Newspaper Page Text
EH (DM ID IPAILEAIMWMI
. P. HOLIOWAV B. W. DAVIS.
Be just and fear not: Let all the ends thou aimt at be thy country's, thy Cod's, and troth's. An ry ?.
RICHMOND, IA., SATURDAY MORXLVG, MAY II, 1839.
m 2 & e & a a sy ss o ar s
I'Vum the UliiwH Backwoodsman.
TIIK FOKGEJ) PATK.VT.
Iteniembcr you iww l'k ? t'r if
Your memory no.is recirds, is such a o.ia
So inm-li at odds wit-'" probability,
Your fancy cannot hnaa ill
Tho chants which the l;ist twenty years
have wrought it Il'mm, would bo incrcdiUo to
viio who has not witnessed them. At lh:it period
our settlement were few, and the spirit of cuter
prise tint now psrvades every corner of the It.ite
hid lint then been a wakened. The bluff of our
own beautiful river had never sent buck the
cchoof the sto un cnirinc. Without a tirirkct for
their produce, the firriir. confined their I ihors , pasm-d a
to the witntM of their I' iniilks. Corn was nearly j watched
the onlv croii raided, nod from
"uiJ "," the en J of Juno , i ,n "puti-time,
something that he wantod, opened if. The first
thing ho saw was the identical pocket book whose
loss had excited so many bitter regrets. Ila re
collected having placedit thero the morning be
fore he reached Brent's Prairie, but in the con
fusion of the moment, that circumstance was for
gotten. He examined and found every thing as
he left it.
This discovery nearly restored him to health,
but he resolved at present to confine tho secret
to his own bosom. It was gratifying lu him to
witness the entire confidence they reposed in the
From the Middletown Mail.
We published, a few days since, a simple stnte-
examination unhesitatingly pronounced tha sig
An explanation from the young man was now
J II: . I .... . . k . v.vftrvft I , , I. i
nece.iry , uu u...ag .u !mcnf ,hat this individual, a poor iou nevman prin-
them h,s history and laid before them a p o of , c,aimant of ft ,a J anOUfU of erty
patents, and bank notes one after aaodicr nil the ja he o( Y &tsomeJent.
amount reached thousands. live millions. ll:s claim comprises sixteen acres
It was a d.ty of thankful happiness to old Simon bouMjed bv BroaJwav N)IS9 FuUtn, MauJen
Divis and his daughter, and not less to young . LaQe anJ fMowing Jarncil.
si.son. , .j n- ! !,T3 relating to IIarixnding and hi claim, are
Not long etter this scene Crosby entered. Ih froiU lbc tw of the Coonersville (Iml.) Watcb-
till w no tuiti Jl a iij iii n uv uuj cm - - j
. ... 1 I. ..! . 1 n . a. I a e-.?a t-i mrda rr ri i "i Ila KPtl rCP
honor and integrity oi a stranger, an j iu iwaimu.u,.. .,a,T , uu , t!mt ln vpir? im in tr-?'-.t r.r I om'iion.
-.t .... .1 .. i r,,-,,,, ,,,,. ,.mp V nnti,-.,! V U.m exceot w th a look of contempt. I -loout two ears ago, in t.ie O. ate oi Louisiana.
lirO WIlOj Will'. II IIH;V UUS1MV'1 V.;. w . . . . - .
. . . I . - - 1 1 1 ' 1 . J "... I ......... Vi '
whom they supposed couIJ make no return uui
Niht came aril Mr. Diviadid not roturn, Lucy
iieep!e.s night. In the morning sue
boor niter hour for his coining and
Iho lime it waa when sunset approacno.l lie was sua absent;
in f terrified at His long anu unusual siay sua was
r i ii... i Mi... ;i..rU,.i. ...r seitui " out to nrocuru u nei-ruuor to iro m searcn
lNovoniUer, was a 110110.17, ....v . fe r, . . . - u, . ,
ocriod wa paweil in idlene-s, except on S Hur- I ol him, when her parent hove in sight buo ran
dajB. Onihatd.iy duly as it arrived, the set- to meet him, and was bestowing upon him a thou
t.'crs,far and tu ar, cdle tedat the distillery, and j sand endearing, expressions t alTectioii wheii
Amused themselves with hootiiiL' at a m irk, i his haggard, wo-bogono countenance srarueu ner.
'trading nags," and too often wIiph tho tin cup
had passed freely around, in fil?'ti:i:'
Thi-, sir, it by no hu mus a pii'turu of all tlie
nettlements of lint early period, but tint it is
graphically true of ninny, none of our oldest set
tlers need deny. Hut to my narrative.
Quo Saturday afiei no n in tho year IS 19 a
young man wan seen approachmg with slow and
weary steps, the house, or rather distillery, of
Erptiru Crosby, d Dicnl's Irairie,an obscure set
tlement on tho Military tract. As usual on that
"day, a large collection of people were nmusing
themselves at Urnsuy , who owned the only tiis-
j lie uttered not a word, and went into Lis house
j mid Pealed himself in silence. It was in vain
j that . iey attempted to cheer him. After a long
'pause, during which a uowerful struggle was
. - I" l .1. I "
rrriiri on in nis teeiingf, no arose, won 111s
daughter by tho hand and led her into the room
where Wilson was seated. "You shall know all,"
said he, "I am ruined, I am a beggar. In 1
few days I must leave this house; this farm which
I hive so highly improved and thought my own."
