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The Richmond palladium and sun-telegram. [volume] (Richmond, Ind.) 1907-1939, January 13, 1919, Image 1

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VOL. XL1V..N0. 54
Palladium and Sun-Telegram
Consolidated 190?
RICHMOND, IND. MONDAY ; EVENING. JAN. 13, 1919
SINGLE COPY 3 CENTS ,
MOM) F ATXABI
p
WOf.lAfl LEADER
OF RADICALS IS
ARRESTED BY
WAN FORCES
Rosa Luxembourg, Lieb-
knechfs Aide, Taken in
Custody by Government
Soldiers
1,300 DIE IN REVOLT
(By Associated Fress)
BERLIN, Jan. 13. Rosa Luxem
bourg, associated with Dr. Karl Lieb
knecht In the leadership of the rebel
lious Spartacan forces in Berlin, has
been arrested by government soldiers,
according to a report in the Taeglische
Rundschau. The arrest is said to have
been made when the troops were
cleaning out the central office of the
Spart&cans last night, when Dr. Lieb
knecht's son also is reported to have
been taken.
- The capture of the Spartacan office
was effected by the free use of hand1
grenades. The soldiers burned In the
street an immense quantity of Bolshev
ik literature found in the headquarters.
The armistice between the contend
ing factions at Berlin has been broken
and fighting has been resumed. The
Spartacans are still in possession of
part of the Tageblatt building.
Reports indicate, it is reported, that
the Spartacan forces have lost 1.300
killed since the outbreak of the revo
lution and that there are many more
wounded. .
Federal Troops. Arrive.
, Government troops numbering 13,000
arrived in Berlin on Saturday but with
the strengthening of its military forces
the cabinet is reported to be losing its
political influence among. the masses.
Twenty-eight mass meetings were be
ing planned for today at Berlin for the
purpose of off-setting this trend. These
meetings, which were to be addressed
by ministers and party leaders, were
expected to lead to a renewal of the
collisions with the Spartacans.
It Is reported that several banks and
shops were plundered by mobs on Sat
urday and that great armed crowds
are continually parading the streets.
Spartacan leaders had been able to
conclude an armistice on fairly even
terms. It was stipulated that govern
ment troops should not be reinforced
during the truce nor resume opera
tors without a half-days notice.
. The capture of the Vorwaerts build
ing is considered rather important
strategically. The plant Js not in the
group cf other newspaper offices, but
lies deeper into Spartacan territory,
between the principal newspaper quar
ter and the Spartacan headquarters at
the central police station. Its capture
therefore Interferes with the Sparta
can communications with outlying de
tachments. The Vorwaerts building
was badly damaged by artilery fire
and wa3 coming down over the heads
of the defenders before they surren
dered. Ledebour Arrested.
The arrest of George Ledebour,
leader of the Independent Socialists,
is looked upon as significant as a com
plete break in his relations with the
cabinet and presumably the end of
the clandestine negotiations looking
to a compromise of existing difficulties
by arrangement for the disappearance
of particularly objectionable persons
on both sides and the postponement of
the elections for the national assem
bly. There is no confirmation of the
report that Dr. Leibknecht has been
killed. He has, however, faded from
sight with Chief of Police Eichhorn.
His disappearance may have given
rise to reports of hi3 death or arrest
Spartacan forces outside of Berlin
have been able to a certain extent to
interfere with the arival of govern
ment reinforcements. At Lautch, near
Leipsic, they are reported to have
disarmed three trainloads of troops on
their way to Berlin.
Government forces have captured
the police headquarters after a short
bombardment. When the fighting be
gan the troops fired a few shells and
then waited to see what effect had
been made upon the Spartacans.
When the latter failed to show signs
of yielding, two men were sent for
ward with a white flag, demanding the
turrender of the Spartacans. They
were fired upon and killed by the men
holding the building.
Prisoners Seized.
