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VOL. XLIII..NO. 335 Consolidated 107 Palladium and Sun -Telegram RICHMOND, IND., TUESDAY EVENING, DEC. 10, 1918 SINGLE COPY 3 CENTS PLOTTERS ARE TAKEtl It! RAID CONDUCTED BY ERERT TROOPS Over 2,000 Yankees Leave Han Prisons (By Associated Press) BERLIN. Monday, Dec. 9. Two thousand six hundred American pris oners of war Interned at Camp Ras tatt left there yesterday and today for Switzerland. Two hundred other Americans who have been scattered in various camps in Germany are leaving Germany by way of Holland and Den mark. It is expected that the last of the Americans will be out of German camps by the middle of this week. THE ABIUM AMERICA GAVE WORLD HOPE AND IDEALS SAYS CZECH Entrance of U. S. in War In sured Itself and World Fu ture Tranquility, Premier Tells Correspondent. NEARLY 5,000 M WILL BE NEEDED AT PEACE MEET HE WHO LAUGHS LAST, LAUGHS BEST V 7 t ) J 14 ii 1 O1 ) ) - III 22 Men Found in Apartment in Hotel on Unter Den Lin " den Taken in Custody Hidden Guns Seized. FORM ROYAUST PARTY (By Associated Press BERLIN, Dec. 10. A dramatic se quel to Friday's attempted arrest of the executive committee of the Sol diers' and Workmen's council occurred X'today when the Hotel Bristol, one of the more fashionable places, on Unter den Linden was raided by order of the Kbert-IIaase cabinet. All exits of the hotel were guarded by troops and the premises were searched on the strength of rumors that plotters were concealed there. In one of the large apartments, the raid ers found 22 men suspected with com plicity in Friday's raid. Among them were Baron Rheinbaben, former Prus sian minister of finance, and the younger prince Hohenlohe. A number of students were found in the room. The entire party ft under detention. Three hundred guns which were found In an adjoining chamber, were seized. Count Matuschka, one of those alleged to have been involved in Friday's dis orders, has not yet been arrested. Prince Henry of Prussia, brother of the former German emperor, iias pro claimed the establishment of a royalist party In Germany. REESTABLISH ORDER COLOGNE, Dec. 10. Order has been reestablished In Cologne as the result of the arrival of n advance guard of British troops. There had been sev eral days of the keenest anxiety in the city caused by extensive riots and pillaging on the part of mobs of the lower class, with attendant bloodshed when the turbulent element clashed with hastily organized guards of re sponsible citizens armed with rifles and machine guns. The disorders began Wednesday night after the withdrawal of the Oer man troops from the city. They con tinued the next night in various quar utters on a large scale. Much damage was none 10 property anu a imge quantity of goods was stolen from the stores. . According to Burgomaster Adenauer the rising was due to the inability of the poor to obtain food and clothing owing to the scarcity of these necessi ties. He thought there was little rea son to doubt, however, that the trouble also was due in part to the freshly inoculated Bolshevik idea among the populace that it was needless to wofk any longer. With the removal of the restraint exercised by the presence of the German troops the overwrought nerves of the people seemed to have given way and they went out to take forcibly what they were unable to buy. The regular police were unah"j to handle the situation and 3,000 "of the citizens were called and armed by the burgomaster to maintain order. A fight between the rioters and this civil guard resulted in several of the rioters being killed. The burgomaster finding that the conditions continued to be grave, then applied to the armistice commission to hasten the allied oc cupation. Claims Food Scarcity. The troubles ceased with the appear ance of the troops yesterday Today a cordon of British forces was thrown out of the city along the Rhine. Affairs In Cologne now are moving smoothly to all outward appearance. Burgomaster Adenauer, however, told the correspondent that the city was facing starvation, as only a week's supply cf food was in sight. Other German cities, he declared, were in equally dire straits, being unable to obtain food quickly and not knowing what might happen as the result of the scarcity, while fresh supplies, he de clared, could be obtained only from the allied countries. "We have been enemies, but for the love of humanity, come to our aid now," the burgomaster urged vehe mently. At last one of the best known Co logne hotels today was serving an ex cellent and plentiful luncheon consist ing of soup, fish, meat, four kinds of vegetables, wines, cheese, bread, com potes and fruit. It goes without say ing, however, that the possession of food by this palatial hotel is no proof that the poor are not hungry.