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THE RICHMOND PAIXADITTM AND SUN-TEIEGRAM, SUNDAY. AUGUST 15, 1009. Tto nicfcso: 3 Palte diem - awl Sn-Telecrao Published and owned by the , FALLADIUM PRINTING CO. iMued 7 days each week, evening and Sunday morning. Office- Corner North 9th and A streets. Home Phone 1111. RICHMOND. INDIANA. Rudolph G. Lecda. . . .Maaaslaar Editor. Charlea M. Morsaa. ......... .Hiaiger, W. R. Ponadatone. ...... ,Hnri Editor. SUBSCRIPTION TERMS. In Richmond $5.00 per year (In ad vance; or ioc per week, MAIL. SUBSCRIPTIONS. one year. In advance ,.$5.00 Six months. In advance 2.60 One month. In advance .45 RURAL ROUTES. One year. In advance $2.50 Plx months. In advance 1.60 One month. In advance 25 Address rYismvoA a nft&n aa itAil..4. both new and old addresses must be given. Subscribers will please remit with order, which should be Riven for a .kc" icrnii name win not DO enter ed until payment I received. Kntered at Richmond, Indiana, post vuti;o hi ocuna ciass man matter. Verse and Worse NOW TIME. Gome gentle Phyllis, bide a bit and sit Under the Cigarette Tree. Wen live on Lotus Leaves and Sweets, And I'll love you and you'll love me. Lets' live beside some babbling brook, Watching the pebbles swirl, The Sons of Men in the towns below Are but mud In the City's whirl. Faith, we will live in Arcady, No care shall touch us there, .What want we of Whither and Whence Nor yet of After and Where? Let us live In the Now Time With the music of brook and bird calls, .-. If we love each other well now t What care we when the World falls? Come, gentle Phyllis, bide a bit and sit Under the Cigarette Tree. We'll live on Lotus leaves and Sweets And I'll love you and you'll love me. THE MEANDERINGS '' OF "BUGS" BOWERS. Editor's Note: The Editor of Verse and Worse takes pleasure in announc ing that he has secured the services of the Hon. ''Bugs" Bowers as contribut ing editor. Mr. Bowers is well known to all newspaper men and composing Since William Allen White wrote him up in "Our Town," the services of Mr. "Bugs" Bowers have been most diffl cult to obtain. Excepting the writings of Col. Roosevelt as contributing edi tor of the Outlook, the editor of Verse and Worse thinks he has the star con tributing editor. joey Kveretts, who beat his way from Kokomo to Indianapolis says he Has a girl who is a queen bee. Joey wlllget stung, all right. Anxious Inquirer: How can I stop growing 7 My growth is worrying me We used to have faith in cigarettes but the surest cure we can think of is to die. We don't recommend It. Now that all the cities are adopting Slogans we suggest the following for uincinnau: "ureaa, Butter and Beer." THE WOOZLEDING. Thaw birds fly black against the sun. Its way Is run and the day is done, Anfl night's fool-happy song begun BQr Woozleding, the Goblin thing. And who has seen the Woozleding? Be bides In his Jnberous Gard, And wards the Hordes from the Kln- . .Her Ring And well his taskMs hard. HlsJiead is as the heads of men With eyes of exceeding size Which glister In their sockets ten In gleeful, gugerlng guise. Now for each tooth he has a knife Full glinting in its sheen; And many a life has died in strife With Woozleding I ween. Stay well away from the Woozleding; Hay in your own back yard. For what want ye of the Klnker Ring That bides in the Juberous Gard? . C. B. E THE OFFICERS The officers and teachers appointed for the Chautauqua Sunday school are as follows: Superintendent, E. M. Haas. Assistant Superintendent, W. E. RuSSeK ::7,V'-v, . Secretary, Mrs. Florence Strawbridge Treasurer, F. Harris. . Chorister, 1. H. Bun y an. Teachers Toung People, Harry B. Reeves. Intermediate, D. W. Scott. Primary, Mrs. L. K. Bunyan. Bridget Sure. now. ye don't mane tcr say yer Hvln in a family phere there's no est. Who kin ye blame things on? Ann The childer. Bridget Ob, It's foolln, ye are, Ann They aren't her own childer. They're the master. Exchange. T i i i i j . . ..u t V A tlatlssi f ftsssil.isj 1 NAM In Further Explanation Editor Palladium: In the plan of municipalizing the city water plant as proposed by Mr. Leeds, there seems some am biguity, which we, as ordinary laymen, fail to fully compre hend. In the two statements of net earnings of the company one is given as approximately $51,484.08, the second as $61, 780.00, being a difference of $10,295.92, which amount Is ap plied to the repairs, extension and depreciation account. What we would like to ask is, if $10,295.92 has been as signed annually for extension, etc., for what purpose was the $125,000.00 used, that is termed as a stock dividend? Is it riot possible that the 50 stock dividend is purely imaginary and suggestive of its never being paid, but de clared, anticipating the