II proceeded to slate that a few days before,
Crosbv in a moment of ungovernable malice,
Aftr-r iMMirinT out all his maledictions upon the
family, he advised them to leavo instantly. The
old m ui enquired if ho wuid not give him noth
ing fir the improvements he had nride? Tho
answer was '-nut a cent.' You certainly would
not, said Wilson, drive this old man and daughter
penn less into the world?
What is that to you, replied Crosby, with a lor.k
of malice and contempt. I will answer you that
question, said Wilson, and acquainted him with
what the reader h is already learnt. Crosby, at
lirst was stnpified with astonishment, bill when ho
saw that all his schemes of villiany were defeat
ed, and proof of his having committed forgery
could bo established, his assurance forsook him,
and he threw himself upon his knees r.nd begged,
first the old man, then Lucy and Wilson, to spare
e became acquainted with the bimui llirnonu-
iiig spoken of 1:1 the above article. At that time
ho called himself Neville, a nama ha had assuin-
I'i Cir, f.t7 t'r.fflrU IiTIU lilIIC filT wlllt T : I r ' i( ! VI .
lie was as destitute
a four' printer to be,
vie cv:r knew
worse off than most of them reneral!v are. II
received enough from our humli'e eelf, then a
journeyman in the Louisiana Journal office, to
s ipply his wants for a few days. While there,
he frequently spoke of his claims to property of
groat value in the city of New York, and upon
our expressing sonic doubts of the truth of w hat
he stated, and asking him what evidence of his
Sl'EEClf OF MR. ntESTOX,-1 INTERFE
RENCE IN ELECTIONS.
Before I proceed to answer another branch of
the subject, I wish to advert to two alleged and
principal facts which serve as the foundation of
this report, and I will show that no such facts cx
it. On page 3d of tho report, it is stated as a
fact, and an inceptive principle on which the com
mittee rested, that the State Covernmeats have
made no discrimination between the mass of their
citizens and tho oHioc-holdera of the General
j (i ..vernmem. Now, sir, tiio fact is exactly the
I op: hite; for such is the habitual jealousy of the
j .Slates, and their watchfulness of our power, that
i i believe in everv State there is a f.indamei! tal
ut sort as j Uw bidding the officers of the United States
thOUgh It'lj-.... ,., l.l,li,T r,-.. .,fT..n ..I' n.
trust 111 the gilt t too rotate. 1 l:t very tact ot
holding office under this (iovertiment is regarded
as a disfranchisement in all the States of the Un
iDii. litit I beg leavo to quote tho language of
"Happily our iii3titutiw, rfstni? ii;o:i t!o jnt foun-la-ti
ia of popular ridt., neithc r ilriiian f nor will aiinul of tlie
itilattoa ot the pprtoii or tlia pri-ils: ofcitizeitahip, ai a
claims he had to show, he handed US a bundle of j pr- re.'uWito 0r oiVice. I'lvlnr ilia existing Mws, a citmra of
papers, comprising letters from several attorneys ! a latB "T n l "X 'T.'i;""-? V ' t""?'te.i
- 1 0 . . 11 t;i :u! n'li r trie r tiJr:i i p-nvt ritniH.it. t.ti 1 iw ut th
appeals, the latter agreed to lhat th'3 Pperty held b,
ipon wind, Crosbv lived upon reverting or perhaps ha
.' .1.. 1 . .1 " ! ponding family. Wo lea
ly. We learned from trie papers that
the land now occupied by the Church, was, we
think, in tho year 1731, leased to it for the per-
Affictcd with his
nurchase the farm ut)
fmiititiurt nf h i J i n a t:i ti i Iv li:l V i ll-r the COUIltrV. i I'00
fie accepted the terms and with his family lied
, . ... ,- . t nA ' i'I ul ono hundred year?, by one II irpondtng, the
W hv should I spin out tho narativ e. Lucy and 1 ' -' 1 . : '
it r 1 1 .i . 1 ,,i 1, 1 ., , the grand.'ather, or perhaps the great grandfather
Charles were married and though a splendid man- p '
.u r r. l.ii. t the claim int. I hj ground was not, at that
si'Xi soon rose upon thelarm ot Mr. Davis, both . . ' ,
1 r 1 .. .1 f. 1 v .1 . i, 1 a, ' time, within tho limits ot tho citv, and was used
love fir better tho litt 3 room where she had so 1 ,
, .1 1 .1 , : l, u 1 ..r ' as a corn nuio, anu w as 01 nine vaiue. ujji,
iusIv watched over the sick bed ol t . '
.. ivi...,.,.; i,.i i upon earning from the records 01 the city, the
trangcr. Mr. Wilson was rich, but ' 7 ; '
, 0 , , ! situation of tha properly, made ellorts to find some
111 new ioih, ani..g which were several iiuiii fiUu ,riviese4 wtuch beirtg a him a a ciiita.. of
Aaron D irr, who apjiears to have first discovered jue."
