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FTP CHMONB PAIXA NTJ 3UN-TELEGRAM. VOL XXXV. NO. 31. RICHMOND, IXD., WEDNESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 8, 1909. SINGLE COPY, CENTS. EARLY TODAY THE MERCURY DROPPED HEAR ZERO MARK THINKS POLITICS A BABY FOUND DEAD Coroner Finds That Suffoca PREACHER TAKES America is the Place to Educate Men CAN BE DIVORCED WITHOUT TROUBLE FIRST PLACE III ORATORUOIITEST tion Was the Cause of Its Death. BITETM if sRS vi' - xr At the Government Station, Water Works Pumping Plant, Thermometer Regis tered Five Above Zero. MERCURIES IN CITY SHOW A LOWER MARK Cold Wave General Through out the West, Middle West And Northwest Severe Weather Reported. The thermometer at the water works pumping station registered 5 degrees above zero at 7 o'clock tMs morning the lowest point reached by the mercury this winter. Several thermometers over the city registered even lower than that at the pumping station. Many residents declare that the liauid in their thermometers drop ped to the zero mark, while several supposedly accurate thermometers in the city registered as low as 1 degree above zero. However, the fact remains that it is extremely, cold, so there is no chance for argument there. Every one freely admits that this weather is " 'sumpin' fierce" and the good old summer time when straw Sifts, low shoes and fans were in order is recalled with loving remembrance and with longing sighs. Its hard to imagine In these days when the mer cury Insists on flirting with the zero mark, how Cook and Peary could pos sibly bear the hardships of the frozen North where this present cold bnao would appear like a warm breeze from a midsummer evening. Any How, It is Cold. . But ; Cook and Peary . can call It warm if they care to. That doesn't alter the fact that it is exceedingly cold. Who want to beah arc"tic ex plorer, anyway? The rivers, creeks and small streams of Wayne county are rapidly freezing up and another day of the cold spell will make skating the chief occupation among the small boys. The ice men are clearing their storage houses in preparation for laying in a large quantity of frozen, water. The coal men are busy filling orders and the cold wave is also hailed with joy by the merchants of the city for the holiday trade is brisk and Christmas is but sixteen days distant. Ill CRITICAL SHAPE Mrs. Richard Lane, Who Was Burned, Fights Against Blood Poison. SUFFERS GREATEST AGONY Mrs. Richard Lane, who was ser iously burned last Saturday morning when her clothes caught on fire from a gas stove, has recovered from the first shock of the horrible accident However, her condition is very ser ious and little hope is extended for her recovery. When so much of the skin is de stroyed, as is the case with Mrs. Lane, poisoning usually results because the body is unable to throw off the in fection. It is a matter of grave doubt whether Mrs. Lane will be able to recover. She is conscious all the time but suffers most excruciating pain. She is kept wrapped in cotton. In order to keep all weight from her body, a wire netting has been placed across the bed over which the bed clothing is thrown. LECTURES ON TREES Prof. Thompson Will Make an Address Before the Com mercial Club. TO BE GIVEN IN JANUARY The lecture on the condition of the trees, particularly of the shade varie ties, which Prof. J. P. Thompson, of the high school has consented to de liver before the Commercial club, will be given in January, in all probablll ty. The original date set was next Monday evening, but it was consid ered best to postpone the lecture until after the holidays. Prof. Thompson has had several stereopticon slides made In order to Illustrate his lecture. Marguerite de Colmar and her brother, Count Robert, who is to be educated here. The young count is in New York with his mother, Countess de Colmar, who is " the daughter o Elizabeth Wilhelmina, princess of Brunswick, the only daughter of Due of Brunswick, Charles II. The coun tess thinks America is the place to raise men and she wants her young son to be a man. She will take him to New Orleans, where he will take up his studies in the Jesuit Fathers Col lege. Her daughter, who is only sev enteen, was arrested and put, in prison for taldng part in the conflict be- tween the church and the govern ment. This picture also shows the church at Lockes where Marguerite defied the authorities. mMSBSBMBBBmsmsMBBgngniwgm ;T)j ' VVl I' A: ,V" - 9 1?t II .-. ;.,' - . ' rafcwi.-v A i) i" -i . fiW r- ..II . iff If J 'Ml L'i&ff Orr 411 I .It mmm $mpn ll f MAKING A FIGHT SAVE BOY'S LIFE Charitable Organization Takes Steps to Rescue an Unfortunate Lad. IS WHITE PLAGUE VICTIM COUNCIL OF CHARITIES WILL MEET TOMORROW TO CONSID ER RELIEF PLANS FOR WORTHY POOR OF COUNTY. Although the relief work of the asso ciated charities for the past month was not particularly heavy, yet many bills of long time standing were met, mak ing the bills allowed yesterday at the association meeting very heavy. A re port was made on the financial condi tion of the association in this connec tion, showing that but $1,000 of the $2,000 needed, has been raised. The association has in its charge a number of families and individuals, to whom it is supplying the necessaries of life. In every instance the families or individuals are unable to help them selves, because of iljness. However, the number Is probably not so large as