Artillery fire was then resumed for
a few minutes and the Spartacans be
gan to flee. The soldiers thereupon
stormed the building with a cheer and
took several hundred prisoners: No
government troops were killed in this
encounter. It is reported that the
Iiolahevists are believed to have suf
fered the loss of fifty killed and
many wounded. The soldiers were en
raged at the shooting of the white flag
bearers and the Bolshevists are said to
have fared budly in the final cla3h.
Loyal troops have carried by storm
tbo Btiexenstein printing plant, where
the Krcuzzeitung is printed. This
building is in the vicinity of the one
occupied by the Vorwaerts and occu
pation of it by the Bolshevlst3 had
rendered the whole quarter unsafe.
Many citizens were killed and wound
er recently by shots fired from the
windows of this building.
The capture of Vorwaerts building
was carried out by approximately COO
loyal troops. They first destroyed an
entrenchment in front of the building
consisting of rolls of printing paper
behind which two machine guns had
been installed. Two shots from a
mine thrower swept away the whole
fortification, with the gun crew.
Russians Captured.
The Spartacans sent a white flag
partly forward but were told that noth
ing but unconditional surrender would
be considered. Two mine throwers and
two field guns then began a systematic
bombardment and soldiers worked
(Continued on Page Ten)
Ship Owners Refuse to
Submit Controversy
to War Labor Board
(By Associated Press)
NEW YORK, Jan. 13. Private own
ers of New York boats whose em
ployes together with those of the rail
road administration went on strike
last week in an attempt to force ar
bitration of their demands for higher
wages and an eight-hour day, refused
today to submit their side of the con
troversy for decision by the war labor
board.
CIVILIAN GUARDS
FIGHT BOLSHEVIK
IN BUENOS AYRES
South American Governments
Strengthen Forces to Fight
Movement.
(By Associated Press)
BUENOS AYRES. Jan. 13. At 4
o'clock this morning it was stated at
police headquarters that no serious
clashes had been reported anywhere
since 10 o'clock last night. At that
hour it was believed the government
had the situation in hand. Several
hundred student volunteers who had
been assembled at the naval club to
await orders were dismissed at mid
night. Civilian guards with rifles and
drawn revolvers patrolled the city
Sunday, breaking up crowds and ar
resting suspicious characters. It Is
announced that 150 persons suspected
of being implicated in a Bolshevist
movement aimed at the overthrow of
the government had been arrested.
Among those under detention are the
men who were to hold offices of Pres
ident, chief of police and other im
portant positions.
Patrols of guards were fired upon
several times from buildings during
the day. It being charged that Maxi
malists were guilty. During the even
ing a "repenant Maximiliast" con
fessed, according to the military au
thorities, that there had been a plot
to destroy the Plaza hotel during the
night for the purpose of killing a man
whose name up to the present has not
been announced. A machine gun com
pany was sent to the hotel which
houses the families of several Ameri
can business men on missions here.
Spreads Over Country.
There was limited street car service
on Sunday, but all the cars were with
drawn., after dark, and all suburban
trains were annulled at 9 o'clock in
the evening.
Censored reports from the interior
indicate that the Maximalist move
ment is spreading to the principal cit
ies, notably Rosario, where, a general
strike was called Sunday morning. It
was decided in that' city not to defend
the police sub-stations, and all ar
chives and officers were concentrated
at the central headquarters. It is re
ported that several street speakers
have been arrested at Rosario and held
in solitary confinement.
Independent strikes were begun this
morning on railways not affected by
the general walkout of last week.
Trains on the Central Argentine rail
way, which left here on Sunday morn
ing are being held at Rosario from
which city no trains are permitted to
leave for Buenos Aires.
The Western railway also is tied
up by a strike which began at mid
night. At 4 o'clock this morning the
roundhouse and other railway build
ings were surrounded by strikers and
firing was reported. These strikes
will embarrass the movement of
troops.
Disorder in Montevideo
It was learned this morning that
more troops were expected soon after
daybreak.