held by the Church, was ab..ut 1 .feit3 no riht! Sir. he is disfranchised ifhe
ad reverted to the II ir- ! I.. .!.!., ..(H.-p, nn.l.'r thi Cni riiinent Ami whr,l
is the fact in regard to the soldiery of the United
I States? And on what principle can you disfran
chise a soldier any more than an ollice-holder, if
taunted him with being a beggar, and told him
... ! 11 ii-
tillcrv in that ren'n, was a magistrate, and re- he was 111 Ins power nmi tie wouiu trusn nun nn-
.r,.r.1.U.v the sen IfiM n n rich :md rrreat man. dcr his feet. When Mr. Davisi n licd at what he
The vouth who now came unto tho group was ! regarded only as an impotant threat' Crosby, to j Jong and anxiously watched over the sick
apparenlly about twfntv-ooo years ot age, o;j convince mm, umi mui uiu uiu pioni uis : uij ij:ruuie!?i!rim";ur. ur. itusuuw
ftinrl,.r f. .rm f .lr nn(l A.-t'ir-yin rm r :ion. w i t h 1 farm W!i9 .'t torjcd ono and that he, Crosby, knew never forgot those who were in want.
tho air ot one accustomed to Ofxj soeieiv. ii wiu ' 7'' -.-t- ' "- ..w.-.....v. !feruiVpa throfi of
-1 .1.... i ' ....... ..... ' rhrt:r if :m: exoccteJ a dccu in a ftiw d avs. 1 tion of his chiliren. Old Simon Davis almost 1 J " " .
- .1 . 1" . I . 1. 1 . . 1 1 a IT.. Inrnn
tluj hardships ot n tronlicr lite, or laoor in i lovia nuuwu .j - j ....n.v.u " . -i river
'-vtijij-iiiftMrn'j uiiKT iiiii'tii ir hi i i is I'll inn i i i 111 inu vcifv nmi iiiriir iitnitrii i i it it inn in i" 11 l
t .. -i. 'fi. . a 1 j : 1 i 1 1 u , r u omun, ino
(of the descendants of llarpondina, and, after. sev-
them, a brother and two ms- t
these rights are inherent in him ns a citizen r
Unquestionably you have in that case no such
right. Yet a United States soldier does not vote;
and gentlemen from all parts of the House, vna
voce, have declared that the office-holders are the
enlisted soldiers of the Executive thus identified
as the very persons who are disfranchised. And
vet those persons, who are thus characterized as
enlisted soldiers, it is now declared are not to be (been?
any kind. 15 it his dress bore a strange contrast
with his appearance and manners. He wore a
hunting shirt, of tho coarsest linsey woolsey, a
common straw haf, and a pair of deerskins moc
casins. A large pack completed his equipment.
Hvcry one gaued with curiosity upon tho new
cnioer. In their eagerness to learn who he was,
whence ho came, and what was his business, the
horse swap was left unfinished, the ritl j was
laid aside, nnd even tho busy tin cup had a tem
The young man npprnached Squiro Crosby,
whom even a stranger could distinguish as tho
principal personage among thorn, and anxiously
oquiril for a house whero ha could be accom
modated; saying th-.t he was extremely ill and
fell n the symptoms of an npiroaching fever.
Oro.y cyetl iui keenly and MipicionsIy for
a moment without uUeting a word. Knaves and
swindlers had been recently abroad, nnd th
language of tho youth betrayed that he was a
Yankee, a name at that time associated in the
minds of iho ignorant with every thing 'hat is
base. Mistaking the silence and hesitation of
Crosby for fear of bis inability to pay, tho stran
ger smiled and said,,1! am not without money,"
and putting his hand to his pocket to give occu
Jar proof ot the assertion, ho was horror s! ruck to
find that his pocket book was gone. It contained
every cent of his moiuy, besides papers of great
value to him.
Without afirthiiir without even a single let
ter or paper to attest that hi character was hon
orable in a strange land and sickness rapidly
coming upon him these feelings nearly drove
him to despair. The 'cfpiiro ho prides himself
on his sagacity in detecting viHians, now found
the use i his tongue. '.Villi a lou I and sneering
1 nigh ho said "Stmnger, your "are harking up
tha wrong tree if you think to catch mo with
that are Yankee trick of your-.' llo proceeded
in that inhuman strain, seconded by nearly every
oneireasent, for the "Squarr" was powerful and
low dircd to displease him. The youth fell
Keenly his desolate situation, anu casting fus eve t
around over tho gnop, in a tone of deep and
dcspariti-' anxietv empiired, "is there none who
will receive me? e., I will," cried a man j
all doubt was a forged one, and the claim of
Daris to the farm not worth a farthing.
It may be proper to observe, that counterfeit
ing soldier's patents was a regular business in
some of the eastern cities, and hundreds have
It is not for my3elf, said the old man, that I
erievo nt this misfortune. I am advanced in
life and it matters not how or where I pass tho
few remaining days of my existence. I havo a
home beyond tho stars where your mother has
r-ono before me, and where I would have long
sinco joined her, had I not lived to protect her j
child, my own riffectionatrt Lucy. The weeping
-irl iJuug her arms around the neck of her father, j
and poured her tears upon his bosom. Wo can f
bo happy fill!, said he, for I am young and can
ea; i'y support us both.
A new scene followed in which another indi
vidual was a principal actor. I shall leave the
reader to form his own opinion of it nnd barely
remark that at tho close, the old man took the
We understand from
,..! I t 1 . I..,
i " r -., . ,i r 7. v.. i. Af il. '"""i "iner uim ouii"ei uroiucr, uiai
.'ni?ni.u TH.-i.-n r h .m ,. lUten. .! h!s fther and sisters had already received from
. . . . - . I.I -I I . 1. - ..C i ( i l L 1 I
nit: ".nurciii ino soiu hi lim.umi un
ter?, were lounJ, all three reading in Kentucky, ; disfranchised, which the whole armv proper of i firaced in
ar3 for a re.
