon 111 order to make an inlelh
gem application of reni.diil Icrial
(Ion. It will not be tbnied tbt there
are certain trust which are dm to the
monopoly of na't.rul .idtnm.iges. Th.
anthracite Coal Trnat Is a notable ex
amide if t In - chin. liter of trust due
lo the owner -,hin by u K'tv unlit duals
of the only an'araaile coa' mi Ms 1
me i.niteu K'j'n. There la another
kind of trust jue In part 10 u iiiono.o
ly 01 naiurxi acit: ni xges Lad in tiui
to the adtaiil.gr Incidrrt to on
patent laws nnd th-j Harrimination by
railroad comn.xnlea 11 lhir favor.
The Standard Oil Trnxt i conapi.
uoua rrumpl of 'hi characler o(
trust. TTic ownership of the iiest oat
eat for refining the oil, the ownership
01 nctrty an 01 ia large pixMluiung
wells, and (he dlcr.minating favor of
railroad rstex the cause which
rontribntrd to the organizatioo of
this powerful monopoly.
The great Cattle Trim at Oticagu.
'men piuaoera our farmers, is aa
other form of trutt which seems u
to reje.-i It. That amend- j will abolish the Paper Trust and low
er prices, wny not apply the same
remedy to other trusts which have
rulsed thr prices of their product?
I it not unfair for thr rrpubliean
press to ask relief from the exactions
of a Paer Trust for themselves, while
at the nine time clamoring- for th
continuance of (he Ihngley law, which
permit the organization of Nail
Trusts, I.nnilH-r Trims, Sugar Trust,
bteel Trusts. IVnrlied Wire Trusts and
a thousand olher trusts which rob
farmers, miners. Irhorrr and othe
worthy claase of our iieople?
Mr. Chairman and frllow-eltircna.
the democratic party will apply Ih
very aimplr remedy of tariff reform
and dissol.e all tariff trusts. Inclut
lug the Poier Trual, ihortly after it
comes into power on the 4lh"of March
next. I nder the democratic adiuitii
tialion of Mr liryan thla rountry will
relurn to (he world-wide policy of
commercial cxpnnsion.
Wr inlenil to reduce the obstructive
wall of taxation to the rrvrnue point.
anil thua deatrny the Tariff Trust
We intend to repeal all lawa who !
stand in Ihc way of (he reatoration of
the American meiclintit murine; wc
intend, under Ihc policy of reciprocal
trade, to compete wilh Kngland for
the commerce of the world; wc intend
thai (he American Bug shall be at th.
mast lu-ad of our own teasel carry
ing our own commerce; we Intend
ihat Ihc l.iiinn .lack of Kngland shall
no longer la- thr emblem of our na
iio.ini numiiiaiioii on the high aess;
menl was Ihe outgrowth of
(he conviction. that under our
industrial civilization a high
tariff necessarily beromer. (he "moth
er of lrus(s." It ia the explanation
of (be Kansas Cl(y plnlfurm in II
di manda, not only for (he enforce
ment of existing anti-trust lawa and
the enactment of other, yet more
stringent, but lo for lis ringing dec
laration that ' tariff laws should be
amended by putting product of
trnsl .son (he free list, to prevent
monopoly under the plea of protec
This demand of our national plat
form ia supported by (hr following
concise summary of lads. I-alx.r-aav.
ing machinery, aa I hate already
shown, hae greatly multiplied pro
duction, and thua under existing high
tariff conditions. In some measure.
siiptxanieil lala.r. ITic output of ma
hmra in whatever line of industry
mployed I o great that according
lo aaMll mllll eatlmalea, if run upon
full time for six months in any given
year ihnr output will be ample t
meet ti,e iicccssit ies of the Inline mar
ket for a period ranging from twelve
lo eighteen months. The conclusion,
there fore, can not lie eacaned that
with a policy of commercial exclusion
Ihe machines must Ire restricted In
their output by closing down or run
ning Wjm half lime, or there must
lie audi a consolidation as will enable
mononiics lo limit produrlion, and
and peril to our form cf government.
hi, my friends, is still not a obi
pirte schedule ,f the change of the
opinion of the prraident. The last
om, as well aa the others, involve
consequence of very grave Import
ance to the people. The prraident In
hi last annual message said: "Our
plain duly I to aboliab the custom
tariff between the l nited Holes ami
Porto Rico and give her product free
acre to our market. " The secre
tary of war In hi annual report also
declared; "The highest considera
tions of justice and good faitb de
mand thai we should not disappoint
the coundrnt expectations of sharing
In our prosperity with vvblch the pro
Il (he price or manufselured articles wr '"''nd to abolish the Mark llann.i
regardless of (be law of supply and ! P""''.T "f Ihe republican parly which
... nianii 1 ne market being lim- j ' r-K'an 10 carry more thai
Heel to, the harrirra of obatrurlire "Inety per rent, of American com
taxation. Ihe consumption of (he n"'r, e. while Ihc Stars and the Ktripea
product of thr machine are thus nruki ovr our vrael rarrving len
limited. . tariff trust, therefore, un "mn "n Prr rent.; we intend to con
dcr the republican syrtcm of prolec I ,rue the Nicaragua canal by Ibis
lion, instead of I cmc a subject of de
niineiatinn by Republican, must
be tol. rated, if not commend
ed, becauie it fumUhes the
only avenue of es, ape Irom ruinous
comi-etition. The home market can
only consume a meager nereenlaire
of the output of labor-saving ms
chitiis, because practically there is
10 foreign market except ,,, disreeard
of (hr lawa of reciprocal Irnde. Il is
(rue thai our manufacturers do sdl
thiir surplus product lo foreigner
mtmfm than (hey sell lo (he honi"
maaWi bill (he kam, if anv. la
made good n( (he exMM of our
own people The tic! result, (here-
fore, of Ihe rxisling intluslrial rivili-
ration wilh Ihr INnglry law in force
i to compel the organization of
liusla, thus limit inc lirmluciion ami
nhantiiag im priexai of pmmmm here.
