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IB V VOL. XLin.. NO. 334 SJTud. i.o7 Palladium and Sun -Telegram t 1 1 RICHMOND, IND.,: MONDAY EVENING, DEC. 9, 1918 SINGLE COPY 3 CENTS ITEM IIOIIEMZOLLERN WAS TOOL OF MILITARISTS SAYS HARDEN Feared He .Would Refuse to Sign War DeclarationNa tional Assembly to Decide Trial of Guilty. PLAN U. S. OF GERMANY (By Associated Press) LONDON, Dec. 9. Maximilian Har- don. editor of the Zukunft of Berlin, : Raid to the, correspondent of the Ex press, according to a dispatch from the German capital, ' that the impression abroad concerning former Emperor William Is a false one. He said that he, himself, had suffered too much through the former emperor to incur a charge of partiality, but that it was a fact that William Hahenzollern had no personal part in willing the war, but was a mere tool in the hands of the miltary party, by which he was regard, ed as a coward. VWhen the moment for declaring war came, the militarists were afraid he would refuse to sign the declara tion," said Harden. "The former em- : peror missed his vocation. He was never happier than when posing in the limelight. He ought to hare managed . a cabaret or taken a show on tour he was a great showman." Declaring he knew when America came into the war that Germany would be beaten. Herr Harden said: "I fought with the censors, to tell . the people this, and when President Wilson published his fourteen points I advocated their acceptance, because I knew we could not get beter or more favorable conditions." SUFFICIENTLY PUNISHED. LONDON. Doc. 9. William Hohen lollern already has been sufficiently punished, but it is essential that his part in causing the war should be clearly established, says Phillipp Scheidemann, the former German sec retary of finance and colonies, In an interview with the representative of the Express. He raid the establish ment of a state tribunal to try all per sons guilty of causing the war Is being discussed, but must be decided upon by the national assembly, Herr Scheidemann, according to the KxpreiB, said further that Dr. W. S. Solf, foreign minister, remains in the. government because it is believed he has the confidence of Great Britain and America. The eventual government Germany will bo republican in form a United States of Germany, Herr Scheidemann predicted. MUNITION WORKERS STRIKE BERLIN, Dec. 8. Eager to make members of the Spartacus party mar tyrs as the result of Friday's rioting, Dr. Karl Llebknecht, the leader of this faction, lost co time in staging a spec tacular open-air meeting at the Tier garten last night. His call for the meeting brought forth four thousand munition workers who had responded to the demand for a general walkout. These men and women marched through Unter den Linden to the Tiergarten until they reached the point where the avenue of victory intersects the Charlotten burger Chaussee. There Dr. Lleb knecht mounted the base of one of the granite statues erected in honor of the Hohenzollerns and made an address. The semicircle of Dr. Liebknecht's auditors was flanked on all sides by machine guns mounted on motor trucks which commanded all approach es. Dr. Llebknecht harangued the crowd In his familiar style, indicting Friedrlch Ebert, the premied, Philip Scheidemann and other "kaiser so cialists" for complicity in Friday's riot ing. He called upon the masses to organize red guards and beat off the attacks of counter-revolutionists. At a late hour tonight Berlin was - absolutely quiet. It is estimated by the Tagcblatt that the number of de (Continued on Page Twelve) r All You Need Is a Heart and A Dollar The Weather For Indiana by United States Weather Bureau Rain tonight and warmer in northeast portion. Tues day partly cloudy in south, rain or snow in north portion. Colder. Today's Temperature. Noon 58 Yesterday. Maximum 60 Minimum 50 For Wayne County by W. E. Moore Rain tonight, Tuesday partly cloudy ,mnd colder, possibly snow flurries. Mght soutn winas Decoming onsK westerly by Tuesday. General ConditionsAn extensive torm. developed Sunday over the west and la causing general rains as far cast as central Ohio, this morn ing. It is colder in the west, behind the stonu but not severe for the sea- Join J the Red ! Cross L "Pep" of Yanks Freed From German Prisons . ' Surprise to the Swiss '(By Associated Press) GENEVA, Dec, 9. A mild sensation has been caused here by the arrival from Lyons of two American sanitary trains to take released American pris oners back. The chief of the Geneva Red Cross said that since the begin ning of the war he had seen 550 trains of prisoners of all nationalities pass through