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VI M ( 1 Af Palladium and Sun-Telegrram JL. VL,., HU Consolidated. 1907 RICHMOND, INDn WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY 26, 1915. SINGLE COPY, 2 CENTS mow fo)f?n UU vSliiLy T f J $ f 1" 1" T 4 -j- -j- 4 "4 -y Germans Torpedo American Ship Nebraskan T MM Tl o)(n) 5)lyJ GOT mm ADMIRALTY SAYS WASP TEARS BIG HOLE IN SIDE OF BOAT WITH 0. S. FLAG Caught Off Irish Coast, Steamer Hit by Explosive Crew Stands by, Says Lloyd Vessel Limps Toward Queens town, Says Wireless U. S. State Department Perplexed Over Latest Underwater Boat Rail Await Official Report NEW COMPLICATION FEARED WITH GERMANY LONDON, May 26 President Harold Sanderson of the Inter national Mercantile Marine late this afternoon officially confirmed the torpedoing of the American steamer Nebraskan by a German submarine. The ship was under charter to the concern of which Mr. Sanderson is the head. "The Nebraskan was flying the American flag when she was torpedoed, said Mr. Sanderson. "She was chartered by us to bring Dver a cargo, but was returning in ballast. "The ship had not a single thing aboard which could possibly ?ome under the German ban. The German action is astounding because the Nebraskan was flying the American flag and was bound for an American port." The Nebraskan incident caused a- profound sensation here. The general Innilll T 11II1IO impression is that it will affect the fAMHl I WIN German-American situation acutely. link I IIIIlW Blames Torpedo. Lloyd's Maritime agency announced j this afternoon that the American j steamer Nebraskan, bound from Liver- j pool to the United States, was torpe- ' doed off the Irish coast at 9:05 o'clock j last night. The Lloyd's statement ; added that the Crookshaven wireless station has received the following: "The Nebratkan is calling for help. The crew are in the boats and are standing by. The weather is fine and calm.'- It was stated at the embassy later I that the British admiralty had sent it a notification that an armed trawler hnd reported the Nebraskan making for Liverpool with her forehold flood-' i Steamer Still Afloat. The first Lloyd dispatch was issued i at 1:30 o'clock this afternoon. About' half an hour later the following was given out: j "Kins-dale reports the American steamer Nebraskan passing eastward j at 11 a. m. She is uncontrollable, but is under her own steam, and is appar- j r ntly bound for Queenstown." i The Nebraskan, although owned by j i he American-Hawaiian line, is under j charter to the United Transport line j and bears the American flag. She car-1 ries a crew of forty. The ship did not i carry any cargo when she left Liver-, pool on her westward voyage but wasj making the trip in ballast. Captain John Greene and the other officers of the Nebraskan are Ameri cans. The Nebraskan sailed for Liverpool from New York on May 7, and started her return journey on Monday. She is a steel built twin-screw driven i steamship of 4,409 tons gross and 2.S24 ; tons net. and is owned by the Ameri-; can-Hawaiian Steamship company, j She is .",60 feet long and 4S feet in the beam and is in the freight trade. The in 1902 and hailed from New York. WASHINGTON INFORMED. State Department Officials Worry i Over Latest Attack. WASHINGTON. May 2fi. An offi-! :ial report that the American steamer ' Nebraskan was torpedoed was cabled ' to thp state department today by Con-, sul General Skinner at London as fol- ; lows: i "Admiralty reports American steam-' er Nebraskan torpedoed forty miles ' south by west of Fastnet. Crew in 1 boats standing by. Weather fine. No' direct report yet." ! The state department officials are waiting for a direct report from Con-, sul Frost at Queenstown. the nearest ; port to Fastnet. before making any comment on the affair. The Lusitania.1 was torpedoed about t0 miles east of Fastnet I While Counsellor Lansing and other, state department officials observed the' role of silence imposed by Secretary i Bryan on cases involving serious inter national complications, it was recog- nized at once that the o-ase presented grave possibilities. It was indicated at the department that if the Nebras-', kan be found to have been actually torpedoed and the responsibility be placed on Germany, it would present the most