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B AND SUN-TELEGRAM. VOL. XXXII. NO. 249. RICHMOND, IND., TUESDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 15, 1907. SINGLE COPY, 2 CENTS. POWDER EXPLOSION SHAKES THE STATE; MANY ARE MISSING EXCITEMENT CREATED BY BERLIN DISPATCH English Yacht With British Naval Officers Seized. WATSON ARGUES IN FAVOR OF A SHIP SUBSIDY FOR U. S. FIRST OF THE EXPRESS REPORTS IS FILED Shows Pacific Company Is Doing Real Well. ROBBERS SECORE $2,000 AT COOPERSTOWN. PA. Blew Safe in the Postoffice With Dynamite. FRIENDS MttTING ATTORNEYS CLASR III GREER'S CASE; JOHNSON OBJECTS Charges Attorney John F. Rob bins With "Butting in" Where He Had No Business, TO BEGIN TONIGHT; DELEGATES ARRIVE fant of the Dupont Powder Company at Fohtanet Is Destroyed and Twenty:five Men May Have Perished. TTY of brazil suf fers FROM THE SHOCK. Seven Hundred People Are Rendered Homeless as a Result of the Catastrophe, Which Is Unexplained. PlRE ADDS TO THE DAMAGE. Almost Instantly After the Explosions, The Entire Mass of Ruins Was ' Seething in Flames. Brazil, Ind., Oct. 15. In an explosion he shock of which was felt more or lees distinctly throughout the state, the Du Pont powder mills, at Fontanet, two miles from here and twelve miles from Terre Haute, were completely de stroyed this morning at 9:15 o'clock. The cause of the catastrophe will nev er be known, but as a result of the terrible accident not less than twenty five men are missing, the town of Bra zil is badly demolished and more than TOO people are rendered homeless. ' While absoutely no clue is at hand for ascertaining the cause of the explo sion, it is known that a fire started in the glazing room and in an almost in credibly short time every one of the seven buildings of the company were Jn flames, most of the employes being caught in the burning buildings with out any warning of the slightest char acter. Explosion Soon Follows. In Just a few moments after the flames weref discovered in the glazing room, the first ezposion occurred, one of the buildings seeming to raise sa pernaturally into the air. This was the shock that set off all of the other depositories, and one after another the great structures were hurled into a great mass of flying material. Re ports from the neighboring localities we to the effect that three distinct chocks were felt. Caught on Fire. Almost instantly after the three ahocks the debris caught fire and in A very few minutes the entire shape less mass was a seething, roaring fur naoe of flames. There were 75 em ployes in the different buildings of the company at the time, and as near as can be determined at this time IS men we missing:, many bodies ring already ben recovered, none of which can be identified. At the morgue at Fontanet ton bodies have already been recovered and placed for identification, if possible. A switch engine was standing near the factory sito and it was completely hurled from the tracks and all mem bers ot the crev thrown from the cab. Engineer C ries Wells was se verely injured ab-at the legs and was fcurned by scalding water from the " ' (Continued on page 2.) DR. S. E. BONO WILL SPEAK TO W. R. I. A. Will Give Stereopticon Lecture On Tuberculosis. NEXT FRIDAY EVENING. An invitation has been extendedTo nil people residing in Richmond to at tend the stereopticon lecture of Dr.. S. E. Bond, to be given under the auspices of the West Richmond Improvement association at the Baxter school next Friday evening. An earnest eudeavor is being made to make the meeting the largest attended session of its kind ever held in the city. Invitations read ing as follows have been extended o people generally throughout the city and particularly those residing on the West Side: ( You and your friends are most cor dlaly Invited to attend the meeting of the West Ttiehmond Improvement as eociat' Baxter school building. Frici' ag, October IS. Dr. S. e! Bon ,e a stereopticon talk .in tube,.. 