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The Lock of Hair. BY OFOROE tl. PRENTICE. How often has this lovely carl Been bound with flowers and decreed with pearl— How oft round snowy fingers twined— How oft wooed by the timorous wind— And. oh I how oft at midnight hone, When slumber reigned in hall and bower. This curl, soft-nost!ed like a dove, Has heard the whispered dreams of love! This lovely tress —this raven tress— That oft to heart and lip I press; I know not it it used to deck The Parian whiteness of her neck, o’er her blue-veined temple strayed, Or on her I e ming brow was laid. Or fell i pon the stainless snow TK her young cheek—l only know It is the loveliest of curls. And from the loveliest of girls! Ay. 'tis a thing to love and bless, This little dark and shining tress; t)ark as the midnight forest's g'Cori, Hark as tlie tenlpest spirit’s plume. bark as the stern Death- Angel's seal, Bnt shining as the battle steel, And shfe, by whom tills gem was given. Seems to my heart a thing of HeavCn— An angel dieam —agentie dove Sent forth from God's own ark of love— A aision come from paradise Awhile togladde . tal eyes— A star, of "area s own star the pride. Glassed in the dark world’s stormy tide. Attf.mp to Black-Mail.—' The following incident occurred in this city a day or two since, and it will serve to show one of the ef fects of a licentious press. A gentleman of this slate, who has been so fortunate as to become tbe object of attack from certain licen tious papers, lately received a number of com htdnicationa from tin anonymous source, sta ting that the Writer had collated all the mali cious Changes that had been uttered against 1 him, and unless the gentleman paid Itor the ex-1 emption, he might expect to see them again published, with additions of his own manufjc-; lure. For some time the recipient of these ; picasant missives, paid no other attention to them, until they at last became really annoy- j ing from their frequency and importunity, when he stated the facts to the detectives, ' Johnson and Lees. These officers advised him : to write an answer, proposing an interview and assenting to the terms of the writer. The ruse , succeeded. A day. hour and place were named,! and the officers snugly ensconced themselves in the selected apartment prior to tbe arrival of the parlies. True to their appointment both came, when the gentleman found himself con fronted by an old State Brisco bird, whom he bad befriended in early times, before becoming a resident at San Quentin. The intended vic tim reproached the rascal with his ingratitude, and was cooly answered, that this was a mat ter of business. and had nothing to do with ii - gratitude. Here is your money, said the gen tleman, now give me your documents. The I fellow handed out a lot of newspaper articles,: and took the money ; but just as he turned to i depart in triumph, he was suddenly stupified. as if smitten with a mildew, at finding himself face to face with the detectives, who quickly relieved him of his villainous gains; and on - ;searching bis portion, discovered a large quails tity of other scurrilous articles and documents, which he evidently intended to preserve for a future occasion of like character. The scoun drel beat a hasty retreat, very much accelera ted by the propulsive power of the officer's boot.— 6’. F. Hcrahl. lath: Xkw York Rowdyism.— The most outra geous actions are almost daily perpetrated in the vicinity of New York, upon picnic par ties, by rowdies who obtrude themselves upon the excursionists. The most offensive language is used toward the ladies by these viliians. and the air is oppressed with their profanity. They destroy the expected pleasures of the excur sion; and before the parly returns to the city they set into the most brutal lights and attack, without provocat on, the peaceful and defence less gentleman of the company. On a recent occasion of this kind, a gentleman who was en feebled by ill-health was set upon by a number of these ruffians, and, in the presence of his wile and children, beaten and mutilated to such a degree that his nearest friends could not re cognize him. Kven women and children do not escape the violence of these viliians, but are often attacked by them and subjected to the most shameful brutalities, it has, in fact, become a too dangerous piece ol business for a company of well disposed people to seek re laxation from exhausting cares or labors in an excursion of picnic near this city, unless scru pulous cure be exercised in evading the espion age and attendance of the viliians who are con stantly lying in wait for the opportunists which such pleasure parties afford for the per petrator of their ruffianly crimes. Tiik New Orleans Bee, giving an account of the arrival in ihat city ol Billy Bowlegs, thus notices a visit made by him to the Mu seum : “We learn from Billy Bowlegs' own lips, whiie he was at the Museum, that he killed 100 men in one day with his own baud' Ihe waxen representation of Generals Scott and Taylor in the Museum attracted his special ad miration. ‘They were great men,' he said, “fought him mighty hard.’ As for General Harney, ot whom a visitor reminded him. lie said, he made him run, ha. ha! He look quite a fancy to the waxen figure of Mrs. Cunning ham's 'blessed baby," * twas ids lit'le son M il ley.' he said, and be evinced his begging pro pensity by asking for it—a request which \ an nuchy had to deny He was particularly car most in his inquiries about Washington and walked »p close to the figure of the Father of his country to examine it minutely. As he came out of the Museum he was introduced to his Honor, Mayor Waterman, and other pro minent citizens." “Bowlegs is about sixty. He is represent ed to be a great imbiber of spirits, and a most inveterate beggar. A Member of tuk British Parliament tl-rned Actor. —The following odd anm unce ment appears in the London Morning Adver tiser. “We understand that Mr. John Townsend. M. P. for Greenwich, has been offered and ac cepted an engagement at one of the Metropo litan theatres, at a salary of 25 pounds per week. Mr. Townsend's engagement is (or 50 nights. Though the fact is not generally known, Mr. Townsend has. on various occa sions, represented with decided success some of Shakespeare's principal characters in fur therance of the cause of charity. In the pre sent case he is to appear, we are told, on