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THE RICHMOND PA1XADIU3I AND SUN TELEGRA3I, SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 6, IOIO.
PAGE THREE. JUVENILE COURT WORK A PROVEN SUCCESS A Review of the Past Ten Years' Efforts in This Country Proves that the State Is Becom ing Protector of the Delinquent Child Prevention of Crime Rather Than the Punishment of Wrong-doing Is the Mew Watchword. Before a pretentious bar of Justice and a begowned and frowning judge stands a ten-year old "criminal" charg ed with crap shooting. A burly police man is at his side and behind him with attentive ears, eits a court room half filled with listeners eager to see what "the kid will get." Another half dozen frightened boys are waiting their turn on the docket. The prison er pleads "not guilty" and after every small detail of the child's story is told to the listening idlers, sentence is sus pended on the ground of insufficient evidence. Next time the Court may not be so lenient. Through the court room the boy is led and outside he meets the rest of the gang. Mos; of them have been through the mill be fore and all have learned to hate and fear the Judge and the court as much as they hate and fear the policeman on the beat. This is a daily scene in the Children's Court of Manhattan, New York city. Across the bridge in Brooklyn, another boy is being tried for a simi lar offense. In a plainly furnished room sit the judge and the boy, a plea of "guilty" or "not guilty" is not en tered and there are no spectators, ex cepting perhaps a probation officer and the child's parents. The judge talks over the case with the boy, tries to show him that it will be much better to tell the whole truth, convinces him if possible that he Is his friend and adviser and then when the prisoner is discharged without an overhanging sentence, places him in the care of a probation officer who visits the home and endeavors to get the boy's regard and confidence to start "a process of education by constructive friendship," as one probation officer puts it. These are two examples of two Juve nile Courts that have developed in this country within the past 1 years, the former still clinging to the old idea of punishment, and the latter going a little further and becoming counselor instead of inquistor. A special number of The Survey, New York, out today, reviews for the first time the work of this "kid's court." Judge Lindsey, of Denver, Before the time of the Juvenile Court the criminal law did not differentiate between the adult and the minor who had reached the age of "criminal re sponsibility" seven at common law in some states and ten in others, with a possible chance of escape up to 12 if the child were lacking in mentality The whole idea of the old method was to punish wrongdoing. The chad was arrested, clapped into jail, indicted by a grand jury, tried by a petit jury, and if found guilty, sentenced to prison with adult offenders from whom les sons in crime were easily learned, if the boy happened to be ready to learn, as most boys are. Since the first court was established of Boston; Bernard, of Louisville; Henry W. Thurston, of Chicago; Homer Folks, of New York, and Vic tor Von Borosini, of Berlin, tell what this new court is doing for the delin quent child. Ten years of life has by no means made the Juvenile Court in the United States a perfect institution, but in a good many states, it has changed the entire procedure against the boy. The State has stepped in as a guardian because of the inability or unwilling ness of natural parents to assume the responsibility and is applying the judi cial "slipper" mixed with wholesome advice that means a lot more to a boy than a trip in "the wagon" alongside a clever crook. rc mv v J II undecided where, when and how to get a single piece ol fur- i niture or an entire suite, come to this store now. Prices more in your favor than ever before. Our Special Offering is February Ready It is special because it is unusually low priced, and be cause we've bent all our energies to obtaining the new est and best from the leading makers, solid, substan tial, as well as artistic. Visit our Bedding Department nowhere will you find more value than in this practical sleep department. $60.00 Brass Beds, now $48 00 $47.00 Brass Beds, now $39 00 $25.00 Brass Beds, now $19 80 $22.00 Brass Beds, now $17 85 Judge Mack, of