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TOE BICnXIOia rALL.AJIUil AND Sl-Jf-TELUGKAJU, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1909.
The nicUond Palladlciii and Snn-Telecrain Published and owned Tor ths PAUUAimm PRINTING CO. Iwwt T days each week, evenings and Sunday morning. Office Corner North 9th and A street. Homo Phono 1121. RICHMOND. INDIANA. Rartolpk a. Leeds.. Editor Charles M. Morgas. . .Maaaslaa Editor Carl Bershsrdt .Assectate Editor W. R. Poaodateoe Nowa Editor. , SUBSCRIPTION TERMS. la Richmond $5.00 per year (In ad vance) or 10c per week. MAIL SUBSCRIPTIONS. One year. In advance ..$5.00 Six months, In advance 2.60 One month, in advance 45 RURAL ROUTES. One year. In advance $3.50 Six months, In advance 1-54 One month, in advance 25 Address changed as often as desired: both new and old addresses must be given. Subscribers will please remit with order, which should be given for a specified term; name will not bo enter ed until payment Is received. Entered at Richmond. Indiana, post office as second class mall matter. TLa Imoi latlnm off (Mow York Uty J aardttadtotk F T tlft l-Htf-f tt Oal tka 0araa aos.Uia.efl la lta nsert tM IffTTfvT Mr Items Gathered in From Far and Near Peary Must Prove Hia Case. Prom the New York World. Harry Whitney's first messages, instead of clearing up the Peary-Cook controver sy, leave it more hopelessly confused than before. Intrusted in confidence with Dr. Cook's claim at Annootok, Whitney kept the secret faithfully un til, on his arrival at Battle Harbor, Cook released him from his pledge. In his brief, modest dispatches from that point Whitney states that Dr. Cook told him that he had been at the north pole and showed him maps, and that he has no reason to doubt Cook's assertion. But the most remarkable statement by Whkney is contained in a special dispatch to Peary's chief journalistic champion, the New York Times: "I know not the extent of the con tents of the box left in my charge by Dr. Cook to be brought back. No vessel having arrived-for me at Etah before the Roosevelt returned from the north, I started home on her. Commander Peary would not allow anything belonging to Dr. Cook to come on board his rhip. I left the box, in a cache at Etah." And so the instruments which Dr. Cook planned to submit to the univer sity authorities in Denmark, and the original or duplicate records which he intrusted to Whitney for greater safe ty! are still within the arctic circle, at the mercy of any inquisitive or ac quisitive person who may happen up on them! And they are there because Peary violated the unwritten law of all waste and wild places, which is that civilized men who meet there shall render mutual services when possible. More than ever is it Peary's instant task to prove his charges against Cook. If it Is not too difficult, he might at the same time strive to soften the impression that he has act ed in a foolish as well as churlish manner toward his rival. . Democratic Disruption. From the Springfield Republican. The eclipse of Mr. Bryan has so far continued that even in Texas he must fight for recognition of the later dem ocratic doctrine of tariff reform on the basis of free raw materials. Senator Baljey openly derides the tariff princi ples of Mr. Cleveland, to which Mr. Bryan has always adhered, and he dis putes aggressively any continuance of the Bryan leadership. The fact that .the south was tending toward an ac ceptance of moderate protection has made clear during the tariff debates in the last session of Congress, and this was the final blow at the cohesion of the democratic party on any basis other than that of tpolls. If the demo, crats of the United States could no longer agree on the tariff, they could agree on nothing. Mr. Bryan and Mr. Cleveland had bitter differences, but the' tariff was not the cause of their estrangement or of the split in the democratic party that followed Mr. Bryan's first nomination. Billboards. From the Los Angeles Times. In Pennsylvania billboards are to be tax ed. In California we hope to see them axed. ADOLPH IS HOT ILL , American News Service) ; Los Angeles, Sept. 20. Denial of re cent reports that Adolphus Busch, the millionaire brewer, is In broken health and on the verge of death, has been received by Dr. S. J. Mattison, of Paaa dene, from his brother. Dr. F- C K. Mattison, who is touring Europe and was for some time the guest of Mr. Busch. :;: '"The stories sent out by European correspondents that Mr. Busch's death was to be expected at any moment are erroneous," Dr. Mattison writes to his brother, from the Butch estate.': , MASONIC CALENDAR. . Wednesday, Sept. 2-CaIled meeting Webb Lodge No. 24, F. & A, M. Work Id Master Mason degree. Saturday. Oct' 2 Loyal Chapter No. 49, O. E. S., stated meeting. ; . THE RECALL AND THE PRESENT SYSTEM. No one thing in municipal affairs is