possibilities of the city exercising its prerogative in the right of purchase, and thereby add the sum to the purchase price of $125,000.00? What we would further like to ask is, if the sinking fund of $12,005.07 has been set aside annually to cover the $250, 000 bonds which mature in 1913 should the full amount of said bonds be added to purchase price, since there are only four years to run. without making some deductions for de preciation, etc., etc.? The proposition in a condensed form is, that we buy the water plant on the twenty year purchase plan, is it not? The plan is a good one, but In our opinion you are en tirely too liberal in conceding the original cost of construc tion plus the 50 stock dividend plus the $100,000.00 cost of constructing the additional main all to be received at the expiration of twenty years. Would not the same plan be feasible for a shorter term of years? Tou will notice I use the "plural" when asking informa tion, for the reason the plan is being thoroughly discussed in the shop and the men are very much interested, since a large number are paying for their homes and foresee in the possible consummation of this plan a probable reduction In the tax duplicate. . : yourB truly, ALPH. It is a pleasure to answer such an Intelligent communication, show ing, as it does, that the writer is interested enough in his city's affairs to carefully study propositions advanced for its benefit, and to request information on points not absolutely clear to his mind. If all citizens would endeavor to keep as well posted, there would be less opportunity for franchise grabbing and a chance was much better city government. Enlightened and reasoning attention in this respect will work wonders in the city government of Richmond. In the first place Alph asks "for what purpose was the $125,000 used, that is termed as a stock dividend?" Definitely, of course, we can not state exactly what that amount went for. As is pretty generally known, during the first few years of the Water Works' existence it was not a money maker; it was a case of the investors in Water Works stock putting their money into the concern and receiving no return dividends on it. Therefore, it may be that this amount represents the money the stockholders lost in Interest the first few years of the com pany's existence. Again, the stock dividend may be wholly "water." . Its true status can only be learned by an impartial investigation of the value ,of the plant and of the company's books. And that would have to be done be fore ever the City could buy the concern. As to the rest of the points covered in the communication: The fact that Alph thinks we are too liberal in placing the value of the plant may be true. However, for the sake of being conservative, we placed the highest possible valuation on the plant in order to show that even at that figure, in twenty years' time, tHe Water Works with its present net earnings could easily pay for Itself and become the City's property Be that as it may, however, no one aside from the stockholders and officers of the Water Works, knows what the plant is worth. Hence the need for extreme conservatism in figuring out any plan whereby the city can purchase the property. Better to figure too high to over-estimate than to under-estimate. The point with regard to the fact that the sinking fund of $12,005.07 for the retiral of the $250,000 worth of bonds ceases in four more years, is well taken. Without a doubt, serious consideration of this fact should be made in appraising the value of the Water Works, and this one thing would undoubtedly tend to reduce the price the Water Works should come to the city for. In conclusion we urge our subscribers to send us communications on the Water Works problem and on the present plan, or other plans that may be suggested, for settling it, once and for all time, by municipalization. A Fight to Tes, it's a fight to the death! It is a fight of right against wrong. It is a fight for you and your children, and for their children. It is a fight against the robbery of the people of Richmond their robbery for years and years slowly, inhumanly and dispassionately grinding them down under the incubus of franchise jokers encircling them with the web of the strangling steel wires of monopoly and perpetually increasing greed! Oh it's the old, old, story. " It is not toying with idle phrases when we talk of a water works syndicate of the future, nor even of the near future. Already its head is rearing itself above its body, about to battle on the public A little company Is already in its hands in Washington, Indiana stock is owned in the Urbana water works. And way back in the strong boxes of the Dickinson Trust company there is a