THS RICHMOND PAL LADIU3I AXD SUN-TE LEGK A3I, SUNDAY, JUNE 14, 1908.
Lincoln, the rail splitter of Illinois,
lad strong support from the start.
As the Wigwam could hold only
6,000 people, there were enormous
throngs In the streets, who learned of
Ihe transactions within from men on
ihe roof. There were 465 delegates in
'On the first ballot Seward, nominat
ed 'by the stately William M. Evarts,
of New York, had 1734 votes. Lin
coln was nominated by Norman B.
Judd. of Chicago, and was given 102
votes. Lincoln's strength was in
creased by wholesale defections from
the other candidates after the first
ballot, and on the second vote the Il
linois candidate, who was sitting: in
his law office in Springfield to hear
thfi returns by wire, received 181 to
On the third ballot Lincoln received
231 and Seward 180, and 233 were
necessary for a choice. Then David
K. Carter mounted a chair and
changed four of Ohio's votes to Lin
coln and pandemonium reigned. Mr.
Judd marched down the main aisle,
carrying a portrait of Lincoln, and
Judge David Davis bore a moss-covered
rail with the legend, "Split by
Lincoln." A stampede ensued, and
there were 364 votes for Lincoln when
it ended. Mr. Evarts moved that it
be made unanimous.
The next Republican convention
held in Chicago was that of 1868, and
Carl Schurzz was chairman. It was
held in the Crosby opera house, on the
north side of Washington street, be
tween State and Dearborn, a theater
noted as one of the finest of its day.
Ulysses S. Grant, hero of Appomattox,
received all the 650 votes, and the
convention adjourned singing "The
Battle Cry of Freedom."
Great Times in 1880.
The spectacular convention of 18S0,
over which Senator Hoar presiled, was
held in the then new Exposition
Building opposite Monroe street, on
the lake front. Roscoe Conkling, Si
mon Cameron and John A. Logan were
determined to name Grant for a third
term. James G. Blaine's supporters
also were insistent, and the party
came near disruption.
Conkling, nominating Grant for the
third time, began:
"And when asked what state he hails
Our sole reply shall be:
He hails from Appomattox
And its famous apple tree.'"
After Conkling's arguments for a
third term had been heard and de
bated upon fiercely by the assembled
delegates, James A. Garfield, of Ohio,
(."Who had come to present the name of
John Sherman, made the speech which
made him famous. Garfield spoke for
the calm, deliberate judgment which
would need be exercised In the No
vember d.-ys of election, as contrasted
with the decisions made in the heat cf
a June convention.
"And now, gentlemen of the conven
tion," he said, "what do we want?".
A voice from the galleries returned:
"We want Garfield."
"Bear with me for a moment," was
Garfield's rejoinder. "Hear me for my
cause, and for a moment be silent
that you may hear."
Then he pleaded that there must ba
unity in the party ranks if success
was to rest with the Republicans in
the election. Every Grant and every
anti-Grant Republican, he argued, and
every Blaine and every anti-Blalne
man was needed to make success cer
tain. When balloting began next day, G-.ir-
field received one vote, cast by a Penn- j
sylvania delegate. On the ninth bal- j
lot he received two. a Maryland rnuu i
voting for him. On the thirty-fourth j
ballot Garfield received 17 votes. On
the thirty-fifth he received TjO. Then
the convention stampeded to the
young man from Ohio, who had come
to nominate Sherman as the man uyon
whom all the factions could unite. It
ish's cause and John Alden reaping
the benefit. On the thirty-sixth bal
lot Garfield received C99 votes and the
Jn 1S84 James G. Blaine, the "plum
med knight," and John A. Logan, Illi
nois' popular son, were the nominees,
the convention again being held in the
Exposition Building. Chester A. Ar
thur, heir to Garfield's chair, sought
the nomination, but lacked the quali
ties deemed requisite to hold the party
Where Blaine Was Named.
The newly built Auditorium, in un
completed state, housed the Republi
cans in the convention of 188S. Blaine
was not a candidate, but the five Cal
ifornia delegates insisted upon stick
ing to him. throughout. John Sher
man's friends stood by him nobly, and
at one stage lie received 244 votes.
On the eighth ballot General Ben
jamin Harrison, of Indiana, grandson
of President William Henry Harrison,
of "Tippecanoe and Tyler too" fame of
1840, was nominated, receiving 544
votes. Sherman received 118 on this
final ballot. Russell A. Alger, 100; Wal
ter Q. Gresham, 59: James G. Blaine,
5, and William McKinley, of Ohio, 5.
