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ST. LOUIS CELEBRATED ITS INCORPORATION Centennial Observation of the Event Was Ushered In Today In the Great River Town by the Grand Tonal Harmony of Over Four Hundred Church Bells. r THE RICHMOND PAJ. LABIUM AKI oUS-TliLEGRAM, SUNDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1909. WHY (Palladium Special) St. Louis. Oct. 2. Swelling their re verberations from a Boftly clanging opening note into a grand tonal har mony, the bella of the 444 churches of St. Louis will usher in at sunrise Sun day a seven days' celebration of th3 one hundredth anniversary of the in corporation of the city. Fitting indeed it is that the bells of the religious edifices which have bad so important a place in the moulding of the character of the city should an nounce to the waking people that 100 years have passed since St. Louis, the settlement and trading post, became St. Louis, the city. From the days of the earlier Spanish settlers, who reared a modest Catho lic church, and sturdy pioneers who erected the first Baptist church, to the present day when a mammoth cathe dral is in the course of construction and the tall spires of religious edi fices of many denominations pierce the sky, church Influence ever has been a powerful factor in shaping and proper ly directing the growth and expansiou of the city. The mellow clanging of the bells also will open a general celebration of the religious development of the city in the century since it was incorporated. The day will be known as Church Day. While commemorative ceremonies will be held in virtually all of the churches of the city, there will be sev eral gatherings of particular import ance. These will include a song ser vice in the afternoon at the new coli seum, in which 10,000 Sunday School children, members of loO Protestant churches, including all Protestant de nomintions, will participate. The three most important Catholic events of Church Day will be a pon tifical high mass at the old cathedral. Third and Walnut streets, a relic of pioneer St. Louis, erected almost a cen tury ago on the site of the former edi fice of the Cathedral parts, which, hav ing been organized in 1770, is older than the city. The children of the parochial schools of the city will gather in the afternoon at the Statue of St. Louis, in Forest Park, where there will be songs and an address, concluding with the chanting of the Te Deum. The third notable Catholic function of the day will be a pilgrimage to Cahokia. 111., where tha oldest church of the West is located. The Christian Scientist churches of the city will hold a mass meeting in the afternoon at the Odeon, where a lecture with Centennial features will be delivered. Every Christian Scien tist within a radius of 100 miles of St. Louis has been requested to attend. The Jewish churches of the city will begin their centennial celebration on Saturday, the Jewish Sabbath. Commemorative sermons and ad dresses will be heard in virtually all of the churches, armories and halls. Religious and historical organiza tions will invade the downtown dis tricts, where huge skyscrapers have re placed the churches of early days, and tablets marking the sites of famous old structures will be unveiled. Among the sites thus to be marked are: Fort and Tower, near Fdurth and Walnut streets. First Presbyterian Church, Fourth street. First Methodist Church, Fourth street. 'First Unitarian Church, Fourth street. Christ Church, Broadway. Second Presbyterian Church, Broad way. House in which Senator Thomas H. Benton lived. House in which General Grant was married'. " Judge William C. Carr's house. St. Louis University, Ninth street and Washington avenue. Government House where the trans fer of sovereignty took place. Main and Walnut streets. The following impressive list of churches shows the religious develop ment of the city in a century: Bantist. 23: Catholic. 7i: Christian. 15; Christian Scientist. 4; Congrega tional. 2t: English Evangelical Luther nn, 7: German Evangelical, 24; Ger man Evangelical Lutheran, 22; He brew, orthodox, 0: Hebrew, reformed. 4; Methodist Episcopal. '.Hi: Methodist Episcopal South. 20: New Jerusalem, H; Presbyterian, 42: Presbyterian. Cum berland. 1: Presbyterian. United. !: Protestant Episcopal. l: Reformed Episcopal, 2; Unitarian .2; Miscellane ous, 110: total, not including the Evan gelical Alliance, consisting of clergy men of different denominations, 444. Among the first of the prominent churchmen to endorse the '"Church Pay" project was the Most Reverend John J. Glennon. Roman Catholic Archbishop of St. Louis, who will of ficiate at the Old Cathedral mass. All of the churches and religious organiza tions of the city have been invited to take part in the observance of the da and virtually all have accepted. "Church Day" will be preliminary ROOSEVELT IN AFRICA SCRIBNERS MAGAZINE ARTICLES Ko event of recent occurrence has cre ated so much interest as Ex-President Koosevelt's trip to Africa on a hunt for big game for the National Museum. He has had remarkable luck in bagging lions and elephants, and is now writing a thrilling account of his adventures