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THE KICIDIOXD PALLADIU3I AND SUN-TELEGRAM, SUNDAY, JUNE 14, 1908.
THE RICHMOND PALLADIUM AND SUN-TELEGRAM. Palladium Printing Co., Publisher. Office North 9th and A Street. chist, but was assassinated by his po litical enemies, in a time of great ex citement. The crime was well-planned; the man who sped the bullet into Goebel"s brain was never captured. Only tlfe weakest circumstantial evi dence against Powers and Howard was to be had, but they were found guilty by the Jury and were sentenc ed. The vindication of Powers and How ard clears the name of Kentucky from a black stain. The time for unjust persecution on political grounds INTERIOR ARRANGEMENT OF GREAT COLISEUM IN CHICAGO. HAS A LARGE FOLLOWING. FAVORITE SON OF INDIANA RICHMOND, INDIANA. PRICE Per Copy, Daily Per Copy, Sunday Per Week, Dally and Sunday... . 2c . 3c 103 Hit)! i&v A IN ADVANCE Bhould be at an end. PAGE FOUR. Ss 3 1 ! On Year $5 00 Entered at Richmond, Ind.. Postofflce As Second Class Mall Matter. REPUBLICAN TICKET. STATE. Governor JAMES E. WATSON. Lieutenant Governor FREMONT C. GOODWINE. Secretary of State FRED A. SIMS. Auditor of State JOHN C. BILLHEIMER. Treasurer of State OSCAR HADLEY. i Attorney Genera JAMES BINGHAM. State Superintendent ' LAWRENCE McTURNAN. Stata Statistician J. L. PEETZ. a-Judge of Supreme Court QTJINCY A. MYERS. Jndge- of Appellate Court i DAVID MYERS. a Reporter of Supreme Court GEORGE W. SELF. j DISTRICT. Congress WILLIAM O. BARNARD. COUNTY. vJolnt Representative ALONZO M. GARDNER. -Representative 1 WALTER S. RATLIFF. Circuit Judge HENRY C. FOXl Prosecuting Attorney CHAS L. LADD. Treasurer ALBERT ALBERTSON. Sheriff LINUS P. MEREDITH. Coroner1 DR. A. L. BRAMKAMP. Surveyor ROBERT A. HOWARD. Recorder WILL J. ROBBINS. t Commissioner Eastern DIat. HOMER FARLOW. Commissioner Middle Dist. BARNEY H. LINDERMAN. -Commissioner Western Dist. ROBERT N. BEESON. WAYNE TOWNSHIP. ' Trustee JAMES H. HOWARTH. Assessor CHARLES E. POTTER. MIND NOT THE "PRATTLE. j Lashed to the mast by their pledges, yet hearing upon all sides the grilling ( of the Ohio candidate by the dissatis fied and disgruntled allies, the Taft delegates already In Chicago and those peedlng to the Windy-City to attend tie convention must i race three more days of unfair criticism and attempt J ed disruption of the party organization. ' The field candidates, growing peevish t because of the immense wave of popu t larity that seems to be sweeping Taft toward the nomination, are resorting to almost any means to accomplish their purpose. Never before has such a method been used to bring a candi date into. dfsfavorf and to induce his followers to break fath with him, as has been brought to bear in the fight Against Taft. The negro question; the matter of contested seats, practic- ally all of which contests were decided , la favor of Taft; the fact that tne ; White House is urging Taft's nomina- i ' ition and the sanctioning of the Ohio xnan by Wall Street; all of these are ' toeing used as argument to swing the I domination to any one of the allies. Talt'8 followers are apparently un J ! jnoved bj- the commotion about them. : Relying upon the platform proposed . by the big War Secretary, they, are holding their own and Intend to give ; their candidate a support unbiased by the Btreet-corner shouting of his oppo nents. FEARLESS GOVERNOR'S ACT. Apparently fearless in the discharge of the duties imposed upon him by his oath of office. Governor Willson, of Kentucky, has sit-I the official pardon freeing Caleb vers and Jim Howard, the two men who have been four times tried and thrice convicted on uncertain testimony, of complicity In the murder of the late Gov. Goebel. The action will call forth expression of cemmendation from over the en tire country. Back of the famous Goebel case is a story of political treachery and in trlgue that has not its eaual in the badly-governed small states of the old world. Goebel was not killed by. j prank or a rabid treet-hawklng anar- STORY IS NOT NEW. Again there comes froni interior Europe, dispatches telling cj the mas sacre by armed Russians of defense less Jews, the usual story of the re fusal of the police to interfere follow ing. Such lawlessness and inhuman persecution within the borders of a Christian country, is hard to believe in this day and age, yet the tale Is not a new one. The harrowing details recount a story as terrible as those of the In dian raids in our own country, a cen tury ago. rine red man was a savage barbarian whose instinct was to kill, The Russian is a member of an or ganized government, belongs to the white or Ayrian race and believes in Christianity. The comparison should