Levi P. Morton was named as Harri
son's running mate.
Chicago was host for the Democrat
ic delegates first in 1S64. when Gener
al George B. McClellan, "Little Mac."
was named, with George H. Pendleton,
of Ohio, as Vice President. McClel
lan's friends insisted that he had been
unfairly treated by President Lincoln,
and wanted to show him their appre
ciation. This convention was held in
the Crosby Opera House.
Grover Cleveland. Governor of New
York, was named by the Democrats
in their national convention, held here
in the Exposition Building in 18S4, and
Thomas A. Hendricks, of Indiana, was
the Vice Presidential nominee.
The democratic convention of 1892,
held in a temporary wigwam on the
lake front, was notable for the fight by
Senator David B. Hill and Tammany
against Cleveland. Bourke Cockran
held his audience in the hollow of his
hand for two hours with his celebrated
speech, although rain and wind
chilled the delegates and spectators
to the marrow in the flimsy building.
Cleveland was nominated, and Adlai
E. Stevenson, of Illinois, was his run
It was in the old Coliseum in Sixty
third street, near Madison avenue, on
the far south side, that William; Jen
nings Bryan was nominated In 1896.
Arthur Sewall, of Maine, was named
Car sacoud slice on . the ticket. The
GREAT LABOR LEADER WORKING WITH G0MPERS.
ffztSs rStOi. "'V'WV
A& " & TM
vp w, ' try Mr '
u r -" tflf , F1h
Mitchell, one of the strongest men in the American Fedeation of Labor
is in Chicago laboring shoulder to shoulder with Samuel W. Goinpers, pres
ident of the federation, fo an anti-injunction plank. It is this plank that
Is causing so much comment in Chicago among those delegates who have ar
rived on the scene. Labor leaders say Ihe installation of it into the repub
lican platform is vital. If it is not adopted in Chicago it will be toted out
to Denver and the democats will have an opportunity to adopt the plank in
party split upon the money Question,
and Bryan, advocating the free coin
age of silver at 16 to 1, made the
speech which boosted him to immed
iate, spontaneous fame, so far as the
Democrats were concerned.
"You shall not press down upon the
brow of labor this crown of thorns;
you shall not crucify mankind upon
this cross of gold," said Eryaii, in the
oration which he himself declared the
other day, in speaking of tha doatii of
Senator James K. Jones, cf Arkansas,
his campaign manager, tc have been
the speech which will stand as the
rj5 effect e he ever delivered.
MITCHELL WILL SOON
DECIDE 01 1EE
Being Urged to Ru;i
Sprinrficld, III.. J;:rr: '.-TzV. rf
Jchn Mitchell, fo: rnor p'cldcr.-. v: li.v
United -Mine Wo.Ivti. i:r (ivt.o.rtic
nominee for governor of Illinois, "ra;
been revived. Mr. Mitchell's a.ttit;:Uo
is that of a receptive c-:nu.!datc and he
ha? stated that he would decide at ihe
meeting cf the Illinois Fcd-rrrtiois of
Labor in Cpriagficld c:i Jus loth,
whether he would run o - not.
'I am worried
"rranli." said Maria,
about our boy."
"Aw. Mnrifi. let 'tn
Frank. 'There's' l'.otbins; yo'.i c;i:i do
over some woman."
"Frank." said Marin, "did you mnko
a fool of yourself over n woman v,-hen
you were young?"
"Did I. Maria?" said Frnnk. "1 made
an irretrievable ass of mv'f!"
"Frank." r-cid Maria, ' O t was the
woman s name.'
"Maria." said Frank, ' Cg ria!"-In-
"FIGHTING SENATOR" WHO
T" i' g o 6 afp"7y KlTr
' Ttom ctereocrapb. Copyrlrht. 1906, by Underwood & Underwood.
ROBERT L. LAFOLLETTE.
The Wisconsin statesamn who recently sprang before the public gaze
as the man making the longestspeech ever made in the senate, is an
active candidate for the republican nomination for president in Chicago.