more important or harder to accomplish than the removal of incompetent and dishonest officials. In- deed it may truthfully be said that one of the chief causes of incom petency and dishonesty In city officials is the undisputed fact that it is practically impossible to remove any city official under the present sys tem, which gives a feeling of security and inmunity to weak and crafty men. The directness and simplicity of the Pes Moines plan is no better illustrated than in the recall. Indeed it is not so much to be regarded as a means of getting rid of incompetent and otherwise undesirable officials as a preventive of graft and conduct unsatisfactory to the voters. Al though it must be impressed on the observer that the recall owes its effi ciency as a preventive to the fact that it really works. It is simple in its method of. procedure, but the real reason of its effectiveness is due to two things: First, it puts the power in the hands of the people. Second, it does not depend on the findings of a court or a committee of inquiry, or the proving of incompetency or dishonesty. And this is the more effective and desirable because it is a fact that the more shrewd in the manipulation of graft the offender may be the more certain it is that he will cover up his tracks completely. This has defeated the prosecution of grafters by letting them escape on a techni cality although there is usually no doubt that mismanagement has oc curred. Moreover the recall Is simple and direct; the impeachment is involv ed and tortuous. There is in addition the fact that the present system in Indiana depends on council where, as it has sometimes happened that council has been implicated in the very acts that it must pass upon in the impeachment proceedings. And we will later point out how the pres ent system is especially undesirable in case the commission form of gov ernment is adopted. Here is the present Indiana law in regard to the impeachment and removal of city officials: Whenever any written charges have been adopted by the common council or by any committee thereof, against any officer, employea or de partment of the corporation except members of the council, such charge shall be heard by the council under such regulations as may be prescribed by ordinance. Should such charge be sustained th common council shall take action thereon and may remove any officer or employe against whom such charges are sustained, subject to the right of appeal hereinafter provided for; but it shall take a two-thirds vote to impeach or remove an officer or employe, and such vote or order of removal shall become effect ive after three days provided that any city official or employe against whom the common council has made or voted an order of impeachment or removal may be by a petition filed within three days thereafter ap peal from such order to the circuit or superior court in the county in which sucn city is located, which appeal shall be granted on filing cost bond to the approval of such court or the judge thereof in vacation. While such appeal is pending said order of impeachment or removal shall be sus pended. Upon the filing of such bond, the clerk of such court shall im mediately issue notice of such appeal to the city clerk and to all mem bers of the common council and thereupon the city clerk shall file in said court a certified copy of saidi written charges against said officer and the proceedings thereunder including the vote and order of impeachment or removal. Such court or the judge thereof in valuation shall within ten days after the granting of such appeal rehear the matter of the charges against such officer de novo and the finding and judgment of such court in sustaining and overruling such charges shall be final and conclusive upon all parties. In case said charges are sustained upon said appeal said order of impeachment or removal shall at once be in full force and effect Here is the recall system as set forth in Section 18 of the charter of Des Moines: Sec. 18. The holder of any elective office may be removed at any time by the electors qualified to vote for a successor of such incumbent. The procedure to effect the removal of an incumbent of an elective office shall be as follows: A petition signed by electors entitled to vote for a successor , to the incumbent sought to be removed, equal in number to at least twenty-five per centum of the entire vote for all candidates for the office of mayor at the last preceding general municipal election, demand ing an election of a successor of the person sought to be removed shall be filed with the city clerk, which petition, shall contain a general state ment of the grounds for which the removal is sought. The signatures to the petition need not -all be appended to one paper, but each signer shall add to his signature his place of residence, giving the street