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mUCCMEEKDffllD A IL tt A dd n inn
Be just and fear not: Let all the ends thou aim'st at be thy country's, thy God's and truth's. Henry Vlll.
D. P. UOLLOWAT.
t2,0 0 ZV ADVANCE.
RICHMOND, IA., SATURDAY MORNING, APRIL 17, 1841.
Volume XI. No. 15.
Whole Number 535.
rCBLISIIED BIT BEQUEST.
LEGISLATIVE ATTENTION' TO THE STEAM
A few years ago, a commilleo who would re
port favorably for the Botanic cause, could scarce
ly be found in a legislative body. Now look at
the following bold and manly exposition of the
principles of justice and of common sense, by a
committee of the Legislature of New York, in
which see the final triumph of correct medical
principles, Jaxuaky 30, 1911.
Of the Select Committee on Petitions of numer
ous citizens of the State, praying for the pas.
sae of a law authorizing Thomsonian Physi
cians to collect pay for their services.
Mr. Culver, from the select committee to which
was referred the petitions of numerous citizens
of the State of New York, praying for the pas
sage of law authorizing Thomsonian Physi
cians, under suitable restrictions, to collect pay
for their services: Reports,
The committee hive hid the subject matter of
these petitions under consideration That the
subject is one of a deep and abiding interest to a
very numerous and respectable class of citizens
of the Slate of New York, is clearly evinced by
the Inn continued, persevering and earnest im
portunities with which the petitioners hive prs- j
A .1 ...... l,AC.r. llm f lull. tg. 'Pilot.' !
aeem to hive been neither dismayed at defeat nor
disheartened by rebuke. Their untiring perse
verance seems to put the impress of honesty up
on their designs and objects.
They complain that iheir system of medical
practice is, by the statute of this State, under
legislative condemnation; while i svstern, an
tagonintic to their, having, t their npinion, less
of merit than their own, his endorsed upon it, a
legislative sanction and recommendation.
Ton years anil more have elapsed since the
RovMort Statutes went into elFjct, containing pro-
vision in relation to 'tho practice of physio and
surgery," so at warwith tho rights tnd privileges
of individual, that subsequent legislation ha
blotted nine of tho most odious features of those
provisions from tho statute brok.
By tho Revised Statutes, it was made both a
penal and criminal offlmco to praciisj physic or
surgery in this State without being authorized
by law. The authority required by law was a
license or utploma lium some mcuicaf sotiety or
institution, recognized by the laws of this State.
The offender was subjected to a fine of 23, to
bo sued fir and collected by the overseers of the
pwr; and, in addition to that, was liable to be in
dicted and punished for a misdemeanor; to be fin
ed or imprisoned, or both. Tho people roso up
and remonstrated against this latter provision.
In 19J0 if w.ts iliit.hon ;'' ' -- -
. . i t . i.
part. A modilnation oi tno pcnai pan was m.u
equently procured, cxcmp.mg irom us oper au ui ,
"a person lining the roots barks and hubs, the j
growth or prodiico of the United States
But another provision, and one ot which the I
petitioners now complain, as utij ist, oppressive
unci invMious is ion sianuing upon mo
II is that clause which prevents n "pnysician,
not authorized by law. from collecting pay for
his services ."
The operation of this provision is to compel
tny ona wishing to practise physic, logo through
courso of study prescribed by the medical
schools, pass examination by n board of censors,
recoive a license or diploma, and thereby compel
led, nolens vole.ts, to adopt and endorse the svs
lem. Or the other alternative is to be debarred
ilio right of enforcing his ctaim in law for tho ser
vices rendered .
(If ibis the petitioners complain.
Your committee, being none of them f the
medical profession, nnd none of them practical
Thomsonian, are not prepared or qualified to
I I . 1 . ...... . i i .i n . i f d nfflin
gi uo n.,., ' ...v,: ....... .......
two systems; nor, if competent, would thev lee!