Isno.uishrnent of their claims on the property.
n : L. . ." - :.. T I T
, . . r . "u J , u i CJiiiiin, ui me Mine, was in ijuuiMiiua, wncr no
became their benefactor, ha impressed upon the i , . . r . . j i
, P . . , . ., , V . a r .i had been fr fiiteen or twenty years, and was, by
j ing boy how his father, when poor and friendless,
was taken home and kindly treated and in turn
mind of hi3 grand child, that "even a cup of cold
water giveu from a puro motive shall not lose its
his friends, supposed to be dead, they having
heard nothing from him during all that time. A
gentleman from New York, came across Smith in
tho town of Monroe, and informed him of tha mat
ter. A correspondence with Aaron Burr, and oth
er legal gentlemen in New York, satisfied him ol
the justness of his claims, but his poverty, as ho
said, had prevented him from taking any decisive
steps towards the recovery of the property. His
Religio.v and Education in Texas. Tho Rav. Mr.
Stevens, at present in Texa, hag written a letter dated
March 1 5th, to the editor of the N. Y. Commercial, from
which we make the followiiif; extracts: "We are already
: at work with our plans of education. Yon have no doubt
heard of Rutersville. After a moat delightful ride of f rtr ; brother, a short time Drevious. had offered htm
miiea, in company witli our missionaries, tra ar-ived at tjiii EO.OOt) dollars to relinquish his claims, but he
place. Our journey was through what was called tiie roll- ; would not accept the offer; all, or nothing,
iug prttirioa tiio fimm i.mdapc M,iy i. ii.. wmi.i. ! In, Should he succeed in his suit, he will
"As ilie sun wa tipping the hilis with his dying rays, tve j bo oue of the wealthiest men in the country,
entered Rutersville, and found a cordial welcome from our 1
j brethren who resido there. The plan of RutersviUa was a TE Works of Gou. "The heavens declare the glory
! conception of tho lamented Ruter, after whom it was called. ! ottZi1, and the esrth is fu.l of riches." The most perfect
I . ! ...l r .i . - i i.r.. 1.1- r
hand of I.UCV nnd VOUI!r Wilson, and j jininif number or the incnus of tlie.uethodist Upiscopal church j !ldr,i "eiora i.io liigeiiious anu inuei.uigauio isr.
them said Children, 1 "cheerfully consent to I'urchaw 1 what is called a league (4,-1 1 1 acres) of land, and ! IlOTche PVrU not contain oui.e 5,000; but by th.
't'l,,,,!, nnnr iviih'n ,r.,o,l r,. divided it into lots fur the purpose of fjr.nin' a viilaaa. In i van superiority of his glasses, he had discovered 41,000
8,000 or 10,000 are so in fact
Mr. President, tho report proceeds to rrtako an
other assertiou which is altogether at variance
with fact, and which is the fatal source of all the
evil principles which Maw out of it, &. to that I beg
the attention of the Senate. It is the alleged fact
that office-holders are appointed by the People,
that ihey ore emanations from the People, and
tho agents of the People. Uat is that the fact?
j No, sir, they hold their office in spite of the Peo
ple, by Executive power, and iur Lxecutive pur
poses. .Mr. Clay, of Kentucky. And often against
Mr. Preston. Notoriously so. The People nro
flouted, and their opposition is a reason why these
men are appointed and retained in office. Sir,
look at my own State, where four-fifths of its ci
tizens are on the other side. What is the case in
respect to office-holders with us? The very fact
that the People wished certain office-holders ap
pointed was iha very reason why they were not
appointed. They were appointed against us, and
over us, to control us in spite of oursclvci.
Another alleged fact in the report is, that the
committee havo not known this power to bo bro't
m conflict wan the elections. &ir, let us reca-
Tl . l i . ... a. I'.. r L . ..l Ofc.lISlIlilJCW UBTfTJ Ol I 1C HfllVB M. K 71 U II V 1 115 S.riiJlff II H - I...!.. 1 . It..l ... IL'tl'l I -II.. I
science von may no nappy, i Know, vuxnes, mat i - '"r.ct '-mv.ia.uio nm, di n do ere.:itvi ) llliaia uiuo- io.i or ip.., uy a uisiui-
you will be kind to mv dau'-hter, Cor a low nights : our '"'titjtioaa ot learning for this republic. Eligible lots j i"J:'-" 11 13 aup.sea um i j,wv a" "Pu ia vie j gU,sie(j Governor of a State, it was solemnly de
thought that no human ear could I lve been appropriated for a college, a female Mininarv, a i ex-Danse' ftJml;1 lavestiga.ion. A.i these stars are ol a cJun.J to bo a
liftrv ll'ltiire. n :. I fr.n Ti...r rf rif nr mnrtv m trtm nn.H 1'ynir '
systsins of planets moving rouad them. We know the sun
to bo ihe centre of our syste:n. It is accompanied wiih 19
planets, besides abojt 450 comets. What an amazing idea
fact. l)e Witt Clinton presented
it solemnly as an existing evil which required
correction, under the administration of Mr. Adams,
and it was proclaimed and blazoned forth in every
corner of the cocntrv, that the office-holders had
mmong the crowd; "ves, poor sick stranger. I will
shelter you." Then in a lower tone he added,
"l know not whether you are deserving, but I
know 3.011 are a fellow being, and in sickness and
want, and for the sake of 11 im who died fur the
iTi-iity, if not for your own sake, will 1 be kind to
you, poor young stranger
iiiro. when ou
hear you, I heard you fervently implore tho bles- i school for boys, and for a church. This league, or t-wn-sin"
of heaven upon my grey hairs, and that God j fi!,iP' is 0 e 01 ' k3' sections of land in the republic, pos-
wou'd reward my child for all her kindness to yotl. ; sassin- a ri..h soii, intersected by a beautiful stream of water j
TV I ii hlu f i m i I v I. ! 1 1 i f - iho vp;irnbln n'i! I suunlied well with timber anil stone fur hiiildimr mtil !