while ut the same time restricting our
run rk.-t nl.rond. It is a vrrv difficult
conomie (rat, aa this rountry hu
lenrncd, to sell to rvery nation in the
world whilst refusing to buy fro
.TT mt" army anth be th outgrow ih In large part of this
' oavionaa notior, cmitsauon whlck all for enormoua
It bad no constitutional power to re- aad expensive plants.
r"tnUtr'7e,hh 1C bw,U ' Pn. however, and In the
jMt proportion of the rxtxtnmm of uArttet ., . T
-. . . awrn 1 - "m --' a mnan urawai.ic INnTTV ,
Tf . J tha has- thw o. rrw helming majority of tom
"Z?!rL7 mp "n Jb alll, ! are due to fb, rjdathxr hlsh Uriff sv.
ar hattht with Drwry in MaaUa bay
sr wrsa aaiu.i orr nanuago, hat no
levy could b mad on tha toco max
great waaHh to asatotahi a glo
ttow nary aad mt tovfaaahaW mJL,
toro. it la atlatad that Ujm.ooa..
OOO of capital hat been ormnized nn.
dar tntai control during the last few
That a high Inriff doea enable mo
impolics in intrench themselves lie-
hind II. nail, nnd ply Ihcir MlallllQ
lernpalHIM at IM exi.-nae of Ih-
taiimers is liecominginorr and more
afmavmol to the American people. I
piote in this connection an extract
froir. an intertiew with a distiu.
guishrd cilicn of ourrountrv rXTlUIn
1 the operation of the grc.it ( nr-
negie Iron and Steel Tiust. lie says:
I'hc Carnegie 1 timpani is a prarll-
ally Impregnable monopoly. It con-
rol all the materials ol its iiiufac-
tiring pns-esscs, from the iron ore
of lite Mrsalm range lo (he takaaatl
rtitie. in n inrmlier of a coinbi-
naiion or In ihat includes t ,.
em big enough lo lie formidable
oiniiedinrs. lu cnorinoiis pioHts
liable It by sheer Wright of money to
rush mil comeiitiiin from smaller
inreriis. ( oiuiH-titi.in from aliroa l
s effectually abut out lit the tariff.
1 ne goterninent of the 1'nlte.l S(at
11 poiM-rim iariner In the entcr-
rlre. Take Ihe cutertimeni ...t
IHirtiicrship, dcnuilish the unll Ire
inil which these incredible prolita
asm writ gathered in. and the Car-
egie company would no loMXtr be
lib- to lax (he counlry as il has taxed
for Ihe last eight years."
K. Hint citizens, (hi ia an exaumla
f Ihe methods cniplo-cd by all tha
trnsts. Thrrxorbltant exactions of the
.-.iKr inm ai tnia lime arc git jug
Ihe American people an object Ira
son, Instructive and yet very expen
sive. The retail merchant, the hotel,
lici-pers, nmt nearly all other huainraa
classes are In Ihe iron grnap of trust
moniqiolics. winch paralyvr trade and
intimidate individual enterprise. Dur
ing the laat few years the
trust have auererded In removing Ihe
"ernlea" from the eyea of many of
that great thrifty ciaaa of our peo
ple known aa commercial travelers.
'far by year thr rank of thia sturdy
und enterprising business elaaa are
Mag thinned, hccauc of the rapa
cious green or monopolies.
However the Standard Oil Trust
and other trusts continue to enlarge
their (tower and enhance their
profits. The Standard Oil Truat re
rr.t!y deci-red a dividend of par
cant., which added io prior dividends,
amount to .in per cent, for the prernt
year, or dividend aggregating in
umounl more than one-tbird of the
entire capital of the company.
(he .Xlchinlcy variety of "proaprri
y" which ha lieen un exhibition re
cenlly has manifeated ita presence
largely. In marking up thr prices of
life's inexorable necessities. eonld
stand here till the going down of the
sun multiplying citation and pilmc
etidenre 11 oti evidence to show the
practical plundering operations of the
truat a. 1 will conclude with a single
illustration furnished by the repub
lican pre. It is n conclusive vindica
tion of Ihe fact that high tariff iaaa
roster trusts.
Wlthin the laat year or more demo
rata have been ve-y much amused at
vome of the editorial appearing in
republican newapapera demanding th
n D otal of the tariff from articles rn-
enng into the manfacturr of MMr
need bv thr mcfropnliiai. dailies and
the country press. Unanswerable ar
gnrncnl have (has unwittingly ap
peared In the eotomn of the rtvpubllo-
i. pre,. 11, mpoM o( the demand of
the Kansas City platform to place
trust-mad products upon the free
list. Th tariff upon tha mat rial
entering into tha manufacture of pa
per used by the pre of course shut
out competition, and thu enable th
government, and nut rol and drfrnd
II without the aid or consent of Kng
laiui, and thus develop new markets
in the orient by shortening the lines
of m ean transitortation: we intend to
ay to the men who own labor-saving
machines: "Hun them on full time,"
for with the restoration of commer
cial expansion you will find markets
for your product in every seaport
mart of the world; we intend to give
to labor comtant and profitable em
ployment under this policy; we Intend
lo give (he farmers better markets
for Ihelr producf under thla policy;
we Intend, in foci, (o cstnbliah an Km
pire of Commerce rather than an Em
pire of Force! With intelligent labor,
unrivalled machinery, cheap capital
and free institution' thia coun
try, under the policir of the Kanaa
City (ilnt form, will become the might.
ai commerrinl nation of all the agen.
