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THE RICII3IOXD PALL.ADIU3I AND SU3f-TEIiEGRA31, THURSDAY, JULY 23, 190S. THE RICHMOND PALLADIUM AND SUN-TELEGRAM. Published and owned by the PALLA DIUM PRINTING CO. Issued 7 days each week, evenings and Sunday morning. Office Corner North 9th and A street. Home Phone 1121. Bell 21. RICHMOND. INDIANA. Rudolph Q. Leeds Managing Editor. Charles M. Morgan Business Manager. O. Owen Kuhn- News Editor. SUBSCRIPTION TERMS. In Richmond $5.00 per year (in, ad vance) or 10c per week. MAIL. SUBSCRIPTIONS. One year, in advance $5.00 Six months. In advance 2.60 One month. In advance .45 RURAL ROUTES. One -year, in advance $2.00 Six 'months, in advance 1.25 One month, in advance T. .25 Address changed as often as desir ed; both, new and old addresses must he given. Subscribers will please remit with order, which should he given for a Bpeoifled term; name will not be en tered until payment is received. Entered at Richmond, Indiana post office as second class mail matter. REPUBLICAN TICKET. NATIONAL TICKET. For President WILLIAM HOWARD TAFT of Ohio. For Vice-President JAMES S. SHERMAN of New York. STATE. Governor JAMES E. WATSON. Lieutenant Governor FREMONT C. GOODWINE. Secretary of State FRED A. SIMS. Auditor of State JOHN I C. BILLHEIMER. Treasurer of State OSCAR HADLEY. Attorney General JAMES BINGHAM. State Superintendent IAWRENCE McTURNAN. State Statistician J. L. PEETZ. Judge of Supreme Court QUINCY A. MYERS. r Judge of Appellate Court DAVID MYERS. -Reporter of Supreme Court GEORGE W. SELF. DISTRICT. Congress WILLIAM O. BARNARD. COUNTY. Joint Representative " ALONZO M. GARDNER. Representative WALTER S. RATLIFF. Circuit Judge HENRY C. FOX. Prosecuting Attorney CHAS. L. LADD. Treasurer ALBERT ALBERTSON. Sheriff LINUS P. MEREDITH. Coroner DR. A. L. BRAMKAMP. Surveyor ROBERT A. HOWARD. Recorder WILL J. ROBBINS. Commissioner Eastern Dlst. HOMER FARLOW. Commissioner Middle Dist. BARNEY H. LINDERMAN. Commissioner Western Dist ROBERT N. BEESON. WAYNE TOWNSHIP. Trustee JAMES H. HOWARTH. Assessor CHARLES E. POTTER. MR. GOMPERS. The first blow for the democratic party has been struck by Mr. Gomp ers of the American Federation of Labor. Everyone expected that he would answer to the criticism within his own ranks. His assertion that the republican press Is endeavoring to represent him. as "delivering the vote" is untrue In as much as criticism of his action came first from union men, who have asked for an explanation. In apite of Mr. Gomner's statement, hla present editorial In the American Federatlonlst is a sure sign of his ef fort to lead the labor vote into the democratic camp. If Mr. Gompers really means what he says when he urges the union men to use "each man's right to choose his party affiliations- the republican party will have little to fear. Mr. Gompers was quite in evidence at the democratic convention and nat urally the democratic party has felt cheerful over the prospect But Mr. Gompers had no sooner proposed to tie the American Federation of Labor to the democratic party than there came a storm of protest from members in every section of the country and In every position both high and low In the Federation. On the sheer ground of expediency it would seem an unwise move on the part of the Federation to enter into politics per sa at all. To support Bryan openly with the prospect of ask ing favors from a republican congress would seem to place the unions In an embarrassing situation. On the other hand to go openly in support of Taft would place it in a less embarrassing situation in regard to the next con gress. It seems to an impartial obser ver that the labor leaders have done well in their attempt to have both par ties include their ideas in both plat forms. The unions have done much for the laboring element in their fight for legislation, that is the thing they should do. But. the attempt to force the individual into party politics is unwise, the laboring man has some estimate of his own ability in picking out the men on the ticket who will do his cause the most good and the rank and file will undoubtedly resent any attempt on the part of their own offi cers to drag and deliver them bound to either party. It la only human nature at work which will give the Federation more power by remaining an uncertain quantity. As an independent force both parties will continue to make a bid for the labor yote in the shape of legislation. We think that the protest