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XII l J'A LLAUIL Jl AXX) SC?-TELEGKA31, SUADAl, tll'K 7, 1JK1?. WORLD MADE UNIT BY COMMUNICATION Thousands of Miles of Cable Bring All in Closer Relationship. 3J (1; THE COST DECREASES. WITH THE INSTALLATION OF A LARGER NUMBER OF COMMUNI CATIVE LINES TRANSPORTA TION OF MESSAGES IS CHEAPER New York, June ;. International business this year cc-i-brate the fiftieth anniversary of the layintr of the first transatlantic cable. That, cable soon broke, but it. was the bejriiniiiiK j of the world's present day an'lia of j rieep sea cables in which over ;S-H '.-i m,ok is invested. It was in isV?' that the first cable. miles loim. was laid across the Atlantic, from two to three miles deep. Heveii yars lat er the second one. which was a success went down in the still, dark depths of the ocean. Within the brief span of the fifty years, the world has built more than miles of sub marine cables, sufficient to girdle the piobe i iaht times. I'.cside Hie SJh.mo.mh invest ment in cables, there is a fleet of li: cable steamers, kept, in constant, ser vice. And, besides the rabies already In operation, several others are in va rious stages of construction. Kvery effort, is beinp made to annihilate the distance between different parts of the world and unite, by cables or by "wireless," count l ies separated by vast bodies of water. The results in the business world are hne. The cable service of most direct im portance to the general public is that of transmitting' the reports of crops and general commercial conditions of widely separated nations. This ser vice is intimately tied up with a most interesting compilation of these re ports, a system which enables the ex porter in New York and Seattle, and the dealers in Chicago to govern their business by world-wide conditions. Cost of Messages. In the early days it cost :lon to send a message across the Atlantic. The cable companies made a charge of S." a word and the minimum amount of v.ords to be transmitted was fixed at twenty. Recent developments in cable-making and operating, combined with healthy competition between ca ble companies have proved instrumen tal in 'bringing down the cable tolls. "Wireless" telegraphy has become an Important factor in Hie field. The rates for cable messages, despite the fact that they are much less than they were forty years ago, still continues to be high. Nevertheless Dig Business uses the cables eagerly. Vast sums of money are annually expended by ex porting houses and newspapers in ob taining information from foreign countries by means of them. A certain cable message from a war correspondent to an American news paper is an illustration of the expense Incurred to secure news, as commercial interests incur expense for their pur poses. Therefore, the message is giv en in fac simile. It consisted of los words and at the ordinary press rate of "." cents a word its cost would have totaled $5!).U; but the cable was sent as "urgent," and charged at the rate of $4.15 a word. . ITi.VJo being paid for its transmission from Shanghai to New York. Commercial rates are still higher. It was sent on the lMtli of July, 1N!H from Tientsin to Chefu by means of a steamer; arrived at Chefu on the l."th; was sent thence to Shang hai by wire, where it was received on the ltith. From Shanghai it was for warded to London by means of the ca ble, crossing the Yellow- sea, China Sea, Bay of Bengal. Indian Ocean. Ara bian Sea, Bed Sea and Mediterranean, reaching London, thence being de spatched by cable across the Atlantic Ocean. It went three-quarters around the globe from Shanghai in not more than three or four hours. The mes sage received read as follows: From London via "Commercial Cables" to Yoap N. Y., .":! a. m., July 1:5th, 1S!!. Collins i:;-T t:-7 t wo Allied Wall City began daylight sticoess doubtful Chinese on walls estimated . r"3fn- conservatively :t.oii pouring terrific hail artillery Rifle machine gun five American Japanese British French t attacking West Russians East , American. Suffered terribly as , assoc iated left field one surgeon nine infantry said conservative es- j tirnate twenty-five per cent, hit li- j cum repotted mortally wounded j walking front troops Major n-gan Captains buckmilif-r Wilcox Novss anions wounded. Marines losses indicated Captain Lavis killed. Butler Leonard Several wounded officers declares hotter than Santiago then left Americans were laying in plain j between all ! and river under enfilading & re- j rent fire equally