... .- '. ,-. . i . " i
) IT. ii ... A. . ! ..I. mr tn ...... a v c I cm a ll.Q
I... iCr:.,.B... .....I untn..rlrr Artrll It .inttrilitT - I
, - i ,
nro not ilipixiscd to
i .i i;-u
upon long establish-
ii .. i. ,K,a
aiilants. The comniittce nro
n !i inroads and innovations
. . , n i .i, .
-1 .,..im. nnt thffiirirf IIPI'I:! !I V When thfSR I
' .. i . . u i . ii..'
VStem seem lOUUiieo III irmn, mm mini uy
J 7 . 1 . J I
fact and scientiho experience. i$Jl ino neaiing
art, like all others, has been for ages undergoing
changes and improvements, some of them of a
fundamental character. And it would be strange
iadeed if ibis system, an exception to nil others
should stand out alone ns having attained the
oe plus ultra of human perfection. The petition
ers think t!io "regular system," in called, sus
Ciptiblo of great improvement; and most earnest
ly contend (whether suc-essfull v or unsuccessful
ly, ho comoiiiieo will not say,) that the Thom
sonian Sy-iletn." so called, is a decided improve
ment and simplify ilion of the former. It is a cir
cumstance of no sm ill moment, nnd ono whirh
tho committee cannot disregard, that from 30,009
...Ant -- r.l" t . . . I.I i
to 40,003 citizen of this btate have pressed this
. , . , . . ...r.uT ; i...
.u 'i. . .. .j ... .u. i r ,1':. i !
m il Hiev II ivq Hiiiii KVU iiic uinirs vi t j im.i i ; l-
jistice, asking only that even-handed justice
might be dono in the premises. And, while this
boon has been denied them, they allege their
numbers and friends and advocates have been
yearly increasing. Like tho Israelites of old,
tho more they were oppressed the more they
mullip!id nnd grew. Even ihe intelligent of
their enemies, tho more candid of the "regular
profession," admit that tho legislative enactments
so far from effectually suppresing the Thomsoni
an practice, has created a public sympathy, al
together conducive to its support and perpetuity.
Men cannot bo legislated out of one religion and
into another; nor can the Legislature thrust cal
omel and mercury down a man's throat, while he
wills to take only cayenne or lobelia.
The public mind has been sorely fretted by
the legal enactments on this subject; nnd the
more so, as each revolving year has but increased
the advocates of the new system, and, in the es
1 1 ma lion of the petitioners, has brought out new
facts and new proof in favor of their system. And
if the legislature will profit by the experience and
observation of the five years past, it will be satis
fied tbsl our existing laws will no eooner put
down the advocates of the Thom?onian system,
than Canada thistles can be exterminated in June
by cutting down tho stalk, having ten prolific
branches to the root. And, as the committee
have before intimated, while we would not claim j some thirty yean on the old system, has now en
to sit as empires to decide between the contend-j dorsed the new.
ing parties, it is due to the petitioners to state i Messrs. EJgarton, Metcalf nod Dimick, of
two or three prominent points on which they re-j the New York Legislature, in 1323, took occa
ly for the success of their application, and the fi-l sion to investigate and learn, from personal !
nal triumph of their system. j scrvation, the nature of this system of practice
They contend that their system of practice is ; and its result; some of them visited tho patients
founded on tho immutable laws of nature; they j of Dr. Thompson and were eye wittie?33s of ihi
believe it to be a philosophical mode of treating ' mode of treatment and the effect, and all were
disease; they appeal with great confidence to the satisfied of its merits and efficacy. A!ss Messrs.
success which has attended that mode of treat -
ment. They adduce, as evidence of this success,
tho fact that there are now in this Stato two
hundred permanently located practitioners, ob -
laming a competent support in spito ot trio or-
ganized opposition and legislative proscription uii-
der which they h ive been compelled to labor.
1 hey claim that their system, so lar as ihe prac-
tice of medicine is concerned, is a complete sys-
tern; that one skilled in it will in no case have lo j opportunity to appear in person before tho Lign
borrow of the 'regular faculty." ( l.uure and defend thrir system.
