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RICHMOKB) P AJXAJDIUM
VOL. XL., NO. 141- Palladium and Sun-Telegram Consolidated. 107 RICHMOND, IND., THURSDAY EVENING, MAY 27, 1915. SINGLE COPY. 2 CENTS t: FOUR ZEPPELIN AIRSHIPS DROP BOMBS ON ISLES Kill Two Women and Injure Child in Raid on Villages at the Mouth of the Thames River. PURSUED BY BRITISH Objective of Dirigibles Be lieved to Have Been Works Defending the Mouth of Thames River. LONDON, May 27. A fleet of Zep pelin airships delivered an attack against the British works defending the mouth of the Thames river early today, but were driven off by high angle guns and British aeroplanes be fore they could do any extensive de struction. The attack centered about South End-on-the Sea in Essex on the north ern side of the Thames estuary, about 35 miles from the center of London. Twenty incendiary bombs were dropped at South End causing great excitement and killing a girl. Another girl and a woman were wounded and several other persons were less ser iously hurt. Four Ships in Fleet. There were reported to be four Zep pelins In the fleet which was first sighted at 11:15 last night. The great dirigbles maneuvered, keeping high in tbe air, but at the height of the at tack they descended until they were within range of the anti-air craft guns. It was reported from Sheerness that a Zeppelin was seen speeding toward London. This was the sixteenth air raid of the Germans over the east coast. The balloons are believed to have crossed the North Sea from Zeebrugge. Two of the Zeppelins flew over Burn-ham-on-C'rouch, seven miles north of South End, but no bombs were dropped there. Admiralty's Statement. The admiralty issued the following statement through the government press bureau: "A Zeppelin visited the east coast at South End last night. The casual ties were two women killed and one child injured. The damage done was hot material. The Zeppelin, upon be ing pursued by our air craft, fled toward the east." A second Zeppelin appeared after the first had disappeared and dropped bombs for half an hour. HEAVY RAINS DRENCH MIDDLE WEST STATES OMAHA. May 27. The drowning of five persons in Nebraska was reported today as the result of yesterday's heavy rains. Six inches of rain had fallen in the twenty-four hours end ing at 10 o'clock today and in the east ern part of the state it is still raining. The heavy rains were general west of Chicago. Kansas City had nearly 3 inches of rain. At Fort Smith, Ark., more than one inch of rain has fallen in the last 24 hours. CAN'T PAWN COATS; COLD WAVE STAYS Not in manv years has the month of May been so cold in Richmond and vi cinity while other sections of the coun try report similar cold waves. Today the temperature stood at 41 degrees above zero. Mav 10 was the coldest :la of the month, when the tempera ture registered degrees above. On May 11 it was :'.! degrees above zero. New York dispatches today report I hat this is the coldest May 27 in the hi-tuiy of its weather bureau. The ti miierature dropped to 11 at ." a. m. The i old wave extends over New Eng land and the eastern states, killing frosts causing heavy damage in the northeastern states last night. Ileavv damage to fruit? and vege tables was done throughout Northeast :rn Ohio anil Western Pennsylvania h frosts last night. AERIAL BOMBS FATAL AMSTERDAM. May 27 Allied aviators have made another success ful attack upon Ostend causing ex tensive damaee and inflicting heavy loss of life among the Germans. Iur ng the latest raid the aviators are said to have destroyed a street car filled with German soldiers killing "'if r y and wounding thirty. Rombs dropped from the aeroplane also dam aged the harbor defence work and rail load station. Weather Forecast rOR INDIANA Unsettled tonight and Friday. Probably showers. Warmer. Temperature. Yesterday. Noon . Maximum 6 Minimum 41 For Richmond Occasional showers lonlght and Friday. Warmer Friday. General Conditions The storm is hoving slowly and is central south of he Ohio river. The cool wave over he lakes is moving eastward and is 'eing followed by rising temperature. V. K. Moore. Weather Forecaster. Will Italy's Campaign Plunge Switzerland Into the Conflict? I These two photographs show the famous citizen troops of the Swiss mountains. Above a column is seen proceeding through a very high valley, with a background of ice and snow covered mountains. Almost incredible feats of endurance are performed by these troops. Below a Swiss field artillery battery is seen at practice. In Switzerland every man is a soldier. The military training is not so extensive as in Germany but is considered very efficient. The Swiss have been noted fighters for many centuries and thousands of them have died as mercenaries in the service of various monarchs. GENEVA, Switzerland. May 27. Will Switzerland become a second Belgium? Will this little state be able to maintain its neutrality? Will she moreover, be able to feed her people and her many guests when all nations which surround her are locked in life and death struggle? The entry of Italy in the war pre sents these questions. It is an anx ious moment for the