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The Richmond palladium and sun-telegram. (Richmond, Ind.) 1907-1939, December 10, 1918, Image 1

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VOL. XLIII..NO. 335 Consolidated 107
Palladium and Sun -Telegram
Over 2,000 Yankees
Leave Han Prisons
(By Associated Press)
BERLIN. Monday, Dec. 9. Two
thousand six hundred American pris
oners of war Interned at Camp Ras
tatt left there yesterday and today for
Switzerland. Two hundred other
Americans who have been scattered in
various camps in Germany are leaving
Germany by way of Holland and Den
mark. It is expected that the last of the
Americans will be out of German
camps by the middle of this week.
Entrance of U. S. in War In
sured Itself and World Fu
ture Tranquility, Premier
Tells Correspondent.
NEARLY 5,000
V 7 t ) J
14 ii 1 O1 ) ) - III
22 Men Found in Apartment
in Hotel on Unter Den Lin
" den Taken in Custody
Hidden Guns Seized.
(By Associated Press
BERLIN, Dec. 10. A dramatic se
quel to Friday's attempted arrest of
the executive committee of the Sol
diers' and Workmen's council occurred
X'today when the Hotel Bristol, one of
the more fashionable places, on Unter
den Linden was raided by order of the
Kbert-IIaase cabinet.
All exits of the hotel were guarded
by troops and the premises were
searched on the strength of rumors
that plotters were concealed there. In
one of the large apartments, the raid
ers found 22 men suspected with com
plicity in Friday's raid. Among them
were Baron Rheinbaben, former Prus
sian minister of finance, and the
younger prince Hohenlohe. A number
of students were found in the room.
The entire party ft under detention.
Three hundred guns which were found
In an adjoining chamber, were seized.
Count Matuschka, one of those alleged
to have been involved in Friday's dis
orders, has not yet been arrested.
Prince Henry of Prussia, brother of
the former German emperor, iias pro
claimed the establishment of a royalist
party In Germany.
COLOGNE, Dec. 10. Order has been
reestablished In Cologne as the result
of the arrival of n advance guard of
British troops. There had been sev
eral days of the keenest anxiety in
the city caused by extensive riots and
pillaging on the part of mobs of the
lower class, with attendant bloodshed
when the turbulent element clashed
with hastily organized guards of re
sponsible citizens armed with rifles
and machine guns.
The disorders began Wednesday
night after the withdrawal of the Oer
man troops from the city. They con
tinued the next night in various quar
utters on a large scale. Much damage
was none 10 property anu a imge
quantity of goods was stolen from the
stores. .
According to Burgomaster Adenauer
the rising was due to the inability of
the poor to obtain food and clothing
owing to the scarcity of these necessi
ties. He thought there was little rea
son to doubt, however, that the trouble
also was due in part to the freshly
inoculated Bolshevik idea among the
populace that it was needless to wofk
any longer. With the removal of the
restraint exercised by the presence of
the German troops the overwrought
nerves of the people seemed to have
given way and they went out to take
forcibly what they were unable to buy.
The regular police were unah"j to
handle the situation and 3,000 "of the
citizens were called and armed by the
burgomaster to maintain order. A
fight between the rioters and this civil
guard resulted in several of the rioters
being killed. The burgomaster finding
that the conditions continued to be
grave, then applied to the armistice
commission to hasten the allied oc
cupation. Claims Food Scarcity.
The troubles ceased with the appear
ance of the troops yesterday Today
a cordon of British forces was thrown
out of the city along the Rhine.
Affairs In Cologne now are moving
smoothly to all outward appearance.
Burgomaster Adenauer, however, told
the correspondent that the city was
facing starvation, as only a week's
supply cf food was in sight. Other
German cities, he declared, were in
equally dire straits, being unable to
obtain food quickly and not knowing
what might happen as the result of the
scarcity, while fresh supplies, he de
clared, could be obtained only from
the allied countries.