Switzerland, but was forced to give the palm for morale and an thuslasm to the Americans. Major Senzel of the Swiss army, who examines soldiers after their re lease, said that he was astonished at the discipline of the new American army. ALLIED CHIEFS MAKE OFFICIAL ENTRYJN METZ Cheers Greet Pershing and Military Leaders in Pom care's Party. (By Associated Press) METZ, Sunday, Dec. 8. After giv ing hearty greetings to the French troops three weeks ago, Metz today re ceived President Poincare and repre sentatives ofyevery branch of the French government. The enthusiasm shown was more than significant. In the first surprise at again finding themselves French, the people of Lor raine were unable to express their emotion. They now have become fa miliar with French uniforms and French martial music has been heard every day since the first entrance of General Mangln's army. They have become accustomed to French occupa tion which, true to the military spirit for which they are famous, they thor oughly enjoy The visit of President Poinare and representatives of the French govern ment meant more than military oc cupatlon. The people of Metz looked upon it as a sort of official entry Into possession of the city. They approved of it by the presence of a vast throng that continually cheered President Porn- care, Premier Clemenceau, Marshals Joffre, Foch and Petain and Field Marshal Haig and General Pershing, who were included in the official party that assembled here today. . All the bunting in Metz was flying when the presidential train pulled in to the station a little after 9 o'clock. The streets were as crowded as it was possible to allow in view of the space required for the passage of the offic ial party. The girls of Metz, wearing their national costume, were banked on both sides of the street from the sta tion to the Esplanade. Behind them were packed men and women carry ing the French flag and wearing ar tificial tricolor bouquets in default of real flowers. Shouts acclaiming the president. the premier and the general officers could be heard, from the Esplanade long before their carriage appeared In sight. All around the square of the Esplanade were great grandstands, while crowds covered the housetops and filled the windows, giving the vis itors a hearty welcome. Marshals Joffre. Foch and Petain and Generals Pershings, Fayolle and Gouraud re ceived the warmest greetings when they were recognized by the great throng. 13. S. Gets Publicity in Swiss Newspapers (By Associated Tress) BERNE, Dec. 9. Prominent French and German language newspapers in Switzerland have begun printing ex tended series of articles about Ameri ca. These articles are based on ob servations made by newspaper repre sentatives who have Just completed a tour of the United States under the auspices of the committee on public Information. The first Installments of the 6eries which have appeared constitute the greatest and most favorable volume of publicity of an educational nature that America has ever received in this country. They have made a dis tinctly good impression everywhere. The editors have written in a serious and earnest vein, sprinkling their friendly comments with occasional criticisms and numerous anecdotes. 1,411 MORE TROOPS REACH NEW YORK (By Associated Press) NEW YORK, Dec. 9. The steamship Sierra arrived here today carrying 1,411 American troops from training camps in England. Music and Day's News Provided for Soldiers (Bv Associated Press) WASHINGTON, Dec. 9. Music and the day's news, both over the tele phone, are to be provided by the Red Cioss for every patient In the recon struction wards of the Walter Reed hospital here. If the system proves successful, similar ones will be install ed in all hospitals in the country where wounded and sick soldiers are under treatment. By each soldier's bed will be a tele phone receiver connected with a mu sic box or person reading news bul letins. The patient can "listen in" by pressing a button on his telephone. DENY STEEL PLANT REQUEST NEW YORK, Dec. 8. National War Labor Board, denied the request of the Bethlehem Steel company, that the board's examiners be withdrawn from the company's machine shops. GERMANS ORDERED SUBJECTS OUT OF MUNITION PLANTS Imperial Code Cited to Keep Oermans m U. o. rrom Working on Material for Allies. : , y - By Associated Press) WASHINGTON, Dec. 9. More let ters from the secret file of Count v'on Berstorff were read to the senate com mittee investigating German and brewery propaganda today by A. Bruce Bielaski, chief of the bureau of inves tigation of the department of Justice Among them were instructions to all German