1. This subject is of vital Importance! to our city and we sincere ly trust you will be present to hear the discussion. IN FORBIDDEN WATERS. London, Oct. 15. Excitement was created here by a dispatch from Ber lin saying the English yacht, with British naval officers, was seized by a German torpedo boat at Borkani. The officers were suspected of making soundings and taking photographs in forbidden waters. . ELLEN ZELL DEAD An Aged Resident of Milton Passes Away. Mrs. Ellen Zell. aged eighty, widow of John Zell, died at the home of Mrs. Elizabeth Cochran, which she had shared for many years, Monday even ing. She had been ill a long time, but her death came unexpectedly. The fu neral will be held at the M. E. church Wednesday at 2 p. m. Burial at West Side cemetery. GYMNASIUM WILL BE All IMPORTANT PART OF Y.M.C. A, Provision Will Be Made in the Local Structure for One of The Very Best in the State Of Indiana. MUCH INTEREST IS SHOWN IN THIS WORK. Third Insfallment of Subscrip tions to Building Fund Are Now Due and Large Sum Was Received. There will be no more handsome or better equipped Y. M. C. A. gymnasi um among the many in the state of Indiana than the one to be erected in Richmond, according to the statements of the directors and members of the building committee. Secretary George Goodwin is also very enthusiastic as to its character. Naturally, the young men of the city are very much inter ested in this feature of the Y. M. C. A. building and officers in position to know anything of the interior plans, are daily besieged with questions as to the "gym's" makeup. It will occupy the west side of the Y. M. C. A. building on the first floor, and will be r x TO feet, one of the largest gymnasiums in the tKate. It will be constructed entirely on sanita ry plans. At the south side there will be a ten foot light and ventilating shaft, while large windows will be con structed on either side above and below the running track that all the sunshine available may enter. The floors will be white maple. The running track, one o, the more vauable adjuncts to a modern gymna sium, will be built along the most modern systems. It will be six feet in width, the widest in the state, and will be twelve feet above the floor. It will probably be padded with cork, as it is generally recognized that this is better for running tracK purposes than any other means, as it furnshes great er elasticity and protects the runner against the hard flooring. The track will also be used as a bal cony when contests of any character are progressing on the main floor of the gymnasium. Only the very modern gymnasium apparatus will be used and everything will be purchased with its lasting abil ities in view. Nothing cheap will .'je purchased. In the basement will be located the swimming pool and shower baths. The swimming pool will be L'OxOo feet and will vary in depth from three and one half to eight feet. A system of lock ers will be constructed. Physical Examination. In connection wit the gymnasium the physical instructor's office and med ical examination room will be built. Here each Y. M. C. A. member will re ceive a physical examination before entering either of the various gymna sium classes and his weaknesses point ed out and work prescribed which will tend to remedy such. Secretary Good- wine made the assertion this morning that the Y. M. C. A. physical director whoever he might be, would be one who knew just exactly what he was doing, would have a good medical knowledge. This was absolutely es- isential to the success of a physical di- i rector he said, and all men attempting to qualify as Y. M. C. A. physical di- (Continued on Paga Two.) MRS Declares It Is the Only Possi ble Way in Which the Trade with South American States Can Be Secured. DRAWS STARTLING COM PARISONS FOR EXAMPLE. Regards It as Lamentable That While America Leads In Many Other Lines, It Is Behind in Ocean Traffic. About two hundred business men cf this city heard Congressman James E. Watson speak Monday evening at the Commercia club rooms on business top ics of natioal importance. The title of Mr. Watson's address was "Our Trade Relations with South America," but the burden of his remarks pointed to the necessity of a ship subsidy law, our insignificant commerce with the South American republics being used by the speaker as an example for the necessity of such a law. At no time in the course of his remarks did Mr. v atson touch on subjects of a politic al nature. Mr. Watson's urgent pica for a ship subsidy law seemed to meet the approval of his audience. Mr. Watson drew startling compari sons between the ocean traffic of the United States and European countries, showing how greatly America is be hind, and advanced explanations for the situation. Each time he return ed to the ship subsjdy as a remedy. On this he quoted McKinley Roosevelt and Root, and in connection with his refer ence to Roosevelt, paid uie president the most flattering tribute. He be lieves that the establishment of lines of steamers, subsidized, is the only means of capturing