the histrionic boards for the sole purpose of assist ing in the liquidation of the claims of bis cred itors—the only consideration, jye are assured, which could have induced him to accept the offer made to him. As a preliminary step, he will at once resign his seat in the House of commons. Fatal Accident. —A man named Charles Jones was instantly killed, on Monday last, while adjusting a belt at the Novo River Lum ber Mills. THE WEEKLY BUTTE RECORD. The Overland Route. The following interesting description of a trip to Salt Lake, by the Overland Mail Route, is clipped from the Alta's correspondence; We crossed the Twenty-Six Mile Desert the road passing over a plain of deep sand, ! across and through which the horses have to I walk slowly ; the sun pouring down great heat upon us. and the mountains oh both sides hav ing a black, burnt appearance, as if just emerged from the depth of a volcanic tire. | Sage bushes grew around ns. We crossed an ■ alkali fiat, three and a half miles, over a road hard and smooth—not a sign of vegetation 1 upon it, and looking like a lake. Having j crossed the desert, we struck the river again. ! at dark got supper, and pushed on again, over I twenty miles more of desert, to Ragtown, once I famous fur its cotton houses and bad w hiskey— where speculators assembled to buy the weary animals and broken Wagons of emigrants. Tt is said ohe time to have contained thirty whiskey shops, and was broken up by famine and disease in 1854. There is h large cluster Of graves hoar by. which are said 10 have been dug chiefly by bad whiskey. At present, Hag town consists of one house and a blacksmith : shop, a watermelon patch ai d a haystack. ' The good wife who occupies the house is pa- ' tienl and atient ve, and receives the respectful thanks of all travelers. This was the lust town i the last spot dignified with the name—and almost the last root there was to greet imreycs. But we did not regret leaving it—we only re gretted that we were obliged to tarry until daylight. This was the sum of ow first day’s ride, eighty-eight miles from Vai. ie’s. On tie morning of the Bth wc started out | to cross the desert forty miles ttie to sink. The first fifteen miles are slightly elevated, and the road is through a continuous lead ol deep, heavy sand. At noon we were ha’f way across and stopped to exchange animals, which had , been sent on for us from Ragtown the night i previous. The road then is hard and smooth lor the greater portion of the way, but the plain around for thousands of acres together is leafless and lifeless, white arid plains, without water, upon which the son glarcr. And here, I too. over this whole forty miles, are the signs of wreck and ruin which has fallen upon the unfortunate emigrants in past years Heaps of bones lie eveiywhere, and everywhere are the iron remnants of wagons. It is estimated 1 that ten thousand tons of wagon irons are ly ing in the sands on that desert ; and ilicre are i ox chains enough, unbroken, to form a conlin- j nous line to Salt Lake. This forty miles is i the terror of the whole route, and no wonder. These bleaching bones and rusty irons are evi (fences the sight of which makes one wish to hurry on, and not feel safe until they no longer I greet the eye. I never saw a desert before, | ami I do not wish to see another. CHANGE OF SCF.NE. Sept. 10.—The country today begins to assume a more living appearance. The alkali has nearly disappeared, and the river bottom is well covered with grass. The mountains also present some signs of vegetation. There were men on horseback to-day, driving six mules badly worried out. 11th—I-ast night was cold, and to keep warm I arose and built a huge fire. We were harnessed and (S at 8 A. M.. and soon after leaving camp at a bend in the river, came upon a band of 300 I’ah-nte Indians, nearly all standing along the roadside, begging for to bacco or some other trash. They are mostly naked, and claim to be fiiendly, They are I lift, largest Indian nation on the continent, and oc cupy a very large extent of the country, name ly, trom the Oregon line to the Mohave, and Irom Carson Valley to 170 miles up the Hum boldt. They are said to be govern dby one great chief, and are always at war with the Shoshones, their neighbors, whom they uni formly conquer in battle. \Vc are now upon the dispute i territory between the two nations, where most of their conflicts take place. This evening we camped at five, in one of the most delightful spots in the world. A meadow' spreads out before us, clothed with a heavy growth of excellent grass, which is being cut and stacked for the company s stock, at sl3 SO per ton, on the ground. After our long, dusty ride, it was delightful to bathe in the Humboldt, and rest upon the sweet-scented, new-mown hay. We had now passed the point ot division into the enemies' country, and to-night commences our fir.-t guard. Five Shoshor.es are in camp—dark, ugly-looking fellows, at first claiming to be Pab-ules. Th y are ouly hungry, and eat all that is given them. The sun set afforded a magnificent dis play of prismatic colors, through the light clouds which gathered in the afternoon, We rode over a good deal of alkali today—forty miles from Alex. Chevarnue's. THE MOST DANGEROUS FOIST OS THE ROUTE. 12th—At 2A. M,, started and rode 28 miles to breakfast, over a level plain, and an excellent road keeping close together, to avoid an attack. (Jar train now consisted of two carriages, drawn by four mules each, seven men on mules, driving five loose animals. Af ter breakfast we rode on a good road. 25 miles, to Rocky Point, arriving at sunset. Indians on foot and horseback came out to meet us on the road, following us for a long distance. They said they wished to be friendly with the whites. They nad not attack' dan American this season, alt hough the mail rider had re cent I v killed two of their warriors, in cold bh'Od. while they were quietly fishing. It was the Bunaks who robbed the mail. They were thieves, and very strong. The win : and left us, except one, before we came iato camp. He came along ar.d wished toremain with us— said we must be watchful, as there were bad Indians close by, who would run off our ani mals. He also w ished to travel up the river with us, as far as his father's. Rocky Point is a high, rocky bluff upon the river bank. The road follows near the river, where there is good grass. A lew