- The actual situation could only be deter mined by a careful investigation, for which the correspondent had no facili ties. PARIS. Monday. Dec. 9. The Franco-American forces which occupied Alx la-Chapelle Saturday were com manded by General Degoutte. In ad dressing the trops Gen. Degoutte re called that Charlemagne had made l-la-Chapelle the capital of the bor derland destined to stem the tide of Teutonic Invasion. The tomb of Char lemagne was decorated with French Sags. General Degoutte declared that the former German emperor was the fo meutor of the war and that he now a as awaiting unavoidable punishment. EMBARGO AT PITTSBURG. PITTSBURG. Pa., Dec. 10. An In definite embargo was placed on hog hlpments to Pittsburg this afternoon by the railrcad administration on re quest of the live stock exchange and t.'nlon Stock Yards. The action was taken because the large receipts of the last two days which have overstocked .he market here JUST BUT STERN PEACE ADVISES LLOYD GEORGE Freedom of Seas to be Grav est Problem at Peace Con ference, Say English Statesmen. (By Associated Press) LONDON; Via Montreal. Dec. 10. In concluding peace the allies must not make the same mistake that Ger many made In connection with Alsace Lorraine in 1871, Premier Lloyd George said in the course of an ad dress he made to the meeting of wo men in Albert hall yesterday. The peace must be just, he declared, "be cause justice breeds justice and com mands acceptance, while vengeance stirs up wrath and breeds vengeance." The premier contended that the peace must be a stern one, however, because it must have "the sternness of justice as well as the equity of Jus tice." The premier reaffirmed his declaration that the Germans in the United Kingdom should be expelled from it because they had abused its hospitalities and should not get an other chance. 1 MUST HAVE POLICE - FORCE. CAMBRIDGE, Eng., Monday, Dec. 9. The establishment cf a league of nations will not result in the develop ment of a world In which no wars will occur, armaments will be unnecessary and reason ill supplant violence, in the opinion of Sir Eric Geddes, first lord of the admiralty, expressed In an ad dress here tonight. Under the most favorable conditions, declared Sir Eric, It was to be expected that a police force would be required. On the sea, be added, the British navy had performed that function faithfully and impartially; preventing the free nations from being crushed by Germany. He regarded it as incon ceivable that the supremacy of the British navy would ever be surren dered. The first lord expressed belief that Germany should be made to refund the full cost of the war and pay for all the damage she had done by sea and land to the uttermost farthing. MUST GUARD SUPREMACY. LONDON, Dec. 10 One of the grav est problems at the peace conference will be based on what is meant by "freedom of the seas" and what con cessions Great Britain is going to make in that direction,' said Sir Fred erick E. Smith, attorney general, in a speech at Liverpool yesterday. He adled that he was engaged in prepar ing a memorandum on the subject for the war cabinet. "America has rendered brilliant service in the cause of civilization," Sir Frederick said, "and Great Britain is bound to approach the conference with a determination to concede every thing possible to American sentiment and American views, having regard for national security and existence of the empire. "Americans must remember that the seas are free to everyone in peace time and that to none has that free dom been denied. In time of war, how ever, one might as well talk of the freedom of the land as the freedom of the seas. Imagine Belgium, northern Fiance and Serbia talking about free dom of the land. "The moment war arises great coer cive and primeval forces assert them selves and the region of law Is aban doned for the assertion of naval and military forces. Belligerents during the war had a right to carry on war. Neutrals had the right to carry on trade. But if there was a collision between the right of belligerents to put restraint upon the enemy and the right of neutrals to carry on trade, the subordinate right of the neutrals had to give way to the imperious pri mary right of the belligerents. "It has been recognized for more than three centuries that a nation which is supreme is as much entitled to impose its will maritlmely on in ferior enemies by blockade as a na tion stronger on land is able to Impose its will militarily on a weaker nation. "I am not sure that Great Britain will not have to say to the allies at the peace conference: 'We shall be quite satisfied with such a definition of freedom of the seas as will enable the British navy in the unfortunate event of future wars to do exactly what the British navy, aided by the American navy has been doing for the past eighteen months.' " All You Need Is a Heart and A Dollar