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YUEmCimOND PALLADIUM 'AXD SUN-TELEGRAM, SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 6, 191Q.
PAGE CUVXII ESS LOSSES I Ctlzi Fcrc:tcr Grave to In I ctruct Rarca? and Ijunt ff crs to Ki37Thcai;; ' e PANT; 8TCCKt:HJ victims "AND OUTH1RN PLANTATIONS HAVS 'HzZH tNPESTCD BY THE RUTk's- BIO BOUNTY It." PAID FO HIDIS. ' v 't . BY SIDNEY EtPEY. Wasblnston, Nor. 8. The enormous losses offered by stockmen on the .westers cattle ranges and the " dee traction of same, oa forest, reserves, Filvate game reserves, southern plan tations, large farms, and In national ' parka throngs the ' depredations of wolres has been the cause of a spe cial investigation by the biological survey. In cooperation with the forest, service ot ascertain the best methods for destroying theae peata. The chief object of the report, ac cording to Chief Forester Graves, Is to put Into the hands of every hunter, trapper, forest ranger and ranchman, directions for trapping, poisoning and hunting wolves and of finding the dens of the young. Should the direc tions be rigidly followed It is beller ed that the wolves can be so reduced la number that their depredations will , cease to be a serious menace to the , Increase of stock and game. . t Inducement te Trappers. , 1 "Prime wolf ' skins." - said Mr. : Graves, "are worth from $4 to $ each, enough to Induce trappers and enter prising ranchmen to make an. effort, to eeeure them if a reasonable degree of success Is assured.' Stock owners need little encouragement to catch ior kill wolves op their own ranges, and It Is believe that the forest ranger will. bo able to keep down the i Increase en the' forest Tseerves. Their complete extermination on the west ern ranges is not, however, to be ex- pec ted la the near future, and It Is only by constant and; concerted ef fort that Uietr number can be kept .down .sraitlr s) . prevent serious '.deprtitlaa,? . t;,;t , ; - f; TkJi Hplaeal survey In an exhaus jtive Njort . shows, the -wolves to be fdlvldtliiate. taro, groups, the smaller 'Coyotes ejr, pratele wolves of the west em United ,Ctitf a, Hsxlco, and south--, j western CnaU.Wooiprtalng aeveral jipecles cti v-ema epectee : and the larger gty black.. of limber wolves, j diatrlbutti ;mct3allyt throughout the i whole of Notth. America -from Florida and the table Mds Qf Mexico to the Arctlo ocean. These large wolves, commonly caed" "kBfera", or "lobos," laclude kt fcst-haff a doxen species ;or geogrt kraceaV comprising the small daUTay or black wolf of Flor ida and Hae southeastern United ' States, t&f red wolf of'southern Tex as, the brladled wolf of .Mexico, the iKsat Cray wolf ot the, central plains redon the 4V4rk gray wolf rof eastern 'Canada,. the almost white wolf' of : northern panada and Alaaka and the ! large back or dusky wolf of the northwest coast region. , The wolves still occupy moat of their original range, v except,, where crowded out of the more thickly set tied regions. The large gray wolf of i the nlalns and middle weat la at Drea mt the moat abundant apeclea In the United States, and the most destruct ive to stock. Over the thinly settled ranch country of Montana, the west lent parts of the Dakotas and Neorae; ika, and .of Wyoming, Colorado, " New Mexico and western .Texas, where ;atock raising Is an Important tndus try. the ,wotvee have held their own 'and la favorable aectlona have-Increased since the destruction of their .former prey, the buffalo, and the In troduction of domestic cattle. Where Animals Breed. I "From a physical enumeration of Itha population and habitat of the (Wolves," Mr. Graves says, "the natur al Inferences would be thst the forest reserves serve as breeding grounds, from whleh the wolves raid the sur rounding country. 8uch Is not the case, however, . as will be apparent from the: reports .tht have been re ceived here. The: wolves breed main ;ly below the edge of the forest reserve hill country Is Included. In talking ;w1th hunters, trappers, .ranchmen and forest rangers "who have been much 1n the northern mountains in winter 1 have not found one who ever saw wolf tracks in the mountains, during the breeding season, or knew of ' a Nrolf den above the foothills. All agree that the wolves lesve the moun tains when the cattle cow down In the fall and . return only wheex, the wattle are driven Into the mountains asala la June, Juat as' they originally followed the migrations of buffalo. The fact that wolves are abundant In the valleys la winter also supports the migration theory, but. their con tinued presence In the valleys la sum ner would Indicate that not all fol low the cattle Into the mountains In the winter, . , .