Chicago; Judge Baker. ln Chicago in !. about SO per cent. or the boys put on probation in that city have not returned to the court. Of the delinquent girls only 5-" per cent, have not shown up again in court, a pretty plain evidence that the social agencies of the cities are not filling the girls' wants. But taking the sit uation as a whole the evidence is strong, not only in Chicago, but in every city where juvenile court legis flation has been introduced, that ne glected. dependent and delinquent chil dren are better and more rationally cared for under the new method. Just what sort of procedure is it that the youngster goes through in a mod ern juvenile court? Take the case of a truant, whose hard working mother has l03t hold on her boy who has been running wild for weeks and finally is brought to the juvenile court by a truant officer. The judge sends the boy to the "dentention home" where he is kept until the time for the hearing. In this home, preferably apart from the court house or jail, the boy is put at some congenial work with opportu nity for some recreation, or perhaps sent to school, if the detention home is run on the right principles. In Chi cago's detention home not only are school facilities provided, but voca tional training is also given, all of which raises the question of the extent to which vocational training in the public schools would prevent delin quency. In Chicago the average period of de tention is six days, in Cleveland five days, and less in other cities. In New York all children taken into custody within the boroughs of Manhattan and Bronx are held in the building of the Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Children for periods varying from a day to several months before they are brought to the Children's Court. And notwithstanding this large period .of detention no real effort is made to pro vide rational occupation for the leis ure time. Pittsburg has the distinction of holding its children in the county jail, where they are fed on jail fare served by trusties. In connection with this court, the clinic or child study department has justified itself. Here the boy or girl is given a medical examination, for experience has shown that juvenile de linquency and physical defect are close ly related. The examination has been limited, except In unusual cases, to cer tain measurements and weight that may throw light on the condition of the child, and to the eyes, ears, nose throat, teeth and skin. While the boy is in the detention home awaiting a hearing, a probation officer visits his home, looks up the history of the lad, his heredity, his environment, his associations, how he came to be a truant and what can be done to get his started right. And so when the boy is brought before the judge that official is able to take him in charge, not so much to punish as to reform, not to degrade, but to uplift, not to crush, but to develop, to make him a worthy citizen but not a crimi nal. When the English children's bill was under debate in the House of Com mons, this defense was made by a sup porter of the measure: "We want to say to the child that if the world or the world's law has not been his friend in the past, it shall be now. We say that it is the duty of this parliament and that this parliament is determined to lift, if possible and rescue him, to shut the prison door, and to open the door of hope." At best -the work of the Juvenile Court is palliative. Here, as in all modern work for sot ial betterment, prevention is the vital thing. Judge Mack, formerly of the Chicago Juve nile Court, says that we are not "open ing the door of hope" to the delinquent child when "we fail not merely to up root the wrong, but to implant in place of it the positive good. We must study thoroughly the underlying causes of juvenile delinquency in order to apply these preventive and positive measures." A Kidney Care You Can Bank On Prove the Treatment Before You Pay For It. Your Druggist Has a Free Sample Package For You. Kidney diseases justly produce in tense fear in the hearts of those af flicted with it. for unless treated promptly by the right method the? usually end fatally. Every sufferer from kidney or blad der trouble may thank science for the new treatment, Dr. Derby's Kidnev Pills. Dr. Derby's Kidney Pills are re markable. They straighten up laiue backs every time and right off. Every man