Join the Red Cross SAFE IN OWN STRENGTH (By Associated Tress) PRAGUE, Dec. 10. "There are peo ple who believe the world must come to an end because the Austrian and German empin no more exist, but they know they will be happier and especially you In America. It is the first time in the history of nations that generosity has conquered selfish ness, and when the news came to me withjn my prison wall that America had entered the war, I was unable to believe It" Dr. Karl Kramarz, pre mier of Czecho-Slovlkla, made this statement to a representative of the Associated Press today. The interview took place in Hrad cany castle, -the seat-of the ancient Bohemian kings. This magnificent pile overlooks the city of Prague from the northwest. .When the correspond ent entered the waiting room, the' first object he noticed was the bust of Pres ident Wilson drapped with stars and stripes. ' Dr. Kramer for many years fought for the rights of the Czcho people. He was- arrested at Prague on July. 1, 1915, and following his trial at Vienna was sentenced to death. King Alfonzo of Spain appealed tn his behalf and the death sentence was commuted to fifteen years imprisonment. Dr. Kra marz was released under ' Emperor Charles amnesty proclamation of July 14, 1917. He was named premier of Czecho-Slovakia on Nov. 19 last Germans to be Menace. -. "I have always believed In the new life of peoples," Dr. Kramarz con tinued, "but the great crowning truth of this belief was the American dec laration of war. I had grown old and cynical and could not believe the news, but now since the war has been won I am pleased to feel that America has not only given hopes and Ideals to millions of people but Us national con science has been enlivened and leading to better things. Safe in its strength America is facing the future tran quilly. . " " ' ' " ' "Our sole ambition is to" live peace fully and prosperously and to become a strong friend of the entente against the Germans. It Is probable Germany will remain a menace, since it Is Im possible to destroy such a strong na tionality. As for our political future, we do not see a way to tie up Austri ans or Hungarians. The breaking up of., the empire was a surprise, for al though It Is evident that It was held together by force and discipline, it was impossible to carry out a revolution while such a force lasted. But we do not wish to again try that artificial union which played race against race and which kept Bohemia down by re fusing to grant her pleas for trans versal railways. It is certain that in future we will try to maintain com mercial relations with the Jugo-Slavs and the Rumanians. Regarding the i tariff, it is certain we must maintain a protective wall against Germany or our industries will be ruined. ' Business-Like Republic. "We also , desire to establish the frontiers of ancient Bohemia. It Is only just that we have what was once ours. It was during the Thirty Years War that the Germans ruined us, kill ed our nobility and colonized our ter ritory. Yet our race is eo strong that we survived through the centuries. However, we will be fairer with , the Germans than they were with us. We will not oppress those within our fron tiers. We will give them every lib erty, their own schools and language, but the government must be ours. "We are doing our best to set up a business-like republic where prosper ity may be distributed. Already we have an eight-hour day instead of compelling workmen to labor for eleven hours. We have abolished titles onH nronarnH a law tn rare fnr the unemployed. Election laws which j will give the minority a chance to j hold office and which will recognize women, although they may not hold the highest offices such as president, have been prepared. The division of large estates, is one of the items In our program. We also seek to de velop electric power for our factories by an international plan and to build a transversal railroad running to the Black sea." Need American Troops. M. Klafoc, minister for national de fense of the Czecho-Slovak republic, apoke freely of conditions in the coun try. He said: "There are three points which It is necessary tor the allies especially America to understand: first, our weak military position: second, that we are menaced by Bolshevism from without, and third., that we have food but for two or three months. Under the first head, both Austrlans and Hungarians appear to ignore the con ditions of the armistice. We think the French were too slow in occupying Buda Pest and also that the allies should take possession of arsenals and "munition factories at Vienna, Pressburg and other points. Other wise. these arms may be used against us or the allies later. "We would like particularly to have American troops "with us. both for military reasons and because they wou'd heln to establish friendly