They maintain that m m "in his original con-j The committee are admonished that some Icgis
slitution, is ma do of the elementary principles of j lalive action ia called for in this State, from the
matter, and is in health when all the elements of j mwrchof public sentiment abroad. Oil.er States
his nature are in due proportion, or perfectly bai-
anced; that disease ensues whenever there is a
derangement of tho vital functions; or, in other;
I r.il operations of the laws of animal life; that
'hence tho nimropriato offieo of the physician
should bo that of Nature's auxiliary; that tho rem
edies applied should act in harmony with the nat
ural laws of life; that these remedies arc to be
sought for in the garden which Nature has spread
They repudiate the idea that nn absolute poi
son can be safely and efficiently used in restoring
to health. They deny that lobelia is a poison,
and contend that fifty years' use has demonstra
ted that it will not, in any case, produce tho des
truction ofammil organiz ition ; that its enemies
havo again and again been invited to point out
its poisonous properties; that they have failed to
do so, other than by naked assertion.
They contend that iheir term of preparatory
study is properly shorter and less complicated
than the old system, because of tho improved and
simplified process of their practice; they maintain
that they are riot obnoxious to tho charge of
"quackery and empyricism;" that a "quack" is
one who pretends to know what he docs not, and
they profess themselves happy in the reflection
that quacks" are not exclusively confiuod to the
Thomsonian creed, bat may olten be seen wiih
their diplomas in their hand, and dignified with
the title of M. D.
They adduce, as further evidence in favor of
their imnnoe wtm. lh l;et lha.t manv em
inent physicians ol the regular school, meu oi
hitrh attainments and professional skill, havo a-
b JIull,nC(J lhe ola an(, ajop(ed tho new system, and
(h;t ,,.lvoconio i(1 for their share of the
epithets nf "quacks nnd cmnyries;" and these
hemse!vc, wh havo a.c old sH.ool
fo (he neWj not vvi(lst;lt)i1n!? I heir
nn,1r,ti.,n3 to oractico succcssfoll v iu
the formnr, have conceded that those who have
prepared themselves for practice by a simple
compliance with Thomsonian rules, aro equally
skillful with themselves, and equally well nuali-
- i- --- , j
i fi'jd lo practise on that system; from which ihey
j infer, the old courso of preparation is not indispcu
sablo to a successful practice in the new.
I They complain of another grievous imposition;
j that is. tint students who conscientiously believe
in tho superiority of the Thomsonian svstern, can
not obtain diplomas from the regular school's, even
though they may have passed lhe orduai of exarr
ination; that, however well qualified, they cannot
obtain license to practise from the medical socie
ties now organized bv law, unless ho renounces
his "hereti'Vil notions" in medicine; and, in sup-
ff ,aia, ,hey .lllIo ,u ,ho cxp,,-..,,, 1
' . , ' ti u j i n
f a Montg-mierv, llerey, blunder., Roullon,
s - y M
nrilTm and other, for tavin uvowed their he-
lief in ihe superiority of lhe Thomsonian svstcm.
... ., .
' hv henco contend that Ihey are compelled to
. r . . . J . 1 ., , I
sacrifi.e nn honest conviction, or stand proscribed j
sacriii.-e nn nonest conviction, or stand oroscri
bv tho enactment of the L"2islaturo.
- . ... . ., . . . . .
111 nrl.litliin t f. nil lh Mm n.t f inn r
some high and distinguished authorities from the
regular school, in support of their theory and
.: a. i i.r.u- .1 .. i.. I
oiiuncc ill inn oriiti hi iii. mi i iii'i iin.5 sii. iilis
loo learned Dr. Bnjimin Waterhouse, late Pro-fps-or
of ihe Theory and Practice of Medicine in
II irvard University. 11a was Professur. twenty
Dr. Wateihousr, as early ns 1S31, expressed
his confi ienco in the Th'im"niin system; hon
ored its founder, Dr. Samuel Thompson, ii h lhe
title of Reformer; wurmiy comm-mded the uso of
lobelia ami tho vapor-baih; proo.iuiiT.I the use
of them, in sagu-ious h.nd.--, nn improvement
valuable in practice; bore testimony th;;t. like
" l ii . c i.i .1... .t ..r.i.- . i i
111. MILT 11 3 ' I , nrj .I'l.ii'iT hi i j s;i cm II a o
wiselv studied the book of nature. Another au-
thoriiv from the
regit. ar scnooi is ur. Montgome
ry, an eminent physician in South Carolina, who
attended tho lectures of Drs. Rush, Woodhouse
and Barton, at Philadelphia, was a graduate of
one of our colleges.