nation of William Tell. Consider the present military posi tion of the Teutonic allies. On the Italian frontier Austria and their ene mies have between them a mountain barrier nine thousand feet high. These mountains are pierced by only two railway passes. In addition to the nat ural defences, both nations have added an immense system of forts, bastions and field fortifications. Similarly on the other side of Switz eralnd the Yosges stretching north ASSAULT G0STS 0GDEN $10 IN POLICE FINES When Harley Koontz remonstrated with Ivan C. Ogden. because it had been reported to him that Ogden had been talking about Mrs. Koontz, he received for his pains a black eye. To day Ogden drew a fine of $10 and costs. It was brought out in the testimony that while Koontz was south for his health last winter Ogden was attentive to .Mrs. Koontz until Mrs. Ogden com- ! plained to the police about her hus ' band"s flirtation. i The case of Norman Thomas, col jored, charged with healing up his af i finity. f'earl Johnson, was taken un ! der advisement. The woman was or . derd to leave town. She said Thomas had attacked her twice lately. Thomas denied this and asked the court if it was reasonable to suppose that if he had mistreated Pearl she would buy drinks for him and follow him around every place. He said he had just got through serving 128 days in jail at Muncie on account of the woman. He said she went after him with a gun and he had to work on her with a knife in self defense. The prosecutor was much interested in Thomas' testimony that the Johnson woman had purchas ed drinks at the home of John Saun ders. AVIATORS RAID RHEIN PARIS. Mav 27 A fleet of nineteen French aeroplanes raided the Rhein valley of Germany carrying their at tack loo miles inside the German bor der, says an official statement of the war office. This is the second raid by the allies within forty-eight hours. The statement says all German counter attacks along the northern end of the battle front have been repulsed.' At Ludwigshafen in Bavarai on the Rhein river, the great plant of the Sadinsche Chemical works were de stroyed by French aviators. Ludwigs hafen is 90 miles east of Metz. INSULT ARMY OFFICER AMSTERDAM. May 27 Two Amer ican women, Mrs. Harriet Boyce of: San Francisco, and her daughter have been sentenced to three weeks im- prisonment at Linsau, Bavaria, for in- cultinc a German army officer. have proved a stumbling block to the ! r return ana me uennans aime. inese;fignt as bravely as Belgium did and two mountain lines of battle cannot j , . nnarpd However th few ha tnrne.fi ovnvnt hv u vlnlatlnn of ! SDe 18 Prepared. However, e lew the neutrality of the Swiss. By cutting across a little corner of southeastern Switzerland, Austria could pour an army through the En- gadine and suddenly emeree on the nlains of Milan, dealing a blow at the i heart of Italy. By invading a few j miles of northwestern Switzerland the j Kaiser might hope to approach the j French fortified district of Belfort , from the south. The same advantages would accrue to Italy or to France by using the ter ritory of this mountain people to flank Germany and Austria's forces and thus avoid the costly and slow "frontal at tack." Would it be worth the cost to the belligerents? That is what Switzer- HERE'S APPLICATION OF SCHOOL TEACHER FOR JOBJN WAYNE Believes He's Worth $75 a Month and Says Ohio's $55 Salary Too Small for Ability. Of hundreds of applications for po sitions received verbally and by letter each year in the office of the county superintendent, one which is proving itself most puzzling arrived in today's mail. Superintendent Williams ad mitted the unusual application has stirred his curiosity and whether to follow it up or not, he is undecided. The application came from Glen Roy, Jackson county, Ohio. It follows in part: "Mr. County Superintendent, Good morning to you. The sun is shining again after the long 'wet spell,' the birds are singing, my appetite is very good, and why shouldn't I be optimis tic this May morning? I don't even know who you are but. I am writing to you just like I'd known you always. I'm just a school teacher seeking a better job and living wages. Since our new law went into effect, weak schools receiving aid from the state are limited as to the wages they may pay. No school below the high school: and receiving state aid may pay more than $55 without forfeiting their right to state aid. I think my services are worth $75 and that is what I am ask ing. "I am 51 years old (but no 'fogy'), 165 pounds, 5 feet 10 inches tall, was born and 'raised' in farm, attended the ; f.nntrv school till I was Ifi vears old then taught country schools near home' several years. FIRE DAMAGES CLUB LAFAYETTE, May 27. The Fafay ette club, one of the finest buildings in the city, was badly damaged to the extent of $30,000 by fire and water to day. The furnishings in the club which cost $20,000 were damager by j water. The building was owned by; abcut loo business and professional ; men of the city. j land is wondering. Switzerland would hundred thousand troops, hardy and good marksmen though they be, would probably not suffice to check