during corresponding periods of last year. One Pathetic Case. One rather pathetic case is that of a young boy who will be taken to Reid Memorial Hospital and quartered in a tent in hopes of his recovery from the "white plague." The association has ordered a tent for him and the town ship will meet the other expenses. His mother, who is his only relative, is compelled to work in order to support herself, and she can contribute but lit tle to his support President Rev. C. Huber, of the coun cil of Charities, has called a meeting of the council for tomorrow afternoon at the Y. M. C A. chapel. All township trustees of the county and representa tives of all charitable organizations are urged to be present, as matters of im portance and Interest are to be consid ered. One of the subjects to come be fore the association will be the imposi tion of the unworthy poor upon the charitable organizations. The poor in some instances are not prompted by honest motives and will graft on the charitable organizations whenever th; opportunity is afforded. r 170 -18"'' LAPP THE SPEAKER State Legislative Librarian Talks to History Club Yesterday. METHODS OF LEGISLATION John A. Lapp, librarian of the In diana Legislative department, gave a very interesting talk at the public li brary yesterday afternoon before the members of the History Club. His subject was, "The Methods of Legisla tion." The speaker pointed out the neces sity and value of a more careful con sideration of the various bills before they were introduced in the legisla ture. He stated that the laws were frequently misinterpreted owing to their bad wording. He declared that much trouble arose in this regard, when a little more time and study would eliminate the difficulty. The talk was very valuable and was thor oughly appreciated.- TAX WAS REFUNDED Terr e Haute, Indianapolis and Eastern Gets Back A Neat Sum. WHAT CAUSED THE ACTION The county commissioners have re funded to the Terre Haute, Indianapo lis and Eastern Traction Co., $112.40 on tax paid in to the county treasury on the 1906 and 1907 tax assessments. The cause for refunding the money was that the state tax commission, in fixing the valuation of the traction lines, determined the valuation from the net earnings. The company had deposits in local banking Institutions which accrued from these net earn ings and these deposits were also tax ed, therefore making a double taxation. Tax agent Foster,-of the traction lines appeared bstore the commission ers and presented the matter. County Attorney J. F. Bobbins advised that it be refunded. The company is making collections cf refunded taxes in every county through which it operates and in which it had deposits in the bank ing institutions. TRUSTEES AHE TO fid ON QUESTION Will Decide Whether to mit Lowe to Collect Their Tax Share. Per on MAY TURN DOWN FERRET TRUSTEES ARE OF OPINION HE CAN ONLY COLLECT ON THE COUNTY'S AND THE STATE'S SHARES OF TAX. At the meeting of the township trustees tomorrow, the question of al lowing W. E. Lowe to receive a com mission on the township's portion of sequested taxes, paid to the county treasurer as a result of Mr. Lowe's efforts, will be considered. From what the trustees have said, it appear ed as though tl3 county auditor and the county treasurer would be notified not to deduct any commission frou the townships share of sequestered taxes paid in. The trustees believe that they can take this action the same, as can any city or incorporated towik So far as the trustees can ascertain the state law exempts the township. The law says that the county commissioners have limited jurisdiction In making a contract with a tax ferret. Richmond was the first to take ac tion. Cambridge City and Centervllle joined the ranks and it is probable that other incorporated towns will do likewise. If the trustees decide to fol low the example, Mr. Lowe will re ceive a comparatively small commis sion on the total amount of tax paid in as a result of his efforts. His con tract made with the county commis sioners was for 30 percent of all se questered tax turned in, bat since the law provides tnat ne can charge a commission only for the state's and county's proportion of the tax, he will receive 30 percent of these Items alone. Medical statistics show that the ma jority of persons who have the abilU to transmit typdoid germs to others without themselves being affected are women. THE WEATHER. INDIANA Fair Thursday. and continued cold Secretary of the Treasury Recommends That Business Affairs Have No Place in Political Game. HIS ANNUAL REPORT JUST MADE PUBLIC He Says Demoralization in the Customs Service Is Due to Politics An Interesting Document. Washington, Dec. 8. The new secre tary of the treasury in his first report to congress strikes some new notes. Getting away from the routine matters of his department, which usually en gage the attention of a secrlav vhen he sits down to write his reiori Mr. MacVeagh makes some recommenda tions that are likely to attract vide attention. Perhaps the most important of these recommendations is that the public business be divorced from pol itics. He cites specific instances where the divorcement should be made: 1. In the appropriation of money for public buildings and for public works. 2. In the administration of the cus toms service. 3. In the supervision of national banks. 