man added, "it is a season of allliction, but we are ! possess ing withal channin landscape views. The college j (-oe tUia Kive "3 of wori- ot" G(x': "a'1 if tho i interfered with the freedom of elections, and Gen.
not forsaken, let us look for support to Ilim ' site is a noble elevation, and includes about fifty acres. The ! work' what mu31 the Workmaa be ! Every part of nature, j J ackson received a torrent of applause in tho ex-
who has promised to sustain US.' He opened the , government has incorporated the college, and appropriated j moreover, wnn which we are acquainted, is full of living
book and read. "Although tho fig tree shall not J eight thousand eight hundred and eighty-eiSht acres of land j "eaturei, with stores of every kind to supply their necessa
blossom neither shall fruit bo on the vino ; the la- toward its endowment. j rie- This liila g'obe l,f our9 is known to contain within
bors of the olive shall fail and fields shall yield no j .-An excellent collection of families are already at work, I it3 bowe!" S' variety of valuable minerals, and to ba
meat; the flocks shall be CUt oil from tho folds and : clearing the soil an I putting up buildings, and the plan!coveret wih about 20,000 different species of vegetables,
there shall be no herd in tho Stall, yet will I re- promises to succeed admirably. Tliara is one feature in the ; 3'000 3:acie3 of worms, 1 2,000 species ot i.)secis,200 species
joice in the Lord; I will joy in the God of my sal- 1 ,,iail that vou will admire. Xodeed is given without in- 1 f amphibious animals 55J species of birds, 2,600 species
serling a clause which provides that the purchase be forfaited 1-"B,,'ml ''' si'ciei uupecis. Uow immense
bv the introduction of intoxicating linuor: it is not to be i the:l ma be the "an.lr of individuals! One fly is found
obi map, and while ho pravea tne wept tears 01 : usn(1 except for medical purposes.
it( 1 . . . i : . : ' j i ,
ters, mason., shoemakers, &c. would not only eniov a com- ' LvvknWk tells us tha, there are more animals in tho j Committee deny the fact and they also repudiate
petency ia tins land, but ia a few years might a'cc'umulate "5t f fih tha" lhere m P the who!3 earth, pnnctple ; and gentlemen have sent abroad
i ."vr ail l!i!se preiue upwards or uo minions ol human i,""k wjiicaui un.."ii nnn.usiiiii uitj. (jim .in.
, I Jetferson tiio lie, and lurther it
Chailcs and Lucy knelt beside
' ..... . ....
It was a sleepless bul not an unhappy ntgttt to
to bring firth 2,000 at a time, and a sinzle cod fish to oro-
I dues maiif more than throe millions and a hrtlf of you i:
expectations. His spirit will animatt
Mate and I ctlcral offices. Again, vt
must then look forward to tho time
when ihe public revenue will be dou
bled, when die civil and military ofli-j
cers will be quadrupled, when its influ
once over individuals will be multi-f
plied to an indefinite extent, when thoi
nomination of tho President can carrvf
any man through tho Senate, and his
recommendation can carry any mens-;?
tiro tnrmigli tlie two Houses of Con
gress: when the svstem nf fn!bV nnr-
tion will be open and avowd ; the Pres
ident wants mv vote, and I want his
patronage; I will vote as ho wishes."
and ho will give mo the office I wish
Ibr. What will this be bul the govern-il
nient of one man, and wlnt is the gov- if
eminent of one man but a monarchy?
Names are nothing."
Perhaps I have satisfied the Sennto in read
ing from all ihe wise objections to this rerorl,niiil
I now put it to tho gentlemen whether it would
not be proper for them, if ihey wi!! not censuro j
a,.wi, i u v i'ii o uiai ijruun i hm ui
v hat the Senior from Missouri etpresspdon this
stil jocf in ls,S. Such were his 6iitiments ihen;
and yet wa have now declarfd in this report that
cfTiee-holdors are not in conflict with the People;
and more, the report has argued fpage 4 that
the patronage of the Government is a disadvan
tage to those in office, and lhaf, on ihe whole,
they would be better withe ut patronage. But, if
it is co, lot them cease to exercise it. They say
these officers have not interfered. Sir, in this en
mucous, Miid in tho face of the fact throughout
tho country 1 Where have theso pentlcnieii
Ml these officers wera continually cif
ho elocti iii.s every where. LVery fdli-
! . . I. I " .. . - I . ! .
jceroi mis iovTnme:ii is on ficctionecrmg otit
j post. Sir, I would not discuss the matter in th
lace of a fact of that kind. Thore are 13,000
poslim.tei, of which, perhaps, 1,000 make a pe
cuniary sacrifice for the office, and 1 usually tako
it for granted that where there is an act of self
deprivation, tho occupant is a Whig. But fhow
me the ofhco of which the income is $"il)Uf or
more, where they ro not continually tugging nt
electioneering for tho Administration. Wo havo
a postmaster in our own little village, who is a
most thorough electionccrer, devoting hia days anJ
nighls to that praisoworthy cmplovincbt, and in
his little caboose of a post office 1 have found c
lectioneoring interlervuces, which the bonortlle
gentlemen of the committee must have been tibia
to discover if thy had been on th spot. At tha
times of elections, the office Is usually encumber
ed with electioneering pamphlets. I have secli
the room crowded all up with "addresses to the
Republican party," calling on tho People of tha
United States to support this Administrated.