It is mil possible for the imagination
of ihc tiint gifted artist to imrtray
upon MM (he commercial glories
which shall be our, if we return to
(hut policy under winch this rountry
once surpassed Knrland I.,
upon me aens.
tie want an empire upon the high
wuya 01 oteaii ennimerrr nnd In Ih
un- nnriil. I ins em
pire will not require large atanding
arniica; il will not call for conquering
.canons, 11 will not depend upon
gleaming haynnrta or flashing swords.
u"i win or nutlrcsscrl upon the abili
v, the thrift and (he energy of tin
nmrnean people which can mast,
the world in commerce.
II.. 1 r. ...... . .
-...."-ciuzcii, 1 must hasten lo
a conclusion. I hare already occui
more time than I had intended to nc
cupy 111 the discus 1. ,1 of question re
1 ..... u 1.. - -
... iM.rriiai pciiiciea. 1 come
now, in Ihc order of my argument, to
a teiy nrier dlacusslon of a very great
issue. 11 ia not an issue involving th
MtttUM of sdjacent lerrilon 1
lie ultimately uplifted Into statehood
Unt an issue Involving Ihe acquisition
01 remoie iniaiifts.already more den
... ma,, our older stale, to
nc go.erned by emigres a colonics
In disregard of Ihe protection of the
The MMM iwriy ha mat
been a irty of progress and of irreai
IMiliclra. Ita territorial policy has been
tne policy ot expansion in entire har
mony with the Monroe Ooctrlnr Tl.r
llrat contest for territorial arquiai
lion waa with the old federal iarly,
which MMttj resisted the extension
or our border. At the time the demo
cratic party Inaugurated it flr( am
idrn(, Thomas .Irfferson. on the 4th
of March, 1H0I, there were but 13 star
in the blue Held of our national flue
T- , .
.c.e are v . siara there now, with
other lerrltory ou( of which can lie
created aplendld slates. Kiery acre
or icrritory added (o (he I niun prior
to the acquisition of our ialand pos
session w a contribution by Un
democratic party. Our territorial area
which wa but H27.HIM mpiare mile at
the time of the orugnizatlon of the re
public has expandrd to. I.fr.'i.ooo square
nines iinoeroemrN-ratlr latemauship.
I include the Alaskan terriiory .Ijccause
even that acquiallion was made under
thr adrai-iiatration of President John
eon afler be abandoned the republic
an party.
The Louisiana purchase, Florida,
Texas and the extensive domain add
ed a a result of the Mexican war
came Into the I'nion under demo
cratic adtniniatratinn at a total coat
of only ISSOtl.noil to the national
treasury. This col, of eoure, doe
no! Include the fw.urxrooo paid for the
Philippine ialand under the Pari
treaty. AH of thla taat empire waa
contiguous territory, thinly nomj-
la(rd; and out of which we have
caned great sovereign state, now
the home of million of energetic
sun patriotic citizen. Thi added ter
rilory did not come a the result of a
policy of conquest. The demoeratte
party believed then and now.
1 . :.!., . . ..... . ., .
. .CT..... ... ... rtuiicy uiu ican 1 nan two
yeors ago. that "forcible annexation
under our code of moral i criminal
pie of Porto Rico have gladly trans-1 house of rrprrarntative on (he anth
ferred their allegiance lo the V nited 1 of January, 190. In opposition to the
mate, it r siiouKi trcnl the interest annexation of Ihe Philippine islands
administration avow Ita purpose tol of IW, which immediately 111 air ad ad
keep the faith and give Culm freedom, the Spanish war, ti,e appropriation
a run. rem policy 1 10 he applied to
the Filipinos, seven thousand mile
away. The Filipino hare also
a like glorious fight against Spain for
freedom. Cuba, only ninety alto
from our ahorrs. Is to have liberty
while the Philippine archipelago, ia a
remote pari of the ginne, ia lo be gov
erned as a colonial dependency, un
Ira the American people at the coa
ing election shall rcaaaert the onto
Ion rxpreurd In Ihr declaration up
on which (his country weut to
with Spain. I may lie pardoned for
quollng in (hi connection an extract
from a apcr. h made by air in the
of this people as our own. I wish
mot s(rong)y (o urge that the cus
toms duties between Porto Rico anJ
thr Culled Sla(e should be removed.''
Mr. Chairmen, I hnie quoted Ihe ut-
Tbe view I then expressed have been
strengthened by (lie course of evcut.
I then said:
"And now. Mr I'halrman. I desire to ad
vert t..r i mcni'iil nnlv u, ihe proposed
teraoce. of knm IVs Kir i... "' i-nnippm.- Islati.ts it
not mt purposa to enter upon an -Inl-
ins war uiitiscr insisting upon ' V" uis' iissinn 01 inis sreai .ueiin
free trail.- I u-i !,, in, 1 I ?"'' m "Pn'nn. tb annexation of
iree irain between I orto Rico and these remol trnuii-al Islands will inau
the I nited Stales, Ihc presidrnt de- .sural a paltry nf colonial empire rrpux
elnr.ior Ii i i ....... i.., .,.., . nanl to leput.llran Institutions and all.
". J". .in ,.ll, R l. 1, I null , If, r ......
tne secretary inaialing thai "jiutlce
and good I. .i'Ii demand it."