consuls in the United States to get German subjects out of plants producing material for the allies. The consuls were ordered to stop Germans above the rank of common laborer from working In such plants under a section of the imperial code and to report to the German consulate at New York. Spent $7,500,000. Bielaski testified that Germany spent more than 17,500.000 for the dis semination of propaganda in this coun try from the beginning of the war. Some of this he said, was used In pur chasing controlling interest in news papers, some for the printing and dis tribution of pamphlets and some was sent to the German consulate in prin cipal cities. The money used for propaganda was obtained largely through the sale of German treasury notes in this coun try, Bielaski said. PROSPERITY RESTS ON FOREIGN TRADE SAYS CHAMP CLARK (By Associated Press) BALTIMORE, Dec. 9. America's future prosperity rests in large meas ure on the increase of its foreign trade. Speaker Champ Clark of the house of representatives, said in an address here today at the opening of the annual convention of the Southern Commercial Congress. "The one prob lem resulting from the war with which the Southern Commercial Congress is most concerned Is what arrangement will be made touching the freedom of the seas," said Speaker Clark. "When but a handful, for the freedom of the seas, we fought the most power ful nation on earth. Last year and this, we fought the central powers for the fredom of the seas, nor after all is said and done, that Is the chief rea son why we participated in the war. "We can depend on President Wil son to secure freedom of the seas at the congress of Versailles. In that connection the principal question with which this commercial congress should wrestle is how to increase our for eign trade, for upon that rests in largest measure the future prosperity of this republic." The immense merchant marine built up during the war should be maintain ed for ever, Mr. Clark declared, and added that the only way to do it "is to modernize our, navigation laws, make our seamen tj most efficient, and above all thingain your foreign trade." "We have nd time to lose in the preparation for the trade war which comes simultaneously with peace, warned Speaker Clark in concluding. "Great Britain and France have been busily and scientifically preparing for it even within the sound of the roar of the great guns." Mooney Strikes Are Called Off Until After Workers' Congress (By Associated Press) SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 9. Strikes planned throughout the country as n protest against the conviction and further incarceration of Thomas .1. Mooney have all been called off until a special labor congress can meet in Chicago on January 14 to consider all phases of the Mooney case, the inter national workers' defense league an nounced here today. The league an nounced they had complied with its request to postpone action until af ter the workers' congress. 38TH U. S. INFANTRY CITED FOR BRAVERY (By Associated Press) PARIS. Dec. 9. The citation of the thirty-eighth U. S. infantry regiment( published Sunday in the Journal Of ficiel reads: "The 38th infantry under Col. U. G. McAlexander, on July 15, being at tacked on its front and outflanked on it3 right and left, faithful to orders, maintained its position on the bank of the Marne, and, despite all, threw back the superior numbers of the en emy, capturing more than 200 pris oners." Third American Army Advances North of Boms (By Associated Press.) WASHINGTON,. Dec. 9 General Pershing's report on the line reached by the American -army of occupation last Saturday says: "Units of the third American army north of Boms advanced today reach ing the line' Mechemheim-Kempenich. South of Kempenich our lines re mained unchanged." BACK TO OLD JOB. NEW YORK, Dec. 9. Charles Schwab announced that he will imme diately return to the active manage ment of the Bethlehem Steel com pany. . - i At right, above, Countess Markievicz is shown at work among the poor Dublin; center. Miss Christabel Pankhurst; right, Miss Mary Mc- Arthur, and below, Mrs. Emmelie Pethic Lawrence. RICHMOND ME AT GAS HEARING Richmond will be represented at the hearing conducted by T. B. Gregory, in charge of the natural gas division of the federal fuel-administration, at Washington on Tuesday. Guy Robie, Wayne county fuel administrator, City Attorney Robbing and Nimrod John son, manager of the Richmond Light, Heat and Power company, are on their way to Washington. : The natural gas situation of Ohio and Indiana will be discussed. Munici palities of these states through an or ganization