difficult advance , on retire counted three hundred wounded all volunteers. COLLINS. It has been estimated that England t incurs a daily bill of :;.:; to cable to! the United States, and .SI,o to India, j South Africa, China and- the East. The i latest innovations enable the cal.de operators to send 4 to -45 words a j minute. It is now possible to trans- i mit a message across the Atlantic in j :: to minutes. Twenty years ago, j when only 7 or 1 words per minute j could be sent on the cable, it used to j take ." to lo hours. In fact, the in-j st it ut ions which most use them get: replies from continental countries in two to three minutes. j By means of "duple xing" the copper wire coated with gutta pcrcha- a pro- ! cess invented and perfected by Dr. Alexander Muirhead-Hie efficiency of I the- cable service has been doubled.! This device enables messages to be sent simultaneously from both ends of; the wire. Through its instrumental- j ity so to '., words per minute now vir- ; lualiy pass on the line. The leading cable companies have .already "du-, tilexed." or are "duplexrng" their ca bles in order to get t lie fullest bene fit from this invention. Speed Works Revolution. Increased speed during the fifty years in the transmission of cable grams has worked a revolution in Hie construction and operation of cable lines. Lord Kelvin discovered that the time consumed by an electric- signal to t raved through a cable increased, not in direct proportion to the length of the section, but the square of the length. Thus when the cable-length was doubled, it took four times as long for the current to navel; the "resist ance" of the wire delays electric cur rent .also speed. Simultaneously it was discovered that a stout, copper wire thickly coated with gutta percha gave a comparatively high speed. A mile of core, weighing t'.."n pounds of copper and -too pounds of gutta percha. or weighing about three times as much as does the copper wire used in land telegraphy, has been found to render the most gratifying speed re sults and is, as a rule, employed for constructing long distance cables. Even with such a heavy wire, only a very feeble current can be transmit ted to the receiving cable station. This has necessitated the employment of extremely delicate instruments in the cable service. With the assistance of the Kelvin siphon recorder, the feeble current is automatically made to leg ibly inscribe the message sent thous ands of miles away. Remarkable Construction. The construction of the sTphon re corder is highly interesting. Silken fabrics are made to carry the oscilla tions of a coil to a little glass syphon 4 inches long and as big ast a needle. I One end of this syphon is in an ink ; well, the other rubs against a strip j ot paper which is constantly Kept in motion. The syphon also moves un interruptedly, the motion being of such ;i character as not to interfere with the oscillations communicated to t lie sy phon by the electric current. This mo tion enables the syphon to record the ! cable messages by means of "dots" and "bars." the "Wheatstone" alpha- j bet being in common use. j Similarly the transmitter operates j automatically. This instrument has been perfected I to such ii ii extent during recent years that by its means a typewriter can be worked in Ixmdon and made to "click" in New Yoi-k. or vice versa, and the dream of the cable engineers is that a typesetting machine will one of these days be used in New York and a simi lar nuwhine automatically made to set type in Liverpool or London. (1) (2) it ::;- Tientsin Chefu T n Stone urgent via Shanghai Suit e-rnoon attempting Truth and Quality appeal to the "Well-Informed in every walk of life and are essential to permanent euccess and creditable standing. Aceor ingly, it ia not claimed that Syrup of l-igs and Elixir of Senna is the only remedy of known value, but one of many reasons why it is the best of personal and family laxatives is the fact that it cleanses, sweetens and relieves the internal organs on which it acts without any debilitating after effects and without having to increase the quantity from time to time. It acts pleasantly and naturally and truly as a laxative, and its component parts are known to and approved by physicians, as it is free from all objection able substances. To get its beneficial effects always purchase the genuine manufactured by the California Fig Syrup Co., only, and for sale by all leading druggists. l-'ilr,, a...-.