"We have been enemies, but for the
love of humanity, come to our aid
now," the burgomaster urged vehe
mently. At last one of the best known Co
logne hotels today was serving an ex
cellent and plentiful luncheon consist
ing of soup, fish, meat, four kinds of
vegetables, wines, cheese, bread, com
potes and fruit. It goes without say
ing, however, that the possession of
food by this palatial hotel is no proof
that the poor are not hungry.- The
actual situation could only be deter
mined by a careful investigation, for
which the correspondent had no facili
ties. PARIS. Monday. Dec. 9. The Franco-American
forces which occupied
Alx la-Chapelle Saturday were com
manded by General Degoutte. In ad
dressing the trops Gen. Degoutte re
called that Charlemagne had made
l-la-Chapelle the capital of the bor
derland destined to stem the tide of
Teutonic Invasion. The tomb of Char
lemagne was decorated with French
General Degoutte declared that the
former German emperor was the fo
meutor of the war and that he now
a as awaiting unavoidable punishment.
PITTSBURG. Pa., Dec. 10. An In
definite embargo was placed on hog
hlpments to Pittsburg this afternoon
by the railrcad administration on re
quest of the live stock exchange and
t.'nlon Stock Yards. The action was
taken because the large receipts of the
last two days which have overstocked
.he market here
Freedom of Seas to be Grav
est Problem at Peace Con
ference, Say English Statesmen.
(By Associated Press)
LONDON; Via Montreal. Dec. 10.
In concluding peace the allies must
not make the same mistake that Ger
many made In connection with Alsace
Lorraine in 1871, Premier Lloyd
George said in the course of an ad
dress he made to the meeting of wo
men in Albert hall yesterday. The
peace must be just, he declared, "be
cause justice breeds justice and com
mands acceptance, while vengeance
stirs up wrath and breeds vengeance."
The premier contended that the
peace must be a stern one, however,
because it must have "the sternness of
justice as well as the equity of Jus
tice." The premier reaffirmed his
declaration that the Germans in the
United Kingdom should be expelled
from it because they had abused its
hospitalities and should not get an
other chance. 1
CAMBRIDGE, Eng., Monday, Dec. 9.
The establishment cf a league of
nations will not result in the develop
ment of a world In which no wars will
occur, armaments will be unnecessary
and reason ill supplant violence, in the
opinion of Sir Eric Geddes, first lord
of the admiralty, expressed In an ad
dress here tonight. Under the most
favorable conditions, declared Sir Eric,
It was to be expected that a police
force would be required.
On the sea, be added, the British
navy had performed that function
faithfully and impartially; preventing
the free nations from being crushed
by Germany. He regarded it as incon
ceivable that the supremacy of the
British navy would ever be surren
dered. The first lord expressed belief that
Germany should be made to refund
the full cost of the war and pay for all
the damage she had done by sea and
land to the uttermost farthing.
LONDON, Dec. 10 One of the grav
est problems at the peace conference
will be based on what is meant by
"freedom of the seas" and what con
cessions Great Britain is going to
make in that direction,' said Sir Fred
erick E. Smith, attorney general, in
a speech at Liverpool yesterday. He
adled that he was engaged in prepar
ing a memorandum on the subject for
the war cabinet.
"America has rendered brilliant
service in the cause of civilization,"
Sir Frederick said, "and Great Britain
is bound to approach the conference
with a determination to concede every
thing possible to American sentiment
and American views, having regard
for national security and existence of
the empire.
"Americans must remember that the
seas are free to everyone in peace
time and that to none has that free
dom been denied. In time of war, how
ever, one might as well talk of the
freedom of the land as the freedom of
the seas. Imagine Belgium, northern
Fiance and Serbia talking about free
dom of the land.
"The moment war arises great coer
cive and primeval forces assert them
selves and the region of law Is aban
doned for the assertion of naval and
military forces. Belligerents during
the war had a right to carry on war.
Neutrals had the right to carry on
trade. But if there was a collision
between the right of belligerents to
put restraint upon the enemy and the
right of neutrals to carry on trade,
the subordinate right of the neutrals
had to give way to the imperious pri
mary right of the belligerents.
"It has been recognized for more
than three centuries that a nation
which is supreme is as much entitled
to impose its will maritlmely on in
ferior enemies by blockade as a na
tion stronger on land is able to Impose
its will militarily on a weaker nation.
