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THE RICHMOND PALLADIUM AND SUN-TELEGKA3I, FRIDAY, JANUARY 22, lHOSJ.
MESSAGE OF PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT TODAY ON CONSERVATION OF RESOURCES PAGE SIX. RESOURCES ARE WAKING SAYS THE CHIEF EXECUTIVE President Roosevelt Today Submitted to Congress a Message Calling Attention To Conservation. WASTE IS TOO GREAT SAYS THE COMMISSION In the Message the Executive States Facts Contained Constitute Imperative Call To Action. Washington, Jan. Tl. rresiueu. Roosevelt sent to congress today a message transmitting the report of the national conservation commission. He prefaces the report with his own com ment, stating in vigorous terms his conviction that immediate action is needed if the rightful heritage of pos terity in natural resources is to be pre served. The message says: To the Senate and House of Repre sentatives: I transmit herewith a report of the national conservation commission, to gether with the accompanying papers. This report,' which Is the outgrowth of the conference of governors last May, was unanimously approved by the recent joint conference held In this city between the national conserva tion commission and governors of states, state conservation commissions and conservation committees of great organizations of citizens. It Is there fore in a peculiar sense representative of the whole nation and all its parts. With the statements and conclusions of this report I heartily concur, and I commend It to the thoughtful considera tion both of the congress and of our people generally. It Is one of the most fundamentally Important documents ever laid before the American people. It contains the first inventory of Its natural resources ever made by any nation. In condensed form It presents a statement of our available capital In material resources, which are the means of progress, and calls attention to the essential conditions upon which the perpetuity, safety and welfare of this nation now rest and must always continue to rest. It deserves and should have the widest possible distribution among the people. The facts set forth In this report constitute an Imperative call to action. The situation they disclose demands that we, neglecting for a time. If need be, smaller and less vital questions, hall concentrate an effective part of our attention upon the great material foundations of national existence, prog ress and prosperity. Immediate Action Needed. This first Inventory of natural re sources prepared by the national con servation commission is undoubtedly but the beginning of a series which will be Indispensable for dealing Intel ligently with what we have. It sup plies as close an approximation to the actual facta as It was possible to pre pare with the knowledge and time available. The progress of our knowl edge of this country will continually lead to more accurate Information and better use of the sources of national strength. But we cannot defer action until complete accuracy In the esti mates can be reached, because before that time many of our resources will be practically gone. It is not neces sary that this Inventory should be ex act In every minute detail. It Is essen tial that it should correctly describe the general situation , and that the 'present inventory does. As It stands It Is an Irrefutable woof that the con- loxativo for IVomonFrco There is a great difference in the purposes to which a laxative should be put. Tablets and pills, salts, etc, are usually violent purgatives or cathartics, and altogether too power ful for the average person. A woman at alt times needs only a mild laxative in fact, none other la needed by anyone, weak or strong though they may be, for the object is simply to move the bowels, and It a gentle laxative wUI do it, what Is the use of a violent one? Dr. Caldwell's Syrup Pepsin has earned . weu-deeerved vogue among; women and children and old folks people who must necessarily be oarer ul ef what they take. It te a liquid laxative tonic and ad mittedly the greatest stomach, Uver and bowel remedy before the American people. The price is only SO cents or $1 a bottle, as It comes in both sizes, and all drug gists sell it. Its pleasant taste an& genua action make It an ideal remedy for women In oonaUpaUon. torpid liver, sour stom ach, sick headache, heartburn and auctt like digestive complaints. Its use for a short time will remove the trouble en tirely so that future medication win be unnecessary. Its tonlo properties bul.d up the stomach and Intestinal muacleu so that they act naturally again. That this Is so Is the experience of many headt of families, like Mr. Brannan. of Alvarndo, Va., Mrs. K. I Stout, of Louisville. Ky.. and numerous others: In fact, way out ia Williams, Cel.. as Mrs. J. E. Blackmore. of that plaoe, writes, the whole town seems to be using it. If we remedy Is new to you and you want to make a trial of it before buying, end your name to the doctor's address aa below and a free test bottle will be sent yen. Then, If results are satisfactory ywu csmpny n ox your oruggisi. If there Is anything- about your aliment that you dont understand, or If you want any medical advice, write o the doctor, and he will answer yoa fully. There la no share for this service. The address Is Dr. TV. B. Caldwell, lot CaMweaaidc a serration