miles be low is a large village of Shoshones, and their tbeivish dispositions renders this point one of the most dangerous on the road for a night camp. These Indians have uniformly com mitted depredations upon travelers. Last fall a woman was seal ed by them. She escaped, and now lives near Sacramento. Her sclap was afterwards recovered from the Indians. We had one wild mule in our train, that was considered of little account, except that she could scent an Indian a long way off. and on such occasions would blow her nose with great shrillness. While talking with an In dian visitor, the mule had strayed down upon the river's bank, some distance. Suddenly he gave two loud snorts, and came charging into camp, with head and tail erect. The whole fifteen of us were instantly on our feet, with weapons cocked. The mule was still restless, ar.d was petting up a movement among the others, when our visitor whose bearing was more acute than ours, cried out. “they are coming, look out.” He then called out to the approaching party, cautioning them that they would all be killed os we were on guard and all armed. They stopped, and we improved the opportunity in hitching up our teams, and leaving a camp which threatened so much in convenience. As we left, several signal fires shot up from the hill tops across the river. Our visitor, also left us now, saying he most go home. We traveled on some nine miles, and cam[icd with a company of 14 emigrants, remaining until daylight without further alarm. 62 miles, to-day. On the 13th, we traveled six miles and reach ed Gravelly Ford, the first crossing of the Humboldt, considered as nearly the half-way OEOYILLE, SATURDAY MORNING. OCTOBER 23, 1858. ! point. I make it 466 miles from Placervii'e. ; Passing the Ford, the road became roogh and rrcky. The mountains always have the same black volcanic look. Passed three trains of cattle with several emigrants. At oor eve ning camp, old Xim-i-tu-soh. grand chief of the Shoshones, came in naked. He is a large bodied, wide-mouthed, ugly looking fellow, and only w ished lor a shirt. At 16 miles above Gravelly Fi rd> we pass ed another mail trom Salt Lake, conducted by John Mayfield. At sunset, we started out to travel by the light of the young moon, through a seven mile canon. It was not a Very rough road, though it required careful driving. The moon went down at nine, but it continued warm and pleasant till quite late. We camp ed at ten P. M. 35 miles, to-day. 14lh—At daylight, started off over a good but dusty road, till 8 A. M.. when we stopped and made coffee. By the wayside, we passed the hot springs, boiling and steaming. Sage hens are abundant, also rabbits. All this val ley is covered with any quantity of grass. W’e picked up a broken down mule, left by the mail yesterday, but after driving it a few miles, were obliged to leave the poor tiling to eat glass or he eaten by Indians. It ig rather dull times— some of us are getting rat Ker tired of the long drives nights and days. To-night, we are camped a mile from the river, 85 miles above Gravelly Ford. There are no prettier camp ing grounds in the world than are to be found on this river. The only limber is small wil lows, but there is plenty of wood for camp fires, fine sweet water and good grass. At sunset, were off again, and had not proceeded far, ere the front guard cried out “Close up 1 close up ! Indians! Indians I” and then there was a yell and a rush for arms ; but we were greatly relived to see that w were only ap proaching a camp of emigrants, who thought to frighten us a little by yelling like devils. They were very unwise in this, for some of our party Were about firing into them. They were 43 men a.,d 10 women, and told ns tocxpect a fight soon, as less than an hour they saw fifty Indians cross the road to the right on horseback, at the very spot where the mail was robbed last time. Alter examining our fire-arms, we closed up and went on to a small island in the river, which is here becoming a small stream, ai d which formed a triangular field, two sides of which were protected by the river. A double guard was placed and an anxious night was passed, but no further alarm occurred. 15th—At daylight we were ofT arid made 16 miles to the foot of Rocky canon, where we ate breakfast by the side of Rocky canon creek in a boauli'ul valley, with plenty of hare, sage hens, coyotes, Ac. There was a small patch of old snow on the mountains to the right. We have now reached the head waters of the Humboldt, along whose banks we have traveled some 335 miles. It is a remarkable rivt r. and more sinuous than a snake. Its val ley is not wide, but it runs all over it. drab ling back upon it in every form. Were its course straight. I think its length would ex ceed 1,100 miles. When the rains fall it over flows it banks and becomes a roaring torrent. Its waters, from the sink up, a hundred miles or more, are brackish from the immense quan tities of alkali that abounds in the soil, but as you ascend it, the waters become pure and limpid, and very refreshing to thirsty travelers. We arc waiting here under the shade of the willows, while Jerome Davis anl Ira mend the wagon. Half the company are asleep. The sun is hot; the wind is like a zephyr. There must •*»>• great ele<*ntioh to this valley, 'the mountains do not seem to be very high, but they have a bleak, desolate appearance, with only a few green spots, as if just laid bare by recently melted snows. It is a pleasant coun try to look at in the day time, but the nights are dismally cold, and the whole place perfect ly inhospitable. What object will this coun try ever subserve, except as a highway for passengers to hurry over ? Who knows? Our supper cam]) was at a beautiful spring, the head waters of the west branch of the Humboldt. To roach it, we came through Rocky canon, a rugged road full of boiling, bubbling springs. The valley before us is a fine camping ground. At sunset, started out. and, walking up a three mile hill, descended into Thousand Spring valley, where wc camped at 10 P. M. To night signalized my watch by falling into the brook. On the 16th, at Alkali Spring, met the Sixth Regiment of Infantry, under Col. An drews and Col. Hoffman. The command con sists of 330 privates, teamsters and others, amounting to 1000 men, and 156 wagons drawn by 1000 animals, bound for Oregon by way of Benicia. They were followed by 125 beef cattle, and a hand of 130 bead of mules. We mot them in camp sixteen miles from Goose creek. The object of going by this route is to avoid the deep snows on the Port Hall road. Wc have seen no Indians to-day. To night, at sunset, we were in sight of the dreaded Goose creek mountains, whe.e we have been told to expect an attack. We camped in a little valley on a fork of Goose creek. ITtb.