After a trial of both systems, ho frankly gave j
in his adhesion to the latter, and renounced the
Dr. Ingalls of Boston, nn eminent physician of
the regular school, in 1S3"2 recommended ths pre
paration and composition of Doctor Thomson's .
medicine, ns both new and useful. Dcfor Fur-'
sell, of Maryland, late of the University of that;
State, after twelve years' practice on the regular !
svstem, expressed his dissatisfaction with the j
enecis ot the lancet, calomel, opium nnd nitre,
nnd his entire confi lence in the improved system. 1 are the man most folks out of offi-O write to, who
Horatio Gates, E-q. nn eminent merchant cf.Mon- have any business with vour G ivcrnment in For
treal, known very favorably to the commercial i oinrn m. nr.ro I Ail think at first. I would send
world, expressed his favor able opinion of ihe man- j
tV t nn. 63 Asiatic Cholera by j
Dr. J. Thomson. j
Dr. Ilerses-, pf Ohio, late surgeon in ihe Armv, j
one of the founders of the Western Medical So- '
e.iety; and formerly a member of the Ohio State '
Medical Society, after forty years practice in the!
regular school, vouches for the merit, utility an 1
superiority of the Thomsonian System.
Dr. Marvin Smith, of Connecticut, a member
of the regular State Medical Society, practised
1 Eldridao end Sooer. of the Assemllv. in 1S2V.
and Messrs. Hammond nnd B-ickman, members
in 1839, were satisfied, from a person al enquiry
j of those who hid been subjects of this treatment,
lot its success.
The committee, in jisiice to the petitioners,
'have felt called on to spread out, in ibis report,
some tew of the moid: oii which thev rest their
j application, especially as thev would not have an
have taken tho lead in this matter. Maryland,
in 1833, abolished thrso restrictions
It i be-
lieved Georgia did the same iu 1S10
land and Pennsylvania have no such restrictions;
and Vermont and Maine havo blotted them from
their statute books, ono in lS33andono in 1S3U.
From all these facts and indications your com
mittco think that justice should be done to the pe
titioners; that these prohibitions should bo remo
ved; that their system should bo left to stand or
fall on its own merits, unaided by any "special
legislation" and unfettered by any special legis
Your committee believe this, and this onl", will
allay tho irritation of lhe public mind on this sub
ject. Professor Eaton, of Troy, who is one of the
petitioners, &. who has been soma years a profes
sor iu a regular medical institution, nnd whose
professional standi ig and reputation entitle his
opinions to groat weight, is iu favor of tho legis
lation asked; his recommendation is to let tlipm
make their trial nnd collect their pay, believing
that experience is better than theory.
It is due to the petitioners to stato that, while
they nsk these legislative restrictions removed,
they do not ask to be exempted from responsibil
ity, civil and crimnal, from mal practice. They
wish to stand, in this lesptct, on a level with oth
Your committee, therefore, without seeking to
endorse tho one or condemn tho other of these
systems, choose to rest tho legislation asked for
on the broad ground of j istico and absolute rigl,t
Jy'h ?,eV"ll1l' a!''; a mersuro f P'iblic pol
conclusion in favor ol fhe prayer ol the petition
ers, and directed their chairman to ask leavo to
introduce a bill.
Reward fo LiBERiry. Mr. Loyal!, of Nor'
folk, and Dr. Butfcr, of S.niihfield, Va. both Lncos.
have been re-appointed by General Harrison.
Referring lo these appointments of political op
ponents, the Richmond W'hi aks: "Docs the
President receive any credit for this liberality?
Not an iota. Ritchie and his clique abuse him
with as much venom as thoagh he had literally de
capitated them nnd all ihe rest of tha immacu
late Loco Foco officcdiolders."