of our "resources' Is the fun damental question before this nation and that our first and greatest task Is to set our house In order and begin to live within our means. The first of all considerations Is the permanent welfare of our people, and true moral welfare, the highest form of welfare, cannot permanently exist save on a firm and lasting foundation of material well being. In this re spect our situation Is far from satis factory. After every possible allow ance has been made and when every hopeful indication has been given its full weight the facts still give reason for grave concern. It would be un worthy of our history and our intelli gence and disastrous to our future to shut our eyes to these facts or attempt to laugh them out of court. The peo ple should and will rightly demand that the great fundamental questions shall be given attention by their repre sentatives. I do not advise hasty or 111 considered action on disputed points, but I do urge, where the facts are known, where the public Interest is clear, that neither indifference and Inertia nor adverse private Interests shall be allowed to stand in the way of the public good. Our Responsibility For the Future. The great basic facts are already well known. "We know that our popu lation is now adding about one-fifth to Its numbers In ten years and that by the middle of the present century per- UM IRAAAAnnA A mv4java anil 1 f ta ind very many millions more miftt be led and clothed from the products of iur soil. With the steady growth In population and the -still more rapid In-' crease In consumption our people will hereafter make greater and not less demands per capita upon all the natu ral resources for their livelihood, com fort and convenience. It is high time to realize that our responsibility to the coming millions is like that of parents to their children and that In wasting our resources we are wronging our de scendants. We know now that our rivers can and should be made to serve our peo ple effectively In transportation, but that the vast expenditures for our wa terways have not resulted in maintain ing, much less in promoting. Inland navigation. Therefore let us take im mediate steps to ascertain the reasons and to prepare and adopt a compre hensive plan for inland waterway nav igation that will result in giving the people the benefits for which they have paid, but which they have not yet re ceived. We know now that our forests are fast disappearing, that less than one-fifth of them are being conserved and that no good purpose can be met by failing to provide the relatively small sums needed for the protection, use and Improvement of all forests still owned by the government and to enact laws to check the wasteful destruction of the forests In private hands. There are differences of opinion as to many public questions, but the American peo ple stand nearly as a unit for water way development and for forest pro tection. We know now that our mineral re sources, once exhausted, are gone for ever and that the needless waste of them costs us hundreds of human lives and nearly $300,000,000 a year. There fore let us undertake without delay the Investigations necessary before our people will be m position through state action or otherwise to put an end to this huge loss and waste and conserve both our mineral resources and the lives of the men who take them from the earth. I desire to make grateful acknowl edgment to the men both In and out of the government service who have pre pared the first inventory of our natu ral resources. They have made It pos sible for this nation to take a great step forward. Their work is helping us to see that the greatest questions before us are not partisan questions, but questions upon which men of all parties and all shades of opinion may be united for the common good. Among such questions, on the material side, the conservation of natural resources stands first It is the bottom round of the ladder on our upward progress to ward a condition In which the nation as a whole and its citizens as individu als will set national efficiency and the public welfare before personal profit Industrial Democracy In Danger. The policy of conservation Is per haps the most typical example of the general policies which this government has made peculiarly its own during the opening years of the present century. The function of our government is to insure to all its citizens now and here after their rights to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. If we of this generation destroy the resources from which our children would otherwise derive their livelihood we reduce the capacity of our land to support a popu lation and so either degrade the stand ard of living or deprive the coming generations of their right to life on this continent If we allow great In dustrial organizations to exercise un regulated control of the means of pro duction and the necessaries of life we deprive the Americans of today and of the future of Industrial liberty, a right no less precious and vital than polit ical freedom. Industrial liberty was a fruit of political liberty and In turn has become one of its chief supports, and exactly as we stand for political democracy so we must stand for Indus trial democracy. The rights to life and liberty are fundamental, and, like other funda mental