and number. One of the signers of each such paper shall make oath before an officer competent to administer oaths that the statements therein made are true as he believes, and that each signature to the paper appended is the genuine signature of the person whose name It purports to be. Within ten days from the date of filing such petition the city clerk shall examine, and from the voters register ascertain whether or not said petition is signed by the requisite number, of qualified electors, and, if necessary, the council shall allow him extra help for that purpose; and he shall attach to said petition his certificate, showing the result of said exam ination. If, by the clerk's certificate, the petition is shown to be insuffi cient, It may be amended within ten days from the date of said certifi- cate. The clerk shall, within ten days after such amendment, make like examination of the amended petition, and if his certificate shall show the same to be insufficient, it shall be returned to the person filing the same; without prejudice, however, to the filing of a new petition to the same effect. If the petition shall be deemed to be sufficient, the clerk shall submit the same to the council without delay. If the petition shall be found to be sufficient, the council shall order and fix a date for hold ing the said election, not less than thirty days or more than forty days from the date of the clerk's certificate to the council that a sufficient pe tition is filed. The council shall make or cause to be made, publication of notice and all arrangements for holding such election, and. the same shall be conducted, returned and the result thereof declared, in all respects as are other city elections. The successor of any officer so removed shall hold office during the unexpired term of his predecessor. Any person 6ought to be removed may be a candidate to succeed himself and unless he requests otherwise in writing, the clerk- shall place his name on the official ballot without nomination. In any such removal election, the candidate receiving the highest number of votes shall be declared elected. At such election, if some other person than the incumbent receives the highest number of votes, the Incumbent shall thereupon be deemed' re moved from the office upon qualification of his successor. In case the party who receives the highest number of votes should fail to qualify within ten days after receiving notification of election, the office shall be deemed vacant. If the incumbent receives the highest number of votes, he shall continue in office. The same method of removal shall be cumulative and additional to the methods heretofore provided by law. From a comparison of these two methods of removing public officials it can be easily seen that the recall is direct and effective. " The present Indiana system is involved and ineffective. The recall depends on the people and the people only. The impeachment system depends on the city government and -on di rect proof which is always hard to obtain. Furthermore if the commis sion form of government were adopted the council would have the power to pass on its cwn Impeachment if the present form of removal in force were kept. This would be so absolutely foolish as to make it ab surd. This make3 the recall necessary In the commission form of govern ment. But as a matter of fact the directness, simplicity, effectiveness of the recall are simply typical of the many desirable features of the Des Moines plan. ELSIE GETS CHECK American News Service) San Francisco, Sept. 2J. The suit re cently brought by Miss Elsie DeWolf decorative artist, who is resting at her French chateau near Versailles, against Francis J. Carolans, for Interior embel lishment of their new country home at Mountain view, has been settled Out of court. The gifted San Francisco deco rator Is said to have been compensated with a large check as payment In full, the incident is declared over, the art ist and Corralans viewing differently the value of Miss DeWolfe's decorative art. They were . more than $1,500 W: J- "... . h, . , .U ' apart- Miss De Wolfe decorated the interior of the Colony club in New York, the Vanderbilts home and the magnificent new house of the Ogden Armours in Chicago. EDWARD MOORE HURT While tearing down a separator at the plant of Gaar-Scott and company yesterday afternoon, Edward Moore fell and broke his right leg below the knee. He was removed to his home on South Thirteenth street In the city ambulance. Owing to the nature of the fracture it will be several weeks before Moore will have full use of the Injured member. HARVESTER TRUST FEAREDJY STATE Combination Trying to Get a Corner on World's Sup ply of Sisal. USED FOR BINDER TWINE IF A CORNER IS EFFECTED, STATE WILL HAVE TO DISCON- - TINUE MAKING TWINE AT THE TWO STATE PRISONS. (Palladium Special) Indianapolis, Sept. 