the South Ameri can market. He pointed out the woe ful lack of communication beyond the Carribean, stating that not one vessel from the United States makes a South American port beyond that sea. Mr. Watson enlarged upon the suprem acy of the United States in many oth er ways and then declared we should have the control of the world's carry ing trade. Essentials for Prosperity. Mr. Watson, at the opening of his address, stated that there were three essentials for our national prosperity, first, a stable government; second, steady employment of the laboring classes: third, an adjustable market. He stated that last year our exports from farms and factories amounted to $1,200,000,000. and of this amount 70 per cent went to Europe. Our imports to South America last year were only valued at $7o."MX.000, or 4 per cent of our export trade. Our imports from the republics of South America last year, the speaker stated, were valued at $ir,0O0.000 or twice the amount of our exports. Mr. Watson pointed out that the United States by the Monroe doctrine, stood sponsor for the rights and liberties of our South American neighbors, but at the same time Eu rope monopolized the trade of these republics, the United States only sell ing to the Latin republics 5 pr cent of what they imported from the world at large. Mr. Watson then pointed out the ne cessity of a merchant marine. He said that the government was building the Panama canal at a cost of hun dreds of millions of dollars, but that when it was completed the ditch would be monopolized by the ships of our commercial rivals. At the present time our exports are carried nearly ex clusively in foreign bottoms. In South America, the speaker stated, the people had never heard of the United btates as a commercial power, notwith standing the fact that the annual out put of our factories, mines and farms is greater than that of any country since the beginning of history. The reason why the South Americans have never heard of the United States as a commercial power. Mr. Watson stat ed, is because our flag is never seen in those waters except when our war ves sels carry it there. What few Amer ican exports are carried to South America are taken under the flags of our commercial rivals. Foster All Except Shipping. Mr. Watson stated that the Ameri can government fostered every com mercial enterprise but our internation al shipping interests. He said that not until the government offered encour agement to our merchant marine the United States coud not hope to become a great maritime power. Mr. Watson (Continued on Page Four.) A LECTURE ON MEMORY. A free illustrated lecture entertain ment, "An Hour With the Master of Memory" will be given by J. W. Clarke, author and traveller, at the Garfield school at S o'clock, Thursday evening, "Oct 17. Admission is free. OPERATED ON C, C. & L. When the Indiana Railroad commis sion resumes its investigation of the affairs of the express companies doing business in Indiana a series of reports regarding the business of the last year filed by the different express compa nies under the new railroad com mission law will be scanned rather closely. The first of these reports was fild Monday by the Pacific Express com pany. The report shows the amount of money earned by the company din ing the year ending June :v. It says the Pacific, company, after a dividend of 0 per cent was declared, had a net surplus of earnings on the year's busi ness of .$.'.".".:."". In pursuing its investigations of the affairs of the express companies the commission has had in mind the fact that the companies have been making a good deal of money in the las few years. In Indiana the Pacific operates over the Wabash and -the Chicago, Cincin nati & Louisvile lines. The report says that the Pacific Express company has a total mileage of 2,0(54, of which 577 miles are in Indiana. GARTSIDE DAMAGE CASE IS ON TRIAL Action in Which the Plaintiff Seeks to Recover $7,000 From the City. EXPERTS GIVE EVIDENCE. SEVERAL MEN TESTIFY AS TO DE CREASE IN VALUE OF GART SIDE PLANT WHEN STREET WAS CLOSED. The case of William Gartside against the city of Richmond for $7, 000 damages for the closing of a part of North Fourteenth street so that the Hoosier Drill brpnch factory of the American Seeding Machine com pany could be enlarged, opened Mon day in the Henry circuit court at New Castle. After several witnesses for the plaintiff had been examined In the forenoon, the case was continued until Wednesday owing to the fact that those