growing pile of bonds under the seal of the Richmond City Water Works They have been adding to them little by little lot by lot block by block. Who knows what they are for? Those bonds show one thing plainly and they indicate another. The first is the enormous 'good thing" that the Richmond City Water Works has In Richmond. The second points to the forming of a syndi cate. " la that what you want to give the Richmond City Water Works? Isn't it time that the people's money is going into the people's pockets? HAVE YOU ANY IDEA WHY IT IS THAT THE WATER WORKS RUSHED ITS CONTRACT TO THE BOARD OF WORKS JUST AFTER WE PUBLISHED A VERY CONSERVATIVE ESTIMATE AS TO THE NET EARNINGS OF THE COMPANY? Can you guess? Every hour that the public thinks about the idea of the Richmond City Water Works making the good thing that it does out of the people of Richmond Every time that the man gets to thinking about the perpetual fran chise of the Richmond City Water Works' Every time that the prospect of a syndicate which will be too power ful for this city and its newspapers to cope with comes to view Every moment that municipalization of the Water Works gains ground in the minds of the public Every time the net earnings of the company are demanded THAT MEANS TROUBLE FOR THE RICHMOND CITY WATER WORKS. THAT IS BECAUSE THE WATER WORKS IS MAKING TOO the Death MUCH MONEY, WE KNOW IT. i , AND YOU WILL'KNOW IT BEFORE WE GET THROUGH. The sweetly platonic phrases of the men who are seeking to rush this little Joker laden contract through before the public becomes too much aroused are like the poisonous breath of fever swamps inviting to the eye and ear but saturated with ill boding. THE CONTRACT NOW SUBMITTED IS LITTLE SHORT OF A PLAIN STEAL OF THE CITIZENS MONEY. FIGURE UP! SEE WHAT YOU ARE PAYING NOW AND COMPARE IT WITH THE MINIMUM RATES, SO CRAFTILY ARRANGED BY THE WATER WORKS COMPANY. SEE IF YOU WILL NOT PAY ALM08T DOUBLE. " YOU WILL, AS WE HAVE EXPLAINED IN ANOTHER PLACE. AND NOW THINK OF THAT GOING ON FOR TWENTY-FIVE YEARS! IT IS GOING TO HIT THE POOR MAN HARDEST OF ALL. You have a councilman in your ward. See him and when you see him tell him what you think. You have a right to advise the Board of Works as to your views on the question as to whether this contract should even be considered or not. . You have a right to tell them what you think of the municipaliza tion of the water works in preference to letting a syndicate be formed to feed off the public at double rates with a perpetual franchise and no relief in twenty-five years. The members of the Board of Works are: j B. B. JOHNSON. WATSON P. O'NEAL. ... JOHN HOLLOWELL. LET THESE MEN KNOW WHAT YOU THINK. THEY SHOULD BE GLAD TO HAVE THE VIEWS OF THE CI7I ZENS. STOP THEM ON THE STREET OR DROP THEM A LINE. IT OUGHT TO BE A FIGHT TO THE DEATH. YOU CAN HELP US. WILL YOU? POOS MAN AND MERCHANT WILL SUFFER UNDER COTRACT (Continued From Page One.) possibility of such a contingency in the future. Fire Protection. The company claims to give the city ample fire protection in response to public sentiment which was the only reason for the present agitation of the froblem at this time instead of defer ring it till the time when the contract expires in 1912. But with the cus tomary magnanimity of public service corporations it offers the husks and worthless material instead of the real thing. 16 Inch Main Farce. The 16-inch main as offered by the company as a relief from the present 'one main" situation, becomes an ab solute farce when it is known that tho present main is a 20-lnch main. It must be remembered that the contract as asked for by the company is for twenty-five years. The - preposterous ! suggestion of the water works then in claiming credit for installing' less than what is regarded as at this time as an insufficient main (20 inch) and claiming that it will be sufficient for the future is apparent. Pumping Joker. The water works in their communi cation of the new contract said that they would be perfectly willing to in crease their pumping facilities to 14. 000,000 gallons. This seems fair enough to the unitiated but the water works will only add a small 4,000,000 pump. The grave question arises as to whether this arrange ment will be acceptable to the fire in surance inspectors and what seems still more questionable whether this will be sufficient for the next twenty- five years (the term of contract asked for by the water works company). This is an evasion of the six million gallon pump question which was what the business men of the city had la mind. Reason For These Jokers. 