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THE RICHMOND PALLADIUM AND SUN-TEXEGR AM, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 551,. 1909.
f AGB TUBES. GODDUB PEflRVS RECORD OF VICTORY Details of Long and Arduous Journey That Resulted in the Discov ery of the North Pole A CONSTANT BATTLE WITH ICE AND SEA flighsst Scientific Exploit of the Age Belongs to America Superb Courage and Persistency Meet Rich Reward Claim Made by Cook That. He Abo Reached the Pole b Denied by Commander Peary. WORTANT . TO PUBLISHERS. Tie following account by Command- ter Peary of his successful voyage to be north pole was Issued on Septem- be: r 9. 1909. by the New York Times (Company at the request of Command- ter Psary and for bis protection, as a (book duly copyrighted and exposed If or sale before any part of It was re produced by any newspaper - In the tUnlted States or Europe, In order to obtain the full protection of the copy right laws. The reproduction of this (account. In any form, without permis sion, la forbidden. The penalties for Violation of this form of copyright In clude Imprisonment for any person hiding or abetting such violation. This article Is copyrighted In Great Britain fby the London Times. Copyright a 909 by the New York Times Com feany. Report on the Discovery of ths North Pole, by Robert E. Peary, Com mander U. ft. N. Part II: Copy righted 1909 by the New York Times Company. Battle Harbor, Labrador (via Mar Irani wireless. Cape Ray, N. P.), Sj s ' -The steamer Roosevelt bearing the north polar expedition of the QPeary Arctic club, parted company Iwlth the Erik and steamed out of lEtah ford late in the afternoon of lAugust 18. 1908. setting the usual course for Cape Sabine. The weather was dirty, with fresh southerly winds. IWe had on board 22 Eskimo men, 17 women, and ten children, 226 dogs, land some forty odd walrus. We encountered the Ice a short dis tance from the mouth of the harbor, but It was not closely packed, and was negotiated by ; the Rooserelt Without serious difficulty. FIND MUCH WATER. ; As we neared Capt Sabine the weather cleared somewhat and we passed close by Three Voort Island land Cape Sabine, easily making out jwlth the naked eye the house . at (Hayes harbor occupied by me in the winter of 1901-02. From Cape Sabine north there waa wo much water that we thought of setting the lug sail before the south erly wind, but a little later appear ance of ice to the northward stopped hj. S4ip. StsafffteHsag The unspeakable torture of Rheumatism can be promptly . relieved and eventually stopped by the use of Crocker's Rheumatio Cure. Even in the most advanced and obstinate cases this wonderful remedy rarely fails, because it supplies the blood with the power to eradicate the cause of the disease. Why suffer, when prompt relief can be had from Crocker's Rheumatic Cure miLIJPS DRUG CO.. WARREN, PA For sale at SOc a bottle by Hem Thletletliwalte William H. Sadbotf of tho Rooonbloom, Duntin Cl There was clean open water to Cape Albert, and from there scattered ice to a point about abreast of Vic toria Head, thick weather and dense ice bringing us some ten or fifteen miles away. From here we drifted south some what and then got aslant to the north ward out of the current. We worked a little further north and stopped again for some hours. Then we again worked westward and notoward till we reached a series of lakes, coming to a stop a few miles south of the Windward's winter quarters at Cape Durvllle. From here, after some delay, we slowly worked a way northeastward through fog and broken ice of medium thickness through one night and the forenoon of the next day, only emerg ing into open water and clear weath er off Cape Fraser. STRIKE ICE AND FOQ. From this point we had a clear run through the middle of Robeson chan nel uninterrupted by either Ice or fog, to Lady Franklin bay. Here we en countered both Ice and fog, and while working along in search of a prac ticable openirfg were forced across to the Greenland coast at Thank God Harbor. The fog Hfted there and - enable us to make out our whereabouts and we steamed north through a series of leads past Cape Lupton, and thence southward toward Cape Union. A few miles off that cape we were stopped by Impracticable ice, and we drifted back south to Cape Union, where we stopped again. SHIP FORCED AGROUND. We lay for some time In a lake of water, and then, to prevent being drifted south again, took refuge un der the north shore of Lincoln bay, In nearly the Identical place -where we had our unpleasant experiences three years before. Here we remained for several days during a period of con stant and at times violent north easterly winds. Twice we were forced aground by the heavy ice; we had our port quar ter rail broken and a hole store in the bulwarks, and twice we pushed out In an attempt to get north, but we were forced back each time to our precarious shelter. lhyirsdlav PoirouDiniSn erotieinnilbeF S, Cayirs & . sv y . sr - ss . . m Everything LTlust Do Sold Rofjardlooo off Oriclnal Coot. Horo io 1 Rod Top Desk 1 Umbrella Case Glove Boxes 57 Suit Pants Boxes 57 Trousers Boxes 6 Plate Glass Mirrors 11 Vest Boxes 2 Overcoat Racks Come Thursday morning between the hours of 8 to 12. W e have the best fixture proposition ever given to Richmond business men. Come early Thursday. R- G- LEEDS ROBERT EDWIN HEAVY RUNNING ICE. Finally on September 2 we squeezed around Cape Union ana made fast In a shallow niche In the Ice, but after some hours we made another short run to Black cape and hung on to a grounded bit of ice. At last, a little after midnight of September 6, we passed through extremely heavy run ning ice into a stream of open water, rounded Cape Rawson and passed Cape Sheridan. Within a quarter of an hour of the same time we arrived three years be fore seven a. . m.. September 5 we reached the open water extending be yond Cape Sheridan. We steamed up to the end of it and it appeared practicable at first to reach Porter bay, near Cape Joseph Henly, which I had for my winter quarters, but the outlook being un satisfactory, I went back and put the Roosevelt into the only opening In the floe, being barred close to the mouth of the Sheridan , river a little north of our position three years prior. PUT UP FOR WINTER. The season was further advanced than In 1905; there was more snow on the ground and the new Ice Inside the floe bergs was much thicker. The work of discharging the ship was commenced at once and rushed to completion. The supplies and equipment we sledged across ice and sea and deposited on shore. A house and workshop were built of board, covered with sails, and fitted with stoves, and the ship was snug for win ter in shoal water, where it touched bottom at low tide. This settlement on the stormy shores of the Arctic ocean was chris tened Hubbard ville. Hunting parties were sent out on September 10 and a bear was brought In on the 12th and some deer a day or two later. PREPARE FOR SLEDGE TRIP. On September 15 the full work of transferring supplies to Cape Columbia was inaugurated. Marvin with Dr. Goodsall and Borup and the Eskimos, took 16 sledge loads of supplies to Cape Belknap, and on the 27th the same party started with loads to For ler&v. - - Co. Store, 824 LP v, , 6 ten-foot Plate Glass Cases 2 extra good Hat Cases 1,000 Coat Hangers 1 Clothing Rack 1 Clothing Table Glass Shelving 90 feet of Oak Shelving 22 Counters PEARY ""The work of hunting and transport ing supplies waa prosecuted continu ously by the members of the party and the Eskimos until November 6, when the supplies for the spring sledge trip had been removed from winter quarters and deposited at va rious places from Cape Colan to Cape Columbia. The latter part of September th movement of the Ice subjected tht ship to a pressure which listed It to port some eight or ten degrees, and it did not recover till the following spring. On October 1 I went on a hunt with two Eskimos across the field and Pass bay and the peninsula, made the circuit of Clemants Markham Inlet, and returned to the ship In seven days with 15 musk oxen, a bear and a deer. Later In October I repeated the trip, obtaining five musk oxen, and hunting parties secured some forty deer."" " ' 4- Prof. MacMlUan went to Columbia bay in November and obtained a month of tidal observations, returning In December. In the December moon Borup moved the Hecla depot to Cape Colan. Bartlett made a hunting trip overland to Lake Hazen and Hansen went to Clemant's Markham inlet. In the January moon Marven crossed Robeson channel and went to Cape Bryant for tidal and meteoro logical observations. Bartlett crossed the channel and made the circuit of Newman bay and explored the penin sula. After he returned Goodaall went to Markham Inlet and Borup to ward Lake Hazen, in the Interior, oa hunting trips. In the February moon Bartlett went to Cape Hecla, Goodsall moved some more supplies from Hecla to Cape Co lan, and Borup went to Markham in let on a hunting trip. On February 15 Bartlett left the Roosevelt with his division for Cape Columbia and Parr bay. Goodsall, Borup, MacMTIlan ' and Hansen followed on successive days with their ; provisions. Marvin re turned from Cape Bryant on February 17 and left for Cape Columbia on Febraaes 31. .J .brought up the. rear Main Stroot, Richmond, Indiana, 2 oak Tables Pressing Iron Desk Chair 5 Nickel Hangers 1 Screen Door 1 hat conformer Large Duck Coat Rack 1 Floor Brush oh FeVruary St." - The total of alhdlvMoas -leaving. the Roosevelt was sevea members of the party. 6'Esktato. 