Thcro is in fact but or.a way in which Presi
dent Harrison and tho pcoplo who elected him,
could satisfy or gratify ihe party who, for the
twelve years ending on tho 4th of March, had
full and uncontrolled possession of tho spoils. That
one way would be, to leave Ihosc loco possessor,
of twelve vears standing, in the same absolute
uncontrolled possession. Tiicv might pcrhap lis
ten with some shew of patience to i he t bcoretical
changes; but to nothing practically
Hill ....u.u ,
tend io cireuinscribo or interrupt their cij iy merits
of power and place. If all power and place were
iu lhe hands of locofocoism, H might perhajis
speak doubting! v) cf.nse toalmse the people .
idont. Appla"se, even under these circum
stances would bo foreign to its nature. But the
slightest sin of approaching ablactation, elicits
an answering" squeak, nnd brings forth from the
proscribers a cry of "proscription," which rever
berates from the "thousands hills" about New Or
leans, even to the disputed territory. For twelve
long years the whole body of the power and pa
tronage of tho Government has been in possession
of bicofocoism. Yet now 'Met but a finger ncho"
with apprehension of 'chmr,M nnd its sufferings
tecome intolerable Halt. Patriot.
From the Xe.v York Expresi.
We commend the following loiter especially to
our transt.ii I uitic brethren, simply remarking
that in representative Governments, like England
and the United States, tho action of Government
must mainly depend on public sentiment.
A largo portion of tho present generation of
both countries know little personally of the ter
rors and crimes of war, and this fact may account
in part for the light and ca-cless manner so grave
a subject is treated by many.
IVe approve of the m ij r's temper in discuss
ing tho matter, nnd hope with him to live to see
i?.e great Anglo Saxon race spread far nnd" wide,
improving, as they extend, with god laws, good
mora!?, nnd a general dispensation of human hap
piness. Washington, March S, 1941.
To John Bull, Esq.
Sir I see. in readincr th newspaper, that vou
this letter to the Q ueen herself, so there would
be no mistake about it, as I find the best was, nf-.
tcr a, js Q go righl ta ,he head of the family
but it is now going on thirteen years next grass :
sinco 1 wrote a letter to anv kind of woman folks.
and the last was to Miss. Hepsy Ann Appleby, j
wb- kept a school at Saco, about a little court-'
ing matter; and I riled her considerably by calling
her an angle instead of an angel and she sent mo
back about as sharp and sour a:i answer us ever
a man got there want1! a bit of thai paper that
would'ot turn r. pan of roiik quick us a piece
of runnit and all owing to that accident in my
putting an L. before an E. and she having a lee
tle crook in tho back which I never thought on
but women are pellicular folks in such things and
if you touch cm on a soft spot, tho tat is in the
fire right off and so I said I never would trv my
hand in writing any on'em a letter again ; and thai
is tho main reason why 1 don't send this letter to
the Queen instead of iu you.
I have been considerable about this country
from Est of sunrise to West of sunset, and fr;m
ihe North where tho wild geese go in summer, to
tho South where they pass the winter, and I have
got a notion that I know pretty much how folks
fee! and think here about most matters ; nnd there
is noway in me worli to get this fcnowle.igi, un
. . . .
I i - a itr I ii tYt '.lltirt nliAfil with l.a :ra ind l-i' .'tir
is-7 u ihiiioiiii-; uoui mi iu oa tiini ii'itiiih
politics, and farming raid lodging and frtc-;:tn
j boiti.ag and rail ro iding, and matters of that na- j
j :nro, and no man ran tell exactly huw things are
likely to work in this co-jntrt, unless he has wet
his lt:ct and watered his licker from the IV nob-'
sroti to the Mississippi and supposiujj you would
hko to get the honest notions of such a man, r.nd i
seeing that there
is soma matters ot nnsoiiucr-
s oi m.s.inocr-
; nm! I. tat oj
s'anding celling 111 betwixt tho two
thought it best to send you a letter
might know it is genuine, I let my printers print
it, nnd put my figor head at the top on t s i!