He ha3 identified himself with the allies and has from the start fought the
nomination of Secretary Taft, which by the way is Quite natural since he
would himsfjf jaonthjlaurel wreath in the shape of the republican oomin
atiojU , ' " : " ' " - - -
j Wr.fchingtcn. June 13. The eiovcrn-
n-.ent's plan cf finding work for immi
!. auts and ecattcrir.g tacni over tbe
j coi.r.try to prevent congestion in the
. lr rqt cities is beginning to shov.- prac
' t:c:;I ro.nuti-. Lir-t month ncwly
i lundrd fov ir.cr were d.'rcctod to lo
'':.!: tii s ov.t:-;ide the ports of entr;r,
i where wc:k u!d be immediately had.
mmm 01 gbeat
Lf-KES HAS OPENED
Great Savhfj to Shippers of
I Duluth. June l:. -Xav;,aticn on the
i ?:-cr.t lal.c- ;v.z opened to the Lake
s i'ruporicr cojiper country points, which
means a ravine; of nearly a fifth of a
cent' rer round on water and rail
ti r.i.iportation charges, as compaicd
with all-rail rates.
Mr. f J ;isw l dropped a cent in the
.Titter. :i:i:l it has reduced me to pov
erty. Mr. Dnknne How could you be re
du"od to poverty by the loss of a sin
gle i c.itV
Mr. Caswell Don't you see that it
makes me a penny-less man?
WANTS TO BE PRESIDENT.
UNCLE SAM HAS A
Will Have $500,000,000 on
His Hands in the Near
PROVES TO BE A BURDEN.
WHERE TO PUT THE NEW EMER
GENCY CURRENCY AS SUB
TREASURIES CANNOT CARE FOR
Washington. D. C, June 13.-If you
possessed a mere matter of ?,o,oxV
000 or so, in surplus money, what
would you do with it V Uncle Sam
will have about that much paper cur
rency on hand, but he doesn't know ex
actly what to do with it; he will not
e able to spend itat least, not until
there's another financial panic and in
the meantiiae he is worried as to just
where and how he can keep it safe,
where thieves can not break through
and steal. The new emergency bills,
of which the ."i. 10 and :.'o dollar de
nominations ,;.ill be ready for circula
tion by July 1st, will make an awful
bifj pile, and treasury officials are non
plussed as to what to do with the mon
ey when it is printed. The law provides
that it shall be kept in reserve at the
various sub-treasuries to allow of
quick distribution in time of panic,
but none of the sub-treasuries can find
space to accommodate its quota.
Therefore, the authorities see no way
out o: the difficulty but to construct
additional vaults at Boston. Chicago.
Cincinnati. New Orleans. San Francis
co and Washington.
JOSEPH G. CANNON.
The Illinois delegation, save two of
its members, is for the speaker of the
national house of representatives for
president. They think he would be
one of the strongest men the republi
cans could nominate.
180 MILES Of PIPE
Pittsburg Oil and Gas Com
pany Places Big Order.
Pittsburg, Pa., June 13. The Colum
bia Oil and Gas company of Pittsburg
has ordered ISO miles of pipe for a
line from Hunting to Cincinnati from
the National Tube company. The or
der calls for $1,500,000 worth of pipe.
FIGHT AGAINST GAMBLING
MAKES HIM WORTHY FOE.
GOV. CHAS. E. HUGHES.
Gov. Hughes of New York, who is a
candidate for Republican nomination
for president has gained notoriety ov
er his recent victual over race track
ft igx'iffyi m
STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA
V V"-" . i V-..
. J t 4 V
PHILANDER. C. KNOX.
A train load of Knox boomers arrived yesterday in Chicago and open
ed headquarters for the Pennsylvania man. It is impossible to make his
loyal followers believe that his chances for the presidential nomination are
not at all brieht.
GETS BIG CONTRACT
Will Furnish Sheet Piling for
Black Rock Canal.
Pittsburg. June 13. The Lackaw.m-
na Steel company has received a con
tract to furnish 7,000 tons of sheet
steel piling for the federal govern
ment's $1.0CO.t!M lock in the Black
Lock ship canal. The United States
Steel corporation was a bidder for the
contract. The new lock will open
navigation through on ihe Great Lakes
Placed on Farm Mortgages
And County Bonds.
Guthrie, Okla.. June 1.1. The state
board has loaned over $1,000,000 of
the .? .").:; lO.t no school fund on farm
mortgages and county bonds, about
three fourths being on the former.
The demand for loans is co great that
the applications are hundreds ahead
of the board's ability to investigate.
LoaiK are being made at five per cent,
two per cent below the ruling niort
Never warm up a dish containing
mushrooms Is the caution which phy
sicking give. The process of cooking Is
in itself proper, but after getting cold
mushrooms are liable to develop inju
rious properties and become hurtful.
Therefore throw away any that may
be left over.
Mrs. Egbert Parnell, an Australian
invented'perf orated underwear.
WELL KNOWN FACE ABSENT FROM CONVENTION CITY.
