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THE RICHMOND PALLADIUM AXD SUN-TELEGRAM, SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 13. 1910. Of Interest to (This matter must not. be reprinted win. out special permlbaion.J A NEW ARSENICAL SPRAY. Id view of the fear which is felt b. some orchrirdists as to the effects oi their fruit trees resulting from a cod thiued use of arsenate of lead as a Insecticide in their spraying opera tions from an accumulation of arsenic in the soil and' 'because of the fear felt in some other quarters as to the effect on the public health of an ex tensive spraying of trees and fruit ! with arsenic lead compounds, keen i interest will be felt in the work of two French scientists, Vermorel and ; Dantony, who, with a view to over coming the cr-ngers referred to, have conducted extensive experiments the past three years in the use of ferrous arsenate as a substitute for arsenate of lead and with a remarkable degree of success. The solution which they have used is made as follows: Twenty ounces of arsenate of soda are dis solved in five gallons of water, mak ing solution A. Twenty ounces of Iron sulphate are also dissolved in five gallons of water, making solution B. Solution B is poured into solution A gradually, with continued stirring. Toward the end of the operation the mixture should be tested with potas sium ferrocyanide test paper, and when this turns blue no more of solution B should be poured in, as It is Important not to have too great an excess of the iron sulphate. The combination should then be diluted to fifty gallons. Be sides ten ounces of ferrous arsenate, It will contain also some sulphate of soda and ferrous hydrate. When in contact with the air the ferrous arse nate turns greenish, while In con tact with the air the ferrous hydrate turns to ferric hydrate, which is the best antidote against arsenical poison ing. The general color of the spray is a dirty green and cannot be mis taken for any other product. The ex perimenters found the spray very ad hesive; that when used twice as strong as the above prescription there was no burning of the foliage, while at half strength It had an effect as an insecticide equal to the usual formula of arsenate of lead. Moreover, the foliage of trees sprayed with the fer rous arsenate looked healthier and of a darker green than those treated with other sprays. Besides the advan tages mentioned adhesiveness. Insecti cide value, freedom from burning, a characteristic color and the presence of an antidote with the poison would be the cheapness of the product, ow ing to the low cost of sulphate of iron as compared with acetate of lead. THE LIME-SULPHUR SPRAY. Last summer, when it was too late to apply it effectively, the writer had an Inquiry from a Pennsylvania read er asking for the formula for making the lime-sulphur spray used in com bating (he San Jose scale, which had appeared in his orchard. For the ben efit of this reader and any others who may have to tight this pest we give be low the formula and how to prepare it. This spray should be applied to the trees while the buds are dormant, preferably during the months of Feb- ; ruary and March. To make fifty gal- t Ions of the spray mixture fifteen pounds of lime and fifteen pounds of sulphur are required. Many include fifteen pounds of salt, but recent ex periments show that this adds no par- j ticular value. To prepare the mixture ! fresh stone lime should be slaked to a whitewash; then add the sulphur, which has been made into a paste by means of hot water. The mixture should theu be stirred thoroughly and boiled for two hours, when enough hot water should be added to bring the t whole mixture up to fifty gallons, j jsest results wui oe naa u tne spray is used.ja-bile hot. Tpirc.vent a. clogslqg i.4or every use m preserving, purifying and beautifying the skin, scalp, hair and hands of infants, children end adults, Cuticura Soap snd Cuticura Okitment have no rivals worth menKoning. For af fections of the skin and scalp cf young end old that tor ture, disfigure, itch, burn, cruet and scale, they succeed when all else foils. Poll tbronchont t imf.A. TVnotvvT.M'fcn. 27. r"r-.!irtT..iu5 si . 1-ar.i. 10. Hue d i ( uunM jl-Antia: Australia. K loirna t o . Rvdnry; lalia. II K. Pxtil. t.cu!ti; Ch;n. llouff Kosf DntlUl Jcijn. Manirv 1 ;d . Tokio; So ACrtrm, Lcnnon. ltd .CDToicn.i.; V.H A . Pottw Dm) Cbcsa, Com . bo! Pro-.. 