participating in the trial nearly froze to death, the steam heat ing plant at the court house going out of commission. The plaintiff, who is the proprietor of the Diamond Clamp & Flask com pany, was represented by Attorney T. J. Study of this city and Attorneys Forkner & Forkner of New Castle. The city is represented by Attorneys John F. Robbins and A. M. Gardner of this city and Attorney Barnard of New Castle. The plaintiff alleges that by the city's action in closing a part of North Fourteenth street between North E street and the Pennsylvania railroad, his property was damaged to the ex tent of $7,000. Attorneys for the prosecution placed on the stand four experts to prove that this property had been damaged. L. H. Bunyan testified that before the street was closed the ground was valued at $1, 350, the factory building worth $9,500 and the machinery $4 000. After the closing of the street, Mr. Bunyan tes tified, the ground was worth $675, the building $4,750 and the machinery $3. 000. W. L. Thornburg testified that before the closing of the street the ground was worth $1,500 and the building $9,000. Since the closing of the street, he stated, the ground was worth $750 and the building $4,500. Benjamin Parsons testified that be fore the closing of the street the ground was worth $1,500 and the building $S,500. Since the closing of the street the ground was worth $750 and the building $4,200. O. B. Fulg hum testified that the ground before the closing of the street was worth $1,250 and the building $9,000. Since the closing of the street the ground was worth $625 and the building $4 -500. In cross examining Mr. Bunyan, At torney Robbins asked him if since the closing of the street the cost of dray age, expressage and other things in cidental to shipping had not been in creased if he considered that Mr. Gartside had been damaged. Mr. Bun yan replied "no." Mr. Robbins taen asked him if the city had placed a fire plug closer to the factory build ing for better fire protection would he consider the plantiff damaeed in this respect. The witness replied in the negative again. Mr. Robbins for the city gave the four experts an uncom fortable time in the cross examination "and he and Attorney Gardner are con fident that a decision favorable to the city will be rendered. NELSON A. RANDALL DEAD. Indianapolis, Oct. 15 Nelson A. Randall, editor of the Western Horse man, died Monday. He was born at Marion, O- Five Years' Body Will Take Up Its Work by an Opportunity For Devotion and Presenta tion of Credentials. MANY QUESTIONS WILL BE UP FOR DISCUSSION. Nebraska Wants Separate Yearly Meeting System of Epistolary Correspondence May Be Modernized. Delegates from many parts of the world are arriving in Richmond to attend the Five Years meeting of Friends, which will convene tonight at the East Main Street church, con tinuing indefinitely. Monday a large number of prominent Friends from various parts of the United States ar rived in Richmond, while today all trains carried their quota. At ten o'clock the delegation from the Balti more yearly meeting and a part of the delegation from the Philadelphia meeting arrived here. At one o'clock this afternoon Friends from Canada put in their appearance. It is thought that by the time of-the opening of to night's sessions practically all of the delegates sent by the various yearly meetings will have arrived in the city. Between one hundred and fifty and two hundred delegates are expected. Presentation of Credentials. Tonight's sessions will be marked by the presentation of credentials of the visiting delegates. The Rev. Ed mund Stanley, president of Friends college at Wichita, Kas., will preside. He was clerk of the meeting five years ago and will preside over this year's gathering until his successor is named. Wednesday morning delegations will select their chairmen and upon the chairmen will evolve the duty oi making the selection of officers. Early Wednesday morning devotional exer cises will be held and beginning at nine o'clock the various propositions from the yearly meetings will be pre sented. Among these a proposition for the establishment of the Nebraska yearly meeting will be presented. The matter has been given some consider ation in the past few years as the Friends have greatly increased in the Nebraska territory, so much so in fact it is deemed best to organize a sep arate yearly meeting, an offshoot of the Kansas yearly meeting. Questions to Come up. Among the propositions to be pre sented at