20. The state prison board and Governor MarshaU propose to keep the binder twine plant at the Michigan City prison in opera tion so long as the state is able to ob tain a supply of sisal, from which the twine is made. All of the sisal raised in the world, from which binder twine can be made, comes from Yucatan, and there is a fear that the harvester trust may corner the market and get control of all of the supply. In such a case the state would not be able to get sisal for its prison binder twine plant, and it would have to shut down. But this is what the state will seek to pre vent. It Makes Good Profit. The board shows that the plant has in three years made a net profit to the state of about $12,000. The stae has an investment in the plant of $200,000. so that the $12,000 does not look like a very big return on the amount invested, but the board and the governor, point out that the price cf binder twine has been rorced down by the prison plant until hundreds of thousands of dollars have been saved to the farmers of the state. The state sells the binder twine manufactured at the prison for much less than the price that was charged by the harvester, trust before the plant was established, and as a result, the output of the plant has been disposed of easily in competi tion with the trust goods in this stat?. But ever since the prison plant was es tablished the trust has been trying to put it out of business. It has had advertisements run as editorials and reading matter in many newspapers throughout the country attacking the Indiana prison twine, in its effort to drive it out of the market. Trust agents have resorted to all kinds of schemes to do the same thing. But the prison plant is running along all right and will continue to run in com petition with the trust until the source of supply of raw material is cut off. ' Can Run a Few- Months. It is said that there is now on hand a supply of about one million pounds of sisal, which would run the binder twine plant for several months, and it is hoped by the authorities that the supply will not be cut off. If the trust were to obtain control of the sisal in dustry of Yucatan, it would mean that the trust could manufacture twine cheaper than the state could manufac ture It, for the state could not buy raw sisal except at any kind of an exorbi tant price the trust might fix for it. In this way the binder twine plant at the state prison would be driven out of business by the trust competition. A WEST AFRICAN CITY. TTfee Capital of Liberia Was Ifaated After President Monroe. Monrovia was named after the cele brated president of the United States, Monroe, who is responsible for that doctrine which inhibits any European nation from further conquests in the new .world. The capital of Liberia is divided into two parts, the low and shoreward sections being given over to large settlements of Kru boys and Indigenous negroes, while the upper part of the town is inhabited by Amer-lco-Liberians and European consuls and traders. This civilized part of the town is composed of broad grass grown streets and substantial, well built, comely looking bouses, churches, offices and public buildings. This smart appearance of the houses is in somewhat striking contrast to the neglected condition of the roads. These have never been made and are simply the unleveled rock of more or less flat surface. Consequently at the present time they are absolutely un snited to any vehicle, though I bare seen an enterprising Liberlan negotiate them with a bicycle. They are gener ally covered with a very short, close tuft of thickly growing plants, whiel is kept In the; condition of turf by the constant nibbling of tbe pretty little cattle that frequent the streets of Mon rovia. A less agreeable feature are the pigs, which exist In great numbers and perform the office of scavengers. Sir Harry Johnston. Russia's consumption of beer has in creased 43 per cent, in the last fifteen years; the output 91 per cent. Furnish your table with best food and finest china by buying Quaker Oats Family Size Packages Tbey ceataia tbe facet sfcaiaa ACCIDENT INSURANCE. Provisions of the Law Paaaad by the Montana Legislature. While some of the older states were cautiously referring accident legisla tion to special committees Montana went boldly ahead and passed a law. Chapter CT of the session laws of 1009 creates a state accident insurance fund to cover workmen employed in coal mining. Employers are to deduct monthly 1 per cent of the wages paid and pay the sum so deducted to the state auditor, and they must also pay to the auditor monthly 1 cent for each ton of coal mined and shipped or sold locally or, having been mined, is ready for shipment The Insurance Is thus compulsory upon both workmen and employers. The money is contributed jointly by both employers and employees. The basis for measuring