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.. . . . If It’s Not the Make America and ' i “Democracy” Safe ™” f for the Negro |^1 Nothi"8 to ft J * _ _Lnmm^_^wegggBMBBBgaa Vol 1-No 15 CHICAGO, ILL., SATURDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1919_ PRICE FIVE CENTS MOB RULE IN OMAHA-MAYOR HUNG FEDERAL TROOPS CONTROL SITUATION Wilson Not to Stop Colored Papers The soft pedal has been put on the fight against Negro journals claimed by Reprcsentat ve Byrnes of South Carolina to be seditious. The argu ments in the attack on these colored papers were to the effect that they \i were radical in the extreme and dan l gerous in their tendency to renew bloody outbreaks between the white and black races. Representative McDuffie of the First Alabama district, incensed by the contents of an issue of the Mes senger, interviewed the postmaster general in an effort to secure the sup pression of the periodical. He pointed out a cartoon representing a Negro driving an automobile through masses of fleeing whites, the Negro driving and shooting into the frantic crowds. Men falling were soldiers bearing service stripes. He pointed out edi torials in which the editor congratu lated the Negroes for their successful opposition to mobs in Washington and (ffTcago: ' Tib also pointed out a p»r. agraph in which it was said that in certain emergencies “a bullet is far more efficacious than a thousand prayers.” Burleson Called. Postmaster General Burleson was interviewed by Mr. McDuffie. He agreed with Mr. McDuffie that the publications were inflammatory. Re garding the interview, the Alabama mflmhpr said: ‘‘The postmaster general told me that he had been considering and was still considering the advisability of denying the mails to the Messenger and the Menace. He stated that the attorney general was also giving thought to the subject. He then de clared that the president had sug gested that no such action be taken at the present time. It is evidently another case of “watchful wi'ating.” The postmaster general was entirely sympathetic, for he feels, of course, just as all other southern men feel. Department of Justice Tried. From the postmaster general Mc Duffie went to Mr. Lamar of the department of justice, who is also an Alabamian. Mr. Lamar stated that he was giving these periodicals "earn est consideration.” He clearly stated that he was bewildered, because if any action were begun to suppress these papers the best argument would be on the side of the papers. Colored Papers Have Best of Fight. It was brought out in the course of the interview with Mr. Lamar that, although he was opposed to the pub lishing of these paeprs, they could in any contest of their right to publi cation state that they were simply attacking the lynching evil. This, of course, is a very embarrassing ques tion in Washington. Mr. Lamar stated his opinion that these journals would arouse considerable sympathy in the North. President Wilson Refuses to Act. The matter was brought to the at tention of President Wilson, who post poned any drastic action. Mr. Mc Duffie withheld a statement setting forth his opinion as to why the pres ident suggested a postponement of action against the Negro radical press. In all probability, however, the presi dent was moved through fear of the “unrest” which prevails everywhere in the United States. It was probably his opinion that it would be wiser to suffer the danger of such publications precipitating other riots throughout the United States than to force the radical Negro element of the North into the ranks of rebellious policemen, striking labor, pro-German agitators, Speedy Guaging of Spirits Now Allowed by the United States Not a Sign of End to Ban on Liquor, Commissioner Says. Permission for immediate guaging of any beverage spirits now deposited in warehouses has been given by the commissioner of internal revenue, ac cording to work received by Elwpod Hamilton, collector of internal revenue for Kentucky, yesterday. Assent was given on requests for immediate guaging of beverage spirits in bond to facilitate rapid tax payment and withdrawal of spirits in the event the ban of wartime prohibition is lifted. The commissioner of internal reve nue takes care, however, to disillusion hopes of those who interpret the au thorization as a sign that wartime prohibition soon will end. “It must not be inferred,” states the commis sioner, "that this office is in possession of any information leading to belief that the ban of wartime prohibition will be lifted in the near future or at any other time, nor will it be regarded, as a precedent or authorization for any other guaging than that contem plated for facilitating withdrawal in event of the lifting of the ban. “Under the Act of Nov. 21, 1918, withdrawal of distilled spirits from warehouses for beverage purposes is prohibited except for export, and no modification of this prohibition is con templated or authorized hereby.” All Right for ' fe to Love °^ard £ Not to Call H. .1 Papa” Akron, 0., Oct. 1.