and woman can prove it without cost. Xo matter how badly or despon dent you feel about your case, if you have back pains, bladder pains, iiright's disease, diabetes, or rheuma tism in any form, do not worry an in stant longer. Go to your druggist and et a package of Dr. Derby's Kidnev Pills 60 pills ten days' treatment 25 cents. If you want to prove first that all these statements are true, tell your druggist to give you a free sample package. Try them and be convinced. At Local Theaters MATTRESSES 60 lb. $16.50 Felt Mattresses, now $ 3 75 50 lb. $15.00 Felt Mattresses, now 80 45 lb. $12.00 Felt Mattresses, now g g gQ 45 lb. $10.00 Felt Mattresses, now g g qq You're Always Welcome ' Cor. 9th and Main Sts. The Palace Theater for Tuesday, Wednesday, Thurs day will show pictures on the Panama canal also lecture by Mr. Wayne 0. Adams, a former I engineer and forman on the Isthmus of Panama. Very in structive. 2t LrCRBTTAt Juat learned that Gold Medal Flour U !fted tn timet ttirouc rtnrtt nilk. ErnKxrv For the first time in this city the the ater goprs of Richmond will have an opportunity to see an dhear the much talked about Miss Ethel May in her marvelous work, which is almost be yond belief and when yo uhave seen and heard her answer your questions and call your name with gatling gun rapidity, you are more surprised and astounded than ever. Miss May will be her all next week at the Gennett theater with the Allen Stock company, appearing at each performance during the engagement. As for the dramatic part of the company, no effort nor ex pense has been spared in giving this company a sumptuous stage equip ment as well as the best talent money can buy. A repertoire of new all roy alty plays, and a different one at each performance. Monday matinee thev open the engagement with "A Girl of the Streets," a very pretty drama. Mon day night "Out of Death Valley." Spe cial scenery, stage settings and electric al effects are carried by the company. Don't fail to ask Ethel May a question, she is the most talked about woman in recent years and her marvelous work baffles the most scientific experts, even the skeptical are unable to explain the manner in which her work is accom plished. On Friday afternoon Miss May gives a special matinee for ladies only after the regular matinee. Prices daily matinees starting Monday, 10c; night, 10, 20 and SO c. Ladies admit ted free Monday night under the usual conditions. "Fluffy Ruffles." Several years ago the Xew York Her ald Introduced a most charming young lady to an admiring public which only increased its approval with each new appearance of their idol. This young lady, who. of course is none other than Fluffy Ruffles, will be seen at the Gennett theater on Thursday, Febru ary 17th, being most daintily portray ed by Miss Florence Gear. "Golden Girl." It is so unusual a thing for every newspaper critic in Chicago to agree unanimously with his brothers as to the merits of a musical comedy that the fact that this rara avis occurred in the one instance of the first per formance of 'The Golden Girl." that it should be loudly proclaimed: but when these same papers continue to re view it for the second and third tim. it must indeed be a play of more than ordinary worth. Such was the case with this big Chicago success. Here are a few excerpts from the Chicago dailies concerning its premiere: "This new play seems to be the best in all its parts of anything yet produc ed at the Lasalle. The play jumps from the gay quib to passibe jest with the agility of a mountain goat. The score contains several big song hits. The production is well staged." Burns Mantle Chicago Tribune. "The spectacular effects, gorgeous costuming and general brightness of this new musical comedy fairly took the audience off its feet." Amie Les lie, Chicago Daily News. 1i swU" 8t- HcuSbsP. j GEMMETT 6-DAYS-6 Commencing MONDAY AFTERNOON FEB. 7th DAILY MATINEES MONDAY NIGHT "HumanSlaves" LADIES FREE MONDAY NIGHT Usatl CJtti:3 ETHEL m St GIOL ff AND THE Presenting a Line ot High Class Royalty Plays Be Sure To Ask Miss May A Question INCLUDING Girl of the Streets. A Hunan Slav. The Stranger, Heart of Virginia. Fate. Persian Prircess. Out of Death Val ley. The Blue and the Gray. A Prison er of War, The Man Outside. St. Elmo, Salome. SPECIAL MATIXEE MONDAY SEATS NOW SELLING. PRICES 10c, 20c and 30c Matinee For Ladies Only Friday lion. With