Troops have been sent by General
Dellepaine to requisition the arms in
a number of privately owned gun
shops, thus preventing them from
falling into the hands of the Maximil
ists. The guard around the govern
ment armory has been increased.
Reports from Montevideo say that
the authorities there are strengthen
ing their forces against the Bolshe
vist movement. Troops have been
thrown around Villa de Cerro localiz
ing strike disorders to that district
where there are American packing
houses.
ROSARIO. Argentina, Jan. 13 Se
vere fighting occurred at a sugar re
finery here yesterday following the
declaration of a general strike. The
number of casualties has not been re
ported. Several street cars have been
burned by mobs.
INTERNED GERMAN FREED
ATLANTA. Ga.. Jan. 13 Charles F.
Banning, wealthy Pittsburgh manufac
turer Interned at Ft. Oglethorpe as an
enemy alien today was ordered re
leased by Federal Judge Newman,
granted a writ of habeas corpus
brought by Banning, a native of Ger
many. THE WEATHER
ror Indiana by the United States
Weather Bureau Cloudy tonight and
Tuesday. Colder Tuesday and in north
and west portion tonight.
Today's Temperature.
Noon 46
Yesterday.
Maximum 42
Minimum 24
For Wayne County by W. E. Moore
Partly cloudy and unsettled tonight
and Tuesday. Probably light rain or
snow. Colder Tuesday.
General Conditions The tempera
tures are now moderate east of the
Rocky Mountains and above normal
over the central etates. Colder in the
west and tempeartures are expected to
fall late tonight or Tuesday. The Pa
cific coast storm has crossed the
Rocky mountains, causing unsettled
weather. .
ASSEMBLY ACTION
ON DRY MEASURE
DUE TOMORROW
Hagerty Will Lead Fight
Against Ratification of U.
S. Amendment.
(By Associated Prese)
INDIANAPOLIS, .Jan. 13. Specula
tion as to their committee assignments
occupied much time of the legislators
today, following the announcement of
Lieutenant Governor Bush and Speak
er Eschbach that the committee mem
berships might not be made public be
fore tomorrow. ' Hotel lobbies were
the scenes of group meetings, where
many men expressed a desire for ap
pointment to the committees handling
proposed administration legislation.
Interest centered today in the prob
ability that ratification of the national
prohibition amendment would be con
sidered today or early tomorrow.
There will be some opposition to the
amendment in the senate and possibly
a few dissenting votes in the house,
leaders said.
Expects Ratification. ,
Senator Charles A. Hagerty. of
South Bend, will lead the fight against
the amendment he said. He voted dry
when state wide prohibition came up
during the last session, but will base
his argument on the constitutional
provision that once an amendment is
adopted, three-fourths of the states
aro required to repeal the amend
ment. Thus, Senator Hagerty says,
thirteen states may prevent thirty-five
states from returning to liquor manu
facture and sale, if this number should
ever desire to return to the "wet"
status. The senator said he expects
the amendment to be ratified despite
his opposition, but that he docs not
believe in its principal and will not
see the senate take such action with
out him rising In protest. He asserts
there will be at least ten votes in op
position to the amendment.
WILSON APPEALS
FOR RELIEF FUND
(By Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, Jan. 13 President
Wilson has sent an urgent message
to Senator Martin and Representative
Sherley, chairman of the congression
al appropriations committee asking
them to present with all force and
urgency to congress,' the need for im
mediate favorable action on bis re
quest for, an appropriation of lOtt, mil
lion dollars for food relief ip Europe.
The president said European States
men urged immediate and concerted
action as a means of stemming . the
tide of famine and unrest and that
food relief was the key to the whole
European situation and to the solution
of peace. .
Wilson Attends Meeting
in Paris Y. M. C A. Hut
(By Associate Press)
PARIS. Sunday. Jan. 12. President
Wilson attended a meeting at a big
Y. M. C. A. hut here tonight and
heard the Rev. Charles H. Brent, for
mer Protestant Episcopal bishop of
the Philippine Islands, preach on the
subject "Comrades In Service." Mr.
