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THE KICH310XD PAIXAD1U3I AND SUX-TELEGnAM, SUXDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 1910 Tirmn i nmnim IHMlib A ItlloUo HOT IIFV7 FEATURE III THIS COUNTRY Even During the Colonial Days Enumerations Were Made . ; One in Virginia Made Early in 1616. ! AMERICA LEADS WORLD IN TAKING OF CENSUS Sweden Was the First Country in the World to Take Thor ' ough Enumeration, This Done in 1719. BY SIDNEY E8PEY. Washington, Sept 17. Census tak ing In the United States la aa old aa the republlo Itself. Aa a matter of f fact estimates of population in the various colonlea were made with a certain amount of accuracy and fre quency aa far back aa 1616, when Vir ginia proudly counted ita 351 hopeful white inhabitant!. 1 To the United Statea belongs the i distinction of having led the world in . renaua enumeratlona. Although Swed ' en In 1719 waa the first country to ! complete a thorough censua of Its ' population, and the United States sec ' ond in thla enterprise, the latter in- augurated the aystem of periodical census-taking. There la a difference of opinion ' among the various civilized coun trlea of the world aa to the practical , value of census enumeration. Some attach great importance to statistics of thla nature, and take accurate and detailed cenauaea at frequent and reg ular periods while others manifest lit tie Itnereat In the subject and make their enumeration!' at irregular inter vals. The result is that auch statis tics when obtained are neither com parable nor satisfactory, f First Censua In U. 8. The first cenaua of the entire Un nted States waa taken in 1790; or (nearly ten yeara before the first cen fsus taken in any European country jexcept Sweden. Because of this fact the United Statea baa received much (credit. The first cenaua of the young republic was provided for in the con- etltutlon for purposes of apportion- fanent aa a prerequisite to representa tive government. Jefferson and Mad ison at that time were atrong advo catea of cenaua enumeration. The lat ter according to certain records, may be considered as the "father of cen aua" in America. He led the debatea in the continental congress, a the time in favor of taking periodical censuses. Many of the enumeration sheets of ithe first cenaua are today in the cue- fand are treasured highly aa a novel and interesting history of our fore fathers at a most Interesting epoch in the life of this country. la all of the colonies prior to 1790, enumeratlona of populations were made. The email population waa scattered over large arena and the enumerators In the moat part mar jahala who received no extra pay for fthla difficult taskmet with many ob stacles in their work. I Were Superstitious. 1 8trange aa it may eeem to Atneri Irans today, their ancestors of those fearly days were highly sensitive and "extremely superstitious. In 1712 Gov. .Hunter 'Undertook an enumeration of the inhabltanta of New York. In writing to the home government he excused the Imperfection of the re turn in part by saying that "the peo ple were deterred by a aimple super stition and observation that sickness followed upon the last numbering of ' the people." , Gov. Burnett of New Jersey in a communication to the crown in 1726. wrote: "I have not taken a census of New Jersey, aa I waa advised, that it t would make the people uneasy, they , being generally of New England ex traction, thereby enthusiasts; and thata they would take it for a repeti tion of the aame aln that David com mitted in numbering the people, and j might bring on the aame Judgments." i Most of the enumeratlona of popu ! latlon during the early colonial period were made at the instance of the Brit ish board of trade which at that time exercised many of the functions now vested in the colonial office in order to obtain information that would be MOWS YOUR HEATER? C:a II ntrk la cc!i weitiir witissl llul tired feeling? DtnTgn pee rJDEERHOFIr cfcoat ctcsci or water now, before the rush. Phone 1236 . PURE CIDER VINEGAR FOR PICKLING If you want your pickles to keep, use none but the best Also Pure, Whole Spices that are fresh; Horseradish Root, Etc. Phone tm. , H. Q. HADLEY, GROCER. 