for SCRIBNERS MAGAZINE. The President's son, Kermit, has illustrated these articles with many interesting pho tographs of actual scenes of the trip. The first of these articles appears in the October number and the advance de irsud is very great This makes an unusual opportunity f-r money-makinc in the offer which rCRIBNER'S MAGAZINE makes to t hese who will solicit subscriptions. There are cash commissions and extra cvsh prizes. The magazine furnishes sample copies and advertising matter, etc., for agents. Addiess at once, Scribner's Magazine, 155 Fifth Ave New York City. Dept. S15. to the most general and Impressive celebration ever held In any city in the country. Among the features of the week will be aerial events in which noted aero nauts will sail the sky In balloons, air ships and aeroplantes. The tntrants for the aeroplane races include Glenn H. Curtiss, winner of the recent inter national aeroplane tournament at Reims, France, and hence champion aviator of the world. There will be almost daily pageants on land, and in a magnificent parade on the Mississippi river a torpedo boat fleet of the United States navy will participate with river steamers and water craft of every description. The land pageants will include the time- Orchardists All Interested Over Recent Research Work Spokane, Wash., Oct. 2. Orchard ists all over the continent will be in terested in the research work just completed by Ren H. Rice, secretary manager of the National Apple Show, Inc., showing that the so-called "wild apple" or "wild crab," from which many of the present standard com mercial varieties have sprung, were wayward descendants of trees origin ally imported from England and other foreign countries in the 18th century. Mr. Rice has compiled data, tracing the seeds from their habitat in foreign soils to these shores, also the wander ing of the trees from the path of civil ization, reverting to savagery and then brought to the present day per fection, as to color, size and flavor, after years of toil and study. Of the contributary factor:? he says that the process of cultivation was not of suf ficiently long duration nor was it complete, and, as a consequence, after a few years neglect, it was natural for the fruit to return to its normal state. The appended excerpts are from Mr. Rice's manuscript, to be present ed to Professor H. E. Van Deman of Washington, D. C, who will head the board of judges at the second national apple show in Spokane, November 15 to 20. During revolutionary times and the days of the Indian wars, when thous ands of men were called to bear arms, many farms were permitted to run to waste and weeds. In numerous In stances the isolated homesteads and even settlements were attacked and destroyed, the occupants slain, the buildings sacked and burned and the stock scattered when not stolen. Thus, a few years completed the transition from pioneer husbandry to utter ruin and chaos. Frequently these settlements were the outposts of civilization, situated as they were on the very edge of the wil derness and, in the course of a few years, rank weeds pushed their heads through the rotted boards and logs, pine, hemlock and maple growths sprung up in the clearings and wild things scampered unmolested over the ruins, which were rapidly accumulat ing moss and lichens. In a word, the wilderness had stretched forth its hands and claimed its own. The young orchards, which, with the poplars and other trees, served as wind-brakes, were quickly surrounded and outstripped in growth by the na tive woods, the tangled underbrush choked the tender trees and the fruit reverted to the wiid and free manner of the pigeon-berry and beechnut. honored and ever-Impressive march through the streets of the Veiled Pro phet, followed, as usual, by his ball, the chief social event, locally, of the year. More than l.OOO mayors of cities have been invited to attend the cele bration and the week will be notable tor family reunions and ciyie gather ings. Mayor Frederick H. Kreismann who will welcome the visiting mayors, is president of the St. Louis Centennial Association. The association has obtained reduc ed railroad rates for Centennial week from virtually all parts of the United States, including the Pacific coast, and also all of Mexico and the greater part of Canada. "Wild apples," so called, had a pecu liar charm of their own, largely be cause of their spicy flavor. Though barred from the tables of gentle folk and the marts of trade, they were sought by fully as Interesting if less exacting consumers. The blanketed reds used them as staples of diet and the pioneers of the backwoods and the frontiersmen often stepped off the trails to obtain a store. The settlers of more peaceful days found them a pleasant surprise in a zone not prolific of fruits, and bear, raccoon and porci pine also knew them as an excellent preparation for thu long sleep of win ter. When the yoemen returned from the wars to resume the cultivation of the soil, many farmers set themselves to redomesticatin,; the apple and in this entered the process of selection and rejection as practiced by the fore most pomologists and botanists