Wilson occupied a seat on the plat
form but did not speak. lie was ac
companied by Robert Lansing, secre
tary of state, but Colyiel E. M. House
was not present bemuse of illness.
COURT DECISION ON
REED AMENDMENT
(By Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, Jan. 13. The su
preme court held today that the Reed
"bone dry" prohibition amendment
prohibits inter-state transportation in
to dry states of intoxicating liquors
for beverage proposes, even when in
tended for personal use.
Justice McReynoIds, in a dissenting
opinion, concurred in by Justice Clark
declared the Reed amendment was not
an interstate commerce regulatory
measure, but a direct Intermeddling
with state affairs and behind federal
power.
Luxemburg Government
Asks Support of Dynasty
(By Associated Press)
LONDON. Jan. 13 The Luxem
burg government has issued a pro
clamation appealing to the people
against the movement for the estab
lishment of a republic and urging sup
port to the dynasty. The proclama
tion announces that Grand Duchess
Marie has declared her readiness to
abdicate if her retention of the throne
would be an obstacle to the decision
taken by the government to seek an
economic alliance with the entente
powers, especially France and Bel
ium. Major Lacey Honored
by Richmond Elks
Major M. M. Lacey of Fountain City,
one of Wayne county's best-known
citizens, was recently honored by Rich
mond Lodge of Elks by being elected
to life membership, an honor rarely
conferred by the fraternity. Yester
day a committee of five members of
Richmond Lodge went to Fountain
City to formally notify Major Lacey of
the action and to present him with a
silver case, appropriately engraved,
in which was contained the life certifi
cate. Major Lacey who is now eighty
four years of age, has been a member
of Richmond Lodge of Elks for fif
teen years and has been particularly
loyal and devoted to its principles.
Paderewski, Great
Ignace Paderwskl, Polish president, in center, with Major Joseph F. Kasiowskl, at left, and Capt. J. Marten, at right,
his chief aides.
Ignace Paderwski, famous the world over as a musician. Is now playing an Important part in the destiny of Pol
and. He recently became president of his native land when it declared its independence. Poland is warring against
Germany, anything that speaks of Germany and against the Bolshevik!. Recent dispatches stated that Paderewski
had been slightly wounded by a shot from an assassiu.
Paderewski Slightly
Wounded in Attack
By Associated Press)
GENEVA. Jan. 13 Ignace Jan Pad
erewski, the Polish leader, was only
slightly wounded in the attack made
upon him by a would be assassin at
Warsaw, according to a telegram re
ceived by friends here today He Is
Bald to be continuing his work with
General Joseph Pilsudskl on the re
construction of the Polish government,
and is planning measures against th
Bolshevists.
TV0 MEN LOST WHEN
LIFEBOAT CAPSIZES
HALIFAX. N. S., Jan. 13. Wireless
dispatches from vessels standing by
the United, States shipping board
steamship Casta II a, which has been in
distress off the coast of Nova Scotia
since early Saturday morning, brought
news that the rescue, of 44 of the
crew had begun shortly. after 9 a. m.
today and that; one of her life" boats
containing 1? men had capsized and
that two were drowned. "
GERMAN SHIPS TO
TRANSPORT TROOPS
CY Associated Press)
PARIS. Sunday, January 12 Ameri
can and British representatives will
hold a conference with German admir
alty authorities at Treves on Wednes
day for the purpose of acquiring pos
session of German and Austrian pas
senger ships for the transportation of
troops. The United States will be
represented by R. N. Hurley, chair
man of the shipping ; board and Ad
miral W. S. Benson. Admiral Brown
ing will be the representative of Great
Britain.