ono mail miscarrys the next may reach you. S
In reading over tho newspapers r.nd the pro- j
ceedings of your Congress, I see thai there is a
notion in England that folus in this country want :
to take Canada, and to prevent this, reports say
you are going to push more troops with ri d coats
ioto Canada, and are omi to build war steamers
on tho Lakes, and nlso to organise troop3 with
black faces in the West Indies, nnd so forth. It
those reports aro true, you are making about ns
frcat mistake ns if vou was to nut on vour blurt
tail end uppermostunless you want to bring on ! Now ns beforo snid, if you take my ndvica it
a difficulty, nnd if that is the case, then you aro i Don't wast money in an idle- protcction.'as
tloing exactly right. j you call if, of your Colonies here; just keep iriil-
The truth of this matter is, that except a few j itary force enough to aid your civil authorities, in
unruly scamps, chkfly from Canada, along tho j executing the lw?, nnd if such a force is rcquir
Iines, their aint a corporal's guard in all this coun- j d, make it militi a as far as practicable. Good
try nat'rally disposed to disturb the power of Can- ! Laws won't require much to aid them; push Ihe
ada, much less taking possession of it ; and the ! Common School principle, and that always makes
less able Canada was to oppose a conquest by lhe j good men nnd mihtia loo, for it creates a corn
States the more secure sho would be from it, fir , ,rn interest. Givo your soldiers "quarter seo
our folks would go right in and help thrash out any J tions" of land in Canada, and put them all on
set of scamps who should tro in there to disturb ; half pay, to aid them in clearing up ground for a
ihe pence. But if you don't believe iu this stale year or two, and Ihoy will soon become profitable
of public feeling, n.id on tho contrary gf on and ! citizens, instead of paid soldiers. And then what
crowd in tight ing f.dks, and build war steamers consequence is it to England's glory or England'
on the Lakes our folks must do the sama to keep
an cyo on you, and when wc come toc.alkilate the
exoense on't we rnav come lo tho notion that vour
IH1K5 arc CAplMISIvu iieijoiooi?, uihj tnu ucm .
wooiu oo m gei no ot sum neignuors, nno men
will come had blood nnd fiahiinw, nnd if that be-
... . . . -.. ...
gins it won't cend till one or toihcr knocks under,
an ! you can guess which is tho mr?t likely to do
i i j .
so as well ns I can. War is bad cnuf between
foreigners but it is shocking unnatural and ugly
between folks speaking plain English.
1 see nlso that sonic of your folks, in England
think there is a nal'ral animosity growing tip bo
twixt lhe two nations nf late. If ibis is so il is
owing main'v to yourselves nnd il will keep grow-
i ing j ist ns fist ns you takf
3 tho measures you do
. :.: .1
to protect, ns you say 4ner majc
I - , ....
! Canada is English. Gr, if the folks along the line
J had nny other mother tongue than English, wo
should have changed boundary lino long ;nd long
.ago. Dj you think that wn would havo been able
i to work along peaceably with neighbors v. lies?
! It:.t ll.i nnim.isilv it nnv fnnrr? is 14 nr.! :. imn
lino Ienco divnJcs uvers nnd I. lies witn Uj oip-
ping in here, and cutting across iIitc if tin
mother tongue mule 'out 'or si
or "j spc.l
folks made fif
tV's:. Jiri; "n o '4 iilr wni
i lexis! tin are cilips ol Ilio olj Angi) oixnn
block, and think the safest boundary line betwixt
S us nnd nations that don't sneak plain English, is
i sail water. It was j ist so when vou owned this
, . . - . . ... .
eouirv tnre was no peace ana qui"i so long
as the "O n" folks owned Canada and Nova Sco
tia, and when nt I.i't vou conquered them the
only mistake you made was in letting that lingo
bo spoken in laws,
ward discontent nn
I h.s kept up a constant in -
d glumhlmg, nil a few ears
ago il broke out in a fresh spot, nnd your soldiers '
... - . .... .1 - .1 .V..;. 1 1 1 nt a nrtA l.i.rnl
"'tis si in oil norm tioo uoi uitu ,.i.u.io ..ii... .. ..