perfected in the last month will ask that manufacturers be denied the use of the natural product during the winter months, and that the gov ernment issue a ruling ordering gas companied to furnish the fuel to do mestic consumer only " Gas men say that the supply is ade quate for domestic consumption on these states. They will argue that the rights of the domestic consumer have priority claim over industrial users. Manufacturer, they believe, can in stall oil burners to supply the heat now produced by natural gas. The meeting will have an important bearing on the gas situation in Rich mond. If the fuel administration ac cedes to the request of the represen tatives of the Indiana and Ohio cities, Richmond will be assured of a copious supply of the natural product this winter. NO U. S. SOLDIER PUT TO DEATH FOR MILITARY CAUSE (By Associated Press) WASHINGTON. Dec. 9 Not a sin gle member of the American army hag been put to death since the beginning of the war because of the commission of a purely military offense, Maj. Gen. Crowder, judge advocate general, de clared in his annual report today to Secretary Baker. General Crowder said this fact is the outstanding fea ture of his report. . , "Very few death sentences have been imposed," he said, "and none of those imposed for purely military of fenses have been carried into exe cution." Records of the judge advocate gen eral's office show 12,357 officers and men were brought before general courts of whom 10,873, or 88 per cent, were convicted. More than half of the charges against officers were list ed under three heads: Absent with out leave, drunkenness, and conduct unbecoming an officer. Convictions of enlisted men for de sertion, the general said, were act ually less than in the previous year, although the strength of the army had increased many fold. The report shows that one enlisted man was tried and convicted of "be ing a spy" and that 773 men were convicted of sleeping on post. FRENCH GENERAL REACHES BERLIN (By Associated' Press) WASHINGTON,: Dec. 9. General DuPcnt of the French army has ar rived In Berlin, according to advices received here today and has estab lished his headquarters in the palace formerly occupied by the French em basy. Gen. DuPont has been entrust ed with the transport and repatriation otf French prisoners held in Germany. Suffrage Leaders Nominated for Parliament by British walk' mtmsse W Organization China's Greatest Need, Says Mrs. David Dennis The present vital needs of China are organized government, halting of hos tilities among the various factors, and education of the people, according to Mrs. David Dennis, who has arrived at her home in Richmond, after a year's stay in China with her son, William C. Dennis, legal advisor to the Chinese government. , - V4-.P(.'.. Until this i3 done, said Mrs. Dennis, we can expect no more of China than we now have 400,000,000 people, and a nameless number of languages, cus toms, ideas and governments. "There is no direct government In China. The city of Peking might be called well organized; it is the seat of government, the president resides there; but what 13 one city? All the railroads in China can be counted on one hand. The telegraph lines are about as extended. Another thing is the language question. You cannot speak about learning the Chinese lan guage. There is no such thing. The dialects are numberless. "Rule and control as I observed it is not very effective. For Instance, China is overrun with bandits. A friend of ours while traveling between two well known towns recently was taken captive and held on a ransom. The ransom required by the bandits was that they be given positions as officers in the Chinese army. They received it. The Chinese government says it stands responsible, but I came by river when I had to make a similar trip, for I did not see that the Chinese govern ment could do very much about my neck if it were broken. Friends to U. S. "I had any number of Chinese tell me of their own accord that they felt every friendliness toward the United States. They consider America their friends, I should judge. Of course, the college of Ising Hua, which derived financial aid from the United States following the Boxer uprising, is very friendly toward America. During the pneumonia plague, and low land inundations the suffering in China was terrible," Mrs. Dennis said. "At that same time came calls for re lief work in Siberia and Belgium. One was asked continually to do something toward some sort of relief work. The natives did heroic work during those RITISH PLEASED BY 11. S. HONOR fBv Associated ?