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THE JUNIOR PALLADIUM AVRRKLY SECTION OF RICHMOND PALLADIUM sbvb nmumnt Iie Machine That Goes Anywhere Just an idea In a man's head! That's all it was. Yet a good many men thought about it and changed . it one way or another, before it be came a real, Jive something and that something is called a tanK. i ' And it it could realize how import- ant it has heen in the war. it woum i ! swell with pride to even bigger size than it is, which in some kinds is very great, right now. Do you remember that old say ing that "Necessity is the mother of invention." That Is very true, we usually have to feel the need of a thing very much before we spend "6ur precious moments planning Jf&nd making something to fill that need. Some years ago men felt the need of some machine which could be used especially on ranches and large farms and would be more ef ficient than any they were using at that time In. other words, a ma chine that would do more work in . less time and with less cost in the " long run, than the machines they had. A wheeled machine was the best kind, but they have to have i . special tracks made lor them, ana ; people wanted a machine that ; could travel anywhere, over any kind of ground and would be self; propelled. Then the Inventors which are really just men -with ideas and the willingness to work very hard to - make their ideas become facts, be gan to get busy. A British inventor planned a ma chine with large wheels and on these wheels was something that took the place of feet, which could be planted securely in the ground, one after another, and could walk forward that way. This machine even went up a flight of steps. Then some one thought that a wheeled machine could be made that could lay its own tracks. So some clever man made one. The track was an endless chain of steel plates that raa around the wheels of his machine. As the machine went forward, new links of track were laid down before them, and the links of track that they had gone over, were picked up behind them. Many men worked on the idea, but it was Benjamin Holt, of Peor la, 111., that made one of the most pfiuccessful machines. His machine had many wheels which were mounted on springs and which yielded to any unevenness of ground. This machine was called a "caterpillar" tractor, because it crawled over the ground, just like a caterpillar. It was very power ful, and carried great loads, and could walk, or rather waddle be cause it was so heavy and slow, over tree stumps, stones and ditch es. It hauled gangs of plows and cultivators on large farms, or on the great wheat fields of the west. As the great wheat fields seem ed to be the only place, these ma chines were needed, no suggestions were made for their use anywhere else. Then came the war. From the first, the Germans had used ma chine guns, of which they had a great number made and ready to use by the beginning of the sum mer of 1914. Machine guns shoot out a stream of bullets, which is much more likely to Teach its aim than rifle fire with its single shot Thousands of British, French and Italian soldiers were mowed down before these machine guns. The allies had nothing that could com bat these guns. Something had to be done to defend the men fight ing under the allies' flag. The need was very, very great, so the solu tion of the problem was worked out a splendid solution. Just before war broke out, Bel gium was holding an agricultural exhibition. A tractor one of those developed by Mr. Holt was on exhibition and aroused great in terest. Col. E. D. Swinton of the British army realized then that such a tractor, with an armored case, would be effective on battle-torn ground. Later, when the machine guns proved such a terrible menace he remembered the tractor; and the British government procured one. British engineers went to work to re-design the tractor to make it useable in war service. To make it climb in and out of deep shell holes, the traction belts were run RICHMOND, ONE WAY Army aviators circling over Oyster miw-7,:m, , ; , , t -,x vkr tj&rr'j - s ' - ' ' o V 4- f' - - sA ....-..;;:-::-. :.-.v.,.-.v.'.-.'.'.