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Make America and “Democracy” Safe * for the Negro 1_ ... ...__ __ .11. Jr'ri7?, DEL'VERY i > 3602 j(a(j SUS.t.Cor Vol. 1.—No. 12. CHICAGO, ILL., SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 13, 1919 PRICE FIVE CENTS TO ABOLISH JIM CROW CARS LIBERIA’S PRESIDENT VISITS RACE CONGRESS Bill Introduced by Senator Madden Opposed by Southerners By The Readers’ News Service If the bill, introduced into Congress and fathered by Representative Mad den of Illinois, to amend “An Act to Regulate Commerce,” approved Feb.; 1887, is passed, the long cursed “Jim 11 Ovow” car, the blight of the Negro’s traveling experience, will find its way to the scrap heap of discarded insti tutions of racial discrimination. This bill provides that “It shall be unlawful * * * to deny or to refuse to furnish ecjual and identical rights and accommodations, and privileges to any person on account of race, color or previous condition of servitude, this to be applied to transportation systems “soliciting interstate com merce.” On Friday last this bill was intro duced before the Interstate Commerce committee for a hearing. The Colons! fc—- ir —11 fyi, organization^ purposing to study national legislation as it affects colored people, was rep resented at this hearing by a number of it members, several of whom ar gued in behalf of the bill. Representative Madden presented the bill, Mr- George H. Murray, coun sel for the Colored American Council, presented an argument for the consti tutionality of the bill and the neces sity of congressional legislation. In troducing his argument, Mr. Murray said "We gave the best blood and treasure of our nation, black and white, to confer upon the peoples of Europe freedom from ruthless crush ing, soul deadening blight of ‘Culture.’ I tak- t that it will require no great sacrifice for us to lay down our preju dices in order that the peoples of oui own country shall be made politically free. \V, have vanquished the enemy in th- field of force; we have yet to vanquish him in the field of govern ment" In proof of the statement that “Jim Crow" accommodations are seldom, if V> ever, equal, Mr. Murray pointed out that roaches for Negroes were usually placeo just behind the engine to catch the mti-t heat and dirt anti the greatest danger in case of accident or at the end of the train, where danger in accident.- was equally great. Other speakers from the council were Lieut. T. M. Gregory, who, in 1016, made a special study of railroad discriminations in the South, and who was prepared to lay bare the most convincing facts against the Jim Crow” institution and who made a most impressive presentation of these facts; Trof. A. W. Mitchell, formerly president of the Slate Industrial In stitute of Alabama; Mr. Edward B. Henderson of Washington, and Capt. Louis R. Mellinger. Capt. Mellinger, who served with the Ninety-second Division overseas, compared the return of the white and colored soldiers to the country for which both had fought, and recited some of his own experiences since his return. Representatives Rayburn of Texas, Sanders of Louisiana, Simms of Ten nessee made vigorous assaults upon the bill, engaging in prolonged collo quies as to whether or not the bill was intended to infringe upon state rights or to promote social equality among the races. After the argument of the colored council had been presented, however, these represntatives were profoundly silent or conspicuously absent. The argument by the council, it is stated upon high authority, made a profound and favorable impression. - £ TO Ii jiM, til — JiWKlAUyA .K _— Lynch Negroes, Drag Bodies Florida White*, Missing As sailant of Girl, Seize Alleged Slayers of Man. Jacksonville, Fla., Sept. 13.—Two Negroes charged with murder were .taken from the city jail here shortly after midnight and lynched. A mob of 50 men stormed the jail in search of a Negro who was being held for assaulting a little white girl but who had been secretly sent to St. j Augustine by court officers following threats of violence. Finding their intended victim gone the crowd seized the two Negroes charged with the murder recently of, George Dubos, white man, took them to the outskirts of the city in automo biles and shot them to death. They then placed ropes about the necks of the bodies and dragged them through the city streets. One body was drop ped in front of a leading hotel. The other had not been found. The sheriff and a posse are search ing for members of the mob but no arrests have been made. Conductor Hits Negro and Is Shot; His Assailant Escapes Atlanta, Ga., Sept. 13.—Frank Stewart, a conductor on the Magnolia street car line, was shot Tuesday night by an unknown Negro over a street car fare. According to the reports of wit nesses, the car was crowded and the Negro was standing on the back plat form. The conductor asked him for his fare. He replied that he had paid his fare, which was verified later by witnesses. The conductor dis puted him and grabbed the Negro to put him off the car. The Negro re sisted and in the tussle he was hit with a balck-jack by the conductor. He jumped off the car, at the same time shooting the conductor in the arm and breast, wounding him se verely. Stewart fired at the Negro, but his shots did not take effect. Officer L. W. Whitley and Special Officer J<jhn Crenshaw were called. They made an investigation, but being unable to apprehend the Negro or any suspects no arrests were made. Pat O’Donnel Flays Maclay H o y n e Says State’s Attorney Protected Vice Responsible for County’s Crime. Sunday afternoon, the People’s Movement club was filled to overflow ing. Every seat was taken and even standing room was at a premium. Patrick H. O’Donnell, the fearless Irish orator unfolded his punch and read extracts and affidavits that showed beyond a reasonable doubt that ,Maclay Hoyne has been recreant to his trust and guilty of malfeasance. Tells of Vice Trusts. At length, he went into detail tell ing of the various vice trusts that for seven years have thrived under the states attorney’s nose. Among those named were the clairvoyants, hold-up men, burglars, wire tappers and day light bank robbers. He said that the state’s attorney had first knowledge of them all