shame the Muscovites into immediate and drastic action. MAYBE IT IS ALL SOUR GRAPES. m JsMi '.'At ' Kit ) JOSEPH B. FORAKER. Senator Foraker, of Ohio, Is a bit ter opponent of the candidacy of Sect retary Taft. ' STEAMSHIPS HAVE Latest to Be Installed Dentists' Office. Is a Nw York, June 13. The competi tion among steamship companies for novelties on board new steamships, by which tho impressionable passengers may bo captured, has led to all sorts of IrovaM n thft transatlantic. HnPra launched in tho past few years. It remained, however, for the Prin-, cipe Di Udino of the LJoyd Sabaudo ( Fast Italian Mail Line, to include a dentist's office among her attractions. ' TRAINED FALCONS AS WAR Russia Has Been Experiment ing With Birds. St Petersburg, June 13. Trained falcons to carry dispatches in time of war have been tested in the Russian army. Their speed is lour times as great as that of carrier pigeons. EXTERIOR VIEW II r -THE-COMVT-NTTICNr HALL SPAC. ONT MAJNTFLOOre Much Strife Marked the Birth of Great Political Conventions In the Early History of the Country Political Parties Had Prac tically No Organization, But by a System of Evolution Great Changes Have Been Wrought. The national conventions of the two great parties, which will be held this month and In July next, are the six teenth for the republicans and the twenty-first for the democrats since the date each party assumed the name. by which it is now known. Previous to that time, or the convention of 1S32, there was a general mixing of parti sans whose candidates v.-ere selected in various ways, but the earliest con vention might be said V date from February, 25, 1804, when the first reg ular caucus of members of congress was held to select a candidate for I president. i From 1780, the year of the first se lection of a president of the United States, until 1XY2, there were no popu lar conventions held as now underta ken, and from 17W) until 1S40 there were no regularly '"planked" platforms constructed. In 17S1 General Washington's eleva tion to the office of Presiaent consist ed simply of an agreement between the presidential electors appointed by those states which had ratified the constitution. Ten states only sent electors to the college, Rhode Island, North Carolina and New York not vot ing. The first attempt at party organiza tion dates from 1792, when the Feder alists and Democratic-Republicans formed their ranks. As both parties then differed only in a few minor de tails they easily agreed upon the same presidential candidate, Washington. Political strife, though mild in its I : i v. later years, began in ! i:ui"PnJU vwiu 1706. Washington's refusal to accept the third term compelled, the Federal- ists Democratic-Republicans to piace candidates in the field, the gen- tlemen being selected by a popular vote, somewhat on the order of a reg ular election. Favorites Had to Hustle. The Democratic-Republicans showed in this election the first semblance of political maneuvering and were suc cessful. These same conditions con tinued throughout the following polit ical years until 1824, when another ef fort was made to re viva the congres sional caucus system. The move ment, however, seemed to lack suffi cient stamina among the idividual members and progressed only as far as the adoption of resolution- commend ing the favorites. The favorites were left to hustle for themselves to se cure the nomination. In 1S12 the Democratic-Republican party dropped the compound name and became known as the Republican par- OF HALL IN WHICH CONVENTION WILL BE HELD. ST-OWI NO- ROSTTSUM, tTTH PEESS SEATS ONJ EACH ICG. VACANT IM PICTURE. WILL DE OCCUPIED BV DELE-jATS AND ALTER.NATy- y. This continued until 1S24, when the two parties, the Republicans and Federalists, became more or less bro ken up, and in IS-'S emerged aa the Democratic party and the National Re publican party. This marked the be ginning of the well-defined politcal lines that have since been given voice in the platforms adopted by each par ty in the national conventions. For the first time the two parties selected their, nominees for president and vice president by regularly organized con ventions in the summer of 1S'52. The Democratic party also adopted the two thirds rule, which is the rule now in force in each convention for the selec tion of candidates, but neither in 1S;!2 nor in 18.'