4. In the enactment of new banking and currency legislation. Secretary MacVeagh attributes the present demoralization in the customs service to politics. He says: . "The study of the causes of the demoraliza tion which has been revealed is still incomplete, but the main causes are evident. ; It is clear, for instance, that the influence of local pontics and poli ticians upon the customs service has been most deleterious and has promot ed that laxity and low tone which pre pare and furnish an inviting soil for dishonesty and fraud. A Plea for Economy. "Unless the customs service can b released from the payment of political debts and exactions and from meeting the supposed exigencies of political or ganizations, big and little, It will be! impossible to have an honest service for any length of time. Any consider- able share of the present cost of this demoralization to the public revenues. to the efficiency of the service and to public and private morality is a tre mendous amount to pay in mere liqui dation of the small .debts of political leaders." The secretary makes an urgent ap peal for economy not only in national expenditures, but In state, county an l municipal business. "It Is a favorable opportunity partly created by the in fluence of the deficit to consider the government's outgo, not alone in its totals, but in its details, and to insti tute proper economies," says he. "The time is clearly ripe for wise and judi cious savings In federal expenditure; and if this should be successflly accom plished there is a prospect that the ex ample would influence the overhaul ing of state and municipal expendi tures to the great advantage of the na tion." Discussing the estimates for the fed eral expenditures for the fiscal year be ginning the first of next July, Secreta ry MacVeagh says there are two classes of reductions made in the estimate. One class is of those economies which result from an improved handling of the government work, and from cut ting off expenditures which are discov ered to be avoidable without injury to the service or to the people. Permanent and Wholesome. This class of economies, he says is permanent and undeniably wholesome. The other class consists of postpone ment of expenditures which can be de layed in an effort to adjust immediate expenses and receipts. Such reduc tions he points out are not wholly per manent; but even In these cases the more thorough scrutiny and considera tion which they are receiving and the greater interest in proper saving and economy which marks the present pe riod, will tend to economy and reduc tions. I ne secretary tmnas it would be a great mistake to let this epoch of econ omy discredit itself and come to an untimely end by reason of losing the sense of difference between the redac tions of appropriations "that we are better without and reductions of the appropriations that we are better with. "Extravagance, waste. Ineffi ciency, and poor administration on the one hand." says he. "and too harried or too expensive development of gov ernmental activities on the other hand, can afford savings to the advantage of everybody: but it would be unfortn nate if the enrrent impulses toward true and real economy should go fur ther and seek to curtail any of the wise instruments of the government which are or shall be demanded by the interests of the people." PARENTS MAKE A DENIAL The five days old child of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Ryder, living at 31$ South Fifth street, died this morning, early. under peculiar circumstances, and Cor oner A. L. Bramkamp, following hU investigation, announced death to be due to suffocation. This, however, the parents of the child deny, alleging that some throat affliction, which it has been troubled with since its birth, waj the cause. The child was lying in bed with it3 mother and another woman, who was attending the mother during her ill ness, according to Dr. Bramkamp. At 2 o'clock this morning the child nursed and when the mother awakened again it was found to be dead. . but still warm. Death from this cause is tech nically known as "overlying." The child will be buried tomorrow morn ing. POOH ASK RELIEF FROM SUFFERINGS: DEMAND IS HEAVY Stream of Petitioners Be sieged the Headquarters of The Associated Charities During the Day. DISTRESSING CASES ARE REPORTED DAILY Township Trustee Was Busy Today Giving Out Fuel and Groceries Appeal Made to Local Residents. If you are in sympathy with the movement to relieve the suffering of the worthy poor of the city, send your contributions, either money, clothing, food or fuel, to the Associated Charities headquarters. South Fifth street, between Main and South A streets. The sudden, drop in temperature is a severe blow to the poor of the city who feel the sharp, cruel blasts of winter more keenly today than at any oUier time this season. There has been a constant stream of shivering humanity into the headquarters of the Associated Charities all through the day, soliciting aid from that worthy organization. Large quantities of .nal, clothing and provisions were given out today and yesterday and every ap peal was answered. One particularly distressing case was that of a family by the name of Hopkins on North Fif teenth street. The husband and fath er is ill and unable to work. His two small children were scantily clad. There were no provisions in the house or fuel to supply warmth to the cheerless surroundings. The direful and pathetic conditions