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xnE mcniioND palladium and suk-telegraii, Sunday, AUGUST 15, 1CCD.
page iziumv QSO' LEADER GOE on) FARMS fUJ Total Number 284,886, Aver age Size of Them. Be- . ing 120 Acres. 4 ill WORTH $34.75 AN ACRE MISSOURI STANDS THfRO'lN THE MIDDLE WEST IN HAVING THE LARGE8T NUMBER OF RENT ERS ON FARMS. Noted Character of Massacre Finally Dies as a Prisoner Columbia, Mo., Au,g. 14. Missouri has more farms than any other state In the union. Within her borders are 284,886 farms, which average 120 acres to the farm. The improved land to each farm averages 75 acres, or 624 per cent. These figures are based on the last census report. According to the report of the department of com merce and labor the farms of Missou ri are worth $34.75 per acre. Among the states of the middle west Missouri has smaller farms than many of them. Ohio Is an exception, where 876,000 farms average only 88 acres each. Illinois has 264,000 farms of 121 acres each. Iowa has 2284900 farms of 131 acres; Kansas 173j00O of 288 acres. In the United States farms average 146 acres, but only 50 per cent Is im proved land. F. B. Mumford, professor of animal husbandry in the university of Mis souri, has prepared some interesting facts about the amount of' live stock there is on an average Missouri farm. This is considered a great mule state, and yet there are four times, as many horses as there are mules In Missouri. The equipment as Prof. Mumford gives ft, is 15 cattle, 4 horses, 1 ' mule, 26 hogs, 5 sheep and a fraction of a goat. "Fully one-third of the state's popu lation depend directly or indirectly upon animal products for their. exist ence," said Professor Mumford, in dis cussing MlsBouri as a live stock state. "The Income from animals and animal products is $130,00,000 annually. Fifty-five per cent of the farmers have as their principal income, the proceeds from sale yof live stock." , Missouri stands third in the middle west as the state having the largest number of vrenters on the farmsjQll linois farmssare tilled by sixty-one per cent owners) and thirty-nine per cent etnants. The per cent of tenancy in Iowa Is 34.9, while Missouri has only three tenants in ten farmers; which means that seven . farmers out of ten In Missouri 'do not pay rent, but have the title of their farms resting in .themselves. The per cent of tenantcy In Ohio Is '27.5. but In Michigan It drops to 15.9. - Missouri does not get so much re turn from her lands per acre as do many of the other states in this sec tion. According to the last census re port the money made on each acre of Improved land In Missouri was $9.58. This Is not much less than In any of the best states surrounding Missouri. The return n acre In Ohio was $13.36; In Michigan ,$12.42; Illinois $12.48; in Iowa, $12.22. -Morton, Minn., Aug. 14. Gusa God-; frey, the man whose name makes old pioneers shudder, died at the San tee reservation last week, aged about sev enty years. ' " ' Godfrey was" a full blooded negro and at the time of the Sioux massacre lived ' near the Sioux agency . with a Sioux woman. He. .Joined the Indians at once and by his cunnlngness and bravery became . the most atrocious murderer among them. He could speak English and French fluently and the German language he had well mastered, which at that time were all that were spoken In this region.;- No plans of escape passed his ear. He knew personally every settler along the valley, every child in every fam ily, all the officers and nearly all the privates in Fort Ridgely. By these means his Influence was strongly felt among the Indians whether present or not.' ' Godfrey was present at the killing of the Zimmerman family, looked with glee on the readless body of Dr. Humphrey and personally directed the ambuscade of the party west of Beav er creek. This man seemed intoxicated with murder and lost all sense of decency, He drove a wagon containing three prisoners, Mary Anderson, Mary Swandt and Mary Schwartz, in tne meantime oermitting the Indians to torture them into insensibility, and lastlv leavine Mary Anderson to die the roadside from a bullet discharged from his own rifle while he pretended to go for assistance. These are only a partial list of the atrocities; the rest would nu volumes to horrible to relate. He was the prime mover in the mas sacre of Captain Marsh and, his men at the ferry and remarked to the In dians about Interpreter Quinn. "That Big Tom could hold more bullets than any other one man." Godfrey knew' the location or every building in Fort