(Laughter.) After a public meeting at the Cap
itol, scraps from fleneral Juckson, tho Cilobe, iic.
were served up as a cold hash for breakfast, nnd
were sent forth to tho country as tho manifesto
of the Republican party. I cast my eyes around
tho post ofSce, and there, in staring capitals, wero
to be seent fj!Ioriom Triumph!" "The erect
Democracy have carried Confantinop!o! "(ircat
news from Alabama!"' "The Democratic parly iu
the ascendency!'' "One hundred guns!'' and
thcro present, with his wand, was the master of
these cabalistic?, putting the question, "Will you
not vote for the Democratic party? lie was ad
vocating iho principle which tho pirty once a-
pectation that he would crush this mass of evil j vowed "Principle in proportion tu interest.
which put the country in a foam and raved round And now I put it to Senators whether nflV ohd
And yet the gentleman never heard of j will rise in his plao and sav. on his honor, that
Mr. Jefferson and Hen. Jackson came in un- j he believes Federal officers do hot nav a ta. ttra
der the same conditions, denouncing this as an J rata, for electioneering purposes. WiJanygcn
existing evil, and promising to correct it. And j tlcman even say that he doubts itf f.Vo sicrn.-
,1 ,11.1.--.- . .... . . "
now, as l nave aouucou trio testimony oi Jeiier
son, Jackson, and Clinton, what is the testimony
oi this report? It contradicts and denies the truth
of their testimony. Lvcnifitwero admitted to
be in its nature a grievance, tho renort and the
the throe inhabitants of iho neat and cheerful
dwelling they were about to leave and go they
knew not where. It was then that young Wilson
Ier.rnt tho real value of money. By means of it
he could rrive shelter to those who had kindly re
ceived him when every other door was closed up- ;
! on him. All niijnt long he thought ot the fokgkd .
Tho man uh.i iiit.l f.rth ml nrii(T:TpJ n ! pi rrx r Thpn- imrn ;l f a iv words dronoed bv
homo to thu youth in the hour of sullliin-, was ! Mr. Davis which ho could not dismiss from his ! the '3t day of D3"-b" "" he
Simon Davis." an elderly in who resided near i mind that Crosbv had written to tho owner 0f; passing throngh the State of &outh Carolina, and
Crosbv. and to whom tho hitter was a deadly i iho land and obtained the promise of a deed. ! evening arrived in the suburbs of the town of
tmemv. Undo Simon, as ho was called, never ! It is now time for tha reader to become more i IUl1 111 'ii"-"", oa whom I called
retaliated, nnd bore the many persecution of bis J fully aciviaiiitcd with the history of the young j
vindictivo neighbor, without complaint. 1 lis ! stranger. i
larniiy consisted ot nunseit atui u.mghicr. nts isis latocr v,nar;es isson, senior, was a mer-
Matrimomal Lotterv. A recent traveller in the U.
stales i;ivcs a curious account ol a matrimonial lottery j
which was formed there with beneficial effect, however sin- j IsSATe RESERVE. No man or woman ever told all they
gU.af It may Seeill. thmi'-ht til nv nthnr inai nrunman. Tham t aUrn w r-
beia-3. Fueh is t ie fa mily of the treat Farher here uno;i I J Ctlerson 1110 lie, and lurther It declares them
earth Simyson't Fkafur Religion and the Sacred Wri- : gl"'ly O l8 enormous crime or giving vien. J acK
son the lie, declaring that all which both these
gentlemen asserted on this point is a lie. Mr.
President, this is a very intrepid report
ly marches up to the fuce of Mr. Jefferson, and
I was I ., j 0,. r . i ;,..i ! denounces him at tho verv moment when it nro-
in the ! . t i, am. , rMm -. i fesscs to ground its doctrines on his nrincinles.