A bill wus introduced inlo (he house
of representatives by the chairman of
Ihe rommlltcc on way and mcaua
(Mr. Payne), and in thr MM by the
senator from Ohio (Mr. Eoraker). lo
crystalize these recommendation In
to law. The Ink upon thcae bill wa
rarccly dry lie (ore the mruit sudden
change of view known in our ad
111 1 nitrative history occurred. The
rraaoua for the rhnngr are o dun
ling Ihat I will not assume to atale
(hem my. -if et they be under the
suspicion of pernicious partisanship.
I will quote from Ihe irccch of Sena
tor IKdneld Proctor, of Vermont ec.
ctsry of war under President Harri
son), made In Ih senate March aOlh
of Ihr present year. In which be rrivea.
with some degree of Indignation, the who h.v. ( ..ruzchrii for iP'
ran.ivHs . . (L. a ax. ..I t
Ing the history of the propvraedlrgi.la. mtffmm4tXmmtJm
(ion, and quollng (he view of the S ""l,""'l by ennai-eaa why U poll
prddent and prelacy of war. he M miles' TKmntSml9 ''"
say: rOHowlaa these re.-, .tinner,, I.. .."' nalrman, IH permsneni snness
tion. a bill was Introduced In this I i really AjS
Irmly hy (he aena(or from Ohio the .... J" . "m" "m praciieaiiy
chairman of (he couimll ler. irit in-. l-,rc,t .-, v ..il,,lr.l nniieT ii 1 . T.-
1 ono kico tree Ira. e. like mea- V m.-riean isiwtr t th r..m
tra wa. Introduced In another body I "yxsrv L. 'Sf.ZS,
oui, prrsio; with i.. notice or ap
ircnt rraaon a bill cornea to ua levy-
ig n lax upon Porto Riran cxporte
and importa.
Ia it etrangr Ihat aome of ua. In
lack of an official etatement. or ap
pniMi reason for thla sudden ahlft.
should Ire slow to give up a line of ac-
lion which we believe to lie tosed on
. i.iinnoa.
Th hot hbtort ef revolution will be a
constant danger lo aiahlr Bovrrnmeat. re
quiring a large perm-snent Increase of Ihe
regular army.
. T!t I'ropxwed anneiallon can not be
)indlHc,i by romnirrclal rea..n Inasmuch
s the Increased espeii.lliure ..n .-counl
( ihe standing army and the augmented
naval sxpense nrrtxamry to maintain or
der will exceed lb value of Ihe entire
JJJMMJM "f ih. arehiivriago. Inctuding
The contrmplaied annexation can net
therefore t uracil uiain Ihs grounds of
iraite expansion, neither can It Ik- fairly
claimed as c:satial lu the national de
A naval slallun atToriUng a commodious
M...-.I huh nmpie il. King privilege for
J repair of nur great war and merchant
ship, would meet sll Ihe r. nilremenla In
etdenl lo Ihe growth of our commerce and
lo a nrnner In, lease ill Ihe mo
.Tcritortal aggi-andlxrmriit In these far
i,i,ii wui prove to Ie- nn annex
atl1.11 nf troubl. an InherKance of woe
If II was proper lo deriare that Ih pro
li.- ..( I'uha sr snd of right ought Us b.
rr. anil inili-pcniletll. why d.sr not thsl
gr.st runda mental alley demand Ihe
I Pnvuege tor th Filipinos
f great value
nmm-rw l our .'illllirt
nr. 1 (.refer it..- espmslon of eommerce
.airier man in expsnslnn or far-awnv
undesirable Islands I prefer a homogene
ous people del ..led In nur tetse Inatlt...
Unite rathei ihan the incorporation Into
our riiizensuip or senilharhnrlc alien
races t prefer Ihe peaceful conquests of
commerce rather than Ih etlrrlng
triumph-, nf armies and navirs
Mr I'halrman. 1 would establish a rom-
ni- .'l.il empire on Ihe ee,i will.. .hnll
1 give lo Ihla pn..l.ll.. it... - - . .s .
principle and Juatkre, which wc be- ' "
coMnrrtr, rati h-r lluia U
llcve to be (be only hone.t and eon ! XTTll&i'??.
a , . I . - . u , .. 11, mi
-.s.. ,,, , . ,( en urged thai this s me great nauons or the earth.
hunge waa demanded and broiieht
alaiut by the sugar and tobacco inter
ests, snd also, It Is stated, by orgsn-
zeu labor.
"I, however, have failed to see thai
he representative of thi latter in
cres( appeared before Ihr commi' -cc
It is practically oilraitird that
rce (radc with Porto Rico does nol
harm (hese interest, materially, hut
,ir. wxnarrl. for Ihe Sugar Interest.
anil lr. Myrirk and Mr. Krye. pre
principles of
tXIr. lei 11 n, ilnluii. 1 1.
rre. government, which will ulllmaleli
.e-uiesir me enure western continent In
in while svoldlnr eiilangling alli
ances with European and Aal.iuc pow.