140 dogs and 22, sledges. MAKE READY' FOR DASH. By February 27 each of the-Cape Colan depot aa-waa naeded had been brought up to Cape Columbia. he dogs wore rested and doable rationed and harnessed, and the sledges and other gear overhauled. Four months of northerly winds during the fall and winter instead of southerly ones, as daring the previous season, led ma to expect lasa open water than beCore. but a great deal of rough lee, and I was prepared to hew a road through ths Jagged lee tor the first hundred miles or so, then cross the big lead. BARTLETT LEADS THE WAY. On the last day .of February Bart lett, with his pioneer division, accom plished this, and his division got away due north over the loe on Mareh 1. The rest of. the party got away oa Bartlett's'trall. and I followed an. hour later. The party now comprised seven members of the expedition. 17 Bekt mos. 133 dogs, and 19 sledges. One Eskimo and sevea dogs had gone to pieces. A strong easterly wind, drifting now, and temperature In the minus marked our departure from the camp at Cape Columbia, which I had chris tened Crane City. Rough Ice in the first march damaged several sledges and smashed two beyond repair, the teams going back to Columbia for other sledges In reserve there. PASS BRITISH RECORD. We camped ten miles from Crane City. The easterly wind and low tem perature continued. In the second inarch we passed the British record msde by Markham In May, 187 82.20 and were stopped by opes wa ter, which had been formed by wind after Bartlett passed'. In this mareh ws negotiated the lead and reached Bartlett'a third camp. Borup had gone back ' from here, but missed his way, owing to the faulting of the trail by the movement of the Ice. Marvin came back also for more fuel and alcohol. Ths wind continued, forming open water all about ua. At the end of the fourth march we came upon Bartlett, who had been 'stopped' by a wide lake of open water. We re mained here from March 4 to March 11. GETS GLIMPSE OF SUN. At noon of March 5 the sun. red and shaped like a football by excessed reflection, just raised Itself above the horizon for a few minutes and then disappeared again. It was the first time I had seen it since October 1. I now began to feel a good deal of anxiety because there were no signs of Marvin and Borup, who should have been there for two days. Be sides, they had the alcohol and oil. which were indispensable for us. We 'concluded that they had either lost the trail or were Imprisoned on an island by open water, probably the latter. , Fortunately, on Mareh 11 the lead was practicable and. leaving a vote for Marvin and Borup to push on after us by forced marches, we pro ceeded northward. The sounding of the lesd gave 110 fathoms. During this march we crossed the eighty-fourth parallel and traversed a succession of Just frozen leads, from a few hundred yards to a mile In width. This march was really simple. On the fourteenth we got free of the leads and came on decent going. While we were making camp a courier from Marvin came and Informed me he was on the march in the rear. The temperature was 59 below zero. - The following morning. March IS. I sent Hansen with his division north to pioneer a trail for five marches, and Dr. Good sell, according to the pro gram, started back to Caps Columbia. M'MILLAN TURNS BACK. At night Marvin and Borup came spinning in with their men and dogs steaming in the bitter air like a squadron of battleships. Their arrival relieved me of all anxiety as to oar oil supply. In the morning X discovered that MacMUlan's foot was badly "frost bit ten. The mishap had occurred two or threje days Jb?re., but MncMIllan There are few troabhw about which than summer diarrhea, or "Tensing off of the tell you to take Jamaica ginger, a mixture remedy. These are the very thiags yoa caused by catching cold in the stomach or water that yoa took. and irritated them. The thing to do is like DR. CALDWELL'S SYRUP PEPSIN, which will promptly remove the germs sad tone ana strengthen ths stomach aad bowels and thus givs them a new start. Young aad old can ass it with equal effect. Thonssndsol American families keep it constantly in the house for just such digestive troubles as sum mer complaint, indigestion, biliousness, constipation, sick headache, aad espe cially for the digestive ailments of babies and children. No baby will refuse . DR. CALDWELL'S SYRUP PEPSIN as it is very pleasant to take, and. unlike salts and purgative waters, tablets aad pills, it acts naturally sad does not grip. A bottle can be bought at any drug store for 60 cents or f LOO. aad one bonle is sufficient to keep aa entire family in food health for a long time. bdd 'said 'notlf tag abourn rn tne T-pe that It would come out all right. A glance at the Injury showed me that the only thing was to send him back to Cape Columbia at once. The arrival of Marvin and Borup enabled me to spare sufficient-men aad dogs to go back with him. - LOSS IS SERIOUS ONE. This early loss of MaeMlllaa was seriously disappointing, to me. Ha had a sledge all the way from Caps Col umbia, and with bis snthuslasm and the powers and physknof the trained athlete I had confidence la him for at least the 86th parallel, but there. waa no alternative. The beet sledges -and dogs were se lected and the sledge loads brought up to the standard. The sounding gave a depth of 325 fathoms. We were over