'The obvious reason for the intro duction of these entirely inadequate J provisions for so-called fire protection and other conditions is that under their cover the water works is making its enormous doubling of rates. That 1 is a blind by which the company tries to throw dust in the eyes of the people in the hope that they will swallow the whole proposition. The casual ob server can see that the company is raising its rates and not giving fire protection of the sort hoped for. It is doubtful whether those who are inter ested in the abatement of the high rates will stand for anything of this sort now that the jokers' totally far cical propositions have been explained. TWINKLES A Lord of Rest. (New York Sun.) Mrs. Givem Why don't you go west and work on the harvest? Weary Wilile Mum, the office should seek the man. Uy to Date. (Chicago News.) Drummer So the coal oil got near the butter and flavored it, eh? I sup pose youH lose it? Storekeeper Jason Oh, no, stranger. I've just put a sign over it. Try the New Petroleum Butter," and it U going like hot cakes. A Perfect 8ystem. (Pittsburg Post.) "I can't save anything. What I J want is a patent bank; that will take I my pay envelope away from me every Saturday night and hand me lunch money every day. "What you want is a wife. (Atchison, Kan., Globe.) There is a "story" on every . man that ever lived. The man who looks at the clock ev ery five, minutes to see what time k is, is lazy. , No man can look for peace so long as any old love letters written by him remain undestroyed. Perfection is not expected in any thing else, but somehow farmers al ways expect perfect corn. You have probably been a fool all your life. Why not be sensible the re mainder of your days? Can you do it? Don't wait for the last straw. If you kick and scream when the first straw is laid on you, there won't be a last straw. How ideals are changing! A few years ago the ideal wife worried if her husband didn't eat, fearing he was sick and worried if he ate heartily, fear ing he was eating too much. Now she is so busy counting her own chews mat sne doesn t even see him. and If he speaks she doesn't answer until 6he has counted G5 on bread and 138 on meat. Once upon a time a Girl who had a Good Job and a Big Salary, and no one but herself to spend it on, Got Mar rled to a Tight Wad. She Never Com plained to her Friends, being Proud and Reserved. But it was Noticed that whenever She sees a Cow or Calf tied in a Field with a Short Rope with The Grass eaten off as far as their Mouths can Reach, she Sheds Silent Tears of Sympathy, and then Length ens their Ropes. Extenuating. (Puck.) Judge This lady declares that you hugged her at the baseball game. The Accused Cbudn't help it Judge, She was sitting next me when one of our boys swatted a homer over left field fence! PROGRAM FOR RALLY Program for the Sunday school ral ly at the Chautauqua grounds, Thurs day is as follows: Presiding officer, E. M. Haas. Opening song, "The Kings Busi ness." Song, "I Love to Tell the Story." Invocation, Rev. Conrad Huber. quartet, Mr. Leslie Knight, Prof. Boggs, Harry Sloan and Carl Knight Address, Rev. Geo. W. Hawes, of Pittsburg, Pa. Miss Ruth Hadley will be the pian ist THE STAGE IN JAPAN. Origin ef the Drama Women's Ardu ous Preparations of Dress. ' There is a legend in Jspao that the theater had its origlu in that country la the ninth century by reason of an earthquake which took place in the province of Yuma to. a (urge crevice was formed ,by reuson of the upheaval, from which emanated polsouous vapors which spread death and destruction all around. An awful scourge was the result until the priests conceived the idea of performing a sytr'jolic dance of incantation on the grass covered bill outside the temple. As If by mar lc the death vapors vanished, and peace and happiness were restored to the country. The legend concludes that this is bow Japanese acting orig inated. The Japanese word for thea ter, shibai-ya. is supposed to have come from Its origin, shibal, meaning sod. and ya. a house. In Japan when a Japanese lady in tends to go to the theater she is called upon the day previous by a hairdress er to build up the artificial structure which Is the pride of every Japanese highborn lady. This necessitates her spending the sight in ber state dress, reclining her head on a wooden block. called makura. A few hours before going to the theater she covers her lips with a thin layer of gold, as It takes several hours for this paint to change into the cherry color which lends charm to the artificial white com plexion of the face. As a rule. Japanese performances Is st from ti a. m. to 9 p. tn although certain historical dramas which follow the life of the hero through all his vicissitudes to his death go on for sev eral days. In Japan, officially, the social posi tion of the actors Is that of the lowest class of society, bat In reality they