13 C"lumtu Ato., Bortos. C rCP-s-o Cutler- Booktet. pewt-fre. teUS a&vu; fcod 'iiiUiiciit oi bain ta4 tic&lp. . MM et?' lf TTfc (tej ft imp the Farmers of the spra., uozzle "by particles lime the mixture should be straim through a twenty mesh brass strain? or two thicknesses of gunny sackin before being poured into the spra;. tank. The liquid should be applied t the trees under high pressure, so as t give a finely divided spray, and a: parts of the trunk and limbs should b reached. PRACTICAL CO-OPERATION. Two Minnesota Holstein breeders hi upon a very sensible plan when iifpui chasing sires for their herds tbey du bo with the agreement to exohangt aires at the end of two years so as U prevent inbreeding. The plan works well with two breeders and would give just as satisfactory results and cover a much longer period if froc four to six breeders were to co-operate in it, each buying a good sire and pass ing it oil to his neighbor at the end of the time mentioned and in turn re ceiving one from his neighbor. In tin older dairy sections of the country this plan Is followed to quite an extent and with very satisfactory results, for it permits a sire to remain lu a neigh borhood long enough to demonstrate beyond question the type and capacity of his get. Professor Willard of the North Da kota experiment station has lately completed a soil map which should be of practical value to every Intelligent farmer and landowner of that state. Sensible parents will keep the sick cat and dog confined in some place away from the little children who may be In the home. A sick cat often transmits disease, while no one ever knows when a sick dog is going to run amuck. Thirty Inches of snow on a level in most of the north, central and eastern states, accompanied by blockade of railroads, scarcity of fuel and intense cold, suggests the fact that the cli mate has not changed enough so that we are rid of the "old fashioned win ter." Latest reports show that there are now in operation throughout the coun try 40,004 rural mall routes, aggre gating more than 1,000,000 miles and serving about 20.000.000 patrons. To date the innovation has cost the gov ernment $170,000,000. The system lacks about $17,000,000 a year of being self maintaining. If there is any one condition that a dairy or meat animal should be spared during the winter months it is a wet and nasty place in which to rest at night. Not only does such a condition mean lack of comfort for the animals, but they are likely to produce or ag gravate tubercular tendencies and any other ailment that Is promoted by dampness and filth. The apple maggot is a pest which af fects this fruit in some sections of Maine, and it is said to be infinitely worse than the larvae of the codling moth, as many of the maggots will in fest a single apple and often entirely honeycomb it. One of the worst fea tures in connection with the pest seems to be that It cannot be readily reached by the arsenical sprays which are so effective in holding the codling moth in check. Often the stand still condition of the house fern or palm is due to the roots having completely occupied all of the available space In the pot. In such case the plant should be removed from the pot, placed in a larger receptacle and new soil added, with such fer tilizer as the particular plant may need. Where the plant looks rather tough it is sometimes advisable to cut the leaves or body back rather sharp ly, thus inducing a rapid growth of new stuff. It is entirely in place to talk of a conservation of forest and water power resources, but far transcending this is an agitation looking to such handling of the rich soils to be found almost anywhere as will result in a conserva tion of their fertilizing elements, those factors that really give them worth as Roils. Could the loss which we have sustained in this regard be known and the figures representing it be express ed in black and white it would be a total staggering belief. One of the best features connected with the agricultural short courses which are being conducted by agricul tural college instructors at important points in their respective states is not only that It gives practical agricul tural instruction condensed and sim plified for the benefit of those not used to technical study, but it arouses in many a bright boy and girl a desire to know more about the subjects pre sented, thus influencing them to take the more extended courses at the state agricultural college. The short course is thus a sort of agricultural entree, whetting the appetite for a good square meal. Next in importance to having the right kind of soil In proper tilth is the point of securing seed for such soil that is of strong vitality and free from weed seeds and other adultera tions. Small grains, especially oats, should be given a thorough cleaning in a fanning mill under a good blast of wind. If the hand mill will not do this work the way it ought to be done one can hire the cleaning done at small cost at the elevator. If tbre is question about the vitality of seed which seems to be plump and ought to grow it is an easy matter to test it by spreading a representative handful between a couple of sheets of blotting paper and keeping the seed warm and moist for a few days. Should a con siderable per cent of the sample not grow it would indicate that a larger per cent would need to