-,' Tae-stock killed , by wolves Is saalaly cattle. Calves aad yearlings are generally selected, but if these , era not available, cows and even full Jfowa steers are killed. They are anally attacked from behind and lit jtrally eaten, alive. Occasionally an czfmal will escape the' wolf with a treat piece torn out ot its ham. while t- vetf C3M ca to eatta as3kttl an ititr.' Cattle so blitoa . ila, heace pJKiiaen claim that more cattle are t:.d than eaun. . r r "The actual number ot cattle killed It wolvea cannot ' K. ilnUrminMl Feeding N. Y . Police During Strike ' : . y.v f? I. ''f " sl 'I I I '- ..., .,-::, ,j.j. J . a, :. . '--p " ? I f1""1 ' " ., , (1 C fr- dW even in "pastures unices inclosed -with wolf proof fences. " - "Hogs are killed . in great numbers 4iy wolves in th timbered bottoms and sjumps.of eastern Texas, and in Lou isiana and Arkansas. . The protective measures taken by ranchmen 'are now in general use throughout the West. The wolf-proof fence, which prevents the wolf from coming. Into an inclosure is the most effective and likewise the most ex pensive Bounties given by the states is an effective means of eradication of the wolf.; but the most successful methods that have yet been employed by jnan for the protection of cattle are the primitive ones, bunting, trapping and poisoning." . Itt respect . to poisoning. Mr. Graves added, "many . wolves are killed by poisoning and more would be so killed if the ' methods ' followed were less crude. Strychnine is sever ally, used, with nothing to disjpuise its intense bitterness, the powder being either inserted, in bits of meat or fat or merely spread on a fresh "carcass." Photograph showing how police in NeWYork City, who were guard ing strike breakers in the express companies' employes strike, had to be fed. The food-waa brought" to them where thfey were stationed 8 they: could not:leave fearing the' riot. Representatives of 'the International -Brotherhood' of Teamatera have issued an ultimatum" In which they. say) they will' call out their full membership, which means the striking or 29,- '000 different kinds of drivers in New York and its surrounding vicinity, , if Mayor Gaynor does not withdraw the poiiee from the express wag ons and it the express companies do.1 not agree to the demands of -the 'strikers. " ; " " , ' ,": "f REPUDIATE RICKERT Garment Workers' Union Re fuses to Abide by Settle ment Agreement. UNION IS NOT RECOGNIZED Mrs. "Austins Bnckwheat Flour gives you a good wholesome breakfast. We wonder "what punishment will fit the.crjme" perpetrated . by a mere male modern -scientist, who claims to have discovered a trick by which the age of any woman in normal ' health may be ascertained. The only instru ment required is. an ordinary watch, and the wrist of the lady divulges the secret. It seems that in counting her pulse, if , it. registers sixty-nine beats a minute, her age is. between twenty and twenty-five years old.... Another five years seventy-one beats go to the minute, and to the woman of thirty is permitted seventy throbs. (Special Correspondent.) Chicago, Nov. .5. The garment workers in . three meetings Saturday afternoon repudiated the settlement of their strike, which was decided upon earlier in the day by their general president, T: A. Riekert, Jane Addams, representing the citizens committee and a representative ot the Hart, Schaffner and Marx.! Protest meetings were held at several places tonight and- demonstrations .occurred. The recognition of the union was not in cluded in the agreement signed by President Rlckert and the 'garment workers insist upon this point. . ' today from Amapala. It -was said -at the state department that the York town la due to reach Amapala today and will relieve the Princeton,! which will then sail J for Panama to coal it the conditions at Amapala justify her leaving. Suicide is less prevalent in Ireland than in any other country ; in the world. ; OUR UFE. : .V ; Our HeisUce the Urn of aba again audi agua stripped cfartJX stgn fife that it hat pd focicJ yet winch sbl VWts&aadl 3 taaa- apparent m&res into &a sac can of one long, cnidiawms ewewth-""" PhCips Brooks. . -Mexico now. has a smokeless powder factory with an annual capacity - of 110,000 pounds. CAN HOLD DOWN JOB . (American Nevrs Service.) , i Washington, Nov. 5. State, depart ment officials today expressed full con fidence in the ability of Commodore Hayes' of the gunboat: Princeton to protect foreigners and foreign inter ests at Amapala, Honduras, ' where General Valladeres, ; who is intensely antirforeign, holds forth as command ant in defiance of the Honduran gov ernment. No word was received