en joy great consideration and are Idol ized by the general public Washing ton Pest. At a rose competition in Paris re cently, sixty-nine entirely new vari eties of roses were exhibited UlllOIIISmil EIIGLAIID Labor Organizations Advancing In Great Britain. THE TENDENCY IS UPWARD. Unemployed Payments and Other Largs Financial Outlays Give Seri ous Thought to Labor Leaders The Superannuation Problem. The trades unions of Great Britain cow form a huge compact aggrega tion able to fight the question of wages and hours of labor with In dividual or associated employers on the one side and able to express them selves as a political entity of un doubted power on the other. A few facts may not be out of place, first of all to show the present extent of trades unionist organization. The latest figures show that the number of separate unions In this country Is close on 1.200. This figure need not be regarded unduly high, but it of course means there are far too manv Independent and unconnected unions cstering for the same trade. The ag gregate membership of these separate unions is a far more vltsl fsctor. It amounts to 2.400,746. This Is an in crease in three years of over 500,000. The relative advance of retrogression in the unionization of certain trades Is interesting, and we find that In the latest tbree years covered by statis tics the coal rolulng union membership increased just over 40 per cent and the textile unions did even better by Increasing In three years by shout 44 per cent. About one-twelfth of our trades unionists sre women and girls. 85 per cent of these being found In the tex tile trades, the cotton Industry alone accounting for 73 per cent. Female trades unions show an increase for the last three years of 37 per cent. Along with .this general Increase In membership there has slso been an In crease in financial strength very cstu rnl In view of the fact that serious strike troubles have, on the whole. been fairly absent Taking a survey of a decade, we find that the membership of these unions increased In the ten years from 1.Q90,- 000 to 1.457,000. Their Income Increas ed In the same period from $9,500,000 to nearly $12,500,000, their expenditure from $7,400,000 to $10,250,000 and their reserve funds from an aggregate of $13,250,000 to considerably over $28, 000,000, these funds representing ten years ago $12 per member and now nearly $20. It is, of course, in the growing cost of unemployed payments aud the equally growing burden of accident and pension benefit that the big finan cial problems of the unions are to be faced. A survey of the past ten years covers all kinds of periods, whether of good or bad trade or industrial war or peace. The average expenditure on dispute benefit has been 10 per cent of the total expenditure- per annum, the figure having been s high as 22 per cent in 1S98 and as low as 6 per cent in 1004, the figure for the last re corded year (190S being well below the average. With regard to the payments on un employed account, the average of the ten years has been Just upon 23 per cent. The actual payments of the earlier years of the decade never ex ceeded 20 per cent and were frequent ly a long way below that percentage. As a matter of fact. Ignoring years of absolute record, bad trade, the present ratio of expenditure on out of work pay tends to become normally wbat it once was abnormally. The decline In strikes and disputes Is of course a result of the Increasing use of methods of conciliation and ar bitration in settling dispute questions, but It Is still uncertain as to bow far these conciliation methods would stand the strain of any deep seated trouble. Superannuation Is a problem by It self which does not appear to have been touched by the granting of gov ernment pensions to aged people, and the Increasing sickness snd the In crease of accidents among the Indus trial workers are facts which become more prominent every year. There Is no space here to go Into these mstters deeply, but tbey will no doubt be touched upon in subsequent articles as they become particularly pressing lu current affairs. Federations of trades unions exist atl over the country, and very frequently the evil of the multiplicity of unions in one trade Is partly overcome by the overlapping unions having a common working agreement in the form of a more or less loose federation. The leading federation of all is of coarse the General Federation of Trades Unions, whose membership Is over 600,000, built up of forty-one engineer ing, shipbuilding and metal trade unions, twenty-eight textile and cloth ing trades unions, eight dock and gen eral labor unions, ten building trades and quarrying unions and twenty-nine unions covering the printing, wood working, glass, pottery and miscel laneous trades. Miners are of course represented In their own big federa tion, the Miners Federation of Great Britain. The General Federation of Trades Unions is the most promising of all the federations, as It Is based on the cor rect federation idea that idea which looks forward to all trades standing shoulder to shoulder throughout the country under one leader and with one policy, that policy being the defense of the existing rights of all and the securing always and ever of additional rights. Thomas Reece In American Federationlst. 