over Gomper's action shows the same belief on the part of the more intelli gent part of the members of the Fed eration and a recognition of the fact that the republican party has done more for the cause of labor in the past and that it assuredly will be In a bet ter position with a republican major ity in the congress to pass legislation In the Interest of the laboring men. $29,240,000. The largest fine ever imposed in English law has been set aside by the action of the U. S. Court of Appeals. There must be a new trial of the In diana branch of the Standard Oil Company which probably cannot take place for a year. In a way the decis ion of the court is no surprise, for the fine was so enormous that It far ex ceeded the tangible property of the Indiana company. And yet, viewing the case from the popular point of view apart from its technicalities, one can not help feeling that as a part of the gigantic corporation known as the Standard "Oil company, (which was not only known as being addicted to rebates, but of Btifling competition by that means), the fine was justly im posed. The people looked upon that fine as the first step against the corporations and the railroads who have been threatening the independent compan ies. But of one thing they may rest assured that the light is not yet lost, it has only begun. This particular Instance may have not been won, hut sooner or later the principle at stake will be won for the people. Theodore Roosevelt began the fight and the en forcement of law was the most con spicuous thing in his administration. In event of Taft's election the country will have the assurance that the in terests of the people in the enforce ment of law will be attended to. CORPORATION CONTRIBUTIONS. It Is somewhat amusing to those who watch Mr. Bryan's moves to see the great pride with which he points to his refusal to take money from corporations. Yes, Mr. Bryan, it has been the law of the land for over a year, and it was passed by the repub lican party. The reason that Taft made no such statement until recent ly was the fact that he knew it was a law and it was only when the doubt was expressed to him as to whether the presidential elctors were under federal jurisdiction that he said it made no difference to him. It Is either ignorance of the law or political trickery on Mr. Bryan's part that has led him as the French say, ' to smash in open windows." No corporation official or director who has his wits about him is going to lay himself liable to fine and imprison ment for the privilege of giving money. But Mr. Bryan won't accept it anyway. Well neither will Taft, but he has not yet chosen to make a boast of having obeyed the laws which were passed by the republican congress under his very eyes. Both candidates deserve great credit for publicity in campaign contributions, but Mr. Bryan can not take the credit for the elimination of the corporation. That belongs elswhere. When Mr. Taft was Invited to at tend the opening of a new court house at Germantown, Va., which is near Hot Springs, where he is stop ping, he accepted the invitation with pleasure. In an address on the admin istration of justice by the courts, he said: "I can not go into the atmos phere of a court room without a feel ing of deep regret that I ever left it, because for eleven years I was on the bench. I can not refrain from commenting on what was to me, ex cepting only the family relations, the most intimate friendship and the sweetest relation I have ever expe rienced in my life." Regrets are vain, but the people who read what he said will be Impressed with the feeling that ne who regards so highly the ad ministration of justice will be a safe administrator of affairs that will be placed in his hands next March. Sehaph: Cookies, from Gold Medal Flour, are the best I ever tasted. Sophia. BRYAN MEN MEET SIGNAL DEFEAT Guffey Men Show That They Are Still in Control of Pennsylvania- BRYAN MAN HOWLED DOWN. KERR REFERRED TO AS THE "TOADSTOOL OF STATE DEMO CRACY" AND A "POLITICAL POT HUNTER." Harrisburg, Pa., July 23. Advisers of W. J. Bryan, who thought to control the Pennsylvania state Democracy, re ceived a signal defeat yesterday when the State Central Democratic Com mittee elected officers for the coming year. Col. J. M. Guffey, who was oust ed by the national convention from his seat In the national committee, was retained as the leader of the Pennsyl vania state Democracy. The state committee, in ringing resolutions, de