necessities, when once acquired they are little dwelt upon. The right to the pursuit of happiness la the right whose presence or absence is most likely to be felt in daily life. In what ever it has accomplished or failed to accomplish the administration which Is Just drawing to a close has at least seen clearly the fundamental need of freedom of opportunity for every clti sen: We have realized that the right of every man to live his own life, pro ride for his family and endeavor, ac cording to bis abilities, to secure for himself and for them a fair share of the good things of existence should be subject to on limitation and. to no other. The freedom of the individual should be limited only by the present and future rights. Interests and needs of the other Individuals who make up the community. We should do all in miL novae ha flcrikw aarUarotrq luCl vldual liberty, fifdividuaT infflatlve. but subject always to the need of preserv ing and promoting the general good. When necessary the private right must yield, under due process of law and with proper compensation, to the wel fare of the commonwealth. The man who serves the community greatly should be greatly rewarded by the community. As there is great inequal ity of service, -so there must be great inequality of reward, but no man and no set of men should be allowed to play the game of competition with loaded dice. All this is simply good common sense. The underlying principle of conserva tion has been described as the appli cation of common sense to common problems for the common good. If the j description is correct then conserve-! tlon is the great fundamental basis for national efficiency. In this stage of I the world's history to be fearless, to b Just and to be efficient are the three great requirements of national life. Administration's Aim Defended. This administration has achieved some things. It has sought but Kb. not been able, to achieve others. I. has doubtless made mistakes, but all It has done or attempted has been in the single, consistent effort to secure and enlarge the rights and opportuni ties of the men and women of the United States. We are trying to con serve what is good In our social sys tem, and we are striving toward this end when we endeavor to do away with what is bad. Success may be made too hard for some if it is made too easy for others. The rewards of common Industry and thrift may be too small If the rewards for other and on the whole less valuable qualities are made too large, and especially if the rewards for qualities which are really, from the public standpoint, un desirable are permitted to become too large. The unchecked existence of monop oly Is incompatible with equality of opportunity. The reason for the exer cise of government control over great monopolies is to equalize opportunity. We are fighting against privilege. It was made unlawful for corporations to contribute money for election expenses In order to abridge the power of spe cial privilege at the polls. Railroad rate control is an attempt to secure an equality of opportunity for all men af fected by rail transportation, and that means all of us. The great anthracite coal strike was settled and the press ing danger of a coal famine averted because we recognized that the con trol of a public necessity involves a duty to the people and that public Intervention In the affairs of a public service corporation Is neither to be resented as usurpation nor permitted an a privttege by the corporations, but, on the contrary, to be accepted as a duty and exercised as a right by the government in the Interest of all the people. The efficiency of the army and the navy has been increased so that our people may follow in peace the great work of making this country a better place for Americans to live in, and our navy was sent round the world for the same ultimate purpose. All the acts taken by the government during the last seven years and all the poli cies now being pursued by the govern ment fit In as parts of a consistent whole. Measures For Country's Qood. Our public land policy has for Its aim the use of the public land so that It will promote local development by the settlement of hememakers. The pol icy we champion is to serve all the people legitimately and openly, instead of permitting the lands to be convert ed, Illegitimately and under cover, to the private benefit of a few. Our for est policy was establishel so that we might use the public forests for the permanent public good. Instead of merely for temporary private gain. The reclamation act, under which the desert parts of the public domain are converted to higher uses for the gen eral benefit, was passed so that more Americans might have homes on the land. These policies were enacted into law and have Justified their enactment Others have failed so far to reach the point of action. Among such is the attempt to secure public control of the open range and thus to convert its benefits to the use of the small man, who Is the homemaker, Instead of al lowing it to be controlled by a few great cattle and sheep owners. The enactment of a pure food law was a recognition of the fact that the public welfare outweighs the right to private gain and that no man may poison the people for his private profit The employers' liability bill recognized the controlling fact that, while