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The Richmond palladium and sun-telegram. [volume] (Richmond, Ind.) 1907-1939, August 14, 1910, Image 6

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Of Interest to
This 'mMr must 'not b. raprlntad with,
out pclal parmiaaion.1
A reader of tbtse notes living near
Palmyra, 111., writes stating that be
baa a fire acre tract of bottom ground
a black sandy loam wbicb never
packs wbicb produces orns talks big
enough to yield 100 bushels per acre,
but from which be is able to busk
only fifty bushels. He further states
that the tract has been cultivated
about six years. Is always well tended
and kept free from weeds. He would
like to know wbst this condition of
things low yield from apparently rich
land would Indicate that the soil lack
ed. Wltb set eral Important pelnts not
stated In our friend's letter, it is a bit
difficult to glre sn adequate diagnosis.
Ilowerer. there sre two or three sug
gestions which may be helpful. In the
first place It is well to remember that
while we have quite a habit of associat
ing richness of soil wltb a black color,
there is not necessarily any connection
whatever. In fart nome of the rich
est soils known sre red and green
gray, the latter the volcanic ash of
western states. Another point that it
la well to take account of is that a
sandy soli loses Its fertilizing elements
much sooner than Uo clay soils or
these referred to. This bring us to
the probable cause of our friend's
tract falling to yield as much corn as
be would like namely, a lack of fer
tilizer. We would suggest that be do
little experimenting with this tract
next season and would like him to re
port the results. Let blmpply about
eight tons of manure per acre to two
acres with a manure spreader, which
will Insure even distribution; on an
acre and a half apply the same amount
of manure and about three tons of
ground limestone per sere, which may
be scattered with the manure, and on
the remaining ncre and a half he
might apply the mfiestone alone.
While our correspondent says nothing
to indicate that this tract Is sour,
be says nothing which shows that It
might not be. In the spring let him
give these three tracts tbe same prep
aration, plant them with seed which
will give an average of three and a
half stalks per bill, and at busking
time let him keep accurate count of
the number of bushels which eacb pro
duces. " He will have conducted a very
practical experiment, can tell definite
ly Just wbst tbe soil most needs and
. will not only have Instruction for him
self, but" for bis neighbors, and for
tbe readers of this department. If he
will furnish a statement of acre yields
for tbe tbreo tracts. There are hosts
of farmers all through the corn belt
who ought to be carrying on Just such
experimental 'work as that outlined
above. It is simple and tbe result
would be Increased yields and a larger
bank account.
With need arising for whitewash at
all times of rear, some of our readers
may be glad to have published again
tbe recipe for makiug whitewash rec
ommended by the department of agri
culture at Washington. It is as fol
lows: Take one-hulf bushel unslacked
lime and slack, starting with warm
water, and cover during process to
keep in tbe steam. Strain liquid
through fine sieve or strainer; add
peck of salt previously well dissolved
In water, also three pounds of rice
boiled to a thin paste. Stir in boiling
hot one pound Spanish whiting and
one pound of glue which has been
previously dissolved over a slow fire.
Then add live gallons of hot water to
the mixture, stir well and let stand
for few days covered so as to keep
out the dirt. The whitewash Is best
applied with a small brush ond should
be put on hot. One pint should be
sufficient to cover a squsre yard of
surface. There is no whitewash which
excel Is this for indoor or outdoor use.
It may be colored whatever sb.tdtt oue
likes and will retalu its biilliaLcy for
When a scheming manufacturer
could take a quart of molasses and fif
ty gallons of rainwater and make a
barrel of "pure cider vinegar" there
was mighty little" Incentive for the or
chard owner to go through the labo
, rtous process of pressing tbe Juice from
his cull apples. Rut this state of af
fairs has changed. Uncle Sara has got
after food adulterators wltb a big
tick, and now nothing but the fer
mented Jntce of apples can be labeled
pure elder vinegar." The better con
dition should give a decided impetus
to the manufacture of pure vinegar,
while It should also greatly stimulate
the manufacture of pure Jellies and
other preserves, as the nasty coal tar
concoctions which used to be palmed
off on an unsuspecting public no longer
go. Tbe pure food law has put all of
this trash out of the running, and both
consumers and manufacturers of legit
imate goods will be the better for It
r It Is surprising bow soon the young
calves will take to eating 'whole corn
and oats. A small ration fed daily Is
s an excellent Idea and will keep them
growing from the start.
