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The Richmond palladium and sun-telegram. [volume] (Richmond, Ind.) 1907-1939, January 11, 1919, THE JUNIOR PALLADIUM, Image 11

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THE JUNIOR PALLADIUM
AVRRKLY SECTION OF RICHMOND PALLADIUM sbvb
nmumnt
Iie Machine That
Goes Anywhere
Just an idea In a man's head!
That's all it was. Yet a good many
men thought about it and changed
. it one way or another, before it be
came a real, Jive something and
that something is called a tanK. i
' And it it could realize how import-
ant it has heen in the war. it woum i
! swell with pride to even bigger
size than it is, which in some kinds
is very great, right now.
Do you remember that old say
ing that "Necessity is the mother
of invention." That Is very true,
we usually have to feel the need of
a thing very much before we spend
"6ur precious moments planning
Jf&nd making something to fill that
need.
Some years ago men felt the
need of some machine which could
be used especially on ranches and
large farms and would be more ef
ficient than any they were using at
that time In. other words, a ma
chine that would do more work in
. less time and with less cost in the
" long run, than the machines they
had. A wheeled machine was the
best kind, but they have to have i
. special tracks made lor them, ana
; people wanted a machine that
; could travel anywhere, over any
kind of ground and would be self;
propelled.
Then the Inventors which are
really just men -with ideas and the
willingness to work very hard to
- make their ideas become facts, be
gan to get busy.
A British inventor planned a ma
chine with large wheels and on
these wheels was something that
took the place of feet, which could
be planted securely in the ground,
one after another, and could walk
forward that way. This machine
even went up a flight of steps.
Then some one thought that a
wheeled machine could be made
that could lay its own tracks. So
some clever man made one. The
track was an endless chain of steel
plates that raa around the wheels
of his machine. As the machine
went forward, new links of track
were laid down before them, and
the links of track that they had
gone over, were picked up behind
them.
Many men worked on the idea,
but it was Benjamin Holt, of Peor
la, 111., that made one of the most
pfiuccessful machines. His machine
had many wheels which were
mounted on springs and which
yielded to any unevenness of
ground. This machine was called
a "caterpillar" tractor, because it
crawled over the ground, just like
a caterpillar. It was very power
ful, and carried great loads, and
could walk, or rather waddle be
cause it was so heavy and slow,
over tree stumps, stones and ditch
es. It hauled gangs of plows and
cultivators on large farms, or on
the great wheat fields of the west.
As the great wheat fields seem
ed to be the only place, these ma
chines were needed, no suggestions
were made for their use anywhere
else.
Then came the war. From the
first, the Germans had used ma
chine guns, of which they had a
great number made and ready to
use by the beginning of the sum
mer of 1914. Machine guns shoot
out a stream of bullets, which is
much more likely to Teach its aim
than rifle fire with its single shot
Thousands of British, French and
Italian soldiers were mowed down
before these machine guns. The
allies had nothing that could com
bat these guns. Something had to
be done to defend the men fight
ing under the allies' flag. The need
was very, very great, so the solu
tion of the problem was worked out
a splendid solution.
Just before war broke out, Bel
gium was holding an agricultural
exhibition. A tractor one of
those developed by Mr. Holt was
on exhibition and aroused great in
terest. Col. E. D. Swinton of the
British army realized then that such
a tractor, with an armored case,
would be effective on battle-torn
ground. Later, when the machine
guns proved such a terrible menace
he remembered the tractor; and
the British government procured
one.
British engineers went to work
to re-design the tractor to make it
useable in war service. To make
it climb in and out of deep shell
holes, the traction belts were run
RICHMOND,
ONE WAY
Army aviators circling over Oyster
miw-7,:m, , ; , , t -,x vkr tj&rr'j
- s ' - ' ' o V 4- f' - - sA
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Clonic rtnu yrvuimai
Perhaps one of the roost impressive tributes paid the memory of
statesman and soldier, who died recently, was the act of army aviators
Bay home and dropping flowers on the home and grounds surrounding
of the service men toward the ex-soldier and statesman.
OUR FRIEND Theodore
Last Monday morning about four
o'clock, we lost a friend Theodore
Roosevelt
A friend of ours? Yes. For a
friend is one whose interests are
the same as ours, and who cares
enough for us, not only to tell us
what our lives and surroundings
may become, but also to spend his
time and energy in making , these
longed-for things realities.