the employer usually has at stake no more than his profit the stake of the employee is a living for himself and bis family. For the Benefit of the People. We are building the Panama canal, and tblB means that we are engaged In the giant engineering feat of all time. We are striving to add in all ways to the habitability and beauty of our country. We are striving to hold In the public hands the remaining sup ply of unappropriated coal for the pro tection and benefit of all the people. We have taken the first steps toward the conservation of our' natural re sources and the betterment of country "life and the improvement of our wa terways. We stand "for the right of every child to a childhood free from grinding toil and to an education, for the civic responsibility and decency of every citizen, for prudent foresight In public matters and for fair play in every relation of our national and eco nomic life. In International matters we apply a system of diplomacy which puts the obligations of International morality on a level with those that govern the actions ef an honest gen tleman In dealing with his fellow men. Within our own border we stand for truth and honesty In public and In private life, and we war sternly against wrongdoes of every grade. The obligations and not the rights of citizenship Increase In proportion to the increase of a man's wealth or pow er. The time Is coming when a man will be judged not by what he has suc ceeded In getting for himself from the common store, .but by hew well he has tone his) stapt-naBjrJgftsn4.jg what tbe 'ordinary 5 lttzen nas gamed In free dom of opportunity because of his service for the common good. The highest value we know Is that of the Individual citizen, and the highest jus tice isto give him fair play in the ef fort to realize the best there is In him. Common Sense Needed. The tasks this nation has to do are great tasks. They can only be done at all by our citizens acting together, and they can be doce best of all by the di rect and simple application of homely common sense. The national conservation commis sion wisely confined its reDort to th statement of facts and principles, leav ing the executive to recommend the specific steps to which these facts and principles inevitably lead. According ly I call your attention to some of the larger features of the situation dis closed by the report and to the action thereby clearly demanded for the gen eral good. Waters. The report says: Within recent months it has been rec egnled and demanded by the people, through many thousand delegates from all states assembled in convention in dif ferent sections of the country, that the waterways should and must be improved promptly and effectively as a means of maintaining national prosperity. The first requisite for waterway im provement is the control of the waters in such manner as to reduce floods and reg ulate the regimen of the navigable riv ers. The second requisite is development of terminals and connections in such man ner aa to regulate commerce. Accordingly I urge that the broad plan for the development of our water ways, recommended by the inland wa terways commission, be put in effect without delay. It provides for a com prehensive system of waterway im provement extending to all the uses of the waters and benefits to be derived from their control. Including naviga tion, the development of power, the ex tension of irrigation, the drainage of swamp and overflow lands, the pre vention of soil wash and the purifica tion of streams for water supply. It proposes to carry out the work by co ordinating agencies in the federal de partments through the medium of an administrative commission or board,' acting in co-operation with the strtes and other organizations and lndividnal citizens. The work of waterway development should be undertaken without delay. Meritorious projects in known con formity with the general outlines of any comprehensive plan should pro ceed at once. The cost of the whole work should be met by direct appro priation if possible, but if necessary by the issue of bonds in small denomi nations. It is especially important that the development of water power should be guarded with the utmost care both by the national government and by the states In order to protect the people against the upgrowth of monopoly and to Insure to them a fair share' in the benefits which will follow the develop ment of this great asset which belongs to the people and should be controlled by them. Forests. I urge that provision be made for both protection and more rapid devel opment of the national forests. Other wise, either the increasing use of these forests by the people must be checked or their protection against fire must be dangerously weakened. If we com pare the actual fire damage on similar areas on private and national forest lands during the past year, the govern ment fire patrol saved commercial tim ber worth as much as the total cost of caring for all national forests at the present rate for about ten years. I especially commend to the congress the facts presented by the commission as to the relation between forests and stream flow in its bearing upon the Im portance of the forest lands In nation al ownership. Without an understand ing of this intimate relation the con servation of both these natural re sources must