of the family were given immediate attention by the association and instant relief was ad ministered. Trustee a Busy Man. There were also many appfals for aid at the township trustee's office, today. Over two tons of coal were donated to the poor before 10 o'clock In ti"S morning and orders for provis ions on many groceries were freely given. Although the present cold wave has caused great suffering among the poor of the city, it was stated by Mrs. Elizabeth Candler of the Associated Charities this morning that there is not as much suffering at present as there was last year at this time. She stated that more men had secured employment this winter and that most of the appeals for help were cases where the head of the family had tak en sick and was unable to provide the necessities for bis wife and child ren. It would be Impossible to at tempt to recount the numerous pathe tic cases encountered by the associa tion in its charitable work. Almost daily a new case comes to light, ap parently more distressing than all the others and the relief work goes on continually. Abdominal surgery first was attemp ted in France In the Fourteenth cen tury, the patients being given an an aesthetic composed of opium and man- dragora. Sc-t wood Is hardened without changing Its color by Impregnating It with a hot solution of an lorn salt and, after collinfc soaking it la hot water glass Levi T. Pennington Earns tfe Right to Represent Earlham At State College Contest Next Year. RICHMOND STUDENTS . MAKE FINE SHOWING t First and Third Places in the Event Won by Local Men Jones Is Second, Jenkins Finished Third. Levi T. Pennington woa the Earlham college oratorical contest last evening with his oration. The Evolution of World "Peace." Tom Jones . was awarded second place and Hugh Jen kins third, by their orations on "John Sobieski- and -The Citisen of the World." respectivelv. Mr. Bmnln. ton will represent Earlham In the col lege state intercollegiate oratorical contest, which will be held at Indian apolis, February 4. The contest last evening was one of triumph for the day students. Two years ago. the first two places were awarded to Richmond students, Walter. R. Miles, first, and Gustave Hoelacaer, second. Mr. Pennington Is the pastor or the South Eighth Street Friends church. Mr. Jones lives with Mr. Sut ton in West Richmond and Mr. Jen kins, although his home is In Oklaho ma, lives In this city while attending Earlham. Jones Was Surprise. The surprise of the evening was the oration by Mr. Jones. "John 8obies 1(1, the Russian-Polish hero, had a forceful exponent In Mr. Jones. His oration was very interesting sad his delivery the best that has been given at the Quaker college by a sophomore In several years. The obscure hero of Poland was painted In a very Impres sive manner and Mr. Jones's delivery was very forceful and earnest. The Evolution of World Peace. by Mr. Pennington is practically the same oration with which be won the state and interstate oratorical peace con tests last spring. Both In Indiana and Chicago be was given first place for his efforts. The oration is a very strong one and an energetic plea for peace. Mr. Pennington bad the delivery down U a fine point After a successful ca reer In the pulpit bis delivery Is unlike the average college orator and more impressive. In the oration the author contends that peace is no longer the dream of the poet, but the realisation of the men of this generation. Jenkins Did Well. Mr. Jenkins, the winner of the third place, is a sophomore at Earlham, bat made his first appearance on the ora torical platform last evening. Ills strongest point was the earnestness of his delivery and the logic of the thought, but his gestures were auto matic. It is doubtful whether the class spir it was ever so high at the college as It was last evening. Since all oratorical contests are In a measure monotonous the several class members gathered in the chapel and announced their presence by giving class and college yells. Most of the noise of the even ing was made by the Junior class mem bers who won first place In yelling, even though their representative In the contest was awarded no place. The seniors had a small crowd of three men, who would now and then break the silence by letting loose a yeiL Perley J. Denman. a senior, acted as the presiding officer and the following men acted as judges: President Robert L. Kelly. Professors Allen IX Hole, W. O. MendenbaU and Elbert Russell, and Gath Freeman, of thm city. The program for the contest follows: Piano Solo MlssWDeoa The Citizen of the World" .... Hugh Jenkins The Evolution of Warld Peace"... Levi T. Pennington The Illiterate Immigrant" D. A. Hawortm Violin Solo Miss Ward The Fraternal Spirit of Modern In dustry Chester C. Haworth "John SobiesU" T. Else Jones -Child Labor" .... Robert T. Pretlow AGED FARMER DEAD (Palladium Special) Milton. Dec. 8. Peter Wlssler, ages 82. a well known farmer living two miles east of Milton died this morning at 8 o'clock from pneumonia after aa nines of a few days. Mr. , Wlssler has lived on the farm on, which he died for 75 years. He was not s mem ber of any church or fraternal otgnn ization. He was a prominent sad well thought of citizen. He is survived by one son. Wlllard. and two sisters. Mrs. Martha Watts and Miss Elisabeth Wlssler. The fu neral will be held Friday morning at the Franklin church, two Biles csgt cf Milton.