!f did the two parties make any effort to adopt what is now re garded as a platform, although in the National Republican party publish ed the views of its members on the conduction of the affairs of the Gov ernment. Adopted Two Thirds Rule. In 1S36 the National Republican party became partially disrupted by different views within its ranks. Aft er the split the larger portion chose the name of "Whig," which clung to the party throughout each convention until 1856. The two thirds rule was adopted .by the Whig party in 1846 in their con vention of that year. This convention was the beginning for the great strug gle for nomination. Factions having sprung up in the parry the nomina tions of William II. Harrison and John Tyler for Tresident and Vice President respectively were not ac complished until the third day of the convention The first organization of a National Committee occurred in 1S4S at the Democratic National Convention. Eight years later the Whigs became the Republican party and elected their regular National Committee at the convention of that year. The convention of both parties and the smaller miscellaneous parties which occasionally sprang into exist ence between 1848 and 1S76 were comparatively mild, the candidates be ing well backed at the beginning. In 1SS0 the Republicans encountered a scattering vote and it was not until the thirty-sixth ballot that they final ly decided on James A. Gartield as the nominee. On the ballot for Vice President Mr. Arthur received the nomination at the first attempt. Outcome Was Unexpected. At the Republican Convention at Chicago in 1SS4 it required the fourth ballot to elect James G. Blaine as the 1 All TtlHT HUtftWD nominee. As the counting of the bal lots progressed there was considerable excitement noticed among the com mittee, the outcome being rather unex pected. When the Secretary rose and shouted the five-hundred mark, near ly the necessary number, the .dele gates and spectators did not wait for the completion of the announcement, but burst into applause, which lasted a good quarter hour. Mr. Blaine, how ever, received the 541 votes neces sary, and General Logan was solidly backed for Vice President by all the states except New York. The Democratic Convention of that year nominated Cleveland and Hen dricks on the second ballot. This was the first convention at which dele gates of the territories and the Dis trict of Columbia were permitted to vote. In 1883 the Democrats nominated Mr. Cleveland by acclamation. The Republicans again encountered scat tering votes until the sixth ballot, when Mr. Blaine sent his dispatch from Edinburg, Scotland, dated June 25, 1888, in which he said: "I think I have a right to ask my friends to re spect my wishes and refrain from voting for me. Please make this public." Nearly the solid body that persisted in voting for Mr. Blaine shifted to Benjamin Harrison on the eighth ballot and effected his nomina tion. In JS92 the conventions of both parties nominated their candidates on the first ballot. Gold and Silver Questions. The 1896 conventions of both par ties will go down in history as taking a decided stand on the gold and sil ver questions. Some of the Western States objected to the anti-silver plank In the Republican platform, and three of the delegates from Utah became so wrought up as to leave the convention. The late Senator Arthur Brown, leader of the delegation, at once announced that Utah had not bolted; three alternates, he said, had been put in their places. In the Democratic convention there was a fierce conflict before the silver plank was finally adopted. The con test began when two delegations, gold and silver, from the states of the middle and Western sections asked to j be seated. The silver delegates from i most of those states were seated, among them being the Nebraska dele gation headed by William J. Bryan. The discussion of the silver ques tion became a heated one during the progress of the convention, but after Mr. Bryan's notable free silver speech which generated and started an over whelming wave of enthusiasm, the platform of 16 to 1 was adopted. Ex Governor Roswell P. Flower, chair man of the New York delegation, rose at the call of the first ballot, and said: "In view of the platform adopted by this convention, and of Its proceed ings and actions, I am instructed by the delegates from the state of New York to say that we decline further to participate in the selection of candidates for President and Vice President, and therefore we decline to vote." Mr. Bryan and Mr. Sewall were fin ally nominated on the fifth ballot. With Little Opposition. Mr. Bryan was nominated with scarcely any opposition in the Demo cratic convention of 1900. In this convention there was a reaffirmation of the ell ver question and IS to 1 by a close Tote, the minority being in favor of a more conservative expres sion for the silver standard. The attempt to place the name of David B. Hill, of New York, in nomi nation for Vice President was the only exciting episode in this