—Drove out of the little valley early, through a very rocky canon, breaking both hounds of the mail carnage, and rendering it perfectly unmanageable. Dragging it tour miles further, we camped to cat. and arrange for the new difficulties that beset us. Having packed all our traps upon one stage, and di vided the company, leaving three of the party and four mules to take care of the broken car riage. we traveled on to the foot < f the Goose creek mountains, and stopped there to devise ways and means. After extinguishing the fire in the grass, which the wind was driving with great furry, it was decided to send an ex press for mules to the next station, or to meet Mr. Hunt, who was reported to be on the road just beyond the mountains, with fresh animals. Our mules were nearly worn out. Some of them have come from the Sink,over4oo miles, and all of them over 250. We could not pro ceed much further without a relay, and we were still over 200 miles from Salt laike. Mr. Long was to ride the express, and 1 was to go across the mountains with him to bring back the extra mule be would ride to the summit. The Goose creek mountains do not seem to oe high, but they are singular in their forma tion. Many of the summits being isolated, with steep precipitous sides and fiat tops, like tables, growing scrub cedars in small quanti ties. It was called seven miles to the summit. There were two or three bad places, but they were short. Plenty of water bursting out in cool springs, away up where snow was, and sending its cooling currents all the way down to revive tbe weary and thirsty. Right in the midst of the hills is a beautiful little valley, with good grass, through which one of these little streams course. There are marks of camp fires all along. There is infinite pleasure in finding the precious element on these dusty roads. From the summit we had a fine view of the country we bad left, and of the valley into which we were to descend. The road to it was good and of gentle descent. The face of tbe eastern slope is handsomely diversified by patches of green grass, and groves of small fir trees, presenting a strong contrast to the dry brown grass which covers all the rest of the earth. We descended about a mile to R r ck spring, a stream of water oozing from under a big rock by the road side, where Mr. L- exchanged mules and left me alone. Here I remained with my two mules alone, three full hours, by ' moonlight, waiting for the train to come np. I Xo live thing came near me. except a little red fox. that fled affrighted when he discover ;ed his proximity to me. To us the Indian dangers thus far. except at Rocky Point, have 1 all been anticipation. After the wagon came np. we rode on 40 miles further, and camped at Horse creek, at a quarter past 12, just as the moon went down. This night we kept no gnard, and we had no danger. CAPT. HAWES 1 'COMMAND. 18tb.—Rode fast over a pood road, till we came to Beautiful valley, which stretches far above and below, of magnificent proportions, but without a tree or Arub to obstruct the vision. At the head ot the valley by a tire some sandy road, we approach Rocky spring creek, and camped. Here we found a detach ment of military, under command of Captain Hawes, 160 strong, consisting of a squadron of dragoons and company Fifth Infantry, un der Lieut. Lewis, going (town the Humboldt as for a? Rocky Point, to’ look after the Indians. They will not see any Indians when they get there, but they could do much worse than to go there, for there is many a poor fellow pn the road wishing the soldiers would coroe, GEN. HI’KT COMES TP. Soon after wo stopped, came np my old friend, Gen. Jefferson Hunt, bringing the fresh mules we were so anxious to find. He was going out w ith Barney Ward to establish the post beyond the Goose creek mountains. We bad a long talk upon politic# and old times. In the course of the talk. I told him that he was charged by some of the California papers w ith having been bribed into the support of Broderick, by the promise if B. was elected Senator, he would favor the re-appointment of Brigham Young as Governor of Utah, ike. This charge the old General pronounced an unmitigated lie. He supported Broderick be cause he liked the man, and disliked Gwin.and that never a word passed between bint and B. concerning future favors,during the entire can vase for Senator. It was a base slander, and 1 he wished it might be denied in his name. I The General has been belied upon other points; but all who know him, know that he is a good , citizen, a patriot and an honorable man. I While he resided in California, no one can charge him with neglecting cither hi# public or private duties. He is now one of the joint contractors for carrying the mail from this city to Placerville, and is exerting himself with much zeal to put the road in good traveling condition Along with Gen. Hunt, goes out Mr. Dodge, recently appointed by Gov. Gumming sub-In dian Agent for Carson Valley. Dr. Forney, also, the Indian Agent for Utah, was along, going down to visit the Indians on the Humboldt, whom he has too long delayed visiting. I have not time now to write of the charge# that have been made against the doc tor. He denies them all, and 1 will give him the credit of the denial another time. We procured six fresh mules from Gen. Hunt, and pursued our way with such eager ness that, at the end of 25 miles, near Deep creek valley, we broke down—could not wag a step further, and were obliged to unharness, and give mules a chance to recover. In two ; hours we harnessed up, and reached Hensley's spring at 9 I’. M., 36 miles from Rocky creek. We were now 115 miles from our destina tion, and we resolved to go in as soon as possi ble. Starting at 12, and rode ail night. Saw the two comets—one going east, the other west—and watched the brilliant corruscalions and jets of the Aurora IXWt’tni?; • ' » TUK MALADE AND BEAR RIVERS. On the morning of the 19th, about sunrise, we rode down into the valley ol the Malade, or Bad river, a brackish, miry