- ;11LIT. One day in 17" a beautiful carriag. appeared on the boulevard of Paris with an escutcheon in the shape of i: pair of corsets and an open pair ot scissors painted on the panel of each door. This was the coat of arms of I bombers, the first man who made name n .s u woman's dressmaker. K homterr, -who was the son of n l.e varian peasant from the neigliborhoiHi of Munich, owed his rapid success to his penius for eoneealinst and remedy ing defects of figure. He left an an nual income of 50,000 francs to his heirs. Byron find His Title. Professor Masson lu the first pub lished records of the ancient gram mar school, of Aberdeen recounts this school legend about the poet Byron: "Ii was saiit that on hiss eominft to school the tirst mornine after his accession to the peerage was known and on the calling out of his name in the catalogue no hnger as 'Geonri Gordon Byron.' but as 'Geors:: Baro de Byron.' he did not reply with the usual and expected 'ad-sun-..' but. feeling the sraze of all h!s schoolfellows, burst into tears and ran ! out." ! "TV."-. THE MOO SIER TORE IN nr tj PUBLIC EYE" 1 HIS stor since its opening seven years ago has been in the "public eye." Why? Because we are continually doing things dilferent irom any other store. Ne before in the history of Richmond have the public responded so readily and ev need s ch approval of a concern. We are never undersold. Our rent and ex pend so much lower than other stores that we can sell cheaper. When we give bar gains no house in Richmond can or will try to compete. Sales of all kinds may be adver tised, but the real bargains of the day are always found at the Hoosier. Our store is always crowded. Why? The people know that we handle the best goods and sell them on a very close margin. That is the reason we are always in "the public eye." New choice fancy Dress Ginghams, regular 15c grade, special at 2c Seersucker Gingham, worth 12Jc, now 10c Batiste Lawns, new spring patterns 10c Mazarine Batiste side bands, all the new tan shades at 15c Persian Organdie, worth 25c, latest tan effects at 20c White Dimity, special at 10c Imported fine Swiss, worth 50c, special at 35c Soisette in all the latest colors, creams, tans, browns, blues, leather and rose, sold everywhere at 35c, Hoos ier Store price 25c Silk Gloves, elbow lengths in black, white and tans at $1.25 Suesine Silks, all colors, at 50c Cotton Challies, Persian patterns, worth 6c, for 5c All Silk No. 42 and 40, all colors, special at 10c Just received Ladies' Shirt Waists in white lawn, l-sleeve, lace embroidery and inserting trimmed, regular $1.25 quality, at 98c Ladies' Corset Covers, all sizes at 25c Ladies' Muslin Gowns, full size, well made, at 50c Ladies' Skirts, extra wide lace, trimmed, big value at 98c Ladies' Muslin Drawers, plain and trimmed, at 25c Black Mercerized Petticoats, embroidery trimmed, spec ial at $1.25 Gingham Underskirts, cheaper than you can make them 48c Ladies' Dressing Jackets, all sizes at 48c Percale Wrappers, size 34 to 46, all sizes for 98c a Agents for the May Manton Patterns, Best 10c Patterns Made he HOOSIER STORE 6th and Main NOTIONAL LAWMAKERS ARE NOT FREE FROM HOBBIES All Have Their Different Ways of Spending the Time Be tween Sessions, Some of Them at Play and Others at Profitable Vocations. K-tilt of Lazlnms. "When M;:rk Twain was a boy at school in Hannibal." said a veteran Misssourian. "the sehoo'tnaster once set the class to writing a compaction on 'The Kesnlt of Laziness.' "Yiuir.jf Clemens at the end of half an hmr handed in as his composition a blank slate." Her Valuation. "Elizabeth, has that man any expec tations V" "Kine, ma rare a." "What do thev consist of?" "Me." That which is seen at a distance ! most respected. Tacitus. Washington, Juno fi. When Sena tor Five, of Maine, broke away from Washington and followed the call of the mountain brook until it led him to his comfortable cabin in the woods of Northern Maine, the members of both branches of Consress began chafing to have done with public business, with politics incident to the presiden tial nominations, and pet away to their favorite summer recreation. Every Senator and every Congress man has his hobby for summer indul gence. Most of them like to fish, and, like Senator Frye, will seek some fav orite lake or stream, there to forget, for the time being, the cares of pub lic life. Senator Foraker lrtves to fish. He has not been well for some time, but it will not be long now until he pulls on a pair of high-top rubber boots and goes wading up the Potomac in search of the pools liked best