1033 Main J02DAH, LTLIANUS & HUNT FUNERAL DIRECTORS A EMBALMERS Automobile Service for Calls Out of City. Private Chapel andiAmbu- Teephone 2175. of value in the administration of the affairs of the colonies. The surnames of many, of the early residents of the republic were partlcu-, larly striking and fantastic. Some were really ludicrous because of their Inferences and combinations. The of ficial records show that some of the best citizens bore such names aa, Joseph Came, Peter Pentup. Joseph Scolds, Boose Still. Adam Hatmaker, Truelove Sparks, John Smother and Agreed Crabtree. Then there were were those whose surnames were "catchy" because of the unusual com bination of common nouns, such aa Mr. Beerstlcker, Mr. Goldflesh, Capt. CUnkskales, Mr, Huntsucker and Messrs. Cathole, Churning, Clappad dle, Pryover, Sharpneck, Trueluck and Threewits. A Loss in Dignity. Many of these names have passed out of existence because of an in creasing tendency on the part of the public to avoid that which tended to cause a lack of dignity to the bearer. With the social advance during the past century the name of an individ ual has come to be a most prominent thing and' "Mr. Beerstlcker" and "Truelove Sparks" today would not have a chance in the dally walks of life. Many of these names have be come obsolete, while others have un dergone . modifications until today they appear very reasonable and com monplace. It cannot be denied that their use by the present generation in their original form would be an absurdity. In the statets for which the sched ules of the first census still exist there were 27,337 surnames, the ma jority of which were largely Anglo saxon origin. Such a thing as a middle name was hardly heard of in colonial times. Their absence from the schedules of the first census Is marked. This is borne out clearly In a little document signed by a number of prominent men of their day known as the Declaration of Independence. Upon this paper the names of but three persons hav ing middle names appear, Robert Treat Paine, Richard Henry Lee and Francis Llghtfoot Lee. TYPHOID FEVER CLAIMS ITS TOLL Bulletin of State Health Board Shows Disease Is Still Prevalent. TUBERCULOSIS HEADS LIST FORTY-SIX MOTHERS DIE FROM DISEASE, LEAVING SIXTY-FIVE YOUNG CHILDREN, DURING THE MONTH OF AUGUST. Indianapolis, Sept 17. The month ly bulletin of the state board of health, Just Issued, says:. The health and mortality for August, 1910, was not as good as in the same month last year. This' August, the deaths numbered 3234 and August 1909, 3160. Typhoid fever was the most prevalent disease both months. Diarrhoea, dysentery, cholera morbus and cholera infantum prevailed to a greater degree August, 1910, than In August, 1909. The re spiratory diseases were also more pre valent The August death rate of the state was 13.5. The city death rate 15.5, country rate 12 Tuberculosis wrought its usual destruction of over ten deaths each day, the exact num ber being 329. Of these tuberculous deaths 46 were young women in the age period of 18-40. and all of them mothers, and they left 65 young chil dren; 21 were young fathers in the aame age period as above and left 40 orphans. It seems astonishing to the state board of health that the people do not arouse against this monster which brings them such terrible pe cuniary loss, as well as loss of happi ness and strength. Pneumonia caus ed 72 deaths. In the same month last year 57. Diptherla 183 cases, 23 deaths in 34 counties. In same month last year, 130 cases, 17 deaths in 30 counties. Typhoid fever got in its most. awful work; 446 cases with 123 deaths in 74 counties. How long will the people , of Indiana permit this aw ful disease to sicken and kill them? Diarrhoeal diseases killed 524 and in the aame month last year 467. In fluenza deaths 5, cancer 152. violence 237. There were no deaths from small pox. The cases of small pox re ported were Jefferson county 1; Grant 2; Lake 2. Indianapolis had a death rate of 14.8; Evansvllle 15.8; Parlors 1014 Main 'Street. ) , : ! i UnmmprQfpin nnri Hi? RriHp j m M Mt a at i a w xj a ws a miu m.