little stream, not over 25 feet across, which prcsen'ed the worst obstacles we had yet encountered. We had a wise grey mule, that knew the bottom of (ho mud, and whom we sent back and forth to bridge passengcrs.and show the way to other animals, all of which was accomplished in an hour, without accident. The water is about four feet deep. This Vfalnde river runs paral lel with Bear river lor a longdistance, in the same valley, about four miles distant, and emp ties into llic Bear river before the latter reach es Salt Lake. Both these rivers rise in the Bocky Mountains, and their separate canons are very distinct in the north. There is no timber upon the banks of either, and the view up and down is unobstructed. Bear river is a fine bold stream, which at this season is ford (d with case. In winter, both the streams are impassable, and to avoid them, the company's agent here, Mr. Dan Taft, is making ar: ige ments to establish a lerry below the junction of the Malade, by which he will save 25 miles of travel over a bad road. IBs route will in tersect the old road at a point some 12 miles below Hensley's springs. Another exploration of Mr. Taft—that which shortens the route some 200 miles, by avoiding the Goose creek mountains—you have already published. These explorations will be continually made, until the road to California becomes as near as may be a straight line. At Dear river we were 80 miles distant, but it was over a good road, and through the set tlements, where we could get many comforts. The first town is Box Elder, on a creek of the same name. Just before we reached this place, we met Hobert Clift and eight men, going out to establish another post on the dreaded Goose creek. Box Elder was to have been a walled city, and embrace an area of one mile square. The walls were to have been of stone, laid in ce ment. six feet high and three feet thick at the base. I .urge piles of rocks are scattered all along the line. It was not more than half finished before it was abandoned, as an enter prise too great for the poor and sparse popula tion. The houses are of small adobes, and there is room for about two hundred inhabi tants. There is a council house of adobes, two stories high. The bishop> is Calvin Xich ols. The town has an unthrifty look, as if it had recently been deserted. Willow City is next, and has a beautiful lo cation, close under the brow of a grand old mountain. As we drove through the town, we had a glimpse of some very pretty girls or wives—a subject upon which we very soon got into a discussion. Ibis town has adobe walls, but are incomplete. It is 65 miles from the city. Snow remains all winter. Ogden Hole, a small town under the moun tain. we pursue to the left. Ogden City, the most impoaant of the northern settlemen's, is next. It is partially walled with adobes, and has manv respectable buildings, but it has a decavcd appearance, like all the other towns, arising from their desertion last summer, at the call of the Prophet. It is a very pretty place, with abundance of water from the canon behind, and might have contained 3000 inhab itants. They are returning every day from their exile, with cart loads o( goods, and re opening their walled-up doors and windows. I asked one man if their exile had not been a great damage to them. He replied, with em phasis. -No. it was our salvation. We went at the call of duty, aud God will give us glory therefor. We count all our losses on account of our faith as gains.” There are three Bishops of whom Chaunccy W. West is chief. Me stopped to dine at his house, and had an op portunity of seeing his family. His house is long, low, and one story, fronting the street, with fine front doors, opening into as many rooms, in each of which is a bed. Everything about the house is scrupulously clean. His family consists of five women, two of whom are sisters, and each of whom, with one excep tion. has borne him children. Mr. West is not more than 35, but he is a very serious man. and walks about bis little kingdom with the air of a man deeply engaged in rery solid thought. The ladies all waited upon the lat ter by turns, and there seemed to be a great deal of quiet harmouy among them. It was Sunday, and the children, all fat and healthy, were playing about, would approach the Bish op, who caressed them a moment, and then re sumed his solid thinking. We remained in Ogden long enough to eat. and then, with a team of furious bores, rushed out on our way. At two miles crossed the Weber river. a large stream which empties into Salt Lake. At twelve miles passed Neysvilla, another small halt walled town, and abandoned. L armington, 2i miles from Ogden, was our last station; we reached it at ten at night. The world was asleep, and it required thundering raps to wake up the keeper, whose eyes were still heavy when he opened the window and in quired cautiously what was wanted. The mules that he had kept up for two days, had that evening been turned out to graze, and he was afraid that they cot.ld not be caught until mor ning. He sent four of his boys and went him self, and in two hours brought them up. They were snorting wild mules, and leaped clear out of their harness several times, before they could be secured. Farmington is a town of 200 families and has a bishop, John Hess, who owns four women. Like the other towns, it has been partially walled and abandoned. The moon was shining brightly, as we rushed through the southern gateway of the town, on our last stage cf 1* miles. We passed through the walled and hub walled towns, Cenlreville and Sessions, without really seeing them, and in one hour and forty minutes drove within the walls of the City ol Great Salt I,ake. We drove through the streets all silent and still, and the moon was just setting as we knocked at the Post Office, and delivered the mail, at 2 o'clock and 27 minutes A. M., iu sixteen days and 27 min utes from Placerville. Our long and weary journey was ended. We had uow to seek a hotel and rest. But this was not so easy. Ira drove us around to the El Dorado. Tin wash-basins standing upon a bench in front of the house did not indicate a high order of entertainment, and we drove round to the Salt Lake House, where we were assured that if we liked, we could sleep upon the Hoor in our own blankets, for they had neither rooms nor beds. It was the best we could do and we did it. These were the only places