by bass. Burrows, of Michigan, was seen in an angler's supply store the other day. He, too, likes to fish. While he has a long speech to make at the Chicago convention, he is preparing for his va cation early. Any aneler knows that a kooiI part of the enjoyment of fish ing is the sorting of flies, the oiling of reels, and the packing of fishing tools. At least Senator Burrows thinks so. Dolliver a Fisherman. Dolliver. of Iowa, is another Walton lte. When he is at his home at Fort rodge and finds time not taken up with savins the party or delivering lectures, ho likes to pet out. an old fishing pole and drop down along the banks of the Des Moines River and commune with nature. Senator Dolliver indulges in two hobbies when he is fishing. Tie takes a book along something light and in teresting. His boat is n flat-bottomed ono and, as he drifts or is motion less, his boat anchored to some log, he reads. When he hooks a fish, he lays aside his book, lands his fish, baits the hook and resumes his read ing. Sometimes he does not quit fish ing until it is too riajk to read. The late Senator Proctor, of Ver mont, was an ardent fisherman. Rich ardson, of Delaware, is another. He has a camp on the St. Lawrence River, in the Thousand Islands, where he spends his summer. Farmers Appeal. There are other outdoor retimes CHICHESTER'S PILLS J . THE PI AMOMU BHA1. A Ladle! Ait TOr rvrcf C lil-cae-lkra Diamond B In for A V TaLc n etbrr But af DrncriU Ask frt lW-CHE!vTFRf; lIMOD BRAND PILI.S, (t years known as best. Satcst. Always Relish ie 1 SOLD BY DBLTiGlSIS EVEfiY WSZ popular with the statesmen of the up per house. Senator Warren of Wyom ing, likes to ride horseback. He is a thorough horseman and. when at home in Wyoming, he spends most of his time in the saddle. In Washing ton he frequently rides with President Roosevelt. A number of senators are base ball fans. Scott, Brown and Culberson, for instance, like a game of base ball as well as does the average office boy. Senator Scott, in particular, becomes so enthused over a good game that he talks about it for several days. Senator Knox has a fine farm at Valley Forge. Ho spends much of his time there when congress is not in session, riding over the broad acres and superintending the culture of the land. Senator Tillman also likes the farm. His special hobby, however, is flow ers. He is never happier than when at his South Carolina home, with trow el and pruning shears, training his flowers. He has a great variety in his garden. His collection of roses is par ticularly noteworthy, and be is de- li.hterl when his neighbors drop in to see the garden and drop a. few words of praise. Vice President Fairbanks is not be hind when it comes to the bucolic life. He has a beautiful farm in Illinois, and he gives it his personal attention. Mr. Fairbanks knows all about farming; he is as full of information pertaining to agriculture as a scientist of the ag ricultural department. His neighbors In Illinois are benefited by his know ledge, for they follow his example. i Their crops are an eloquent testimon ial to the wisdom of this mimicry. Many Chautauqua Speakers. Many of the senators go in for auto mobiling. Guggenheim, Aldrich, FJ'k- i ins and Foraker are devotees of the , whiz-wagon sport and take long tours during the summer months. All of I them find great pleasure in driving taeir own cars. Then there is the Chautauqua season this is for the thrifty senator or representative who is fitted by art and nature to grace the lecture platform and earn a few honest dollars on the side by addressing large gatherings. There is quite a contingent of con gressmen who find the revenue from the lecture platform a handy supple ment to the salary paid by Uncle Sam. It is true that Uncle Sam recently cave a 50 per cent increase to all leg islative servants, but there are many who find the drain upon their $7.r,'"0 salary rather heavy. Living in Wash ington in the style befittine to a statesman is quite expensive, and the social demands alone go a long way toward exhausting the yearly allow &&c from tb government. A few extra thousand picked up at chantauquas and the general lecture platform are worth considering, con sequently the number of congressmen on the lecture platform is increasing. Senator Tillman has long been one of the stars at chautannua. The nerv ous breakdown he suffered will pre vent him from lecturing this year. Kqually well known as a lecturer is Senator Lafollette, but he will not likely do much in the way of speaking