the great masses now engaged in the world war, especially as no attempt would De made to invade the heart of Switzer- land but only to use a handy corner as a roadway. The entr-v of Switzerland in the war on either side would be a great shock to the sympathies of a large share of the Swiss populace. Here in the north the Swiss speak German and are Teu tonic in their sympathies. Other parts of Switzerland are French speaking and still other Italian. The United States alone presents a parallel to the unanimity with which these people of diverse race stocks have so far stuck together. WAR FEVER GROWS; CITY TURNS ON FLY A new method of promoting fly swatting will be announced in a few days by the public health committee of the Commercial club. The commit tee met last night and discussed plans to increase Interest in killing off flies before they lay eggs. They fly swat ting campaign has not been vigorously pursued this season. Various mem bers of the committee report activi ties in the past month, including Dr. David W. Dennis, who has been con ducting a publicity health campaign through the newspapers. The committee discussed the arrival of Dr. Parry from Washington to make a. sanitary survey of the city and de cided that Dr. Parry should be prop erly guided to the city health office commencing work, as he will be ex pected to keep in touch with the health office most of the time he is here. WIRE CLICKS PAPA'S CONSENT TO WEDDING Telegraph wires played a new role with Cupid's activities yesterday and saved the day. As a result, Wednes day, May 2ti, was the wedding day of Earl Hutte, 20, of West Alexandria, O.. and Ruth Study, 19, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Arva Study of Williamsburg. Miss Study was a bookkeeper here. Hutte brought his bride-to-be to the court house yesterday for a marriage license. Unfamiliar with the Indiana laws, Hutte was dismayed to learn he had to have his father's consent to the marriage before a license could be issued. After a few minutes delay, Hutte and the marriage license clerk, Gus Hafner, solved the dilemma and Hutte telephoned to his father in West ' Alexandria, asking him to step to the f tfilorfVonVi 1 f f l " a o n v-1 i- zn V f i-m- - i ( J vi In ic.csan aim V , i. ic. i service. Within a short time a tele j gram arrived with the following mes sage: I give my consent to the mar riage of my son, Earl Hutte, to Ruth Study. F. A. Hutte." The telegram was attached to the license application and the license was granted. SNOWS IN MAINE. HOULTON, Me.. Mav 7. Snow fell thermometer here early today. The registered SO above. CZAR RETIRES 7 GENERALS IN ! GALICIAN ZONE! I Unofficial Dispatches Say j Przemysl Is Surrounded j by German Troops, Rein forced by New Forces. GET NEW MUNITIONS In Western Front Germans Claim Repulse of All At tacks in Lorette Hills and1 at Souchez. VIENNA, May 27. Dispatches from Budapest report that Austro-German troops in Galicia have reached and cut a railroad line between Przemysl and Lemberg, practically completing the investment of Przemysl. While the of ficial statements at the war office do not confirm this report, they state that the Germanic allies are making prog ress both north and south of Przemysl. The fighting has been resumed along the entire Gallician front with in creased violence. Both the opposing armies have been reinforced and the Austro-German troops have received fresh supplies of ammunition, the non arrival of which recently caused a temporary lull. SEVEN GENERALS OUSTED. PETROGRAD, May 27. Seven gen erals of the Russian army have been removed from their command as a re suit of the recent Austrian victories in Galicia. They have been retired. Five others have been relieved of field ser vice and attached to the commissary and transportation department. The change in the personnel of the commanding officers has been expect ed ever since Emperor Nicholas left for the front. The names of the gen erals removed from active service have not been made public. The Czar returned from the front today. WESTERN FRONT OPERATION. BERLIN, May 27. Hard fighting is going on on the north end of the bat tle line, but attempts of the French to break the German line have been re pulsed. Assaults were launched by the French in the Lorette hills, but these were repulsed with heavy losses. In the region of Souchez fierce fighting ! termining whether the rates establish is in progress with the French at- j ed for this utility by the commission tempting to drive the Germans from would bring in an estimated annual re- I uir.i uiveucuj. j uci iiidiia die again iui:ivt?u ill curuuai with the Belgians in West Flanders. At Dixmude one Belgian officer and 25 men were captured. TRY. COLORED WOMAN FOR SELLING LIQUOR AGAINST STATE LAW Bruce Ben.iett, colored, former scholar of Mayor Robbins when the latter was teacher of an Abington township school, was star witness for the state today in a case against Jen- I nie Boone, colored, charged with sell ing liquor unlawfully. The case was heard before a jury and Mrs. Boone was represented by Attorney Rich ardson, colored. Richardson in questioning Bennett intimated