in town at which we could apply for public accommodation, and such as it was, we obtained it. We slept a few hours, and awoke to look upon the busy new world that surrounded us. and strange it seemed, too, to wake up and find ourselves here. The same old Sol shone brightly and intensely upon ns, and there were many old familiar faces—but the mountains, the dusty plains, the history, was all different. The first man I encountered was Dan Taft, an old Los Angeles friend of long standing. He is the agent of the Overland Stage Com pany here, and a more competent man, or one better acquainted with his business, could not be obtained. All his energies are now devo ted to the success, and the satisfactory success, of bis route. It is well for the contractors, and also for travelers, that he is here, because there is confidence in his ability. The mail will never fail through any of Ins rembsness ; and he must have changed sadly if he allows his passengers any reasonable cause of com plaiut upon the road, because he-ftlls them just the fare they are to expect upon the road, and what they must do to render themselves com fortable. Long may Dan Taft's good humor ed face be sheltered by that white hat, and long may he remain among “this people” to show them the way to California by the Over land Mail Stage. The next man I encountered was Richard Hopkins, looking better ihan ever. It was good to meet him, for he was one of our most companionable fellows in other days, and the discipline of the church has not yet affected his good nature. ! accompanied him to the store of Livingston, Kinkead & Co., who offered me the hospitalities of their house until 1 could better myself—an offer I wits very happy to avail myself of. Soon after this. I was rejoiced to meet our friend E. D. Knight, the “murdered man,” live ly and hearty as usual, but looking pale, as if from recent sickness. He will himself tell you of his travels and experience. Of the men who “murdered” him, I know Mr. Hanks well. There is no belter man in any community than he, nor is there a more kind-hearted gentleman. lam very glad that uo accident bcfcl our ftiend. Had it been otherwise, so strong is the prejudice against Mormons, that no proofs or assertions of inno cence on the part of Mr. 11. would ever have satisfied the world. He would have lived un der the suspicion of murder. And this single circumstance leads me to inquire whether it is not possible that many of the specific charges against Mormons may not be as unfounded as this one, and for the same reason ? * * * Well, my journey to Salt Lake is ended. It was wearisome, and there was much dis comfort in the road. But all those things are forgotten in the pleasure one feels at getting safely over them There was much said of Indian troubles. It would have varied the events of the road somewhat, could we have had a little brush ; but it was ordered other wise. We came safely along without using the arsenal provided for us. We had good drivers all the time. Ira Pierce, who brought us through, is one of the most faithful of the Company's agents ; so is James Stevens, who came with us to Goose creek. The services of those men are invalua ble to ihe Company, and will always make this road a popular one. The road itself is not yet sufficiently equip ped. to allow the contractors to carry all the passengers. When the stations are arranged, and proper carriages put upon it. it will be one of the most admirable routes in the coun try. The enterprise of the contractors must keep up with the public demands. Then their road will continue to be, what nature has made it. the shortest and best route across the coun try, and the only one upon which there is abun dance of wood, water and grass. Wali.acb. The Follt of Duei.liso.—Punch says a wise thing now and then. Speaking of I>uel 'Wilhout reference to the brntal folly and wickedness of the duel, we have put an end to it =imply as rational beings who do a sum in substruction. We have, after a good many vears. we confess, of Montague House, and ’Wormwood Scrubbs. arrived at the conclusion that dueling is unfair, because men are une qual in value. . . We now agree that an educated, intellectual working citizen, the mainsty of a loved family, the adviser of trusting (rieuds, a useful, recog nized man, with life assurances that would be vitiated if be fell in willlul fray, is no match for an empty-headed younger son, with just brains enough for drill, pale ale. and Skye ter riers. who has been put into the army to be got rid of, and who may chance to find room in bis narrow sknll for an' idea that he has been in sulted. Arithmetic has settled the question, and Cocker forbids pistol cocking- A drunkard's nose is said to be a light bouse* warning us of the little water that pas* scs underneath. Ascent of two Children in a Balloon Oi eof the most thrilling occnrrences we ever read, is the following, which we extract from an Atlantic paper : On the ITth September, an aeronaut named Wilson, (probably the same man who was sev eral years ago in California, and went from here to the City of Mexico,) ascended in a balloon from Centralia. Mo., and successfully [ descended about lb miles from his starting point, alighting near Rome, where his balloon : became entangled in a tree. Benjamin Hur vey living near, and others, disentangled the balloon, and towed it to Mr. H.'s house, where they proceeded to have sport, by getting in the car and being carried up the length of a rope held by parties below. Mr. Harvey first got in, but his weight being too great tor the balloon to rise, he stepped out and put in his three children, a lad of three years, a girl of eight, and a still older girl. At this point Mr. Wilson (the aeronaut) called out to those hold ing the ropes to be snre and hold fast. Bat the three children were too heavy, and the eldest was taken out. At this instant, through ; the unwalchfulness of the persons at the cords, i the balloon very swiftly went up! | The anchor struck in a rail fence, but tore it away, while a cry of horror burst from the agonized group. The children screamed with horror, and the piteous appeal “Pull medown, father!” as it instantly grew fainter and faint er, rendered the parents, and indeed all present, for the time perfectly frantic. It was now past seven o’clock, was becoming dark, and the balloon was soon lost sight of! A jicriod of more