conven tion. A stampede led by the New York delegation caused the great crowd to shout wildly for Hill, but Mr. Hill re plied in a rather strong speech with the announcement that he could not accept the nomination. In spite of this Messrs. Murphy. Croker and Gra dy, of the New York delegation, sug gested to Mr. Hill that his name would materially strengthen the party In the East, but their arguments were with out avail. The Republican convention, of the V ? WW irtP-f my cr) CHARLES W. FAIRBANKS. Fairbanks' name will be presented to the convention in Chicago by Governor Frank Hanly. He will be given the complimentary vote of his state on the first ballot, Indiana men in Chicago state. same year nominated Mr. McKlnley on the first ballot, but the nomination of Theodore Roosevelt for vice president required some political maneuvering that again illustrated the already well known generalship of the late Mat thew S. Quay, of Pennsylvania. Mr. Roosevelt's selection as the nominee for vice president was not as sured until the second night of the convention. Until that time the late Mark Hanna. chairman of the Repub lican National Committee, favored the nomination of the then Secretary of the navy, John D. Long, of Massachu setts. The combination to bring Mr. Roose velt's nomination about was composed of Messrs. Quay, Piatt and Payne, and at the second day's session, Mr. Quay sprang the scheme by introducing an amendment to the rules providing that the representation of each state in the future national conventions should consist only of four delegates at large and one additional delegate for each 10.000 votes cast for the national elec tors in the preceding Presidential dec tion. The effect of the amendment was at once obvious to the Southern delegates, who did not favor Mr. Roosevelt for vice president. They strongly opposed it and finally Repre sentative S. E. Mudd of Maryland, moved and secured consent that the consideration of the amendment be postponed for one day. Effected a Stampede. This was exactly what was desired. During his time the Southern dele gates were allowed to discover that there was an opportunity to beat the adoption of the amendment They sought the combination leaders at once, and after hasty consultations made the agreement that resulted in the stampede for Theodore Roosevelt. The following day Mr. Quay withdrew the proposed amendment in such a graceful way that the Southern dele gates, considering it a concession to INDIANA'S CHIEF EXECUTIVE TO BE HEARD IN CHICAGO - v m - j - - GOVERNOR F RANK HANLY. Hanly for the past several weeks, has been working hard on the speech in which he hopes to arouse so much enthusiasm that the convention will turn Its favorable attention towards I ndlaca's "favorite son," Charles War ren Fairbanks. Hanly is an orator o f power and is expected to stir the thousands of enthusiastic Tepublicans who will be in attendance at the nominating session. - . - -. them, rose en masse and cheered wild ly. Each four years the number of del egates to the national conventions it on the Increase. The lowest number of delegates to select a nominee for president was 3o. in 17s:. and the greatest T'J. in 11 H. The greatest number of ballots taken in any con vention was ;, in 1SS-). In the early stage of national conventions the vari ous parties seemed pretty well decided upon their candidates before the con ventions convened, but Jn late year the number of names submitted on the first few ballots became greater and reached as high as 1 1 in the year of 1SSS. The Middle States cities have been the favorite places of conventions dur ing the past years, Chicago being the city most used. A political convention ts of '.en the scene of great generalship among pol iticians. Each state sends a certain amount of delegates to the convention, based on the number of voters, and sometimes instructed to vote for a cer tain favorite man. At the beglnnlnj of balloting there may be any num ber of names written on the ballots. Some of the smaller oies may with draw, others are made to prevent the use of their names, and it is in such cases that the maneuvering takes place. Any candidate receiving a two thirds vote of the enthe number of delegates receives the nomination. Nell I don't see wby you call her spiteful. I thought she was paying you a compliment. Belle Oh, you don't know ber! Nell Why, didn't she tell yoo yon were looking quite yourself again? Belle She said my "old Eelf," with the accenLon the adiective. thig concerns vo'3. -ed creftUr. Lt. i.'t.woil' byrup Pepsin iscatiti.ely fcnrmn .1 to cure lndig(tion, constipation, ak k head on. offensive breath, malaria ana ail disease) .liiasr troa stotnar trouble.