Such was Roosevelt From his
earliest boyhood until the morning
of January 6, Roosevelt believed in,
taught and struggled for, strong,
upright character in people and in
their government; forceful and ef
fective action after keen and care
ful thought and deliberation, es
pecially on the part of those whom
the people trust as their leaders;
and a healthy and useful, simple
and Godly life both in individuals
and in the collected body ol individ
uals represented . by . the nation.
And he portrays these qualities in
his own personality.
over the entire body of the car and
the front part was brought up into
a sharp angle.
The British used the greatest
care in keeping the manufacture of
these machines an absolute secret;
for of course, no hint of the idea
must get to the ears of the enemy.
The name "tank" was given to the
machine to make people think the
steel plates were being made to j
be used in building vessels to hold
water or gasoline. i
It was on the morning of Sept.
15, 1916, that these steel monsters
started leisurely across No Man's
Land-r-a complete surprise to the
German and Austrian fighters.
Down Into the great shell holes
and up again with perfect ease,
over wire entanglements, over ma
chine gun emplacements, even over
and passed small trees, the wad
dling tanks went. The Germans
fled in greatest terror, before them.
The tanks were a wonderful sue
cess. Life in the tanks isn't very pleas
ant, as the air is bad, and the noise
Is terrific, but that is war, and
such things must be endured.
After a while, the Germans built
themselves some tanks; but they
turned out to be exceedingly awk
ward, ugly things, too heavy to be
efficient.
INDIANA. SATURDAY, JANUARY
TRIBUTE WAS PAID
Bay home of Theodore Roosevelt after
He loved children and was al
ways interested in their work and
play, especially boys. It is said
that when a crippled boy was
brought to see him he took his
hand and spoke kind words to
him. And when a little child of
fered his flowers, he would lift her
up and kiss her. He did these
things, not for "show" but as a re
sult of the sincere feeling of his
great warm heart
And boys, everything they did,
he was interested in; in fact,
Teddy" was only a great, big boy
himself, and liked nothing better
than to take off some time from
work to "get in" some strenuous
games or sports with his boys. He
was the chum or his boys, oi wnom
there were four.
He once said of the American
boy:
" "He must not be a coward or a
weakling, a bully, a shirk or a prig.
He must work hard and play hard.
He must be clean-minded and clean
The big British tanks, because
they were, slow moving, though
they were proof against machine
guns, were not proof against the
big field guns.
So another surprise came. The
British made some baby tanks,
that could travel at the rate of
twelve miles an hour, called "Whip
pets;" that name being given aft
er the name of a certain kind of
dogs noted for . its great speed.
These carried only two men, one to
guide the machine and one to oper
ate the machine gun, while the big
ger tanks carried from eight to ten
men. The French, later, made
some baby tanks, too, and called
them, "Mosquito" tanks, and
these little tanks proved splendid
ly effective, darting back and forth
on the battlefields, proof against
the machine guns and evading the
big field guns.
America has made some tanks
for her soldiers, and is developing
other kinds of tanks for military
purposes, but this information, has
bo far been, necessarily Kept sec
ret. Perhaps we can soon learn
what the United States has done in
perfecting these great, almost hu
man looking machines.
So far as is known, Leland Had
ley is the only Richmond boy who
has enlisted in the tank service.
11, 1919
ROOSEVELT
his death, dropping flowers on
Theodore Roosevelt, ex-president,
in circling above "Teddy's" Oyster
it. The act expressed the sentiment
Roosevelt
lived, and able to hold . his own
under all circumstances and against
all comers. It is only on these con
ditions that he will grow into the
kind of American man of whom
America can be really proud."
All these qualities are personified
in the life of Theodore Roosevelt,
consistently and to a great degree.
Besides all these splendid qualities,
bis free and easy ways, his kind
ness, his geniality with everyone
he met, and his interest in people,
endeared him to the hearts of the
Vmerican people, as well as to
many on foreign shores.
So it is not with pride alone, but
with sincere affection, that the
iearts of all American boys and
girls are stirred as they think of
"Teddy" Roosevelt.
We do not regard anyone of such
a life and such a character, merely
as a splendid memory. We realize
that his spirit will always be a liv
ing, vitalizing, splendid force in the
lives of men especially the men of
our own, wonderful America.