It is proposed that America give
Austria and Germany food for the
ships. It Is planned that the British
will get smaller ships for the return
of troops to Australia and Canada
while America will have the big boats,
which will include virtually all the
Hamburg-American liners. Including
the Imperator. This division is sug
gested because the bigger liner3 are
too large for Australian or Canadian
harbors. If this arrangement becomes
effective, it will increase the flow of
troops to America about seventy
thousand per month. This will make
a total capacity of shipping approxi
mately 170,000 men each month.
U. S. TO SEND CORPS
TO AID OF POLES
(By Associated PressJ
PARIS. Sunday. Jan. 12 America
has informed the allied governments,
according to the Temps, that it is
ready to send an American expedition
ary corps to Poland. This force, the
newspaper states, would bo able to
"at least double the support given by
two Polish divisions to be sent from
the western front and enable the
Poles to victoriously resist the Bol
shevists." In discussing today's meeting of the
supreme interallied council, the Temps
says that while tire conditions to be
laid down for the renewal of the arm
istice between the allies and Germany
were the subject of most of the dis
cussion, the sending of military as
sistance to Poland was also taken up.
In an editorial . on xthjs subject the
newspaper says that it considers it
"indispensable that the two . Polish
divisions now in France should be
sent to Poland and be supported by a
certain number of allied detachments
which would be able to occupy the
railroad from Danzig to Thorn, thus
maintaining communications with the
west."
Bolshevik Emissary
Held by Germans
LONDON, Jan. 13. Karl Radek, one
ot the Russian Bolshevik emissaries
in Berlin, has been arrested, accord
ing to Berlin advices to the Exchange
Telegraph - company - through Copen
hagen. The dispatch also reports the
capture of the Boetzow brewery by
government forces,
Pianist Wounded by Assassin's Bullet
U. S. RAIL CONTROL
URGED TO SETTLE
FREIGHT RATES
Only by Continuance Can
Rate Structure be Rebuilt,
Claims Woolley.
(By Associated Press)
WASHINGTON. Jan. 13. Commis
sioner Robert W. Woolley, the one
member of the interstate commerce
commission who supports the proposal
to extend government operation of
railroads, five years, contending be
fore the senate Interstate commerce
committee, today that only through
continuing federal management for a
sufficient period under normal, condi
tipns ; could, the present" freight irate
structure be rebuilt to give "exact jus
tice to the whole people rather than to
the shippers and to the carriers as
classes " ; '
He blamed the present rate struc
ture for many of the country's trans
portation evils and declared it "un
scientific, illogical and laden with pref
erences." Deficit War Expense.
Reviewing accomplishments of the
federal administration, Mr. Woolley
said the 19f. million dollars deficit oT
the railroads under government con
trol should be charged as a war cause
and defrayed out of the United States
treasury.
"Proper settlement of the freight
rate question," said to the commission
er, "goes to the heart of our social
and economic problems and upon it
depends almost wholly the very ex
istance to thousands of communities
and the happiness and chance to pros
per of millions of our people. The ef
fect of the rate making powers baa
been and 1s taxation of small towns
and rural committee without represen
tation. GREGORY TO LEAVE
CABINET MARCH 4
TO PRACTICE LAW
WASHINGTON. January 13. Attor
ney General Gregory will retire from
the cabinet March 4 to return to the
practice of law. His resignation, an
nounced last night at the White House
was cabled to President Wilson on
Thursday and accepted.
Mr. Gregory had long considered re
turning to private life because of pe
cuniary responsibilities and , he dis
cussed his resignation with the pres
ident before Mr. Wilson went to
France last monlh. At the request
of the president, however, he decided
to remain in office until March.
The-attorney general, who was ap
pointed August 2I, 1014. after serving
two years as an assistant attorney
general, has made no definite plans
for the future and. lias not decided
where he will take up law practice.
His home is in Texas.
Moral Progress Offsets
Material Loss of Allies
(By Associated Press)
TOKIO, Jan. 13. Baron Takahash!.