serious violation of neutral ity yet committed by, the German gov-i ernment. j ITALIAN KING GOES TO LEAD HIS ARMIES FOME. May 26. King Victor Em manuel left for the front, today to lead the Italian army against the Aus trlans. Austrian troops have blown up or set on fire sixteen towns in their own territory to prevent their being used fcy he Italian troops. GREAT FAVOR OHJJTREET Rival Contractors Turn At tention to Comparative Value of Two Brands of Paving Material. CITY FAVORS BRICK Other Cities Note Asphalt's Tendency to Rut and Speak of Noise and Gritty Dust. Property owners on North A street, are seriously considering the select Ion of asphalt as the paving material for that street, and the sentiment in favor of that kind of paving appears to be so strong among the property owners on that street that rival bid ders for Mexican and Trinidad asphalt are now quarreling over the contract. The board of public works following the receipt of the bids for the perma nent improvement of North A street Continued On Page Two. Avuuiifiniii s-iahi MQC QTIIYVPQANT IQH If 1 21 0 1 U I U I I LOHIl I NOll SUMMONED BY DEATH GARRISON, N. Y., May 26 Mrs. Stuyvesant Fish, the well-known social leader, died at her country home here today of hemorrhage of the brain. Before her marriage to Stuyvesant Fish in ISIS, she was Mary Graves Anthons. Mrs. Fish's death came un expectedly. She had not been in good health recently, but until this morn ing her condition was not regarded as grave. . Mrs. Fish was perhaps the most noted society leader in New York and Newport since the death of Mrs. Wil liam Astor, whom she succeeded as the recognized social leader. She was also for many years a liberal giver to charity and was particularly interest ed in the welfare of working girls. Mrs. Fish was the daughter of a lawyer and was beautiful and accom plished, of good family, but by no means wealthy. NEW CABINET STIRS BRITISH CRITICISMS . LONDON, May 26 Hostile criti cism is already being directed against the new national cabinet whose per sonnel was announced last night. Gen eral regret was expressed over the loss of Baron Fisher. He was known as the "Father of the Modern English Navy." The portfolios of the war office have been divided and a new depart ment known as the ministry of muni tions has been formed. The new portfolio is held by David Lord George while Lord Kitchener remains secretary of state for war. Winston Churchill, former first Lord of the Admiralty becomes Chancellor of the Dutchy of Lancaster, a position of no responsibility. AUSTRIANS DESTROY ITALIAN AEROPLANE VIENNA, via Berlin and Amsterdam May 26. A dispatch from headquar ters of the Austrian army operating against Italy states that an Italian aeroplane which dropped bombs upon Goerz, a town near the frontier, was brought down yesterday by Austrian artillery and that two Italian staff of ficers in the machine were killed. SHIP RAMMED IN DENSE FOG ONJTLANTIC U. S. Squadron of Battleships Hear S. O. S. Call and Stand By Ryndam Return ing to Port. PASSENGERS SAVED Transferred to Tramp Fruit Steamer Which Rammed Liner and Are Brought Back to Land. NEW YORK. May 26. The Holland America liner Ryndam, bound from New York to Rotterdam, with 77 pas sengers on board was rammed and badly damaged by the tramp fruit steamer Joseph J. Cuneo, in a thick fog off the Massachusetts coast early today. Wireless call3 for help were picked up by the United States battleships en gaged in war maneuvers on the At lantic coast and the battleships South Carolina, Louisiana and Texas sped to her assistance. All the Ryndam's passengers and 160 of her crew were taken aboard the Cuneo. The following radiogram was receiv ed by the Holland-America officials in this city shortly before 9 o'clock: "8 a. m. 150 miles from Ambrose Channel. Hold No. 5 full of water; hold No. 6, water gaining. Engine loom flooded. Proceeding 13 knots. Passengers and 160 of the crew aboard Cuneo. American squadron standing by. (Signed) "Heuvel." The Cuneo's bow was smashed by the collision. The Ryndam carried 20 first cabin passengers; 34 second cabin passeng ers and 23 passengers in the steerage, according to figures at the Halland America offices in this city. The collision occurred at about 4 o'clock and at once the wireless opera