that Bennett was a police informer, or "stool-pigeon," and con temptuously referred to him as the "black hope of the police department. He also attempted to bring out the ract tnat Bennett had "squealed on 1 now pending will be withdrawn. Mrs. Boone because he had trouble; Company officials say that one with her over a board bill and also 'reason why there has been less re to secure immunity from being prose cuted on a ch trge of having attacked j a woman with a knife. ' A woman testified that she had spent the night of March 27 with Ben nett at Mrs. -Boone's home and the; following morning she had purchased two bottles of beer from Mrs. Boone with money given to her by Bennett. One man summoned lor jury duty was disqualified because he did not think it was wrong to sell liquor with out license. He said that in his opin ion there should be no such restrict ions upon its sale. The jury is com posed of the following: W. H. Romey, Elmer Smith, Frank Steins, James A. Williams, George Scott. Robert Boyd. Silas Zeller, Ben C. Hill. Ambrose La fuze, William Waking, Ray Robinson, E. H. Hasemeier. FOX RECALLS FROST IN ALL 12 MONTHS Judge Fox is not a climatological observer, he said today, nor a school teacher, but he made observations on ! learned that negotiations had come to the weather from the bench this morn-: a halt because the Pullman company ing. following a long walk he took declined to accept notes in the Ru's without. a topcoat. I sian government. "I've seen about seventy-eight sum-! mers. nut. 1 cannot remember thej weather in most of them." said the judge. "This is cold enough for mc , in May. Still I remember a year long ago when there was a frost every month, although net heavy enough to i do much damage." "Was that when you taught school : in Butler county?" the judge was ask-; : h . . m . . . i s. . i - i nat s situ tanner oacK. There Judge was a frost every day then," Fox answered. WASP PENETRATES SEA OF MARMORA DONDON, May 27. An Athens dis patch to the Star says that a subma rine of the Allies entered the sea of Marmora yesterday, proceeded almost to Constantinople and sank a Turkish destroyer before the Ottoman capital. FOR SPEEDWAY RESULTS WATCH THE PALLADIUM Returns of the Speedway race at Indianapolis Saturday, will be re ceived by The Palladium over a special leased wire running from the Speedway track directly to The Palladium office. Beginning at 10 o'clock In the morning and continuing until the race is over. The Palladium will announce results through tele phonic connections from its office to the site of the Dickinson Trust company building on the northeast coiner of Main and Eighth streets. A megaphone man will shout out results, lap by lap, tell of acci dents to racers, detail the position of each contestant, as the speed de mons grind out the 500-mile path to victory or defeat. There will be no delay In the transmission of the results from The Palladium office to Main and Eighth street, as the news will be reported to the megaphone man over a special telephone as each incident takes place. If you want to keep posted on the race, watch The Palladium bul letin station. Provisions will be made so that the position of each contestant will be given whenever asked for. STATE INQUIRES YEAR'S REVENUE OF WATER FIRM Engineers of Utility Board Examine Books to Deter mine Whether Rates Allow Reasonable Profit. THE CITY ECONOMIZES Unexpected Action Cuts Down Returns Below Esti mated Amount Higher Figures Expected as Result Engineers of the Indiana Public Utilities commission are at work on the books of the Richmond Water Works company for the purpose of de- turn of $S6 000t a sura sufficient to pro- vide the company a reasonable profit, in the opinion of the commission. The water rates established last year have been operative a little over eight months and the company now asserts that the returns for the twelve months will be $10,000 less than an ticipated by the commission. At the time the local water rates were esablished the company appealed the commission s order to the courts. where the appeal is still pending. The company has not petitioned the com ) mission for an increase in rates, Supt. ' Howard Dill" states, and the investi I gation now being made of the com ; pany's business is purely voluntary on i the part of the commission, j Rates May Increase. If the commission engineers report that the company's returns on its in i vestment are considerably less than I had been anticipated by the commis sion the company officials are antici ' pating an increase in rates. They I have intimated that if the contem plated increase meets with the ap j proval of the company the appeal case turns than had been anticipated by the commission was the; fact that the city has not been using as much water as it was thought it would use. City Attorney Bond stated today that no action in the re-investigation of the water works situation would be taken by tbe city unless it developed that the rights of the city and patrons of the company were to be infringed upon. RUSSIA'S POOR CREDIT HALTS BIG WAR ORDER ! CHICAGO, May 27 Failure of the 1 Russian government to obtain cash in ' the United States has cut off the pros . pect for placing a large contract for i freight cars in Chicago. For several weeks agents have been negotiating for between $r0.non.nnrt and $75.ooo.noo worth of new cars. Today it was AGED WOMAN STRUCK BY SWITCH ENGINE Mrs. Mollie Gibson-Johnson, a wom an over fifty years old. living at North Nineteenth, and F streets, was struck by a switch engine early last evening while walking along a track near the Twenty-second street crossing. She is deaf and did not hear the engine ap proaching and was not noticed by the engine crew. She was thrown several feet and her head badly cut. One rib was also broken. She is at the hospit al and is expected to recover. A rail road detective informed the police to day that lately he has had to order the woman away from a camp of Italian a borers two or three timer?. 20,000 GERMAN VETERANS MOVE AGAINST ITALY Teutonic Allies Rush Season ed Soldiers and Heavy Ar tillery to Check Victor Emmanuel's Army. KING GOES TO FRONT Austrians Hide Strength of Armies and Prepare to Strike Heavy Blow Against Former Allv. ON THE ITALIAN FRONTIER. Via PARIS. May 27. Twenty thousand German troops have pased through Salsburg towards the Italian frontier during the last twenty-four hours. These forces come from the western war theatre. Other German troops from the eastern theatre are rushing to the southern front to Innesbruck. An entire Austrian corps is enroute from Silesia, whence thirty batteries have been transferred to Trentino. German 17-inch guns have been placed in position near Gradisca and the sur rounding districts. King Victor Emmanuel arrived at the front today and assumed supreme command of the Italian armies that are pressing into Austrian territory along the entire frontier from Switzer land to the Adriatic sea. Expect Battle Soon. The first clash between German and Italian troops is imminent if it has not already occurred. A German army corps is concentrated on the Trentino frontier and is strongly entrenched. A dispatch to the Vossische Zeitung states that the main Italian army is approaching, the army being only two miles from the trenches when the message was sent. King Emmanuel announced his as sumption of the command with the following decree, issued as an order of the day: "Soldiers On land and see the sol emn hour of the vindication of our na tional claims has sounded. "Following the example of my great ancestor I assume today the supreme command of the land and sea forces with sure confidence of victory which your valor, self-sacrifice and discipline will bring. Foretell's Victory. "The enemy whom you are to fight is seasoned and worthy of you. He is favored by the ground and by scien tific preparation. He will offer ob stinate resistance, but your indomit able dash will certainly defeat him. "Soldiers, yours is the glory of hoist ing the tri color of Italy upon the sa cred bounds which nature places as the confines of our country. Yours the glory of accomplishing the work undertaken with so much heroism fav our fathers." Austrians Hide Strength. The offensive campaign of the Ital ian armies has opened auspiciously, but the Austrians. withdrawing slowly to their first line of organized trenches are yet to strike their first blow. Their preparations are known to he com plete, however, and even those most confident of the ultimate success of the Italian forces admit that they will win only after desperate fighting. Of course, it is impossible to see the strength of the Italian armies, but it is said at the Italian war office that the Austrian and German forces con centrated along the line number about tOO.OiiO. Most of them are seasoned veterans from 'the western and east ern theatres of war. TURKISH WASP SINKS TRIUMPH; REACHES PORT LONDON. May 27. The Turkish submarine which sank the British bat tleship Triumph in the Gulf of Sares off the northern shores of the Gallipoli peninsula, passed underneath the Anglo-French fleet in the Dardanelles when she set out to make the attack. The submarine steamed from a Turk ish base between the Dardanelles nar rows and the sea of Matamora which made it necessary for the under water craft to make her way between the French and British warships which are bombarding the Turkish forts on the Dardanelles and the Turkish coas'. WASP REACHES PORT. CONSTANTINO I'LK, May 27. Offi cial announcement was made today that the submarine which sank the British battleship Triumph in the Gulf of Saros had returned safely to its base. The attack on the Triumph was made under cover of darkness early Tuesday. The Triumph sank in a few minutes and the submarine command er believes she carried down with hr at least 3o of the rew . The sub marine was pursued by a British tor pedo boat. APPOINTS LINDLEY. Prof. Harlow Lindley of Earlham college has been appointed treasurer of the Wayne township Library board by Township Trustee Edgerton. suc ceeding W. P. Robinson who resigned because of heavy business duties. COLLECT FRIDAY As a number of Palladium car riers will attend the Speedway races at Indianapolis Saturday, col lections by carriers will be mads tomorrow instead of Saturday.