the motion pictures a bis program is assured all patrons of the Murray theater this week. "Gentleman From Mississippi." Burr Mcintosh will be seen at the Gennett theater on Wednesday. Feb ruary Itith, in the title role of "A Gen tleman from Mississippi." a bright lit tle play by Harrison Rhodes and Thos. Wise. The comedy is clever and thor oughly dean, and the well drawn char acters of the quaint Missippian and the alort irrepressible young newspaper man are lovable in the extreme. In fact, the whole play has made such a hit that the managers. Messrs. Brady and Grismer declare it to be one of their best money makers. C. W. Jordan. Chas. G. Blanchard. Daniel F. McManus. Charles G. Blanchard, Licensed Em- 1 balmer, of IS years" experience, is with Jordan, McManus A. Blanchard, Funeral Directors. Par'ora at 1014 Main Strft. Telephone 2175. Pri- vate Chapel for ten ices. Public Am hulance. FOB FEDERAL PROBE I FRITZ KRIII.T. rw m m. a. m a leacner 01 me An 01 Mca- iog. Indianapolis, 17 East North SI. Richmond Slarr Piano Parlors, every Monday P (American News Service) Xew York. Feb. 5. A federal inves tigation of the steamer Kentucky dis aster today was declared to be inevi table. The board of steamship Inspec tion will handle the case, after the probing has been ordered. The condi tion of the ill-fated vessel, which rom pelled her to put into Newport News, leaking badly, when she had complet ed less than 200 miles of her 14.000 mile trip from New York to Seattle, and her bad condition immediately aft er she had been repaired and inspect ed, resulting in her mates leaving to day were the Cause of much discus sion in official circles whose juris diction touches on the merchant marine. CHICHESTER S PILLS W0- THK DIAMOND BRAND. v ! IrMleal Amu Jour Dragflil for a ht-ebM-ter IH.moiTXTtrmndVVX Fills in Ke4 sad 4ieM metaliicV t'Oies. teule.l with Blue Ribbon. Take no other. Kmr of rrnir V frMfftat. AskfnrrilI-4-iri:N-TFBfl BIAllO.Mt HHA.ND PILL. f. & yean known as Best, Safest. Always Reliable, SOLD BY DRUGGISTS EVERYWHERE em INSURE With E. B. Knollenberg Room 6 Knollenberg Annex Tiw Flower Shop 1010 Main SI. Phone 1002 New Murray Theatre APPROVED VAUDEVILLE WEEK OF FEBRUARY 7 1A DARK KNIGHTS Singing and Dancing Festival. Matinee, any seat, 10c. Evening performances, 7:40 and 9:00. Prices, 10, 15 and 20c. Loge seats, 25c. TRY JUST ONE BOTTLE OF COMMONS' FUHE EflDLfi We might tell you that we. pro duce and handle our milk, scien tifically that we are sune it is pure, because we watch it from the time it is produ--d until it is delivered but Rive it a trial and you will say you can abk.for noth ing better. Our wagons pass your door Commons Dairy Company 9 S. 5th SI. Phone 1188 TRY OUR $4.00 SOFT COAL Guaranteed to Be Clear ol Slale and Clinkers. H. C. BULLERDICK & SON 529 S. FIFTH. PHONE 1235 mmnini FsIsilHicDinisill US si en Ik. Capital and Surplus: (IDodDdDodDdD We Solicit If our IBtaoineoo Whether ILrstrge or Small Wo IPay Interest on Time (Certifiesvtes of HDcpooit At the Murray. If the fact that a company has trav eled extensively and has received many statements of commendation then the Ten Darks should prove to be one of the most popular acts for the patrons of Vaudeville. Jack Smith is fea tured and is supported by Messrs. Granger. Collins, Warfield, Johnson. Scott, Alexander. Mobley. Smith and Bozan. At the home of Deacon Jones are presented srenes that always prove interesting. Plenty of comedy Is on j the bill this wees; rTint. George & Co., Lampe Brothers and The Musical Chink. "A Midnight Mishap" is an act which must produce laughter throughout. Just think of -dummy" a negro who has not had a meal for a long time, playing the part of a braTe Philippine officer, and then being in a room when a ghost suddenly appears. "Si and his Mule. Maud" a rural come dy sketch, put on by Lampe Brothers. Billy Ray, the musical Chink, ia too well known to need any recommend- PALAB TTMBATOa I TUESDAY, WEDNESDAY, THURSDAY LECTURE AMD PDCTURES ON THE PANAMA CANAL Mr. Wayne O. Adams, foreman and engineer on the Isthmus for three years will deliver his famous lecture on -The Truth About the Panama Canal." 150 superb stereopticon views in colors and 1.500 feet of Panama Moving Pictures including pictures of the work, labor conditions, sanitary problems, etc. Parents, bring your children it will be a part of their education. ADMISSION 5c and 10c