"I am not sure that Great Britain
will not have to say to the allies at
the peace conference: 'We shall be
quite satisfied with such a definition
of freedom of the seas as will enable
the British navy in the unfortunate
event of future wars to do exactly
what the British navy, aided by the
American navy has been doing for the
past eighteen months.' "
All You Need Is a Heart
and A Dollar
(By Associated Tress)
PRAGUE, Dec. 10. "There are peo
ple who believe the world must come
to an end because the Austrian and
German empin no more exist, but
they know they will be happier and
especially you In America. It is the
first time in the history of nations
that generosity has conquered selfish
ness, and when the news came to me
withjn my prison wall that America
had entered the war, I was unable to
believe It" Dr. Karl Kramarz, pre
mier of Czecho-Slovlkla, made this
statement to a representative of the
Associated Press today.
The interview took place in Hrad
cany castle, -the seat-of the ancient
Bohemian kings. This magnificent
pile overlooks the city of Prague from
the northwest. .When the correspond
ent entered the waiting room, the' first
object he noticed was the bust of Pres
ident Wilson drapped with stars and
stripes. '
Dr. Kramer for many years fought
for the rights of the Czcho people. He
was- arrested at Prague on July. 1,
1915, and following his trial at Vienna
was sentenced to death. King Alfonzo
of Spain appealed tn his behalf and
the death sentence was commuted to
fifteen years imprisonment. Dr. Kra
marz was released under ' Emperor
Charles amnesty proclamation of
July 14, 1917. He was named premier
of Czecho-Slovakia on Nov. 19 last
Germans to be Menace. -.
"I have always believed In the new
life of peoples," Dr. Kramarz con
tinued, "but the great crowning truth
of this belief was the American dec
laration of war. I had grown old and
cynical and could not believe the news,
but now since the war has been won I
am pleased to feel that America has
not only given hopes and Ideals to
millions of people but Us national con
science has been enlivened and leading
to better things. Safe in its strength
America is facing the future tran
quilly. . " " ' ' " '
"Our sole ambition is to" live peace
fully and prosperously and to become
a strong friend of the entente against
the Germans. It Is probable Germany
will remain a menace, since it Is Im
possible to destroy such a strong na
tionality. As for our political future,
we do not see a way to tie up Austri
ans or Hungarians. The breaking up
of., the empire was a surprise, for al
though It Is evident that It was held
together by force and discipline, it was
impossible to carry out a revolution
while such a force lasted. But we do
not wish to again try that artificial
union which played race against race
and which kept Bohemia down by re
fusing to grant her pleas for trans
versal railways. It is certain that in
future we will try to maintain com
mercial relations with the Jugo-Slavs
and the Rumanians. Regarding the i
tariff, it is certain we must maintain
a protective wall against Germany or
our industries will be ruined. '
Business-Like Republic.
"We also , desire to establish the
frontiers of ancient Bohemia. It Is
only just that we have what was once
ours. It was during the Thirty Years
War that the Germans ruined us, kill
ed our nobility and colonized our ter
ritory. Yet our race is eo strong that
we survived through the centuries.
However, we will be fairer with , the
Germans than they were with us. We
will not oppress those within our fron
tiers. We will give them every lib
erty, their own schools and language,
but the government must be ours.
"We are doing our best to set up a
business-like republic where prosper
ity may be distributed. Already we
have an eight-hour day instead of
compelling workmen to labor for
eleven hours. We have abolished
titles onH nronarnH a law tn rare fnr
the unemployed. Election laws which j
will give the minority a chance to j
hold office and which will recognize
women, although they may not hold
the highest offices such as president,
have been prepared. The division of
large estates, is one of the items In
our program. We also seek to de
velop electric power for our factories
by an international plan and to build
a transversal railroad running to the
Black sea."
Need American Troops.
M. Klafoc, minister for national de
fense of the Czecho-Slovak republic,
apoke freely of conditions in the coun
try. He said:
"There are three points which It is
necessary tor the allies especially
America to understand: first, our
weak military position: second, that
we are menaced by Bolshevism from
without, and third., that we have food
but for two or three months. Under
the first head, both Austrlans and
Hungarians appear to ignore the con
ditions of the armistice. We think
the French were too slow in occupying
Buda Pest and also that the allies
should take possession of arsenals
and "munition factories at Vienna,
Pressburg and other points. Other
wise. these arms may be used against
us or the allies later.
"We would like particularly to have
American troops "with us. both for
military reasons and because they
wou'd heln to establish friendly rela
tions for the future. They would a1o
show our . people ' what a republic
means. Their presence ; here would
bring Immediate order by moral effect.