-j . m-mi tuv n ' '' ' III tit ' :.: -'i I I V ' mm : v' ' - J - . Arthur Hammerstein, son of Impres- sario Oscar Hammerstein and Mrs. Grace Weir Hoagland, who were re cently married at the residence of the nephew of United States Senator Ell hu Root at South Beach, Connecticut. Mrs. Hoagland was married to Mr. Hammerstein just four days after she had obtained a divorce from John A. Hoagland, the millionaire, to whom she was married in London, suddenly in 1904. She possesses a wonderful voice and at one time was choir sing er at Holy Trinity Church, Brooklyn. The honeymoon of the couple will be brief and spent in the vicinity of New York so as to be on hand when the Hammerstelns take hold at the com ing opera season. Ft. Wayne 16.4; Terre Haute 16.3; South Bend 16.9. Births The total births numbered 4.695. Males 2,336, febales 2,240, still births 119. Statet rate 19.6. Highest rate. Warren, 29.8; la west rate, Pu laski, 8.8. Warren county has shown the highest birth rate every month this year. BOSTON CELEBRATES Boston, Mass., Sept. 17. Flags were displayed on Boston's public buildings today in celebration of the 280th anniversary of the founding of the city. While it was in July, 1630, the colonists brought by John Win throp to Salem established them selves at Charlestown, it was not un til September 17 of that year that the greater part of Winthrop's company crossed the river to Trimontaine and renamed the place Boston, after the Lincolnshire town whence many of the colonists had come. OH(D(0)IL For the Information MCEMMLSON & Give Below the NAMES and PRICES of Books In our Schools for the Next Term HIGH SCHOOL BOOKS Plane Geometry , $ .SO Trigonometry 80 Foundation of Latin 90 Second Year Latin 1.30 Latin Grammar .SO Latin Composition 50 Latin Comp. Part 2 and 3.. 450 Cicero 1.25 Virgil 1.30 Macmillan Classics .' 25 Other classics 30 and .35 Rhetoric 1.20 American Literature ...... 1.00 Manly's Eng. Poetry 1.50 Moody's Eng. Literature... 1.10 Spanhoofd's German 1.00 Gluck Auf 65 Paints .75 Joynes' German Grammar 1.20 Guerber's German, Part 2.. .70 Pope's Composition ....... .90 Immensee ................. .33 Der-Weg-Zum-Gluck .40 A Great Variety of Tablets, Composition Books, Pens, Pencils and other School ScppUcs V AT M(GHdLOM' Odd Fellows Dai'dlng, 729 Main Street T F. mm u Drugs, Books, Wall Paper School Supplies High School Books Drawing Pads Tablets Pencils Paints and Brushes 720 Main Street ipirigcs and Convenience ol Students and Parents Wm. Tell tSerman ........ .65 Salsbury Physiography ....$1.50 Eddy's Physiology ........ 1.20 School Composition ...... .50 Brief English Grammar . . .60 High School Physics .... . 1.25 Eddy's Physiology 1.20 Coulter's Plant Studies.... 1.25 Apgars Trees 1.00 Newell's Chemistry ....... 1.25 Science Tablets, Ring ..... .40 Botany Tablets, Ring ..... .50 Lyric Song Book .63 Elements or Business Laws 1.00 Phonographic Amanuensis.. 1.00 Mod. Bookkeeping ..1.00 Vouchers, Forms and Blank Sets $1.35 Commission Outfit ........ .70 Dry Goods .Outfit .SO Grocery Outfit ............ .40 Daly's Speller .25 GARFIELD BOOKS Elson's Grammar School WESTERNERS WAIIT Hunuc rniiTQnn L UUIIIIIUL Believe that Natural Resourc es Should Come Under State Jurisdiction. OPPOSED TO PINCHOT PLAN GOVERNOR HAY, OF WASHINGTON SPEAKS TO BUSINESS MEN ABOUT NATIONAL MEETING AT ST. PAUL. . Spokane, Wash Sept. 17. "More determined than ever before are the people of the Rocky mountain and Pacifis states In their endeavor to control their natural resources. They are willing to share them with those who assist in developing our wealth, but they protest against dividing them with those who have dissipated their own wealth and now insist they have the right to participate in ours with out compensation in the way of devel opment." In these words Governor Hay of Washington, who has just returned home from St. Paul, sounded the key note for "home control," which, it is believed by many in this part of the country, will rapidly resolve itself into a movement of nation wide pro portion. Governor Hay, who was a delegate to the national conservation congress discussed the steam roller treatment accorded the western men in' St. Paul at a luncheon in the assembly hall of the Spokane chamber of com merce where more than 300 manufac turers and business men were gather ed. Rapped Pinchotian Idea. Supporters of the Pinchotian idea of conserving western natural re sources were rapped over the knuc kles reoeatedly in an address which occupied twenty minutes, the govern or declaring that for the autocratic use of authority and power those who controlled the St. Paul coriferess had .mt "Uncle Joe" Cannon in the role of a novice. A few of the many striking para- II IMA 1V1UVI Reader .60 Spanhoofd's German . . . . .$1.00 Historical Note Book ...... .35 Paints .20 021 Crayons . . . . . . .... . . .05 Literary Readings ........ .80 Wells' Algebra 1.25 Bennett's Foundation 'Latin .90 Joynes German Grammar.. 1.20 Gluck Auf .65 Drawing Books, 7th and ' 8th year .15 Lyric Song Book ..." .65 GRADED SCHOOLS Grammar Schools Paints ........ ........ .20c Drawing Books Nos. 3 & 4.. 10c Drawing Books Nos. 5 & 6.. 15c Music Book No. 1 .25c Music Book Xo. 2 .......... 30c Music Book No. 3 . .40c Riverside Classics ...15c Nix's German 40c hum E(D)(D)MS arranhm in Governor Hay's aneech are incorporated in the following: ; : "The cards were stacked against i those who did not completely:, in- dorse the Pinchot propaganda, while practical conservation were labeled j frauds. I The man who invented theeystem I of frenzied finance Is a conservative j man according to the ideas we heard I advanced at the so-called conference. "Members of thetlmber trust told us how we should stand for conserving our forests . for unborn generations while they were adding 50 cents a thousand feet to stumpage prices. "We heard reformers argue long and loud how , they planned to sell power, coal and lumber to the people at practically cost, and in the nest utterance they told us how the pur posed paying no small share of the government's expense from the earn ings of the natural resources of the western country. "The action of the supporters of Pinchot gave us the greatest warrant to believe that we were right in the position taken by the delegations from the western states, in which 95 H Per cent of the country's natural resources are located. "Th.e eastern conservationists want us to bear the cost of government while the profits from our natural re sources flow to the federal treasury. Let them first turn over to the gov ernment th revenue they receive from their mines and power sites. Want Jurisdiction. "We believe in forest preservation and reforestation. We also believe the states should participate in the benefits of their water powers. Our constitution gives us these rights, but the Pinchotian demand is that the federal lands, where the water power sites are located, should be with drawn and leased for the profit and at the pleasure of the United States gov 3rnsnent. "There seems to be some misun derstanding as to the position taken ty those - who advocate home control f our great resources. From time ' immemorial there has been a- struggle between the people on the one hand and the reigning power of the finan cial interests on the other as to who shall control our local affairs and re sources. This is the same fight over again. The people of the west believe they are competent and qualified and should have complete jurisdiction over matters within their own states." UOII IS GOOD ; San Antonio, Tex., Sept. 17. The United States government is at pres ent engaged in , compiling irrigation statistics of Texas. This applies principally to the San Antonio coun try which is -dotted with artesian wells. In the last few years thous ands of wells have been sunk and the work has gone on so quietly but per sistently that even the people of Tex- YOU CAN'T DUY Skill and Time FOR NOTflltfG Do not expect to get two dol lar worth of watch work for one dollar. The old saying "you get only what you pay for" holds good in watch repairing as in other things a cut price' means a shortened job. It's Results Yon're Alter To clean and put your watch in good running and time-keep, ing order requires the skill of an expert and consumes time In the doing. Properly done, it's worth alt you'll be asked to pay at this store and will result In satisfac tion to all concerned. We guar antee all our work. Drino Your VMzh in to tz Excnicrf Jewelen cz3 ESnrrl as are unaware of Its extent For in stance on the King ranch alone there are over ' sixty artesian wells. Gov eminent experts estimate that the 4 San Antonio country will show the V most extensive irrigation acreage or any section in the United States. Vrm wmnnmt mmmm w .u - ------ TCsttca. coMttpttta or any oUmMtowMm ari Las from disordered temach. Dr. CiMwIll bvnrp Pepsin, will cm yoa tad kMp yen walk r ii mi nu moI PALLADIUM WANT ADS PAY. liylii Don't wait as you have some years and buy a suit when the cold weath er begins. tar and you get a suit of an exclusive pattern. ' We ... you perfect satisfaction. Ask any of my customers of last year and they will tell you they are to buy here again. If you buy here once you wi'l al ways buy. TIN? IMJj TAH83 0 Hath 10th Sired DBnny rum IMiW f - . f 4.