Tbe old lsIj- who explained the thin
ness of her milk to her customers by
saying It was due to scarcity of feed
prwbubty did not know that it is a well
known fact that milk quality, butter
fat content, is tot affected at all by
Nine dollars seems tike a cool deal
to pay for mosquito netting fj jrotivt
single cherry tree from the Mrda, un.l
yet when the value of a single crvp
from tbe tree frequently totals $50 audi
tbe Betting lasts for several seasons
tha sad is seen to Justify the. means.
There are few of tbe tender white
roasa that surpass the Fran Karl Droav
kl ts parity of color, fragrance or
form. In slab, too. It la an that could
ba desired. Like other members of
fha rose family It requires for best
results a clayey rich soil, abundant
water and stvare.catttnj, which .wltf
the Farmers
allow' the best buC uy'- to come to
maturity. .
A facf thst the professional politi
cian seem slow in tumbling to is that
present dsy agriculturists are not only
taking an interest in manure spread
ers, road drags and tbe like aa aids
to a better type of farming, but are
waxing up to tue tact tnat me system
of primary elections is a very effective
means of getting them out of tbe rut
In which they bsve been going politi
- v. '
More and more are sensible men who
pay out money doing so by means
of a check drawn on their account at
the bank. With tbe date and amount
of the payment -indicated on the check
stub, together, with tbe service or com
modity for which tbe check was given.
there Is no possibility that an account
paid In tbls way will have to be paid
a second time, the signature of the one
In whose favor the check Is drawn be
ing a very effective receipt. Of course
the use of a check book presupposes a
bank account, which Is another good
thing for a fellow to hare at bis dis
posal. We usually think of conservation of
resources in .connection with forest,
water powers, etc.. yet there is a more
modest way In which tbe principle can
be applied by the Individual - in hia
everyday work. Many a. housewife
In doing ber sweeping and some other
forms of work expends much more en
ergy than Is really necessary, while
In hoeing many a man uses more
force than he ueeds to do tbe work In
band, and especially is tbls true if bis
hoe Is dull. Where one Is at a Job
but a few minutes tbe question of an
expenditure of extra force is not so
vital, but where bis labor extends over
hours tbe matter becomes one of real
An interesting fnct has been noted
by many un orobardist the past few
months, and that Is tbe purple color
which was early taken ou by so many
varieties of apples which are a pure
green or yellow at harvest. The
writer has noted the same tendency on
bis own runcb in tbe case of the New
town Pippin. Yellow Transparent and
White Winter Tea rma in. Tbe coloring
referred to seems to hare been caused
by cool nights, followed by warm days,
and those who have made a careful
study of tbe coloring referred to as
sert that the purple color not only en
ables tbe small apples to-withstand
more degrees of cold than fruit not
colored, but that It more readily ab
sorbs tbe heat of the sun. resulting In
better growth and larger size.
Tbe introduction of some of the Eu
ropean pheasants into certain sections
of tbls country adjacent to agricul
tural land does not seem to be proving
an unmixed boon. We noted recently
the case of an Indiana Partner who re
ported that the pheasants got so tame
that tbey cauie into bis feed yards and
not only scrapped with but licked bis
roosters and turkey gobblers, tbe flock
of pheasants eating the grain scattered
for tbe tame fowls, in some sections
of New York these birds have grown
so numerous that tbey raid tbe truck
gardens, digging up newly set cabbage
plants, eat newly sprouted corn and
peck boles in cucumbers and musk
melons. It Is true tbe pheasants con
sume some weed seeds and a few po
tato bugs, but It seems to be the ver
dict of those who have seen most of
tbe birds that they do more barm than
It Is Just as Impossible to maintain
soil fertility when one keeps remov
lng it in raw crops and returning noth
ing in the way of fertilizers, aa it is
to keep a fellow's bank account if be
keeps checking from It continually,
and makes no deposits; and It is high
time a squad of poll tillers awoke to
tbe truth of this fact. Tbe land that
Is continually cropped to corn, cotton,
small grain, fruit or vegetables, and
la not replenished with manures, ar
tificial fertilizers or by the growing of
legumes is doomed to ultimate exhaus
tion, and depletion to tbe point where
tbe crop returns will not pay tbe tax
es. Tbore are thousands of farms
which are beaded straight In this di
rection located in states whose virgin
soil was tbe richest and most prodi
gal tbe sun. ever sbone upon, and tbey
will arrive at tbe condition referred
to unless tbe owners repent of their
evil ways and adopt more enlightened
and rational agricultural methods. New
York already has ber "abandoned
farms." but It won't be many years. If
present methods sre continued, until
Ohio. Indians and Illinois will have
theirs too.
The term "dalr; lux" is not pfopenj
sppUed to the keeping of cows wbicb
fall to or Just barely pay their year's
board bill with the proceeds realized
from the sale of their mllb and cream.