at: either the state or navy department ly killed. Ut has been estimated that; a family of wolves wlU destroy( about $3,000 worth of stock on a 'large ranch per annum. . Some Kill Horses. '"'NotonIy do wolves. destroy rattle and game, but they frequently kfil colts and ' grown horses. ". Evidently this Is not a matter of choice of food; for .trappers generally agree,- that wolves prefer horseflesh ' to beef, an opinion that my own observations ful ly substantiate. The explanation :ls doubtless to he found in the methods of attack from the rear," long and suc cessful practice on' the buffalo and equajly. successful. with cattle, but not generally 'with grown horses: Colt. however,- are often .killed, by wolves. On the' other hand, mountain lions kill more - horses than cattle - because their catlike methods of springing at the head and throat succeeds better with the horse than with cattle. "Herded "sheep are rarely troubled by wolves, which are kept at' a. dis tance by the presence of herdersj and dogs. Occasionally, however, , an un guarded . herd is raided and a large number of sheep, are killed, but so rarely-that -in -open -country,- sheep men have' little ear of wolves in com parfsoh . with coyotes and wild cats. In timbered regions wolves kill more sheep and-small' herds are not -safe For Your Feet )We all like to dress up a part of the .time,. but there are times when we must have FOOT-WEAR FOR R0UGH0Uf-0F-D00RS WEAR For the Ladies WE HAVE A LAOIES' HIGH CUT.ST0RM BOOT made of Storm Calf Leather and ' Water- . - ... - . - proof Soles, priced Also the regular height shoes at $2.50 to $3.50 . , z ' For the -Men . - WE HAVE A MEN'S HlGH GUT BOX CALF SHOE . made up over a dress (g jf ; J shoe last at. ..i... vjp4Vil 4 F0RTHE BOYS we can show a big Variety of High Cut Shoesjii Black aod Tan. Waterr - pfoof stock, $2.00 to $3.50. For Piloses and CHildrcm WE HAVE' HIGH CUT BUTTON BOOTS in "All 5 Gun Metal'V also Patent Vamp and Patent ; Cuff,dull or red tops, (J (Tf7T $1.50,;$2.00, $2.50, Vp4UiViy Pyrography Goods Brass Craft Outfito The largsst line of thee goods in Indiana Outfits, 20c to $5.50. One thousand different articles and thousands of designs. Now is the time to make your selections for the .Holidays. - ' The only exclusive paint store in. Wayne County. Ev- " erything in Paints,-Oils, Varnishes, Brushes, Painters' Sup- plies and Artists' Materials. We aim to make this stbre the -most complete Painty .Store in Indiana. - You are cordially invited to call and see the. new store. ' . ' ......-,'. ....; Old Reliable Paint Co. , , v .. ;, Harry C. Sfcaw, Mgr. , (We retail at wholesale prices) , . 10 & 12 SOOTH 7TH ST. Pacific Express Co's Old Stand. Telephone '2230. ' Tfee Steg c las! In Suede. In Velvet In Cravenette. The SeascrfsrMAtlFCCiii-G Si:2 We don't need to say much about the beautiful Hnsi and handsome shape of this Shoe. It's enough to tc't you that this illustration but feebly expresses its rczl attractiveness. . .. . . But we do' want to impress upon you that we not cri iy have this shape in patent and gun. metsl leathers, but jn suede, velvet and cravenette as well. And we want to further emphasize the fact that when you buy this shoe in any of these that you are not ct ting a shoe that can be worn only on a few occasions, a shoe that will only look well for a short time. - No matter which of these finishes you choose ycu wJX get a serviceable shoe. The velvet is not tha kr.d that you see fray so easily on coat collars, the crav enette is not the kind that -you see in shabby rain coats. They are special products mads to stand tha harder wear that shoes will see. You won't bo C; appointed in any of these . They sell for $4 a pair. , " . CHflS. El. FETCS 724 MAIN OTREET' Vy"').' Big, Redeti J- -; Millinery : vJ 3'-V.l Y.fl..-.. For 2 Weeks Commencing: Monday, Npvemher 7. Take this opportunity while the selection is still good, to buy your Fall and Winter Millinery at a reduction. These hats are of the latest Fail and Winter, 1910-11 style .Kony cf them are the same' that were on display during the open ing, the balance are new stock that has been purchased since then. Don't fail to call. Hair Goods at Saving Prices. ; Our entire line of Hair Goods will go on sale during thrso two weeks. Puffs worth-$2.00 at $1.00. ' Puffs wcrth $3.00 at $1.50. Switches also to go at a big discount. Plumes to Go At a Big Discount Our big stock of plumes, all sizes and prices, will be sold at a big discount dur ing these 2 weeks.. It's a saving that you should take advantage of. BR.O 6th and, Alain Streets WE R Richmond, Indiana. vrrrmiveiy .zew nnrwsss are ioun Icti aad avattsa wtraXteah-