the continual shelf, and. as I had surmised, the successive leads crossed In the fifth, and sixth marches composed the big lead and marked the continual shelf.! On leaving the 'camp the expedition comprised 16 men, 12 sledges and 100 dogs. The next march was satisfac tory as regards distance and ths char acter of the going. In the latter part there were pronounced movementa la the Ice. both visible and audible. Some leads were crossed. In one of which Borup and his team took a bath, and we were finally stopped by an impracticable lead opening in front of us. We camped la a temperature of 50 degrees below. At the end of two abort marches wa came upon Hansen and bis party la ramn. mmdiac their sledges. Wa de voted the remainder of the day to overhauling ana menaing sjeagee ana breaking up our damaged ones for material. t MAKE FORCED MARCHES. The next morning I pat Marvlnttn the lead to pioneer the trail, with In structions to make two forced marches to bring up our average, which had been cut down by the last two short ones. Marvin carried out his instructions Implicitly. A consid erable amount of young lea assisted in this. At the end of the tenta march. lati tude 85.23. Borup turned back In com mand of the second supportlns party, having traveled a distance eoulvaleat to Nansen'a distance from this far to his farthest north. I was sorry to lose this young Yale runner, with his ' enthusiasm sad pluck. Hs had led his heavy sledge over the floss In a way that . com manded everyone's admiration and would have made his father's eyes glisten. CHANGES HIS PLAN. From this point the expedition com prised 20 men, 10 sledges, and 70 dogs. It wss necessary for Martin to take a sledge from here, and I put Bartlett aad his division la advance to pioneer the tralL The contgnnal daylight enabled me to make a moderation here that brought my advance and mala parties closer together aad reduced the like lihood of their being separated by open leads. . . After Bartlett left camp with Hen derson aad their division, Marvtn and I remained with our divisions 20 hours longer nd. thjfn followed .WJawe at Die Darcaino, fos H a Partial Llct: Glove Case Cash Register Wrapping Paper Pipe Rack . Window fixtures, pedestals; etc. Electric Sign 2 Oak Windows, Etc. m 9dCi for any sort of retail is fcrea more bed Year friends wfll probably of laadaa should not take. bowls or bscsnss of aad the sarins est into the to take a tenable antiseptic laxative vum (Ticrrtrtii ! ina mm trmm tfcair li I I. mm ! kt hksicci. aavlcie. mm mmm mmmit I al mmm Iter -St M DR. W. C CALDWCLL KH SaMwell IM. fVJacnxr BsTOerrs camp TO ' aad went on and wa turned In. By this arrangement the ad vanes party! was traveling while the mala partyj was asleep, and vice versa, aad I was; In touch with my advance party eeryi 14 hours. MOVES EXPEDITIOUSLY. a to next aplata et that going for the though for a partyj lata adaptable sledges, or M perfect! equipment It would have possibility. At our position at the end et thai, h. Mania obtained a aeVi isfactory sight far latitude la essaaf tber. which placed us at tS.4S. Thai result agreed sslafaotorily wtta that dead reckoning of Marvin, BartlettT and myself. Up to this time, the slight aimudet of the sua had made It not worth while to waste time In ehssesaUsasJ : Oa the next two marches the sjotngf improved, and we covered good dls- tancea. In one of these msreaea s ;lead delayed aa a few hours. WaCasV ly i ferried across the lea cakes, ; MAKES RECORD RUN. J ; The next day Bartlett let MaMaTA out. evidently, for a record, aad raolodl oft 30 miles. Here Marria obtained another satisfactory sight oa latteadai which gave the position aa S.tS (orf, beyond the farthest north of Naaaenl aad Abrussi). and showed that wa had! covered 50 minutes of latitude in three! marches. Ia these three nsarchea wa hatf paaasd the Norwegian record ofrtSJU by Nansen. aad the Italtaa record off M.14. by CagnL From this potat: Marvtn In command of ths third party. My last words to him wava "Be careful of Ua leads, my boy." J The party fromHass point ujautlasQ alas men. setea Pledgee, and SO doaaJ Ths condrdosa at this camp and that level lee la wary dliwctta VsaJad3 ma of Casssdaacrtptlosi of his fart. oat.aory. CONCLUDED TOMORROW. Many saying. themselves by) away." whem of kidney and! they notl bladder I This la a mistake. Take Pole; dney Remedy and atop the drain vitality. It curea backache, umatlsm. kidney and bladder of pain. and makes every trsca and: urinary trouble Luken 4b Co. dlsappe 44 Take your: old readers and music- readers to" Woormann's Book Store and have them exchang- ed. 520 Main St. J PEACHES PEACHES a Quality and Price Right a .Tomorrow. . . HADLEV BROS. to tatio placo the fn disithea is some anfit food or 4 y INMfitllli, ! f Ta Sb4 mm wbaSM will im mtthtmt klM, SMfci ! SMSmlwii mmm nh I ,.it. ana VMM wrtw Imv ay. CetS IS yj a pexmle delude Id will wear cd eynuStoms a w rolifale a w oaf the . TO vstaues. . . sr. a. u. L A business