tor on the Ryndam began bombarding the Atlantic coast with "S-O-S" calls. At 10 a. m. the captain reported that he was 124 miles off Ambrose light ship, "much strained but holding out," he reported. At the office of W. V. and C. W. Noyes, owners of the fruit steamer Cuneo, it was stated that the Cuneo carried no passengers and that her crew numbered twenty men. She was in command of Captain A. A. Modt. The Ryndam flies the Dutch flag. She was built in 1901 and is one of the slowest boats plyinc between New York and Amsterdam. She is 550 feet long. 62 feet wide and her tonnage is 7,976. She has four water-tight bulk head compartments and is fitted with ample life boats and rafts. The Joseph Cuneo is one tenth the size of the Dutch liner. A small tramp steamer carrying fruit between the West Indies and Boston, she is 210 feet long. 30 feet wide and her tonnage is S00. She flies the Norwegian flag and belongs to W. W. and C. W. Noyes, Boston. BOLT WRECKS STABLE HAGERSTOWN. Ind., May 26. i Lightning struck the new barn of Jeff ' Yoke, four miles east of Hagerstown, ! about 2 o'clock this morning and the ! structure and contents were destroy I ed. The loss of $2,000 is partially j covered with insurance. Weather Forecast FOR INDIANA Unsettled with thun der showers tonight or Thursday. Cooler tonight in east and south por tion. Temperature. Noon 63 Yesterday. Maximum 77 Minimum 4S For Richmond Occasional rains. Probably thunder showers tonight and Thursday. General Conditions The storm now over the Mississippi valley continues to move slowly eastward. It will cause unsettled weather tonight and Thurs day. A cool wave covers the Great Likes today. W. E. Moore, Weather Forecaster. CHEER RUSSELL AT LAST TALK BEFORE GHAPEL Earlham Students Show Loy alty for Head of Biblical Department as Board Hears Testimony. TRUSTEES ADJOURN Close Hearing Without De ciding Whether Dr. Kelly Is to Be Retained Head of College. As the students cheered Prof. El bert Russell to the echo in college chapel this morning, after he had con cluded what will have been his fare well chapel address unless he is re instated to the faculty, the Earlham trustees were hearing the testimony of the last witness summoned before the board. The trustees completed their inves tigation of President Robert L. Kelly's administration of college affairs at noon today and adjourned without having formulated any decision as to whether Dr. Kelly will be retained as president or whether he will be asked to tender his resignation. Courses Open to Board. It is understood that the trustees may meet some time in the near fu ture to make final disposition of the case. There is also a possibility that the trustees will decide to refer the question to the Indiana and Western j yearly meetings, which control and nuance me insmuiiuu. Several of the trustees have indi cated that they are dissatisfied with the methods President Kelly has em ployed in administering the affairs of the college, and are in favor of dis pensing with his services. There are other trustees who are very loyal to Dr. Kelly and are, ap parently, perfectly satisfied with his regime at the college. Consequently i a disagreement among the trustees on ' the question of removing Dr. Kelly j from the presidency would occasion 1 no surprise. In fact this is anticipated ! Continued On Page Two. TEUTONS FEEL STING OF ITALIAN WASPS j GENEVA, May 26. Two Italian ! submarines attacked Austrian ships i near Pola yesterday, fired eight tor pedoes at merchant ships and dam ; aged an auxiliary cruiser, according to a dispatch from Laibach. SET TRIAL DATE FOR SEIZED MEAT CARGOES i WASHINGTON, May 26. Ambassa ! dor Page at London today notified I the state department that he had been informed by Sir Edward Grey, British j foreign minister, that the request ot 1 the Chicago packers to have their de : tained cargoes brought to trial in a ! British prize court on June 7 had been ; granted. Four cargoes of meat, seized ! by the British last December, are in volved. COURT SETS DATE FOR BECKER'S DEATH j ALBANY, N. Y., May 26. Unless ; former Police Lieutenant Charles ! Becker secures a stay pending his j contemplated appeal to the United States supereme court, he will die in i the electric chair for the murder of i Herman Rosenthal