-ress.) LONDON, Saturday. Dec. 7. Cor dial appreciation of the honor con ferred by the United States in cele brating Britain, day is expressed by newspapers here. "A new page in Anglo-American his tory is being turned," says the Tele graph. "We and the Americans have discovered we have many ideals ini common, it may be tnere never win be an Anglo-American alliance, but it will be a great achievement if any troubles ahead of the two nations in the course of their economic develop ment are confronted in a spirit of good comradeship such as has marked our co-operation in war times. "The people of the. United States are paying a tribute of admiration of the people of the British commonwealth, ait no tribute could be half so grate ful to us, for. we feel we can repay it from our hearts. Manifold have been the ties betwen two peoples, but such celebrations would have been impos sible until now. Here and in America it Is shown , that, notwithstanding many differences in unessentlals, the agreement is profound upon all that matters most," ' The Times dwells on the necessity for co-operation in future and con cludes its comment by giving warning against German propaganda. Fourteen women were among the candidates nominated recently for the British parliament. They include Miss Christabel Pankhurst, daughter of Mrs. Emmeline Pankhurst, the suff rage leader; Mrs. Emmelie Pethick Lawrence, joint editor of Votes for Women-; Miss Mary McArthur, secre tary of the British Women's Trades union, and Countess Georgina Mark ievicz of Dublin. Countess Markievicz is a Sinn Fein leader and was one of the most prom inent figures of the short-lived Irish rebellion. Miss Pankhurst has been active in the British militant suffrage movement more than ten years. In 1908 she was imprisoned for ten weeks for a political offense and thereafter figured in the harassing of Premier Asquith. times, and they are yet. Nowhere in the world will you find such a re markable people, so capable, so healthy when given an opportunity, so bright, and so unhappily unsuccess ful in their governmental affairs. There is one thing, however, which I did not see or hear of being done there, and that was. the giving of aid to those who were too lazy , to help themselves. That is not done, I think, except In a very few cases. In speaking of the Integrity of the Chinese Mrs. Dennis spoke of a road building project put on by the ,Y. M. C. A. Only men whose families would die if they did not have work were to come for work on these roads, and they say that only two cases of untruthfulness were found among the hundreds who were put to work. These men made a salary of about 3 or 4 coppers a day, and probably re ceived a salary amounting to $15 a month. TO EXTEND FURTHER LOANS TO ALLIES (By Associated Press) WASHINGTON, Dec. 9. Congress was asked by Secretary McAdoo today to authorize a loan after the declara tion of peace to governments which have been associated with the United States in the war, to aid in feeding and reconstructing devastated country. The secretary estimated that about a billion and a half dollars of war already authorized will be available for this purpose, but loans can not be continued after peace is proclaim ed without specific legislative author ity. A special meeting of the house Ways and Means committee to which the request was addressed, was called Wednesday to hear Mr. McAdoo and assistant Secretary Leffingwell on the subject. WILSON INVITED " TO VISIT COLOGNE (By Associated Press) AMSTERDAM, Dec. 9-Presldent Wil son is invited to visit Cologne by the Volkeszeitung of that city, which sug. gests that representatives of the Ger man foreign ministry meet him there. The independent republic of Schle-wig-Holstein will soon be proclaimed, according to the Weser Zeitung of Bremen. This newspaper also states that sanguinary encounters between hussars returning from the front and red guards occurred at Brunswick on December 5. Finding a deputation of red guards and members of the sol diers' and workmen's council drawn up to welcome his men, the comman der of the Hussars ordered that fire be opened on the crowd. His men obeyed and the red guards returned the fire. The mob tore the hussars from their horses, disarmed them and forced them to march behind the red flag into the city. Miss Wilson Sings for Wounded Americans (By Associated Press) PARIS, Dec. 9. Miss Margaret W. Wilson, daughter of President Wilson, arrived at St. Nazaire yesterday and 6ang before 3.500 American soldiers who will sail for home in a few days. Miss Wilson will sing at different cities along the seaboard while await ing the arrival of President Wilson. EUROPE PLANS HIGH HONORS