--. ::.:::.: :7vv, w vamr Clonic rtnu yrvuimai Perhaps one of the roost impressive tributes paid the memory of statesman and soldier, who died recently, was the act of army aviators Bay home and dropping flowers on the home and grounds surrounding of the service men toward the ex-soldier and statesman. OUR FRIEND Theodore Last Monday morning about four o'clock, we lost a friend Theodore Roosevelt A friend of ours? Yes. For a friend is one whose interests are the same as ours, and who cares enough for us, not only to tell us what our lives and surroundings may become, but also to spend his time and energy in making , these longed-for things realities. Such was Roosevelt From his earliest boyhood until the morning of January 6, Roosevelt believed in, taught and struggled for, strong, upright character in people and in their government; forceful and ef fective action after keen and care ful thought and deliberation, es pecially on the part of those whom the people trust as their leaders; and a healthy and useful, simple and Godly life both in individuals and in the collected body ol individ uals represented . by . the nation. And he portrays these qualities in his own personality. over the entire body of the car and the front part was brought up into a sharp angle. The British used the greatest care in keeping the manufacture of these machines an absolute secret; for of course, no hint of the idea must get to the ears of the enemy. The name "tank" was given to the machine to make people think the steel plates were being made to j be used in building vessels to hold water or gasoline. i It was on the morning of Sept. 15, 1916, that these steel monsters started leisurely across No Man's Land-r-a complete surprise to the German and Austrian fighters. Down Into the great shell holes and up again with perfect ease, over wire entanglements, over ma chine gun emplacements, even over and passed small trees, the wad dling tanks went. The Germans fled in greatest terror, before them. The tanks were a wonderful sue cess. Life in the tanks isn't very pleas ant, as the air is bad, and the noise Is terrific, but that is war, and such things must be endured. After a while, the Germans built themselves some tanks; but they turned out to be exceedingly awk ward, ugly things, too heavy to be efficient. INDIANA. SATURDAY, JANUARY TRIBUTE WAS PAID Bay home of Theodore Roosevelt after He loved children and was al ways interested in their work and play, especially boys. It is said that when a crippled boy was brought to see him he took his hand and spoke kind words to him. And when a little child of fered his flowers, he would lift her up and kiss her. He did these things, not for "show" but as a re sult of the sincere feeling of his great warm heart And boys, everything they did, he was interested in; in fact, Teddy" was only a great, big boy himself, and liked nothing better than to take off some time from work to "get in" some strenuous games or sports with his boys. He was the chum or his boys, oi wnom there were four. He once said of the American boy: " "He must not be a coward or a weakling, a bully, a shirk or a prig. He must work hard and play hard. He must be clean-minded and clean The big British tanks, because they were, slow moving, though they were proof against machine guns, were not proof against the big field guns. So another surprise came. The British made some baby tanks, that could travel at the rate of twelve miles an hour, called "Whip pets;" that name being given aft er the name of a certain kind of dogs noted for . its great speed. These carried only two men, one to guide the machine and one to oper ate the machine gun, while the big ger tanks carried from eight to ten men. The French, later, made some baby tanks, too, and called them, "Mosquito" tanks, and these little tanks proved splendid ly effective, darting back and forth on the battlefields, proof against the machine guns and evading the big field guns. America has made some tanks for her soldiers, and is developing other kinds of tanks for military purposes, but this information, has bo far been, necessarily Kept sec ret. Perhaps we can soon learn what the United States has done in perfecting these great, almost hu man looking machines. So far as is known, Leland Had ley is the only Richmond boy who has enlisted in the tank service. 11, 1919 ROOSEVELT his death, dropping flowers on Theodore Roosevelt, ex-president, in circling above "Teddy's" Oyster it. The act expressed the sentiment Roosevelt lived, and able to hold . his own under all circumstances and against all comers. It is only on these con ditions that he will grow into the kind of American man of whom America can be really proud." All these qualities are personified in the life of Theodore Roosevelt, consistently and to a great degree. Besides all these splendid qualities, bis free and easy ways, his kind ness, his geniality with everyone he met, and his interest in people, endeared him to the hearts of the Vmerican people, as well as to many on foreign shores. So it is not with pride alone, but with sincere affection, that the iearts of