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VOL XI.TV NO fiQ Palladium and 8un-Teleram VUU AWV.,U..O consolidated 10T . RICHMOND, IND., THURSDAY EVENING, JAN. 30, 1919 POWERS AGREE TO CENTRAL GOVERNMENT OF COLONIES Principles of Wilson's Plan : Accepted Report Says Congress Has Eliminated Idea of Heavy Indemnities. NO REPLY FROM RUSSIA ANTI-GERM MEASURE IS; DELAYED IN LEGISLATURE VALUE OF CROPS INCREASED HALF BILLION IN 1918 Earns Medal for Directing Supplies May be Named to Diplomatic Posts Is Leader of New Party in Ireland WILSON CRITICS ARE REBUKED IN SENATEADDRESS Partisan Politics Responsible for Opposition Tafts Stand Praised by Pollock. By Associated Press) . WASHINGTON, Jan. 30. Critics of President Wilson and his proposal of a league of nations were sharply re buked in the senate today by Senator Pollock of South Carolina, Democrat, who in his first prepared address charged that partisan . politics was the basis for much of the criticism voiced recently in the senate. Senators Lodge, of Massachusetts, Knox of Pennsylvania and Borah of Idaho, Republicans, and Reed of Mis souri, - Democrat, the South Carolina senator said, were among those who High Prices and Increased Production Helped Swell Value Worth 14 Billion. (By Associated Press) ' I Vw&ft ' V fj X Action Delayed Until Return of Representative Rothrock Protests Against Bilf Are Received. LABOR DILL RETURNED (By Associated Press) INDIANAPOLIS. Jan. 30. Consid eration of tho Lowe measure, which would prevent the use of a foreign language la the first six grades of 1 school In Indiana, wag postponed for 'one week today, when the bill was handed In the house of the legislature as a special order of business. The action was taken because of the absence of Representative Rothrock, of Bloomlngton, who Is . leading the fight to strengthen the measure and leave no room for doubt that paro chial and private schools vtfjuld be effected as well as the public schools. Mr. Rothrock was called away from the city to attend the funeral of a relative. Protests of members of Lutheran churches in Laporte county and 75 residents of Adams county against the Lowe bill, were received. Republican leaders of the state sen ate and members of the state central committee have summoned all major ity members of the senate into a cau cus to be held soon when an attempt will be made to line up the insurgents to favor administration and platform measures. A steering committee may , be named. Several bills were introduced and all of the constitutional amendments up today for second reading, as a spe cial order of business, were passed to engrossment. Senator McCray introduced the mo tion picture bill legalizing Sunday movies and establishing the mayor and department of police as a board of censorship in each city, for preventing the. showing .of Immoral films. The bill provides 2 o'clock as the time for opening." . ..- : -.: . '. ' : - . , A registration bill, drawn at the re quest of Governor Goodrich was intro duced by Oscar Ratts. . It provides rihatthe county and township asses sors, should conduct the registrations. Senator McConaba Introduced a bill to prevent the dismissal of fire depart ment members without sufficient "grounds, preventing their, dismissal without cause at the end of each, ad administration. - The Bidaman measure, which would prevent injunction and Indictment pro ceedings against individuals or organ ization working to Improve conditions of labor. Increased wages or shorten ing hours of labor was reported by the committee on labor recommending passage, but the house refused to ac cept the report and the bill was sent back to the comimttee. The measure was drafted by the council of the state Federation of Labor. Provide Stock Increases. The Cooper measure giving the right of appeal from decisions of the state hoard of health In condemnation of school buildings proceedings was passed by a vote of 85 to 6 and the Shilling measure provided for bank in creasing their stock in order to receive greater sums of public sums for de posit was passed by a vote of 7S to 11. Among the new bills introduced were the following, which provide: Representative Cann, Frankfort, to compel railroad and lnterurban com panies to cut thistles, burrs, and other noxious weeds on their right-of-ways between July 1 and Aug. 20 of each year. By Representative Laughlin, Odon, to repeal the law of 1903 concerning loans being made direct to married women. Building Inspection. 