"'it . nty frllow-eitizens, let u ex
amine thia question for n moment
only, from the standpoint urged by
some of nur people. It a a aurdld
view, nnd should hate no place In the
li ler it I lire of this discussion, but It
may be well to com.ider it. because of
lent of (he Tolavcco (i rowers' nasocia- ""- nppareul ilctcrmitialioii to de-
lion, claimed Itefore the rommitlee -'rl",r flX of our country ha Ihc
Ihat it create a precerb-nt thai will '"" mere "commercial as-
hnrnt lliem If ndnpted in reference lo 1 W,H 'h'- annexation of the
(he I hillppines ami Culm. It will lo- 1 htlippine an lllpMmu I a prnfliablc
limc to cross those river when we eouiinerrinl nc.iiisilion'.' The entire
come to them, and in my opinion the j ",r 1'i'ilippine ielamla. con-
crossing will nol be d.ftlcult when the '"'"g of l.l I, raaMfi and MMaM,
proper time conn s for action." wil1 probably amount, under Ihc most
I'l-llou-citiriia, (he Porto Rlcan I favorable comlii ion, to not more
tariff bill was thr outcome of the I Ma (sMyHannt MaH. The I inte.l
moat shameless exhibition of the ! Slnles iluriug the fiscal ye.ir ending
power of trust and the most ignoble !J,lnr 3U,I'- I'-"'- "old lo the Philippine
surrender to them nnulc by any oil- I ''nd products amounting in value
ministration in the history of our I Iwcgarly sum of aVMM 'be
counlry. The surrender was made
declared by Senator Proctor, not be
caue free trade with Porto Rico
would materially reduce the profits
of (be (ruata upon sugar and tolssrcn,
but it being the first oulpo( of fed
eral Irglalation for Ihc government of
colonial possession, the trusts took
the administration by thr throat, ho-
cauae their campaign contribution!
hail largely rnnlrlbutrd lo ita elec
tion, ami demanded that the bill le
tbroKlrd Utause it would estahliah a
precedent for fulurc legislation In re-
aeci io me Philippine iuod and
uba. Wss ever Ihe nundinal greed
no power of trusts more dclianllv
exhibited than ia ahown in the atorv
of national humiliation, by ibe dia-
tinguished republican aenalnr (Mr.
Proctnrl the extract from the
perch I have Just read! Thi counlry
Im cut off the trade of Porto Rico
with HMtin by the Paris treaty, and
then taxed ita commerce with" ua In
dUregard both of the Oeelaratlon of
Independence nnd (be Coustilntinn of
the 1'nlled Slates. The Constitution
imports irom those ialand to this
country being I.'., "7 1. 10.
Among Ihc principal Hems export
c dfrom (his counlry to (he arehiiel
ago during thr lust fiscal year were
manufactures of Iron aud leel.
horses, coal, coke, car and cotton
cloth. The chief articles imported to
this country from (he Philippines
were ugnr cane and Manila hemp. We
enler uxm the policy nf trade expan
alon by the sword, wilh purcbaaes
from Ihe archipelago of more than
twice the amount wc sell to (hem. !(
may be well In again remind Ihr peo
ple (hat (rude docs urn always follow
Ihc flag, but it rlocs always seek (he
beat mark. for profllablr sale and
exchange. Exim-iichcc has shown that
countric with colonial dependencies
uaually control not more Ihan 40 per
cen(. of (bur (rndr. If. therefore,
the commerce of I hoc hxlanri
mount to tto.onii.niin the ; 'nited
States in time may control 40 per
cenl. of It, and estimating (he profit
on I bur eon, i, ,t ,. nl one.fooell. nf 14
value we would have a nel balance nf
for our army were Mlra.toa.Ta, and
the appropriations for the malnto
nanee of the navjf, other tbaa appro
priations for Ita bxevaeae, were lit,
0aj.iioD.li3. TV appropriation for the
fiscal year ending June toth, IM0, the
rear following th eioae of tha war
with Spain. were lM,m xj.7 for th
army, and 42,TIV7. for th navy,
other than for it Increase. In the
total of appropriations for the army
and navy during the laat fiscal year I
include tha re -appropriation of mar
Ihan fifty million nf unexpended bnl
ncea, thua madr by the republican
party, lo conceal Ihe treaendou
tretiry liabilities on account of the
war again! the Filipino.
II appear therefore, my fellow
citizens, that (he increase of our war
b-lget lo carry Ihe policy of "be
nevolent aaaimilatton" to the Fili
pino with galling g-tiu.in connection
with the coat of the gcvernrornt of
I'orto ilii-o and Cuba, amounted for
the fln-al year iuat closed to $126,-
M3,04.57. that being the Increase of
army and navy appropriations over
nd bove the year preceding the dec
laration of war.
I ran not. a I have said. tate the
. .p- ...i. lines on account or the army
in Cuba and Porto Rico, but Ihe war
In the orient is obviously costing ou
ieo)ile. a I hove shown, mil less (hat
lltS.taai.OOti annually. Indeed, my fet
low -citizens. lnicrialiaro cornea high
There is n melancholy phase of (hi
mi nation t. inch should arrest Ibe at
tendon of every thoughtful Ameri
cau. The I nited State ha sent the
flower of thr American youth to that
far-distant tropical clime. The re
port of the arc Hilary of war. made I
answer to a resolution of the senate
how that from July 3lt, laag, to
ilay 24th, or the present yesr, 47:
American soldier were killed In ac
tion, 1...4 died of wound nnd .lis
eaaea. 70 committed suicide, 71 be
come insane and l,M4 were woundev
in battle. I bate been unable to as
certain (he number killed, wounded.
died, committed suicide or have be
come Insane since thi ofltoiel report
ne navy iiepnrimrut declare il in
bilKy to furnish the information a
thi time. Enough, however, ii
known of tha awful climatic condl
tiona of (be Philippine island to
juatlfy the opinion that a very brief
service (here will furnish a Jusl basis
for a pension.
In addition to Ihe terrible destruc
lion and bias of precious lives, Itoth
by disease nod the bulb i- of Ihe Fill
plnoe, our pension roll will be enor
Mb increased, and proirrly o. by
Ihr addition of substantially all of
(he ii in.es of our gallant boy who
may no o fortuna(e aa to again M
fiM.t upon (heir naliie soil
( ommcnling upon climatic condi
I.. . - v .. u . . .