all American boys and girls are stirred as they think of "Teddy" Roosevelt. We do not regard anyone of such a life and such a character, merely as a splendid memory. We realize that his spirit will always be a liv ing, vitalizing, splendid force in the lives of men especially the men of our own, wonderful America. He guides one of the Whippet tanks while a comrade operates the machine gun. He was injured once in the battle of the Argonne; but was out in the fighting again when the armistice was signed. BIRO SONGS. Te robin sings: "Cheer up! cheer up!" The bluebird: "Tru-al-ly!" The meadow lark: "Spring ' the year!" Goldfinch: Per-chic-o-ree!" The crow send forth his: "Caw! caw! caw!" Redwing his: "O-ka-lee!" And we all know the blithesome song Of merry chickadee. And then who has not heard bob white His name call o'er and o'er, From fence rail or an old stone wall Where he has perched before? "Chewink! cbewjnk!" ground robin says, "Teacher!" the oven bird; And I suppose there're many notes That 1 have never heard. Selected. FMfal Dog Finds Lost ChM In the wildest part of the Cum berland Mountains of Tennessee, was lost a little child on the night of November 28, 1918. The child Is the five-year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Elick Godsey, who livo on a small farm four, miles from the little village of Ozone, Tennes see. The little v girl asked her mother if she might accompany a a little friend part of the way home. The request was granted. It was about three o'clock In the afternoon. When the child failed to return at dusk the mother became alarmed, and the father went to the home of x his neighbor, thinking his little daughter had accompanied her friend home. He learned that tha little girl had left her friend at the edge of the clearing early in the afternoon. The father took a lantern and alone went to the top of Black Knob. It was raining and the night was very dark. This is a very wild, isolated region, and the , scream of . the wildcat is often heard. The mountains here abound in bluffs and deep streams, and for miles and miles no one esides. The father returned alone at 10 o'clock that night. ; By this time a party of. neigh boring men joined in the search. The signal, should the little one be found, was to blow the dinner horn. This horn is used in calling men out of the fields to their noon day meals In the Tennessee foun tains. The signal was not sounded, and the hunters returned in the . early hours of the morning and re ported that no trace of the child could be found. It was at this juncture that the father of the little girl turned to 'V)ld Babe," the dog, and .told him to "go find the baby." The dog was takes to the clearing where tha child was last seen. For some time the dog failed to take the scent But at last with a yelp of joy Old Babe was off, the father of the child following. Miles from home, in the thick un derbrush, the little hood belonging to the girl was picked up. Some distance beyond the father heard the joyful yelps of the dog. The little girl was found in a deep gulch, safe and unharmed, soundly Bleep ing between two logs. The dog was tugging at her garments in an effort to arouse her, when the -father heached the spot Her wander ings had brought her near the banks of the swift waters of the Big Sandy. "I was tested. Babe, and I waa coming home to play with you when it got light" she said. The gratitude of the father and the joyful tears of the mother were combined with the joyful yelps of the faithful old dog at the finding of the lost child. This is a true story of a faithful dog. The writer has traveled many times through this section and knows the dangers of being lost in such a region. Our Dumb Animals. Ctrl Scoot News The Girl Scouts met at the home of Captain Jones, Monday, Decem ber 30, 1918. Two members were initiated. Various committees were appoint ed. The members of those commit tees are as follows: Captain Jones, Lieutenant Way, Corporal Libbklng. Pauline Klotz, Christine Du Vail, Ethel Heithaus, Alice McGrew, Bernice Weaver, Sarah Kring and Madge Whitesell, secretary. Lieutenant Way will announce plans ' for the Scout basket-ball team next Monday. The next meeting wil lbe held at the home of Corporal Libbking next Monday evening, January 6, 1919. SEA SCOUTS SELL BONDS. The Sea Scouts of the Sloop Pennsylvania connected with Troop No. 10, Wllkinsburg, Pa. (under the Allegheny County Council), soli during the Fourth Liberty Loan drive bonds to the amount of $125, soe. The Sea Scouts are ready to buy uniforms. They are receiving much help from the men in charge of the Navy Recruiting Station In Pittsburgh.