be sown to se cure the necessary stand. Wounds that may have been made on the trunks and low branches of fruit trees by the gnawing of rabbits and mice will heal more readily if the spots are covered with grafting wax. which will exclude the air and mois ture XW may .be made. by. melting togefh:"four 'parts of rosm; t. parts: of beeswax and one part of tallow,; When melted the mixture should be thoroughly stirred until cold, or It may be poured while warm into a pall or rub of cold water. When it has cool ed sufficiently to handle the hands should be greased with tallow and the mass pulled and worked until it be- f comes quite light in color. It may then , be made into balls or sticks of conven- j lent size and is ready for use. It should be warmed slightly to work well. Where the wound to be treated) Is large very good results may be had j by dipping strips of cotton cloth In liquid grafting wax and winding it spirally about the trunk, allowing the edges to overlap so as to make the wrapping as nearly air tight as possi ble. We have h'ld injured trunks heal completely under such a covering at i this. If the hens should scratch the cover ing from the strawberry bed during i the coining three or four weeks the bare spots should be recovered, as it is the iate winter and early spring freezing that plays smash with tho plants. The feed for brood animals of what ever kind should be flesh and bone building rather than fat forming. On this account the corn should be re duced to a minimum and oats. bran, barley, peas, alfalfa and clover sub stituted. It is a compliment to the native strength of soil that it will grow even weeds. It is just as great a co'mpli meut to the soil and a good deal great er one to the fellow who works It If it produces some more useful crop than weeds. We saw a team of $400 horses the other day which had been driven to town all a-sweat and were allowed to stand without blanketing. The man who is compelled to buy such a team will concede that this kind of treat ment is likely to prove a bit expen sive. There are quite a good many things to take into account in getting ready for the spraying campaign, and for this reason preparations should be made some time before the actual work is begun. Not only should the chemicals be on hand for the various solutions which are to be used, but the spray tank. hose, cutoff, nozzle, etc.. should be carefully inspected. The check habit is a mighty good habit to get into not only because it means that a fellow who uses a check book has money In the bank, but also that when a bill has been paid by check not only the stub, but the can celed check, serve as conclusive evi dence that the account for which it was drawn has been paid. More men ought to have money in the bank, and more ought to use check books. Some observations which have been made by the poultry department of the Maine Agricultural college show that eggs from hens kept in houses with curtain Instead of tight board fronts are not only more fertile, but produce a larger per cent of 6trong chicks. This is attributed to the fact that with the curtain front the houses are better ventilated and result in a more vigor ous physical condition on the part of the heus, which accounts for eggs of greater vitality. Every orchard owner who would at tain best results in the management of his trees should spray them at the proper season for the several pests which may affect them, and to do this most effectively he should have in his possession the sprajing calendar is sued by his state experiment station. This not only tells when to spray and how, but gives the formulas for the spray mixtures which should be used for the several kinds of fruit trees and shrubs and how to prepare them. Such bulletins are suited to the sea sonal needs of the states in which they are published. Not infrequently the cow in the herd that gives the largest flow of milk may be the most unprofitable, due to her large, consumption of. food and the MY KIDNEYS ARE KILLING ME! Martyrs to Kidney and Bladder Trou ble Try This Remarkable New Treatment, Free. Here is a treatment for kidney and bladder diseases and rheumatism that is absolutely guaranteed, that is safe, and positive, and that you can test yourself without investing one penny. It is a new .scientific, safe, powerful cleanser of the kidneys. The new treatment , Dr. Derby's Kidney Pill3. will save your kidneys, upon which your very life depends. i If you have crucifying or dull pains in the back, Bright'? disease, diabetes , rheumatism in any form, pain in the bladder, profuse or scanty urination, or discolored, foul urine, do not let the day go by without getting a package of Dr, Derby's Kidney Pills and see a tremendous difference in yourself in 24 hours. If you want to try them first tell any druggist to give you a free, sample package. Dr. Derby's Kidney Pills GO pills 10 days' treatment 