1 Other bills included one to provide for towns and cities of more than 1, 000 population erecting and maintain ing public auditoriums and limiting the tax levy for such purpose as not to exceed two mills on each dollar of taxable; another to provide that a person who commits arson and as a result of which a human lifo is lost, shall bo tried for first degree murder; and a third to require that public buildings constructed of brick, stone, concrete and like substitutes of like character shall be inspected by a man experienced In masonry constantly during construction. The committee on state medicine , was to report two measures, intro duced by Representative Swain, of (Continued on Page Twelve) ASHINGTON, Jan. 30. W l Why should not the gov II ernment pocket its loss es causeu uy iuo uevuuc of grain prices and let prices drop to their nat al level, with resultant beneficial effect on the cost of raising live stock, etc.? This perfectly natural question Is telng discussed on all side In Wash ington as the result of inquiries pour ing in upon members of Congress, and is being given earnest study. Strictly speaking, the food adminls- tion has regulated prices upon only fine product, sugar, the price of which it has held down, it has administerea upon wheat, but Congress, not the food administration, fixed the basic price of wheat at $2; and with respect to pork, of which a surplus exists in American Farmer to Get $2 For Wheat; Government Must Pocket Its Own Loss Robert J. Thorne. Robert J. Thorne, through most of the war acting as assistant to the quartermaster general of the army, has been awarded the Distinguished Service medal. During his service in the army he has reorganized the serv ice of supply. Before taking up his war duties, Mr. Thorne was president and manager of a large mail order house. "HYSTERIA" OVER RECONSTRUCTION CLAIMS WILSON Need of "Buffer Legislation to Tide Over Readjustment Advanced (By Associated Press.) WASHINGTON, Jan. 30. Discuss ing unemployment problems today be fore a joint meeting of the senate and house labor committees Secretary of Labor Wilson sajd there was "consid erable hysteria" In the country over reconstruction but . that the problems would be worked out successfully. He said although reports to the depart ment showed 262,000 unemployed men at 123 Industrial centers, this' week compared with 235,00 last' week; he did not consider, the situation alarm ing. , ' ' -,f:i - This condition, the secretary added, however, indicated a "trend and need of legislation that will be a buffer to tide us through the brief period of un employment." Immediate enactment of legislation to provide "buffer" employment so as to prevent the "philosophy of force" from even getting a hold in this coun try during the reconstruction period was urged by the secretary. REPORT HIGH DEATH RATE. (By Associated Press) CLEVELAND, Jan. 30 Deaths in Cleveland from influenza since Octo ber 1, last, total 2,863, according to records compiled by the city health department. This is four times the nnmher nr Cleveland soldiers lost in the war, the authorities declared. THE WEATHER For Indiana , by the United States Weather Bureau Fair tonight and Friday. Slightly lower temperature tonight Today's Temperature. Noon Yesterday. Maximum 38 Minimum 24 For Wayne County by W. E. Moore. Fair tonight and Friday. Below freez ing tonight. General Conditions Unusually mild weather continues over practically all of the United States. Snow covering has disappeared except over eastern North Dakota and part of Minnesota nd the lake region. It was 56 at Med icine Hat yesterday, but colder there this mofning. Severe cold weather, lowest of the season, covers central Alaska and Yukon valley. It is 46 be low zero at Nome and 62 below at Tanan. This severe cold weather is gradually moving southward and will probably cover all of Canada within the next few days. this country, the food administration merely participated in the so-called gentleman's agreement between farm ers, packers and the public that hogs should be sold at not less than $17.50 on the hoof. Pork Taking Care of Itself. The. pork question appears likely to take care of itself within a very short time. It is, estimated that .the war crop of hogs will all have been mar keted by March 15, 1919, and with cargo space more plentiful pork will move rapidly across the water and the surplus in the United States quickly be turned to a deficit In fact, were tho present guarantee removed it is altogether likely that much higher prices would prevail if not immediate ly at least within a few months, for the world shortage of pork cannot be remedied for a long time. The wheat situation is larger and had labored for "destruction instead of construction" in the peace plans. ''I warn the gentlemen In this body that this is no ordinary political ques tion" said Mr. Pollock. "I warn the gentlemen that the American people will not look