—Stephen Bishop could stand his wife being infatuated with the star boarder, whose name he doesn’t know, but when his wife taught his three children to call the boarder “papa” and ignore the pres ence and authority of their own fath er, Stephen says he had more than he could bear. He asks for a divorce on that ground. Returned Soldier Is Charged With Assault Montgomery, Ala., Oct. 1.—Bert King, Negro chauffeur, a returned soldier, living in Montgomery for the past month, was arrested early this morning charged with making an at tempt at assault on a young white woman here last night. She was on her way to the offices of the Bell Tele phone company, where she is an op erator on the night shift. King is alleged to have embraced her. She identified him and he was rushed to another city for safe keep ing by Sheriff Scoggin. sleepless I. VV. W.’s, extreme social ists and professional anarchists. The prevailing opinion in Washing ton is that the action of the president is due to the danger of sovietism, bolshevism and actual revolution in the United States. The president, it is indicated, is moved through desire to compose the discordant elements rather than crush them with an iron hand. There are many members of congress who believe the president is on the proper track. There are others who compare his course in the present emergency to his course in dealing with Mexico, a course apparently characterized by a lack of “punch” and aggressiveness. Wallace Reid will continue with Fa mous Players-Lasky, having recently attached his signature to a five years’ starring contract . Negro Preacher Says Stay South Arkansas Gazette Organizes Good Negroes. Little Rock, Ark., Sept. 29.—All port, Ark., in the center of a tract of 37,000 acres of the richest land of Lonoke county, and restricted in its future growth only by the limits of that large acreage, was presented here yesterday as the “promised land” of the Arkansas Negro by the Rev. A. Amos, Negro “elder” and the rul ing spirit of the colony. The “elder” came here to see a state legislature in action, and having seen it, he is ready to resume his campaign among his people to dissuade them from leaving the South and to resume his preaching of the doctrine of co-operation be tween the Negroes and the white peo ple of the nation. “Elder” Amos, who has been lead er of his race for many years, brought an interesting story of the develop ment of a Negro polony at Alport and told of the methods pursued and his goal in his life work, which he says is to make Allport the best Negro settlement in the nation, a work which he has well under way, according to his own vivid description. Temporar ily he is neglecting the colony to bat tle what he calls a vicious propagan da which is seeking to create unrest among his people and to increase fric tion between the white and Negro races. The “elder’s” mission is to preach contentment to his people, to allay the discord between the races and to make this a “happy South land for the white people and the Negroes.” He has held 64 meetings among the Negroes and will hold many more throughout the state. His work has been endorsed by Governor Brough and by many other white peo ple of the state. is a ury v_oiony. But the lecture tour is merely a side line to the building of Allport, where the Negro is to be taught good citizenship, thrift, industry, sobriety and Christian living, where idleness is frowned upon, where immorality is not tolerated and from which booze in all forms is barred. The “elder” says that none of his colonists will ever get (Continued on Page 3.) Held for Thefts New Orleans, La., Oct. 1.—Jesse Fletcher, colored, 7800 Olive street, driver for the Salmen Brick and Lum ber company, was arrested early Thursday on a charge of petty lar ceny. It is alleged that Fletcher has been stealing lumber and selling it. Jake Meter, 506 So. Cortez st., iden tified the Negro as the man from whom he recently, purchased lumber. George Haine, 1710 Hospital st., driver for the Colonial Furniture company, was arrested Wednesday on a charge of petty larceny growing out of the alleged theft of two matting rugs and three small velvet rugs, valued at $26. It is charged that Haine stole the rugs from the store. Held for Selling Dope Omaha, Neb., Oct. 1.—Charles Mar tin was arraigned before United States Commissioner McLaughlin yes terday on a charge of selling dope, and was bound over to the grand jury. Fannie Ward will appear in the first of the six motion pictures to be pro duced in Paris by William A. Brady in association with the Film d’Art. Three Charged With the Theft of $1,085 B. T. Morgan, his wife, Mrs. Ethel Morgan and Sam Tillman, Negro bell boy at the Adolphus hotel, were charg ed by affidavit yesterday with the theft of $1,085 and a diiunond ring from William F. Hollaway last Saturday night. The charges were sworn to by City Detective Henderson and are filed in Justice of the Peace Alex ander’s court. T. G. Dickson, another bellboy is charged with receiving and concealing stolen property in connec tion with the same affair. Sues for Damages Beatrice, Neb., Oct. 1.