Japan's Finance Minister recently
warned the members cf the Japan
Trade Association, that they should
pay close attention to the fact that
while Japan had gained material pros
oerity from the war, the other allies
had gained moral prosperity. It was
! not improbable that the Allied peo
ples by their sufferings and privations
had more than offset their material
losses by their moral progress.'
Japan, said the minister had placed
her goods largely because foreign
customers could not get what they
wanted from other countries. There
j had been complaints of the quality of
gooas exported irom japan, ana every
thing should be done to keep up the
standards He suggested that individ
ual activity in . trade and industries
should be systematically trained and
.organized. .. ... , .
British Troops Occupy
Town of Duesseldorf
(By Associated Press)
COPENHAGEN, Sunday, Jan. 12.
British troops have occupied Duessel
dorf, which has been in the hands of
the Spartacans, according to a report
from Berlin.
Duesseldorf Is a town In Rhenish
Prussia. It Is situated on the right
bank of the Rhine, twenty-one miles
northwest of Cologne.
WANTS", S. TROOPS
OUT OF RUSSIA
WASHINGTON. Jan. 13. A resolu
tion to record the senate as favoring
withdrawal of American soldiers from
Russia "as soon as practicable" was
introduced today by Senator Johnson
of California, with an assertion that
the United. States government had no
Russian policy and was inviting dis
aster. ?v
FAVORS HISTORY
.OF COUNTY IN WAR
At a meeting of the Wayne County
Council of Defense Saturday -. after
noon, the council favored a compila
tion of a history of the Dart Wavne
'county has played in the great war.
Dr. J. J. Rae was named as editor-in-chief.
Miss M. E. B. Culbertson was
named as an editor to collect data on
work done by the women in the
county. Five other editors will be an
nounced later.
This compilation is to be very ox
tensive and the initial expense will be
paid by the county. The idea of the
council is to distribute a copy to each
of the men who served in the war and
to sell copies at a nominal price.
The Council also passed a resolu
tion to the effect that the Wayne
County Council of Defense favors the
erection of a memorial hall to those
in tho service of the recent war and
preceding wars. The council also ad
vocates that a bill bo Introduced in
the legislature that will permit such
building to be erected by taxation.
The building which the council has
in mind is one built on good architec
tural lines that will accommodate
large crowds, any kind of meeting or
institute, and enough ground space for
flowers and gardens.
DAN REID DONATES
SEAMEN'S MEMORIAL
Daniel G. Rcid. formerly of Rich
mond, who is chairman of the New
York city executive committee in
charge of all arrangements for the
j reception of home-coming soldiers
! from the battle fields of France, has
donated to the city of New York a
ship's bell clock, in memory of Amer
ican seamen w ho died during the war.
A dispatch from New York says the
bell is to be placed at the end of a
i pier in North river overlooking the
harbor.
The clock weighs a thousand
pounds. The bell, which is 37 inches
in diameter and made of the best
bronze bell metal composition, was
cast by the Menec-Iy Bell company, of
Troy. N. Y. The work of casting
which required about a month, was
completed recently and the bell baa
already been shipped by express to
New York. The bell automatically
will strike every half hour. As far as
is known this is the first public ship's
bell ;with an automatic striking ar
rangement. Limitations on Shipping
Are Removed by V. S.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 13. All limi
tations on the kind or amount of fuel
coal, food and other ship supplies
which . vessels outward bound from
American points may carry were re
moved in orders issued today by the
war; trade board. Licenses for bunker
coal will be issued in the same man
ner: 83 heretofore, however, and
through this the board will continue
to control -, the destinations of the
ships.
FIRST ACTUAL
SESSION OF
PEACE MEET
HELD TODAY
Meeting Today Will Deter
mine Whether Sessions of
Peace Conference Shall be
Open or Secret.