25 cents at drug stores, or we will supply you if your druggist hasn't them. Address Der by Medicine Co.. Dept. 12, Eaton Rap ids, Mich. lo vVpef teat butter fat In her ml" Cows vary from 2.75 to 6 per cent i bntter fat showing, and the only acei. rate way of telling where on the seal they belong is to apply the Babcock bntter fat test. It may te a bit ban to act on the results of the test an dispose of animals that are not paying for their keep previously supposed t. be money makers, but it is the only course to follow If a fellow is in the dairy business for the money there Is In it rather than for glory and health. Perhaps no figures that have lately been published give a better Idea of the ruthless destruction of our timber resources as a country than the static tics of the cut of white plue and in cluded species for the year 1908. Tha year the cut was less by S47.7S7.0CXi feet than that of the preceding season or a decrease of 20.2 per cent. In 190. Minnesota, which for several years past has led in white pine production, produced 448.512.000 feet less than in 1907. Wisconsin ranked second in tb cut of white pine, while Michigan, which in years gone by used to lea! all states, was outranked by three New England states which were strip ped years ago. but are now coming to the front with a second growth of pine. The Kansas experiment station re cently concluded some experiments with a view to determining the cost of egg production. Two pens of fowls were taken, one of White Plymouth Rocks and the other of White leg horns. Tab was kept on the heus be tween Feb. 1 and Oct. 1. 1000. The best two hens In its first pen laid 181 and 174 eggs each respectively, the average of the whole pen being 143 eggs per hen. The total cost of feed for this pen was $8.81. receipts from eggs sold ?23.5G. leaving a profit over cost of feed of $17.75. or about $1.61 per hen for the eight months. While the best hen In the pen of White Leghorns made a record of only 172 eggs, the average of the whole pen was 152 eggs. In the case of the Leghorns the cost of the feed was about a cent less per month, while the net profit on eggs above cost of feed was $1.81 per hen. SAILOR PLOTS TO STEAL GOLD CARGO But the Officers of the Liner Seize Him and Put Him in Irons. CAPTAIN MARKED TO DIE GALICIA'S MEN TELL HOW ONE OF THEIR COMRADES PLANNED SAILING THE SHIP TO SOUTH AMERICAN WATERS. New York, Feb. 12. After several weeks of well-sustained secrecy, a tale of pirate gold has leaked from the of fices of the Hamburg-American Line and a story of a plot to assassinate the captain and all other officers of the steamship Galicia. in order that $800, 000 shipped by a banking firm, might be stolen, hasjut been told. The leader of the plot is now in prison at Hamburg, but he might have been in the wilds of South America with a fortune as large as anything Captain Kidd ever stole on the Span ish Main. It was on the same old main that this modern pirate expected to work out his plot for fruition. He made the mistake of taking into his confidence a man who had no romance or daring in his soul, and the plot was revealed to harsh German, officers who put him in irons. The Galicia is safely in port now, unloading peacefully at the Bush docks In Brooklyn. Her officers feel relieved, for they believe they had a narrow escape. When they locked Peter Nieman in a Hamburg jail they rolled a great burden off their should ers. Vessel Sails With $800,000. It was Nov. 9 that the vessel, a freighter, sailed from New York. One of her cosignments was the $800,000 in gold shipped by Amsinck & Co., German bankers and merchants, at 6 Hanover Square. The first report that came from the vessel was that the fortune amounted to $1,800,000, but the bankers denied that. "Why, what is the matter?" they asked today when told about the pir ate, "We know that the money has reached Hamburg." Peter Nieman, who shipped as an able seaman, it was learned later had been a cowboy in the West. He might have been more than a cowboy, too. It was at least evident to Chief Officer Danielzeet that he knew little about the sea. They had not been long out of New York before it became plain Nieman was not a sailor. Neverthe less, he went to work and was willing to learn. He moved about among the members of the crew and got well ac quainted with them. Seaman Learns of Gold. "In some way," said Danielzett, "this man Nieman had learned that there was a large amount of gold on the vessel. Inasmuch as it was lock ed up near Captain Bormeister's state room, it seemed to be safe. The cap tain held the key and there was no way to get Into the safe without mak ing a noise that all the officers would have heard. That made Nieman the more desperate. "fter he got acquainted with mem bers of the crew he took them aside ! and told them of the shipment of gold. He suggested to some of them a plan to get it Most of them, we