. (Continued on Page Nine.)
Noted figures on board U. S. S. New York at surrender of German navy. Left to right Admiral Beatty, British sea
chief; Admiral Rodman of the U. S. navy. King George of England, the Prince of Wales, and Admiral Sims of
the U. S. navy.
When Germany entered the war she believed her navy invincible. When von Tirpitz, the kaiser and their
henchmen conceived the idea of the ruthless submarine warfare they saw only absolute control of the seas and world
commerce for the fatherland. They probably laughed. But when the greater part of the German navy was forced
to surrender to the allied fleet, as part of the armistice terms demanded, the laugh was on the other side.. The
photo shows England's king, prince and naval officials and American navy officals enjoying a laugh while waiting for
the German fleet to appear and surrender.
Hitchcock Protests Against
Introduction of His Name
as German Sympathizer.
(By Associated Press.)
WASHINGTON, Dec. 10. Govern
ment copies of telegrams signed by
William Randolph Heacst giving in
structions regarding the policy o his
newspapers and their correspondents
during the war, were read into the
record at today's hearing of the senate
committee investigating German pro
paganda. In a message to the New York
American on Feb. 24, 1917, Mr. Hearst
outlined instructions to be cabled to
William Bayard Hale, then a Hearst
correspondent in Berlin, and who, ac
cording to evidence recently produced,
was on the German pay roll without
Hearst's knowledge. Mr. Hearst said
he believed a vast majority of the
people in America and Germany op
posed the United States entering the
war and concluded "we earnestly de
sire to employ the influence of our
country not for the extension and pro
traction of the war, but for the pro
motion of a just and lasting peace.
Atrocities Changed Views.
Senator Hitchcock, of Nebraska,
chairman of the foreign relations com
mittee addressed the senate today In
relation to the mention of his name
among advocates of a munitions em
bargo in documents produced before
the senate judiciary committee's Ger
man propaganda inquiry.
He said he had no disposition to
criticize the placing of all German
documents in the record, but that it
was evident the Germans had used 1
the names of many public men reck
lessly if not falsely, the climax of ab
surdity being reached when they re
corded Prof. Albert Bushnell Hart, of
Harvard, as willing to co-operate with
In 1914, Senator Hitchcock said, he
proposed a munitions embargo bill as
a measure for strict American neutral
ity. Later he declared German pro
paganda and criminal activity in this
country and atrocities abroad, caused
him to change his attitude.
He then reviewed at length the va
rious phases of his attitude.
(By. Associate Prsa) .
WASHINGTON, Dec. 10. An em
bargo on hog shipments to the Union
Stock Yards, Chicago until Thursday
was authorized today by the railroad
The yards now have enough accumu
lation on hand and in transit to keep
them busy until Thursday and the em
bargo to prevent serious congestion
was recommended by the bureau of
markets of the department of agricul
ture and stock yard officials. Ship
ments will be resumed Thursday.
Roy Fryer Is Killed in
Auto Accident in Canton
Roy Fryer, 35 years old, formerly
of this city, was killed last evening
in an : automobile accident near his
home in Canton, O. Fryer, 13 the- son
of Mr. and Mrs. Oscar Fryer, former
ly of Richmond, but now living In
Plain City, O. No details of the acci
dent have been received here yet.
Fryer was engaged In the piano
business in Canton. He is survived by
his widow, and his parents. He is a
nephew of Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Ros
er, who left this morning for . Plain
City where the funeral services will
be held. . .
Of Course You've the Spring Fever
N' Everything, But Don t Forget to
Do That Christmas Shopp ing Early
Wnt down and fired the furnace
this morning just as usual, did you
Yes, you did not.
Instead, you opened the windows,
let the fresh air blow in and decided
that your lazy feeling wasn't the "flu"
at all, but just spring fever.
Gosh, it felt good! That Is, if you
remembered that the thermometer
registered 2 above at noon on De
cember 10, 1917. The minimum was
18 below, and the maximum 4 above.
Know how warm it was today? Well
The mercury stood at 56 degrees
above zero this morning. Remember
18 lfelow last year. Seventy-four de
grees difference, that's all. Weather
man Moore says it's one of the great
est contrasts in the history of Rich
mond, and that goes back 102 years.