DRAW UP U. S. PLANS
(By Associated Press)
PARIS. Jan. 13 The first actual
session of the peace congress is be
ing held today although it is officially
designated as one of the series of con
versations for laying the groundwork
for the structure which will later be
presented to the formal assembly of
the delegates of all the nations. Yes
terday's meeting was preliminary to
today's as today's is preliminary to
tomorrow's and those of the coming
weeks and months.
These conversations will take up de
tails of the program to be carried out
what subjects will be considered at
the meetings, the roles of expert ad
visors and the order in which various
matters will be considered.
Today's meeting will probably deal
with the important question of the
organization by which the peace con
gress will function. It is also expected
to make a start toward a decision on
one question uppermost in the public
eye whether the sessions will be
under the full observation of the
world or whether they will be secreL
Local Quarrels Secondary.
Nothing has developed to alter the
statement that the American delegates
are primarily concerned with the crea
tion of a league of nations and the
making of a just peace. Territorial
ambitions, local quarrels and rivalry
for economic advantages among the
European delegates are secondary In
the minds of the Americans who are
concerned only with the assurance
that these details, when worked out,
will square with the principles to be
laid down for the preservation - of
peace.
Reports that the American delega
tion has agreed on a working plan for
a league of nations and that it will be
one of the first things to be laid be
fore the congress, have been current
in Paris. All outward ovirionron in of
ficial quarters point in the other -di-
ifWCllon
It it known that as late as Presf-
dent Wilson's return from Italy he
was not prepare to lay down a work
ing plan and that he preferred to
have other plans originating among
the entente delegates offered first. It
was felt that such a procedure, be
sides having a tactical advantage,
would show desirable deference to the
European statesmen having plans to
submit.
Experts Draw up Plan.
At the same time, it is known that
Mr. Wilson has sejected five men con
nected with the American mission,
recognized experts" in international
law. to draw up a tentative plan which
he could compare with its own ideas.
Out of the whole It was hoped to
frame some concrete proposition rep
resenting the best ideas of the Amer
ican delegation. These men have not
finished their work and unless Presi
dent Wilson without consultation has
prepared a plan which he is willing to
put forward as that of the United
States, there is now no such thing as
definitely accepted plan.
It is recalled by an international
lawyer working on the problem that
all projects of this sort are to a cer
tain extent inspired by a precedent
and that it is always desirable to
utilize what Is available from the
work of previous conferences which
have struggled to evolve plans to pre
vent war. Naturally those studying
the problem turn to the proceedings
of The Hague conferences, particular
ly the second, and it probably will be
found when the present peace con
gress gets under way, that a great
deal of the structure of that confer
ence will be utilized. It is probable
that with this will be coupled the
plan of William J. Bryan calling for a
year's Investigation of disputes before
a declaration of war. This latter Ma
ture is one of the very definite things
that Mr. Wilson is understood to have
in mind.
American international lawyers are
convinced that the great battle of
wits will come in the discussion of
whether machinery is proposed to
lessen the probability of war. Not all
of them believe that the results of
this peace congress will make war Im
possible but they are sanguine that
it will make armed conflicts more difficult-
Their principal concern Is that
the structure of the agreement wheth
er it is called a league of nations or
something else, shall not be framed,
like The Hague conventions, in quali
fying phrases (on popular terminology
"loopholes") which would undermine
the whole structure.
Want War Prevention.
President Wilson and his commis
sioners are working on the theory
that Great Britain, France, Italy and
the rest of the world want some new
machinery which will prevent war.
Upon such a determination they are
today fundamentally agreed. The busi
ness of conversations which began to
day is to find a common ground upon
which all can unite for such a purpose.
Upon the further details the United
States is said to be unconcerned, fur
ther than to expect a fulfillment of
covenants and that details of , the
work shall be in agreement with the
principles already announced.
It was reported some time ago that
the most that was hoped for before
Mr. Wilson's return to the United
States is a general agreement on broad
principles. There is no reason now to
change that forecast.
The first business before the su
( Continued on Page Twelve.)

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