rela tions for the future. They would a1o show our . people ' what a republic means. Their presence ; here would bring Immediate order by moral effect. . (Continued on Page Nine.) Noted figures on board U. S. S. New York at surrender of German navy. Left to right Admiral Beatty, British sea chief; Admiral Rodman of the U. S. navy. King George of England, the Prince of Wales, and Admiral Sims of the U. S. navy. When Germany entered the war she believed her navy invincible. When von Tirpitz, the kaiser and their henchmen conceived the idea of the ruthless submarine warfare they saw only absolute control of the seas and world commerce for the fatherland. They probably laughed. But when the greater part of the German navy was forced to surrender to the allied fleet, as part of the armistice terms demanded, the laugh was on the other side.. The photo shows England's king, prince and naval officials and American navy officals enjoying a laugh while waiting for the German fleet to appear and surrender. HEARST ORDERS INTRODUCED IN GERMAN HEARING Hitchcock Protests Against Introduction of His Name as German Sympathizer. (By Associated Press.) WASHINGTON, Dec. 10. Govern ment copies of telegrams signed by William Randolph Heacst giving in structions regarding the policy o his newspapers and their correspondents during the war, were read into the record at today's hearing of the senate committee investigating German pro paganda. In a message to the New York American on Feb. 24, 1917, Mr. Hearst outlined instructions to be cabled to William Bayard Hale, then a Hearst correspondent in Berlin, and who, ac cording to evidence recently produced, was on the German pay roll without Hearst's knowledge. Mr. Hearst said he believed a vast majority of the people in America and Germany op posed the United States entering the war and concluded "we earnestly de sire to employ the influence of our country not for the extension and pro traction of the war, but for the pro motion of a just and lasting peace. Atrocities Changed Views. Senator Hitchcock, of Nebraska, chairman of the foreign relations com mittee addressed the senate today In relation to the mention of his name among advocates of a munitions em bargo in documents produced before the senate judiciary committee's Ger man propaganda inquiry. He said he had no disposition to criticize the placing of all German documents in the record, but that it was evident the Germans had used 1 the names of many public men reck lessly if not falsely, the climax of ab surdity being reached when they re corded Prof. Albert Bushnell Hart, of Harvard, as willing to co-operate with them. In 1914, Senator Hitchcock said, he proposed a munitions embargo bill as a measure for strict American neutral ity. Later he declared German pro paganda and criminal activity in this country and atrocities abroad, caused him to change his attitude. He then reviewed at length the va rious phases of his attitude. CHICAGO EMBARGOES SHIPMENTS OF HOGS (By. Associate Prsa) . WASHINGTON, Dec. 10. An em bargo on hog shipments to the Union Stock Yards, Chicago until Thursday was authorized today by the railroad administration- The yards now have enough accumu lation on hand and in transit to keep them busy until Thursday and the em bargo to prevent serious congestion was recommended by the bureau of markets of the department of agricul ture and stock yard officials. Ship ments will be resumed Thursday. Roy Fryer Is Killed in Auto Accident in Canton Roy Fryer, 35 years old, formerly of this city, was killed last evening in an : automobile accident near his home in Canton, O. Fryer, 13 the- son of Mr. and Mrs. Oscar Fryer, former ly of Richmond, but now living In Plain City, O. No details of the acci dent have been received here yet. Fryer was engaged In the piano business in Canton. He is survived by his widow, and his parents. He is a nephew of Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Ros er, who left this morning for . Plain City where the funeral services will be held. . . Of Course You've the Spring Fever N' Everything, But Don t Forget to Do That Christmas Shopp ing Early Wnt down and fired the furnace this morning just as usual, did you not? Yes, you did not. Instead, you opened the windows, let the fresh air blow in and decided that your lazy feeling wasn't the "flu" at all, but just spring fever. Gosh, it felt good! That Is, if you remembered that the thermometer registered 2 above at noon on De cember 10, 1917. The minimum was 18 below, and the maximum 4 above. Know how warm it was today? Well listen. The mercury stood at 56 degrees above zero this morning. Remember 18 lfelow last year. Seventy-four de grees difference, that's all. Weather man Moore says it's one of the great est contrasts in the history of Rich mond, and that goes back 102 years. "Looks