learned , later, repulsed him. Finally he got; I - A We're selling belter if can buy elsewhere, sell that makes our buying power so formidable. We're increasing our reputation daily. We back up every purchase you make. We're placing our merchandise in the very best homes for mil s around. We're provided tor your wants. What you want is here, and at a price to make the opportunity golden. I: HANDSOME BUFFETS Beautiful finished pieces in ail the new finishes. Special values. Were $19.00, now g 5 75 Were $25.00, now g g QQ Were $30.00, now $24 00 Were $55.00, now $4600 hold of a sailor named Geidecker, and this man listened. Whether he meant to go through with the plot we don't know. At any rate he saved our lives and the gold. "He agreed to take part in the plan if Nieman could show him that the job could be done. Then Nieman said he had stolen an ax from the carpenter's room and secreted it in the forecastle. He said he knew where there was an other ax which Geidecker might get. Nieman explained to him that the job could be handled with ease. Plans Wholesale Murder. "He said that each would take an ax and at night slip into the captain's room. Captain Bormeister since dead was to have been killed by Nie man, while Geidecker was to have slain me. Nieman would then go to the bridge, approaching the officer there on the plea that the captain had sent him. and it would be easy to kill him. After that they proposed that with the revolvers of the officers the mem bers of the crew who showed fight could be driven back. Some would join them, the others might be shot. At any rate, they would be able to make the coast of South America, burn the vessel and get away with the gold. "We were off Pernambuco the day Nieman told Geidecker that the night when the assassination should be un dertaken was coming. The man came to us and told of the plot. Captain Bormeister went out with a pair of Irons to the forecastle and, after a desperate .fight, we took the man. It took ten of us to hold him." That ended the plot. Nieman was handed over to the civil authorities in Hamburg and was sent to prison. The money reached the German bankers to whom it had been sent and the ship started on her voyage back. Company Makes Denial. Notwithstanding the circumstantial story related by Officer Danielzeit and other members of the Galicia's crew, officials of the Hamburg-American Line deny that there was any such plot. Emll Boas, resident director of the steamship company, said that the story was manufactured. Mr. Boas said that, while some gold had been shipped on the steamer, there had been no mutiny among the crew for the purpose of misappropriat ing the treasure or any part of it. The bankers who shipped the gold de clared that the treasure had not been the subject of a plot of any kind, so far as they knew. A Sksptic ' The conversation had tun.ed upon the supernatural, and some of thos-e ; present expressed a belief in spirits ' or ghosts. "Ghosts r exclaimed one old lady i scornfullj: "I don't take any stock j la them. If 70a die and go to the j good place It Isn't likelj that you'd want to waddle back to this poor rale of trouble, while if you go to the bad place you'll be kept there." J&SSr Dr.Davis 3?g AWTI- HEADACHE You can obtain prompt relief from Backache and Kidney Disorders with a 50c Box of DAVIS KID-NE-TABS. Druggists or Fred C Keeling, Chica go, III. furniture and housemrnishinis than ycu and at lower prices. Pretty Tartar Rockers Choice from our whole stock. The prettiest Rockers you ever saw. Here are a few: $4.00 Rocker, now $320 $4.50 Rockers, now $370 $6.00 Rockers, now QQ $10.50 Rockers, nov...gg Q MAKE YOUR CHOICE TODAY You're Always Welcome 9th and Main Sts. Diseases! Female Diseases, Loss of VI talltjr from Indiscretions. Plies. Fistu la. Fissure and Ulceration of tho Reo turn, without detention from bustnaaa. RUPTURE POSITIVELY CURED AND GUARANTEED. 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CON KEY DRUG CO., Cor. Ninth and Main Streets. -It It's Filled at Conkey's. It's Right nsffirj 3 per cent. nsjBQ WJ ON SAVINGS JflBJ TOT !h (PMlill HIT AD It's the quantity we DIKING TABLES Remarkable Table value, fine ly made and well finished. $10.50 Tables. now...f Q QQ $16.50 Tables. now-- $3 QQ $22.00 Tables, now. . $ Q QQ $45.00 Tables, now---$$5 QQ J DR. J. A. WALLS. THE SPECIALIST 21 Somtfc Teat SU Office days Monday. Tacsday. Friday Saturday at each week. mm Consultation and on. month's Treatment Fro. TIIEATS DISEASES OP THE THROAT. 1.TJNOS. K1DNKYS. LIVEH and BLADDER, RHEUMATISM. DYSPEPSIA and DISEASES OF THE BLOOD. Kpt Ipdsv (or falltite fits). Cancer. Prlvat. and Nervous Teddy Go-Carl A large, roomy cart with plenty of spring, padded seat and back. Folds with one motion. Has foot brake, auto matic hood and adjustable foot rest. $4.98 and op Weiss Antique Furniture Co. 519 Main Street need of anything in the Drag line.