cried the arbitrary action of the Den ver convention and voted Col. Guffey as the legal real national committee man from Pennsylvania in spite of the presence of James Kerr, the Bryan elected national delegate, who was on the floor of the hall under orders from Mr. Bryan seeking recognition for himself and for the State Bryan League. The regular Democrats, still rankling over their harsh treatment at Denver, defied the Bryan people. Na tional Committeeman Kerr attempted to have his own name indorsed as the real member of the national body, but was howled down derisively. A strange feature of the case was that though many In the committee meeting were staunch Bryan support ers, they spoke bitterly against pro ceedings of the Denver convention, and, although refusing to recognize the Bryan national committeeman In any way, spoke kindly of Bryan, whom they said had been deceived by lies told him by certain Pennsylvanians. Mr. Kerr was in for a fearful roast ing, which he got on the floor of the committee room. He was referred to as the "toadstool of the Pennsylvania Democracy" and as one "political pot hunter" who had helped mislead Bry an with tales of what could be done in Pennsylvania. Under the hot fire Na tional Committeeman Kerr was forced to retire without even putting up a man to oppose the choice of Col. Guf fey for state chairman. Every man elected to comprise the next state com mittee is friendly to Guffey. Question and Answer. The question has been asked a laundress, whose conversion was thor ough, "How would you like to go back to the use of yellow rosin soap and the back breaking, muscle-wearing old way of washing?" Her answer was short and simple. "Not as long as Easy Task soap is made. When I follow di rections on the wrapper, it does nearly all the work itself and my washing for the entire week only costs me 5c." Pen I'lcture of Henry Clay. An Englishman who traveled in the United States in the early part of the last century visited Washington and described Henry Clay as follows: "lie is tall, thin and not a very muscular man; bis gait is stately, but swinging, and hla countenance, while it indicates genius, denotes dissipation. Though there is want of rapidity and fluency In his elocution, yet he has a great deal of fire and vigor in his expres sion. When he speaks be is full of animatiou and earnestness; his face brightens, his eye beams with addi tional luster and his whole figure in dicates .that he is entirely occupied with the subject on which his elo quence is employed." ' The Mam With u. Hobby. Don't make fun of the man with a hobby. It may be that that very hobby will be the means of the world getting something of great good. All people that have contributed to the sum of human knowledge had a hobby. The man who ranks as an Inventor had a hobby once; the minister who gets up In his pulpit has his bobby; the man who sells you goods has the same. In fact, those that do anything at all have a hobby. You may call it by some oth er name, but the hobby Is still there. Terrell Transcript. Jlo Return. "Take my advice don't lend Bor roughs any more money." "I never did." "Why, you used to, I'm sure, for I" "No. I used to think I was lending it to him, but I soon discovered it was purely a gift." Catholic Standard and Times. The Improved Toasted Corn Flakes THE E-C process ot utmnm i niiing, retains and raapbasixes ia E-C Cora Flakes all the natural flavor of tbe cor a. flak dainty and crisp, tbe moat deltcicma mossel of corn food anyone erer tasted. No artificial flavoring la oos la E-C At Your Grocers, IOc. E6G-0-8EE CEREAL COMPANY Cfclcaf a Larveat afanafactarara ot Ptaa4 OPPOSITION TO GOMPERS STRONG Labor Unions Objecting to His Recent Democratic Edict. UNIONS ARE TEMPERATE. CENTRAL UNION BODY HAS NO RIGHT TO PLEDGE LOCALS, SAYS ONE PRESIDENT OF TYPO GRAPHICAL UNION. Washington, July 23. President Gompers of the American Federation of Labor Is hearing discordant notes within his organization, caused by his appeal to labor to vote the Democratic ticket. The opposition which is devel oping does not seem to cause Mr. Gompers much worry, but the rate at which It Is growing promises to force recognition. President Frank A. Kidd of Colum bia Typographical Union No. 101 takes issue with Mr. Gompers over the appeal and severely condemns the movement to inject politics into labor organizations. "I would say that not 20 per cent, of the members of the labor organi zations favor adopting