like roses instead of mis tletoe for Christmas," remarked one man. Dandelions were blooming on several lawns today, and one man said his lilac and rose bushes were sprouting again. Some weather, eh? Of course it's all abnormal away out of the ordinary for December in the good old county of Wayne. But, and mark it well, it's ideal weather for Christmas shopping. If the weath er god is kind these days, take advan tage of it for good things don't last forever. You don't have to splash through sloppy streets and over wet sidewalks. U. S, BUREAU MAKES LABOR ADJUSTMENT . The local office of the United States Employment Service has received In formation that the plan of making these offices the bureau through which returning soldiers, sailors and war workers shall be assisted in finding employment, has been approved by the Secretaries of War. Navy, Interior, Commerce, and Agriculture. Labor is being shifted from war pro duction back to normal industry qnd the soldiers whose jobs have not been kept open for them are jyturning to civil life, either in theirMid occupa tions 6Y in some work for which they have been trained while in the govern ment service: Another phase of the problem of labor readjustment Is the provision for the hundreds of clerical workers who are released from the various of fices in Washington. The women have performed the only war service permit ted them. They are now, like the sol diers, being honorably discharged from duty. The co-operation of all women's organizations is solicited, but the activities should be conducted and concentrated" Under ' the Community Board. " Placement should be made through the Woman's Division of the U. S. Employment' Service. Factories, re tail stores, offices, farms, and homes, are urged to o-operate with the bu reau for Returning Soldiers in this most Important work. 2,000 U.S. TROOPS LAUD AT BOSTON (By Associated Prss BOSTON, Dec.' 10. The White 'Star liner Canopic, the first vessel to come to this port with returning troops, re ported by wireless today that she would reach quarantine about 8 o'clock tonight. " She has on board about 2,000 troops, mostly members of aviation units which were training in England when hostilities ceased. I Just ideal weather to stroll down town ana purcnase presents for the family. A year ago today the wind was whistling around the corners and you either had to stay at home to keep the fire sroiner. or vnn vom itnmn ; shivering in furs and bundled up to iue nose, leetn cnattering, and hoping against hope that the weather would abate sp that you could do your Christ mas shopping in comfort SeventyTfour degrees of temperature in your favor should ripen your de cision to do your Christmas shopping early. . , Help the Poor! Service Bureau Asks for Funds Remember the poor! Christmas is the season of rejoic ing. But happiness is incomplete if you know that some of your fellow towns men are suffering want and enduring privation. Richmond has its quota of worthv i poor. It also has a Social Service Bureau, eminently qualified to relieve (distress, admirably organized for the j purpose but Lacking sufficient funds to fulfill its function. The Bureau's -budget calls for $4,000 annually to execute its mission. Subscriptions in the amount of $1,300 have been received. About $2,700 is lacking. It makes the following appeal: "Unfit for animals" said the health officer concerning the house where a widow was living with her eight chil dren. This family had had help from the township for twenty years." They are now eelf-rpsnMrttntr ani ccir..,.n I porting, saving part of their earnings cacu ween. Eleven o'clock and nothing in the house to eat! The h , family was just up from a long sick ness D'u unaoie to get work for lack of food. This family was fed and saved from becoming a public charge by a small loan. Hundreds of such people are re claimed to usefulness through the So cial Service Bureau. Material aid is secured for those in need. This work can be carried on from August, 1918, tO AUffUfit. 1919 fnr tho nclim(fl...i . . .UUIQUlUVWil j sum of $4,000. Richmond people al- Do you want to have a part In this work? Will you mail the Bureau a check for your share? Thank you. Yours, for a better citizenship, LESLIE E. HART, ' T. B. JENKINS, SAMUEL FRED, Finance Committee. Germans Fail in Effort to "Double Cross" in Railroad Delivery (By Associated Press) PARIS. Dec. 10. Reports from Sar rebruck .Rhlnlsh Prussia, Indicate that the delivery of German railway mate rial is being carried out very slowly but without open objection by the Ger mans. They tried at first to pass all Wpm . out French railway cars but the commission which was receiving the material was strict in its examina tion and accepted only two or three cars-out ot-every ten: The French authorities are all the more 'severe in this" connection