, wherel ...,,,,.-,... d:sinj..,iOU,a.. bat ofuw from a 1 Mr. JelTerson said this was an evil: the report
I was quickly in- j wantof mara, caitraze, a i l at other times from the best and says it is none; he says it existed; the report de-
fo-uiod that the faniily vvas invited to a wedding in a neigh-; , . f f l; The dislike to hart and be hurt thei'mesit; he said he would correct it; the report
ays tnat it is unconstitutional ana tyrannical
tonlV child, an affectionate girl of seventeen. j chant of Boston who had acquired an immense ; married, the company was seated, and a profound silence
The youth heard tho offer of Mr. Divis, but ! fortune. At tho close of the late war w hen the '"'"w- A young
heard no more, for overcomo bv his feelings and ' soldiers received from the government their boon- ; company very eloquently; and, in fi.-mhinj his discourse,
BJttremo illnes?, he fell insensiblo to the earth. ty of 100 acres ot land, many of them offered their j begged leave to offer a New Scheme of Matrimony, which
He was conveyed to the house of his benefactor ! patents to Mr. Wilson for sale. Finding that they 1 he believed would be beneficial, and, oa obtaining leave, he
and a physician called. Long was the struggle ; were resolved to sell them he concluded to save proposed 'That one man in the company sjould be select-
rormg nous ; ana on oeing requester, 1 cuaageu my eiotne wUh uot tl o:Ti.IvIl self-love, and many subtle causes, tan j
and went with them. As soon as the youn3 couple wars I toconfirtn janate aaj immovable principle ia human
1 do not yet assert it, but do we not know it? I do
not especially urgo ibis as an attack on tha pres
ent Administration, but it is the nature of thcno
things when they are under int ructions from high
quarters to that effect. Tho Senator from Nevr
Jersey says it is the duty of office-holders to in
terfere in elections.
Mr. Wall. There is nothing of that in tho
Mr. Prostcn. 1 havo just read it to the Senate.
And the Senator from Pennsylvania says, if ha
T, . 1 . t I " t .- ..
1 were 1 rchiucut, lie wouiu appoint oijcers OI Uia
It bold-! own political principles.
Mr. Uichanan, in a low tone, was understood
to say, either that he fdiould not be President, or
that he did not make the supposition that be might
Mr. Prc?fon. May be to; tut iho gentleman
represented it as the duly of the President to ap-
. f- . . . . .
nature: and it is impossible, that erea ia the transports of
lawyer then arose, and addressed the ... and mot imaassioned affeetioo. the whole bo-
sorn thoughts of oaa were ever given to another.
ed as president, should be duly sworn to keep entirely secret
all the communications that should be forwarded to him in
between life anJ death. Though unconscious. ' them from a sacrifice of their hard earnings and
as called upon his mother and sister to aid him. purchase at a fair price all that offered. Iu three
When tho youth was laid upon her bed and she j years no small portion of the military tract came J his official department that night; and that each unmarried
heard him calling for his sister, Lucy Davis wept : into his possession. On the day that Charles be-1 gentleman and lady thould write his or her name on a pie-e
and said to htm, "poor, sick young man, your came oi ago no gave nun a aecu 01 a principal
sister is far distant and cannot hear you, but I will J part of his land in Illinois, nnd ho insisted that he
ho to you a sister. vell did this dark-eyed maiden should go out to it, and ifhe liked the country,
keep her promise. Day and night did she watch settle there. Wishing him to become identified
over him, except at the short intervals wheu she with tho people, ho recommended his son on his
yielded her post at his bedside to her father. arrival in tho state to lay aside his bromJ-cloth
At length tha crisis of tho disorder arrived, the and dress like a backwoodsman.
Origtnal Anecdote. Aii old Mldier, who livied in the
'City of Brotherly Love,' ami woo, by-the-by, was a regular
rum-sucker, waul into tha store of a friend Quaker to ask of
him a shillinor-so, to get a ucc-drori1 ol the. critter. He
inarched np to the counter, and commenced leliing friend
Jonathan his 'hair-bread th 'scapes' and his innumerable
of paper, and under it place the name of the person they j 'perils by fiod a id field,' hipin- thereby ta squeeze a sym
wished to marry: then hand it to the president for inspec- ) pathetic, lilrcry tear Irom the well-lined pocket of his au
tion: and if any gentleman and lady had reciprocally eho- j Jitor. 'Friend,' said Jonathan, 'does thee understand the
sen each other, the president was to inform each of the re- j manual excrcis: ?' 'Aye,' was the prompt reply of the old
salt; and those who had not been reciprocal ia their choice, j Teteran. Well, friend, to the right-about-face! forward
day "which was to decide the question of life or
death. Lucy bent over him w ith intense anxiety,
watching eveiy expression of his features, hardly
daring to breathe, so .fearful was sho of waking
him from the only sound sleep ho had enjoy
ed for nine long days and nights. At length lie
awoke and cazed UQ intra Inn - f T . 1 1 1 r H ii'is
- j- BLav saw iuvu v a a u v r 1 v i
j r ' -1 -" '
oa laintiy enquiera, "where am 1 7 There
as intelligence in that ook. Youth And good
9Mtitutioo had obtained tho mastery. Lucv
wit that he was spared, and bursting into a flood
f irrepressiple, grateful tears rushed out of the
It was two weeks more before he could sit up.
them v I- ime' D.d -rady acquainted
uunime ana residence, but they had
bMhun,"f toJearn Bny thin? further- "-if;-1
PlnS b'9 8tory 1x11 he became strontrer.
W ?S.rMCr!.M Wilson, and his parental
gJj Unston. A few days afterwards, when
C-ed JLW.Y a,bSCnt fr0m homc- ni Lcy cn-
. uia uao, uis pack, and rcco:icctin"
On the morning of hs son's departure Mr. Wil
son received a letter from a man in Illinois, who
had recently writtoa Ho wished to purchase a
certain quarter section at government price,which
Mr. Wilson promised he should have on these
terms, prov ided he forward a certificate from the
judge of the Circuit Court that the land was vorth
no more. The letter just received enclosed the
certificate in question. Mr. Wilson had given
this tract to Charles, and putting the certificate
into his hand enjoined upon him to deed it to the
writer agreeably to premise, on his arrival at Illinois.
