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AND SUN-TELEGRAM. TOL. XXXIII. NO. 105. RICII3IOM, INI)., SATURDAY EVENING, 31 AY SO, 1908. SINGLE COPY, 2 CENTS, HEALTH OF LOCAL PEOPLEENDANGERED PRESIDENT'S VISIT GRAVES OE THE SOLDIER DEAD DECORATED TODAY LAEOLLETTE IS FIGHTING AGAINST ELOQUENT TRIBUTE TO THE BOYS OP '61, AT BETHEL Staunch Enemy of Currency Measure RESULTS IN GOOD. BT FORMAL E DEHYDE CURRENCY MEASUR Shown That Majority of Dairy men Doing Eusiness in -Richmond Use the Milk Preservative. ITS USE IS EXPOSED " AT EARLHAM COLLEGE frof. H. N. Holmes and His Assistant, Forrest Allen, Make Numerous Tests of Milk Sold. USE OF THE LIQUID AGAINST THE LAW. Announcement Comes as Sen sation Since Local People ; Believed the Law Was Be ing Obeyed. THE TESTS ARE ACCURATE. iSAME METHODS USED BY THE CHICAGO HEALTH DEPART MENT USED HERE IN DETECT ING THE HIDDEN DANGER. EIGHT DEALERS WATCHED. Six of the Eight Were Found to Be Flagrantly Violating the State Law in "Regard to The Use of Pre servatives. Scientific tests of milk delivered and sold in the city of Richmond dur ing April by eight dairymen revealed the fact that the milk retailed by six contained formaldehyde or "formalin," (a preservative. This is in flagrant violation of the law against the use of preservatives in milk. The tests have been made by Forrest Allen, a mem ber of the senior class of Earlham Col lege. Professor H. X. Holmes, of the department of chemical science at the college gave the tests his personal at tention and declares they are accurate and reliable. The announcement will create a sen sation among the consumers of milk in this city. It. has been believed that since the scare of a few years ago which spread throughout the state and precipitated special legislation in re gard to the use of preservatives in milk, dairymen of this vicinity were abiding strictly within the law. Ac cording to Dr. Holmes the violations have been nothing less than flagrant and a far larger amount of the pre servative has been used than is re quired to bring about the intended re sults. In discussing the matter. Dr. Holmes said: "The use of formaldehyde or "formalin," as it is called popularly, to preserve milk is not only illegal but dangerous to health. There may be some occasion to embalm a corpse with formalin but there is nothing at tractive in the idea of treating the milk we drink with it. "The temptation to use this sub stance is very great to the dairymen. One part of formaldehyde in twenty thousand ' parts of'niilk will keep it sweet for two days of hot weather. The riairvmnn hovvnvAr ic ncnollv nnt so scientific as to be able to reach) this ratio and doubtless uses a hun dred times the necessary amount with a corresponding increase in danger to our health. "If there is dispute as to the effect of this preservative on the living body we need only to consider that it is ised to prevent fermentation in milk and in a similar manner must inter fere with the processes of digestion. "Richmond has boasted of the ex cellence of the milk sold here yet the tests made In the Earlham laboratory ehow conclusively that our dairymen are breaking the law. "During April and May eight milk dealers were watched and six were found guilty of using formaldehyde. The two who were not guilty were subjected to single tests only or they .might not possess such spotless rep utations. Out of the twenty-five tests on the milk from these eight dairies twenty-two gave excellent tests for for maldehyde. Considering that the weather was not particularly hot in ! April we may infer that the honest milk dealer is often reckless in his use of the preservative. And what may we expect In July and August? "The sulphuric acid tests as used by the Chicago Health Department gave us the results obtained. It is so accurate that some authorities claim It will indicate one part in two hund red thousand parts. "Richmond has slept in fancied se curity because it has the privilege of sending samples of milk to the state (CoaUuued on Page Four.) The reception to President Falliers on his recent visit to England speaks strongly for the cntente-cordiale be tween France and Great. Britain. Both the English and French papers as a result of the visit are discussing the possibility of a formed alliance between the two countries. ESCAPES DEATH IN A T Mr. and Mrs. George W. Banks and Son Harley Run Down by East Bound City Car Friday Afternoon. THAT THEY ESCAPED DEATH IS REMARKABLE. Rig Was Hit Squarely and Carried from Twelfth Street In Front of Auto Inn Before The Car Stopped. Mr. and Mrs. George "W. Banks and son. Harley, returned this morning to their home near Hollandshurg, each suffering with several painful wounds and bruises but all very thankful