as It is declared they have proved' that the Germans during the war had - built quantities of cars which they held in preparation for a proposed, economic invasion to follow up the expected German victory. Many Delegates and Experts Already Busy in Paris Party Named to Welcome Wilson to France. WILSON SEES SUB WORK (Br Associated Press) PARIS, Dec. 10. Every train arriv ing at Paris these days brings large numbers of officials attached to tne various delegations to the peace con ference. All the larger allied nationt are continuous sending parts of theli working personnel and by the time the delegates gather the number ol officials of all nationalities will num ber between 3,000 and 5,000. Each one will have some special work to do. Many of them are already busy. The French delegates will have all their assistants near at hand for the large staffs of the Admiralty and War and Foreign ministries will be con stantly available. The United States office force will be large. Great Brit ain will have a large number of ex perts and assistants In Paris and in addition, staffs in the London govern ment offices will be available for work which Is not particularly urgent. More over, there will undoubtedly be in Paris representatives of Great Brit ain's dominions and colonies with their respective staffs. Great Britain will also have in Paris experts of various sorts including men who have made a life study of such subjects as the navy, colonies, the Far East and the Near East. No Visit in Germany. According to a wireless dispatch from the United States ship George Washington, says Marcel Hutin in the Echo de Paris, President Wilson has been Informed that Premier Ebert and Foreign Secretary Haase of the Berlin government, and Premier Eisner of Bavaria, were about to make an ef fort to get him to visit Germany. The president is quoted as having made this reply: "Only by long years of repentance can Germany atone for her crimes and show sincerity. No true American could think of visiting Germany un less forced to do so by strictly offi cial obligations. That is to say, I de cline In advance to consider any sug gestion of the kind. Stephen Pichon, foreign minister. Georges Leygues, minister of marine; Capt. Andre Tardieu, head of the Franco-American general commission for war matters: Armand E. Gauthier. J. Pershing; CoL E. M. House and a number of Americans associated in the work of the American peace com mission will leave Paris Thursday night at ten o'clock for Brest to meet President Wilson. Mr. Wilson's ship the George Wash ington, will enter the roads at Brest early In the afternoon escorted by American and allied warships. The welcoming party will go on board at once to extend greetings. The presi dent will land at 3 o'clock. An hour later, bis train will leave for Paris. It will arrive at 10 o'clock and be met by President Polncare, Premier Ciem enceau. and a large official delega tion. The president will be taken to the Elysee palace, where luncheon will be served. On Monday afternoon, Mr. Wilson will be accorded a solemn re ception at the hotel Deville. To Witness Devastations. During the ensuing days President Wilson will take a long trip through the devastated districts and cities of eastern France. There seems to be no change In the plan to begin the peace conference on Dec. 17. The United States, because of its remoteness will be obliged to have probably the largest and most com plete staff and for this reason the American authorities have been com pelled to take over larger accommoda tions than any other delegation. Italy will also have a considerable work ing force here, but the delegates as in the case of Great Britain will be able to depend on much of their work being done in their own country. , . Each European nation's delegates will have at their disposal their own private telegraph and telephone wires with which they may communicate with their respective government. So many hotels have been taken over by the delegates and the remainder of the hostelerles are so over crowded (Continued on Page Twelve) The Weather For Indiana by the United Stales Weather Bureau Generally cloudy to night and Wednesday. Probably rain and colder in south and rain or snow in north portion. Today's Temperature. Noon 69 'Yesterday. Maximum 57 Minimum '52 For Wayne County by W. E. Moore Partly cloudy tonight and ;Wednes-, day. Showers tonight Showers or snow flurries and colder Wednesday. : General Conditions An area of low barometric ' pressure extends from Alaska southward and as a result un usually warm weather continues over the southern and central states and the middle west. ' It is somewhat cold er over the northwest No severe cold weather Is within limits of observa tion. One year ago today temperat ure was 18 below zero, a difference of 74 degrees from that of today.