their houses, nnd this was considered so strange ! "nent. ia its wav-settmg forth general Pr,n
and inhuman by some of our folks near tha lines, ! "P'- hcn Congrcs, meets ho w.ll give
who oooM not see the necessity in a country of 3 not.ona tnore particularly on matters that
laws for tho unnal'ral severity, that thev bristled C,rCSS'3 ',ke!y lo oct c"'-
right up, by a sort of a nal'ral animal sjmpathy. j Times hero at present in tho money way ere
jiTt ns the pigs do when thoy hear a squeel of one j not vrT gooi), owing to tho fact that joar coun
of thir kinifcaughi hy a gitcor a tln2 without i ,r cncl 'Jr country both about tho rams time,
stopping to innui7o whose pig he is, "bristles up ( some fivo years r go, look a notion to limit the
and shows fight. There is nbout the amount and power of their two respective pnper money rrgu
cause oftheprcsont frontier feeling, and it seems lators supposing it would make matters better
nnt'ral to tho Anglo Sixm family nnd dies a ' h'lt the experiment proved otherwise. The
nal'ral death as soon ns tho cause i3 explained and j Banks in both conutrics puffed tho bladder
examined into. ' l hurst, n"d then want of confidence followed
I don't care to say nnv thing in this letter a-j d very high price fell to very low prices
bo it the N E. boundary line, or tho horning of J credit came down to hard currency for cred
th Caroline, or the capture and trial of McLeod, jit end confidence is pretty much like eteam, which
or tho taking or examining our vessels on the coast can lift mighty piston rods and turn big wheels,
of Africa, or the Orema claims, and things of but when a cold breath is thrown upon it nnd it ia
that nature, all that Is the business r.f the Go- condensed, its power is reduced to a small quan
vernment, and thev are all mattersof law nnd tily of cold water. But foreign nation, rousn't
i n ."i .!,,. r,,;n .viit think because vour country and my country
mosi-como out strait, no matter whose toes are
pinched. But there is one thing I will say-
.1 I ... . ! I k a atA n Kas-a frim TilflA
Hie I1W Will ll'I'O l'5 ts.. I1VI uaa-swDi
..k S .orrmo trihunaL nnd no mm. or
set of m?n can prevent it, nnd no nation can
awe it nnd it is all g-od old English law too.
If a treaty says a line 6hall run thus or so thut
or so it will go jut as a deed of a farm runs.
If in free countries, like England and America,
;fuik have a right to go where they please they
I mti rrr, n nrl if ihpV i n V rd Ol hf T COU O t T C S and get
cau(Tht . lt j3 their look out, nnd thev must sutler
tho consequences, they can't claim tho law of
t!lc;r country to protect ihem, though they may
cia,-m if ihey can, its animal sympathy.
Now, to show you how this work; whit has
been jone by this country to shield the fo!k who
cot caught in Canada, making war thcro from
this side! iScihtng. Ion handed some, end oth
ers you sent to Bottar.y Bay, by the law, and
Mat was right, presuming they had a fair trial
:;n J we tihall du the samo on all occasions and
; that will keep things str ait by the law, and bo
! assured of one tiling, that wo bhal! never hang a
man nerc, un.c.s it is clearly shown lv ilia law
. !le richly deserves it, fi a man has to make con
; siderabie interest hero to get handed- the natur
of our folk, preferring to shut bun uo if he is i
i man nnd keep him from doiiv
harm 'nil he is fit
to let out, and get an honest liv inc.
I Bat tn return to general matters if you will
; take my advice-nnd its honest though it may not
lo understood if you desiro to keep peace be
tween two important branches of tho great Anglo
Saxon family quarrel (the worst of all quarrels)
i don't give cause of jealousy between your pos-
- . , lh , , , ' . . ......