In a very true sense tbey should 1
viewed as manure manufactories, and
the keeping of them the "fertilizer
business. Wltb graham flour in tbe average
market costing only about flve-sev-entha
of that asked for patent white
flours, it is not only preferable from
the standpoint of economy, but be
cause It possesses a larger per cent- of
protein, phosphorous and other min
eral, elements, necessary In building
bone and muscle and nerve.
Several of the ailments to which
young calves and pigs are subject
might be lessened measurably If tbe
pu:!s and troughs from which tbey
drink were given an occasional scrub
bing out nnd scalding with hot water.
AH the ailments referred to are, of
bacterial origin, and the treatment re
ferred to would tend to hold these
pest la check.
Ropy milk. C!w often noticed In
winter thau f-'iu-jr is the result of
dust or filth which vets Into the milk
after It la drawn from the cow. It
has been shown that tbe trouble can
be entirely overcome by cleaning the
cows thoroughly before eacb milking
and by resaovlnr anv dnstv litter t.
aeath the cows, by .stralnjngtb mTjjk
througn ciean eioms into ciean cans
and cooling at once. In short, to pre
vent ropy milk clean and sanitary sta
ble conditions are necessary.
An orcbardist who recently report
ed bis experience in a horticultural
papejr bas bad very satisfactory re
sults wltb bens as insect destroyers in
his orchard. . At tbe time when tbe
curculio was busiest be made a prac
tice of scattering small grain in lit
ter under bis plum and apple trees,
and while the hens were busy scratch
ing be would jar tbe trees so as to
cause tbe Insects to fall to tbe grounds
where tbe ben would get them. Up
reports bis fruit almost entirely free
from curculio damage as a result of
following this simple plan.
The following simple recipe for the
preserving of corn and string beans has
been given before in these notes, but
since coru and bean arc on tap again
this season as usual it is worth repeat
ing: Boil corn on ear for about fifteen
minutes until milk is set. cut and scrape
from cob and mix thoroughly with salt
at the rate of four parts torn to one
of salt. Put In clean scalded stone jar
and cover with cloth nnd plate as in
case of salted cucumbers. The same
recipe works with string beans, wbicb
should be cooked until tender and mix
ed wltb wait as nlxtve. One lady reader
who tried this reviiw for corn last sea
son lost her supply because sbe put the
salt and corn In layers Instead of mix
ing before packing down.
Egg statistics for . the year 1509
show that tbe farm value of the egg
production of the country was $300.
000.000. while their value measured in
prices paid by the consumer was $540.
000.000. This shows that the cost of
transportation, storage and selling was
$240,000,000. or 80 per cent of the total
amount received by the original egg
producers. The American poultrymen
might well follow tbe plan of the Dan
ish farmers, who have formed asso
ciations for the transportation, stor
age and handling of their eggs, so that
tbey are put on tbe English markets
in tbe freshest possible condition and
at a figure which enables them to meet
all competition, yet gives to tbe Dan
ish poultryman a very satisfactory
With prices for fruit land in many
sections of the west reaching a level
which makes Jbe purchase of It well
nigh Impossible for tbe person of lim
ited means tbe writer believes that
there are districts in Wisconsin. Mich
igan. Indiana. Missouri. Arkansas, Vir
ginia and othfr states wbicb might well
bo Investigated by those desirous of
going Into tbe orchard business. It is
true that in some of the states men
tioned only small fruits and hardy vari
eties of fall apples, like the Wealthy,
could be grown, but the growing of
these fruits and marketing them in at
tractive fashion could be made very
profitable. In several of tbe states
mentioned stump lands can be bought
st from $20 to $50 per acre which are
composed of fat soils, rich in bumus
and Ideally aulted to fruit growing. If
clearing tbe land of stumps is under
taken in a businesslike and effective
manner tbe cost of clearing per acre
need not be excessive. Another point
In favor of growing fruit In a number
of the sections referred to is tbe fact
th:-' markets are near at band, wbicb
pr.. . nts transportation companiesfrom
absorbing so large a portion of tbe gross
m & Co.'s Animal 20
Tho Greatest slaughter in furniture prices off yoarc, will bogin, and no doubt
wo will be rushed, but wo are preparing to wait on tho trado promptly, and
whon we make a coat cut in prices do not think that wo shall bo nogloctfful
in dolivcry, etc. r
v Wo ospecially invite you to call and visit with us and soo for youroolf
whothor you purchase or not. Do not think that ovoryono who calls is oii
pectod to buy. '
Ago. 13
to Sep. 1
returns ui tlitr ,-.-".). if-l,f aud ex
press charges, lutjtiiriex adxressed to
the horticultural departments of tbe ag
ricultural coliegex in tbe several states
mentioned would elicit' desired infor
mation as to tbe probable price of land
in given localities, its suitability for
fruit growing and the kinds of fruits
that would do well on different soils.