resolutions in dorsing political parties or condemn ing national candidates for office," said Mr. Kidd. "Unions of the skilled crafts seldom mix in politics. Cen tral bodies are wholly without author ity either to bind the members of lo cals to any policy or to direct their action In political matters. Trades un ions are inclined to temperate conser vative action in all things. "Resolutions emanating from these unions are always elevated in tone, honest in purpose and true to correct principles. They never proceed upon the assumption that either great par ty would nominate a man who is not a patriotic American, worthy the con fidence of all good citizens and if elected would serve the people hon estly and courageously according to the requirements of his oath of office. "Nor do these unions judge a party by a single plank in the party plat form, for that platform was never written that in its entirety was satis factory to any considerable number of men. "Members of these unions support the party that in essentials of policy as a whole seemingly comes, in the individual judgment of the workmen, nearest the ideals of the membership. Trade unionists think alike on craft questions, but differ widely on politi cal, social and religious questions, and this difference is universally tolerat ed by labor bodies in true democratic spirit. Therefore, any attempt to cor ral the political expression of work lngmen is destructive of the basic principles of the trades union move ment and will be impotent because impossible. GREAT CITIES. A Theory That They Are Sljro ( National Decadence. The distribution of manufactures in any country would be a most curious and interesting subject of study. The first thing to stand out conspicuously In the investigation would be the grad ual tendency toward concentration in the larger cities and the gradual reces sion of manufactures outside them. Certain sections of the country are full of decaying communities, once active, but from which the chief Industries have been withdrawn. If investigation disclosed the fact that certain Centers of manufacture had become such through the possession of pre-eminent natural advantages, such a condition would be easily explained; but, In fact, natural advantages have comparative ly little to do with the matter. A country consisting mainly of large cities with merely incidental rural pop ulation has taken a long step toward final disintegration. Moreover, even if actual disintegration is not imminent, there exists the curious and anoma lous condition of a community in which the transportation and distribution of commodities are the predominant ele ments, in which producer and consumer stand at the ends of a long chain of Intermediaries. It is bad enough In this respect even at present, but every step toward further concentration of industry and population makes it worse. No country in which the pro ductive forces, are steadily being sub ordinated to an intricate (and, upon the whole, wasteful) mechanism of distri bution can long remain prosperous. Dr. Louis Bell in Engineering Maga zine. IMPROVISED NITROGEN. What Happens When Lyddite and Similar Com pound a Explode. When left alone to its natural func tions nitrogen pursues a perfectly peaceful course, but when man suc ceeds In capturing it and combining it with other elements it becomes a dire potentiality for evil. The love of free dom, so to speak, characteristic of ni trogen Is terribly exemplified In the ex plosion of the bomb In which It is Im prisoned and bound to other elements. Oa the slightest provocation a spark, a shock, a fuse the nitrogen suddenly expands from seemingly nothing as re gards the space which It occupies into Infinity. This Is In reality what bap pens when dynamite, lyddite or other unstable nltro compounds explode when hurled in shells In warfare and In bombs In desperate attacks on human lives. Nltro aren. asralnst its natural dls- ( position, is locked up in an uncongenial space in these compounds, from which It is set free by very simple means in an enormously expanded gaseous state with deadly effect returning, in fact, to Its normal peaceful mission once more. It is the analogue of the sword and the plowshare; in the nitro explo sive nitrogen Is the modern engine of warfare and crime; In the free state in tbe atmosphere It ministers directly to the quiet and peaceful needs of plant ad ham an life London Lancet. IK(IDLLEMBEM(E9 SHJMMEM ALE 4 lhTS a very we