the Five years sessions many are expected to contain interest ing suggestions which will be dis cussed thoroughly. The reports from the committees are expected to con tain much of interest but particular attention will be given tha series of addresses to begin immediately after the transaction of business. Many of the most prominent men in the Friends church are on the program and their ideas on the affairs of the church and its standing in present re ligious .history are eagerly anticipat ed. The first address of interest on a special topic will be that of Rufus M. Jones, editor of the American Friend, who will speak on "The Pres ent Opportunity of Friends." Methods of evangelism, one of the live ques tions confronting the church today, will be discussed fully as will the question of federation of churches. Benjamin F. Trueblood, one of the Friends' great peace men, and a resi dent of Boston, will during the course of the meeting speak on "Friends in Public Affairs." Epistolary Corresoondence. Before the sessions will have ended the question of inter-yearly meeting correspondence will be discussed thoroughly. From time immemorial almost, Friends have each year sent letters of good cheer and well wishing to their sister yearly meetings, re flecting the spiritual as well as busi ness phrases of work being done by the individual meetings. These let ters have become fixed as a custom and have remained, it is asserted, much the same as they were years ago. each year changing but little. It is felt now among many Friends in various yearly meetings that the epis tolary greetings should be changed in many respects to meet more modern demands, and for tMs reason the question will undoubtedly meet with spirited discussion when the ftpic is presented. This question, however, will not be taken up until the latter part of the meeting. NEWSPAPER MAN IS DEAD. Newark, Ohio, Oct. 15 A. H. Pier son, manager of the Advocate, died this morning. THE WEATHER PROPHET. INDIANA Wednesday partly cloudy; fresh southwest winds. OHIO Fair and warmer Wednesday; fresh southwest winds. ENTIRE TOWN IS SHAKEN. Coonerstown Pa Oof IS Masl.-rt rouuers uroKe mio me post omce nere early thjs morning, blew the safe with dynamite and escaped vita $2,000 in cash and stamps. The explosion shook the town and awakened the inhabi tants. The robbers escaped in auto mobiles. A posse is m pursuit. Work at Columbus Alsc. Columbus, O., Oct. 15. Cracksmen blew the safe of the Crosby-Beoker Lumber company thii morning and secured over $200. READ OF A GREAT BANK W. H. S. Wood Here for Five Years' Meeting. W. H. S. Wood, president of the , Bowery savings bank at New York ' city, is here to attend the Five Years' meeting at the East Main Street j Friends c hurch. The Bowery bank 'has deposits of $1huhhMoo and is the largest institution of the kind in the world. TWENTY KILLED IN WRECK OF EXPRESS TRAIN IN ENGLAND Forty Others Were Injured and Some of Them Will Die Jumped Track While Going Sixty Miles an Hour. WRECKED TRAIN IS ONE OF FINEST IN ENGLAND: Is Believed the Accident Was Due to Failure to Observe Orders Thirteen Bodies Have Been Removed. London, Oct. 15. While running at the rate of sixty miles an hour, the Shrewsbury express jumped the track. Twenty were killed and forty injured. some fatally. The wrecked train, one of the fin- ; est in England, is a mass of tangled ! iron and broken beams. The acci dent happened at an early hour and it I is thought it was caused by the engi neer's disregard of an order limiting the speed of trains at that point. The place is one of the sharpest curves on , the road. i Every coach but one was wrecked and many bodies were pinned under the debris, which did not catch fire. At this hour thirteen bodies have been removed and others are still in the wreckage. MOTHER TAKES LIFE OF SON AND HERSELF Believed She Was Sick Be yond Recovery. New York. Oct. 15. Mrs. Alice Hell mund, wife of a wealthy builder, killed her son Fred, fourteen months old, and her self because she believed she was ill beyond recovery and thought the boy would be happier dead than cared for by some one else. They were found asphyxiated in the bath room this morning. She left a letter ex plaining her rash act. HAVE RECIPROCITY PLAN Indiana Pharmacy Board Is Working It Out. The State Board of Pharmacy has practically worked out its plan of reci procity with nineteen other states whose pharmacy boards have discre tionary powers granted by state legis lative bodies. The eighteen states and