that they were not killed in a street car accident which happened yesterday afternoon in a blinding rain storm at the corner of Twelfth and Main streets. Young Harley goes to Garfield school and his parents drove to this city yesterday to take him home to spend Saturday and Sunday. Before leaving the city they decided to go to the home of Peter T. McLellan on South Twelfth street. Just before reaching Main street the rain began to descend in sheets, and Mr. Banks, who was driving, was unable to see an east bound city car which was ap proaching at a high rate of speed. Consequently ht? drove his horse across the tracks and the car, with a resounding crash, struck the buggy squarely in the center, knocking it ov er and pushing it along until the mo torman succeeded in stopping the car in front of the Auto Inn. The horse broke loose and bolted down South Twelfth street and it was some time before he was captured. Passengers on a west bound car which was approaching at the time the accident occurred, promptly came to the rescue of the injured people. Harley Banks was thrown out of the rig, alighting on the paving and re ceiving a painful scalp wound. Mr. and Mrs. Banks were pinned under the rig, the ruins of which were piled on top of the car fender. It took nearly five minutes to get. them from under the wrecked vehicle. When carried in to the Auto Inn Mr. Banks was un conscious but he was Quickly revived and taken to the home of George Eg gemeyer on Main street near the Auto Inn. Mrs. Banks sustained a long gash at the base of her left ear and Mr. Banks received several painful bruises. After their wounds had been dressed Mr. and Mrs. Banks and Har ley Banks were taken to the McLellan home where they spent the evening. The rig is badly wrecked and its rem nants are now on a vacant lot at the comer ol Eleventh, aad ilaia. street. FAMILY NARROWLY A CCID Thousands of Pretty Flowers Placed on the Last Resting Place of Men Who Fought For Country. BIG SERVICES HELD THIS AFTERNOON. Following a Parade of Short Length the Rev. T. J. Gra ham Addressed Veterans in Coliseum. Of unusual appropriateness were the services held at the Coliseum this aft ernoon in honor of Memorial Day. The exercises had been arranged by the Sons of Veterans and Sol Meredith Post, G. A. R. was the guest of t lie oc casion. There was a large gathering of the patriotic organizations of the city in attendance and the general public attended in large, numbers. Pre ceeding the services the veterans, members of the Woman's Relief Corps, Sons of Veterans and the affiliated or ganizations passed in parade about the down town districts. Because of the oppressiveness of the atmosphere and the feebleness of some of the veterans the line of march was but a few squares in length. Graves Decorated. The morninig hours were spent in the decoration of the graves of the soldier dead. The school children had contributed thousands of flowers and several express wagon loads were col lected from the various buildings yes terday afternoon. Committees had been appointed for the decorating and they met at the post room at an early hour and proceeded to the various cemeteries. Flowers, flags and mark ers were placed up the graves. Parade a Feature. The real feature of the ceremonies was the parade. Many of the grizzled veterans realized that their marches were becoming fewer and the opportu nities less often with advancing years. All were alert, and eager to make the effort, however, and the line showed several men who have not walked the same distance for years. They could not resist the martial music and the spirit o fthe occasion. The veterans were placed in the position of honor. In advance of them marched the city band, the firing squad. Company C, Second Indiana Regiment. IT. B. B. A., Spanish American War Veterans, W. P. Benton Camp, Sons of Veterans. La dies Aid Society of the Sons of Vet erans, Ladies of the G. A. R., Women's Relief Corps, school children and Sol Meredith Post, G. A. R. Open forma tion was observed by the marchers in front of the Coliseum and civil war veterans passed into the building first. The program was carried out as had been announced previously. The in vocation was pronounced by the Rev. R. J. Wade. The drill by the Boys Brigade was a feature. The tribute to the unknown dead by the W. R. C, and the school children was very im pressive. The address of the occasion was de livered by the Rev. T. J. Graham, of the First Presbyterian church, who said in part : "Who are these men, who with band badge and banner have marched into the seat of honor in this Coliseum this day. Tell me the why and the wherefore of this, particular day and demonstration? So well might our lads and lassies ask. "These, my