with favor upon any man who would play politics with the peo ple's blood. The American people will hold them responsible if they place obstacles in the way of saving the world from a repetition of its anguish of the past four years." People Opposes Wars. Senator Pollock who took his seat last month to fill the unexpired term of the late Senator Tillman said he spoke "merely as an ordinary man and a fiumble member unknown largely beyond the limits" of South Carolina, but added that he was fresh from contact with the plain people of America who desire an agreement among nations to prevent future wars. - Senator Pollock said lie had listened with impatience "to petty partisan crit icisms of the President" by Senators attempting to bring the President of the United States, into disfavor and contempt and ridicule of the world, and praised former President Tnft for his support of President Wilson's ef forts in behalf of a league of nations. Enemy to Human Race. "We will be recreant to our duty," the Senator said, "and false to our people and traitors to the human race if we don't here and now highly re solve that we will lay aside all parti sanship and all carping criticism, all fault finding, unless we can sugest something better and encourage our representatives at the peace council as to the best way to effectuate the hopes of mankind for the peace of the world. "Today Is the day; tomorrow will be too late. He. who, would postpone the 1 J If - . . 1 0 consideration n projiw wosiw w nations is bardljrJkMa an w human race ttura he whd comes out boldly in ' full opposition ' and prates about, the sovereignty of the United States and declares that he will not consent to arbitrate the Monroe doc trine and will not agree, to send American boys to fight other people's battles thousands of mile away." RICHMOND DOCTORS MEET IN FRANCE Christmas day spent in France with an "old friend from home" was the pleasant experience of Lieut. W. L. Misener, .located at the base hos pital in LaRochelle, France. Lieut Misener in a letter to his wife, tells of a recent visit in Bordeaux, where he met Dr. S. G. Smelser, of Richmond. Misener took three coaches of wound ed soldiers to the hospital at Bor deaux, to be taken to America, and while in the hospital met Dr. Smelser. "We spent Christmas day together and had a long, long talk about Rich mond." the letter says. "Whoever is instrumental in getting Uie boys home the quickest," Dr. Mise ner says, "will easily be pur next pres ident. These boys are ready and an xious to get home. We don't like the weather in France, for it is damp and cold, so that all of us will be glad to see the United States again." Lieut. Misener said he thought most every boy had received his Christmas package from home and that mail was beginning to come more regularly now that the Christmas rush was over. He is located in a hospital of 500 beds and says he likes his work. In the hospital are four boys from home, one by the name of Ford and one named Green. He did not name the other two. Dr. Misener hopes to be sent home within six months but is not sure when the medical men will be released. "BOB" OWENS DEAD BEDFORD, Ind., Jan. 30 Robert Owens, better known in all parts of the state as "Boh" Owens, died at a hospital here today of influenza. He bad been ill three days. may be more serious, unless Congress exercises better judgment than it has shown in the recent past when mon keying with economic problems. It may have been forgotten that Mr. Hoover never proposed a guaranteed price for wheat This was established by congress in the so-called food stim ulation bill signed Aug. 10, 1917, which also created the food administration. ; Issues Statement. Mr. Hoover had not been in office a week before he issued a statement in which he Intimated that a mistake had been made in fixing a high price in such a rigid manner. After remark ing that the government stood to lose from $300,000,000 to $500,000,000 on the wheat guarantee if peace arrived before the 1918 harvest was marketed, he continued: "I would like to say frankly that " I have felt from the beginning that the stimulation of the ' - s ' y - , , , , ' v 7 ; vj Senator Saulsbury, above, and J. Ham Lewis. " Among several, appointments to im portant positions which await the re turn of President Wilson to the United States are those of ambassadors to Italy and ambassador to Russia. Sen ator Saulsbury of Delaware is men tioned as a possibility for the Italy appointment. J Ham Lewis of Illi nois may be given the Russian post. ACTION AGAINST STRIKE WAVE IS TAKEN IN BERLIN , r t ' n t ' lOWF at WilheImshaven---Major-jty Socialists Win 98 Seats. By Associated Press) AMSTERDAM, Jan. 30. The Spar