territories with which Indiana will open recipro cal relations are Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Flor ida, Georgia, Indian Territory, Okla homa, Louisiana. New Mexico, Mary land, Massachusetts, Michigan, Ore gon, Ohio, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia and Maine. This reciprocal plan was. suggested at the convention of the National As sociation of Boards of- Pharmacy held last summer. But RobbinsDenies It. PROSECUTOR EXPECTED TO MAKE CHARGE SERIOUS Johnson Leaves Court Room In a Huff, Because Jessup Would Not Keep His Agree ment in Prosecution. There was considerable excitement in the circuit court this morning. Prosecutor Jessup stated to Judge Fox that he had decided not to arraign Ber nard Green, the colored boy who acted In an indecent manner toward Hazel Harris, the three-year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Harris, on a charge of assault and battery until he had further considered the case. Mr. Jessup explained that Attorney John F.v Robbins had called his attention to a statute which provides that any male person, who by his actions shows that he has an intent to commit a criminal assault on a female under the age of fourteen years Is as guilty of the crime of criminal assault as though he had actually committed the assault. After Mr. Jessup had made this statement to the court Henry U. John son, attorney for Green, charged Mr. Robbins with "butting Into" a case in which he had no business and de nounced Prosecutor Jessup for break ing his promise to arraign Green on a charge of assault and battery, which in case he was found guilty, would mean only a jail sentence. Mr. Johnson concluded by Informing the prosecutor that he could file any charge he wanted and be d . This breach of court etiquette was ignored. Mr. Robbins took the floor after Mr. Johnson had concluded his fiery remarks and stated that he had no in. tent ion of "butting Into" the case. In fact he had studiously avoided doing so, explaining that the parents of the Green boy had solicited him to defend him, but that he had refused to do so owing to the nature of the crime and the evident guilt of the accused. Mr. Robbins stated that while he was ex plaining the statute in question to newspaper men Prosecutor Jessup had joined the group and had overheard Mr. Robbins' argument that green was plainly guilty of criminal assault. Mr. Robbins stated that the prosecutor had asked him to show him this statute and he had done so. Statement by Jessup. Prosecutor Jessup followed Mr. Rob bins with a statement to the court that as prosecutor he was a ways ready to receive suggestions and that Mr. Robbins had done as any attorney had a perfect right to do and that he was under obligations to Mr. Robbins for showing him that there Is a possibility of charging Green with a higher crime than the prosecutor had contemplated charging him with. Mr. Johnson then left the court room In a huff. Mr. Robbins. after Green had been ordered returned to the county jail, ar gued with Prosecutor Jessup that there is evidence in the Green case which can be construed to the effect that Green had contemplated a criminal as sault, and was therefore guilty of a criminal assault He stated that the prosecutor should not prejudge a man. It is the duty of the prosecutor, Mr. Robbins stated, to file the highest charge possible against Green and then leave it to the jury to decide whether or not Green is guilty of intent to commit criminal assault. Prosecutor Jessup argued that he almost felt con vinced that Green had no intention to commit a criminal assault on the Har ris girl and for this reason he hesitat ed in filing a charge of criminal assault against Green. Other attorneys then joined In the argument and all of them expressed an opinion that the prose ; cutor should not prejudge as to wheth er Green was guilty of a criminal as sault or just assault and battery. They said that the prosecutor should leave this point to be determined by a Jury. BANK AT DRESDEN, 0., IN RECEIVER'S HANDS Institution Closed Because of Bad Loans Made. ROBERT LYON IS RECEIVER. Washington, Oct. 1Z The controller of the currency has announced the failure of the First National bank at Dresden, Ohio. The institution had a paid-up capital of $30,000 and depos its estimated at $265,000. The bank was established in 1896. TJie bank was closed because of loans to local woolen manufacturers, ' which. It is said, had failed. Robert Lyon, bank examiner, was appointed receiver.