dears, represent a part of the remnant of the grandest army the world has ever enlisted to bear arms on the side of right, justice and freedom. The query of an interested youth in reference to the ancient Mac edonian military king was. "How big was Alexander, Pa. that people called him great":" "How big was the army of these he roic survivors of the carnage of the Y0's. dad might our young men and women ask, that a nation has called it "grand?" The Grand Army of the Republic How big? In mustered men. immense. Hear me: The final report of the provost marshal-general U. S. A., gave the total number of mili tia, volunteers and drafted men re ceived into the service of the United States during the civil war as 2.000. 4ol. That there were actually 1,500. olrt men in the field when hostilities ceased, of whom about 97S.0OO were volunteers and conscripts: and that the national enrollment exhibited at the same time, an available reserve of 2, 2."4.0;3. Generalizing Van Dyke's words spec ially written in reference to St. Gau den's "Sherman" may we not say "These are the soldiers brave enough to tell The glory-dazzled world that 'war Is hell"; Lovers of peace, they look beyond the strife And ride through hell to save the country's life." These men. not many, were the sin ews of war. Through earth their deeds reverberate: Inspiring people to arise and nations to be great; oh the LCo&Uaud.eB Fase Xwfti Is Making One of the Greatest Fights in the History of The United States Senate. BEGAN TO TALK YES TERDAY ABOUT NOON He Continued His Oration Un til Seven O'clock This Morn ing, When He Was Re lieved by Stone. Washington, D. C. May SO. At sev en o'clock this morning. Senator La Follette, the leader of the filibuster against the compromise currency bill, was relieved by Senator Stone of Mis souri, after speaking continuously since twelve forty o'clock yesterday, thereby breaking all previous records. Iafollette showed but little fatigue and said he felt fresh. He went home to sleep three or four hours with the in intention of returning to the floor of the Senate resuming his argument. However, Aldrich, of the committee on rules, has dug up an old rule from the archives, providing that a senator may not. speak on the same subject twice during one legislative day, and expects to force LaFollette to surrender. La follette w ill object to this. The most tense, dramatic and inter esting proceedings of recent years in the United States senate were ushered in yesterday, when the filibuster be gan. Assisting LaFollette in the effort to prolong the session and defeat the bill are Senator Gore of Oklahoma and Senator Stone of Missouri. LaFol lette has other sympathizers, but none, it is said, who will go so far as to join him in what he promises to be one of the famous long distance talking matches in history. LaFollette declares that he will be able to furnish chin music to keep the senate running six-weeks longer. Stone is Determined. When Stone appeared in the Senate chamber with a mass of manuscript large enough to choke an elephant his democratic colleagues gathered around him and tried to dissuade him but he shook his head in a determined way and made ready to open the flood gates of his eloauence. There is a shrewd suspicion abroad that his attack on the currency meas ure championed by Aldrich may give him a lift in the senatorial race. La Follette leaned on the back of his chair a considerable part of the time while speaking. He said he would do everything to conserve his strength, as he wanted it to last, a long time. Oc casionally when he became excited he would forget his recent sickness and exhibit great agility in rushing down the aisle and shaking his fist at Sen ator Aldrich and others. With the filibuster only apparently started La Follette has got on the ner ves of many of the senators, who had made their arrangements to start, home today. The cloakroom com ment on his performance is anything but complimentary. Some of the East era clique of senators say there can be no point to his opposition except to advertise himself and create a demand for his Chautauqua lectures, as con gress will stay in session long enough to wear him out and pass the bill if that takes all summer. Senator Beveridge is inclined to be a La Follette sympathizer in this fight. His objection is chiefly to the asset currency provision of the Aldrich Vreeland bill. He thinks that the rec ognition of asset currency is a bad precedent to estab'.isn in legislation. His views on this point are very pro nounced, but it is not believed he will break away from the republican ma jority and vote against the bill. The feature that drew forth the fiercest attack from the badger states man is the fact that