Ridgely and New Ulm. just where to shoot through them or the most expedient way to destroy them. He was with Medicine Bottle on tne east side of the tort wnere several heloless citizens were massacred try- ine to italn admission to the enclosure. At New Ulm he discarded all rules of modern warfare and boasted after ward that he killed more German babies than it was possible for him to count He was recognized there, as well as all otherplaces (where it was the good fortune for any to escape) by his distinctive color and Indian dress so unbecoming to him, and finally when the great drama was over- he turned state'B evidence and by his wonderful memory in describing the horrible details sent thirty-nine of his comrades to die on the gallows at Man- kato. For .this act he was given a lease on life, a lease, no doubt, which would have certainly been broken if he ever visited Minnesota or left the reserva tion at Santee, Neb. He was despised by the whites and Indians alike, and for forty-seven years lived a horrible AYiRtenRe a Drisoner from his - own conscience. PRESIBEIIT'S FLAG OF RfCEIIT DESIGN Not Until 1882 Did Chief Ex ecutive Have a Person al Banner. BAD ELEPHANT IS CHASEDJY KEEPER Gurida, New York Park Terror, Discovers Two Can Play The Same Game. MAN CARRIES A BAYONET WHEN THE GREAT PACHYDERM BECOMR REBELLIOUS HE JABS IN WEAPON UNTIL THE BEAST CALLS FOR QUITS. THREE FOR HIS OWN USE ONE OF THE ENSIGNS IS THE SO- CALLED "PEACE" FLAG WHICH WAS ADOPTED ONLY SEVEN YEARS AGO. THE CRIME OF IDLENESS. Idleness means trouble for any one. It's the same with a lazy liver. It causes constipation, headache, jaun dice, sallow complexion, pimples and blotches, loss of appetite, nausea, but Dr. King's New Life Pills soon banish liver troubles and build up your health. 25c at A. G. Luken & Company's. 05.00 or 810.00 May Save You a WorlfXof Troubles on householdgoods, pianos, fix tures, horses and vehicles, etc., etc., made quietly and quickly. No red tape or unnecessary de lay. Monthly or weekly pay ments arranged to suit the borrower. ' ; Strictly Private $1.20 is the weekly payment on a $50 loan for fifty weeks. Oth er amounts in the same propor tion.; Loans made in all parts of the " city: also surrounding towns and country. Ke guaran tee lowest rates and absolute secrecy. You need not leave your home to get a loan. If you need money and cannot call at our office fill out and mail to us the following blank and we will send a representa tive to you. Name Address Amount Wanted .............. Kind of Security Richmond Loon Company Room 8, Colonial Bldg deluncnd, Indiana. New York, Aug. 14. When Gunda went to the New York Zological park two years ago he Boon let it be known that he was an elephant from the head of Bad Men's creek, where the worst live. He was looking for trouble all the time. Three keepers in the ele phant' house quit their jobs, having been terrorized by him. He ran Dick Richards, medical attendant at the house, Into a corner and would have Wiled him except for timely rescue. But he met his master and met his fin ish as the bully of the zoo. , ., About 3 p. m. Walter Thursman was In Gunda'B coral cleaning it up as has been his daily custom for about eight months, when the last of the old keepers had been scared away. Gunda had realized that he must put up with Thurman or go hungry and tolerated him as a necessary evil. Finally he decided that Thurman had lived long enough. Waiting until no one was in sight or with in summoning-distance he trumpeted Thurman's death call and bore down on him. Kept Gunda Sprinting. It takes a good many laps to make Marathon in the 100 feet square of corral, but Thurman started to do it, Gunda sprinting after him. When the pace got slithering hot Thurman side stepped into a corner and had about two seconds to breathe while liunaa was checking his- momentum. Then they were away again at top speed. Thurman in his swift rounds had noticed that at one spot the ground was slightly hollowed under the iron fence. He decided to try to go under it, and as he neared it in the twenty seventh lap he put on extra steam and slid for home. Part of him got through and the rest stuck. He clawed at the nthor Rid a and dragged himself to safety just as Gunda's mighty feet be ran tramping the earth to powde. around the hole. Then he rammed tfco fence and broke off six inches of bia tusks. Thurman Chases Gunda. By this time Thurman- was as mad as Gunda. He went into the house and eot the worst prodding pole in the col lection there. It was tough hickory with