He guides one of the Whippet
tanks while a comrade operates
the machine gun. He was injured
once in the battle of the Argonne;
but was out in the fighting again
when the armistice was signed.
BIRO SONGS.
Te robin sings: "Cheer up! cheer
up!"
The bluebird: "Tru-al-ly!"
The meadow lark: "Spring ' the
year!"
Goldfinch: Per-chic-o-ree!"
The crow send forth his: "Caw!
caw! caw!"
Redwing his: "O-ka-lee!"
And we all know the blithesome
song
Of merry chickadee.
And then who has not heard bob
white His name call o'er and o'er,
From fence rail or an old stone
wall
Where he has perched before?
"Chewink! cbewjnk!" ground robin
says,
"Teacher!" the oven bird;
And I suppose there're many notes
That 1 have never heard.
Selected.
FMfal Dog
Finds Lost ChM
In the wildest part of the Cum
berland Mountains of Tennessee,
was lost a little child on the night
of November 28, 1918. The child
Is the five-year-old daughter of Mr.
and Mrs. Elick Godsey, who livo
on a small farm four, miles from
the little village of Ozone, Tennes
see. The little v girl asked her
mother if she might accompany a
a little friend part of the way home.
The request was granted. It was
about three o'clock In the afternoon.
When the child failed to return
at dusk the mother became alarmed,
and the father went to the home of x
his neighbor, thinking his little
daughter had accompanied her
friend home. He learned that tha
little girl had left her friend at
the edge of the clearing early in
the afternoon.
The father took a lantern and
alone went to the top of Black
Knob. It was raining and the night
was very dark. This is a very
wild, isolated region, and the ,
scream of . the wildcat is often
heard. The mountains here abound
in bluffs and deep streams, and for
miles and miles no one esides. The
father returned alone at 10 o'clock
that night. ;
By this time a party of. neigh
boring men joined in the search.
The signal, should the little one
be found, was to blow the dinner
horn. This horn is used in calling
men out of the fields to their noon
day meals In the Tennessee foun
tains. The signal was not sounded,
and the hunters returned in the .
early hours of the morning and re
ported that no trace of the child
could be found.
It was at this juncture that the
father of the little girl turned to
'V)ld Babe," the dog, and .told him
to "go find the baby." The dog
was takes to the clearing where tha
child was last seen. For some time
the dog failed to take the scent
But at last with a yelp of joy Old
Babe was off, the father of the
child following.
Miles from home, in the thick un
derbrush, the little hood belonging
to the girl was picked up. Some
distance beyond the father heard
the joyful yelps of the dog. The
little girl was found in a deep gulch,
safe and unharmed, soundly Bleep
ing between two logs. The dog
was tugging at her garments in an
effort to arouse her, when the -father
heached the spot Her wander
ings had brought her near the
banks of the swift waters of the
Big Sandy.
"I was tested. Babe, and I waa
coming home to play with you when
it got light" she said.
The gratitude of the father and
the joyful tears of the mother were
combined with the joyful yelps of
the faithful old dog at the finding
of the lost child. This is a true
story of a faithful dog. The writer
has traveled many times through
this section and knows the dangers
of being lost in such a region. Our
Dumb Animals.
Ctrl Scoot News
The Girl Scouts met at the home
of Captain Jones, Monday, Decem
ber 30, 1918. Two members were
initiated.
Various committees were appoint
ed. The members of those commit
tees are as follows:
Captain Jones, Lieutenant Way,
Corporal Libbklng. Pauline Klotz,
Christine Du Vail, Ethel Heithaus,
Alice McGrew, Bernice Weaver,
Sarah Kring and Madge Whitesell,
secretary.
Lieutenant Way will announce
plans ' for the Scout basket-ball
team next Monday.
The next meeting wil lbe held at
the home of Corporal Libbking next
Monday evening, January 6, 1919.
SEA SCOUTS SELL BONDS.
The Sea Scouts of the Sloop
Pennsylvania connected with Troop
No. 10, Wllkinsburg, Pa. (under the
Allegheny County Council), soli
during the Fourth Liberty Loan
drive bonds to the amount of $125,
soe.
The Sea Scouts are ready to buy
uniforms. They are receiving much
help from the men in charge of the
Navy Recruiting Station In Pittsburgh.

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