The remark of Mr. Davis forcibly reminded
young Wilson of this incident, and on the next
morning after he became acquainted with the de
sign of Crosby, with a trembling hand examined
the certificate. It was written by Crosby, and
the land he wished ta purchase, the identical farm
Astonished that his friend the Judge should cer
tify that the land was worth no more, Mr. D-ivis
asked to sec the certificate, anJ tfter a moment s
kept entirely secret.'
"After the appointment of tho president, communications
were accordingly handed up to the chair, and it was fojnd
that twelve young gentlemen and ladies had made recipro
cal choices; but whom they had chosen, remained a secret
to all but themselves and the president. The conversation
ehaneed, and the company respectively retired.
"Now hear tlie conclusion. I was passing through the
same place oa the 11th of March following, and was infor
med that eleveu of the twelve matches had been solemnized ;
and the youn; gentlemen of eight couple of the eleven had
declared that their diffidence was so grat, that they certain
ly should not hava addressed their respective wives, if tha
above schema had uat beea introduced.
march!!' and tha old hero's
door he marched out, with all the honors 6f war.
point men only of his own principles. And what
nd this is not all, but, liolder than this, though it j then? He would have none in office but men of
A wet Jose. A hardy seaman, who had escaped one of
the recent shipwreckf upon our coast, was asked by a good
lady how he felt when the wares dashed over him. lie re
plied, 'nrel, madam, very wet.
'Dogs bark at the moon ; but the moon shines
not tho less on that account. Thit's a fact, and
ii just so with the loco-focos barking at the Whigs.
There's a reason for you, Mr. Cecil Whig.'
Calamities of Genius. The editor of the
Painsville Republican discourseth t his sub
scribers after the following fashion. 4 Who among
our subscriber", will brins us a few bushels of
corn a few bushels of wheat a few pounds of
butter, a few of lard, and a cheese or two?
We are destitute of all tho above article?, and
have but a pound of flour on hand nor have we
any money to pay for any. Will oar subscribers
consider our wants, without delay f Twelve in
a family and no grain, butter,!ard or cheese; who
will not sav this is a hard case?'
The Hon. Betjajci Pieece, lte Governor of
New Hampshire, died ut his residence ia in Hills
borou2"ufon the 1st instant, at the advanced age
of eighty-two years. At the age of 19 he enter
ed the army at Bur.;- er Hill, and continued to bat
tle for freedom until the close of the war.
Pay proaiptly for tby newspaper, t advance.
might be supposed that the bones of Jefferson were
not to be desecrated, or passed by with irrever
ence, the report goes higher nnd further than this,
it denounces Jackson, and wives him the lie in re
lation to a matter of fact. It dares a conflict with
the power of his opinion.
And with what face can gentlemen tell me that
the combined power of this Government cannot
suppress a grievance which is acknowledged to
exist? What did Mr. Jefferson propose to do by
his individual power? He pledged himself to sup
press this evil before he entered upon his office,
and he did suppress it.
I will not read the report of the Senator from
Missouri, (Mr. Benton,) but refer to a passage or
two, and see how it squares with this report, iu
which honorable gentlemen say,in regard to these
officers, that the People are delighted to trust
them, in blind confidence, with all their rights and
functions. And what said the Senator from Mis
souri, when, in a different position from his pres
ent one, he was a leader in the Opposition?
That the whole of this great power
will centre in the President. The
King of England is the fountain of hon
or; the President of the United States
is the source of patronage. He pro
sides over the entire svstem of jobs and
contracts. He has power over the
support of the individuals who admin
ister the svstem. He makes and un
makes them. He chooses from the cir
cle of his friends and supporters, and
may dismiss them ; and upon the prin
ciples of human action, will dismiss
them, as often as they disappoint his
his party. And then what? He would har
100,000 men bought and paid for, imbued with the
spirit and principles of one man. And will gen
tlemen say that all this would give the party no
support? Will they say they would have lost
ground notwithstanding? Ay, sir, and but for these,
how long ago would their political strong hold at
New York have been broken up? What has been
done there with their millions at the custom-house
which hare at length proved unavailing? And
I hopo that in spite of thce myrmidons, they
will effectually storm that fortress, and that the
party are doomed by the handwriting already 00
Sir, I had hoped, from the growing weaknesi
of the party in power, they would bare manifest
ed a disposition to reform. Bit thij report cloud
that pros;rect, and there is again every causa of
alarm. I hve seen that their ultimate purposes
when matured and manifested, cannot but revolt
every henest and patriotic mind; and I say there
is a natural condemnation in our bosoms of the in
terference of oilice-holders in elections. No man
really approves it. And I will venture to gay
that there is no gentleman now ra this floor who
will say in terms that he approves it . There' ia
an impropriety which we ourselves feel, "if we
would but announce it, io entering the canvass
for the purpose of sustaining or prolonging our
power. Bit alt the principles of liberty on uii
subject come from the'miaority for the time beinp;,
and they are In uniform contrast with the doc
trines of the report of the Senator from New Jer
sey. ( ' '
Sir, ta what condition do we , find ourselves is
regard to the question of patronage? It became)
the duty of m distinguished member from Sooth
Carolina (Mr. Calhoun) te examine) fate) nnd to
report en the power of.the Executive, aad its s
!arminc increase within a few yearff, and, ia t&v