the week beginning i Monday, July 12. The court of ap peals today fixed that time for his ex ecution. GERMANS TURN ON CZAR'S CENTER LINE PETROGRAD, May 26 In an at tempt to cut through the Russian cen ter and force the abandonment of the attacks on their own right and left wings the Austro German armies along the San are fiercely attacking the Czar's troops. News of this coun ter offensive by the Teutons caused surprise here today as recent reports had indicated that their campaign had collapsed. The Russians on the de fensive are resisting obstinately the new thrust. The Austro-Germans are losing heavily. KING CONSTANTI NE NEAR DEATH'S DOOR ' ' ' ' 4 V V's'i!i KIN6t COHSTAKTIHE Of GREECE ATHENS, May 26. King Constan tine is believed to be dying. The roy al family has been summoned. HOW TO REDUCE TAX RATE FROM $3.25 TO $1.25 County Auditor Bowman Tells Tax Commission Low Rate Possible on Cash Value of Property. PROPOSES CHANGES Suggests Reasonable Exemp tion of Household Goods, Longer Tenure for Treas urers; Better Classification How would a tax rate of $1.25 in stead of $3.25 sound? This is the suggestion of Auditor L. S. Bowman "who testified yesterday be fore the state tax commission recent ly appointed by Governor Ralston to obtain testimony and draft new taxing and assessment laws for the state. Mr. Bowman declared $1.25 would bring sufficient revenue for this county if the assessment of property were . Continued On Page Two. ITALIANS IN RICHMOND DIVIDED ON WAR ISSUE An Italian reservist said today the Italians in Richmond are as greatly divided on the Italian war question as the Americans were on what action the government should take on the Lusitania incident. The reservists have not received no tice officially that war has been de clared and will not return to their country until such notice is given. If they fail to respond to this call, they will never be able to return to Italy again because of the close registration system, not only of army men and re servists, but also of private citizens. Some of the more conservative Ital ians believe Italy plunged into war unnecessarily and favor a policy simi lar to the "watchful waiting" of Pres ident Wilson, the Italian said, who ex plained the situation. How Police Work. "The police are in charge of every thing in Italy all the time." he said. "In time of peace, if you wanted to go from one district to another as you go from Indiana to Ohio, we would have to have a customs house paper which is similar to a passport. If you don't have this, the police will arrest you. There is a. complete registration sys tem for everybody. Every district is districted into smaller sections and a person from one section of a city is not permitted to shop in a neighbor ing section without a permit. "This shows the strictness of Italy. I was not compelled to join the army. If there is only one son in a family he is expected to stay at home and help his mother and father. If there are two or more the others must go. It is sometimes necessary to remain at home because the wages there are UNOFFICIAL EXPRESSION BY TWO COMMISSIONERS CONTRADICT BOND S VIEW Chairman Duncan and Commissioner McClure Make State ment on Dilemma of City Officials to Secretary Haas of Commercial Club After Careful Study of Provisions of Statute Involved by Richmond's Condemnation Proceed ings Against Rival Electric Company and Request that the Public Service Commission Establish a Valuation for the Purchase Price. WITHDRAWAL REQUIRES SANCTION OF L. H. & P. City Attorney Bond Informed Council that Municipality Could Withdraw Condemnation Proceedings Before Purchase Valuation Had Been Fixed on Within 120 Days After Estimate Was Made Following Interview with State Officials Haas Declares Rescinding Resolutions by Coun cil Would Be Without Effect City Must Complete Deal or Take Appeal, Attorneys Say. The city of Richmond has actually purchased the electric plant of the Richmond Light, Heat & Power company, and there can be no withdrawal of condemnation proceedings either before or after the purchase valuation of the plant has been established by the Indiana Public Utilities commission, unless such action meets with the approval of the Light, Heat & Power company. Both Chairman Duncan of the state commission and Commis