a bayonet fastened into the end n tic-ht as if it arew there. Thus armed he let himself again into the corral. Gunda rushed at him and got a jab in the neck that made him howl. Before that yell ceased the bayonet got after his legs. He turned aside to avoid the front atacto only to be punc tured in the near shoulder and side. Turning the other way he got it there. Then he wheeled around and the Mara thon was resumed with Thurman as the pursuer. After several laps bad been covered Gunda backed into a corner willing to called it quits. Thurman was out how ever to make the job complete. He prodded until there wasn't much of Gunda's surface that had not been hypodermically treated. Gunda stood in mute protest. Thurman finally dropped the prod, and walking up to the elephant un armed, he punched with his fist and swore until he had no temper left. Then he seized one of the flapping ears and started toward the house, Gunda going along like a lamb. SEARED WITH A HOT IRON, or scalded by overturned kettle cut with a knife bruised by slamed door injured by gun or in any other way the thing needed at once is Buck- len's Arnica Salve to subdue inflam mation and kill the painMt's earth's supreme healer, infallible for Boils, Ulcers, Fever Sores, Eczema and Piles. 25c at A. G. Luken & Company's. There is no malaria in the Barbados, because of the absence of mosquitoes which are eaten while still alive by the beneficent profusion of little fish called "million." The aluminum coins issued to during 1906 and 1907 have been found unsuitable for such tropical climates and are being replaced by nickel bronze coins. St. Louis Burglar Cautious: Swims Away From Female Mob St. Louis, Aug. 14- A bold burglar; went into Mrs. Henry Doerste's home at 4728 Hanover avenue, stole jewelry, silverware and money and then es caped Mrs. Doerste and a posse of neighbors by swimming the River des Peres. Mrs. Doerste left her home about 4 p. m. to go to a grocery in the neigh borhood. She locked the doors as she went out While she was gone "the most impudent burglar," unfastening a shutter, entered through a window. The burglar ransacked the house, stealing a gold watch and chain, a ring, a set of spoons, an inlaid berry spoon and $6. As Mrs. Doerste un locked the house she saw him com ing. "Have you been In my house?" she demanded. "No," he said. "I'm taking orders for a photographer. I just came into the yard through the back way. Women Pursue Thief. Mrs. Doerste told him to wait a minute. She dashed in and saw at a Cson All tho Year Round Twe Kt.Ctasns Mineral Water Oaths Nature'? Cart for ailEUr.lATISTl end All Nervous and Blood Diseases W nooolaritr of OhMMM HKALTB AHS PLXASUKB KBSOBT i ohisomin In i rfir M-C1wb offer twrj nqowto for res, healtk K. smtP f HC Clswi Mineral Wr Baths at iMnM W praHaert AmMmMmtovM wiSa etSMe mn tw seM hemr Iihntraftcd bosk of lift. glance what had happened. A dia mond ring and a watch dropped by the thief .in his haste lay on the window sill. "You've robbed my house," she cried as she ran out again. The thief took to his heels, running west on Hanover avenue. Mrs. Doerste gave chase and called to her neighbors. About twenty-fire men and women joined in the pursuit, Mrs, Doerste leading. Near Gravois . avenue the fugitive left the street and sprinted through yacant lots toward the Rives Des Peres. Mrs. Doerste caught him by the coat tail once, but he broke away. At the river bank he swung upon the limb of a tree and drew a razor out of his pocket. Mrs Doerste says the razor was her husband's. Awed by this display of hostility, the crowd stood back and none made an effort to interfere when , the thief leaped from the limb into the water and swam across. "X can't swim or I would have gone into the water after him." Mrs. Doerste said. The crowd ran to a bridge. 100 feeti away, but, although they could see the thief's tracks for 100 yards, he had disappeared. A mounted police man and two policemen in an automo bile tried to find him. but failed. The thief was described as 25 years old, 5 feet 5 inches tall, weighing 120 pounds, wrinkled face, dark hair and eyes and dressed in a' blue suit and straw hat. Several women in the neighborhood said be called at their homes, repre senting himself to be a solicitor for a downtown photograph studio. Washington, Aug. 14. As the Unit ed States grew and the government expanded, many new departments were added and with them many spec ial flags have come into existence. Least often seen, and yet most inter esting of these twenty-five or thirty