the contribution Is not the same for each, however. The employee pays 1 per cent of the wages and tbe employer 1 cent per ton. It would have been simpler to make the wages tbe basis in both cases, but the law as It stands gives the workmen some benefit from the extra productivity of a mine If the assessment is honestly made. The state treasurer keeps tbe sums collected by tbe auditor and invests the surplus. The auditor Issues war rants to persons injured or their de pendents. Tbe benefits are as follows: First. In case of death dependents receive $3,000. This is divided among widow and children in equal shares, or If there be neither widow nor chil dren the payment is made to the par ents who are wholly dependent or partly dependent "upon the deceased: if there are no parents, then to "other relatives who may be dependent upon him." Second. In cases of "permanent in capacity" a monthly compensation not to exceed a dollar a day for each work ing day shall be paid, but this cannot be allowed until after tbe expiration of twelve weeks. This part of tbe act is poorly drawn because there is no clear recognition of the distinction be tween the following kinds of injury: (a) Total permanent incapacity; (b par tial permanent incapacity; (c) total temporary incapacity; (d) partial tem porary Incapacity. As actually drawn a man who Is Incapacitated for a con siderable length of time, but not per manently Injured, would receive no benefit from tbe fund. For tbe loss of one limb or eye the compensation is $1,000. No limit to the monthly pay ments in cases of "permanent incapac ity" is given unless the workman wish es to have the liability settled by a lump sum. which is not to exceed $3. 000. The auditor is to have "plenary power to determine all disputed cases. The large powers given to the auditor may be a grouud for raising constitu tional objections. If a workman accepts the benefits of the fund he loses his right to bring suit against the employer, but if be elects to bring suit be loses bis right to benefit from the fund. Employers refusing to comply with the act or employees fraudulently ob taining benefits may be fined from $100 to $.j00 or Imprisoned from one to six months or punished by both fine and Imprisonment. The act Is to be in force cn Oct. 1. 1010. nnd benefits com mence four months thereafter. It is to be regretted that tbe admin istrative features of the act were not worked out with more care. OBITUARY. Cyrus A. Baldwin,. son of Jonathan'! and Mary Ann Baldwin was born neaf Westfield, Hamilto.i County, Indiana June 3rd, 1S37, and departed this lifef at his home near Greensfork. Sept? 21st, 1909, aged s;venty-two years? three months and eighteen davs. Me neid a birtn-rignt membership in r, the Friends church and was always willing worker in all church affairs.! He held a birth-right membership in lie iuvcu ii io v ii u 1 1 ii aim Ociuurt-lll school and always held them above' every thing else. During his life he was close'y iden tified with public work. For twenty' three terms he taught school, a voca tlon which he delighted to follow.-' Sept. 22, '59 he was united in mar riage to Barbara Ann Sherrirh u Westfield, Indiana. Unto this union was born four daughters, Luella, Edna, Florence and Lodoska. His bej loved Wife nreceded him tn her Heav enly home four yoars ago last Feby in me eariy sixties ne joinea me in dependent Order of Odd Fellows andi remained a member until his death. He leaves to mourn their loss his. four daughters Mr3. J. D. Rathfon. on Redkey, Ind., Mrs. M. C. Brooks ofj Greensfork. Mrs. Nicholas Smith of Fountain Citv. Ind. and Mrs. MerritH Nicholson, also of Greensfork He also leaves two brothers, Baileyf and Alpbeus Baldwin and one sister Mrs. Jane D. Laufman of Richmond!" and eight grand children which witrfl the many other relatives and scores of neighbors and friends realize the" loss they have all sustained and majn the beautiful words of the poet com fort all our sad and aching hearts: I've ran my racer My work is donee No more on eartH" I'll roam. " My dearest friend-' I bid adeau. Farewell, I'm going home. CARD OF THANKS. We wish to give our heart-felw thanks to our many neighbors and-t friends for the man: acts of kindnes&J and sympathy sho-n to us as a fant ily, through the sickness and death. of our beloved father, Cyrus A. Bald win. Signed: - . . Mrs. J. D. Ration?