this summer. His health needs guard ing. With Tillman and Lafollette off the platform, the field is open to other brilliant speakers. There are num ber of shining lights who no doubt will delight those who have the habit of listening to summer discourses. There is Senator Rurkett, of Nebras ka; he is fast coming to the front, and Senator "Bob" Taylor, of Tennessee; he also looms large as a lecturer. Sen ator Dolliver attracts large audiences, and Senator Dubois also has the nat ural gift of holding his audience's at tent ion. Senator Beveridge would be popular on the lecture platform, but he makes it a point never to deliver speeches for money. His return from his writ ings is large, however. Monopoly on Lecturers. The senate has no monoply of the lecturers. Captain Richmond Pearson Hobson is a bright and shining light. ! nis earnest iignt ior more nattiesnips j land his reasons for supporting thej I fight for a greater navy make him an I I interesting factor. He gets huge au diences wherever he speaks on the greater navy, and he is liKely to -1 bigger ones than ever since the presi dent demanded four battleships. Landis, of Indiana, is fast becoming a capable lecturer, and is in demand for Chautauqua lectures, for college audiences and the like. He is a sph n did orator. Congressional trips to the Panama catia!. to Hawaii and the Philippines have led many congressmen to turn to the lecture, platform. Their conclu sions, arrived at after personal inves tigation of important governmental features are interesting and t';oy are well worth the money paid them. It costs Quite a. sum to secure the star speakers of congress. Til'man and Lafo'.ietr- wore paid as much as $2.", ft a nigh and expenses ,nd their speeches were well worth that amount. Kvery one present got their money's worth. off to bidders. The price ranges from five to twenty dollar an acre; oae fifth the purchase price to be paid down, the balance on forty years' time, rt 4 per cent interest. This means that Ion acres sold at :n requires the payment of ,loo down, and all the purchaser has to pay thereafter for forty years is the .B annual interest. Many of these locations are upon lakes where the purchaser may earn Ihe price of the land in one season by ac commodating tourists who are seek, ing recreation and fishing. Barber Pretty uiort. Mr? Cuitorner Well, yes, I am. Just put It down oa the ulate, will you? Much obliged to you for speaking of It London Tit-Bits. The carrier pigeon wai In nse by th Ftnte department of the Ottoman em pire aa early as the fourteenth cu- lurv MINNESOTA, YEARLY HAS LAND AUCTION Lands Sold Along the Lake Where It Is Easy to Pay For Them in a Year. Yours and Ours We supply to your children just as good food as we demand for our children. We know that the wheat should be steam-cooked for six hours. So we do that. Each berry should then be flaked so thin that the full oven heat gets to the center. Then a fierce heat must be applied to break down the granules of starch. So we toast the flakes, for 30 minutes, at 400 degrees. To make Mapl-Flake requires 96 hours. There are many ways where this work could be slighted, and the taste would not show it. Flaked wheat can te made, and is made, in one fourth of the time we spend on it. We could sell you the package for 10 cents in stead of 15 cents, if we made those economies. But we would not give half-cooked wheat to our children, so we don't to yours. We know that starch, unless properly cooked, is insoluble. The particles are not separated so the .digestive juices can get to them. So we spend 96 hours to get a food that's all food, all digestible. And we flavor it with pure maple syrup, so that the food which is best for the child will be the food that it wants. Thi; flavor is ex per. rive, cf course, for we tr-i" the pure maple syrup with the wheat ivhen we cook tt. Hut a chili chooses food largely t y taste. It is w. !e, for all concerned, t-v thus induce the child to eat the fcod it Ehou'.d have. 'fa pi-Flake is the or.ly -heat food which entirely digests. Our l.-,r.g process does all that is necessary. Wc use it in our homes. Please try it in yours. The only food ervi ;a fn- :-:-ai packages is hotels, clubs, cafes, acd go on.ctf car. ! St. Paul. June C The state of Min : nesota has several million of acres of 1 laxd whica, twice a year, is auctioned Take a KODAK With You Anybody can Kodak. Good result from the start. room. Daylight all the way. COMPLETE OUTFITS FROM $1.00 UP. No dark VV. H. ROSS DRUG CO., 804 Main St.