special flags, is that of the president of the United ' States. He has a wealth of them, in fact no less than three, btu they are. seldom seen in public. There are two of each of these flags, one of bunting and one of silk. They are exactly alike with this excep tion, but the one of silk is called the "President's colors." The president of the United States had no personal flag until 1882. If he went aboard a ship his presence was denoted by the national flag hoisted at the main truck, and his presence in a garrison or post was denoted by the raising, of the big garrison flag. These were not entirely distinctive as denoting the presence of the presi dent, for these flags were hoisted on gala occasions when the president was not around. The lack of a distinguishing flag for the president was felt by the navy also, and the secretary of the navy by general orders, August 19, 1882, es tablished a flag for the president of the president of the United States. The general orders described the flag as of blue bunting with the coat of arms of the United States in the cen ter. The flag was to be hoisted at the main of the vessel when the president was on board and he carried at the bow of the launch on which he came aboard. In the army there was no distin guishing flag for the president of the United States until just before the out break of the Spanish-American war. Colonel Theodore Bingham, who was then superintendent of public build ings and grounds, called the attention of President McKinley to the lack of a distinguishing flag for him, and stated that he thought the comman der in chief of the United States army and navy ought to have a distinguish ing flag. President McKinley did not like the suggestion, but the secretary of war did, and a flag was made. It was designed by Frederick D. Owen, and is beautiful to look at. The offi cial description of the flag is as fol lows: One of the Flags. 'The president's flag is of scarlet bunting, thirteen feet fly and eight feet hoist. In each corner is a five pointed star of five inch radius to the tips. In the center of the scarlet field is a large fifth star, also of five points, two feet nine inches in radius to the tips. Inside of this star is a parallel star, separated from it by a band of white three inches wide. The inner star forms the blue field upon which is the coat of arms of the Unit ed States. "On the scarlet field around the large star are forty-six small white stars, one for each "state, equally scat tered in the re-entering angles and all Included within the circumference of an imaginary circle three feet and quarter in radius. In the upper point over the angle is a constellation of thirteen stars, representing the orig inal thirteen states of the American confederation.' Mr. Owen explains that in the olive leaves, Its berries and the arrows, are symbolized the original thirteen. It is also not a little singular that the offi cial seal should bear in its motto ex actly thirteen letters and that the gen eral order which created the flag was also numbered thirteen. The magnificent silken colors of the president's fla?r are of scarlet, and the design is embroidered upon this so ex quisitely that it is impossible to tell right from wrong side when looking at the flag. The colors for President Taft have Just been completed. The embroidering of the coat of arms took two young women six weeks of steady, eight hours a day work. The colors or tne nag are what is. called prop er," that is, natural, the eagle being brown and the olive branches green with red berries. This flag is to be displayed only in lime of war. The colors prescribed by the navy department are of blue bunting, with the great seal of the United States displayed in proper colors. Peace Flag. Yet another flag has the president In 1902 the peace flag was adopted This third flag differs In a good many respects from the other two. In the first place, the great seal of the Unit ed States is correctly depicted. Your physician will tell you that it's one essential of good health to have your feet comfortably shod. He will recommend that you get a shoe with a natural foot form last, with a hygienic toe, with ample support for the ankle and arch, and a pli able sole which will allow free play of the foot muscles. ly circular in form with the rays radi ating from the group of bars. Tne colors are of silk with exactly the same design. The secretary of war has a blue flag with a foul anchor and four five point ed stars in white. The assistant sec retary of the navy has a