sioner McClure gave this as their unofficial opinion of the situa tion the city has placed itself in by filing condemnation proceed ings with the commission for taking over the electric plant of the local competing company. They were interviewed yesterday by Secretary Haas of the Richmond Commercial club. Haas Reports Opinion After Interview. "In giving their opinions each of the commissioners I talked to qualified their statements by saying that the question involved had never been brought up for consideration before in this state and that they might be mistaken in their interpretation of the law," Mr. Haas said today. "They said, however, that their off hand opinions were given after careful study of the provisions of the statute involved." The opinions given by these two commissioners are in direct contradiction of the opinion recently given the public service com mittee of the Commercial club by City Attorney Bond, who held that the city could withdraw its condemnation proceedings before the purchase valuation had been established or any time within 120 days after the fixing of this valuation. The opinions of Dun can and McClure are, however, practically the same as the inter pretation given the statute involved by the attorneys of the Light, Heat & Power company. Secretary Haas said today that under the hypothesis that the opinions of the two commissioners interviewed by him are author itative, any action by council rescinding its condemnation resolu tion prior to the date set for the hearing of the case would have no effect. Council Act Taken on Bond's Advice. What effect the unofficial rulings of two members of the state utilities commission on the hitherto enthusiastic advocacy of the purchase plan by the administration officials and couneilmen is not known. It is known, however, that this advocacy was based originally on the opinion of City Attorney Bond that if the pur chase valuation established by the commission was too high to be considered all the city had to do was withdraw its condemna tion action. The question raised by the City of Richmond in filing con demnation proceedings for the purchase of a privately-owned com peting plant has attracted the general interest of attorneys all over the state. Practically all who have expressed an opinion state their belief that the city must now take over the plant at the price fixed by the commission or take advantage of the 'only recourse provided by law. an appeal of the commission's order to the courts. No authoritative opinion has yet been given as to whether the purchase of the plant would be nullified in the event a bond issue in excess of the city's bond indebtedness limit was required. ITALIANS OCCUPY CITIES ON AUSTRIAN FRONTIER ROME, May 26 Striking rapidly at , the Austrian frontier positions, the . Italian army is winning all along the j front, according to an official report , from General Cadorna, the Italian com-1 mander-in-chief. issued at the war of-; fice today. All the frontier passes in the Cadore district have been captured by the Italians, who have also occupied sev eral more towns in Austrian territory. The official reports of operations thus far received show that the Ital ians are moving forward along a front of about sixty miles. The Austrians thus far have not offered battle, con tinuing their retreat and destroying bridges to hamper the Italian army. Report of General. The report from General Cadorna was as follows: "We have occupied all the frontier AdUT C&&tf ft Tb9 Qgy bom barded Conquemisurina without re sults during the night. "We took Valinferno pass with the bayonet. "The enemy is retiring everywhere, destroying bridges. "Our aviators threw bombs upon the electric works and railway station at Monfalcone. sixteen miles northwest oi Trieste. "Our troops on May 24 occupied Forcella. Montozzo, Tonale. Ponte de Caffaro, Guidicaria, the territory south of Ferrara, Montebaldo. Monte Come. Monte Foppiano. Pasubio. Monte Bof feleni, at the extremities of the of the Agno and Leogra valleys and the high defiles of the Brenta valley. We have taken several prisoners. Along the Friuli frontier and the middle Isonzo we continued success fully on May 25. On the lower Isonzo we continued our offensive In order to reach the line of the river.