' T'MuhK , 11
The secretary of the interior will not attend the republican national
convention in Chicago, for the reason that he is now on his1 way to the
Hawaiian Islands where he goes on
ment. Before leaving however he
Taft. He expressed the -gisbJbfcfew 2&&vlk HfiL Tafs sraald be made the
CHOICE FOR PRESIDENT.
FARMERS GET HELP
Postoffice Department Grants
Approval of Plan.
Washington. D. C. June 13. The of
ficials of the postoffico department
, have given their approval to a plan of
the division of information of the de
partment of commerce and labor.
which contemplate making use of the
services of postmasters and rural car
riers as an adjunct to the employment
work of the division.
The postmasters will be required to
send out through the carriers to farm
ers and others on the various routes
tributary to their offices, return pos
tal cards, prepared by the division of
information, that will contain instruc
tions how to secure help from amon
immigrants. The cards will contain
blanks, which, when properly filled.
will bring to the farmer or other em
ployer of labor Just the number and
the character of workmen that he de-
Will Supply Machinery for
South American Plants.
New York. June in. American man
ufacturers. in competitive bids, have
obtained in the last few days contracts
for various machinery for nitrate man
ufacturing plants of the west coast of
South America. The contracts in
clude the equipment for a big central
power and light station, a bituminous
gas plant, and a small Industrial rail
way. R. GARFIELD.
business connected with his depart
was an active supporter of Secretary
JUDGE K. M. UHDIS
Says Congress Is to Blame foi
Poorly Paid Juries of
ANNOYS THE MANAGERS.
CONGRESSMAN IN CHICAGO WHO
HEARD OF THE SPEECH TO THE
JURY ARE NOW IN THE THROES
OF INTENSE DISCUSSION.
Chicago, III., June 13. Judge Ken.
saw m. Landis, of standard Oil nn
fame, has started another lively dis
cussion here as a result of an attack
he recently made on Congress In re
gard to the jury system. The remark
which caused the trouble were made
in the course of a talk to a federal
grand jury and were not reported at
the time, but later some congressmen
who were in Chicago in connection
with the national convention heard ot
the affair and now it is being dls
cussed very liberally, to the annoy
ance of the various campaign manag
ers, who are trying to hold down the
political lid until after the conren
tion. The Judge was trying io invtO!
a little wholesale patriotism into thw
jury. "It is obvious." he said. "Chat
you gentlemen will be insufficiently
paid for your expenses, yonr time and
your worry. The fees allowed are not
enough, but I desire to relieve myself
of blame for that. I am not to blame
Congress is to blame for giving you
only three dollars a day out of which
to pay your expenses, besides remu
nerating yourselves for your trouble.
However, you have each of you th
satisfaction of performing a duty as a
public officer at a financial sacrifice
of your own personal liberty." Tha
present pay of jurymen was fixed at
a time when salaries and the cost of
living were much lower and has re
mained stationary during all the year
in which the pay of regular govern
ment employes has been very mater
ially increased. Attention has been
called to the injustice from tjms to
time, but until now no serious step
have been taken to remedy IK
ICE CREAM IMPURE
Chicago Has Organized
Fighting "Ice Cream i
H0KEY POKEY IS DOOMED.
Chicago, 111., June 13. An Ice
Cream Squadron," established ty the
city government and charged with the
duty of seizing and condemning Im
pure ice cream wherever found. Is
the latest novel development la Chi
cago's war against disease. After
this week the picturesque old hokey
pokey vender with his gandy. oil
cloth covered push cart filled with
watery ice cream will no longer be
seen on the streets of this city doling
out his wares to the boys and girls ot
the tenement districts and gathering
in their pennies in return. The Chi
cago Board of Health, through Its
head, Dr. Evans, has declared that the
innocent looking, "penny Ice cream"
contains many rapid, restless germs
and is a serious cause of mortality
during the hot summer months. 80
Food Commissioner Koehler and his
"Ice Cream Squadron" will ransack
the rendezvous of the offenders and
put an end to their trade. The cam
paign is based upon two new milk
laws which contain clauses against
adulterated milk products which, are
shown to contain the deadly tubercu
lar germ, against which, in all Its
forms, Chicago is now waging a war
of extermination. The "penny soda
water" man is also included under the
Mrs. Newly wed Before we wepe
married you said that my sHgbtest
wish should be your law.
Mr. Newlywed Exactly, my lore,
but yon have ao many vigorous and
well developed wishes that I am as
yet unable to decide as to which la
ly ontke bowels, cleanses,
assists one in overcoming
permanently. To get its.
The genuine. .
' m m r-. r aw
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