of the (resent day. Trees were cleared of the underbrush and pruned, and scions were developed and pruned 1n turn, until after much patient toil, as long in duration as the period of retro gression had been, the wild fruit once again became the apple of civilization and with this came its development as a commercial product, which is destin ed so far as the northwestern states and provinces are concerned, to rank ! with the wheat industry in a very few j years. Mr. Rice shows in his compilation of data, bearing on the growing of commercial apples, that the industry has not kept pace with the increase in population in the United States and Canada, from the fact that the entire crop this year, estimated at 28,000,000 barrels, is many barrels less than the production in 1890, when growers in the United States harvested 67,070,000. Twenty-seven million barrels of apples were harvested in the United States last year. The explanation of this condition lies scattered over the broad acres jin the New England, eastern and mid- dlewestern states, where apple or chards, never regarded as serious fea tures of the farms, have fallen easy prey to neglect, ar.d resultant nests. ia many instances ,ne irees nave oeen felled to supply manufacturers with materials, while in other localities en tire orchards have been chopped out to afford room for more profitable crops. As there is no substitute for the ap ple this would mean nothing less than a. famine were it not for the or chards in the west, where an immense territory has been dedicated to fruit production, and with, the millions of Pl71(o(y(BDa mm YOU MAY NEED MONEY for a nun.ber of purposes, especially at this season. Winter's fuel, provisions and clothing must be laid in, and you may lack the ready cash with which to do this. If this is the case may we not have the pleasure of explaining how we may be of service to you? WE LOAN MONEY in sums to suit the borrower, on household scods, pianos, teams, live stocK, farming implements, and al kinds of personal prop erty without removal. OUR PAYMENT PLANS are week!, monthly, quarter y or such as mav suit your conven ience. Our "little-at-a-Tinie" plan of repayment, is sure to meet your appi oval. reliable i i ram i ass Room 40, Third Floor, Colonial Building. Telephone 1341. Richmond, Indiana Zees planted annually will make this the orchard country of the world. "The lands already planted in Washington, Idaho, Oregon, Montana, and the province ot British Columbia should produce a crop of apples in 1915 equal to the production of the United States in 1896." said Mr. Rice in discussing the outlook, "and at that there will never be an overproduction. From that time on with orchards in 9 We have a Milk Department, an Ice Cream Department, and a Butter Department. We can use all the whole milk, sweet cream or sour cream you want to produce. Don't fail to get our proposition when you visit the Fall Festival. OUR BUSINESS IS WE OFFER lower payments and more satisfactory meth ods than can be had from any similar concern in this section of the country, regard less of all claims to the contrary. Investigation and comparison will prove this statement to your entire satisfaction. Application Blank If you arc in need of money, and can not call at our ofices, fill out this application and mail it to the address given below, and our agent will call on you and explain our terms fully. Name Address Amt. Wanted $ Kind of Security you have Where Employed Occupation LOAN other western and southwestern states including California, Colorado. Texas. Xevada, Utah. Arizona, New Mexico, Wyoming and the Dakotas, there should be a definite increase every season, until the apple becomes the every day fruit and food of the peo ple, instead of a luxury as it appears to be today in view of the underpro duction and high prices. "The question of now the demands mmm Fhon 11SBS3. EVER INCREASING: rates, longer time, easier OUR RATES we unconditionally guarantee to be lower than can be had from any similar concern loaning money in the city. Our financial re sponsibility, back of this guarantee, should make It worth your investigation. WE ASK YOUR CONSIDERATION in case ou contemplate a loan; we want to prove how much more satisfactory it will be to you to place your loan with us. IF YOU HAVE A LOAN with any clher concern, we will gladly furnish you the money with which to pay it off. Our lower rates and easier payments will make it worth your while. Courteous treatment and prompt service extended to all applicants. Wife's Name of the people for fruit can be met will have a prominent place at the infor mal discussion in Spokane next No vember. I believe this is a timely sub ject for inquiry and that it ranks in importance with the facts presented recently regarding our forests and iron ore deposits." Pattt: Gold Medal Flour Quality la very hlr'ieat Smutd Silt. CdD Say what you please about enthu siastic people, we like them. The cold, clammy people who Intimate that they bare always bad better than you bare don't pleas us. And If people are en thusiastic oTer our new suit we don't car whether they are sincere or not Atchison Globe.