"Looks like roses instead of mis
tletoe for Christmas," remarked one
man. Dandelions were blooming on
several lawns today, and one man
said his lilac and rose bushes were
sprouting again.
Some weather, eh?
Of course it's all abnormal away
out of the ordinary for December in
the good old county of Wayne. But,
and mark it well, it's ideal weather
for Christmas shopping. If the weath
er god is kind these days, take advan
tage of it for good things don't last
You don't have to splash through
sloppy streets and over wet sidewalks.
. The local office of the United States
Employment Service has received In
formation that the plan of making
these offices the bureau through which
returning soldiers, sailors and war
workers shall be assisted in finding
employment, has been approved by
the Secretaries of War. Navy, Interior,
Commerce, and Agriculture.
Labor is being shifted from war pro
duction back to normal industry qnd
the soldiers whose jobs have not been
kept open for them are jyturning to
civil life, either in theirMid occupa
tions 6Y in some work for which they
have been trained while in the govern
ment service:
Another phase of the problem of
labor readjustment Is the provision
for the hundreds of clerical workers
who are released from the various of
fices in Washington. The women have
performed the only war service permit
ted them. They are now, like the sol
diers, being honorably discharged
from duty. The co-operation of all
women's organizations is solicited, but
the activities should be conducted and
concentrated" Under ' the Community
Board. "
Placement should be made through
the Woman's Division of the U. S.
Employment' Service. Factories, re
tail stores, offices, farms, and homes,
are urged to o-operate with the bu
reau for Returning Soldiers in this
most Important work.
2,000 U.S. TROOPS
(By Associated Prss
BOSTON, Dec.' 10. The White 'Star
liner Canopic, the first vessel to come
to this port with returning troops, re
ported by wireless today that she
would reach quarantine about 8
o'clock tonight. " She has on board
about 2,000 troops, mostly members of
aviation units which were training in
England when hostilities ceased.
I Just ideal weather to stroll down town
ana purcnase presents for the family.
A year ago today the wind was
whistling around the corners and you
either had to stay at home to keep
the fire sroiner. or vnn vom itnmn
; shivering in furs and bundled up to
iue nose, leetn cnattering, and hoping
against hope that the weather would
abate sp that you could do your Christ
mas shopping in comfort
SeventyTfour degrees of temperature
in your favor should ripen your de
cision to do your Christmas shopping
early. . ,
Help the Poor!
Service Bureau
Asks for Funds
Remember the poor!
Christmas is the season of rejoic
ing. But happiness is incomplete if you
know that some of your fellow towns
men are suffering want and enduring
Richmond has its quota of worthv
i poor. It also has a Social Service
Bureau, eminently qualified to relieve
(distress, admirably organized for the
j purpose but
Lacking sufficient funds to fulfill
its function.
The Bureau's -budget calls for
$4,000 annually to execute its mission.
Subscriptions in the amount of $1,300
have been received. About $2,700 is
It makes the following appeal:
"Unfit for animals" said the health
officer concerning the house where a
widow was living with her eight chil
dren. This family had had help from
the township for twenty years." They
are now eelf-rpsnMrttntr ani ccir..,.n
I porting, saving part of their earnings
cacu ween.
Eleven o'clock and nothing in the
house to eat! The h
, family was just up from a long sick
ness D'u unaoie to get work for lack
of food. This family was fed and
saved from becoming a public charge
by a small loan.
Hundreds of such people are re
claimed to usefulness through the So
cial Service Bureau. Material aid is
secured for those in need. This work
can be carried on from August, 1918,
tO AUffUfit. 1919 fnr tho nclim(fl...i
. . .UUIQUlUVWil
j sum of $4,000. Richmond people al-
Do you want to have a part In this
work? Will you mail the Bureau a
check for your share?
Thank you.
Yours, for a better citizenship,
Finance Committee.
Germans Fail in Effort
to "Double Cross" in
Railroad Delivery
(By Associated Press)
PARIS. Dec. 10. Reports from Sar
rebruck .Rhlnlsh Prussia, Indicate that
the delivery of German railway mate
rial is being carried out very slowly
but without open objection by the Ger
mans. They tried at first to pass all
Wpm . out French railway cars but
the commission which was receiving
the material was strict in its examina
tion and accepted only two or three
cars-out ot-every ten:
The French authorities are all the
more 'severe in this" connection as It is
declared they have proved' that the
Germans during the war had - built
quantities of cars which they held in
preparation for a proposed, economic
invasion to follow up the expected
German victory.