A QUEE.1 UulVaSlTY.v
Cairo Hss tha World's Oldest Educa
tiencl Institution.
"When we thiuk f Harvard or Yale
the former dating fria HEiS tud the
latter from 1701. we think of theui a
old universities. says u writer in the
American fclGiicutioual. Itevlew; "but
when we pass to the other side of tbe
world we discover that even tbe eldest
American universities are In reality
very yiMiuj; Iu.stituU:ua. ,
The oldest eduvti liuual institution In
the world Is the University of 121
As liar. Cairo, fi.uded la the year CS3
by the great o;iht;!:u. It is the central
seat of le:truln.j for the whole Mo
hammedan world.' as well as a foun
tain cf siilritt:::! life. It occupies an
ancient mosque li the Arab quarter of
Cairo. surrv:r..tllid by a confusing maze
of narrow treets where-the population
is made up of iviesetstarlvcs of every
race that follows the prophet.
"The old ii!t;st"Je covers several acres
and consists of a series of courts sur
rounded by lo::g cloisters with low
roofs supported by forests f columns
The floors of red tiles are covered dtiiiy
by a multitude of men and boys, squat
ting in ae:nkircles around their teach
ers, who sit w1t!i their backs to the
columns lecturing la int)i;otoues.
"The chancellor of tbe university is
always n descendant of the prophet
and is usually n man of ability and
learning. lie occupies apartments In
El Ashar aud is not only the supreme
educational but 'the ecclesiastical head
of tbe church of LlgypL
"There is uo orgi-uizution similar to
that in modern universities. Any rep
utable man who desires to teach can
obtain the privilege by applicatiou aud
is assigned a column wliere he may sir
and impart the truth as he thinks
proper. His fame or ability will at
tract more or less students and dis
ciples, who pay him fees according to
their means."
Warmth Not Wanted.
"This would be a pleasanter world if
people put more warmth genuine
warmth iu their letters." said the
man of sentiment.
"I don't agree with you." replied his
worried friend, "there was a warmth
about some of tbe business letters I
got this morning that I didn't at all
When you feetZ:
vous, tired, worried or despondent it is a
sure sign you need MOTTS NERVERINE
PILLS. They renew the normal vigor and
make life worth living. Be sure and ask for
Motf. Nerverine Pffli KtfiS
WILLIAMS MFG. CO.. Prop.. CW land, Ohio
For sale by Conkey Drug Co.
News of Interest to Labor
In every respect in wbicb the injunc
tion is issued against the working peo
ple, it is based upon tbe assumption
that there is some form of property
right which tbe employer or business
man bas in the labor or tbe patronage
of worklngmen. so as to make tbe con
duct of tbe business profitable. Upon
no other premise 1s it possible that tbe
Injunctions about which labor com
plains are obtained. If there be any
allegation of violation of law, either
criminal or civil, there Is u ample.
labor insists should be Invoked.
The writ of iujuuctloti was intended
to be exercised for the protection of
proHrty rights only. Lie v.-bo would
seek its uld in equity must do equity
aud must come iutu court with cleau
hands. It tuust uever be used to cur
tail personal rights, it must uot he
used ever in an effort to puulsh crime.
There must be uo ether adequate
remedy at law. It must not be used
as a means to set aside tri::l by jury,
injunctions as issued against work
men are never used or issued against
any other citizen of our couutry. It is
an attempt to deprive citizens of our
couutry. when these-cltizeus are work
meu. of the right of trial by Jury. It
is an effort to fasten an offense on
f hem when thev are innocent of anv !
unlawful or Illegal act. It is nu indi -
rect assertion of a property right In
men when, these men are workmen
engaged In a lawful effort to protect or
advance their natural rights.
Injunctions as Issued iu labor dis
putes are to make outlaws of men
when tbey are not even charged with
doing things in violation of any law of
state or natiou. The injunctions which
tbe courts issue agaiust labor are sup
posed by them to be good enough law
today, when there exists u dispute
between workmen and their employ
ers; but It is not good law in fact, is
not law at all tomorrow or next day
when no such labor dispute exists.
Tbe issuance of injunctions in labor
disputes is uot baseJ upon law, but is
a species of judicial legislation, judicial
usurpation, in the -interests of tbe
money power against workmen inno
cent of any unlawful or criminal act.