the railroad bond feature of the Aldrich bill the feature which the Rhode Island senator with drew from his measure the day that La Follette arose from his sick bed to talk against the bill has been rein serted in the compromise document. Senator La Follette's clerk was or dered out from the floor of the senate yesterday afternoon on a point of or der made by Senator GaJlinger, who said that under the rules no clerk of a senator could remain in the chamber for more than two hours unless engag ed in the transaction of actual busi ness. The clerk had been constantly keeping La Follette supplied with in formation as to the number of sena tors present, which aided him mater ially in making the point of no quorum. Other senators resented his action in this respect. THE WEATHER PROPHET. i INDIANA Showers Saturday night; Sunday fair; fresh to brisk south winds becoming west. OHIO Showers Saturday night and Sunday: fresh to brisk east winds mU tfeundwr showers Jn -south. rrorn atereograph. Copyright, 190S, by Underwood & Underwood, SENATOR ROBERT M. LAFOLLETTE. He began his oratorical fireworks on the floor of the United States senate yesterday, and although in a weak physical condition, he con tinued his talk until seven o'clock this morning without interruption. Senators who wish to leave Washington for the summer are angry at the brilliant statesman from the northwestern state, because he stead fastly refuses to allow the emergency currency measure to pass. Follette is prepared for a long siege. Y CITIZENS TO APPEAR MONDAY Practically AH of Jefferson Township to Go Before Commissioners. ALL OVER THE SALOONS. REMONSTRANCE WILL BE FILED AND IT IS PROBABLE THAT THE SAL00N1STS WILL CONTEST SOME OF THE SIGNERS. Jefferson township, or a large por tion of it will appear in the commis sioners court room Monday. If not in person the representation will be ac complished by proxy. The application for liquor licenses will be made by the Hagerstown saloonists and at the same time the temperance forces will present a remonstrance. The remon strance bears 210 signatures of quali fied voters of the township. Accompanying the remonstrance, which has been filed with the county auditor is an affidavit from the county clerk stating the vote of Jefferson township is :J9. The law demands a majority of voters to be signers of a remonstrance before it can become ef fective. The remonstrance has sixteen names to spare. It is expected that the saloonists will enter a protest against some of the names but it is doubtful if the removal of enough names will follow to spoil the effect of the remonstrance. Unless enough names are removed the commission ers will have no alternative other than declaring the township dry and pro hibiting the sale of intoxicating liquors in any amount less than five gallons at a time. BEECH HARGIS TRIES TO END HIS LIFE. Jackson. Ky., May 30. Beech Har gis, who murdered his father, at tempted to suicide with morphine to day. A physician pumped the pois on from his stomach and he will re cover. VETERAN TAKES OFF HAT TO COLORS. This afternoon an ex-army man stood on North Eighth street in the middle of a large crow-d to wit ness the Memorial Day parade. When the stars and stripes passed by he reverently lifted his hat. He was the only one in the crowd who did. For his silent, unassuming tribute to the nation's flag several men laughed at him. Turning to one of them the former soldier quietly remarked: '"Once I follow ed the colors. I always take my hat off to them." , A few of his scoffers had manhood enough to blush at his rebuke. The others had sense enough not to reply to him. Mi The Telephone is a Willing servant to bring your Classified Ads to the Palladium office with the least bother to you. Either Phone--1121 Automatic, 21 Old. PATTEN MAKES TWO MILLION IN CORN Battle for Millions Fought in Chicago Board of Trade. PATTEN IS RETICENT. REFUSES TO STATE JUST WHAT HE WON ON CORN AND WHAT HE LOST ON GIGANTIC OATS DEAL. Chicago, May .'. James A. Patten, millionaire plunger, the man who suc cessfully engineered the May corn cor ner, but whose corner in May oats end ed disastrously, cleaned up by his gi gantic deal in corn, approximately sk-J.mMmio. He lost in his deal In oats something like $7."Mxn, accord -' ing to the best informed men on the board. Patten himself refuses to say just what his winnings are: Other big winners in the corn cor ner are William H. Partlett. .o.mso; George W. Patten, .; William A. Ing. .51.Vt.oi: Charles Congdon, J2.V .": "Jack" Allen. .Mo,mk. .1. Ogden Armour is said to be $"", loser in the corn deal, but Is cred ited with winning .7."i .' in wheat. It is estimatfd that William H. Bart- ! left lof,t jS.ViO.'K'O in the oats deal. j The Patten