: . -. . . v.. 'uia . v ti ....... i , utiu uu i p . .iii.i uirii r ill
, . . . O
may be consiilered here n ir.tention to attacli,
and that may Lrirg gun for gi.n and then guns
want sculling occasionally anil ealuto niny bo
mistaken 1th of J;j!y "r.nd 22ntl February,
and eL'th of Jumary, may not ngrro with
some of your great days, tnd slight mistakes may
load to greater events; and our folks don't like to
pay for tno expense ol watching neighbors. You
. VV(), . j 6CJJ n, jf n JjnQ ftf ,oun Jtry dyi,
ded your river Tlnmss, or cut across ono of your
c,jUrstjcs nRj rC(j C,JU,3 on oilo tliQ H(j coats
I don't pretend to account for it but such is the
nature of the breed a willingness to fTght if only
to dlinw that they nro not afraid of Icing licked;
and there is no other people, since the days of
Adam who havo shown tins like the people who
( fr-penu nat 'rally. 1 ney never was known yet (ex
: copt among thomselve) to ngree to stop fighting
i bocauso they feared they would havo theworA
j of it; arid this comes from iheir true rcIigion,nnd
j true law, nnd their Jove of bulb beyond uli other
happiness whether they choose to live under law
of their own and pay their own taxes so long es
thoy speak and pray in plain English, nnd extend
ro fif Imrrnn llbertV nnrl umiurl, two
f . T . 1 - -
: n,lris mai okj only Known to that tongue and
jcan'l bo written or clearly itnderilnoil hv n'n
t o c .i i . . J r
; thcr. Swarms cf the old Hive, who nro ready
! to cavil nnd dispute among ihcmpelvcs on miner
points, but in any great contest between liberty
nnd oppression are always true to the main chtmco
libcrly.and good order. This 13 the doctrine that
should prevail at tho old Hive. It makes no odd
in what quarter of tho world these ewnrm9 may
go, they aro part nnd parcel of the Mother is a
-.r...7.l n.,a l. I : t :! -
iu...-, uiu oiiuu.j uo utuiuco If possible lor BS
j tncy prosper, so you prosper if they fall, you
i may fall nnd who can then tell what linnoehall
if : . "..
lie 11V. r.iPM.'npra mit. rr.t .r.An... .11 .1
, - - - - ... . j m- u jvi iiju 1 nil Ills
world ever; nnd when that is tho c?se, I for one,
if living, would just ns leave bo in Araby as nnv
i thing else; fir ono placo is just ns unsafe ns nny
I other, when folks don't speak plain English,
I This doctrine-, nrrlniw won't tn!i r..t?..
j but the time is come to speak out trulv and fiank-
ir i Iv. 'I ha Anrrln-S lTdn fimilr ..linn.... t..-i 1
f)iu9t be true to themselves, to Iheir law?, their
; rriirrion. n n:l thrir nnlinn of lt.imr.
p,. ... . . ... ,,VJ , , u(
ioi 1.1 -n. , a in 1 y iriomfm. no BIIOUIU tell all na-
tions to keep peaeo or we enall mako them do so.
nn.j 11 wo wa.K in nmong'cm, it m only to teach
'em English and steam power nnd by common
schools and other improvement put aside human
I send you with this a copy of Gen. Harrison's
InnniifTiirnl nn.'rtea I r, r f.-OL-a t..f... I.. iA..f.
; ,ho oalh te administer, ns Presidenl, Iho laws of
lJl3 Uni,C( SfatM
Il is considered here a considerable complete
i can't pay nil debts, in genuine gold and silver
j can i pay an ceuu, iu u gum unu tn
1 a demand, that we nre poor and can't pny debt
lor Ght for rights. You fought nnd lick'd pretty
much all creation, (except ns) with paper money.
and we can do that loo no a pinch, end continue
fighting and then working till wo bring our pa
per money to fhe value of gold, just as you did.
If I write you another letter, I will tell yoa
the best and mot economical way for you to
spend your money in this quarter cf creation;
butfoj the present, depend on it the worst use
you can mike of it is to spend it on troopt io Can
ada or building steamcrs-on tho Lket, organizing
nigser regiments in the Wet Indies. And if yon
don't think so now. you will before yon bear more
from vour obedient servant,
J. DOWNING, Maj. &C