started our summer sale and under these conditions we propose to continue it until the end of the month. To fully comprehend the value of a visit to our Notion De partment during this sale, READ THE FOLLOWING: n A FEW ITEMS Just to Make the Cash Boxes Fly Friday and Saturday Mennens Talcum with chamois 12c per can. Japanese tooth picks, 250 picks to box worth 5c box, to go at 5 boxes for 10 cents. Ever-tidy comb to keep up the stray locks. You know the style. Friday and Saturday 5c each. One-half pint can Edith metal polish used for brass, copper and nickle, worth 15c, Friday and Saturday 5c can. Dennison's paper napkins. You know them; sold everywhere at 10c per doz. CrM-v nd, JSaturdav 3cjaer dozen. One lot Silk and washable sale, 8c each. NOTE. Just at this season when Trunks, Suit Cases and Traveling Bags are at their very best we give you the advantage of a liberal reduction on this class of goods. Then too, every Corset in our store is marked with a Summer Sale price, including the wonderful Nemo Corsett, the corset that has no equal. We say it's your opportunity. Don't miss it NOTION DEPARTMENT THE GEO. H. KNOLLENBERG CO. LUTHER LEAGUE IS MEETING AT FAIR HAVEN The Rev. E. G. Howard One of The Speakers. Frankfort, Ind., July 23. The an nual meeting of the Luther League of the state Is being held at the Fair Haven church, just west of this city, and the attendance is large. The op ening service was conducted by the Rev. M. L. Stirwalk, chairman of the executive committee and the conven tion sermon was delivered by the Rev. E. G. Howard, of Richmond, president of the Olive Branch synod. After re ports were heard from the various leagues there was an address by the Rev. George B. Hancher, of Chicago. The most curious present ever given to anybody was that made to an elder ly Welsh couple in Kentucky. John Williams and his wife celebrated their golden wedding, and among the pres ents received was a tombstone with their names beautifully engraved on It r 1 u easy matter to create enthusiasm and last selling during a sale n you nave plenty ot good, desirable merchandise to offer at a figure far below its actual value. On this very basis One counter Oriental Laces and Insertions, Venise bands and gallons, worth from 35c to 75c yd., during this sale, 19c Yd. 100 Pes. Fancy floral warp print Ribbons, from 4'to 5 inches wide, worth up to 75c yard, during this sale 25c Yd. One counter White Embroidered Handker chiefs, hemstitched edge, worth 15c each, during this sale 8c each. One counter Face Veiling, fancy mesh and dotted, all good colors, navy, brown and black, worth from 25 to 35c yard, during this sale 18c yd. One lot Ladies' Linen colored, embroidered Collars, all sizes worth from 15 to 25c each, during this sale J. 5c each Stock Collars, worth from Wit tO fjte ml1l. William the Conqueror on landing In Engl&bd Is reported to bave made a false step as bis foot touched tbe sand and to have fallen on his face. A mur mur arose, and voices cried, "Heaven preserve us, a bad sign!" but William, rising, said without confusion or hesi tation: "What is the matter? What are you wondering at? I have seized this ground with my hands, and, by the brightness of God, so far as it ex tends It is mine, it is yours." The Coffee Darometer. "Ever notice what a fine barometer a cup of coffee makes?" a restaurant keeper asks in the Sun. We have. When it's weak and cold a storm is sure to follow. Albany Journal. Soft. He Yaas, you know, I want to find something to take up my mind. She Have you tried blotting paper? One of the greatest wonders In this world is what becomes of al! tbe smart children when they grow np. When a man seeks your advice be generally wants your praise. Chester field. Wtlhelxmixa: Better use Gold Medal Flour. Tolaxde. 8 cjSa? 25 to 50c each, during this NOTICE We wish to inform our old customers as well as new ones that our stock of woolens for fall suitings has arrived and is the larg est we have ever shown. $15 or $18 will get a fine fall suit. See the new fall styles. EMMONS TAILORING CO., Cor. 9th and Main. this con r5r- too. ad c are ?mr. lir. .Swell's fcrrnp Pepsin Is cositiaty raaran . to mrt indigestion, constipation, sk a bead- offensive breath, malaria ana sill fiaoasec .s.inz from Komfk ronbJa. Selected from our regular stock. 35 Ladies' Suits, worth from $20.00 to $25.00. They go on sale tomorrow (Friday) morning at $10.00. KnoIIen berg's Store. PALLADIUM WANT ADS. PAY (Ite ShmzttStef'