Many Delegates and Experts
Already Busy in Paris
Party Named to Welcome
Wilson to France.
(Br Associated Press)
PARIS, Dec. 10. Every train arriv
ing at Paris these days brings large
numbers of officials attached to tne
various delegations to the peace con
ference. All the larger allied nationt
are continuous sending parts of theli
working personnel and by the time
the delegates gather the number ol
officials of all nationalities will num
ber between 3,000 and 5,000. Each
one will have some special work to
do. Many of them are already busy.
The French delegates will have all
their assistants near at hand for the
large staffs of the Admiralty and War
and Foreign ministries will be con
stantly available. The United States
office force will be large. Great Brit
ain will have a large number of ex
perts and assistants In Paris and in
addition, staffs in the London govern
ment offices will be available for work
which Is not particularly urgent. More
over, there will undoubtedly be in
Paris representatives of Great Brit
ain's dominions and colonies with their
respective staffs. Great Britain will
also have in Paris experts of various
sorts including men who have made
a life study of such subjects as the
navy, colonies, the Far East and the
Near East.
No Visit in Germany.
According to a wireless dispatch
from the United States ship George
Washington, says Marcel Hutin in the
Echo de Paris, President Wilson has
been Informed that Premier Ebert and
Foreign Secretary Haase of the Berlin
government, and Premier Eisner of
Bavaria, were about to make an ef
fort to get him to visit Germany. The
president is quoted as having made
this reply:
"Only by long years of repentance
can Germany atone for her crimes and
show sincerity. No true American
could think of visiting Germany un
less forced to do so by strictly offi
cial obligations. That is to say, I de
cline In advance to consider any sug
gestion of the kind.
Stephen Pichon, foreign minister.
Georges Leygues, minister of marine;
Capt. Andre Tardieu, head of the
Franco-American general commission
for war matters: Armand E. Gauthier.
J. Pershing; CoL E. M. House and a
number of Americans associated in
the work of the American peace com
mission will leave Paris Thursday
night at ten o'clock for Brest to meet
President Wilson.
Mr. Wilson's ship the George Wash
ington, will enter the roads at Brest
early In the afternoon escorted by
American and allied warships. The
welcoming party will go on board at
once to extend greetings. The presi
dent will land at 3 o'clock. An hour
later, bis train will leave for Paris.
It will arrive at 10 o'clock and be met
by President Polncare, Premier Ciem
enceau. and a large official delega
tion. The president will be taken to
the Elysee palace, where luncheon will
be served. On Monday afternoon, Mr.
Wilson will be accorded a solemn re
ception at the hotel Deville.
To Witness Devastations.
During the ensuing days President
Wilson will take a long trip through
the devastated districts and cities of
eastern France.
There seems to be no change In the
plan to begin the peace conference
on Dec. 17.
The United States, because of its
remoteness will be obliged to have
probably the largest and most com
plete staff and for this reason the
American authorities have been com
pelled to take over larger accommoda
tions than any other delegation. Italy
will also have a considerable work
ing force here, but the delegates as
in the case of Great Britain will be
able to depend on much of their work
being done in their own country. , .
Each European nation's delegates
will have at their disposal their own
private telegraph and telephone wires
with which they may communicate
with their respective government. So
many hotels have been taken over by
the delegates and the remainder of
the hostelerles are so over crowded
(Continued on Page Twelve)
The Weather
For Indiana by the United Stales
Weather Bureau Generally cloudy to
night and Wednesday. Probably rain
and colder in south and rain or snow
in north portion.
Today's Temperature.
Noon 69
Maximum 57
Minimum '52
For Wayne County by W. E. Moore
Partly cloudy tonight and ;Wednes-,
day. Showers tonight Showers or
snow flurries and colder Wednesday. :
General Conditions An area of low
barometric ' pressure extends from
Alaska southward and as a result un
usually warm weather continues over
the southern and central states and
the middle west. ' It is somewhat cold
er over the northwest No severe cold
weather Is within limits of observa
tion. One year ago today temperat ure
was 18 below zero, a difference of 74
degrees from that of today.

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