largely fail. The time has fully arrived for recog nizing in the law the responsibility to the community, the state and the na tion which rests upon the private own ers of private lands. The ownership of forest land- is a public trust The man who would so handle his forest as to cause erosion and to injure stream flow must be not only educated, but he must be controlled. The report of the national conserva tion commission says: Forests in private ownership cannot be conserved unless they are protected from fire. "We need good fire laws, well en forced. Fire control is impossible with out an adequate force of men whose sole duty is fire patrol during the dangerous season. I hold as first among the tasks be fore the states and the nation In their respective shares in forest conserva tion the organization of efficient fire patrols and the enactment of good lire laws on the part of the states. The report says further: Present tax laws prevent reforestation of cut over land and the perpetuation of existing forests by use. An annual tax upon the land itself, exclusive of the tim ber, and a tax upon the timber when cut is well adapted to actual conditions of forest investment and is practicable and certain, it Is far better that forest land should pay a moderate tax permanently than that It should pay an excessive rev enue temporarily and then ceas9 to yield at all. Second only In Importance to good fire laws well enforced Is the enact ment of tax laws which will permit the perpetuation of existing forests by use. Lands. With our Increasing population the time Is not far distant when the prob lem of supplying our people with food will become pressing. The possible additions to our arable area are not great and it will become necessary to obtain much larger crops from the land, as is now done in more densely settled countries. To do this we need better farm practice and better strains of wheat corn and other crop plants, with a reduction in losses from soil erosion and from Insects, animals and other enemies . of agriculture. The United States department of agricul ture Is doing excellent work In these directions, and It should be liberally supported. The remaining public lands should be classified and the arable lands disposed ef to home makers. In their Interest the timber and stone act and the eoBasnatatlaxilaase of the borne- and. the desert land "law should" be' modified In accordance with the recommendations of the publtc lands commission. The use of the public grazing lands should be regulated in such ways as to improve and conserve their value. Rights to the surface of the public land should be separated from rights to forests upon it and to minerals be neath it and these should be subject to separate disposal. The coal, oil, gas and phosphate' rights still remaining with the govern- j ment should be withdrawn from entry j and leased under conditions favorable for economic development Minerals. The accompanying reports show that the consumption of nearly all of our! mineral products Is Increasing more j rapidly than our population. Our min eral waste is about oue-sixth of our product or nearly $1,000,000 for each working day in the year. The loss of structural materials through fire is about another million a day. The loss ; of life in the mines is appalling. The! larger part of these losses of life and property can be avoided. Our mineral resources are limited in quantity and cannot be increased or j reproduced. With the rapidly Increas ing rate of consumption the supply will be exhausted while yet the nation is in its infancy unless better methods are devised or substitutes are found. Fur ther Investigation Is urgently needed in order to improve methods and to de velop and apply substitutes. It is of the utmost importance that a bureau of mines be established in ac cordance with the pending bill to re duce the loss of life in mines and the waste of mineral resources and to in vestigate the methods and substitutes for prolonging the duration of our min eral supplies. Both the need and the public demand for such a bureau are rapidly becoming more urgent It ! should co-operate with the states in supplying data to serve as a basis for state mine regulations. The establish ment of this bureau will mean merely the transfer from other bureaus of work which it is agreed should be transferred and slightly enlarged and reorganized for these purposes. Conclusions. The Joint conference already men tioned adopted two resolutions to which I call your special attention. The first was intended to promote co operation between the states and the nation upon all of the great questions here discussed. It is as follows: Resolved, That a Joint committee be appointed by the chairman, to consist of six members 'of state conservation com missions and three members of the na tional conservation commission, whose duty It shall be to prepare and present to the state and national commissions and through them to the governors and the president a plan for united action by all organisations concerned with the con servation of natural resources. (On mo tion of Governor Noel of Mississippi the chairman and secretary of the conference were added to and constituted a part of this committee.) The second resolution of the Joint conference to which I refer calls upon the congress to provide