-" Mrs. M. C. Brooks" .Mrs. Nicholas. Smith. ' Mrs. Merritt Nicholson. Careful Chickens. ' Effle on her first visit to tbe country saw a number of chickens from tlx front porch of tbe farmhouse. Tbe child watched tbe fowls for some time as they industriously scratched around. Finally she turned and ran to her mother. . . . "Oh, mother. she cried excitedly, "come out on tbe porch and see tbe chickens wiping their feet oa tbe grass ! Harper's Weekly. " TWINKLES (By Philander Johnson) The Subtleties of Jest. Father. said Utile Rollo, -what is a tariff Joker? "I don't know, my son. whether I can give you a definition that will en able you to understand it any better than the average voter does. As a rule it is a manifestation of a crude' style of humor which throws cold water on the ultimate consumer and then hits him with a slap-stick." Discoverers' Hardships. Tis bad enough when you begin Your work by being frozen in. And it is even worse, no doubt. When rivals seek to freeze you out! Among Explorers. "What did you see ahead of you when you discovered the north poe?" "Trouble." Prelude to Long Silence. "1 wish Mrs. Flimgilt wouldn't talk so much during a game of bridge whist." "You can't blame her for making the most of her opportunities." an swered Miss Cayenne. 'The chances are that none of the players will be on speaking terms after the game is over." Reduced Value. "Why do they say talk is cheap?" "Probably because the most lo quacious people usually get their ideas second hand." Only a "rube" in a great big town! Only a mark to be done brown. He likes to look at the buildings high And gaze at the horse cars floating by. He speaks in a manner ill at ease; He doesn't say "dem" or "dose" or "iase," Nor "goil" and coil" for "girl" and "curl." "Tis plain he is strange to the merry whirl. He's awed by the waiter, whose tips each day Are more than his weekly wage, they say. It's fun to see how hell gasp and stare In the dim, dense heat of the subway air. Or Etruggle to lift his voice in vain O'er the Joyous din of the passing train. It's most amusing to see his feet Clogged with the grime of the oil soaked street And hear him kick at the price he'll pay For a hallroom cot and two meals a day. Pass him along. He is young and strong. If Trie kicks, just tell him he got in wrong And he oughtn't to harbor thoughts of . strife When he's having the time of his sim ple life. Let him complain and fret and frown. He's only a rube in a great, big town! .slicious. "Jack sent me a handsome mirror for my birthday. "Ou that accounts for it "Accounts for what? "Yesterday he asked me if a woman ever got too old to be pleased witb a looking glass. Boston Transcript. No Rest tr M TLa. Ol XNlfiTllt "I would lay awake for hours without any apparent cause, or dream terrible dreams which would bring on extreme spells of nervousness. After taking Dr. Miles Nervine and Tonic for awhile I could sleep well, and the nervous spells have left me." MISS ALMA HUG, R. R, No. 4, Canal Dover, Ohio. Without sleep the nervous system soon becomes a wreck, and the healthful activity of all the organs obstructed. Restful, body-building sleep accompanies the use of Dr. Miles Nervine because it soothes the irritable nerves, and restores nervous 4 energy. When taken a few days according to directions, the most restless sufferer will find sleep natural and healthful. Get a bottle from your druggist. Take it all according to directions, and if it does not benefit he will rt turn your money. Time For Hardy Shrubs Fred H. Lemon & Co. Florists and Decorators. There Is Notftdaa to EsJ t X rnwissLcrs I QUAKER DREAD f For sole by . . . miW tm WU4 ami M ml!l'S&S Tafca m mhm. Sn Wrti!r Mia swa a at ruHa. m a ! it I We Spoke I To You $ about oar business some time ago. J We have been advertising for some time in order to I acquaint YOU T with our ? business. Money Time Has Come and YOU may need to buy clothes or other things that the change in weather necessitates. It YOU need ready money you can get it of us. Wo have a big supply to give you at lowest rates. We loan money on household goods, pianos, teams, fixtures, vehicles, wagons or other personal property without removal, leaving the property entirely in your possession. By our methods privacy la insured, red tape Is eliminated, and vou are given the money the same day that you apply for it. $1-20 is the weekly payment on a $50 loan. Other amounts in same proportion. A Ho loans on watches and diamonds. Privacy in Everything. We make loans in all surrounding towns and country. Call, Write or Phone t t Reliable Private RIClHIGriD LOAN co.9 1 Booms 7-8, Colonial BMg., t PboaclMS. Rtclwonel. X Opesi Sotwelojr Evesdsissw J - Henry IV. Denver . FANCY GROCER IU3I1 Grcs Coffees csd Tecs Cor. CI St. mm Ft. Wmymm svi 1S74 You Cod Boy. Sanppflfies AT aeaTttsUeftivdte's Drcn Store Phone 1445 415 N. 8th St. Richmond Lodge Loyal Oreler of MOOSE Charter Members Accepted, $5.00. "Moose" pty $7.00 a week, sick or accident; f 100.00 burial fund. Free medical at tendance (or members and Cam- r. FINEST CLUB AND LODGE FEATURES. Richmond. Ind. Headquarters. 33-34 Colonial Bide. Mai and 7th Sts. Phone 217$. Solicitors wanted; see Mr. May. Call for beautiful Free Souvenir. Baled lay Special Price Richmond Feed Stcre, Phone 21 9C 11-13 N. 9Qx 710 tttcnoosv ' PALLADIUM WANT ADS. PAY. fcT) jit WW