The doiug of the lawful acts eujolued
by the courts renders the workmen
guilty of contempt of court, and pun
ishable by tine or Imprisonment, or
both, lu all things In which work
meu are eujolued by the process of an
injunction during labor disputes il
those acts are criniiuaK or unlawful,
there is now ample law und remedy
covering tbeui. From the logic of this
there is uo escape.
No act is legally a crime unless there
is a law designating it and specifying
it to be u crime. No act is unlawful
un'ess there is a law on the statute
books designating and specifying it to
be unlawful. Ileuce. it follows that
no act is criminal or unlawful unless
there is a law prohibiting its commis
sion. We assert that labor asks no
immunity for any of its men who may
be guilty of any criminal or unlawful
act. it Insists upon tbe workers being
regarded and treated as equals before
tbe law with every other citizen; that
if any act be committed by any one of
our number, rendering bim amenable
to the law. he shall be prosecuted by
tbe ordinary forms of law and by tbe
Per Oejmt IfecoiuMll Sale
A Solid Oak Dresser with large French plate mirror $9.50
A large, solid well made Ice Box at ........ 2..SGa50
A six hole high top Range at ........ -....-.-S22.50
A Round, Solid Oak Pedestal Dining Table at $995
A nice Mission Electric Lamp, worth $3.50 to go at $245
Some Fancy Pompeiian Fruit Bowls, worth $5.00
to go af ...... .. ...... ...51.90
A $25.00 Dinner Set, 100 piece, to go at ......$16.50
A $10.00 Library Table, 40 inch top, French leg 5G.75
A$20.00 Brussel Rug at......... ...... ....$14.75
due ' process of "taw. and that oti " in
junction does not lawfully and prop
erly apply and ought not to be Issued
In sucb rases. Tbe Injunction process,
as applied to men eugaged in dispute
with employers. Includes tbe allegation
of criminal or unlawful acts, as a mere
pretext, so that the lawful and inno
cent acts in themselves may also be
incorporated and covered . by the
blanket injunction. Aud tbe perform
ance of tbe lawful unci inuoceut acts
iu themselves, despite the injunction.
ouce guilty of con
tempt of the court's order.
Ijibor protests agaiust the issuance
of tujutu-tiou iu disputes between
workmen aud employers where no
such Injunctions would be Issued in
the absence of such disputes. Such
luj mictions have no wurraut in law
and are the result of judicial usurpa
tion and judicial legislation rather
than of congressional legislation. Labor
protests against tne discrimination of
the courts against the laboring men of
our country which deprives them of
their constitutional guaranty of equal
ity before the" law. The Injunctions
against which we protest are flagrant
ly und without warrant of law issued
almost dally lu some section of our
country and are violative of tbe funda
mental rights of man. When better
l understood they will shock the con
science of our people, the spirit and
genius of our republic. We shall ex
ercise our every right, and in the
tueituti.ni . concentrate our efforts to
v " r 1 , lpy (or
Diseases Femala Dtaaases? loss of
la. Plaaura and Iterations of the R
The undersigned will sell at
public sale at Manilla, Ind., on
Wednesday. August 24, 910
100 head of native yearling breeding -wes
1 Percheron Mare (registered) v s
1 pure bred Percheron Colt
1 Shetland Pony with buggy harness N
All Stock Sold Under a Strict Guarantee
Clerks Auctioneers
L. He MULL; Manilla. Indiana
. . .... : - .-. ,-.-.. ;., " ....
'ft '
111 I I D
- "I3SB;'
secure the relief aud (be redress t
wbicb we are so justly' entitled. Not
only la our own interest, but In th
Interest of all tbe people of our coun
try, for tbe preservation of real liberty,
for tbf elimination of bitterness and
class hatred, for tbe perpematlon ol
all-that is best and truest, we cas
never rest until the last vestige of tbii
injustice has been removed from our
public life. Samuel Gompers la Amen
lean Federationlst.
e Cambridge City, Ind. w
Telephone No. 20 4
Weather Is a sure sign that
your horse needs a ;cool feed.
' UBIKA Is the one , highest in
protein and loweat In Fiber and
Heat of any teed on the market
Richmond Feed Store
11-13 N. Mil
St Soratti Tenth SU Blc moss . Ira. ;
Office days Monday, Taeaelay. Friday aad
Saturday of cacti week.
Consultation end ent month's Traatmant Fraa.-
Dyspepsia and diseases or this buood. Bpw
faiuns ms. cancer. m
VI Ullty from Indlscratlons, Ptls Jsta.
turn, without aaieno r
Is Not i
."K";L Aco. 13 .
Sf - CoSsp.1

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