tacan uprising at Wilhelm shaven has ten put down, according to Berlin ad vices to the Hamburg Nachrichten. The German government contem plates strong measures to combat the growing strike wave there and . will soon bring forward-a bill compelling men to work and severely punishing strikers, according to a Copenhagen dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph company. ' - . Partial results from the Prussian elections show .that the majority so cialists, 21; democrats, 44; Christian peoples party, formerly the Centrists, 49; National Liberals, 11; and Con servatives, 21. These results seem to indicate that there will not be a Socialist majority in ' the parliament. There are still 150 districts to be heard from. COUNTY FARMERS BEGIN PLOWING For the first time in January, plow ing in going on busily all over Wayne county. According to persons in from the country, the soil is in ideal condition, and it may be possible to get a large part of the spring plow ing done before bad weather again sets in. ; The mid-winter plowing practically assures farmers of Wayne against a late planting, for with the ground in shape, the smallest hint n of good weather any time during the spring will insure planting. -. Despite the unusual activity there is no unusual demand for labor, accord ing to Coaty Agent Kline. Single men are in much demand, but because of the lack of tenant houses on -the farms, men with families are not wanted, nor are men who lack experi ence. production . of. wheat for 1918 could have been obtained in perfect justice to the farmer if the guaranty had been given simply ion the basis of a return on capital labor, so that the price would depend upon the character of the harvest." Had this been the basis the price would have been regulated according to circumstances, yet al ways with the protetlon of the farmer in mind. ,', ,: v-,v : '.: Hoover's Heroic Service. : An amendment, to the : $100,000,000 food bill which, congress finally enact ed this week provides that so far as the funds .shall he expended for the purchase of wheat to be donated, pref erence shall be given to grain grown in the United States. This amend ment which was offered by Senator Penrose,; probably sounds more useful thanit is. All the nations of Europe, including the smaller and at present. WASHINGTON, Jan. 30. High prices and increased production swell ed the total value of the farm crops of the country in 1918 half a billion dol lars more than the total of any previ ous year. The aggregate value of farm crops for the , year has been placed at $14,090,769,000 by the bureau of crop estimates of the Department of Agriculture. The previous record value year was 1917. The value of last year's crop was double the aver age value for the five years, 1912 to 191G. Illinois ranked first in the value of all crops as did that state in . 1917. Iowa, Texas and Georgia were second, third and fourth, holding the same rank as? they did in 1917. Minnesota took .fifth rank, jumping from ninth place which she held in 1917. Ohio dropped back into sixth place from the fifth rank. North Carolina moved up into seveuth rank from the elev enth place. Indiana retained her eighth place. Missouri dropped into ninth rank from the sixth place she held the previous year. Pennsylvania moved into tenth place from the four teenth position. Nebraska, which held seventh place in 1917, dropped back to the seventeenth rank. California dropped from tenth, rauk to twenty first, ' .: . Value of Thirteen Crops. The thirteeu principal farm crops corn, wheat, oats, barley, rye, buck wheat, flaxseed, rice, potatoes, sweet potatoes, tame liny, tobacco and lint cotton which formed almost 80 per cent of the value of all of the coun try's crops in 1909 as reported by the Census Bureau were valued in 1918 at $11,125.99C,000. ; The total value of all crops as giv en is the hypothetical value, based up on tho ratio of the 13 principal crops to all crops in the 1909 Census Bu reau's report. Whitlock Honored for Services to Belgium Daring Occupation ? (By Associated f Press) , : BRUSSELS, Jan. 30. The municip al council formally conferred the free dom of the city on the American Span ish and Drrtch tnimisters - to -Beigtam yesterday th .recognition of their aerr ices to the city and country daring German occupation. The address was made by Burgomaster Max. Brand Whitlock, the American minister, re plied, saying: - " w.' "I am grateful that fate called me to share In the city's sufferings and insults throughout the long nightmare of occupation by an aggressor who vainly desired to assassinate the na tion's soul." DEMPSEY TO MATCH WITH WILLARD FORT WORTH, Texas, Jan. 30 Dempsey will be Willard's