..., ,ir attempi m coionirc o
urr the MzatM, Mr. Ilryan, in his
mUhle eech at Indianapolis
nil ;
Kvi-n llo- srcnmeni tl.nl it.1. ..us. s
I'lltaa to Ihose who desire to cultivate I
ond htvc the i . power le acquire It
... ..... ,.e int-oaeii to lustily Ihr ap-
priiprlalloi, f ,he Philippine islands hy
he t nlle.1 Hlote If ihe l.l.nds were un
li.hsblle.1. Am. rl nn cblseris would nn be
-.i ing to get note n.l III! Ihe soil Th
-one ,,e win nni ut. n near Ihe roil
lor other nation hat.- tried to colonise
in th, ..me liirde The Netherlands
list. ...nrrolled Jr. , r. . ..r n, yet
lo .lay Ihere arc I. ss Ihan Mi lan people nf
..-,..,.,, i.irm s.auer.! among Seta
"xi native Afier a century and a half of
l.nrltsh domlnsthm In India lea ihan
"lie MS. , Ol. ih ..( "lie ,.f Ih,
pb- m India ar of Fncll-b birth and It
require an rnc. ,-f 'him, itrlilsh soldp-rs
In lake care nt the lax collectors Hl.nln
hi. erle.l title i ihe Philippine Islands
for three . enlurtes. and yet when ,oir
flrel eniere.1 M nils bat. there were lea
''' " : " Sp ..lr ! ,, ii In Hie pun.
.i, .
A i olonlal policy means that we shall
...... ... . ne . niiiniune s few Under, s
lew ink master and lew orn, eholder
ami an armv large enough la support the
i.ulhorliy of i, small frscthm of the pen.
ft If fl Cl I I r- I hfl.ti -1 1 1 k . tae ,
ay that all "duliea, iiii,.tK and ex -! M.'0.0f to the profit aide of the
clae ahall hg uniform throughout (he
I nllcil h(n(e To (his cnnatiiutioii-
al maxim of taxation should lw add
ed, if the republican policy is to pre
vail pro. ided the truat consent.
Fcllow-cilizen. I voled for Ihr dee-
Irdger. Hut let u auiimr that our
net profit would be greater than thia
amount, and reach f in.oOO.OOO annual
ly. In such an event, how would Ihe
account stand" The United State
actually disbursed during the flacal
year ending June 30th, 1000, 110.
laralion of war with Spain to drive H7i-000 on account nf MJMmMWM
tne crtirl, treacherous Spaniard from
th wealern world. In discnsainir the
causes of (ha( war I said In thr bouse
of representatives tir ttth of
Mnn-h, I so thai:
"Laruruaa seems i.i.i , ,. m
much I In essggerals, Ihr crueltle. per
etrsted by Kpaln tr, her effort ton
IH! I lh rubn IK.pulstlon Th
manufacturers of paper to organlr
a trust, tmn isulseatfss Sts. iw..
year, and more than two-third ah1 "Where rohTlaXiitiflin tat Mivt
Uowwatr, permit m to M(fat to
tkm aJfhtv capilaiiM Uoa baa amis
old , tha advMUgM of hw nnnniTilj
Ittot iMttowtx. mrnZZZS,
It seems, however, (bat ibe nrciti
dentlal mind has changed, not only
upon (hi question, but upon other
question consequent upon the war
with Spain When our coiuinlssioners
were aent abroad to negotiate the
Pari treaty, their Instruction were
to ask only for the ialand of Luzon
as a naval station, so that our war
and merchant reaatia might dad safe
har Ivors, and tha government secure
rommottdious docking privilegaa far
th repair and construction of vessels
Tha f. residential mwtt chsogd M
the subject of "forcible annexation,"
and the result was the annexation ot
tha antlrt Philippic erchtpeiafo at
terMM nn to Mi ua-parart
conscqnenl upon (he Spoiilh war
Ihe trraaury dcpuritncnt ia nol
bie to acgregale and klenlify the
total expenditures in ( uba and Porto
I have re)tieated (hi exhibit but It
can not lie fnrnlhrd. The appropria
tion made for (hr army during (he
present flacal year exceed 11 14.1100,01x1.
Th appropriation for the navy are
In excess of Mi.IXKi.000. The increased
trncltles Of Ihe fl,,Sv, l K-T. !B,!ial COS! by ri-OSOn Of the r.ee,..s..
SSSSS'iSS'rSSlZ 1LJ&. i l,on of 'h'llpplne biliind enn not
T& SSj'u.mmMy slated; but i, pro.l.lv
nrnpamTutw ,h' errra.er ,,r Of (he
more than 4tn.au I'uhu, h.v. .!...?. appropriations over and 9 sit il...
net lorurerhltairio KSr " tSSl ""' ''" navy prior to the
of fun' freedom" Spanish '. Thi amnunl ia (..(
Fellow -citizen, the views then ex- ,ut,000. but estimating It at onlr
one nan 01 mi aum. II would be $17,-
whnleaale rarnlval of blood visited' bv th
rlr ulahi '.,niulaladores UemB UB.