TO BE PAID PRESIDENT General Holiday to be Ob served in Paris When Wil son Arrives Italy's Rulers to Greet Party. MAY CALL GARFIELD (By Associated Press) PARIS, Dec. 9. During the prelim inary conversations to fix the program for the peace conference it is probable that the allied delegates will decide if the organization of a society of na tions will be elaborated at the peace congress or left to a further confer ence, the Petit Journal says. WASHINGTON, Dec. 9. Fuel Ad ministrator Garfield has been asked by President Wilson to hold himself in readiness to join the peace delega tion in Paris to advise concerning problems of fuel production and distri bution. Similar requests have been re ceived by Henry P. Davison, , chair man of the Red Cross war council and Bernard M. Baruch, chairman of the war industries board. It is under stood that the call for all three officials may come shortly after the President lands in France. OCCASION OF CEREMONY PARIS, Dec. 9 Elaborate plans are being made by the French govern ment for the entertainment of Presi dent Wilson. These plans include various state dinners and official calls and probably a gala night at the opera. The program will be completed in the next few days. Up to the present it has been decid ed that President Wilson upon arriv al at the Bois de Boulogne station at 10 o'clock Saturday morning will ba met by President Poincare and other members of the French government He will then go immediately to the Murat mansion which will be his home while he is in Paris. No definite decision has been reached as to what the president will do on Sunday but it is probable he will drive about Paris. It is possible that other plans may be made before that time. Mr. Wilson's drive , on Jtfonday. to the hotel do vUfe will be an occasion of considerable ceremony. School Children to Celebrate. As soon as possible after his ar rival Mr. Wilson will confer with Col. E. M. House. The conference prob ably will take place at the "Maison Blanche de Paris." Col. House has been quite busily engaged quite re cently and is in position to furnish the president with considerable in formation which may be of value in the task lying before him. The school children of Paris will be out In force when the president ar rives. Thursday is usually a school holiday in Paris, as Saturday is in the U. S. King George of England and King Albert of Belgium arrived in Paris on Thursday so that the child ren did not have an extra holiday which the arrival of President Wilson will give them. Virtually all the mercantile estab lishments in Paris have notified their employes that next Saturday will be a full holiday. It is expected to be a larger celebration than any before seen in Paris. The streets near the station where the president will arrive will be filled with people. The Soc ialists are taking a great Interest in the occasion of Wilson's visit. ARRANGE DEMONSTRATION. ROME, Sunday. Dec. 8. The offi cials of the Italian foreign ministry held a conference today at the Ameri can embassy to decide on the program for President Wilson's visit to Rome. Some difficulty is being encountered because it is not known how long the President will be here. President and Mrs. Wilson and the President's party will be met at the station by all the members of the cagi net, the mayor of Rome, representa of the Roman municipalities and prom inent men who wear the collar of the Order of Annunciati, which entitles them to rank as cousins of the king. Whether King Victor Emmanuel per sonally will go to the station to meet the President or whether he will send a member of the royal family has not yet been decided. The American vis itors will be driven from the station to the quirinal in royal carriages escorted by the king's body guard. The queen will welcome the party at the royal palace. Clubs and political associations have arranged for demonstrations in the street through which the President will drive. BRITISH TROOPS RUSHED TO COLOGNE t (By Associated Press) AIX LA CHAPELLE. Friday, Dee. 6 British troops have been hurried to Cologne to maintain order, but what the nature of the trouble there has been or how serious it is, la not stated In the brief unofficial announcement It is reported that red forces and their . . opponents have been rioting and that the situation demands armed British , forces. ' ... . - In the meantime 'British infantry have been pushed up as far as Buren which was entered tonight. Stringent , orders have been Issued along the British front forbidding and one not actually a member of the army of occu pation to cross the border without a special pass.. .