—Suit was brought by attorneys of Harvey Clay ton, the Negro boy who was shot and seriously wounded Wednesday as he and his wife were en route home in an automobile by John Foose, demented hermit, for $35,250 for permanent in juries. Money in the bank belonging to Foose was also attached. Clayton is in a hospital in a critical condition. Pbli<deman Shot Jacksonville, Fla., Sept. 26.—Charles j F. Turknett, policeman, died early to j day of wounds received shortly after i midnight in a pistol duel with Claude Howell, whom he was attempting to arrest. Howell escaped but was found today hiding in the home of a colored man near' the scene of the shooting. He was suffering from a broken wrist which was struck by a bullet fired by Turknett and also was shot in the side by the policeman. The grand jury now in session to investigate the recent lynching of two Negroes here, was instructed by the court to take up Howell’s case imme diately with a view to bringing about a speedy trial of the man. Alabama Has Lynch ing Fit; Three Are Lynched in 12 Hours (Special to The Whip.) Montgomery, Ala., Oct. 1.—A mob of twenty-five white ruffians and hood lums broke into a hospital and from his dying bed, dragged John Temple to the street and brutally murdered him. Temple was accused of wound ing a policeman, who had kicked and cursed him in a dance hall melee. Soldier Lynched. Robert Crosby, a discharged soldier was shot to death about five miles from the city a few hours earlier, ac 1 cused of insulting white women. Cros by, with another colored man was forced to run the gauntlet and were killed in a barbarous Indian style. A special jury will be called to in vestigate. Negroes are greatly per turbed and all quit work. Great num bers are boarding western and north ern trains. New Jersey Mob Mad; Lynching Planned Merchantville, N. J., Oct. 1.—A mob of blood thirsty citizens of Merchants ville are scouring the outlying dis trict for a colored man accused of at tacking Mrs. Notsey, white. The sheriff of Burlington county is also leading a posse in search of the alleged criminal. Citizens avow that the man will be lynched but the au thorities declare that no cruelty will be tolerated. According to the police, the wound ed man, has been identified as a farm hand employed near the scene of the i assault. Sayt Man Killed Train Conductor Lincoln, Neb., Sept. 30.—Leon Dar ling, the Negro accused of killing Con ductor Massey of the Union Pacific, was sought by a posses of lynchers, but Warden Fenton of the state pen itentiary foiled them at the point of his Winchester. Darling denied the murder and repudiates an alleged con fession. Feeling in Grand Island is high, but the authorities are deter mined to perform their duty. Providence Acts to Avoid Race Riots Great Meeting Called of Negroes and Whites. Providence, R. I., Oct. 2.—An ap peal to help preserve order here and keep Providence from experiencing such conditions as Boston is meeting with was made by Mayor Gainer last evening in speaking before an audience of four hundred persons who had gath ered at the State Armory for a public reception and grand victory celebra tion to honor colored soldiers and sail ors who have returned from the world war. I Addressing his \ narks to the col ored soldiers and sailors in uniform, some of them veterans of the Civil war, drawn up in line before the plat form, the mayor said: “You have sac riced just as much, no more and n<5 less, than the other men who went to war. You don’t need anybody’s ap preciation. You have the appreciation of the city, the state, the United States and of the world for what you have done. "There tsn t anything 1 would take for the part I had played in the war if I had been one of you boys. I ask you to bring back into civilian life the same high spirit you showed in war. You men who have been in tht army know what discipline does. You couldn’t have won without it. Mayor and Lieutenant Governor Speak "Look at the city of Boston today. No police force and little protection 1 from mob violence. God grant on such conditions ever come to the city of Providence. I want you to go out deter mined that Providence will never yield her high place among the cities of the country. Help preserve peace here.” The meeting at the armory followed a parade through the downtown streets and a dinner in the Odd Fel lows hall, Cranston st. The veterans and Boy Scouts performed morching ' maneuvres in the armory as a prelim j inary to the reception. President I Thomas Henry Brown of the colored citizens’ welcome home committee pre sided. John C. Minkins of the finance com mittee spoke and introduced Lieuten ant Governor San Souci, who extended the welcome of the state in behalf of Governor Beckman. Remarks were also made by John B. Edwards, Dr. James A. Gilbert and C. Thomas Pier son, participants in the ceremonies. I Professor Payne’s chorus sang. White and Colored Mix Without Trou ble. “Whenever the United States has been plunged in war,” said the Lieu tenant Governor, “the colored people have always given a good account of themselves. I come from a race of people who respect a man no matter what his color. I am a member of a faith that extends its arms to colored as well as white men. I admire many traits in the colored man and believe in his education. You witness here in Providence the mingling of the black and white man. Has there been any trouble ? No. These boys showed the Hun across the water that although their skins 2 Killed and 48 Wounded Before Riot Had Stopped Omaha, Neb., Sept. 30.