110 GAMES PLAYED Owing to the rain yesterday after noon the games in the city league were postponed. However the Athlet ics managed to find enough dry per iods during the afternoon to play the Hollandsburg team and get beaten by the score of 5 to 4. The games sched uled for yesterday will be played off later. Clark's Cniscs tf tte "Clm:x" fra New Ytrk. Octet IS, 1509 One Steamer for the Entire Cruise of nearlr four months; costing only $650 snd up. including all necessary expenses. ROUTE: Madeira, Egypt. India. Ceylon, Burma, Java, Philippines, China, Jaoan. An unusual chance to visit unusually attractive places. Twelfth Annul Orient Craise February 5, 1910. by S. S. "Grosser Kurfueret," 73 days, including 34 days Egypt and Palestine. $400 up. Write for list "C. FRANK C CLARK Time Bldg New York. . Items Gathered in From Far and Near A Tariff Tax en the Farmer. Chicago Journal. Every day throws additional light on the increases un der the Tayne tariff. This morning the local government organ deals with a subject especially interesting to the farmer. Legislators from grain states made a strong stand for lower duties on bags. The crafty Aldrlch. after os tensible opposition, made a conces sion. Evidently this was another of his little Jokes on President Taft and the American public, because the tar iff on fibers, which covers hemp. Jute, flax and everything from thread and gunny sacks to ship hawsers, will lf crease the tax automatically on bags. Under the Dingley law undressed hemp paid $20 a ton and dressed hemp $40. Under the Fame law tbete . already high prices are Increased to $22.50 and $45 a ton. A very largt part of the burden of increase must be carried by the farmers, who used last year 191,796,000 pounds of binder twine, snd fully one half of the rope output of 201,000,000 pounds, besides millions of bags. The factories engaged in fiber in dustries have a combined capital of $54,500,000. Their annual wage out lay is $10,000,000. Their annual ma terial bill is $45,000,000. Their pro ducts are valued at $63,000,000. Yet. although earning $8,000,000 a year on their capital of $54,500,000. Aldrlch decided to aid, at the expense of the farmer, this infant Industry, which already earns almost 15 percent on Its Inflated capital. An interesting Instance of bow the new tariff taxes the .working West for the benefit of the tariff barons of the idle East His Smile is Worth Salary. St. Louis Post-Dispatch. For a na tion of 80.000.000 millionaires wouldn't William Howard Taft be an Ideal president? It Doesn't Reach Far Enough Now. New York Herald. Treasury de partment suggests that our paper money should be made a little short er. 'OrrorsI H'len't H'lt H'awfuU Los Angeles Times. King Edward appeared In public a few days ago wearing a frock coat and a slouch haL I Man's Rights Are Being Recognized. Baltimore Sun. Judge McGsnnon. of Cleveland, rules that dish-washing is not part of the husband's work. May See the Spanish Fly. Philadelphia North American. So King Alfonso is to send a yacht chal lenger over for the American cup. His Party Saved Its Bacon. Kansas City Journal. William Shakespeare has been elected - mayor of a town in England. Does This Include Tom Johnson f Chicago Tribune. Cleveland claim 520,000 population. CURIOS OF VALUE One of the best collections of curios and insects ever purchased by Earl- ham college was that from Isaac B. Wood of Siimmittville. which was re ceived by the college authorities and placed in the museum. The collection consists of thousands of Insects, all of which are well preserved and many of which are very rare. '. The collection includes an old plow made nearly a century and a half ago. The ma chine Is made entirely out of wood. A model of band carpet manufscturin x machine Is also included In the exhibit. WILL SELL LIKE HOT CAKES LARGE BUILDING LOTS, $19 UP. $5.00 Secures Yours, 50e Weekly. No Taxes or Interest 2 Years. Free Lot in Case of Death. Cash Discount. 15. RICHMOND TERRACE NATIONAL ROAD Sale Saturday and Sunday Afternoons. Take Indianapolis Car. Get Off . Craves Stop. Earlhsm Car, Get Off at Easthaven Junction. WILBUR LAND CO, Boston. Mass. Try Our HARD COAL D.C 6 Sea. ICS.