intense wretchedness to the parental heart, can scarcely be imagined. As there was little wind, the balloon had gone almost directly upward, till its disappear ance in a southeasterly course. Messengers were dispatched through the region in every direction, and the alarm spread rapidly, crea ting everywhere the intensest excitement. In all quarters the men and boys rallied in par ties to scour the country and search the woods, in the expectation that the victims would somewhere descend and be subjected to the perils ot drowning, or else of starving undis covered. At Centralia, the intelligence caused an indescribable sensation. The idea became current that they must encount ra frigid at mosphere which they could not survive. It was about 2 o'clock on Saturday morn ing that Mr. Iguatiu Atchison, living on Moore’s Prairie, eight miles from Mount Ver non, got up, as he says, and went out upon his porch “to see the blazing star”—the comet. An immense spectre rising from a tree, about twenty yards distant rather appalled him. and he re-entered the house and waked his family. On his coming out again, a week and piteous voice called to him from the spectre, “Come here and let us down ; we are almost froze !” Mr. Atchison speedily perceived the astonish ing nature of the case, mustered help, cutaway several limbs of the tree and drew the car in safely to the ground. The little boy was first lifted out, and when placed upon bis feet in stantly ran for several yards, then turned, and for a moment contemplated the balloon with apparently intense curiosity. The little g’.rl told their sorrow* and adventures with an al most broken heart, to these people, who. strange to say, had not heard of the disaster. A messenger arrived at Mr. Harvey’s, 18 miles distant, at 2 p. m.. with the transporting tidings that the children were safe. We will leave it to our reader’s heart to suggest the joy which the intelligence caused. It was late in the afternoon when the little ones arrived, and were clasped once more in the embrace of their parents. The Wheat Crop Of 1858. It appears by the Assessor’s reports from 17 counties, already published, that more acres of wheal have been harvested in those counties this year tnan iu 1857, though considerably less than in 1856. In Alameda county, the crop is estimated by the Assessor to yield 20 bushels to the acre which is a trifle above last year's estimate when the crop was seriously damaged, but un der the reported yield for 1856. In Amador county the crop was injured by smut, and estimated by the Assessor to yield but 15 bushels per acre. Heretofore the offi cially reported yield has been from 20 to 35 bushels to the acre. In Calaveras the Assessor estimates the yield at ten bushels per acre, while last year ami in 1856 no official report was made. The forego ing estimates for 1856-57 are from the State Register, the figures having been supplied by the Calavarcs Legislative Delegation. They are doubtless too high. In C'olusi, the Assessor's estimate is 15 bush els. Last year it was 20, and in '56 23 bush els per acre. El Dorado is estimated at a fraction over 10 bushels per acre, the lowest ever made for that county. In i'resno the estimate this year, is 20 bush els per acre, against 40 last year. T his does not include 300 acres ou the Indian reserva tion, which the Agent reports as a good crop, probably exceeding 30,000 bushels. Last year the wheat crop ou the reservation failed en- Urely. In Merced the Assessor estimates at 20 bushels, which is considerably higher than he placed it last year, although in '56 the esti mate was placed at 25 bushels per acre. In Napa there has beeu a fine and exten sive wheat crop, estimated by the Assessor at a fraction over 30 bushels per acre, which is about the usual estimate for that county. In Plumas, 15 bushels per acre. In Placer, the number of acres is not given. In Sacramento the Assessor's estimate is 18 bushels per acre. Shasta is estimated at twenty bushels per acre. . , In Trinity the Assessor gives the number of acres, but no estimate of the yield. " e place it at 20 bushels, the same as Shasta. Last vear the Assessor reported the wheat crop of Trinity at 16,000 but his successor states that the four grist mills of that county ground 26,750 bushels, it is probable we have never yet bad a full estimate of the amount of Wheat raised in the extreme northern counties. In Tulare, the Assessor's estimate is 20 bushels per acre. There are three grist mills in this county, which ground 46,000 bushels of grain last year; although no wheat crop was officially reported. In Yolo, it is stated that there has been about as productive a crop as that of 1856, and in the absence of any estimated yield [ier acre by the Assessor, we place it at 20 bushels, that being the estimated yield in 1806. I>asl year the wheat crop of Y o!o was a (ailure. The report of the Assessor of Nevada coun tv has been partailly published by the local paper, but no mention is made of the wheat crop. We have good authority for staling that more than 100,000 bushels have been grown in that county this season. L nofficial reports have also been received from Contra Costra, Solano and Mendocino, San Mateo, Santa Cruz, Klamath, and Y'uba, iu nearly all of which counties there has been a larger har vest than ever before. Altogether, the indica tions are that the wheat crop this year has been less extravagantly estimated than former ly, and that it will fully equal, if it does not exceed, that of 1856.