white flag with the stars and the anchor in blue. The secretary of war has a red flag with the great seal of the unitea States displayed in proper colors. The assistant secretary of war has a white flag with the seal displayed. All four have silken 'colors." When any of these officers are offi cially present on a ship, at a military camp or post, or on a visit of cere mony, they have the right to have their flag displayed. But over and above all, at all times, floats the nat ional flag. To float any kind of a pennant or streamer, except one, above the Stars and Stripes, is consid ered an insult to the flag and the nation it represents. The one excep tion is the church pennant. When divine services are being held aboard ship or in camp or post the church pennant, a long spiked white flag. bearing a blue cross, flies above the flag. oo Fammomis Tranrnip Lsisft Shoe For Men is just such a shoe. Its natural shape and easy tread assures the highest degree of comfort, i - . - Its high grade seasoned leathers and the care with which skilled workmen produce it insures excellent service. Its increasing sales prove it to be one of our most repre sentative shoes. It comes In Vlci Kid or Calf, Tan or Black, High or Low Cuts, $2.50 and $4. You can be fitted no matter what size or .width you take in the Tramp Last Shoe. 724 and 807 Main St CO SEES FIRST Mill Forest Bred Miner Vows Are Beautiful and Mighty Nice. All IS SEARCHING FOR MORE cool m 15 Day Tickets $7 Romd a NORTH MICHIGAN EXCU R S I O N Traverse City- Ilcrttpcrt-Pctciiey xrtcr Sprigs csd Rs&!sn CKy TPa Trie AV 58 W To Kfeekte Me3 (So ESo & I THURSDAY US) From all stations Richmond to Ft Wayne Ask G. R. & I. Ticket Agents for further information, or address C L. LOCKWOOD, G. P. A. HAVE YOUR Mdl HM Mayfle New EARL WEIDNER At Richmond Dry Clecnfca Co. 1024 MAIN PRONE 1072 Seattle,' Wash., Aug. 14. George Randolph, who has a little mining claim in the interior of northern Brit ish Columbia, came to Seattle today. George is IS years of age, and until he walked abord the steamer to leave the north, he , had never seen a wo man. He declares women are the most beautiful things he has ever seen. His father and he lived alone, far from civilization. When he was a mere babe his mother sickened and died In the great woods, and was bur led by her husband and his partner. The father cared for the baby boy and reared him into a robust youth. Toil ing year after year in the canons pros pecting for gold, neither father nor son touched the borders of civilization. Their supplies yere purchased by furs from the traders. The past spring they made a rich strike and resolved to leave their isolated home. I Vfll Sfcoxv Yen Can To Cere Ycoro FREE! YOUR VACATION Will not bs complete wltbocl a ROD AIL Step la an mm Use llac All prices frsoi t2Jf tm tlt&A. W. H. ROSS DRUG COMPANY, SM MAIN STREET. To Makers of Country BnCeir We want more milk We want more cream and YOU want more money YOU want to make It easier. Write, phone or come and) see us and we will tell you how easily it can be done. (frrni&ttss airy Cm. SOUTH FIFTH STREET. HON 11SX f wm TnptiraJIv helslcaa and lMrf.riAla frm On the other flags the design of the awny yra from double rapture. I won in- i seal Is seven red stripes and six white TMUOiSZ ! ones, which is correct as the flar de- vrMieioo mkJ noBcwooid hold th rep-' o , . . . 1 77 "T, T tai ia ita proper piaec The doctors told Ml Sign Was adopted by the third con? eould doc expecttohmre It enUrely beaJed nnleai gress. but when the great seal was j.!."""" "ys1 PP?- 1 . , . - srvHB au, mmjw rvcii etaru wivai aijecu owu uwyicu iuc utrsigner, noi Knowiu$ mm penntoenay oy a sun pie mexna Tm CL Mm PCtfl'i mJ much about the flag, arranged it with lELfE iSi til seven white and six red stripes. And for it. Fill oat tbe coupon below sad wfl it to that is the seal today. There, was a Iwlu"-l mam ataa. iung discussion ; wnetner the seal should not be changed to agree with the stripes on the flag as the forefath ers intended, but it was decided that as it had been adopted ft should re main. This new peace flag thus has the seal correctly depicted. The eagle is snow white, its feathers being outlin ed in deep black. There Is a different arrangement of the stars and of the Sunburst also. The SUnbunt IS exact- .HBBSBBBBBSBSBBBSSBBSSSSSSSSSBSSSSSSBSSBjj Dear ZwanyeawoeM and m roar 9WW DfcPQTBtT lot sast Cllt 04 fcBBtBHsi HUPEFOIHIIL IBOTTTTILjIEO beer Delivered to Ycr Ccs 1 Dozen Pints ZZc . 1 Dozen QccrCs LC3 Louis B. WireGs 84 Sm SlsCi SI. TOT li "LA