it-.-,.o t-o.iaine 01 mi item Indies
Mr and Peru ai the beginning of
pressed remain unchanged up to this
hour. The United State, by the joint
resolution approved try the President,
April KHh, ln. declared 'Ihat the
people of the island of Cuba are, and
of right ought to be, free and inde
pendent." It further asserted "that
thr United Stales hereby disclaim
any disposition or Intention to exer
cise sovereignly, juriadirtion or con
trol over aid island, except for the
pacification thereof, and asserts Ita
determination, when that is accom
plished, to leave the government and
control of the Island to Its people
Mrtt.noo. certainly a eonaervative esti
mate. The well eta Wished estimate
of (he cosl of the army serving in thr
United Stale c an average of ,000
for each eoldler. The aervice ,,, the
Philippine Ialand. hy reason of in
crcaned pay and olher expense, will
bring that average op lo not len
than ll,MK yearly. With about 44.-
OOO soldiers In (lo- Philippine island
the yearly cosl of our army (here
must be not leas .than v7.500.noo,
which added to the increased naval
cost would mak an annual drain of
Thi. .ilu . I m . 1 . . .
u.siiu.1 111 iti.iii'ow- 011 - . 1 , 000 ouo uiuin one ess.
by the president, wa a solemn ox- aonroeo to meet the expense conse-
pieaaion i in. American people that : quent nMi the annexation of (he
tnr people of I uba ought to be free i Philippine Ialand. Aa against thi
nd indeitendenl, and tha' the United
Slate had no purpose of conquest in
entering upon that struggle to eman
eipato Cuba.
Thi opinion waa La.reu hy the
president until the changes of views
to which I have referred. The aa-
tloual republican administration then
enormoua onday may be credited a
maximum estimate 1 10,000,000 of
profit on commerce. Fellow-citizens,
I ak. does It pay?
Mr. Chairman, the proposed estab
lish men of a Colonial Empire to be
mad in bumbb- imitation of Great
Britain m a vary expensive luxury, aa
agreed that the Cuban patriot were i moat fats admitted after th. .i...
ntMed to jraadottt. lion of still anethar nhaaa of owe M.
mm, Mwfaag, that wUto tlw axan4ltur. Pvtai tea aaal yaaj-
lint, fellow-citizens. 1 must haalen
ine eiiacin.enl of the Porto Riran
(iirlfT bill, under (he circumstance lo
which I bate ndicrtcd. in connection
.11 ,,, , , ..
"..ii .0. 1 11 1 1 1 pp. ne nney leave no
rloulrt an to the pnailion of (be re
puhliran almlnllrntlnn upon the la
sue to tie settled ut the ensuing elec
tion. The republican platform say,
"That (he largest measure nf self gov
ernment consistent wilh their wel
fare and our duties shall he secured
to I hem ft he Filipino) by law." Tbla
ia not the doctrine of ihe Constitu
tion. It ia neither the spirit or tha let
ter of (he Iledarnlion of lndr)end
rnce. The issue is Indubitably the Re
public againal I ha Kapirr (he Con
titutlon against the Colonies The re
publican administration. following the
example of Alexander Hamilton, pro
pose 11,, r inblishmenl of a colonial
system ainillar to the Englhxh system.
That ytem would mean one form of
government for the colonies and an
other tor the mother country the
I cited Male. It would mean ub-
ject there and freemen here for 11
'line; it would mean a got eminent of
force (here and a got eminent of con
sent here; it would mean thr final
establishment of a gotrrnmrnt of
force everywhere; It would mean that
the president nnd congress, who are
but Ihe rrrnturra of the Constitution,
can goxrrn colonic outside of
(be Constitution; it would mean
Ihat. allbough (he treaty -making
power 01 me 1 .institution has been
Invoked to bring territorr into
the United Slnlra. the Constitution
ltelf I powerless to give the people
of (be territory thus added thr bene
fit of it protection; if would mean
that a ronatlrutinnal provliiou could
work out an unconstitutional result.
Fellow-Citizena: It 1 claimed that
the Constitution docs not apply to
territory annexed under its provi
sions, but must be extended hy an act
of 1 ongrra. An act of . -.ingress I
only th expression of it will, which
may be changed, modified or repealed
at any time. Under thi construc
tion, the Constitution might be ent
with tbe flag to Porto Rico and the
Philippine islands by one congress,
and a xuhm-qurui congress might
withdraw, modify or repeal li. The
Constitution, (hrreforc. under such n
const ruction, would be the mere
shuttle rock of furious partisan, tn
tead of thr shield and the defense
for the lihertlea of tha people. Could
ever folly be more monumental than
Ihc claim that a mere atatulorr
enactment could establish, expand,
modify or limit tbe great charter of
human liberty the Constitution of
the United State?
Fellow-ciUxen, in vhrw of tha
tenth section of the Pari treaty it
la of ii,.r.-me importance that Ihe
people should elect a national admin
istration and a congre who will
wisely determine tha poll tic t status
ot the inhabitant of th Philippine
ialand. The Parte Riran tariff bill
baa already taxed the trade of tha
people of that bland in defiance, of
tha Consiitutio- It has even gone
further under the republican colonial
poiicy and tdeutined tha people etr
laat ialand to tha laxuruaaa of tha
Ww tttM of Parte !
and not of the Untied State Thia
bill clearly re veal the pa'psast' of tha
repiMtean leaders to deal with tax
Philippine ittand in tb same way.
It MM thai th administration
wa dreaming of empire even at tha
time the treaty wss mad betwaec
Spain and the United tstate. Section
10 ot the treaty rtoelare that "tha
civil right and political atatua of tha
native inhabitant of thif lerrilorlea
hereby cejrled to th United' Plates
ahall be determined by the ewngrna."
In my opinion th pro pi of the FnltV
ippine archipelago are not, and never
con be, filled for Ibe discharge of tha
high dntle of American citLcrnehlp.