—San Francisco Prices yCiurrtnt. ]STO. 50. The Vineyards of Los Angeles. The Southern correspondent of the S. F. Bulletin furnishes the following interesting particulars : The town of Los Angeles having been so of ten pictured, I shall not attempt a description of its abode houses and heterogeneous popula tion. It is a very thriving place apparently. When 1 passed through it there seemed to be a great many people stirring round ; and for a country town, it is one of the liveliest 1 have seen in"the State. Wishing to sec the famed vineyards of the place, two days were devoted to a cursory examination of them. The first that 1 visited was that cf Messrs. Sanscvain. At present they are very busy making wine, but upon asking permission. I was allowed to walk all over their place, examine and cat of the fruit, drink of the rich juice running out from the presses, and take notes generally. As they were very busy, 1 could not obtain the information I desired respecting the number of vines they have bearing, or the amount of wine they expect to make this season. Everything looks thrifty about their place. They can sit down under their own vine and fig tree, while the orange and the lemon breathe around them their soli perfume. Mr. . Woifskill has also a spleodid vineyard and orchard. He has about sixty thousand bearing vines, and peach, ap ple, pear, orange, fig and English walnut trees , in numbers that I could not asceitain, as he hardly knew himself. This year he is not making any wine himself. Messrs. Kohler A- Eroding, of San Francisco, are making wine from bis grapes, giving him forty cents per gal lon, It is estimated the vines will average twelve pounds of grapes each. As twelve pounds of grapes make a gallon of wine, you can soon estimate the income derived from a vineyard like his, when his wine is made by other parlies. Were ho to make 'he wine him self, he would realize full one third more. Captain Potter of San Francisco was at this place packing away the best of Wolfskill's grapes in boxes, to send to New Vork by way of experiment. The boxes were made in Sail Francisco, with three compartments or shelves, so that each layer of grapes shall not press upon the one beneath. The grapes are then laid down in sawdust, boxed up tight and arc ready for shipment. I have no idea that grapes can oe sent to New York from this State at the present rates of transportation with any profit to the shipper, though the captain is sanguine of success, 1 hope he may succeed in getting them to New \ork safely, as it may enure to the advantage of this portion of the mate by inducing capitalists to invest money in vineyards and w ine presses. It is the direst investment of labor or capital one can make. I hero is scarcely any fail to it. The atten tion of the people in this section of the State is now turned in the right channel. Almost every one that has good vineyard land capa ble of irrigation is setting out vines. There is no danger of overstocking the wine market, for from the time of Noah—l don't mean Mordecal M.—down to the present day, good wine has always found consumers ; and the supply in California can never be greater than the consumption here, and elsewhere within our means of exportation. Three Hundred Mormon Women Re nouncing the Faith. By the arrival of a young man named Her bert Drandon, we have been furnished with the following information from Salt Hake : 1 (says our informant) left Camp Scott on the 13th June. The Mormon excitement had been entirely abated. Several Mormon trains uad passed Camp Scott on their way to the S' ates. They stated, while camped at the above place, that they would not have been permit ted to leave, or they would have abandoned Salt Hake long ago. On being questioned as to their determina tion to resist the entrance of the United Slates troops, they replied that the major part of the Mormons only awaited the entrance of Iho troops in order to effect their escape from Brigham Young and Mormonism. On their arrival at Camp Scott, they were minus the common necessaries of life. On be ing asked the cause of their destitute condi tion, they stated that before Brigham Young had relented from bis determination to resist the troops, he had ordered them to deposit what provisions they had in the storehouse: but as soon as he made known his intention of going south, those of the Mormons who refused to go, were deprived of all, aid could get nothing for their outfit. They also stated that but for the interference of Gov. Cummings, the destroying angels would have forced Ihim away, and that they did succed, in some instan ces, in driving away several women. I came down with two Mormon trains from Camp Scott, numbering about 300 persons, princi pally women, who were chiefly English, ami some Scotch: and the principal topic of their conversation throughout was the absurdity of Mormonism and its principles. They were all unanimous in their denunciations of Brigham Young and his apostles, and talked of his as sassination by the Mormons who remained at Camp Scott, as a sure event. They have ail (without exception) become disgusted with Mormonism and renounced it, and expressed their determination from henceforth to use all their cfloits for the total annihilation ol Mor monisnt. They express their desire to return to their native countries, and would, if they had the means to do so, in order that they might be instrumental in saving others from the baneful influence of Mormonism. On their arrival at Plattsmouth, on the Missouri river, they had calculated to crossover to Council Bluffs ; but the bad condition of the roads ia lowa changed their resolve, and they arc now dispersing themselves in Kansas and Nebraska Territories. . Mr. Brandon gave us many otlur interesting particulars, from which we conclude that a speedy dissolution awaits the community of litter l>av Saints. Many of the women al though they went to Utah innocent and pure, we judge, are very unlikely to load a very ex emplary life in the future. They have been debased until they are likely to abandon them selves to the loathsome life of prostitution. F. F. Herald. Indian Witches.—The Fresno Indians, savs the San Joaquin Republican, arc killing their doctors or medicine men. I hey declare them to be witches—that they cannot cure the sick and that there will be no more ram or grass seen until they are exterminated. Seven or eight of their doctors have in consequence already suffered ma-tyrdom. One of the sur vivors came ranting into the camp of Mr Bidgway, on the Fresno, and asked protection. He was pursued by some sixteen Indians, who demanded him of Mr. Uidgway, and gave the above reason why they ought to have him. Their modest request wan refused, but a lew days afterwards the doctor ventured out and they got him. In San Diego county, the In dian- attempted to bang three of their trite for the same reason, they were rescued by the whites. The male was about thirty-year? old, and a helpless cripple, having lost the use of his legs below the knees. One of the fc males, not over twenty-five years of age, wai remarkably neat and tidy for an Indian, spoki Spanish well, and had fetters of recommenda tion from families whom she bad served. Ih< other was a decripit old woman, and was thi mother of the two first mentioned.