opponent in the approaching world's championship bout, said Tex Rlckard, who was here last night, en route to the oil fields. Rlckard said no location for the match had yet been decided upon. Predicts Trade Increase Between U. S. and Japan (By Associated Press) CHICAGO. Jan. 30. Baron Kondo. president of the Nippon Yusen Kaisha steamship company, of Japan, stopped here on his way to the peace con ference at Paris, where he heads the Japanese advisory committee on trade relations. "Trade between the United States and Japan, and the entire Orient is bound to increase enormously," he said. "Millionhs of people of the Far East need all kinds of commodiitea acutely, and these are best supplied from the United States. Political re lations between Japan and America are certain to be improved by the in crease of trade relations." FIRE IN CARGO (By Associated Press) HAVRE. Jan. 30 The fire in the cargo of the French steamer Conde. which arrived here from Savannah, has been extinguished. The forecastle and part of the deck were burned and part of the cargo was thrown over board. None of the crew was Injured. unorganized ones, will buy wheat, and no doubt most of them will arrange for eventual payment by the . isue of bonds or other government securities; consequently, the amount of gift wheat distributed in Europe may not be reflected in large 4 exports from the United States. The food bill is not a charity, and Mr. Hoover is mak ing heroic efforts against tremendous odds to effect a businesslike distribu tion of food supplies and a proper ex penditure of Ameriaa's' $100,000,000. Some' of the obstacles he is hacking his way through can not be described r it may be enough to say that some of the greatest services he has rendered and is rendering the country have, been of such character that the public can know nothing of them. . Why Prices Must Stay Up.. While no accurate estimate can be made of foreign wheat production in 1 -ft n " " - if u y - y; Capt. Stephen Gwynn. A new party was recently formed in Ireland, the Irish Centrist party. Capt. Stephen Gwynn was appointed cujuimaii. me iimuuiiu ui i includes home rule under supervision of a central parliament -dealing with national affairs and a provincial self government within Ireland under pro vincial assemblies. WAYNE COUNTY STILL LAGS IN RELIEF DRIVE Total of $4,469 is Reported by Workers Will Continue Drive. Five hundred and fifty-seven dollars for Thursday work and a grand total of $4,469 for the three days of the Near East campaign was reported to a smallnumber or workers i who met at the Y. M. C. A. this noon, j Leslie Hart, city chairman.' announced that L school.' and clubs of the -city.' -' No township report r is in . yet. District Chairman Ullman said. - ' Today's report was made as follows: Armenians.' Cariander 25.50 v Nusbaum , . ... ...... 132.50 Kramer ............ 161.75 Hornaday .......... 48.00 Thursday's total $367.75 Totals of Armenians for three days $2,442.29.. Syrians. Havens $....... . Scoble 89.00 Bethard 50.50 Rlndt 150.00 Thursday's total. .. .$189.50 Totals of Syrians for three days, $2,026.71. The general sentiment of the meet ing this noon was that some of the workers who had pledged to help have "laid down on the job," but that those who have stayed with the campaign have done good work and should be congratulated. The work will be con tinued through the rest of the week until the quota is raised. , Richmond is still short over a thousand on her quota, and the $11,000 quota of the county will probably lag unless the city goes over its sum. Mr. Hart has a plan which he will initiate the last of the week if it seems advisable. Until tben the workers were Instructed to continue solisitation. finishing up the cards they have left. " "We aro not through, but we are not. going to fall down," Hart said, and urged the workers to pursue their so licitation as faithfully as they can for at least two more days. Engl isn Artists to rami Peace Conference Scenes (By Associate ressl LONDON, Jan. 30 The artists, Or pen and St. John, who have been se lected to paint' scenes from the peace congress, will begin work immediate ly, it Is stated. Both recently return ed to London from the British front, where they have been painting war scenes. ; . - : the next year, it is generally conceded that Europe will require about 350, 000.000 bushels from the United States. If our 1919 crop 13 only 1.000,000,000 bushels and American consumption is accurately calculated at 650,000,000 bushels, we can have- an exportable surplus of almost exactly the Euro pean requirement. If the crop runs to 1,200.000,000 bushels, the surplus will be correspondingly greater, and in. the absence of a guarantee