If mm view i a correct one, the ad
mission of thai country to statehood
under tbe Constitution would be at
tended wilh peril to our govern
aent as well as dangers to tbe Inter
ests of labor. It I obvious, thera
forr, that they ran only be governed
a colon!, and such a form of gov
ernment ( at war with thr theories
upon which thi government waa es
tablished. Bui. frllow-cltlxstn. If the
Philippic. island are to remain a
part of ihe territory of the United
Htotea, they mint be governed under
the Constitution, rise there la empire.
I deal with tbr Filipino ad
wr have solemnly agreed to deal vrith
(In- Cubans. Hut It i urged by some
with seeming exboueranl patriotlam,
(hat it i not th part of wisdom to
pursue thi policy. They assert, with
much guito. Ihat the flag once up
should never Is hauled down. This
seemingly patriotlr tentlment i with
out the sanction either of rxpertoaca
or sound governmental discretion. It
la but another exprcaeion of a policy
which would make every war a war ot
conquest. Even emperors have never
assert.-,! so untenable a doctrine for
the earnest consideration of intelU
gent people. Napoleon himself hauled
down the Krrnrh (lag from many of
the capital nf Europe in which it
bad waved in triumph. Thia wa don
without dishonor to the French flag.
The Kraprror William hauled down
thr flag of th Get man empire after
ihc l'i iiuo Prussian war, although It
floated in victory over all France It
is nol churned lha( thi wa an act of
perfidy or diahonor.
The ...blier of tbe republic carried
our etarry banner away up into Cana
da during the war of IMS. and yet It
wa hauled down anil brought back
in honor. Our flag once floated in
triumph and glory over Ihr hall ot
the Mnntezumaa, but no American haa
eicr aaatimrd thai it was dishonored
when It waa brought hark to the Rio
tiranilc The flag should never float
enve In honor and in harmony with
tne principle of juaticr, equality aad
My fellow-rltizrna, thr American
people do not deaire colonic, because
they are unprofitable, and for the
weightier rraaon that their acouiai-
tlon would Ire thr establiahment of a
Colonial Empire. 1 belirvr wilh the
Kanaas ( tr platform that "the Fili
pino ran not be cilixens without en-
dangerlng our civilization, thry ran
nol be subject without imperiling
our form of government, and aa we
are not willing to surrender our civil-
iaziion or to convert the Repiiblir In-
a so r.mplre, we fat or an Immediate
leelaralion of Ihe nation' nurnose to
give the Filipino, flrst. s stable form
of government; second indrpendenre.
and third, protection from outside In
currence, such aa haa been eiven
for nearly a century lo (he republic.
of Central and South American "
Mr. Chairman, the result of (hi
rampnign will determine whether this
eminent I to slip Ihr anchor of Us
Old safe constitutional m.sorioo. ...
try the certain peril incidenl to a
voyage in qne( of ( olonlal Emnire.
The issue i prrgnnnl with the der
mic of a free people. Thr Unlle.1
S(n(e has urvived all Ihe daneee. nt
t conalllutional hiatory. and ia now
great and powerful republic; aiden-
did in ihc magnificence and variety of
il almost illimitable resource; with
climatic range perniiMincr a variety
f production unknown to any other
country; with a homogeneous people
tnorougniy in loir wi:h free inslltu-
lone, and a dratinv so rxalletl ami
radiant with thr rainbow of promise
inai language ia utlrrly Impotent to
adequately depict or portray.
1 lie example of this fire republic
ha lighlexl up the dark places of (he
earth; It ha established the altar of
frredom In every rlime; It ha been
hr hope of the oppressed of every
nation; it has been the joy of the lib
erty loving people of the world; it
as established const it ultonal govrra-
men(a; i( ba caused throne to lo((er
o tbeir fall; it ba alrleken shackle
from slates; it baa utterly discredited
(he doctrine that king rule by divine
When Jefferson announced the mas
terful doctrine of the sovereignty of
the people, and the equality of men,
It wr the defiant challenge of llherty
to despotism; It waa the beginning of
the American republic whose glorious
career lo (he percent time ha been
the song and tory of freedom.
My countrymen, shall we now repu
diate the Declaration of Independ
ence and turn our backs upon the
Shall wo forget the glorious
achievement of our armies and
navies in behalf of conatltullnnal gov
ernment? Khali we forget the awful
uttering at Valley Forge? Khali wa
forget the vlor and hardahlrw nf our
soldiers lu the war of 112 and (he
war with Mexico? Shall wr forget th
tcrriblr crpage, the nnguiah and tha
heartaches of the civil war? Shall wo
forget th( the Monroe Doctrine haa
been a mighty defense for human lib
erty? Khali we forget that the Con
ciliation pi' u the shield of the
great Writ of Habeas Corpus and of
me ngni of irlsl by Jury? Khali we
forget that tbe supreme court haa
thu far found no authority under the
Constitution for colonic?
Shall wc forget that thr United
States wa oner an English colony
and that our revolutionary father
overthrew the colony and established
the Republic" Khali we, especially our
foreign-born citizen, forget that a
largo standing army means enormous
taxation and great peril to free insti
Shall we forget the thrilling armeale
of Patrick Henry forllberty? Khali we
forget the solemn warning of Wash
ington farewrlladiir. Khali wc for -
get that thia republic ia the but refuge
01 rre government? shall we forget
the teaching of Wajihingt , Jeffer
son, Jackson, Lincoln and a long Um
of illustrious stat emeu? Shall wa
blot from nur memories all thee
wria laainplta, doctrine aad
achievement to enter upon tt wild
earner of conquest aad col onto?
My countrymen. 1 believe to to to
telllgence, the lofty ps'rioUaa and)
souud toognwrsf; of the American peo
ple, end yet I would appropriate the
anmune invocation of to

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