the means for such co-operation. The principle of the community of Interest among all our people in the great natural resources runs through the report of the national conservation commission and the pro ceedings of the Joint conference. These resources, which form the common ba sis of our welfare, can be wisely devel oped, rightly used and prudently con served only by the common action of all the people, acting through their rep resentatives in state and nation: henCe the fundamental necessity for co-operation. Without it we shall accomplish but little, and that little badly. The resolution follows: We also especially urge on the congress of the United States the high desirability of maintaining a national commission on the conservation of the resources of the country, empowered to co-operate with state commissions to the end that every sovereign commonwealth and every sec tlon ot- the country may attain the high degree of prosperity and- the sureness of perpetuity naturally arising in the abun dant resources and the vigor. Intelligence and patriotism of our people. In this recommendation I most heart ily concur, and I urge that an appro priation of at least $50,000 be made to cover the expenses of the national con servation commission for necessary rent assistance and traveling expenses. This is a very small sum. I know of no other way in which the appropria tion of so small a sum would result in so large a benefit to the whole na tlon. THEODORE ROOSEVELT. The White House, Jan. 22, 1909. NVEHTQRY IS MADE Chief Forester in Report Rec ognizes Efficient Work Of Commission. EXPLAINS METHOD OF WORK in forwarding to the president the report of the national conservation commission Gifford Pinchot chairman of the commission, says the entry of the conservation movement Into the field of definite constructive work is accomplished by the authorization of a joint committee on co-operation, to be composed of six members of the state conservation commissions and three memlrs of the national conservation commission, with its chairman and secretary. This committee is to devise ways and means for effective co-opera tlon between all forces working for the conservation of national resources. Mr. Pinchot takes occasion to recog nize the work of the secretary of the commission. Thomas B. Shipp. and the secretaries of the four sections of wa ters, forests, lands and minerals, Messrs. W. J. McGee, Overton W. Price, George W. Woodruff and J. A, Holmes, respectively, without whose services, together with the government experts, the making of the national In ventory would have been Impossible. The five secretaries sign the report with him. The report ef the commission Is de voted mainly. to. n Investor!. of jtbe country resources in minerals, lands, forests and waters, closing with a sec tion on "national efficiency." - The mlneraj production of the Unit ed States for 1907 exceeded $2,000,000. 000 and contributed C5 per cent of the total freight traffic of the country. The waste in the extraction and treat ment of mineral products during the same year was equivalent to more than $000,000,000. The available and easily accessible supplies of coal in the United States aggregate approximately 1,400.000.000.000 tons. At the present Increasing rate of production this sup ply will be so depleted as to approach exhaustion before tbe middle of the next century. The high grade iron ores (the only iron ores available for use under existing: conditions) cannot j be expected to last beyoud the middle of the present century. The same is true of the petroleum supply. Thesup ply of stone, clay, cement, lime, sand and salt is ample, while the stock of the precious metals and of copper, lead. zinc, sulphur, asphalt, graphite, quicksilver, mica and the rare metals cannot well be estimated, but is clear ly exhaustible within one to three cen turies unless unexpected deposits are found. The consumption of nearly all our mineral products is increasing far more rapidly than our population. A stray gleam of light in the otherwise gloomy mineral situation is seen in the fact that while tbe production of coal is increasing .enormously, the waste and loss in mining are diminish ing. There is urgent need of greater safety to the miner. The loss of life through mine accidents is appalling. Stress is laid on the assertion that four-fifths of the country's fire losses, t r an nverase of $1,000,000 a day, could be prevented If the precautions taken in Europe were adopted here. Speaking of the nation's cultivable area, the report declares that there has been a slight increase in the average yield of our great staple farm prod ucts, but neither the Increase in acre age nor the yield per acre has kept pace with our increase In population. Within a century we shall probably have to feed three times as many people as now, and the main bulk of our food supply must be grown on our own soil. We have now nearly 6,000. 