might depress prices seriously. But the 1919 crop is absolutely guaranteed by a law of congress. The food administration expires with the signing of peace, but its liabilities do not, and the greatest of these liabilities is to see that the American farmer gets not less than $2 a bushel for his wheat This lia bility can be removed only by con gress, and it goes without saying that congress will not remove it. The gov By Associated Press)' : " PARIS, Jan. 30. The British and French governments have accepted in principle President Wilson's plan con cerning mandatories from the league of nations for the administration of captured territory, it was stated by Capt. Andre Tardieu of the French peace conference delegation today. The acceptance, however, is subject to learning under what conditions the plan will be carried out. As yet the peace "conference has re- fAfvori nn formal rpn! v fmm ifin T?no. gian soviet government regarding the invitation sent to all the Russian gov. ernments to meet conference repre sentatives at the Princes Islands, but the Russian committee in Paris prob ably will make a formal response in a few days on behalf of the various oth er Russian governments. Considers Proposals. This committee is considering ; the proposals, but the prospects seem ts bte that it will decline to sit in confer, ence with any representatives, of the Bolshevik!. They expected to declina tion, however, will be couched ; in courteous language and will embody a lengthy explanation of the commit- ice o icasuua ui: vecuuiug. - ' - . AiemDers oi tne Kussian committee state that all the Caucasus govern ments, as well as the Omsk govern ment, now are in complete. . INDEMNITIES CONSIDERED. LONDON, Jan. 30. The peace con ference has settled one Important point with regard to the indemnity question, the Paris correspondent of the Evening Standard . says he has reasons for reporting. The confer ence, he declares, has eliminated any intention of calling upon Germany and Maowiavvo aA,y ixsc mic:a iauu tries the cost of the . war, or to im pose heavy indemnities upon the en emy nations. mTflda of lie conference? tte pondt-fds. "are fixed that there shall be full and ample rep aration for unjustifiable damage done. A very sharp . distinction is . being drawn between damage which result ed from legitimate warfare and dam- age which was wanton. and Belgium have formulated claims for reparation in detail. Serbia's bill is the largest, but as Belgium suffered first she will receive first considera tion. " The idea that Germany should re turn the indemnity she took from France m 1871 has been abandoned, the Evening Standard's correspondent continues. British claims, he adds, are for damage done In air raids and through the sinking of merchant ships. In the case of ships, repara tion to Great Britain will be in kind. $500 STOLEN AT SHINE PARLOR The shoe shining parlor of George Salas, 621 West Main street, was broken open Wednesday night about 11 : 30 and $500 in cash, and a valuable gold watch taken. The policeman on the beat saw two negroes come out of an alley behind 4VA U ." 1 . I J t t. a ni we duiub iimiur suvui uiiuuiguu ji lit? y ran at sight of him and succeeded in getting away. Going back to the parlor, be found the back window had been pried open by an automobile Bpring, which was lying on the floor. The cash drawer had been pried open, being splintered and torn in the process. The large sidewalk sign kept in the parlor dur ing the night was up before the win dow so as to conceal the interior. When Salas, the owner, was called, he said the drawer had contained about $500 and the watch. - Several negroes were rounded up Thursday morning by the police and questioned severely. They were all released except two, during the day, and chief of police Gormon said these two were being held only on suspicion, nothing tangible having developed against them. . , ernment Is pledged to the farmer to take care of his 1919 crop, and it will do so. The food administration is as powerless ., to remove this guarantee as it was originally to fix a price of wheat of its own. Congress has ere ated the muddle, as it must be regard, ed from the consumer's point of view, and the public must look to congress for "relief from the high price of flour, and not to the fond arimlnlnti-atlnn- Mr. Hoover by regulation held down the price of ' flour beyond a - certain point butf he could not rednca If K. low that .' -v y :.r a. ,-::-'K- C But congress desired not only to W sure the farmer, but to stimulate him u.w to ciuu 1U M4V wmTT Vl&lO. bushel crop In 1918 with proper dim.' atic conditions. The crop did not qolta touch that figure, but the war wa go. (Continued on Pa TwoV :