following on the Chicago 'board probably had 1uxo.km bf-be!s of corn. There were about .'0. . bushels of the yellow- corn involved in the deal. At an average price paid for the corn of Cc a bushel, which probably is conservative, there was $.:.. ii , involved in the deal. Many private settlements were made and this undoubtedly saved many defaults on contracts. J. Ogden Armour at all times con trolled the May wheat market. He has practically all the May wheat there is in the country. Consequently he was able to manipuulate the price on wheat as he saw fit. The losers in May wheat are scat tered from one end of the country to the other. T. H. Waterman, of Al bany, N. Y., is a big winner. A group of Wall-street men are big losers. So : are a number of foreign traders. MAKES MAD FLIGHT WITH AEROPLANE Delagrange Creates a Sensa tion in Rome. Rome. May 30. Delagrange made a record flight with his Aeroplane in the presence of a large crowd of scientists. He covered a hundred metres on the ground then rose and remained in the , air fifteen minutes, and twenty-six ; seconds covering 27,500 metres at heighth of from four to seven metres. ' Men Who Fought and Died for Lofty Principles in the Civil War Are Fittingly Remem bered. CONGRESSMAN WATSON DELIVERS ADDRESS. Says That It Was a Divine Mission Which Took Young Men From Their Homes in Bloody Conflict. FOUGHT FOR NEGROES' CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS, Today, However, There Is a Strong Movement to Take Away the Rights Which Were So Nobly Battled For. FOUGHT FOR PRINCIPLE. EUROPE WROUGHT BY JEALOUS WAR COULD NEVER UNDER STAND AMERICAN IDEA OF THE HORRIBLE CIVIL CONFLICT. PHILIPPINES. FREE TRADE- Congressman Says That America Should Open Her Breasts to the Islands and Tret Them as Other Territories. No where Jn the country Is tribute paid each year to the memory of the deceased soldiers of th country fn a more appropriate manner than at the little village of Bethel, nine miles northeast of Richmond. The commu nity sent more sons to the civil war than any section of its size in th state. Those who went forth to bat tle, engaged in some of the bloodiest and most prolonged contests of the en tire, war. Some of them were killed and others died from di.Tease or in the hospitals. There is a small quota re maining, however, and these, aided by the generous and loyal spirits of the vicinity have seen fit to observe one day each year as dedicated to the mem ory of the dead and proclaiming the virtues of the living. Yesterday was the date chosen for the celebration of this year and admi rable preparations had been made. Early in the morning farmers began to arrive in the village. The busy period of the year was at hand, but this could not prevent them going to Bethel for the Memorial Day serrlo es. The crowds continued to Increase until all hitching racks were occupied and many hones were tied to barn and sheds about the village. But the horse was not relied upon alone for transportation. Bethel does not have the good fortune to be locat ed on a railroad, but there are numer ous friends of the community In thia city, and the Wayne County Automo bile association agreed to proride transportation. Fourteen cars left the auto inn about 11 o'clock and made the trip in forty minutes. With the party were the speakers of the occa sion. Congressman James E. Watson, of Rushville. and John L. Rupe of thin city. The remaining occupants of the cars went as guests with the exception of seven young women: Misses Clara Myrick. Jessie Beeler, Pearl Hasecos ter Constance Fosler, Gertrude Iv Fevre. Nina Harris and Coral Weegh man. who rendered the vocal selec tions on the program. The Musiciana Union band had preceded the automo biMsts earlier in the morning. The band was stationed on the prin cipal corner of the town and when the autos arrived they were given a mu sical welcome. The exercises of the day were held in the church yard. A speakers' platform and sats for the audience had been provided. Col. C. W. Wiley acted in the capacity of mas ter of ceremonies. The invocation was delivered by the Rev. J. O. Camp bell of this city. Equality of Man. In his address, Mr. Watson chose for his theme, the equality of man. He reviewed national problems and pre dicted a favorable future. He sug gested political problems, but did not discuss them at lengtii. In part, he said: "We are very fortunately situated this afternoon, and I want to call your attention to some of the things we are required to look upon as American cit izens. The question that presses home to every patriot here Is. will the republic survive. Have the thous ands of heroes given up their lives In vain, or will there be something left IGontioueds-oa page Fire.).