000 farms, averaging 146 acres each, but only a little more than two-fifths f the area of continental United States is under cultivation. The United States can grow the farm products needed by a population more than three times as great as our country now con tains, but we must greatly Increase the yield per acre. The greatest unnecessary waste of our soil Is preventable erosion. Second only to this is the waste, nonuse and misuse of fertilizer derived from ani mals and men. Other great causes of loss are due to Injurious mammals, plant diseases and insects. Most of these farm losses are preventable. The present public land laws as a whole do not subserve the best Inter ests of tbe people. Title to the surface of the remaining nonmlneral public lands should be granted only to actual homemakers. Next to our need of food and water comes our need of timber, declares the report The preservation by use under the methods of practical forestry of all nubile, forest lands either In, state Tttuc Mann Pcllnwirs I DESIRE TO ANNOUNCE that, since I have va cated my room in the Westcott, I carry all my pianos in my residence on East Main street? that by cutting out practically all expenses, I am in a position to do EVEN BETTER THAN FORMERLY, on the price of about any kind of a piano you may want. MY FORMER PROPOSITION was to save you from $50.00 to $150.00 on any kind of an upright piano, and very much more on Baby Grands; since I have no expense whatever, to pay for salesroom, etc. I am going to give the' buyer the benefit. HENCE, MY PRESENT PROPOSITION is, that I will save you from $75.00 to $200.00 on upright pianos, and from $150.00 to $300.00 on Baby Grands. NOW LISTEN to my UNPRECEDENTED OFFER: I will furnish you with all expense money to 2nd from the city where all kinds of pianos can be seen and, after you have made a thorough investigation, if there is any reasonable doubt in your mind (not mine) that I cannot do as I say, I will give you an extra $10.00 for your time and trouble. HASN'T THIS THE RING OF SINCERITY? If you are in the market for a high-grade piano, and want it at the RIGHT PRICE, come in and see if I mean what I say if I really can deliver the goods. MY OFFICE is. located at Room 40, Colonial Bldg., at which place the cash wiil be handed you in accord ance with the above proposition, without any obli gations whatever on your part, to buy of me unless I do ail I advertise to do, and if I do, I'm the fellow you have been looking for. Not a dollar will be asked of you, if you are right financially, otherwise a small payment down will be ail that will be required. You can have your own time in which to pay for your piano. - . , Automatic Phones Office. 1341 Residence, 3654 AldPEQSdD (EfllF3(DIIil or reaera"ownersait rs essenusa to the permanent public welfare. Effec tive and immediate co-operation by pri vate enterprise, state ownership and federal ownership is needed If the pub lic interest is to be subserved. By rea sonable thrift we can produce a con stant timber supply beyond our present need and with It conserve the useful ness of our streams for Irrigation, wa ter supply, navigation and power. Of the 70,000.000.000,000 cubic feet of water annually flowing Into the sea Vss than 1 per cent Is restrained and utilized for municipality and commu nity supply; less than 2 per cent (or some 10 per cent of that in the arid and semiarid regions) Is used for Irri gation; perhaps & per cent is used for navigation and less than 5 per cent for power. The freshets are attended by de structive soil erosion. The soil matter annually carried Into lower rivers and! harbors or Into the sea is computed at 780,000,000 tons. Soil wash reduces by 10 to 20 per cent the productivity ot upland farms and Increases channel cutting and bar building in the rivers. The annual loss to the farms alone Is $500,000,000, and large losses follow tbe fouling of tbe waters and tbe di minished navigation of tbe streams. Broad plans should be adopted pro viding for a system of waterway Im provement extending to all uses of the waters snd benefits to be derived from their control. Under the heading "National Effi ciency" the report says: "Since the greatest of our national assets Is the health and vigor of the American people, our efficiency must depend on national vitality even more than on the resources of the minerals. lands, forests and waters. Our annual mortality from tuber culosis is about 100,000. Stopping three-fourths of the loss of life from this cause and from typhoid and other prevalent and preventable diseases would Increase our average length of life over fifteen years. "If we count the value of each life lost at only $1,700 and reckon the aver age earning lost by Illness as $700 per year for grown men, we find that the economic gain from mitigation of pre ventable disease In tbe United States would exceed $1,500,000,000 a year. In addition, we would decrease suffering and increase happiness and content ment among the people. - ' ENTER "WHIZ" EXIT DIRT Take the dirtiest, grimiest and greasiest hands that ever happened rub a little "Whiz" over them add a little water see rf how it gets right down into the cracks and takes out the dirt and it leaves the hands soft and smooth, too. Nothing like it ever made. Get it at your grocer's. P. S. It lasts longer than soap. Recently enrolled among the fresh men at the University of Pennsyl vania, is a Spanish nobleman, the Marquis Carlos de Potestad, a youth, of eighteen who speaks English like a native of England, having attended school in that country for several years, and has already received his A. B. degree there. His family Is one of the noblest in Spain, and his father occupies a high government position. TUnaft ffltae Goodls