and ha. succeeded in get ting only one or two convictions. He stated further, that he could prove that those who were convicted, Hoyne got them out under the guise of using them as state witnesses or had them pardoned by the governor’s parole commission. Says Colored I’eople Must I-'ight Own Battles. With the eloquence of Erwin Burke, O’Donnell after characterizing himself as coming from fighting stock, said that the colored people should be chesty and proud of their country and of themselves, and should at once ar rive at the conclusion that their con clusion lies 99 per cent in their own hands; that white men did not respect one another when they did not exhibit certain inherent qualities of man hood and that it was illogical to conclude that they would respect or even would consider any other race who were minus these qualities. Receives Great Ovation. Mr. Bent, secretary to the grand jury, was seated upon the platform and was the first to grasp his hand after he had finished his timely and in- i structive speech. Like madmen rush ing at an alien enemy, the other dis tinguished visitors grasped the ora tor’s hands to commend him. People’s Movement Stages Big Meeting Geo. F. Harding, Jr., and Pat O’Donnell Speak. Sunday, Sept. 7, at the People’s Movement club, 3140 Indiana ave., one of the most interesting programs of the season was staged. George F. Harding and his long time rival, Oscar De Priest, shook hands after which the senator was introduced and commended the colored people for their choice for constitutional dele gates. I Delegates Talk. Rev. A. J. Carey, regular organiza tion candidate to the constitutional convention thrilled the audience with his eloquence and the inside informa tion concerning the convention after which Colonel Denison, who is the only colored candidate in the first district, spoke briefly of his platform and the necessity of sending as many compe tent colored men as possible to the state convention. Edward H. Morris, the People’s Movement candidate re ceived quite a loud ovation. He also made a pledge that if there were any jokers in the proposed changes that he could be relied upon to find them. Among the distinguished visitors present were, Mr. Brent, secretary to the special grand jury; James A. Scott, and others. Colored Soldier Shot to Death by Arkansas .Mob (Special to The Whip.) Pine Bllff, Ark., Sept. 13.—Flinton Briggs, 2C, a discharged Negro sol dier, just returned from overseas, was shot and killed by a mob three miles south of Star City, Ark., Monday after noon. According to reports, Briggs was walking along the sidewalk, when he met a white couple, and as he stepped to one side to let them pass, the white woman brushed into him and said, “Niggers get off of the sidewalk down here.” Briggs replied, that this was a free country. No sooner than he had made the remarks, the woman’s escort seized him. As he tusseled to get away from his opponent, othe^ whites going along the street quickly ganged around. Briggs was quickly thrust into a passing automobile and was taken about two or three miles out from town, followed by three or four car loads or white hoodlums. After the hoodlums had reached the edge of town, they found they could not secure a rope to lynch the inno cent soldier with, so they took auto mobile chains and chained him to a tree, after which he was made the target of forty or fifty rifle and re volver bullets. B>\_ 's’ body was found by a farmer, who rep id it to the authorities. The coroner, who held an inquest over the body, verdict was that he had come to his death by a mob of unknown persons. Up to the present writing nothing has been done to try to find a clue or no investigations have been started. Many colored farmers, who live around in the vicinity, have voiced their intentions of leaving, and many have already left for the North. National Race Con gress Greets Li beria's Pres. President Jernigan and Bishop Ross Extend Welcome in Name of 12,000,000 Negro Americans — United States Protectorate Wanted for Ger man-African Colonies. Special to The Whip. Washington, D. C., Sept. 13.—Wed nesday afternoon a delegation repre sent.ng the National Race Congress of America was cordially received at the Hotel Lafayette by President-Elect C. D. B. King of the Republic of Liberia, who is here on a special government mission and for observation and re cuperation, following long period of diplomatic service in Paris at the peace conference. The visiting party was made up of Rev. W. H. Jernigan, president' of the National Race Con gress; Bishop I. ty, Ross, of the A. IVf. Sf. church; Rev. J. Milton Waldron, Rev. H. J. Callis, Rev. W. J. Howard, Rev. Walter H. Brooks, Rev. W. A. Taylor, Prof. John R. Hawkins, execu tive secretary of the Emergency De fense Fund of the Congress; Rev. J. H. Randolph, Rev. J. L. S. Holloman, J. Finley Wilson and R. W. Thomp son. Each was introduced to Mr. King by Dr. Jernigan. An address welcoming the presi dent-elect to this country in the name of the National Race Congress of America and on behalf of the 12,000 000 colored citizens of the American Republic, was delivered by Bishop Ross, who was followed in similar vein by Dr. Waldron, Dr. Brooks, Dr. Callis and Prof. Ahw.;. They pledged the support v>' the colored people of the land to\ ..iy plan that might be devised looking to the uplift and development of their “Sister Re public” in far-off Africa, regarding Liberia as the “open door” through which the New World may enter the inner life of the “Dark Continent” and bring t^»»J“**vcn of a higher civili zation. Tly -e prop of Liberia’s wonderful \ ^ .ess as . recognized governmr' t, and “loved it next to their own country, because of its oneness with them in blood, re” -ion and language.” President-Elect King, j> pleasing personality and node;:” a'gnity, re sponded gracious) a ..ranked the visitors for ft* ■V urance ' sym pathetic interest. 'He was gratified to (Continued on page 9) SUBSCRIBE TODAY Cut Out the Coupon Below-Send Money Order or Stamps 1 ? Whip is the only colored paper you can rely upor for clean, wholesome news. It knows no compromise vT?*h justice. It is the only paper that presents without restrve the cause of the new Negro. 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