—Mayor Ed P. Smith was nearly lynched when he refused to surrender William Brown, colored, to a mob of bloodthirsty hood lums here Sunday night. The mayor was strung up with a rope, the end of which was thrown over a tele graph pole. When cut down by po licemen he was unconscious. The new ?1,500,000 court house is badly damaged, having been fired by the mob when it was denied possession of William Brown, who was charged with a criminal attack on a white girl. The mob, not satisfied with almost killing the city’s chief executive, marched toward the home of Police Commissioner Dean Ringer. In order to get to the home of the chief the mob had to pass through a colored neighborhood. They got within three blocks of the said Negro section when the cowardly mob, led by more cow ardly leaders, thought that it would be safer if they turn back. This they did. Brown is one of the many race men who has been accused of assaults on young white women during the past six weeks. Any young girl who was looking for notoriety through the press would claim that she had been attacked by a colored man. After bringing the said man to court the evidence was so flimsy the accused was either given a light sentence or freed. Mayor Smith owes his election to the better class of whites and Negroes, who were tired of the old regime of wide open gambling, houses of vice and hold-ups. Early in the afternoon a small crowd gathered in front of the court house. As the afternoon wore on the crowd, chiefly boys, was augmented steadily until several thousand men, women and boys had assembled. At 6 were black they fought with a cleaner hand and heart than he. I feel that a substantial bonus will be provided for every man who took part in the war.” March to Armory. The colored soldiers and sailors marched through the streets of the city to the Cranston street armory early last evening. Two automobiles containing Grand Army veterans were in the parade. Formation of the parade took place on BenefV’ st., the members then turn ing down aterman st. hill, through Exchange pi., Dorrance st. and West minster st. to the armory. The parade was led by Chief Mar shal B. T. Montgomery, followed by a squadron of mounted police. A pla o’clock a small boy threw a stone and broke a window in the court house. The act was a signal for a shower of missiles. News of the rioting soon spread and a crowd of 35,000 gathered in the streets around the city hall. From a building across the street someone threw a firebrand through a window of the building and a small blaze started. The mayor attempted to quell the disturbance, but he was soon disposed of by the mob, who marched into the court house to the fifth floor, where Brown was turned over to them by the other colored prisoners in the jail. In an attempt to save the prisoners from the flames the sheriff had taken them to the roof of the building. While there he, with the white pris oners, had to fight the colored pris oners to keep them from throwing Brown over the roof to the rioters. Brown’s body was riddled with bul lets, ttrung to a telegraph pole and burned. It was then tied to the rear of an autoipobile and dragged through the streets. Many of the hoodlums insisted that they take it through the black belt. They started in the direc tion of the colored section, but soon changed their course when they were told that the Negroes were heavily armed and were waiting for them. An appeal was sent to the secretary of war for troops and General Wood was ordered to Omaha with two regi ments of regular soldiers drawn from Camp Grant, Fort Omaha and Fort Crook. The colored people in the colored residential districts are all heavily armed and are all banded together to protect their homes. The riot’s toil is as follows: Two killed (one white and one colored), and forty-eight wounded. toon of Boy Scouts came next, after which came the machines with the vet erans of the Civil war. Then followed the band, about 125 soldiers bearing overseas service stripes, and automo biles containing guests of honor. Drink Hairoil at Your Own Risk, Court Holds Mobile, Ala., Oct. 1.—Frank Corso, who sold hair tonic to two men who were blinded by drinking it, will not be held responsible to the courts, it was announced today. Corso, it was stated, cannot be held responsible for what the men did with the hair tonic after ft sold it. 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